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Albert Einstein: Historical and Scientific Icon Science Research Proposal

… Albert Einstein: Historical and Scientific Icon

Science and celebrity rarely coexist but somehow, with Albert Einstein, they found a way to live together and make the man just as iconic today as he was in his own day. Rarely do individuals live to see their impact upon society but Einstein lived to see how his theories could literally change the world in which he lived. While most people may not be able to explain Einstein's theories, they can identify the face of Einstein. While not everyone knows how Einstein's contributions to society work, almost everyone benefits from his knowledge. Historically, the man left a lasting impression on how we understand aspects of the universe. His ideas opened the door to more discoveries that have yet…. [read more]

Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill Research Paper

… In the 1920's, Einstein also took upon the construction of the unified field of theories, although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, and he persevered with this work in America. He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the quantum theory of a monatomic gas and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology (Paul. 1996).

Albert Einstein was a receiver of many honorary doctorate degrees in science, medicine and philosophy, from many recognized universities of Europe and America. The 1920's and 30's he gave many lectures in Europe, America and the Far East and was awarded fellowship and membership is almost all the universities he visited. He received awards for his…. [read more]

History Are Dotted Essay

… Wilbur and Orville Wright are credited with the discovery of sustainable manned flight. In their fields in Ohio, they worked tirelessly to perfect the methodologies that would later become the foundation of modern aviation. American innovation is known not just for the ability to create but the ability to market and this is one of the reasons that Henry Ford is remembered. As an eminent capitalist and creator, he developed the system of mass production and assembly line car manufacturing that has been a central part of the American economy for a century.

It seems part of human nature to value courage and hard work, which are two of the reasons that Muhammad Ali is a living legend. His long and storied career as a…. [read more]

Beowulf One of the Most Interesting Parts Essay

… Beowulf

one of the most interesting parts of the poem, both in terms of the relationship between the characters and the way the events are interconnected and through the relationship with Einstein's conception, as expressed in "Physics and Reality" is Beowulf's third and final battle, with the dragon. The storyline is simple: Beowulf has returned to his home and has become king and ruler there. A golden cup is stolen from the lair of a dragon by one of the slaves and Beowulf is forced to fight the dragon that threatens his people and kingdom. He benefits only from the help of Wiglaf and succeeds to kill the dragon, only to perish himself because of the wounds received in battle.

Before analyzing this specific moment…. [read more]

Nuclear Weapons and Physicists' Moral Choices Term Paper


The physicists instrumental in the design and development of the nuclear atomic bomb are certain to have held a certain level of pride in their accomplishment however it is just as certain that there must have been regret as well due to the potential for destruction, death and war that had been loosed into the hands of mankind for use in war.

The work of Horowitz (1998) states that "With the Manhattan Project...many physicists would redefine purity and thereby their relation to society." In other words, science and politics had become very much interactive and as stated by J.H. Rush in 1947: "Science had become politically interesting and scientists had become interest in politics." (as cited in Horowitz, 1998)…. [read more]

Human Beings Make Sense Essay

… Such alienation from the world and from nature is universal in modern society (May, p 54). May thought that the schizoid personality best typified the modern age of being "detached, unrelated, lacking in affect, tending toward depersonalization, and covering up…problems by means of intellectualization and technical formulations" (May, p. 56).

Individuals are not merely abnormal but isolated and alienated from society, with a sense of disconnectedness of the type portrayed in film noir. Ever since the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment, the Western world has had a "passion to gain power over nature" rather than be part of it (May, p. 57). For the existentialist psychotherapist, "the problem is not at all that these patents have endured impoverished pasts, it is rather that cannot or do…. [read more]

William James Was a Prominent Term Paper

… Besides being able to be classified as an "eminent" psychologist, can James also be classified as a figure that fits the Zeitgeist, or the spirit of the times? One can try to classify James in this way simply by comparing James' work to that of other prominent authors and philosophers of his time.

James lived in the Modernist era. During this era, authors, artists and philosophers were all struggling to disprove the notions of Romanticism and Classicism. This is made evident by the sarcastic way in which T.E. Hulme, a prominent Modernist author, describes Romanticism. "You might say if you wished that the whole of the romantic attitude seems to crystallize in verse round metaphors of flight...[one] is always flying, flying over abysses, flying up…. [read more]

Tonight We Are Meeting Term Paper

… Tonight we are meeting to discuss why your child or children in this community in general are studying the humanities, or what can be distinguished as art, literature, philosophy, classical studies, history, religious studies, and history of science. In fact, you are here because you are an intellectual being who gives thought to education and to the needs of children. That makes you human and differentiates you from all other animals. At risk of sounding obvious, humans distinguish themselves because they produce, participate in or encourage the humanities.

