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Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church Term Paper

… Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church

The whole of Latin America has been weighed down by dictatorial regimes. The age of Human rights and democracy had been met with brute force. Many of these military takeovers had been planned extremely methodically and the political forces could do nothing else but avoid any all-out confrontation with the military generals. However, a few groups who did resist the takeovers had been crushed in a short time. Also, due to lack of accountability and prevalent state of lawlessness, corruption became widespread (Edward, 1997).

It is important to note that during the cold war America directed many secret CIA operations throughout Latin America. These operations created a bad mind set amongst the people of Latin America for…. [read more]


Latin American History Essay

… When Bello was installed as rector of the University of Chile in 1843, he gave an address praising the liberal, humanistic spirit of the Renaissance and Enlightenment. Modernity and progress began when the "intellectual heritage of Greece and Rome" was "reclaimed by the human spirit after a long era of darkness" (Bello 53). After one thousand years of feudalism, science, morality and politics began to advance again, proving that humanistic learning and cultivated minds were essential for the progress and happiness of society. Although Bello strongly supported the provision of primary and elementary education to the lower classes, he did not believe it possible to educate the masses without first training an educated elite, because "where science and letters do not exist, elementary instruction cannot…. [read more]


Latin American Studies (by Philip Swanson) Essay

… ¶ … Latin American Studies" (by Philip Swanson) by answering questions 1-12.

Travel writing in Latin America was imagined in such a way to create certain stereotypes of both the inhabitants and physical geography when it was reported back to readers in Europe. Latin America was imagined to be more dangerous and less productive and civilized than Europe. These travel writings helped Europeans distance themselves from Latin America, and make it an even more "foreign" and "exotic" location, without even a true understanding of the realities of each country. As for consumption from Latin America, there is no doubt that Latin America has impacted the way people in North America consume and think about products. The book gives the example of just looking at one's…. [read more]


Ottoman Early American Relationships to Religious Hierarchy Caliph Church of England Term Paper

… America and the Ottoman Empire

Currently, the United States and the Islamic world are at odds over many issues, and while the policy of the U.S. is to find ways of finding areas of agreement with Islamic countries, there are still basic differences between the two areas and the religions they support. Islam is a hierarchical religion, and to a great extent, the political and social realm in Islamic countries is also hierarchical. The U.S. is a democracy. One area of agreement is found I the origin of each society, for both came into existence as part of an effort to achieve religious freedom and to escape from religious oppression. The two have not always recognized this area of agreement, and in part have been…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Shores, Coasts, and Then Hinterlands Term Paper

… The laborers of Cidade Nova and those of the Morres de Rio established Samba as a common musical language, no longer limited just to those of the Condomble cultures. Samba was soon the natural flavor of Carnival music.

While Samba became the national musical language in Brazil itself, it also increased in rapid esteem outside of Brazil. In 1928, Parisian Paul

Boucher published a dance book with special instructions for the Samba, detailed to help the Europeans learn the steps and movement. At the same time, two formal Samba schools opened in Brazil, one in Estacio and the other in Bloco. Both played the Samba hits from the airwaves and instructed Brazilians in the same steps Boucher was teaching the Parisians, increasing the role of…. [read more]


Bilbao and Its Basque Culture Term Paper

… Basque Culture of Bilbao and the Regeneration of the Villa of Bilbao in Contemporary Times

The objective of this work is to report on Bilbao and its history and culture, with an emphasis on Basque influences.

The work of Robert Lawrence Trask states that the Basque-speaking region extends from just outside the cathedral city of Bayonne (Basque Baiona) in the north to the outskirts of the huge industrial port of Bilbao (Basque Bilbo) in the west; these two cities and the ancient city of Pamplona (Basque Irunea) all lie just outside the territory." (1997) Trask relates that the early Middle Ages "were a time of urbanization and economic growth in the Basque Country." (1997) This is stated to be, in part, due to an influence…. [read more]


Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]


American National Character Term Paper

… " (Hacker 4). Americans enjoy the highest standard of living in the world -- we are rich. Such an achievement came about through the competitive attitude Americans have towards each other and towards the rest of the world. As a result, not only the achievement is cherished in the United States, but also, the means by which it was achieved.

