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African-American History 1865 to the Present Essay

… African-American History: 1865 to the Present

How did Blacks define freedom and how did they realize ideas of freedom? Elsa Barkley Brown's essay "The Labor of Politics" (p. 75) delves into the social and political activities of African-American women between the years 1865 (the end of the Civil War) and 1880. She points out that during the transition from slavery to freedom the freed African-Americans had a very different definition of freedom than the "most supportive white allies" did (p. 76). The northern white liberals who opposed slavery and now sought to help freed Blacks, had no idea apparently that freed Black women in the South would engage in political campaigns, Brown explains. The "Rising Daughters of Liberty" went around raising money for candidates, educating…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Change Essay

… The Civil War made significant changes to the economy. The need for weapons and ammunition fed the strength of the manufacturing trades in the North, while the slash-and-burn practices during the War all but devastated the Southern agricultural powerhouse. The victory of the North in the War set the stage for an American economy centered on manufacturing and trade in the 20th century.

From the start of the English colonies in the early 1600s through the end of the Civil War, democracy and social freedom expanded for all Americans.

The concept of civil and human rights and the concept of political freedom have developed substantially in the United States since the first colonies settled here in the 1600s, though not always consistently. Many of the…. [read more]


African-American Civil Rights Struggle Term Paper

… And more than that this was regardless of skin color or ethnicity so that once the war ended and people returned home, there was less tension between the two and there was also this awakening of the realization that the blacks were being discriminated against unfairly. Moreover, as there was a shortage of labor and there was plentiful employment due to the fact that reconstruction had to be done, additionally the industry was growing due to the European demand for goods and services which was being supplied by America as Europe was left worse off in the wake of the war.

The American Civil Rights Movement

This was what led to the awakening of a nation that was for centuries enslaved and used as forced…. [read more]


African and Native Americans Essay

… Furthermore, while both groups would go on to suffer further discrimination and brutality well into the contemporary era, the legacy of the maroons and "Seminole freedmen" lives on in Florida and Oklahoma, where they were eventually forced to move as a result of the United States' forced relocations over the course of the nineteenth century.

Though the history and experiences of African-Americans and Native Americans are different in obvious ways, such as their relative geographical origins and the degree of respect or humanity they were afforded by European colonists, they also shared some interesting similarities that allowed for unique kinship and communities to form. While Native Americans were occasionally treated with just enough respect to get them to fight or trade in the name of…. [read more]


American Expansion Post-Reconstruction America Gave Thesis

… This belief in democracy and the values that were perceived to be associated with it were viewed as an inevitable evolution in human progress. This led many to believe that anything that stood in the way of this trend was to be destroyed and much of the American population accepted this as it was consistent with their own ambitions.

Woodrow Wilson was a great believer in the superiority of his background and his culture. He was descended from Presbyterian ministers on both sides of the family and he was known to be moralistic, infuriating, and self-righteously inflexible as he believed that he was carrying out God's plan for the country (Stone and Kuznick 2013). He used his power in South America with a desire to…. [read more]


End of Isolation Research Paper

… ¶ … Isolation

African-American Civil Rights

Historically, Africans and African-American citizens have never encountered social, racial, or civic equality within the United States. Despite a significant amount of progress in these areas, some of these contemporary American citizens contend that there is still a marked inequity in their daily treatment based on these aforementioned grounds. Yet when one traces the beginning of the history of these peoples in this country, which was founded on institutionalized, chattel slavery that was formally renounced with the January 31, 1865 passing of the 13th Amendment (Lincoln, 1865), it becomes apparent that they have taken definite steps to ensure social gains that have resulted in an end of segregation and a reduction in discrimination and social isolation. African-Americans have rendered…. [read more]


History of the American South Term Paper

… History Of the American South

Freedom in a "Free South"

The end of slavery in the U.S. generated much controversy and influenced African-Americans in the South in believing that they would finally be recognized as equals. However, white people in former Confederate states were unwilling to accept their defeat and decided that it was essential for them to reduce the effects that emancipation would have on the South. The Emancipation Proclamation influenced people in believing that things would change significantly and that African-Americans would no longer be discriminated. Even though they were freed by the Emancipation proclamation, former slaves were confused in regard to their status consequent to the war as white Southerners were reluctant to provide them with assistance as they struggled to improve…. [read more]


American History American Labor Essay

… The movement encouraged participation of women and set up marketing systems that would guarantee small farmers higher earnings from their crop yield. The movement was also successful in advocating for a low fee on the railroad and warehouse services Martello R., 2010()

Changes in Organized labor

The first labor unions in the history of United States were formed by skilled workers before the civil war. The skilled labor unions were formed in line with the specialization or line of work undertaken but, they amalgamated to form the "national Labor Union." The union advocated for better treatment of workers through advocacy for social reforms, establishment of worker cooperatives, moderation of working hours and equal right for women Brian J.G., 2004.

