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Indigenous People Had a History or Culture Before Europeans Arrived Thesis

… indigenous people had a history or culture before Europeans arrived

The book that Camilla Townsend wrote, "Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma," goes deep into the colonialism period of the state of Virginia and depicts the life of Amonute, an indigenous girl who was later transformed into the famous Disney character of Pocahontas. She does that by using a number of historical and ethno historical sources and tries to create the stories from the point-of-view of the indigenous populations. The author's aim is to present as much as possible the real and historical figure of Pocahontas and her life and personality within a more complex context which involved the contact between Indigenous people and English people at the beginning of the Virginia colonization.

This is clear…. [read more]

Native Americans a Strong Connection Term Paper

… The only thing that makes sense to them is to find better and faster ways to go about enacting that destruction.


While there have been positive initiatives of late regarding Native American rights -- such as the U.S.'s reversal of the Bush administration's position on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous people, which, in dropping its opposition, recognizes the rights of indigenous peoples to self-determination, cultures, and traditions, and also forbids any type of discrimination against them -- there are also still challenges that Native Americans face today. Many of these challenges are new for the Native American population.

One recent challenge Native Americans in Canada face is living downstream of toxic tar sand mines. The population has thus experienced major…. [read more]

England's North American Colonies Research Paper

… England did not succeed in asserting the expected control level over Spanish religious practices in New Spain. They weakly established the England Church overseeing a landscape of increasingly diverse religion. However, despite the lack of success in establishing a unified Anglican Church under the England purview, growth created a broad range of shared culture, which united different racial, ethnic, and religious believers from different churches. These groups came together forming a single Anglophone Spiritual team. The 18th Century revolution split the British Atlantic in terms of politics, but religious tie remained. This shaped faith in the Caribbean, North America, sections of West Africa and Western Europe (Seymour, 2008).


Groups that formed the urban poor included the unskilled stevedores, crewmembers, and laborers. In the 18th…. [read more]

American Indigenous People's Survival Research Paper

… ¶ … Native American Genocide

The topic of this paper is Native Americans and their treatment by Westernized society within the boundaries of the United States. From a historical perspective, Native Americans have always endured resistance and marginalization once Europeans came to North America. In the U.S., Native Americans have endured many types of biological, chemical and conventional warfare, which has left these peoples on the brink of extinction. A significant amount of insight, then, is discerned from elucidating some of the key historical events of these people from 1830 to the present time. Specifically, events such as the landmark decision in the Supreme Court case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, the Trail of tears, the American Indian Movement, and the 20th century Wounded Knee…. [read more]

Anthropology Andean Indigenous Interest Term Paper

… The largest concentrations of native peoples are found in Mesoamerica and the Andean region. The greatest territorial dispersion is found in the Amazon Basin. They speak more than 400 different languages, display a wide range of lifestyles, and have achieved different levels of development. They occupy diverse ecosystems and maintain differing relationships with the countries and societies within which they live. A large percentage of the inhabitants of high-lands are peasant farmers and herders; while in the tropical forests, they are mostly farmers, hunters and fishermen. Those who live in the highlands have a long tradition of contact and involvement with the societies and economies within which they live. People living in the tropical forest regions, however remained relatively isolated until the 1950s and are…. [read more]

Family Health Care Health Issues and Australian Indigenous People Essay

… Indigenous Studies

Colonization can negatively impact indigenous populations in a plethora of ways. In Australia the results of colonization still linger and have profoundly effected the Aboriginal people of the country as it relates to illness and disease. Indigenous the purpose of this discussion is to examine the fact that Australians tend to carry an excessive burden of ill-health in comparison with Australia's non-Indigenous population. Many factors have complicated the health situation for the indigenous people of Australia including colonization, loss of land, loss of identity, exclusion from society, educational opportunities and employment opportunities plus health issues and a lack of health education. The research will specifically explore the ways in which colonization has contributed to ill health amongst indigenous groups in Australia.

Health problems…. [read more]

Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]

Chattel Slavery and Race Relations Term Paper

… Slavery and Race Relations

Slavery was inconsistent with the ideals incorporated in the Constitution and yet it was allowed by the founding fathers because they wanted to preserve the Union at all costs. We must here understand that it is absolutely impossible for a country or any institution to operate with conflicting values. Slavery was an abominable practice, which should have been abolished immediately after the formation of United States Constitution because it clashed with the ideals of freedom and liberty for all. However while North had some reasons to oppose it, South had numerous others to maintain this oppressive institution.

