Viewing papers 1-25 of 25 for african american AND history AND the AND sharecropping AND system AND the AND sharecropping

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African-American History the Sharecropping System Term Paper

… African-American History

The Sharecropping system

The Sharecropping system was a labor agreement that was shaped by the situation in the South after the Civil War and by the mutual dependency between farmers and laborers. (the Sharecropping System) the Civil War of 1861-1865 brought an end to slavery in the country. However this also meant that many farmers in the South were left without labor to farm their lands. This situation was also worsened by the poor state of the Southern economy after the war." The Southern economy was in such shambles that in many cases they couldn't even afford to buy seed and farm implements, much less to pay hired hands" (the Sharecropping System) There were also many African-Americans still living on the land in…. [read more]

African-American History Sharecropping Was Not a Direct Term Paper

… African-American History


Sharecropping was not a direct effort by whites to keep blacks in a submissive position, but rather was a phenomenon that developed after the Civil War as the South tried to rebuild its economy (Riddle 1995). Southern white landowners did not like sharecropping, however they needed a means of labor to work their land, and ex-slaves had limited employment options as freedmen, thus sharecropping was essentially a necessary alternative, a compromise (Riddle 1995).

At the end of the War, freedmen owned no property, and most were illiterate, and the few skills they did possess related to agriculture production, thus the majority roamed the countryside seeking out family relations, while others congregated in shantytowns around Southern cities and towns (Riddle 1995).

Only about…. [read more]

African-American History Thesis

… ¶ … workings of the sharecropping system, and explain why many African-Americans preferred it to wage labor; explain why so many sharecroppers ended up destitute and tied to a plantation.

The sharecropping system was set up for former African-American slaves to be able to lay economic claim to their own work through the sharing of harvest of a plot of land or property. It would eventually become its own version of slavery, and since so many people were draw into this form of land lease, it would have a profoundly negative effect on the plight of African-Americans in the post Civil War era (Billingsley, 1992). The blacks were most often not owners of land on their own, and often worked portions of the land in…. [read more]

End of Isolation Research Paper

… ¶ … Isolation

African-American Civil Rights

Historically, Africans and African-American citizens have never encountered social, racial, or civic equality within the United States. Despite a significant amount of progress in these areas, some of these contemporary American citizens contend that there is still a marked inequity in their daily treatment based on these aforementioned grounds. Yet when one traces the beginning of the history of these peoples in this country, which was founded on institutionalized, chattel slavery that was formally renounced with the January 31, 1865 passing of the 13th Amendment (Lincoln, 1865), it becomes apparent that they have taken definite steps to ensure social gains that have resulted in an end of segregation and a reduction in discrimination and social isolation. African-Americans have rendered…. [read more]

History of the American South Term Paper

… History Of the American South

Freedom in a "Free South"

The end of slavery in the U.S. generated much controversy and influenced African-Americans in the South in believing that they would finally be recognized as equals. However, white people in former Confederate states were unwilling to accept their defeat and decided that it was essential for them to reduce the effects that emancipation would have on the South. The Emancipation Proclamation influenced people in believing that things would change significantly and that African-Americans would no longer be discriminated. Even though they were freed by the Emancipation proclamation, former slaves were confused in regard to their status consequent to the war as white Southerners were reluctant to provide them with assistance as they struggled to improve…. [read more]

Nature of Reconstruction and Its Importance to Subsequent African-American History Term Paper

… Reconstruction and Its Importance in African-American History

Many people might believe that the abolition of slavery in the United States was the most significant social and political action of the 19th century. Those people would be wrong. While the abolition of slavery was very significant and very overdue, it was, by itself, a socially meaningless action, because newly freed former slaves lacked the resources to live outside of slavery. Most former slaveholders were perfectly content to ignore the fact that the practice had become illegal, if they had been able to do so. Even more alarming is the fact that some former slaves had no idea how to engage in life as free people, and needed Reconstruction to show them how to make the legal…. [read more]

Slavery the Emancipation of Slaves Research Paper

… Several criminological and sociological theories can be used to explain "black crime." Durkheim's concept of anomie, the erosion of social norms, was one result of peonage and its similar racist institutions. Likewise, strain theory can easily account for the manifestation of "black crime" in the Untied States. An oppressed culture evolves in opposition to the dominant culture, rejects the norms of the dominant culture, but has no institutions or structures in place to create a constructive response to oppression. A similar situation plays itself out all over the world, where oppressed communities struggle to find strong leadership and a cohesive means by which to achieve economic, political, and social power.

