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Agriculture and Less Developed Nations Term Paper

… Attitudes Towards Change

Undeveloped countries are many times resistant to change for a number of reasons. There is "cultural resistance; many of the cultivators are poor and extremely risk adverse, feeling the risks outweigh the gains; and many of the peasants are unable to afford new production technology (Cypher, 331-365)."

Hidden Potential and High-Yield Seeds

Many economists debate the argument that there is "hidden potential in the agricultural sector, due to the assumptions concerning the ineffectiveness of peasant cultivation (Cypher, 331-365)."

Many landowners hoped that using high-yield variety of seeds would reduce poverty in underdeveloped countries, however "peasants are being driven out of rural areas due to a drop in prices as crop supplies increase (Cypher, 331-365)." Another downside to these crops is they are…. [read more]

Agriculture in Italy Term Paper

… Agriculture in Italy

Agriculture Products and Sustainability of Agriculture in Italy

Agriculture is one of the oldest activities undergone by the humans in order to sustain life. And it was the primary source of food and income for the majority of individuals across the globe. However, with the industrial and technological revolutions, more and more people begun to work within factories or corporations and less interest was given to agricultural activities. But even so, the technological developments were also adapted and integrated within the processes of growing animals and working the land, agriculture remaining the primary source of foods in the modern society.

The capabilities of each country to grow their own agricultural products depend on various features, such as labor force, access to commodities…. [read more]

Agriculture and New Technologies Research Paper

… As of 2009, the total land area allotted for GM farming across the world stood at 134 million hectares. The total land used for GM farming in the developed nations was 75 million hectares while similar data for the developing world was 60 million hectares. The U.S. continues to be global leader with more than 64 million hectares used for GM farming. Next in line come Brazil (21.4), Argentina (21.3), India (8.4), Canada (8.2) etc. Corn and cotton continue to be the two leading GM crops across the world with more than 77% of all corn and 49% of all cotton derived from GM farms. [GMO Compass, (2010)] The following graph demonstrates the growing GM agriculture across the world.

Benefits of GM Crops

The benefits…. [read more]

Agriculture Exports, Thailand Essay

… BOI promotes investment in rural areas.


In 1979, with the support and encouragement of the RNAM, the Thai government established the National Committee for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) to formulate the mechanization policy and strategy. The cabinet approved the national mechanization policy and strategy prepared by NCAM in 1985. The government policy on agricultural mechanization is framed to limit public intervention in the productive and marketing sector and to leave ample prerogative to private individuals. The main features of this policy include mechanization supporting the development of the agricultural sector by increasing productivity, farm machinery being of good quality, of low price and suitable for the country's varying conditions, and standardization being promoted and organized. Then, in 1990, the cabinet approved NCAM's Agricultural Development Policy.…. [read more]

Agriculture and Genetically Modified Food in the Development of Third World Countries Pros and Cons Term Paper

… Agriculture and Genetically Modified Food in the Development of Third World Countries

The term genetically modified foods or GMOs (genetically-modified organisms) is used to describe agricultural crops and plants which are grown for both human and animal consumption, through the use of techniques from the science of molecular biology. The plants or crops are modified or 'genetically engineered' to enhance essential attributes which ostensibly improve their value and resistance to diseases. These improvements include increased resistance to pesticides and herbicides as well as improved nutritional content. (Genetically Modified Foods)

The traditional approach to improved crops and other agricultural products has been through the process of breeding. However this can be extremely time consuming and genetic modification is a technique that substantially improves this aspect. There…. [read more]

Importance of Agriculture in People's Lives Essay

… Agriculture in Daily Life

Though most of us are not faced on a daily basis with the realities of the agriculture industry, it still plays a huge part in our lives. With the rising price of oil likely to cause a continuing and sharper rise in food prices, the effects of the agriculture industry might son be felt even more sharply by the average American citizen (USDA). Agriculture provides us with our sustenance, whether or not we are always aware of this fact, and is therefore of immense importance not only to our happiness and well being, but even to the continued day-to-day operations of our society and civilization. Throughout much of 2008, food prices around the world fluctuated wildly as part of the early…. [read more]

