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Alcoholic Liver Disease Essay

… This is in combination with enteral nutrition as a suitable preference to corticosteroids in a patient with alcoholic severe hepatitis. Pentoxifylline or PTX was demonstrated to improve the condition of a patient with alcoholic hepatitis through the down regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. At the same time, it possesses antibiotic effects that respond to disease severity. Furthermore, it asserts antifibriotic effects by enhancing both profibrogenic cytokine and procollagen effects. And lastly, it reduces mortality by reducing the incidence of hepatorenal syndrome by improving renal microcirculation and hemodynamic mechanism (Frazier).

If the patient is a chronic heavy drinker, he is likely to suffer from other disorders related to drinking (Makdissi & Stewart, 2013). A chronic heavy drinker consumes at least 50-60 grams of alcohol daily. These disorders…. [read more]

Disease Control and Prevention Essay

… Others may choose to find out more about the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta or in their own locale. The CDC website offers a dearth of information regarding how to contact, when to contact, why to contact, and where to contact. The CDC is, after all, an agency that was developed to serve the public -- and the public is what is at the heart of its interest.


In conclusion, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a federal agency under the umbrella of the Department of Health that serves to better public health. With headquarters located in Greater Atlanta, the CDC has grown over the past 60 years from a small agency dedicated to stopping the spread of one…. [read more]

Oral Health and Heart Disease Research Paper

… The study consisted of 10 monozygotic twin pairs, with one twin presenting with coronary heart disease and one twin an absence of heart disease. All the subjects underwent detailed dental examinations including radiographic imaging, as well assessments of teeth, gums, and soft tissue health, hygiene, measurement of periodontal pocket depth, and bleeding upon probing. Results indicated that twins with coronary heart disease demonstrated significantly more symptoms of periodontal disease than twins without heart disease, while no significant difference was found for any other factors including marital status, smoking, employment, education, income, or body mass index (Tabrizi et l., 2007). Furthermore, a shared genetic factor may be considered to be less likely of a confounding variable in the association between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease based…. [read more]

Heart Disease and the Elderly Essay

… " (Young, nd) In the elderly silent heart attacks occur without the well-known crushing pain or pressure and may present in the form of heartburn, shortness of breath, fainting or confusion and sometimes with no symptoms at all.

Age related changes in the heart include the following:

Decreased Heart Rate Response

Longer P-R Intervals

Right Bundle Branch Block

Increased Atrial Ectopy

Increased Ventricular Ectopy

Altered Diastolic Function

Aortic Sclerosis

Annular Mitral Calcification (Schwartz, 1999)

Cardiovascular Disease related changes include:

Sinus Pauses

Second and Third Degree AV Block

Left Bundle Branch Block

Atrial Fibrillation

Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia

Decreased Systolic Function (Ejection Fraction)

Aortic Stenosis, Aortic Regurgitation

Mitral Regurgitation, Stenosis Systolic Hypertension Diastolic Hypertension (Schwartz, 1999)

VI. Treatment of Heart Attacks in the Elderly

The treatment of…. [read more]

Cardiovascular System 10 Diseases With Symptoms and Treatment Essay

… Cardiovacular System: 10 Diseases With Symptoms and Treatment

There are many different types of heart diseases. As such, there is a variety of symptoms that pertain to these diseases. Still, some diseases share the same symptoms and the same basic types of treatment. Others, however, have distinct symptoms and forms of treatment.

The principle symptom associated with coronary heart disease is chest pain. Other symptoms include a heart attack. Essentially, coronary heart disease results from a blockage of the coronary arteries. There are a variety of forms of treatment for this condition, which vary in efficacy due to the specific symptoms a patient endures and the stage of this disease in which he or she is in. Lifestyle changes can treat this condition, and include…. [read more]

Alcohol Poisoning Essay

… Negative Effects of Alcohol Poisoning:

Alcohol poisoning is considered as a fatal condition that is caused by drinking excessive amounts of alcohol in a short period of time. However, this condition is also associated with other negative effects including & #8230;

Ineffective Functioning of the Body:

As previously mentioned, a person's blood alcohol concentration increases as he/she consumes more alcohol, which is absorbed into the bloodstream. The higher the blood alcohol concentration level, the more the severity of its effects on body functioning. One of the major negative effects of alcohol poisoning is ineffective functioning of the body because alcohol affects nerves that control the body's automatic functions or actions like breathing. Since alcohol depresses these nerves, more consumption will ultimately stop involuntary actions and…. [read more]

Alcohol Abuse Essay

… Alcohol Abuse

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2013), the numbers of deaths in the United States alone per year resulting from alcohol, including deaths classified as accidents and homicides, is 25,692. An additional 15,990 people die from alcohol-related liver diseases per year (CDC, 2013). The numbers do not include alcohol-related injuries, such as those that were incurred by one of the passengers that Nicole Baukas hit after consuming 17 shots and four beers over the course of five hours. After her binge at a Spring, Texas bar called On the Rox, Baukus remarkably drove her car and ended up driving on the wrong side of a highway and colliding with a vehicle containing three people. Two of those people are…. [read more]

Diseases and Risk Factors Essay

… 2) Therapies that involve high use of chemicals and radiation should be minimized at all costs.

3) It is beneficial to ensure that I obtain children at the right age, which is at the bracket of 25-30 years.


Diabetes: it is a type of metabolic disease that affects the level of sugar in the body. In this case, the individual suffers from high levels of sugar that are a result of insulin imbalances. There are two types of diabetes.

Diabetes type 1: this results from a low level of insulin hormone in the blood. An individual cannot balance sugar levels.

Diabetes type 2: this type results from poor response to insulin. In this case, the body is termed resistant to insulin thus cannot control…. [read more]

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counseling Essay

… The professional strengths that I have acquired and have seen counselors make use of their field of practice are elaborated in the following paragraphs. Meanwhile, for professional growth it is important that professionals should analyze the limitations pertaining to the field of practice.


When I make an analysis of the professional strengths related to the field of counseling I find that if a counselor has the ability to make effective cognitive interventions, it can be one of his or her most valued professional strength. Many accomplished counselors like Iwona (2012) believe that if you have the ability to make cognitive interventions, you will be able to modify the thoughts as well as the drug-related beliefs of the clients as well.

Being warm, non-judgmental and…. [read more]

Epidemiology Sexual Transmitted Diseases Thesis


Epidemiology-sexual transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases: Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention

Sexually transmitted diseases: Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention

Primary: Health promotion and specific prevention strategies

Despite the increased publicity regarding the role of condom use in the prevention of sexually-transmitted diseases, there are an estimated 19 million new STD infections in the United States every year. "In 2006, more than 45,000 (of 56,300) new cases of HIV / AIDS have been attributed to sexual transmission; in addition, more than 1 million cases of Chlamydia and 355,991 cases of gonorrhea were reported in 2007" (Scott-Sheldon et al. 2009, p.1). Ignorance of how to prevent STDs with condoms is one, but not the only cause of these sobering statistics: "Patients in STD clinics often report…. [read more]

Cirrhosis Liver Disease Term Paper

… Cirrohsis (liver Disease)


When liver tissue is damaged by infection, toxin or ailment, it leads to a scarring called Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is not reversible and is dangerous and it cannot be treated. Diseases of the liver can be instigated by hepatitis, some inherited diseases and alcoholism and in most of the cases, no indications exist for these diseases. Fatty liver refers to liver cells enlarged with fat globules and water and is produced due to too much drinking; this ultimately leads to liver disease, cirrhosis and that of liver failure. (Healthy Steps for Healthy Men) Persistent severe liver diseases lead to scarring of the liver and liver dysfunction. This frequently has many complexities, inclusive of buildup of fluid in the abdomen, bleeding ailments, enhanced…. [read more]

Disease Known as Gout, Including Its Symptoms Term Paper

… ¶ … disease known as "Gout," including its symptoms, diagnosis, causes and risk factors, prevention and treatment.