It is important to bear in mind the arguments that were given against and in favor of slave trade and this will help us…. [read more]

Social Change for American Indian Societies Term Paper

… NATIVE AMERICAN WORLDVIEW is grounded in historical and cultural changes and traditions. There may not only single way of looking at the world among surviving indigenous populations in the Americas but there are some common characteristics that shape the broader worldview. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Native Americans had had to experience political discrimination including an forceful assimilation policy that often used military power, forced relocation, repression, social and cultural regulation process and ban on use of some cultural ceremonies. Rick Hill (1988) writes about this prejudice:

There was also an assumption that Indians would be better off not being Indians, so that all 'pagan' trappings should be removed to liberate the Indian people from their inferior culture. The religion of the Indian people…. [read more]

Keeping Native American Language Alive Term Paper

… The Aztec-Tanoan language includes tribes in New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California and Utah (Columbia Encyclopedia).


In 1990, Congress passed the "Native American Languages Act (saving a culture, 2002)" and brought to the forefront the importance of saving the indigenous languages of the United States. This act "mandates that the government preserve and promote the right of Indians to use and develop their indigenous languages (saving a culture, 2002)." In 1992, there was additional legislation that provided annual grants for language recovery programs and these grants are still in place today (saving in culture, 2002).

This legislation was a big change from the government's normally hostile attitude concerning the language and customs of the Indians.


There are some Native American languages that have either…. [read more]

Captivity and Slavery in American History Essay

… Captivity & Slavery in American History

Journey towards Freedom of Mind: Understanding the Worldviews of Mary Rowlandson, Captive, and Olaudah Equiano, Slave

During the Colonial period, American society is undergoing a transition that is characteristic of any colonial territory owned by a European nation -- the transition state is "poor" and "nasty," if not "short," to borrow Thomas Hobbes' famous line in the Leviathan. This transition state is 'poor and nasty' because native Americans (Indians) met the new occupants of the now-British colony with resistance, demonstrating this resistance by a series of violence that ultimately led to death for both the native and colonial Americans.

Aside from the native Americans' resistance to the occupation of America by Britain (i.e., by colonial Americans), the Colonial period…. [read more]

Aboriginal People in Australia Research Proposal

… Aboriginal People in Australia

Aboriginal People in White Society

Protection and Segregation From the Mid-Nineteenth to the Mid-Twentieth Century

On February 13, 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made a move toward equality and openness for all ethnic groups in Australia with his apology to Australia's Indigenous Peoples. A motion to parliament, the apology specifically cited the controversial topic of the Stolen Generations as one for which the Australian government was sorry. Rudd apologized "to the mothers and fathers, the brothers and sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities," and hoped that the apology would allow Australians to become "fully reconciled to their past" in order to "open a new chapter in the history of Australia" (2008, n.p.). The apology came ten years after…. [read more]

Colonialism and Its Consequences Forcing Research Paper

… Colonialism and Its Consequences

Forcing Assimilation through the Guise of Education

Looking back at some of the justification used for the brutal treatment of native cultures during the period of colonialism really makes no sense from a modern perspective. In the diverse world we live in today, the arrogant and oppressive nature of the white majority culture in its dealings with indigenous tribes is utterly disturbing. Colonizers viewed themselves as superior, and thus took a place of authority over native groups. They believed it was thus their duty to civilize native peoples who were unfamiliar with the colonizer's customs, and thus did so through coercive method. This generated the intense cultural domination through forced assimilation of indigenous populations into the mainstream culture. The film The…. [read more]

History of Discrimination and Prejudiced Term Paper

… As Lum (2003) reveals many children for a long period of time were pulled away from their families and communities in an attempt to basically remove their 'savage' nature. Their nature was in fact likely not savage, simply very different from what the colonial and modern Christian idealisms are. I can see now how such trauma and influence of modern hazards might result in rampant alcoholism among native communities.

Up until this point in time I have to admit for the most part I viewed alcoholism within the native populations as merely a scapegoat, a further confirmation of weakness and savagery among an untrained and cultureless people. Now it is easier however to view the native population from a different perspective, and realize perhaps that…. [read more]

Women Art Thesis

… Women in Art

Living Art: Female Native American Artists and Their Living Artistic Expressions

The artistic representation of the various cultures of Native American peoples represents more than just aesthetic value. It also represents a connection to life and the cultural aspects of life that can be then portrayed to an external source through artistic representations. In many Native American cultures, artistic pieces are also a crucial part of daily life or represent certain aspects of daily life that are typical to each individual culture. Female artists within the various Native American cultures play a special role in the artistic representation of Native American life. In fact, the female Native American artist lives their art through various aspects such as creating utilitarian art pieces like…. [read more]