Farmers Backbone Nation Supported Ensure Essay

… As the forces of globalization have intensified throughout the past recent decades, the export of agricultural products from efficient regions has intensified. This specifically meant that the agricultural sectors in the countries in which agriculture is not a comparative advantage have suffered additional damages. In this context, the federal institutions in the countries importing agricultural products have intensified their efforts in supporting the domestic agriculture efforts.

The most relevant example of federal support for agriculture has been constituted by the combination of tax incentives and barriers to imports. In essence, the local governments have financially supported the local farmers with tax incentives as well as other subsidies and these were aimed at increasing the national agricultural production and also at making the domestic products more…. [read more]

Sustainable Agriculture and Labor Conditions Research Paper

… Sustainable Agriculture

There are many aspects of sustainable farming. Not only does this include healthy foods grown, healthy farming practices and systems, but, furthermore, healthy working conditions on the farm. There are a number of solutions proposed on the international scale that have been discussed or even implemented, but in order to achieve true sustainability in agriculture, not only do healthier foods have to reach more people, but so to do farm workers need to be treated fairly.

First, the state of our food industry is in tatters. The quality of our food has reached dangerous levels. The Organic Center, a research institute designed to evaluate the science of organic food and farming, recently published its concerns for the state of the food industry and…. [read more]

Industrialized Agriculture Sustainability Thesis

… Industrialized Agriculture


We are what we reap: Sustainable vs. industrialized agriculture in America

What is commonly referred to a 'conventional' agriculture, or the type of industrialized farming that is the norm in America is actually a fairly recent development. Ironically, although conventionally practiced, conventional agricultural is anything but natural -- a better term might be mass-produced agriculture, as it is based on a similar profit model to the big food and restaurant corporations whose interests it serves. Conventional agriculture is characterized by mechanization, not simply in terms of harvesting, but also in the mechanical way even animals raised for food and dairy production are kept. It is characterized by monocultures, as a single crop is grown for profit, and the needs of the market…. [read more]

Vertical Farming in Singapore Research Proposal

… With vertical farming, we can also rule out the occurrence of poor harvests due to weather problems such as floods and drought (Venter 2010, P. 105). The production of the crop can also be done all year round as it is taking place in a controlled environment (Hopkins & Goodwin 2011, P. 228). This to a significant extent increases the quantity of the food produced since the seasons are eliminated. These are all steps towards the ultimate goal of producing enough food for the expanding population.

In the process of increasing production, vertical farming also serves to restore the balance in the natural ecosystem. It utilizes a system where water is constantly recycled (Venter 2010,P 106). This way, loss of water through runoff is avoided.…. [read more]

Attitudes Towards the Environment in the Developed Term Paper

… ¶ … Attitudes Towards the Environment in the Developed and Developing World

The objective of this work is to examine the differences in attitudes towards the environment in the developed and developing world.

The work of Riley E. Dunlap (1994) entitled: "International Attitudes Towards Environment and Development" relates: "Conventional wisdom holds that concern for the environment is limited to residents of the wealthy industrialized nations of the Northern hemisphere, as those who live in the poorer, Southern nations are assumed to be too preoccupied with economic survival to worry about environmental quality." Dunlap additionally states: "Conventional wisdom also holds the perceptions of the roots of the global environment 'problematique', and how it ought to be mitigated, differ drastically between residents of the economically advanced nations…. [read more]

Internalization of Fast Food Business Essay

… S. is busy and fast, due to which the home made prepared foods are not a common practice. This is one of the reasons that fast food industry within the country is so popular and widespread, where all the generations (regardless of their age) are inclined toward foods that are easily and quickly prepared. The fast food industry within the region of the United States is convenient that easily and quickly entertains the fast pace lifestyles of the American population (Schlosser, 2012).