Appreciation of the humanities stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried…. [read more]

Sagan's Argument in the Demon Haunted World Term Paper

… ¶ … Demon-Haunted World

Lighting the Candle: Argument Analysis

What tools are available to sort through a world rife in delusion, half-truths, and undeniable mystery? Should one trust scholarship, faith, or even one's own eyes to discover that which lies beneath veiled agendas perpetrated upon a gullible public? Is there a method by which one might become reasonably educated? Carl Sagan, a Pulitzer Prize winner and author of numerous works, argues in favor of the scientific approach to knowledge. Sagan, in his book, the Demon-Haunted World, successfully establishes his claim that science and its accompanying approach to reasoning is the only way that mankind can hope for long-term survival. He uses his book to build his case. What elements of argument does Sagan use to…. [read more]

Loner in Me Thesis

… I guess I've discovered that being alone isn't as bad as some people seem to think, and I'm at home with myself.

I once read that many famous and successful people are only children, such as Lance Armstrong, Laura Bush, Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Robin Williams, and Charles Lindbergh, so I'm in some very good company. Sometimes, I feel as if I can do great things too, just as many of them have. I hope that's true.

In high school, I tended to stay to myself. I wasn't the most popular kid, but I did have a close circle of friends -- we're still friends today, in fact. I tend to hang on to the people who are important to me. Only children do…. [read more]

Social Constructionism and Historiography Research Paper

… [footnoteRef:16] Writing from a Soviet Marxist point-of-view, Boris Hessen claimed that Newton's science was a part of the capitalist revolution in the 17th Century and developed to meet the economic and military needs of the new bourgeois elites.[footnoteRef:17] Hessen and Merton could in fact be considered the founders of the externalist school in scientific historiography, with the central thesis that science is socially constructed by outside political, economic and cultural influences rather than the internalist school and its argument that science progresses due mainly to the genius of the great innovators like Newton and Einstein. [13: Helge Kragh. An Introduction to the Historiography of Science. Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 18.] [14: Kragh, p. 27.] [15: Kragh, p. 28.] [16: Robert Merton. The Sociology of…. [read more]

Manhattan Project Term Paper

… This is seen when the author explains that at the time that the bomb was built war was a constant though in peoples minds. He explains that from the point-of-view of the 20th century readers the book may seem morbid, but at the time the building of the bomb was seen as a necessary evil. According to the book the scientists involved in the development of the atomic bomb,

Signing on to invent and craft new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness may seem bloodthirsty from today's long perspective of limited war and nuclear truce. Those were different times...The death tolls had accumulated into the millions. There was reason to believe that the Germans might be at work on an atomic bomb, might even be ahead in…. [read more]

Hawking, Stephen William. The Universe Book Report

… (41)

Professor Hawking also attempts to add levity and an added literary flair to what could be dry, technical matters. These also serve to show his erudition as a man with an interest in subjects beyond the purely scientific realm. For instance, the title of the book comes not from science but from Shakespeare's Hamlet, who says, "I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself king of infinite space." Hawking even talks about his appearance on the television show "Star Trek: Next Generation" where he won at poker with Einstein, an example of his challenging the old masters with some of his theories that build upon the dimensionality of the universe and Einstein's theories of relativity.

Hawking also tries to make his theories…. [read more]

Black Holes Astronomy Encompasses Vast Topics Term Paper

… Black Holes

Astronomy encompasses vast topics and includes many subjects. Among these subjects is the area of study involving black holes. Although there has been a great deal of research concerning this subject, there are still many factors concerning black holes that are still unknown. The purpose of this disccusion is to explain the phenomenon of black holes and how the theory of the black hole evolved. Let us begin this discussion by providing a definition for black holes.

What are black holes?

Hawkins (1998) explains that Black holes are theoretical articles that symbolize the eventual state of collapsed matter. The author explains that In principle they may be of any mass, but there are certain mass ranges where we believe conditions can easily arise…. [read more]

Learning Theories Research Proposal

… Learning Theories

Abstract, Learned Phenomena

Unlearned Phenomena

Methods of Assessing Learning

Transfer of Knowledge, Skills, Strategies

Vygotsky Views

B.F. Skinner

Albert Bandura

Cognition and Learning

Prominent Theories of Learning

Contextual Influences

Strategies and Metacognition

Self-Regulation in Learning


Having knowledge of learning theories and is an imperative in today's teaching environment. This paper introduces, critiques and reviews a number of learning theories and strategies from some well-known and some not-so-well-known scholars and educators. But the key to the issue of learning theories is for a teacher (and a student that is truly motivated) to implement any one or a blend of several to meet the appropriate classroom challenge.