Patriotism perfectly exemplifies this mentality. Rarely do you hear a politician deliver a speech today in which he does not call America "the greatest nation in the world." If the president, for example, were to say something to the contrary he would likely be booed off the stage, regardless of his reasons. It becomes apparent that, "America is therefore a free country, in which, lest…. [read more]


Police Reform in Post-Authoritarian Brazil Thesis

… 2) This particular research will also be of immense help for policy formulators in metropolitan police departments and in police departments of small vicinities, in making effectual judgment regarding relevant development.

3) The material along with the conclusion of this particular study will certainly enhance and modernize the methodologies of the investigations linked to job performance and challenges related to police development in Brazil.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

Section 1: Police and Crime in Brazil

Since the last ten years the focus of the Brazilian establishment concerning the protection of the civil society has been on the conglomeration out of three immense spectrums: (a) the police department, essential constituent of numerous problems and possibly the recurrent performer in every region of urban space; (b) violent…. [read more]


Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]


Influence of Secularization on Scientific Theory in 19th Century Europe Term Paper

… ¶ … Secularization on Scientific Theory in 19th Century Europe

Precursors in the 18th Century

At the Dawn of the 19th Century

Economics

Philosophy

Rise of Secular Nationalism

Religion in the 19th Century: Distancing itself from the Populace

Increasing Urbanization in Europe and its Effect on Secularization

Other Factors Increasing Secularization

The secularization of Europe in the 19th Century was a continuation of trends which began with the Reformation and the Renaissance, and found a flowering in the development of rationalism in the 18th century amongst philosophers and economists in the UK, France and Germany. This paper covers the increasing secularization of 19th century Europe, with a particular concentration on these three countries.

The influences on secularization in Europe during this century reach far beyond…. [read more]


Leisure May Be the Death Term Paper

… The most obvious, as pointed out by Muller, is a common commitment to a free market economy and to political democracy, both of which are dominated by middle class values. However, there are vital differences within these broad areas of agreement, and it is these deviations that place Europe at a disadvantage when dealing with the demise of employment and the growth of leisure. America is better placed to deal with these social changes, and the subsequent economic and political fallout, because of its emphasis upon individualism, commercialism, and its perception of state assistance only as a last resort. Therefore America, as with Japan, is better able to adapt to changes in labor requirements by capitalizing on the social and economic values of competition, individual…. [read more]


Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional Term Paper

… ¶ … Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life by Stanley Elkins, and Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction by James M. McPherson.

Specifically it will contain a comparative analysis of Elkins historical interpretation of slavery with McPherson's analysis.

Author Stanley Elkins first wrote this pivotal book on slavery in the South in 1959.

It has been one of the leading works on slavery ever since then, with two revisions.

The book still remains in print today, and is still argued for its theories and ideas.

Elkins was the first author to actually look at how slavery affected the slaves, and that made his book forward thinking at the time it was written.

Written before the Civil Rights agreements of the…. [read more]


Politics Modern Political Thought Term Paper

… Modern capitalism is far less restrictive than what they were used to. When society evolved to try to give everyone a small piece of the big pie, it eventually called it Capitalism. "Over a period of a few centuries the 'long journey' toward capitalism extended in this direction: a complex and interlocking process which involved the formation of merchant and banking bourgeoisies, the appearance of nations and the establishment of modern states, the expansion of trade and the domination on a world scale, the development of techniques of transportation and production, the introduction of new modes of production and the emergence of new attitudes and ideas." (Beaud, 17)

There are still debates on whether capitalism is actually a system or if it is merely an…. [read more]


Rhythm of Pastoral Care and Counseling Throughout Time Essay

… Pastoral Care and Counseling

An Analysis of the Rhythm of Pastoral Care and Counseling throughout Time

Kevin Massey observes that "ritual has a profound capacity to provide pastoral care…Gesture and action in ritual deliver spiritual support in ways that can provide hope and healing" (4). According to Massey, ritual is nothing more than an established method of procedure, and as such it is inherently rhythmic. Rhythm, too, is an ordering mechanism that provides a recurrence of alternating accents (most typically a combination of accented/unaccented elements). Rhythm and ritual are intimately connected to human nature, as humans are essentially creatures of habit. Pastoral care and counseling throughout time have always taken into account man's habitual nature and his proclivity to rhythm, whether it be the march…. [read more]


Middle Way Quiet Revolution Caste System Modernization Political Diversity Major Trends Essay

… ¶ … Economic systems are quite complex and, despite purist theory, rarely work in the ways that the original theorist intended due to the individual nature, needs, and traditions of human beings. For years, Soviet planners were confounded with the idea of rapidly developing their system (which was admittedly feudal) with socialism, but allowing some elements of capitalism in (free market). Similarly, Chinese Communist planners knew that in order to unify the country in a single direction, and move from an agrarian economy, they would need to first build a centralized structure, and then loosen it.