Due to the increasing issue of obesity within the nation, people are shifting towards more healthy options, which have raised the need for more vegetarian food items. This evidently denotes that the population is giving more competition to the fast food industry (Schlosser,…. [read more]

Human Geography in Action (Textbook) Essay

… The developing world often sees this as another manifestation of colonialism: the developed world once again making former colonies serve its own needs, rather than their own. However, development can have profound, immediate negative consequences even for residents of poorer nations. Environmental degradation can lead to pollution of natural resources and an even poorer state of health for residents than currently exists. Workers labor under unsafe conditions in poorly-paid jobs and often seem to have little hope of bettering themselves in a material fashion in the developing world, even when there is Westernized industrialization.

A new path must be created. Developing world nations can be encouraged to invest in clean and green technology as a way of building their infrastructures. Ideally, both developing and developed…. [read more]

Animals and Their Place Inside Research Paper

… For example, one cannot have such cases as the head of the FDA being a former business man in favor of big companies. This is simply un-American, un-democratic and unfair towards the system which this nation has set up. If companies were to be better regulated, they should not be compromised from the inside. According to the film Food, Inc., few know about these kinds of things, that can go from affecting again, not just animals but also our society, thereby leading from a small snowball to a huge catastrophe.

Though companies must thrive on what they have built for themselves and though they should be appreciated in the spirit of Americanism and competition, it is also sad to note struggling local farmers, whose animals…. [read more]

Food Nation Term Paper

… It is this coziness that Schlosser blames for the worst aspects of the industry. Yet, I find it difficult to believe that the Democrats would make matters much better. This type of big business seems to be engrained in our communities.

A number of laws are being considered regarding the food system. These include food safety law regulations; fast-food obesity litigation and product liability in the food industry; bioterrorism concerns for food safety since 9/11; and the food safety concerns in the global food market and how these translate into legal issues effecting international trade, labeling, and the development of international food safety standards. Whether these regulations will get anywhere regardless of who is elected in November is unknown. Changes take time in the United…. [read more]

Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance Term Paper

… Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance

Prior to the Cooperative Crisis

Agriculture is a mark of civilization for the mankind.

It is beyond economy.

It is a part of our society, and a part of our culture." (Kittiampon)

Interview: Thailand...," 2000)

Cooperative Contentions

This researcher contends that in Thailand, an agricultural cooperative's business duties, when dealing with farmers may be divided into two primary scopes:

The first "scope" consists of the original idea founding the agricultural cooperative, focusing on money, in the realms of either savings or loans.

Another "scope," marketing needs to cover the dual aspects of marketing agricultural products, such as providing pertinent agricultural input to members and gathering members' products to resell.

The primary…. [read more]

Geographies of Global Change Term Paper

… Geographies of Global Change

(1.) Globalization may be understood as Christopherson describes it as a globally-scaled process involved in "the increased international flow of people, commodities, and information" (245). It involves the transformation of worldwide communication and information systems (e-commerce and e-marketing), as the editors of Geographies of Global Change mention, and it "transcends relations between states" so that it is a "trans-state" process dominated by flow rather than place (3). No one doubts that globalization has occurred, but its consequences are often contested. Globalization is sometimes justified on grounds that it brings increased prosperity, justice, development, equality of access to opportunities, and a better quality of life. However, such boons are not in evidence. On the contrary, polarization and inequality has resulted between rich…. [read more]

Global Warming and Decreased Crop Production Term Paper


This work in writing will make a review of the literature related to global warming and expected decreases in crop production. This subject is of particular interest due to the impact that decreases in crop production will have upon the entire world.

As global warming causes the Earth's average temperatures to rise, crop production will experience a decrease.


