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Age of Discovery Term Paper

… ¶ … Age of Discovery:

The so-called "Age of Discovery" occurred between 1450 and 1650, roughly beginning during the early years of the Renaissance Period in Europe and ending with the "Age of Reason." During this two hundred year span, European explorers from countries like Great Britain, Spain, France and Portugal extensively traveled to the "New World" or North America in search of new trades routes that might lead them to vast resources of gold, silver and spices for the ever-expanding economies of their native countries.

One of the most famous of these explorers was Christopher Columbus who with the financial assistance of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 to "discover" the Americas. Currently, there is much…. [read more]


Age and Age Discrimination Term Paper

… It is illegal to replace a person over 40 with a person under 40, if age is the sole or overwhelming reason. It is also illegal to replace a person over forty with a younger person who is also forty. (ibid)

Then there is the reason of replacing higher earners and its relation to age discrimination in the workplace. It is not illegal to replace people who are making high wages with people who will make less because they have less seniority. This is a general process of economic efficiency. "However, this usually means replacing older workers with younger ones. If the wage considerations are not the real motivator, and the employer is actually trying to replace older workers with younger ones, that it illegal.…. [read more]


Living in the Middle Ages Term Paper

… Among the cathedrals that exemplify this art of building, include those at Chartres and Amiens.

Music

In the music sector, the art continued to evolve during these middle ages. Living in these ages, I would be happiest to experience the developing trends and upcoming groups in the industry music are an industry that existed before the middle era. However, these ages marked the beginning of revolutionary music artists with immense talents in songwriting and actual singing. Living in this middle age, the greatest invention of interest would be the invention of the music staff, the lines and spaces in which the notes are written. This happened by the efforts of an Italian Benedictine monk, Guido of Arezzo (995-1050 AD). He informed the naming of these…. [read more]


Columbus's Description of the Discovery Essay

… Although the natives are characterized as 'natural' and 'friendly' they are clearly seen, on a sliding scale of humanness, as more primitive and thus less advanced the European Christians. Columbus carefully notes their darker skin and painted, savage appearance, and with a somewhat cool, implied assessment of the threat that they pose to him notes: "They do not carry arms and have no knowledge of them, for when I showed them our swords they took them by the edge, and through ignorance, cut themselves. They have no iron; their spears consist of staffs without iron, some of them having a fish's tooth at the end and others other things. As a body they are of good size, good demeanor, and well formed" but do not…. [read more]


Discovery This Neurological Disorder Term Paper

… Treatment and Other Interesting Facts About the Disorder

No known or developed cure at present

Medications for seizures when they occur

Occupational therapy, physiotherapy and hydrotherapy recommended for prolonging mobility

Intervention programs to increase social interaction and increasing attention span

Music therapy to reduce repetitious hand movements

Equipment tailored for individual requirements such as braces to inhibit scoliosis, splints for controlling hand movements

Despite severe impairments, majority believed to be able to reach adulthood (up to ages 40s), but with increased risk of death

Occurrence of sudden and unexplained death possible with brain stem malfunction or dysfunction and breathing stoppage

Continued research work in the fields of neuropathology, neurochemistry, neuroimaging, nutrition and genetics, primarily by the Rett Center. Center established in 1985 by Dr. Alan…. [read more]


Age of Reformation Term Paper

… European History

The Age of Reformation

It is a cliche that the pen is mightier than the sword - that ideas shape the course of human events to a far greater extent than the use of power. Many ideas have been discussed about the Age of Reformation in Europe, not only those of religious thinkers such as Luther and Calvin, but also those of political thinkers (Machiavelli and Hobbes, for example), scientists, and commentators on their world such as More and Montaigne. Also, the careers and achievements of a good many wielders of power, not only kings and queens, but also Popes, ministers, such as Richelieu, and rebels such as Coligny and William the silent have been discussed by historians regarding this time period. Did…. [read more]


Unlike the Way the 'Race Term Paper

… Spain's protectionist economic policies hindered the development of the colonies. Those living in the Spanish controlled colonies suffered on a personal level in ways that colonists in the English colonies did not. The English colonists were often religious dissidents, resulting in their greater determination to succeed in the New World, as they had no where to go back to.