Slavery by Another Name is a powerful documentary that rounds out an understanding of American…. [read more]

Since 1500 a History of World Societies Term Paper

… ¶ … 1500 History of World Societies

European average income per person began to rise in comparison with the rest of the world beginning in about Answer:

1450 b. 1650 c. 1750 d. 1850

All of the following statements characterize world economic development in the 19th century except:

industrialization generated global inequity in wealth and power.

railroads drastically reduced transportation costs.

the opening of the Suez and Panama canals facilitated trade.

the world's leader in importing foreign goods was America.

All of the following technological innovations were crucial to European imperialist expansion in the late nineteenth century except:

the machine gun.

the telegraph.

c. quinine.

The airplane.

Causes of the so-called new imperialism (1880-1914) include all of the following except:


a. economic competition in…. [read more]

Changed "Old South" ( Civil Essay

… The general discrimination they were subjected to proved to be too much for some African-Americans in the South in the early twentieth century and the mass movement lasted up until the 1970s. While discrimination played a significant role in the process, these people also left because of the harsh economic conditions in the South, as the more industrialized North provided more opportunities.

The New Deal had a beneficial effect on the South, taking into account that it implemented legislations that would encourage the growth of the industry and that it promoted ideas against segregation laws. Even with this, influential figures in the area were in charge of the process and had a strong control over affairs there as the program started to be implemented.

The…. [read more]

Women's History the Passing Term Paper

… Although they were spaced a century apart, the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War shared similar implications, as both helped a new nation define itself in theory and geographically. The first forged a new nation, independent of Great Britain; the other preserved the political and geographic integrity of that new nation. Both had wide-reaching social, political, and economic implications for all Americans. However, women were classified as second-class citizens during and after both wars. The Civil War freed the slaves but did not offer women the right to vote. Although women served their cause in many ways: from assuming the business duties of their husbands in combat to dressing like men and taking up arms, "few people seemed to appreciate women's efforts," (201).…. [read more]

Abraham Lincoln Book Review

… As noted before, the political structures in the south did everything possible to surmount the rights that Lincoln's government had given to these people. From an economic perspective, the country as a whole would swiftly progress into industrialization, yet most freed slaves in the South found themselves in similar economic conditions to slavery under the sharecropping system. Even worse, reconstruction would last little more than 10 years. Once the militarization of the south ended, heralding the conclusion of the reconstruction, the lot of African-Americans significantly spiraled to conditions that were virtually akin to slavery with lynchings and transgressions on their newly acquired freedom commonplace in the wake of the advent of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Knights of the White Camelia.…. [read more]

Race in March of 2010, a Teenage Essay

… Race

In March of 2010, a teenage employee of a Pennsylvania Wal-Mart used the store's PA system to deliver a shockingly racist message: "All blacks must leave the store." The incident at the Gloucester County Wal-Mart proves that racism is still alive in the United States. Whites continue to harbor hatred towards blacks, their fellow Americans. Because Wal-Mart is a quintessentially American store, the incident underscores what W.E.B. DuBois called the "double consciousness" of African-Americans. In fact, the term "African-American" symbolizes the double consciousness. Embedded in the moniker "African-American" is the clear birthright of all citizens to equal social and political status. Yet because of the "African" portion of that collective identity, African-Americans have been stigmatized, intimidated, and victimized in countless race-based crimes.