Various methods have been used in measuring the effect of climate change on agricultural crop production yield rates. Three approaches most commonly used in research are the: (1) crop yield analysis; (2) Spatial analysis; and (3) Agricultural systems analysis. (Smit, Ludlow, and Brklacich, 1988) the crop yield analysis makes estimation of the effects of alteration to environments upon the productivity…. [read more]

Genetically Modified (GM) Foods Term Paper

… Certainly, these new caveats bring more credence to the arguments of the critics of GM food aid to Africa.

Ultimately, the debate over whether genetically modified foods are harmful to human health or the environment will continue until there is convincing evidence on either side. To date, that evidence is unavailable, and the debate continues (New Scientist Editorial: End this phony war). As such, the specific debate whether African nations should accept U.S. GM food aid is also likely to be convincingly resolved given the absence of evidence about genetically modified foods.

It is important to note that the entire debate surrounding genetically modified foods in Africa must take into consideration some uniquely African problems. Importantly, Africa's desperate need to feed its large population is…. [read more]

Environmental Crime Thesis

… Environmental Crime

Economic globalization and the demanding competition it often creates in economies that were previously mostly local can potentially have devastating environmental effects. Additionally, it is also not uncommon to see these new globalized economies in places where resources are abundant, places where the last vestiges of resources exist that have not yet been depleted by human use or urban sprawl. Yet, economic globalization has the potential to change that, as individuals and groups seek to sell off or use resources to compete on a scale never before seen in their area. Because, according to the laws of supply and demand raw materials are rewarded less than finished goods, and many of these places are rich in raw goods, and land which is used…. [read more]

Food Prices Research Proposal

… ¶ … food prices over the past few years has been the result of several factors. Supply tightness increases volatility, so the high prices of the past few years indicate significant supply tightness in key variables. One of those variables is the supply of food itself. The supply of food has been adversely affected by demand for other agricultural cash crops. In the United States, for example, there has been a dramatic increase in demand for corn and soybeans. The spike in demand derives from increased biofuel demand. Corn and soybeans are converted into ethanol, which has been extensively promoted as a "green" solution to fossil fuel consumption. This demand reduces the supply of corn and soybeans available not only for food consumption, but for…. [read more]

Economic Factors of Slavery Term Paper

… Black Studies

The Economics of Slavery

The economics that led to slavery in the U.S. were complex, but the South had certain things that did not exist in the North that were the perfect breeding ground for slavery. Slavery had a huge impact on the nation, as history shows.

First and foremost, the South's economy was primarily based in agriculture, and extremely labor-intensive agriculture at that. The crops that were most successful in the South, such as tobacco and cotton, required extensive labor in the fields to plant, nurture, and harvest the crops. The importation of cheap, abundant labor was the only economically viable way to make these crops and their growers successful, and so, slavery made sense to the plantation owners who wanted to…. [read more]

Political Ecology: The World Food Research Paper

… Al, 2011). Also, the preparation of food has various techniques. Considering the type of food eaten, it is obvious that use of normal gas stove to microwave ovens alone with bar-b-q grills, is rather common for Melanders. Whereas, Natomos cook their food by burning wood which is very common in Mali?

By having a simple glance at the two pictures, one can easily observe that starting from procurement till final consumption, the eating habits of both the families who reflection of the areas they live in, are completely opposite to each other.

Also, it is quite easy to observe how there exist two global cultures; one which is a result of industrialization of food industry and the other is a consequence of simple poverty. The…. [read more]

Using Social Psychological Principles to Help Create a Sustainable Future Essay

… Social Psychological Principles to create a Sustainable Future

Social Psychology Principles for a Sustainable Future

Today more than ever before, societies around the globe are pressed with increasingly complex issues. Environmental, economical and social issues have reached a critical stage forcing us to seriously reconsider indiscriminate use and abuse of natural resources towards a sustainable development plan for the future. The agricultural sector in particular is under tremendous stress to cater to the demands of the population, which is growing at a phenomenal rate. Achieving technological efficiency in the farming sector is crucial in meeting this growing demand for food supplies. It must be said that technological innovations in agricultural practices have yielded a significant boost in productivity over the last few decades both in…. [read more]