Furthermore, Spain's policies also led to a series of expensive wars with England, France and the Netherlands. The infamous defeat of the Spanish Armada by England was only one of the crushing defeats Spain suffered during this period of time. Protectionism, combined with a lack of commitment of both the settlers and the government of Spain to establishing a permanent colonial government and infrastructure in the…. [read more]


Shape and to Create Essay

… William the Conquerer was a rule who made it clear that he was to be treated as one more powerful and more popular than the pope, and that even the pope's envoys needed to enter England with the permission of William and that same permission was needed in order for members of the papal group to publish.

While these moves might appear incredibly controlling, William was one of the people who was able to push England into being an ideal European nation, a nation that was simply better organized and more powerful. And part of these achievements were connected to the fact that he took power away from the papacy and some of their more archaic tendencies for ruling and controlling -- old fashioned regimes…. [read more]


Pseudoscientific Discovery or Product New Evidence Term Paper

… ¶ … Pseudoscientific Discovery or Product

New Evidence of Aliens Discovered near Area 51! (Lincoln County, NV - May 20, 2008).

Local resident Seymour G. Pruett, 73, and his wife, Selma, 71, were driving their four-wheel drive vehicle alongside the road adjacent to the infamous Area 51 maintained by the U.S. government recently when they discovered what they believe to be incontrovertible proof of alien presence in the United States today. Mr. Pruett enthused, "We got it all right! We got it right there in the back seat and no 'gubmit' bureaucrat can tell us we've been out in the desert too long now!" Mr. Pruett pointed to an ancient camera in his backseat which he claimed contained actual pictures of aliens in the Area…. [read more]


Religion in Our Age Term Paper

… Many times we ask ourselves why children hurt, people suffer and die, and there is pain in the world, as we know it. With the scientific advances we have accomplished it is hard to understand why these things are still allowed to exist. For many their religious beliefs and faith help them understand and accept the suffering that they see.

Some framed their experiences in terms of being tested by God, and believing that their faith would be rewarded in the future. These were respondents who could point neither to tangible physical healing nor to intangible emotional comfort, but who believed that their present suffering must have some religious meaning (Seeman et al.,1994)."

Throughout history the more turmoil the world seemed to face the stronger…. [read more]


Company Called Ypf Essay

… YPF must adequately teach its workforce and management how to embrace organizational culture change. This is because a successful adaptation to the changes to the organizational culture is very crucial for the present and future survival of YPF.

According to Mabin, Forgeson & Green (2001), resistance to organizational change can be classified into three main categories; these include individual, organizational as well as group. The organizational factors are derived from the threats that are caused by poor organizational structures and processes. Organizational culture change is a great threat to the social norms as well as group cohesiveness within the given organization. According to Bernerth (2004) personality traits are another source to resistance to culture change within an organization.

For YPF to succeed in the implementation…. [read more]


Angkor Is Called the Largest Religious Monument Term Paper

… Angkor is called the "Largest Religious Monument in the World," with good cause. As a whole, it takes up hundreds of square miles and parts of it still have not been investigated fully. Tourists flock to the area, hoping to get a taste of the mystery and history that surrounds these huge complexes still being swallowed by the jungle. In a land beset by typhoons and rain, heat, huge rivers and deltas, mountains and jungles, it is a wonder that the cities of Angkor, and especially the great temple of Angkor Wat, were found at all, and still remain for men and women to marvel over. (Jacobson, 5)

Cambodia lies at the heart of Indochina, bordered by Thailand to the west, Laos and Thailand to…. [read more]


Machine Age the Five Architectural Projects Reviewed Essay

… Machine Age

The five architectural projects reviewed in this section represent the pinnacle of a confluence of a number of different factors that pertain to the early half of the 20th century. For the first time, man focused on erecting structures with an unparalleled degree of height and functionality that suited a variety of purposes. Yet as a review of the following pages indicates, the process by which the technology, craftsmanship, and managerial principles necessary for this type of efficiency elucidates some of the most salient aspects of the Machine Age.