In both systems the patterns were quite similar. First, the State dismantled any private ownership and replaced it with State owned industry, manufacturing, production, and distribution. While the two…. [read more]


Western Civilization Mesopotamian Religion Term Paper

… Western Civilization

Mesopotamian religion is the first to be recorded. Because they had very little knowledge on the universe, Mesopotamians believed that they were surrounded by water, and that the world was born out of that immense body of water. Also, their religious faith was polytheistic, and they sought to explain everything around them by interpreting what they believed to be messages from the gods. Unlike Mesopotamian faith, Judaism is a monotheistic religion, and has no principles of faith that are recognized by all Jews. Also, it has no central religious authority and is considered to be centered on the individual to a larger extent than the other formal religions. However, central authority resides in the sacred writings and traditions that are still closely respected…. [read more]


Exodus Walzer, Michael. Exodus and Revolution Research Proposal

… Exodus

Walzer, Michael. Exodus and Revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

Go down Moses, way down in Egypt land. Tell ol' Pharaoh to let my people go." The words of the old African-American spiritual come irresistibly to mind when reading Princeton University Professor Michael Walzer's book Exodus and Revolution. Despite the title and focus of his work, Walzer is not a professor of Biblical criticism or theology, rather he is a social historian who is intent upon examining the ways the Biblical narrative of escape and rebellion had been used and reused throughout the ages to create meaningful narratives about the oppression and liberation of different groups of people. The fact that the most famous American song about the Exodus is an African-American spiritual speaks…. [read more]


Attitudes Towards the Environment in the Developed Term Paper

… ¶ … Attitudes Towards the Environment in the Developed and Developing World

The objective of this work is to examine the differences in attitudes towards the environment in the developed and developing world.

The work of Riley E. Dunlap (1994) entitled: "International Attitudes Towards Environment and Development" relates: "Conventional wisdom holds that concern for the environment is limited to residents of the wealthy industrialized nations of the Northern hemisphere, as those who live in the poorer, Southern nations are assumed to be too preoccupied with economic survival to worry about environmental quality." Dunlap additionally states: "Conventional wisdom also holds the perceptions of the roots of the global environment 'problematique', and how it ought to be mitigated, differ drastically between residents of the economically advanced nations…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast the End of the Roman Empire to Today Term Paper

… ¶ … Roman empire to today

The issue of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire is a source of fascination for both the broad public and the scholarly world. From a European perspective, the fall of the Empire can be regarded as the end of the Classical world as it brought about a decline in literacy, urbanism, and generally all the indicators of civilization. Roman civilization is seen as the golden age of art, literature and law, a period of flourishing culture and development. In fact, both European and non-European societies have adopted Roman architectural, sculptural and legal traditions. The founding fathers hoped that America would revive the virtues of ancient Rome, and would reinvent the Roman Empire under a new formula whose…. [read more]


Why God's Holy Spirit Salvation Liberates Sin Thesis

… Through action, one’s salvation is processed and accomplished. This is supported by the declaration that “faith without works is dead.”[footnoteRef:13] Works are needed to make faith alive and faith that is not alive cannot be tied to salvation. To make works alive, however, one must correspond and communicate with the Holy Spirit. This is how the doctrine of the Holy Spirit interrelates with the doctrine of Salvation. [13: James 2:14-26]



The Holy Spirit

In order to understand the Holy Spirit from the standpoint of liberation theology, it is important to consider how Segundo explains the problem of ideologies: ideologies are human constructs that form obstructions between God and man. Ideologies are ways of thinking that actually lead to oppression instead of…. [read more]


Jesus' Christian Life, Prayer, and Teachings Dissertation

… Prayer brings redemption. Solomon averred that as soon as he asked for Wisdom, it was bestowed upon him. David, similarly, was given fortitude through the Spirit of God (Psalms 118, 131). Every martyr obtained strength to resist tyrants, and overcame dangers and death through prayer. The above are all examples of this "communication" with God in the true spirit of how Prayer was intended.