Symptoms: Gout is a common form of arthritis (inflammation of the joints) which is characterized by severe pain, swelling, stiffness, and redness in the affected joint.1 Tenderness of the affected area is another symptom of the disease and at times even a blanket touching the skin over the affected joint can be unbearable.2 In acute gout attacks, patients can also develop fever. Gout usually affects one or two joints of the feet or the ankle at a time; most commonly the ball joint of the big toe. The first attack of gout typically occurs suddenly and then disappears, often without treatment within a few hours, days, or weeks,…. [read more]

Alzheimer's Disease Howenstine, J.A. ) Research Paper

… Alzheimer's Disease

Howenstine, J.A. (2010) How to heal Alzheimer's disease. Townsend Letter 321: 78-85

This is a peer-reviewed 15-page article by James a. Howenstine, MD, a board-certified specialist in internal medicine, who is convinced that natural therapies are more effective, safer, and less expensive than pharmaceutical drugs for Alzheimer's disease treatment. The report includes a list of the items that can destroy the myelin sheath surrounding neurons, and thus greatly increase the risk of being a victim of Alzheimer's disease in one's lifetime. These items can have an effect on a person's neurology from childhood on. Howenstine argues that Alzheimer's is a disease of advanced civilization, and there are technological advancements in modern-day society that have furthered its prevalence. One of these technologies is electric…. [read more]

Communicable Disease Research Proposal

… Communicable Disease

Epidemiology has been defined as the study of the allocation and determinants of disease and injury in human populations. Epidemiologist study the differences of disease in relation to age, sex, race, occupational and social characteristics, place of residence, susceptibility, exposure to specific agents or other pertinent characteristics. Also of concern are the chronological distribution of disease, the examination of trends, cyclical patterns and intervals between exposure to causal factors and onset of disease (Welcome to the Department of Epidemiology, 2009)

The scope of this field ranges from the study of the causes of disease to the control and prevention of disease and distribution of health resources. It should be emphasized that epidemiology focuses on health problems in regards to population groups rather than…. [read more]

Epidemiology and Breaking Communicable Diseases Essay

… (Sidney S. Spivak Program in Applied Social Research and Social Policy, 2005, paraphrased)

Part B

This study seeks to answer how communicable diseases can be broken at a link within the communicable disease chain and if there are steps that a nurse can take to facilitate this process. It is reported that disease control measures can be used as a method of "breaking the links to the chain of disease transmission." (, 2013, p.1) In the event that one of the links in the chain is broken and "disease will not occur." (, 2013, p.1) Each infection chain for a specific disease generally has at least one link that is more vulnerable and easier to break than the other links. (, 2013, paraphrased) Methods of…. [read more]

Heart Disease (CAD: Coronary Artery Term Paper

… Patients' reaction to stress causes high blood pressure increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and cardiac arrest. The issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association reported that Japanese women who are highly stressed are at double risk of heart disease-related deaths compared to those with low levels of stress (Journal Report, 2002).

Prevention Strategies

Some of the methods doctors recommend to reduce the risk of heart diseases are:

Weight loss - Obesity is among the diseases that is considered a risk factor in heart diseases. Thus, weight loss may lessen fats in the body, minimizing the possibility of developing heart diseases.

Smoking Cessation

Balanced and Healthy Diet - good eating habits reduces the development of diseases.

Treatment Options

To recover or prevent…. [read more]

Cardiovascular Diseases' Is an Umbrella Essay

… Thus in such a case, responding to the emerging cardiovascular disease symptoms becomes a challenge.

Another reason why individuals in low income countries are more likely to die from CVDs has got to do with nutrition transition. As Reddy and Yusuf (1998) note, availability of affordable vegetable oils and fats across the globe has resulted into an increase in the consumption of fat among countries considered low-income. According to the authors, another factor which also continues to play a pivotal role in this trend is food production and marketing globalization which in turn brings about an increase in the consumption of foods rich in energy but having minimal dietary fiber.

Lastly, a recent theory branded the "fetal origins hypothesis" could further explain adult CVD deaths…. [read more]

Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease When Atheromatous Term Paper

… Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease

When atheromatous plaques accumulate within the coronary artery walls, the end result is usually coronary artery disease (CAD). The affected coronary arteries supply both nutrients and oxygen to the myocardium. In this text, I discuss the pathophysiology of CAD.

The Pathophysiology of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)


The risk factors of CAD according to Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2007) include excessive alcohol intake, diabetes, inadequate vegetable and fruit consumption, hypertension, cigarette smoking and old age. Other risk factors include but are not limited to lack of physical exercise and C-reactive protein (Marshal Cavendish Corporation 2007).