It is far from coincidental that some of the most well-known architects during this epoch originated from Germany, particularly when one considers the impact Germany had on the first part of the 20th century…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East Research Paper

… ¶ … Age of Change: American foreign policy towards the Middle East under Obama (discourse analysis)

Perhaps the clearest shift in American attitudes towards the Middle East, as manifested by the Obama Administration, is exemplified Obama's decision to address the Muslim world directly in a speech at Cairo University. Obama deliberately chose one of the most modernized and secular venues in the Muslim world. He sought to connect with an audience of young people with educated and potentially changeable minds. Egypt alone of all the major Middle Eastern powers of the Islamic world has a peace treaty with Israel.

Obama spoke directly to individual Muslims as a diverse community: "So long as our relationship is defined by our differences, we will empower those who sow…. [read more]


Age of Florence Nightingale Term Paper

… Weiss, M.E., Hastings, W.J., Holly, D.C., & Craig, D.I. (1994). Using Roy's Adaptation

Model in practice: Nurses perspectives. Nursing Science Quarterly, 7:2, 80-86.

Part 2

Question 1: Notwithstanding the word "borrowed" the establishment of a theory, regardless of discipline, is not an easy task. Philosophical pundits will continue to argue that theories are nothing more than extensions of someone's thoughts. To philosophers a theory is actually a species with numerous sub-divisions. Therefore, it is not always the establishment of a theory that is important, especially in nursing care, rather how the theory is applied. Application, therefore, is the essential ingredient of a healthcare theory. Take for example, baking a chocolate cake. The theory is if all ingredients are mixed as per instructions the cake will…. [read more]


Literacy in the Aegean Bronze Term Paper

… It is interesting, that Greeks kept a sort of unpleasant feeling about the old script, maybe because it was psychological associated with cruel royal scribes and tax collectors. Five centuries later, Greeks developed their own alphabet. (Schmandt-Besserat, 1992)

Bronze Age Scribes

The Bronze Age scribes of Crete and Greece were using ideogram and syllables together with variation to detail reflecting their internal structures of their society. When a word is written syllabically and followed by an ideogram, it conveys the same meaning. The term 'double writing' is reflected in the Linear B. writing system of the Minoans and Mycenaean. The writings of a language evolve into an alphabet or a syllabary from many forms of ideograms, syllabic elements and definitive orders of consonantal signs. The…. [read more]


Crowdsourcing Techniques in Call Centers Dissertation

… [EXCERPT] . . . promising phenomenon that lends itself to call centers' ability to improve their own and their other business units' efficiency is the employment of crowdsourcing. Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem-solving and production model already in use by for-profit organizations such as Threadless, iStockphoto, and InnoCentive. Speculation in Weblogs and wisdom of crowds theory assumes a diverse crowd engaged in crowdsourcing labor. Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call. Furthermore, and as crowdsourcing is in some ways similar to open-source software production, prior research suggests that individuals in the crowd likely participate in crowdsourcing…. [read more]


Albert Hofmann Thesis

… Albert Hofmann and the Discovery of LSD

The association between psychedelic drugs and counterculture or youth movements is the driving force in the public perception of substances such as salvia, peyote, psilocybe 'magic' mushrooms and Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). The manner in which its usage is frequently depicted correlates its hallucinogenic properties to recreational abuse, ingestion during music festivals, the promotion of irrational or dangerous behavior, the persistence of negative neurological conditions and the association with the abuse of other recreational drugs. It is also understood in a limited context that such hallucinogenic substances relate to the spiritual practices and ritual traditions of a wide array of tribal or aboriginal cultures. However, a reflection on the life, work and philosophy of Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann…. [read more]


Hernan Cortez With the Discovery Thesis

… Hernan Cortez

With the discovery of the American continent and its riches, the Europeans were determined to take advantage of the new land. Hernan Cortez, a troubled Spanish in search of glory, had been the first to break the peaceful relationship between the Europeans and the American continent. One of the first major clashes between the two had turned out as a result of the divergences between the Aztecs and the Spanish conquerors.

