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Alcohol Abuse Essay

… Alcohol Abuse

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2013), the numbers of deaths in the United States alone per year resulting from alcohol, including deaths classified as accidents and homicides, is 25,692. An additional 15,990 people die from alcohol-related liver diseases per year (CDC, 2013). The numbers do not include alcohol-related injuries, such as those that were incurred by one of the passengers that Nicole Baukas hit after consuming 17 shots and four beers over the course of five hours. After her binge at a Spring, Texas bar called On the Rox, Baukus remarkably drove her car and ended up driving on the wrong side of a highway and colliding with a vehicle containing three people. Two of those people are…. [read more]

Alcohol and Cigarette Advertising Term Paper

… Alcohol and Cigarette Advertising

Alcohol and tobacco are among the most heavily advertised products within the media industry, including magazine, newspaper, broadcast, and outdoor advertising (Pfleger Pp). According to a 2001 report, the six major tobacco companies spend approximately $6 billion annually on advertising and promotion in the United States alone (Pfleger Pp). Measured media is roughly $800 million a year for beer, $321 million for liquor, and $120 million for wine, and if sponsorships and promotions were added, these numbers would likely increase (Pfleger Pp). Despite legislation to curb tobacco and alcohol advertising, especially to youths, the companies are still getting their messages across to their targets.

Following the broadcast ban on tobacco advertising in 1971, magazines have become an important medium for tobacco…. [read more]

Alcohol and Drug Policies at Drexel Essay

… Alcohol and Drug Policy in Drexel

Drug and alcohol policy

I like where the paper ends up . . . As I see it you're arguing that the current system at Drexel treats drugs and alcohol as fundamentally different problems, and that this crude distinction leads to misperceptions: 1) that alcohol isn't really as serious a concern as it should be, but also 2) that some drugs are realistically worse than others. An approach that labeled all of them as "drugs" but treats them on a sliding scale from least to most offensive would help to remedy both issues.

I like that idea, but it seems like very little in the paper leads us there. When you're arguing for a policy change like this it…. [read more]

Alcohol I Began My Research Term Paper

… For example, in many countries that have lower rates of binge drinking than the United States, children have sips of wine with dinner or learn how to drink in moderation by the time they are teenagers. This moderation approach prevents what some call the "forbidden fruit" mentality. A forbidden fruit mentality means that the person who is denied alcohol as a "forbidden fruit" will be more likely to binge on that substance because it has added allure. This is what seems to be happening in the United States, where the cultural norms and laws against alcohol are too strict and prevent people from learning healthy drinking behaviors. If drinking in moderation has been proven to be healthy, then shouldn't researchers and policy makers be focusing…. [read more]

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counseling Essay

… The professional strengths that I have acquired and have seen counselors make use of their field of practice are elaborated in the following paragraphs. Meanwhile, for professional growth it is important that professionals should analyze the limitations pertaining to the field of practice.


When I make an analysis of the professional strengths related to the field of counseling I find that if a counselor has the ability to make effective cognitive interventions, it can be one of his or her most valued professional strength. Many accomplished counselors like Iwona (2012) believe that if you have the ability to make cognitive interventions, you will be able to modify the thoughts as well as the drug-related beliefs of the clients as well.

Being warm, non-judgmental and…. [read more]

Issues of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Term Paper

… Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Over the last several decades, the issues of drug and alcohol abuse have been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because there has been an effort on the federal and state levels to increase awareness. As the problem has continued to become worse, despite the tremendous amounts of resources that are spent on these programs. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the 23.5 million people ages 12 and older who are in need of some kind of treatment for drug or alcohol abuse (according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health). This is problematic, as these kinds of issues can have a negative impact on society. ("Drug Facts")

Selecting a topic and defining…. [read more]

Substance Abuse in Young Adults Essay

… Substance Abuse in Young Adults: Issues to be Addressed by a Nurse Practitioner in Primary Care Settings