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), since the 1960s, the incidence of CAD has been on a steady decline in the…. [read more]

Death and Disease Analysis for California Research Paper

… Healthcare

Death and Disease Analysis for California

Cancer is a large collection of diseases that are distinguished by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. If the disease is not controlled or kept in check, it consequences in death. However, many cancers can be cured if detected and treated quickly, and a lot of others can be prevented by lifestyle changes, particularly by avoiding tobacco use. Between 1988 and 2009, California saw overall cancer occurrence rates decrease by 11%. In this same time period, mortality rates went down by 23%. However, it is still estimated that in 2012 144,800 Californians will be diagnosed with cancer. This is equal to more than 16 new cases every hour of every day. It is estimated that 55,415 people…. [read more]

Alcohol Disease Term Paper

… Alcoholism as a Disease

Throughout many parts of the world, alcoholic consumption is often a part of social gathering like picnics, graduations, sporting events, and many more. Alcohol consumption is a risky behavior because of health and social situations caused by intoxicating, toxic, and dependence-producing entity (World Health Organization, 2011). People who drink a large amount of alcohol are susceptible to chronic illnesses over a number of years; the use of alcohol is also related to an increased risk of acute health conditions, such as bodily injuries, including traffic accidents (World Health Organization, 2011). The World Health Organization (WHO) states that "the harmful use of alcohol results in 2.5 million deaths each year, 320,000 young people between the ages of 15 and 29 die from…. [read more]

Effects of Alcohol on the Human Body Research Paper

… Alcohol consumption is the most widely acknowledged harmful factor of the human body, and a primary cause for illness, disability and mortality. Indeed, its negative impact on a global level was found by World Health Organization in 2009 to be surpassed only by unsafe sex and childhood underweight status, yet it exceeded in prevalence the incidence of common risk factors such as tobacco use, unsanitary water, high cholesterol or hypertension (Rehm, 2011).

This paper's purpose it to outline the known scope of physical effects of alcohol on human body parts, with special focus on research directions from the last five years' span. In this recent light, the present work describes the relationship between alcohol, organs, immunity, and infectious diseases, together with the issue of alcohol…. [read more]

Alcohol and Its Effects on the Body Term Paper

… Alcohol and Its Effects on the Body

Alcohol is a legal substance, but the fact that it is legal does not mean that it cannot have harmful effects on the body. Some alcoholic beverages have proven to be beneficial in small quantities. However, overconsumption of alcohol can have some serious and harmful effects on the body. We know that drinking alcohol and driving is against the law because too much alcohol can impair a person's judgement as well as physical coordination. These effects are usually temporary since once the effects of the alcohol wears off, the person returns back to normal with improved judgement and physical coordination. The long-term use of alcohol can have serious health effects on a person. Some of which are: liver…. [read more]

Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms Literature Review

… ¶ … Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression

Depression and anxiety are related to cognitive as well as psychological impairments. Both these disorders not only affect the life of the ones suffering from it, but also that of the people in the surrounding. Similarly, alcoholism is also another multifaceted social and health concern. It has been well-documented that alcohol abuse has inflicted every part of the world with problems ranging from relationship, health and social problems (Newlin, 2010). The roots of alcohol consumption can be dated back to the times human history originated. There exist numerous ancient literatures and scriptures that indicate the use of alcohol as medicinal compound (Liu, 2011). However, alcoholism has passed down from generation to generation as a social…. [read more]

Alcohol Abuse Is a Condition Essay

… As stated above the prognosis for this case is good given the information that we have. The patient should be amenable to education and should be motivated to change; however, if we find that we are faced with a frank dependence syndrome and encounter resistance we can alter the format our plan slightly and be more firm in our education and recommendations. The goal is to work with the patient's needs (better health, need to contribute and learn) and her capabilities (intelligence and desire to improve) in order to assist her to make a healthy lifestyle choice. Successful treatment in helping patients reduce behaviors that can lead to complications with health often involves a gentle combination of education and direction (Heyman, 1996). An approach that…. [read more]

Drugs and Alcohol Issues Essay

… Meanwhile, other people become obese or obsessed with computer gaming or alcoholics. There appear to be genetic components to addictive behavior because it is often evident in different generations within families.