People have been trying to gain as much land and riches as they possibly could ever since the early ages. This act has triggered the process of globalization because of the frequent interaction between nations that man has made with time. After the great conquests done by the early empires the world…. [read more]


Humanities the Renaissance Period Changed Term Paper

… Universities should also upgrade their curriculum and inculcate an interdisciplinary approach covering practical situations according to the ever changing needs and times (Audsburg 2005).

The traditional approach defines of humanities as the study of human condition, using critical speculative or analytical approaches.

An alternate definition can be "Disciplines under Humanities help us comprehend and explain human experience of cultures, history, literature, art and ethics. The examination, review and understanding of an object created by humans or a factor that makes us human, the emerging thoughts and processes that take place within ourselves something deliberated, discussed and opinionated" (Humanities Council 2001).

Many businesses deem interdisciplinary skills not as a "nice to have" but a "must have" these days. Humanities and arts graduates attract employers as they…. [read more]


Neolithic Agriculture Is so Pervasive Thesis

… One of those changes was the development of social hierarchies. The people in the community who accumulated more surplus, either from food products or from manufactured goods like baskets, became an elite class. The elite class took advantage of their increased power, and became political leaders. The political leaders took charge of the economic and political developments in the community, representing a tribe in times of conflict or in trading situations.

The Neolithic Revolution represented radical changes in technology and culture, transforming human society forever. The causes of the Neolithic Revolution are varied, but probably include climate change and environmental changes leading to scarcity; or increased competition due to increased human population growth. The development of alcohol might have been both a cause and an…. [read more]


Genome Project on Drug Design and Discovery Term Paper

… ¶ … Genome Project on Drug Design and Discovery

The advances that have been made due to the mapping of the human genome are substantial and along with this are substantial advances in medicine and most specifically in pharmacology. It was reported recently that "a further human homolog of ACE, referred to as ACE 2, was identified and shown to be an essential regulator of cardiac function. It differs from ACE in that it contains a sing zinc-binding catalytic domain, is a carboxypeptidase with preference for carboxy-terminal hydrophic or basic residues, and is not affected by ACE inhibitors." (Riordan, 2003) These ACE inhibitors are now the chosen treatment for treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction and myocardial infarction.

SEARCHING THE…. [read more]


Stem Cell the Recent Discovery Research Paper

… Pardal et. al (2003) presented a very simple and explicit comparison of how stem cells can be used effectively in treating cancer. Ultimately he realized that research could ultimately cure cancer" and it might be possible develop therapies are effective against metastatic disease" (p.901). Experts ultimately concluded that stem cell therapy will eventually be the most productive way of eliminating cardiac disorders. It is therefore obvious that this technology is useful and can contribute to humanity in a positive way.

THE MORALS AND ETHICS BEHIND STEM CELL RESEARCH

When does life begin? That is essentially what needs to be answered before stem cell research originating from embryos needs to be answered. "For those who believe the human embryo from the one cell stage onwards has…. [read more]


Arts and Humanities in Rosseau Essay

… Such a technique, whereby half of the sky represents storm clouds while the left of the sky represents the wilderness, is a subject that celebrates the power of nature and the pure American wilderness. This symbolism, "pure American wilderness" has a correlation to Rousseau's primitive nature of human beings. In that state, pureness described the human beings because they were innocent and knew only the language of nature until science came about. In the paintings, the right side represents a clear sky after a storm passes, and the neat tilled land depicts the influence of human behavior on the land (Rodriquez 63-73). This compares to Richard essay in that, after science revolution, the innovations worked well and brought about good things. However, the same way…. [read more]