Young adulthood can be a turbulent period in many people's lives when new roles are assumed, careers and started and relationships forged. For instance, according to Mcconaughy and Wadsworth, "The transition from adolescence to adulthood usually involves many lifestyle changes, including moving out of the parents' home, completing school, starting a job or career, managing one's own finances, forming an intimate relationship with a partner, and raising a family" (p. 202). During the young adulthood phase of the life cycle, the oat-sowing process left over from adolescence may not yet be complete and youthful exuberance still holds sway over many of the long-term healthcare considerations and the threat…. [read more]

Special Population and Substance Abuse Term Paper

… Most of the paroles fail and rearrests occur within the first six months of release of inmates having substance abuse disorder. All new admissions in the U.S. prisons had staggering proportion of parole failures, from being 17% in 1991 to 35% in 2000 (Petersilia, 2000).

V- Drawbacks of not providing rehab treatments and facilities

There are a number of drawbacks related to non-provision of rehabilitation and treatment services to the substance abuse offenders. The most prominent is the re-offend rate of substance abusers and the resulting economic, social, and administrative issues being created for the state and federal government as well as counties. The U.S. has high rate of incarceration for the people involved in drug and substance abuse. It was reported in the Colombia…. [read more]

Alcohol Abuse Term Paper

… Alcohol Abuse Ecdriesbaugh

Alcohol Abuse

Excessive or risky drinking takes the lives of approximately 85,000 Americans per year, making it the third leading cause of death in the U.S. (SciTech Book News, 2006). According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), approximately 18 million Americans are dependant on alcohol -- people who are addicted to alcohol cannot control their drinking, and can't stop drinking even when it's negatively disrupting their lives (McCollum, S., 2007). "Alcohol abuse is any drinking that causes problems with work or school work, your relationships, or leads to legal problems or dangerous situations" (Harvard Reviews, 2006).

According to Hawkins (2007), a primary social concern was once the population growth in developing countries, then obesity, climate change, and now…. [read more]

Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms Literature Review

… ¶ … Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression

Depression and anxiety are related to cognitive as well as psychological impairments. Both these disorders not only affect the life of the ones suffering from it, but also that of the people in the surrounding. Similarly, alcoholism is also another multifaceted social and health concern. It has been well-documented that alcohol abuse has inflicted every part of the world with problems ranging from relationship, health and social problems (Newlin, 2010). The roots of alcohol consumption can be dated back to the times human history originated. There exist numerous ancient literatures and scriptures that indicate the use of alcohol as medicinal compound (Liu, 2011). However, alcoholism has passed down from generation to generation as a social…. [read more]

Alcohol and Substance Abuse Among Older Adults Essay

… Alcohol and Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

Are older adults who abused alcohol previously when younger more, less, or equally likely to abuse alcohol than individuals who did not?

Are older adults who have lost a spouse more or less likely to abuse alcohol than older adults who have a living life partner, or who have never married?

Hypothesis question 1: Older adults who abused alcohol when they were younger are more likely to abuse alcohol after age 65.

Hypothesis question 2: Adults over the age of 65 who have lost a spouse or life partner are more likely to abuse alcohol than adults who have never lost a spouse or never married.

Null hypothesis 1: Older adults who abused alcohol when they were younger…. [read more]

Alcohol Advertisements the Consumption Essay

… Alcohol Advertisements

The consumption of alcohol has been associated with many human endeavors over the years. Champagne has been associated with weddings and other types of celebrations, for example. Brandy and Whiskey have been associated with business meetings, while beer and wine are generally associated with having a good time with some friends. In early times, alcohol was used for tribal rituals and also for feasting. In general, one might then assume that alcohol is associated with having a good time. However, the prevalence, wide availability, and social acceptability of alcohol also makes it very easy to abuse. Beyond the element of fun, some fall into the trap of using alcohol as a means of medication against conditions such as depression, stress, or simply a…. [read more]

Effects of Alcohol on the Human Body Research Paper

… Alcohol consumption is the most widely acknowledged harmful factor of the human body, and a primary cause for illness, disability and mortality. Indeed, its negative impact on a global level was found by World Health Organization in 2009 to be surpassed only by unsafe sex and childhood underweight status, yet it exceeded in prevalence the incidence of common risk factors such as tobacco use, unsanitary water, high cholesterol or hypertension (Rehm, 2011).