Abolition after…. [read more]

Stigma of Suicide and Grief in African-American Mothers Literature Review

… Suicide Grief among African-American Mothers


This research will explore the experience of representative African-American mothers who lost their sons to suicide. The biopsychosocial contextual model of stress, as specifically applied to suicide as stressor, by Clark, Anderson, Clark and Williams (1999) will guide the following research questions:

Does perceived stigma due to suicide, as measured by the Suicide Stigmatization Scale (Fiegelman et al., 2011) significantly predict severity of grief, as measured by the Inventory of Complicated Grief (Prigerson et al., 1995), in African-American mothers who have lost a son to suicide, controlling for maternal socioeconomic status, age, relationship status, depression, and history of suicide in the family?

Does the coping style of John Henryism, as measured by the John Henryism Active…. [read more]

Slavery No One Debates Term Paper

… This agricultural process continued for decades even the official institution of slavery itself had ended. Early in the 20th century, however, a revolution in technology changed the entire face of the South's agricultural economic system. New developments in agricultural equipment and technology, such as motorized tractors, made the same sort of workforce that was required only 20 years before completely unnecessary. Due to the lessoned need for manpower, there were few and fewer jobs available in the South in agricultural work at this time. Also, industry in the North at this point was doing very well and there were more vacancies as a result of soldiers leaving for WWI:

Railroad companies were so desperate for help that they paid African-Americans' travel expenses to the North...…. [read more]

Economic History of America Research Paper

… ¶ … United States Central Bank

The economic history of the United States from the time since the Reconstruction period of the Civil War has certainly varied through epochs of both prosperity and of despair. Analysis of the trends which influenced and have been made manifest during this time period indicate the interrelation of several events, people, agencies and structures that have had a significant impact on the economics of this country. The chronological development of the United States' monetary history began well before the Civil War, and has always revolved around the controversy surrounding the development of a central bank. Although the charter for the Bank of the United States (originally conceived by Alexander Hamilton in 1701) had expired in 1837 largely due to…. [read more]

Harlem Renaissance the Southern Roots Thesis

… The tales of Southern migrants reinvigorated Northern intellectuals and inspired them to work for both political and social equality, demanding civil liberties and equal citizenship for African-Americans. The main purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was the enlightenment of both Whites and African-Americans. The former needed to be presented with evidences that blacks were intellectually, artistically, and culturally mature, while the latter needed to elevate their self-esteem and racial pride.

The Renaissance leaders wanted to convey a simple message: African-Americans were not different from Whites -- both could be good or bad and both could be backward or advanced -- and all they wanted was to be known as who they were. Alain Locke, also known as the "father of Harlem Renaissance," explained: "The Negro today…. [read more]

Ku Klux Klan Terrorist Group Thesis

… Terrorism

Ku Klux Klan: Terrorist Group Posing as a Social Organization

Throughout history many groups have agitated for changes in society. For some these goals have encompassed attempts to prevent the disappearance of what they believed to be the rightful or traditional form of society. Fundamentalists of all stripes typically hearken back to an idealized earlier type the restoration of which, in theory, is their ultimate aim. The Ku Klux Klan first arose in the aftermath of the Civil War. Reacting to what its members saw as the utter destruction of the South's true civilization, they sought to preserve a world in which sharp divisions remained between African-Americans and Whites. African-Americans, or so they believed, were naturally inferior to Whites. African-Americans belonged forever at the…. [read more]

Mill and U.S. Constitution None Research Paper

… By the beginning of the Civil War, there were over four million slaves in the U.S. And this institution was more profitable than ever. Even after it was officially destroyed in 1865, it continued in everything but name, usually in the form of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South that left most blacks in absolute poverty.

Although Thomas Jefferson was in Paris at the time the Constitution was written, he was on the whole skeptical of granting too much power to the central government, and politically skilled enough to rally Western farmers to join an Antifederalist coalition with the Southern planters in the 1790s. Jefferson was always a paradoxical character, given his deep hostility to banks, factories and corporations, but at the same time…. [read more]

Gilded Age and Two Identifications Essay

… ¶ … Rise of Entertainment during the Gilded Age

The Gilded Age marked a time of industrial revolution, growth, and prosperity. The Gilded Age sprung out of post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction and is defined by the rapid economic and population growth. Marked by the creation of the modern industrial economy, the Gilded Age saw the rapid rise of industrialists such as John D. Rockefeller, Andrew W. Mellon, Andrew Carnegie, J.P. Morgan, and Cornelius Vanderbilt. It was also during this time that America saw the rise of expositions, amusement parks, and other entertainment outlets.