However, addiction is probably more of a dysfunctional behavior pattern and the product of various coping attempts of individuals through the wrong means. A person who discovers that drinking dulls the pain of some emotional issue may begin drinking more and more because of that reward. Another person may find emotional solace in eating sugary deserts or doughnuts. They may also exchange one addiction for another. But, in those cases, their addiction occurred as a specific result of the underlying issues and not because the person was necessarily afflicted with a disease of addiction.…. [read more]

Alcohol and Alcoholism by Definition Thesis

… Alcohol and Alcoholism

By definition, alcohol "is a legal depressant... obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrates by yeast or distillation. There are many different types of alcohol, but ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is the type that is generally used to make alcoholic beverages," such as wine, beer and whiskey ("Alcohol," Internet). In chemistry terms, alcohol, in this instance ethyl alcohol, is a compound "derived from a hydrocarbon by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with an equal number of hydroxyl radicals" and is classified as either monohydric, dihydric or trihydric (Glanze, 2003, p. 39). It should be pointed out that most alcoholic beverages like wine and beer usually contain less than 15% alcohol, while beverages like whiskey, gin and vodka generally contain more than 40% alcohol.…. [read more]

Alcohol I Began My Research Term Paper

… For example, in many countries that have lower rates of binge drinking than the United States, children have sips of wine with dinner or learn how to drink in moderation by the time they are teenagers. This moderation approach prevents what some call the "forbidden fruit" mentality. A forbidden fruit mentality means that the person who is denied alcohol as a "forbidden fruit" will be more likely to binge on that substance because it has added allure. This is what seems to be happening in the United States, where the cultural norms and laws against alcohol are too strict and prevent people from learning healthy drinking behaviors. If drinking in moderation has been proven to be healthy, then shouldn't researchers and policy makers be focusing…. [read more]

Alcohol Consumption Actually Depresses the Central Nervous Term Paper

… Alcohol consumption actually depresses the central nervous system, and although it is not a stimulant, individuals who drink alcohol appear stimulated, as speech become free and animated and social inhibitions become lax (Dunlap). However, the occurrence of these effects are due to the fact that alcohol affects the parts of the brain that control judgment, thus the "stimulation" that occurs with alcohol consumption is basically due to a depression of self-control (Dunlap). Depending on what type of alcohol, how much and how quickly an individual consumes the drink, alcohol slows down brain activity, resulting in slurred speech, slowed reaction time, impaired vision and hearing, impaired thinking and memory, and muscle weakness (Dunlap).

Although alcohol is classified as a food, it is not digested but rather…. [read more]

Alcohol and Highway Safety Vehicle Research Paper

… 2003). The participants were full-time students of four-year colleges in 39 States and a nationally representative sample. They were selected at random to reply to self-administered questionnaires. Findings revealed that drinking and driving are prevalent among a minority of the participants. Drinking and driving behaviors differed a lot among sub-groups. Students who attend colleges in States, which enforce more restrictions over under-aged drinking, high-volume consumption and sale of alcoholic drinks, and use more resources to impose drunk driving laws, report less drinking and driving (Wechsler et al.).

Super Drunk Laws in Lansing, Michigan

An average of 6 drivers a day for more than 17 months since the laws went into effect have been convicted (Martindale 2012). The laws took off almost 3,000 "super drunk" drivers…. [read more]

Alcohol and Cigarette Advertising Term Paper

… Alcohol and Cigarette Advertising

Alcohol and tobacco are among the most heavily advertised products within the media industry, including magazine, newspaper, broadcast, and outdoor advertising (Pfleger Pp). According to a 2001 report, the six major tobacco companies spend approximately $6 billion annually on advertising and promotion in the United States alone (Pfleger Pp). Measured media is roughly $800 million a year for beer, $321 million for liquor, and $120 million for wine, and if sponsorships and promotions were added, these numbers would likely increase (Pfleger Pp). Despite legislation to curb tobacco and alcohol advertising, especially to youths, the companies are still getting their messages across to their targets.

Following the broadcast ban on tobacco advertising in 1971, magazines have become an important medium for tobacco…. [read more]

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