European Colonization of the Atlantic Coast Term Paper

… ¶ … European Colonization of the Atlantic coast and neighboring lands was a very complicated process which can not be regarded as simply positive or negative. This is a very uneasy historical problem which influenced American history and changed the continent but at the same time it caused numerous casualties of Native American population and ultimately Indian tribes were faced conquerors' discrimination or even true genocide. That was a conflict of two different civilizations, two different societies which could not live in peace together as they wanted to be the only owners of those vast lands. Sure, Native American civilization was not as progressive as Colonists' one but we should remember that Native Americans were not only small migratory groups who hunted wild animals and…. [read more]

Sandia Mountains Environmental History Essay

… Railroads put an end to the traditional geographical isolation of the Pueblos by the 1880s. Electricity came to Sandia Pueblo in 1952, followed shortly by natural gas, indoor plumbing, and automobiles (New Mexico State Record Center and Archives 2012). Technology influenced the lives of the Pueblo people but did not weaken their bond to the region.

The Sandia people are intensely religious, holding a deep connection to the Sandia Mountains. Religion and life are inseparable in traditional Pueblo culture. The Pueblo ideal embraces a way of life that is in harmony with all of nature. Pueblo beliefs hold that there are sacred mountains in each direction, plus the sun above and earth below, and that these define and balance the Pueblo world. Many Pueblo religious…. [read more]

Slavery in the Caribbean: Effects Research Paper

… These movement mobilised groups to resist the slavery rule by boycotting duties and calling for better treatment by their masters. They acted as an inspiration to the people who followed their example to fight for their rights and bring to an end the slavery. Women also played a major role in the fight against slavery and slave rule. They resisted using various means, which contributed in the fight against slavery. These forms included refusal to work, this was a bold step since their labour, productivity capacity was significant to their masters, and refusal to perform duties had an impact on the production capacity. The resistance by the women was collective and was for the interest of their future off springs not to go through the…. [read more]

Immigrant and Ethnic History Essay

… Ethnic Studies -- Indian Removal Issues in American History

Describe the way of life of the Choctaws and the Cherokees in early 19th century America society. What were the Advantages and the Disadvantages in 19th century American society? Had they not been removed, is it likely they would have prospered on their lands.

Before the Indian Removal era, the indigenous American Indian tribes lived on vast, wide-ranging plains of territory with most of the respective Indian tribes respecting the boundaries of one another's territory. There exceptions, such as the longstanding antagonism and outright violent conflict between the Pawnee and Sioux (Takaki, 2008). Before the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was implemented, both the Choctaws and the Cherokees had traditionally relied on the natural resources on…. [read more]

European Epidemics on Native American Term Paper

… They thought the goods given to them by the Europeans were gifts for the use of the resources, a custom of their society. This was not the case. They had actually bought the land with these "gifts."

Restriction of The Native Americans' food supplies, the following malnutrition, worsened by alcohol they were plied with by the settlers, as well as the recurring epidemics of European diseases, further depleted the Native Americans and destroyed their lifestyles.


In conclusion, it was not war that wiped out the Native Americans, but diseases such as smallpox, measles, malaria, and influenza. Native Americans had no resistance to these diseases and entire tribes were soon decimated by fast-spreading epidemics.

Before the Europeans came to America, the Native Americans had a…. [read more]

American Empire Is There Room Essay

… V. Conclusion

Some scholars advise that even if China does manage to avoid authoritarian modernization, revolution, upheaval, and war that tend to befall most imperial countries, the country will face a different challenge in demographic deterioration. In essence, China will grow old prior to becoming rich, as Mark Haas, professor of political science at Duquesne University, has argued. Goldman Sachs posits that by 2050, China's economy will have long since overtaken the United States' economy, but by then the median age in the United States will be the lowest of any of the world's major powers with the exception of India (Joffe, 2009). Moreover, the United States' population of working people will have increased by approximately 30$ while China's will have declined by roughly 3%.…. [read more]

Juvenile Justice and Native American Children Essay

… Juvenile Justice and Native American Children

The objective of this work is to examine the historical policy of removing Native American children from their homes and placing them in residential schools. The historical justification of this policy will be examined as well as how this policy was implemented. Further this work will examine the issue of seriously, violent juveniles (SVJs) and answer the questions of whether there are similar arguments that can be made for removal of children from their homes. This work will also address the question of what proposals are and have been made about SVJs and how advanced the policy is in terms of its application and implementation.