African Athena Controversy Term Paper

… African Athena

Everyone who has gone to school has heard the term "Western Civilization;" but what exactly is it and from where did it originate. Western Civilization is the culture that has arisen in the territory known as Europe, as well as many of the regions of the world where Europeans either conquered or colonized, such as North America or Australia. And for the last hundred years or so, mainstream scholars have believed that it originated in Greece. But the question has arisen as to exactly how Ancient Greek civilization developed, specifically in the third and second millennia B.C.. Did Greek civilization arise independently in Greece, by Indo-Europeans (sometimes called Aryans) who migrated from the north, or did it develop as an offshoot of older…. [read more]


High Degree of Misinformation Essay

… Discuss the changes.

Prior to taking this course, in many ways I considered Christianity to be a static religion. I had not given thought to the notion that Christianity changed rapidly in the first few centuries of its practice. I noticed several critical changes in the practice of Christianity in the first century AD and its later practice. The first change was the idea of a Christ centered church with Jesus as the only leader. The second change was the idea of a church with multiple elders to focusing power on a single leader. The third change was the idea that church leadership should remain local to the shifting of power to leaders located away from the church's physical area. The fourth change was a…. [read more]


Illegal Firing Case Study

… Sexual Harassment and Discrimination

Anna has a valid claim against the school for sexual harassment by virtue of the unwanted touching of her body by Forester. Besides not taking any action against the offender, the school also allowed him to retaliate against her by assigning less desirable and onerous duties for rejecting his advances. Anna may have a valid claim against the school for allowing Forester to create a hostile work environment by virtue of age discrimination. Lisa may have a valid claim against the school for failing to accommodate her pregnancy as a temporary physical disability if by assigning less strenuous duties for which she was not qualified, her performance review suffered. If she (initially) suffered no damages as the result of being assigned…. [read more]


Culture and Society in the Age of the Scientific Revolution Essay

… Culture and Society in the Age of the Scientific Revolution

The scientific revolution did not happen all at once, nor did it begin at any set date. Realistically speaking, the scientific revolution that we associate with Galileo, Francis Bacon, and Isaac Newton, began much earlier. You can push the date back to the work of Nicolaus Copernicus at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Even then, you haven't included all the factors that contributed to the set of transformations of the world of knowledge that we call the scientific revolution (Hooker).

Nicolaus Copernicus: Copernicus (1473-1543) was the first major astronomer to challenge the Ptolemaic universe. His book did not revise Ptolemy's system, as all previous criticisms had, but rather challenged the fundamental assumption of the…. [read more]


Prescription, Nonprescription and Herbal Medicines Term Paper

… The effect of certain drugs on the enzymes in the liver must also be taken into consideration. Different sorts of drugs have a range of affects of the Cytochrome enzymes that exist in the liver. The drugs either induct or inhibit their performance these enzymes in the process of catalyzing other drugs. The effects of such activities are of particular importance in those patients that have been prescribed an assortment of drugs. The effect of a drug on the performance of an enzyme must be calculated in order to prescribe the proper dosage of the drug, so that it can be sufficiently be administered to the individual, who can receive it without having most of its quantity being reduced by reactions with enzymes in the…. [read more]


Alzheimer's Disease and Aging at What Age Term Paper

… Alzheimer's Disease And Aging

At what age do people start to get Alzheimer's?

Alzheimer disease (AD) usually does not start until around 65 years of age or older. It is characterized by gradually worsening dementia (forgetfulness) caused by cerebral atrophy (deterioration). It is the most common form of dementia. Fewer than 2% of families with AD have early-onset familial AD (EOFAD), in which symptoms occur before the age of 65 years. EOFAD only refers to families in which multiple cases of AD occur. Early onset may happen in the 40s or early 50s, although early onset in the 30s has been reported. Sixty-one percent of individuals with early-onset AD had a positive family history and thirteen percent affected individuals in three generations. EOFAD is not…. [read more]

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