The union however, did not support…. [read more]


Effects of Slavery on African Americans Today Term Paper

… African-Americans

The history of African-Americans concerns the story of a group of people who were displaced from their different homelands and struggled through great adversity to adapt to their new "homes" and redefine their traditions and culture. Since arriving in North America, their dreams, thoughts, hopes and actions became responsible for some of the most profound economic, political, and cultural developments in the modern Western world. Black resistance slowly destroyed the political and economic system of slavery and created new forms of democracy and equality for all people of color and women. Black creativity influenced all forms of Western art, music, dance and theater.

Black intellectualism looked at various forms of scholarship in entirely different ways to establish new methodologies and approaches.

In the 1700s,…. [read more]


African-American History Since Reconstruction Research Paper

… Assassination of President Lincoln was not merely a tragic event because it marked the death of the man who had led the nation through its tumultuous Civil War: it also had a lasting impact upon the future of Reconstruction. President Andrew Johnson had a very hostile attitude towards the pro-Northern Congress and made every effort to block African-American enfranchisement. To ensure the protection of African-American rights, Congress created the Freedmen's Bureau. "Its purpose was to provide education and training for Blacks in their transition from slavery to freedom" (Jackson 2013). Congress also overrode Johnson's veto to pass the 14th Amendment. However, Reconstruction was a relatively fleeting period of time and by its end, Southern states had enacted substantial blocks to prevent African-Americans from voting, including…. [read more]


Historical Progression of African Americans Thesis

… ¶ … Progression of African-Americans

Matters seemed to be looking up for African-Americans consequent to the Civil War period. Not only had the government become more tolerant towards them, but they were granted equal rights to white people, thus preventing them from being exploited by society. Emancipation was no longer an untouchable dream for black people in the south and those formerly enslaved could enjoy their much deserved power of free will. In spite of the fact that the ending of the war presumably meant that black people everywhere would be liberated, the process took time. While a number of black people enjoyed freedom at some point, others could not because of the faulty state of affairs that they found themselves in at the time.…. [read more]


Historical Progression of African Americans Thesis

… Progress of African-Americans

Historical Progress of African-Americans

"Progress of African-Americans…"

"Progress of African-Americans Through Time"

The historical progress of African-Americans has been peppered with both successes and obstacles. Yet, as we have seen through the development of this course, broken down in units thusly, Unit I 1865-1876, Unit II 1877-1920, Unit III, 1921-1945, Unit IV 1946-1976 and Unit V 1976-Present there are consistent themes of progress political, economic, social/cultural and literary in each of these periods that have brought the culture to where it is today. This work will address one of these themes in each of the units of time and discuss ways in which each led into the other in a system of progress.

Unit I 1865-1876

During the period between the close…. [read more]


African-American History 1865 Present Essay

… Black History

Certainly, this early phase in what we would call the modern civil rights movement was dominated like individuals such as Martin Luther King Jr. They worked for rights for African-Americans and many for integration. To begin with, individual and small group organizing and planning happed. Their methods were legal and passive. However, they were far from a united front. But they were totally united behind the principles of non-violence as a maxim in what they did. It is impossible for this author in this short essay to do justice to the broad spectrum of individuals that made miracles happen, but tragically were not totally successful. In that vein, we will examine a case study of the relationship that developed between Dr. King and…. [read more]


American History Changes Essay

… In 1952, Malcolm X, a controversial figure, became a leader in a new movement. The editors of a timeline write, "Malcolm X becomes a minister of the Nation of Islam. Over the next several years his influence increases until he is one of the two most powerful members of the Black Muslims (the other was its leader, Elijah Muhammad)" (Editors, 2010). The Black Muslims believed that Blacks were the only ones who could resolve their differences with society, and that they should use any means to meet their goals, including violence.

In 1954, a landmark decision by the Supreme Court opened up education to blacks and white equally. The case, called Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka allowed black students to attend a previously…. [read more]


African-American Women and Womanist Theology Research Paper

… African-American Women and Womanist Theology

Religion has been a strong part of the black culture since the beginning of time. Upon migration to the United States, religion and the church was a source of survival, especially for black women. Black women theologians practiced throughout the Civil Rights Movement, the responsibility to exercise racial uplift and social responsibility as the core of the religion life.

As womanist theology emerged, it criticized the black male theologians for ignoring the treatment of black women and their ideas with respect to black theology. It criticized white women for excluding the experiences of black women and the racism of white men.

Black women theologians felt that the experience endured by slavery was the basis for moving towards freedom.