This paper's purpose it to outline the known scope of physical effects of alcohol on human body parts, with special focus on research directions from the last five years' span. In this recent light, the present work describes the relationship between alcohol, organs, immunity, and infectious diseases, together with the issue of alcohol…. [read more]

Alcohol and Alcoholism by Definition Thesis

… Alcohol and Alcoholism

By definition, alcohol "is a legal depressant... obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrates by yeast or distillation. There are many different types of alcohol, but ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is the type that is generally used to make alcoholic beverages," such as wine, beer and whiskey ("Alcohol," Internet). In chemistry terms, alcohol, in this instance ethyl alcohol, is a compound "derived from a hydrocarbon by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with an equal number of hydroxyl radicals" and is classified as either monohydric, dihydric or trihydric (Glanze, 2003, p. 39). It should be pointed out that most alcoholic beverages like wine and beer usually contain less than 15% alcohol, while beverages like whiskey, gin and vodka generally contain more than 40% alcohol.…. [read more]

Alcohol and Its Effects on the Body Term Paper

… Alcohol and Its Effects on the Body

Alcohol is a legal substance, but the fact that it is legal does not mean that it cannot have harmful effects on the body. Some alcoholic beverages have proven to be beneficial in small quantities. However, overconsumption of alcohol can have some serious and harmful effects on the body. We know that drinking alcohol and driving is against the law because too much alcohol can impair a person's judgement as well as physical coordination. These effects are usually temporary since once the effects of the alcohol wears off, the person returns back to normal with improved judgement and physical coordination. The long-term use of alcohol can have serious health effects on a person. Some of which are: liver…. [read more]

Alcohol Mankind Has Endured Term Paper

… Reckless people, inclusive of those suffering from ADHD, do not appear to be capable of performing this very well compared to others. (Cognitive neuroscience takes on alcohol)

The linkages between antisocial behavior during adolescence and alcoholism might be explicated by defects in the frontal limbic system that seems to result in dull emotional reactivity. Scientific findings indicate that some behavioral patterns displayed by kids and adolescents having conduct problems-like persistent impulsive aggressive behavior, absence of obedience to rule of the society, and so on -- might be a pointer for fundamental difficulties in emotional reactivity and associated damage in frontal limbic procedures. This basic dysfunction in the main processes catering to the emotional reactivity, noted as poor self-control, weakened decision making, and poor behavioral coordination,…. [read more]

Alcohol Prohibition in Canada Thesis

… The remaining provinces repealed prohibition by 1930. However, Prince Edward Island became the last province to repeal the prohibition. It is important though to note that even after the repeal of prohibition in a majority of provinces; the manufacture, distribution as well as sale of alcohol continued to be outlawed in some communities which included but were not limited to the Owen Sound City and some areas west of Toronto.

It is also during the 1920s that temperance movements began to engage territorial as well as provincial governments by pressuring them to exercise firm control of liquor control boards so as to effectively regulate the sale as well as distribution of liquor. Observers of the new developments during the 1920s were of the opinion that…. [read more]

Alcohol and Business Ethics Term Paper

… To be honest, faithful, fair minded etc. is to describe a person or organization whose life embodies positive moral intentions and dispositions. Business transactions and a business's position in the community are based on the relationships and the level of trust which a community will entrust to an organization. Thus the measure of an organization's effectiveness will include the level of integrity, and ethics with which it operates.

In today's business climate, building an ethical organization can somewhat like "teaching moral and ethical behavior to baby wolverines" (Kennedy, 1995)

AT least, this is the public impression of a modern business climate in which the definition of 'business ethics' has often devolved into the answer to the following question - "What is the most expedient course…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Research Proposal

… Significant differences between late onset and early onset alcoholics were found in several criteria, including preoccupation with drinking, inability to control drinking behavior, strong desire to consume alcohol, and lower rates of psychiatric comorbidity (Wetterling et al., 2003). Later onset alcoholics had significantly fewer detoxifications in the past, lower alcohol consumption, and demonstrated a higher rate of abstinence (Wetterling et al., 2003).