St. John Chrysostom weighs in again: "He who uses this great weapon knows not death, leaves the earth, enters heaven, and lives with God. He falls not into sin; he loses affection for the earth; he makes his abode in heaven; and begins, even in this life, to enjoy the conversation of God. How then can you disquiet…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson and His Views of Education Term Paper

… Thomas Jefferson: A Pioneer in Education

JEFFERSON and EDUCATION

Thomas Jefferson's life experiences shaped his views on education. His attitudes towards education -- radical as they were for his time -- were influenced by his unusual life, by the revolutionary times in which he lived, and by his own rather exceptional perspective on the world. Despite the fact that Jefferson was born into privilege, he, nonetheless, sought privilege for all and his visions and objectives have had an enduring effect on the American educational system.

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell in Albemarle County, Virginia.

He was the third child of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph-Jefferson,

and his early years on the backwoods of colonial Virginia fostered within him a lifelong…. [read more]


Terrorism and Drug Trafficking Capstone Project

… In particular, heroin from Mexico poses a formidable threat throughout Pennsylvania and Delaware, as evidenced by the increasing availability of high purity, low priced heroin and the resulting escalation in abuse, drug treatment admissions, and overdose deaths. This threat is exacerbated by the widely-reported trend of prescription drugs abusers migrating to heroin, seeking a cheaper and more available high. The DEA Philadelphia Division routinely assesses and ranks the drug threats to Philadelphia and the Delaware area as determined by availability, threat to public health, community impact, attendant crime, enforcement activity, seizures, drug abuse and treatment statistics, as well as propensity for abuse. Analysis of these factors, supplemented by investigative reporting, human intelligence, liaison, and open source data, allows for a comprehensive overview of each drug…. [read more]


Pan Germanism 1871-1914 Term Paper

… ¶ … Austria which influenced Hitler and presaged the rise of Nazism in Germany. As an Austrian born on the Bavarian border, Hitler's ideas and political techniques were forged in the cauldron of decline, nationalist feeling and industrial difficulties encountered in Austria.

The primary movements covered in this paper include Pan-Germanism, the Linzer Programm, the Deutsche Verband and the beliefs of nationalists and the fringe philosophers of post-Empire Vienna. It will also discuss the specific cultural differences in Austria, including the post-feudal attitudes towards workers from the nobility, the close connection of the Church to the political hierarchy, and the specific attitudes of the Austrian peasant and industrial worker. The parties that were hurt by Liberalism and the impending industrialization of Austria are mirrored by…. [read more]


Sociology: Changing Societies Book Report

… A union leader in Washington, D.C., isn't a miner, but miner's groups are his reference group because he identifies so strongly with their needs and aspirations.

Primary groups refer to groups where a person received his or her first important lessons about life and social realities - most often, a typical primary group is the family. Individuals develop their self-concepts and their sense of themselves in a primary group. In a secondary group, such as the HR department at work, a person is less emotionally connected, and feels less totally included in the group's values and actions. A secondary group allows for roles to be played in order to carry out that group's utilitarian functions, whereas in a primary group, one's role is pretty much…. [read more]


Origins, History of the IMF Term Paper

… SRF: Supplemental Reserve Facility loans are to be repaid within a year and a half, and there is a substantial surcharge of 3-5 percentage points.

CCL: This is under the same repayment criteria as SRF, but the surcharge is less (1.5 to 3.5 percentage points).

CFF: This type of loan was designed to help a country experiencing a very sudden "shortfall" in export earnings (caused by world commodity fluctuations), and the financial terms match those of the SBA (except CCF loans have no surcharge).

In the event of a nation suffering a natural disaster like an earthquake, flood, typhoon, or other calamities, or for a country just emerging from war, the IMF provides "Emergency Assistance" loans. They are subject to the basic rate of charge,…. [read more]


Colonization of Africa Research Paper

… Colonization of Africa:

The occupation and control of one nation by another is defined as colonialism. Various European countries have colonized many areas of the world including North and South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the small islands around the world. Africa was colonized by different European nations between the late 19th century and late 20th century. Prior to the colonization, Europeans had had contact with Africa for long such as through the Atlantic Slave Trade. It was not until the late 19th century that they imposed a formal rule of law over Africa. Regardless of their ideologies, and administrative systems, most of the colonial states justified themselves in the name of civilization and pacification ("Colonialism" par, 3).

In Europe, the 19th century was a…. [read more]

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