Education, poverty…. [read more]


American History the Book Term Paper

… "

And in the 1820s and 1830s, to continue the examples of how uncivil the society was at that time, the book notes that "... convicted criminals were whipped, held for limited periods in local jails ... Or executed." In prisons, asylums, and poorhouses inadequately trained staff resulted in (330) "overcrowding and the use of brutality to keep order."

Meanwhile, the reasons for the buildup to the Civil War included the fact (374) that "Southerners would not have reacted so strongly to real or imagined threats to its survival -- if an influential class of whites had not had a vital and growing economic interest ... " in slavery. On page 378, the authors write that "Some Southerners were obviously making money, and a great…. [read more]


History of Missouri Term Paper

… She was separated from her parents when eleven years old and brought to Missouri from Tennessee. She never saw any of her folks again and the last words her mother said to her was: "Daughter, if I never see you again any more on earth, come to heaven and I will see you there."

Did you go to church?

Yes, our Master took his slaves to meetin' with him. They had one corner where they sat with the slaves of other people. There was always something about that I couldn't understand. They treated the colored folks like animals and would not hesitate to sell and separate them, yet they seemed to think they had souls and tried to make christians of them. I was raised…. [read more]


African-American History 1865 to the Present Essay

… ¶ … reconstruction were disappointing in that they did not complete the liberation of Blacks in the wake of the Civil War. While the 13th Amendment abolished slavery and the 14th Amendment guaranteed citizenship to blacks, many of the hard-won gains of blacks who fought during the War were lost in concessions by President Andrew Johnson as he gave lands back to pardoned Southern former Confederates. Not only such former Confederates were given back land and pardoned, but land that had been given to freed Blacks were confiscated and given back to Whites who came back (D. Hine, W. Hine & S. Harold (Eds.), 2010, 311-312).

With the rollback of the gains of freed blacks who had received land came Jim Crow laws that limited…. [read more]


Immigration in America: 19th Century to Present Essay

… Immigration in America: 19th Century to Present

The millions of immigrants who have come to America over the past four hundred years have made America what it is today. The immigrants who have made America their home came to find new lives and livelihoods and their hard work benefited not only themselves and their families, but their new home called America. The fact that immigrants decided to make America their home is central to the United States' overall development, "involving a process fundamental to its pre-national origins, its Atlantic outpost to a world power, particularly in terms of its economic growth. Immigration has made the United States of America" (Diner 2008). This paper will take a look at some of the major turning points in…. [read more]


African-American Suffrage Rights Up to 1877 Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. Constitution made no actual comment or mention on the suffrage and voting rights and these were left to the States's jurisdiction. This meant that the enslaved African-American population did not have any rights in this sense and, further more, there were additional restrictions to voting rights, including income and property. The right to vote could not be achieved by the African-American population, since, in 1857, the Supreme Court had ruled on the famous Dred Scott case, deciding that "that no State can, by any act or law of its own, passed since the adoption of the constitution, introduce a new member into the political community created by the constitution of the United States" and, as such, that no African-American could obtain and…. [read more]


Nature of Reconstruction and Its Importance to Subsequent African-American History Term Paper

… Reconstruction and Its Importance in African-American History

Many people might believe that the abolition of slavery in the United States was the most significant social and political action of the 19th century. Those people would be wrong. While the abolition of slavery was very significant and very overdue, it was, by itself, a socially meaningless action, because newly freed former slaves lacked the resources to live outside of slavery. Most former slaveholders were perfectly content to ignore the fact that the practice had become illegal, if they had been able to do so. Even more alarming is the fact that some former slaves had no idea how to engage in life as free people, and needed Reconstruction to show them how to make the legal…. [read more]


Plight of Women and African Americans in America as Marginalized Groups in Antebellum Term Paper

… Antebellum America

The Plight of women and African-Americans as Marginalized Groups in Antebellum America

Women and African-Americans represented two groups with limited rights in antebellum America. Socially, both were considered to have a role and a place. Yet neither had complete rights when compared with white men in the same society. As the North and the South became increasingly sectionalized, the expectations of and placed on both groups began to change. Despite this, both women and African-Americans were marginalized by both Northern and Southern society for the entirety of the antebellum period. The marginalization of blacks and women allowed for a social hierarchy wherein every member of society had a clear place.

In the antebellum era, American society was based upon a number of social…. [read more]


New Jersey History Term Paper

… History / New Jersey

Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North

For the person studying American history that is only familiar with the Civil War in a general way (South vs. North) it is somewhat surprising to learn that a northern state like New Jersey was more than a little "warm" to the Southern cause of continuing with slavery. There are many instances in this book that point towards New Jersey being very supportive of many of the social evils that caused the war to break out in the first place. Southern property rights, whether or not that involved slavery, were supported by the legislature in New Jersey, which clearly gave support to the cause of slavery.