Instances of Learned Phenomena:

In music, when a person achieves an "absolute pitch" that is a learned…. [read more]

Doctrine of the Holy Trinity Thesis

… The first was a work entitled On the Errors of the Trinity, which would arouse tremendous concern among the more orthodox Reformation theologians. Servetus begins with an elaborate show of piety, with his concerns for establishing a view of the "true Christ":

In investigating the holy mysteries of the divine Triad, I have thought that one ought to start from the man; for I see most men approaching their lofty speculation about the Word without having any fundamental understanding of Christ, and they attach little or no importance to the man, and give the true Christ quite over to oblivion. But I shall endeavor to recall to their memories who the Christ is. However, what and how much importance is to be attached to Christ,…. [read more]

History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]

Manhattan Project Term Paper

… Manhattan Project

The development of the first atomic bomb represents a reference point in recent American history. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have given rise to numerous controversies as to the development and use of this kind of weapons. Scientists and common citizens alike have wondered about the creation, usage and effect of these bombs on the world at large.

Scientific experiments undertaken in the 1930s generated the conclusion that fission (the procedure resulting in the splitting of the atom) was possible. With this great scientific discovery came the speculation that a bomb could be created as a result of a chain reaction under a particular set of circumstances. In order to understand in what way the Manhattan Project was proof of American exceptionalism,…. [read more]

Time Travel Fiction and Reality Term Paper

… This is more so the case given the already mentioned fact that time (inside the spaceship) would drag as the space ship approaches the speed of light.

It is clear from the discussion above that there is a clear disconnect between the fictitious perception of time travel and its factual account. For instance, as has been depicted in the two movies highlighted elsewhere in this text, time travel appears to be a relatively easy and doable undertaking that would require only a sophisticated ( and in some cases stationery) machine. Nothing could be further from the truth. Taking into consideration the sheer complexity and immensity of the time travel theories highlighted above, only one question lingers: will time travel ever be possible at some…. [read more]

Humanities in Western Civilization Term Paper

… Humanities in Western Civilization

The human condition is a complex field - one that in fact requires many different fields of knowledge. The different fields of knowledge that take for their object of study what it means to be human are collectively referred to as "the humanities." The humanities are nothing new - they form an integral part of civilization as it has developed in the western world. The humanities are distinguished from other, more scientific fields of knowledge, in that they do not make use of empirical means of investigation. Rather, they tend to employ methods that are analytical, speculative, and/or critical. In what follows, we will explore the many facets of the humanities and show how the humanities have been integral to western…. [read more]

American Religious History Defining Fundamentalism Essay

… This split became official in 1942 when the National Association of Evangelicals broke formally with the National Council of Churches (McKenna 233). Liberals often tried the drive them out of the mainline Protestant churches, claiming that fundamentalists were "destroying Christianity by their refusal to make it compatible with the findings of modern science and their intolerance for dissenting views" (McKenna 231). Unlike today, Princeton Theology Seminary was a hotbed of conservatism and fundamentalism in the early-20th Century, under the leadership of John Gresham Machen. In his famous sermon "Liberalism and Christianity," Machen denied that liberalism could be Christian at all given that it was purely concerned with the material and natural world rather than the "awful transcendence" of God (Longfield 27). Clarence Edward Macartny denounced…. [read more]

Nazi Germany and the Atomic Bomb Abstract Term Paper

… Nazi Germany and the Atomic Bomb

Abstract/Overview- With all the power in the Nazi regime, why were they unable to produce a successful nuclear program? Fortunately for the Allied forces, German efforts were a huge failure, as the United States was the first nation to drop an atomic bomb. Germany could have been successful; they had both the resources and the personnel, but instead put too much energy and resources into their rocket project and evicted some of the greatest scientific minds out of Germany into Allied hands.

There is a great body of research to lend information on such an examination. The current body of resources was acquired through the use of the online scholarly databases, Questia and JSTOR. The main key words used…. [read more]

Atomic Bomb Term Paper

… ¶ … Atomic Bomb and the Deciding Event in Persuading the United States to Pursue Development of Nuclear Weapons

The following research study is conducted through a qualitative review of literature relating to the Manhattan Project and the atomic bomb developed and use in World War II against Japan. Japan was a formidable enemy in that the Japanese were very gung ho and did not care nor see any value in compromise and it is the failure of the Japanese to attempt to compromise so that the war and the associated deaths could be ended as well that resulted in the United States making use of the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb development program was top secret therefore the program had been compartmentalized to lessen…. [read more]

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