Expositions of the Gilded Age included the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, the World's Fair (World's Colombian Exposition) held in Chicago, the St. Louis World's Fair, and the Panama Pacific International Exposition. These…. [read more]

College Campus Across the Country Term Paper

… " Ormond traces Martin's spending to "shame" that she "lost a job," and suggests that Martin will not even use her purchases because "every time" Martin will look at those purchases, she will be "reminded of the fear" she felt when she bought it. (Martin 246) But what Ormond says is true -- many compulsive shoppers do not even touch the purchases they make or take them out of their wrapping.

Beyond even this, however, Ormond touches upon an important point. The same emotional forces that drive people to buy on credit -- shame, desperation with their present economic circumstances, depression, and false hope in the impulse of the moment, are all of the same forces that drove people into the circumstances of indentured servitude.…. [read more]

Social Equity Essay

… Unfortunately, the current and future trends for both civil and economic rights do not look encouraging. There are several factors that suggest that the economic gap between the lower classes and the upper classes will continue to increase. For example, a college education was long considered a means of breaking through socio-economic class barriers, but the rising costs of tuition coupled with declining relative amounts of financial aid mean that for many members of the lower and middle classes, a college education is either prohibitively expensive or results in such a high debt burden that it prevent upward financial mobility. Because women and most racial minorities are still disproportionately likely to be in the lower economic groups, this lack of economic parity means that that…. [read more]

What America Would Be Like Without Blacks Thesis

… America Without Blacks

Colorless America

The racial tension of the last few hundred years has taken its toll on the American psyche, leading many to speculate what it would be like if America had no black people. Because blacks have been the scapegoats for so many societal ills, this fantasy leads many people to believe that removing blacks from America would make it a land with less violence, less destruction, less poverty, and less general animosity. On the other hand, those who want to advocate the role that African-Americans have played in shaping modern American culture have been responsible for the sharing of an e-mail that grossly overstates black contributions to modern civilization, going so far as to credit a black person with the invention…. [read more]

Magnum Opus "Twice Term Paper

… xvi).

While concentrating on Georgia, he makes marauding expedition into the mines of Alabama and Tennessee and down the path leading to North Carolina, the author presents his tow-fold view putting an end to the debate while convincing both sides with an assertive and a clear line of reasoning. Lichtenstein is of the view that convict labor, the new form of South displays similar practices like that of slavery of the old South. However, he believes that it is the New South institution resembling slavery that is cardinal to economic prosperity of the south planters. Lichtenstein further suggests the reasons for his conviction regarding convict labor as advantageous to both the ancient farmers owning lands and conducting farming using the primitive methods of cultivation and…. [read more]

Freed Slaves and Land Ownership Essay

… com).

And hence, the freed slaves "…were given no land and no money" which put them in a very tenuous situation; they had freedom, but they were in a terrible "bargaining position" with no political power (Sherman, et al., 2008, 124). The freed slaves needed money to lease land, buy equipment, and to feed themselves until crops could be realized, Sherman explained. Stuck as sharecroppers, many freed blacks (because they had to give up half their crops to pay for the use of the land) became debtors; and if a sharecropper was caught trying to leave the state while still owing money to the landlord, "…he or she could be imprisoned" and could well wind up in a chain gang (men chained together doing menial…. [read more]

Plato's Viewpoint on Imperialism During WWII Term Paper

… Plato's viewpoint on Imperialism during WWII

It is highly important to examine Plato's work, because much of what he looked at with ethics and other issues relates to Imperialism and the way that the issue was handled during WWII. Plato's writings will be addressed thoroughly, and along with those writings imperialism and WWII will be discussed as well. Later in the paper, imperialism will be somewhat further addressed through the work of Emanuel Wallerstein and it will be shown how this also relates to the work that Plato created.

The way Plato looks at ethics is somewhat confusing, because he often talks about them in a very abstract way and uses allegorical methods to discuss them. This can be difficult to follow, especially when Plato…. [read more]

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