Macro Environment Essay

… Macro Environment

NutriPower is a potential breakfast cereal product set for the Australian market. These products are focused on healthy eating, while enjoying the food flavour and range from regular flavour to fruit, nuts, coconut and vanilla. Given their healthy orientation, the products are lower in sugar content than the competitors on the market and higher on fibre and vitamins. Most of the cereal raw material is integral, using wheat and oats as the base for the final product. The product will be advertised as the healthy alternative to highly caloric breakfast options today on the market, emphasizing the role of nutritional content on the overall healthiness.

Analysing the macro-environment


According to (2009), Australia's index of economic freedom was ranked third in the…. [read more]

Human Eating Habits and Food Cultivation Research Paper

… Human Eating Habits and Food Cultivation for Sustainability

Changes must happen in both human eating habits and food cultivation if the human race is to survive

The paper gives a discussion on the need for change in human eating and food cultivation habits. It is observed that sustainability of the human race and life on the globe is threatened by, the way human beings cultivate and eat. The paper looks at human eating habits and cultivation methods and the extent they strain the earth. The continued expansion of human population is also a concern since there is no extra capacity for the globe to provide given the current depletion of resources. The paper recommends a redirection to consider sustainability and reservation of the globes capacity…. [read more]

Food Wars Place of Publication Book Review

… " This agreement may have been drawn up and agreed to in 1948, but it would do us good to review it and to remind ourselves of its importance. This is what Susan Waltz, in her article "Reclaiming and Rebuilding the History of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights," would have us do. Reviewing this document "indeed raises questions about great power support for efforts to craft international human rights standards," she writes (Waltz 437). Taken one step further, we can look to the work of Jack Donnelly. As he points out, in the UDHR "we can see a set of rights formulated to protect basic human -- not merely cultural -- values against the special threats posed by modern institutions" (Donnelly 415).

The urgency…. [read more]

Genetically Modified Foods Harmful or Helpful Research Paper

… Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?

Research proposal for finding out the usefulness and harmfulness of consumption of genetically modified foods

The usefulness and harmfulness of the consumption of genetically modified foods is a continuing debate. Genetically modified foods have been used to tackle the problem of food shortage due to the world's ever growing population. It leaves the question of whether there are other ways that can be used instead of the genetic modification of organisms to tackle the problem of food insecurity.

Statement of purpose

The main problem of this research is whether the consumption and production of genetically modified foods poses more harm than good to the people and other aspects of their social life. There are advantages which seem to tackle…. [read more]

Global and National Hunger Essay

… If people are to copy the eating habit of the American, then the food that is supplied currently will be able to accommodate just only 2.5 billion people or approximately half of the world population. But if we are to eat subsistence diet, getting the needed calories, then the recent annual food production will be able to feed 6 billion people. For example, consuming 5,000 daily calories while my neighbor do not have any, will make me lower my intake to about 2,500 daily calories which go with the normal needed 2,000 so that those who are not able to get can as well find the opportunity of getting. This is from the fact that America is a heavy consumer economy coupled with very poor…. [read more]

Environmental Problems in Latin America Term Paper

… Environmental Problems in Latin America

Latin America has been struggling with some serious environmental concerns over the last two decades. Air and water pollution, Pesticide abuse, Soil degradation, deforestation are some of the pressing issues in this part of the world. Let us discuss the case of Argentina and see how the country, which has been struggling through an economic crisis, has seen the bitter end of an environmental catastrophe, and its efforts at redeeming the situation. The drastic effects of GM crops cultivation (in particular GM Soya) and deforestation, the two most important environmental issues, would be assessed in this essay.

GM Soya (a boon or Bane

The initial economic benefits as well as the later environmental impact of GM cropping, is now a…. [read more]

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