Meanwhile, there is much in Hodges' book that…. [read more]


Native Americans Transition From Freedom Essay

… Imperialism and Global Expansion:

The struggle to overcome isolation by Native Americans began with the economic prosperity that the country experienced. Native Americans struggled to overcome isolation because their perspective on the world was different from the views of European societies. Their struggle from isolation was also coupled with other people's belief that the United States could promote the cause of freedom and democracy only by war. With such perspectives, overcoming isolation was difficult for Native Americans though they overcame isolation through imperialism and global expansion through economic forces.

Changes to the Native American Themes:

The themes that the Native Americans used in their struggle to overcome isolation later changed mainly as a result of development of railroads in the western part of the United…. [read more]


History From 1865 Essay

… Part 2: The Post-1930s

1. Immigrants and Modern Stereotype / Racial Profiling

Active prejudice existed in the pre-WW2 era, but stereotypes -- in the modern twist -- linger still today. Immigrants have long been detested and have long been accused of taking away jobs from native-born Americans, increasing the criminal population, and draining America's educational and healthcare -- as well as social benefit -- resources. Usually, however, it is illegal, rather than legal, immigrants who are mostly condemned.

Unfortunately, Islamic terrorist activities have given rise to the new stereotype of Islamaphobia where people of Muslim extraction nd Arabs Are mistreated and discriminated against particularly since the September 11th attacks. The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) (2002), for instance, reported incidents that consisted…. [read more]


Women the Impact of Slavery Term Paper

… (Molloy) The study found that African-American Women and Caucasian women have a different perception of what overweight means. The study found that African-American Women are quite often around people that are overweight which changes the perception of what overweight people look like. (Molloy)

Another article entitled, "Denying Diversity: Perceptions of Beauty and Social Comparison Processes among Latina, Black, and White Women," explains further the perception of body image that is projected by African-American Women. This particular article points to research that suggest that the African-American view of beauty is not only found in the way that a person looks but also in their personality. (Poran) The article describes the results of a study involving Black teenage girls and White teenage girls. This study found that,…. [read more]


U.S. Immigrant and Ethnic History Term Paper

… Immigrant and Ethnic History

Compare the Land-Allotment Strategy used with the Choctaw's with the Treaty Strategy that was applied to the Cherokee. What are the key differences between both approaches to Indian lands? Do they share any similarities? What were the outcomes of each strategy

Land allotment was significant when it came to the Indians and what the settlers would offer to them. The Choctaws were given a land allotment strategy, while the Cherokee Indians were offered a treaty strategy. Both of these strategies had both pros and cons, and therefore both must be addressed here, to see where their similarities and differences lie, and to examine the outcomes of both of the strategies. It is also important to understand some of the interaction that…. [read more]


Native Americans: Separate and Unequal Term Paper

… 3). In a manner that mirrors the attitude of the Quechans, the Cherokee also sought federal protection, but wanted to maintain their sovereignty. In other words, Native Americans were trying to negotiate a place within the expanding European society in North America, but without sacrificing their values, beliefs, and sovereignty. The colonial powers, whether British, Spanish, French, or U.S., responded sometimes brutally by segregating them physically and culturally.

An essential component of the colonial response was to establish boarding schools through the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (Oliver, 1996, p. 10-13). The goal was to indoctrinate Native American children in Christian values, the English language, property ownership, and the American work ethic, while stripping them of their native culture and language. Twenty-five boarding schools were…. [read more]


American History Since 1865 Term Paper

… Progression of American Women Throughout History

American History Since 1865

Historically speaking, American women have had fewer rights and opportunities than American men. For hundreds of years, the roles of women were confined to that of wife, mother, housekeeper and cook. However, as years went by in America, women were able to gain more and more rights, putting them on equal footing as men. While some women may agree that even in the 21st century they are still not treated the same as men in society and the workplace, it cannot be denied that women have come a long way since the mid-19th century. This paper will focus on the progression of women's rights and opportunities in the United States from 1865 until present time.…. [read more]


19Th C. Post-War American Industrialization Thesis

… (4) Freed slaves: describe the new industrial climate of the later 19th century as being radically destabilizing for poor white populations in the South, and thus being an encouragement to increased nativism and racial segregation, with the rise of Jim Crow and the Ku Klux Klan. The chief reference for this portion of the paper will be the book Worse Than Slavery, which describes the new system of penal labor devised in the South, as a way to imprison a large portion of the African-American workforce and use them to provide free labor within the new economic climate.

(5) Political reformers and radicals: Focus on the emergence of the Progressive movement with Robert LaFollette as an example, the embrace of reform (and trustbusting) by Theodore…. [read more]

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