There may be significant differences between men and women in regards to elderly alcohol abuse. Among the elderly, there are fewer women than men that consume alcohol, and fewer women that exhibit problem drinking behavior (Gomberg, 1995). Some of the key differences between older men and women with alcohol abuse problems, it has been discovered that older women are significantly less likely to…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Treatment Analysis Essay

… The symptom of preoccupation is marked by an individual's tendency to spend a considerable amount of time thinking about, consuming, and recovering from the effects of the substance(s) of abuse. In some cases, the individual's behavior may be noticeably altered by his or her preoccupation with these matters. Such an individual may, for example, lose interest in personal relationships or may become less productive at work as a result of constant preoccupation with obtaining more of the substance of abuse.

Adverse Consequences

Examples of adverse physical consequences resulting from AOD abuse include experiencing blackouts, injury and trauma, or withdrawal symptoms or contracting an infectious disease associated with high-risk sexual behaviors. One of the most serious health threats to AOD abusers, particularly those who inject drugs…. [read more]

Substance Abuse There Is a Significant Correlation Term Paper

… Substance Abuse

There is a significant correlation between drug addiction and the tendency to commit crime. The United States Bureau of Prisons (BOP) in 1989 developed a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program in an attempt to alter both the criminal and substance abuse behaviors of inmates (Substance Abuse Treatment). The BOP reports that 50 institutions that are governed by the bureau have drug abuse treatment programs. All of the inmates that are part of the program are housed together in a separate section of the corrections facility (Substance Abuse Treatment). This program is designed to provide inmates with intensive treatment. In addition to adult corrections facilities the need for substance abuse treatment is also a reality for juvenile corrections facilities. According to the Substance Abuse…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Associated With Depression Research Paper

… Substance Abuse Associated With Depression

How is Substance Abuse associated with Depression?

The dissertation is a research-based paper to evaluate the association between substance abuse with depression. Depression is considered to be one of the common mental illnesses present in a significant percentage of the United States population. A wide range of studies have clearly exposed the fact that substance abuse is closely related to depression and comorbidity with depression amongst the general population. Depressed people usually turn out for substance abuse to alleviate their pain. A number of theories have been identified to determine the causes that lead to substance abuse addiction and depression. However, the outcomes of comorbid depression and substance abuse treatment have clearly exhibited positive results (that is decreased depressive symptoms…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Intervention for Homeless Youth Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Homeless Youth

The focus of this research paper is to discuss the connection between homelessness in youth populations and substance abuse. "Homeless young adults are defined as individuals between 12 and 24 years of age who are without stable housing and who identify with the culture and economy of living on the street [1, 7-9]. Identification with street culture includes engaging in accepted practices for earning money (such as panhandling), adopting unique slang language and developing strategies to prevent victimization" (Gomez et al., 2010). Thus, with homeless youths, the homelessness is not a temporary flirtation with time away from home, but a complete and thorough transition to life on the streets. This distinction is important to make, as this paper is will…. [read more]

Drug Use and Abuse Research Paper

… The participants averaged 32 years of age and 59% were male; males were more likely to use alcohol, heroin, cocaine, crack cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana and hallucinogens than females; moreover, males reported using alcohol, marijuana and hallucinogens at "…a significantly younger age than females (Shannon, 98). The reason the study was done in eastern Kentucky included the fact that eastern Kentucky has "…the highest prevalence group when examining illicit drug use other than marijuana" for individuals 12 or over in the United States (Shannon, 99).

The participants were solicited by placing flyers in public locations. Once the initial participants were selected (they had to have been injecting drugs in order to quality) they were then interviewed and asked to bring friends (that were also drug users)…. [read more]

Impact of Substance Abuse on Disability Essay

… ¶ … Substance Abuse on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

What is the incidence of substance abuse in individuals with this disability?