Dakota-Lakota-Nakota DLN Coalition Working Groups

It is reported in the work entitled: "For the…. [read more]

Impact of Colonization on Native Americans Essay

… The beaver ponds were habitats for fish and they were also water sources for the moose, deer, and other animals. The Europeans also introduced pigs that they allowed to forage freely in the forests and other open lands (Sutton, 2016). The pigs consumed food that was depended upon by deer and other indigenous species that resulted in a scarcity of the game that the natives hunted. Pigs are known to be eaters of anything and by them being introduced in the Americas they ate all the food leading to the decrease in the number of the animals that the native Americans would hunt for food. The natives believed in eating meat and they would never rear animals instead they used to hunt for their food.…. [read more]

City Upon a Hill Term Paper

… ¶ … City upon a Hill is associated with the sermon given by John Winthrop in 1630. This sermon, according to many experts, was delivered before the Puritan colonists actually landed in New England. Winthrop sees the establishment of a Puritan colony in Massachusetts as an example of Christian values and charity and states that this colony should be an example to the world or a beacon of light and hope. In other words it should be like a city on a hill which would serve as an inspiration to people throughout the world. It is based on the phrase from Matthew 5:14

You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid."

The intention of the sermon was…. [read more]

Colonization Features Essay

… Conversely, France seemed to be the least intrusive of the three countries named above because they were able to seek the natives consent just before they were declared to be the subject of the French crown, an approach commonly referred to as assimilation.

As a result of colonialism on the indigenous people, the free and undeveloped lands of the Americans were fully ravaged by the nations in the period following their revelation to the Europe; however, none seemed to be more savaged in their domination than the Spaniards. In particular, Indigenous men and women faced various problems during the period of colonialism. The men had difficulties in comprehending as well as dealing more effectively with the source of disempowerment which for quite a period of…. [read more]

Native American Solutions for Global Warming Capstone Project

… Native American Solutions to Global Warming

The world faces a crisis of unprecedented proportions, one which threatens not only our future economic, social, and political well-being, but the very life force of the planet itself. Beyond the now well-known threat of global warming, we face a mass extinction the likes of which have not been seen for hundreds of thousands of years, one precipitated by our unceasing exploitation of the environment. The current response to these crises while noble and well intentioned, are usually the products of a combination of ignorance and optimistic naivete. This is because the problems we face are not simply the result of bad economic choices, they are a natural outgrowth of a particular way of looking at the natural world,…. [read more]

Aboriginal Perceptions Essay

… The center of attention was not only academics. The child is made to learn in a rather holistic, child centered and a circular environment. (Elliiot & Eriandson, 2003) The very first generations depended on education the child through interaction and through observation. Education was not a process restricted to a school or an academic institution. It occurred with elders, relatives, parents and the other social groups. This interaction was crucial so that the child's skills developed in such a way that he can apply it in the national environment.

It should be noted that indigenous knowledge was passed on from one generation to the next through means like animation, modeling and practice. Thus, where in the modern form of education, the knowledge is passed on…. [read more]

Iroquois Indians the Position Term Paper

… " This is the record as given by Herriot. They became a leader among all the tribes of Indians through their warlike nature and victories in battles. Even in 1649, they destroyed two Huron villages and scattered the group to the winds and then totally destroyed another village which had six hundred villages.

Ultimately this led the villages to go and present themselves for a settlement to the Anglo-Americans. As per the historians, there was a dread of the Iroquois and it "had such an effect upon all the other nations, that the borders of the river Ontaouis, which were long thickly peopled, became almost deserted, without its ever being known what became of the greater part of the inhabitants." Today the situation has changed…. [read more]

Art Violence and Social Engagement in Colombia Research Proposal

… ¶ … Colombia is the third-largest recipient of military aid from the United States and is at a critical juncture in its turbulent history. More than three million people have been displaced in Colombia during the past decade alone, and violent deaths and kidnappings remain alarmingly high. While violence is nothing new to the people of Colombia, their response to its sources and causes have been portrayed in the visual arts in various ways, with one of the most recent manifestations of this being portrayal such as the "The Skin of Memory," developed by the anthropologist Pilar Riano-Alcala and the artist Suzanne Lacy in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team in Colombia. Because art must also serve a social function and civic responsibility, this thesis evaluates…. [read more]

Inuktitut in Modern Inuit Communities Term Paper

… Thus, the compulsory education meant that the ancestral language, Inuktitut, partially hidden and forgotten, because it was in boarding school and could not be spoken. As in remote communities but there were no schools, had many young Inuit visit boarding schools and there perceived the culture as a major constraint imposed. (Paver 2008)

Inuktitut in modern Inuit communities in Northern Canada

The Inuit of the North are much more likely to speak Inuktitut as their urban counterparts in southern Canada. In 2006, 15% of Inuit living in urban centers could converse in Inuktitut, compared to 84% for those in Inuit Nunaat, which includes the Inuit regions of northern Canada. (Hauser et al. 2010)

However, mastery of Inuktitut varies considerably within Inuit Nunaat. In Nunavik, 99%…. [read more]

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