According to a recent study by Janikowski, Donnelly and Lawrence (2007), "As a group, people with disabilities have a higher rate of alcohol and drug use problems when compared to the general population. Up to six million people with disabilities also have co-existing substance abuse problems and that these disabilities may present obstacles to recovery" (p. 15). People who experience or witness some type of psychological trauma do not always experience long-term emotional distress or engage in substance abusing behaviors. According to Volpicelli, Balaraman, Hahn, Wallace and Bux (1999), "Rather, the likelihood of experiencing adverse consequences is related to the victim's ability to cope with…. [read more]

Alcohol, Drugs, and Domestic Violence Term Paper

… However, they conclude, animal studies "Have produce the anticipated clear-cut results." Why? The list of possible variables which may have been miscalculated is lengthy. But their research does show that when Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), when a low concentration of alcohol is placed in their tank, did indeed show an "aggressive response" in a rather bizarre experiment, beyond what they would normally show. As to the frog (amphibian) experiment, for the lay person, the results are problematical; to wit: "Since alcohol retards habituation of this visually elicited prey-catching response, the results may reflect an alcohol-induced disinhibition within the visuomotor mechanism (probably the optic tectum)" (Brain, p. 90). And as for alcohol and aggression in birds, the language is clearer: the studies "allow no…. [read more]

Reducing Substance Abuse Among College Students Article Review

… Their findings reveal that the experience of stimulation or sedation during the drinking event significantly predicted the prevalence of high BACs, blackouts, and hangovers. The authors of this study further concluded that the combined experiences of blackouts and hangovers, together with feelings of stimulation or sedation, may be valuable clinical predictors for the onset of chronic alcohol abuse problems. The authors also suggested that incorporating the subjective experience of alcohol-related feelings of stimulation or sedation into an intervention might increase the intervention's efficacy. The findings from this study and others seem relevant to the intervention used in the study by Kazemi et al. (2013), yet they were not incorporated into the literature review or elsewhere. In addition, there was no mention of studies revealing a…. [read more]

Common Substances of Abuse Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Dependency

Discuss the social effects of psychoactive substance use and abuse. What are some risk factors for first experimenting with alcohol and drugs? What are some intervention strategies?

The article by Grinsteinner (2006) highlights the permeation of alcohol in teen culture. For many teens, consuming alcohol is something of a rite of passage. This denotes that social dimensions play a great role in the decision to begin drinking. Indeed, while tobacco and marijuana use are observable among teens, the social effects of alcohol in particular are considerable. Grinsteinner relays that "according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, roughly 10.8 million underage persons ages 12 to 20 (28.7%) reported current alcohol use. Of these underage drinkers, 4.4 million were ages…. [read more]

Substance Abuse: Multi-Axial Case Study

… A differential diagnosis for separation anxiety disorder is mainly based on the presence of psychotic symptoms, pervasive developmental disorder, or a panic disorder with agoraphobia. Based on Al's symptoms, there is no evidence of psychosis, avoidance of crowded or public places, or an inability to socialize and communicate with others.

Axis II

There are several signs justifying an Axis II diagnosis of mental retardation. The first is poor academic performance in high school, which was severe enough to justify enrollment in special education classes. The second is the family feeling the need to admit Al to the ED, which suggests a reduced ability for self-care. Al's mental retardation could not be too severe, because he is able to drive an automobile, was educable, and capable…. [read more]

Drugs and Alcohol Issues Essay

… There are probably recovered substance abusers who can eventually learn to limit their consumption to appropriate levels and to appropriate circumstances while eliminating excessive consumption or consumption patterns that are problematic. Meanwhile, there are also probably other individuals who have had substance abuse problems whose addictive personalities and tendencies make it unrealistic for them to adopt any sort of flexible approach instead of the absolute abstention from those substances in the future.

Chances are there are both biological factors such as addictive tendencies as well as environmental and personal psychological factors that determine behavior and the relative ability of every individual to moderate alcohol consumption, for example. In general, people who developed substance abuse problems as ways of coping with unrelated problems may eventually be…. [read more]

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