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American Expansion Post-Reconstruction America Gave Thesis

… This belief in democracy and the values that were perceived to be associated with it were viewed as an inevitable evolution in human progress. This led many to believe that anything that stood in the way of this trend was to be destroyed and much of the American population accepted this as it was consistent with their own ambitions.

Woodrow Wilson was a great believer in the superiority of his background and his culture. He was descended from Presbyterian ministers on both sides of the family and he was known to be moralistic, infuriating, and self-righteously inflexible as he believed that he was carrying out God's plan for the country (Stone and Kuznick 2013). He used his power in South America with a desire to…. [read more]

America Moves West Reconstruction Essay

… With the discovery of the vast resources, coupled with the technology of industrialization and transportation, the stage was set for mass immigration and movement Westward (Hansen 2007; Nivola 1986).

Immigration -- After the Civil War, America's huge need for workers and industrialization was filled with a wave of immigrants arriving from Europe (about 25 million between 1866 and 1915). This was also caused, in part, by political, social, and agricultural problems in Europe. Earlier immigration had been primarily from Northern Europe, but the wave of workers post-Civil War was from Southern and Eastern Europe. Most were poor, uneducated, and pushed out of their own countries. Because of transportation issues, most immigrants arrived at Ellis Island, New York, and only slowly worked their way out of…. [read more]

America's Rise to Industrial Power Research Paper

… Americas Rise to Industrial Power

From reconstruction to the onset of the Progressive Era, the United States vastly transformed itself. Slaves were freed, although many of them continued to live austere lives under the sharecropping system. The Railroad and new farm technologies revolutionized trade and commerce, creating more efficient markets, but dangerously top-heavy and centralized ones as well. And the rise of increasingly clever advertising techniques helped companies to attract customers, while also risking their alienation and stoking their mistrust. Mark Twain called this time period the Gilded Age, for its veneer of prosperity, but jugular of suffering and exploitation. It represents one of the most dynamic, and perhaps even most definitively American, decades in the county's history.

The thirty five-years, from the Civil War's…. [read more]

Civil Rights Movement in America the Struggle Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement in America

The struggle for the Civil Rights of the African-Americans have their roots in the slave trade era and the resulting pressure to let go the slaves in the southern states increasing every passing year during the emancipation of slaves period. The movement can be traced to as early as 1800 when Absalom Jones and several other blacks living in Philadelphia petitioned Congress against the notion of enslavement and slave trade and challenging the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.

The heat for recognition of civil rights took centre stage with the Court ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which sought to give "all full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on…. [read more]

American History Role Term Paper

… The Truman Doctrine

As early as 1945, the United States began to recognize a threat coming from Moscow. The United States felt the threat was enough to cut reconstruction funding for Russia immediately after World War II. The Truman Doctrine essentially declared that communism and any other philosophies posed by the Soviet Union were serious threats to not only Europe but the United States and eventually the entire world. The Truman Doctrine stated that communism could no longer go unchecked. The United States took on a responsibility of helping the world either obtain or maintain democratic freedoms.

The true effect of the Truman Doctrine back in the United States, however, was one that systematically altered the American way of life in an almost subliminal way.…. [read more]

Post-Civil War Era Research Paper

… Industrialization of American following the Civil War had a profound effect on almost all aspects of American society. The failed of Reconstruction all but condemned the South to economic backwardness and social strife. The expansion into the West contributed to the decimation of Native Americans, but allowed for the nation to coalesce into its modern form. In the east, industrialization reshaped the cities, the government's approach to business and society, and laid the foundations for the country to become a world economic superpower with size and scope of industry, fueled by oil and immigration.

Major Aspect of Industrialization

Industrialization after the Civil War influenced the U.S. In many different ways. The social geography of America changed significantly during that era, as a result of shifting…. [read more]

Reconstruction and the Gilded Age Essay

… Gilded Age of the United States

The era immediately following the Civil War has been described as the Gilded Age of United States history. There are several apt reasons for this moniker. Technological and scientific advancements during this time created a tremendous improvement in the nation's standard of living. Transportation innovations brought the people of country much closer together physically. Economically, large companies began to amass great wealth and workers fled the farms for the secure wages of the factories and plants of the cities.

All of this change and progress came with a steep price, however. As wealth accumulated in the hands of a few, as Americans fanned out across the continent, as more and more people of different culture and heritage moved here…. [read more]

Fresia's Contention Term Paper

… Slavery is a mark of shame upon the United States not for its existence, because almost all nations have known slavery, but because of the extent that slavery permeated American life. For example, at the time of the Revolution, there were certain safeguards protecting slaves from heightened levels of violence by their owners; by the time of the Civil War, these protections had completely eroded and been replaced by laws explicitly giving owners the right to kill their slaves.

Of course, Fresia does not stop his Empire argument with the information that America was a slaveholding land; he goes on to describe how post Civil-War America continued the vestiges of slavery. American imperialism was barely even slowed down by the abolition of slavery. Fresia indicates…. [read more]

American History the Underside Term Paper

… Synthesis

These essays on important events in the history of the United States demonstrate the vital role that changes in the economic structures of the country ultimately led to changes in the social and political structures as well. These changes in the economy of the country also determined the degree of conservatism or liberalism adopted by the American society and government -- that is, a downfall in the economy resulted to the adoption of a conservative stance while a relatively prosperous economic condition in the country led the country to adopt liberal policies and changes in the socio-political structures of society. Looking into the five (5) issues discussed in the preceding essays, it is evident that the emergence of the 20th century resulted to a…. [read more]

Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]

Abraham Lincoln Past President of United States Term Paper

… Abraham Lincoln past president of United States of America, played a significant role during the American Civil War. He was recognized for his leadership and determination by many historians and laymen not only as American President but also the greatest American of all time. He started with little formal education but this never regarded him to be inferior among his fellowmen. His determination and perseverance put him to be a frontier lawyer and held the nation together through the worst crisis in its history (Abraham Lincoln, 2006a). There is no other president in American history faced the kind of problems that Abraham Lincoln faced upon taking his term. Immediately after his election, Southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America…. [read more]

Marshall Plan and Its Results in Greece Term Paper

… ¶ … Marshall plan and its results in Greece. The writer explores the work of the Marshall Plan author George Marshall. The writer then explains the plan and its impact on Greece.

Within the history of the world few Americans will be as widely remembered for working toward world peace than George Marshall. Marshall who was named chief of staff of the United States Army during World War II was charged with recruiting and training several million men and women to serve in the armed forces (George Marshall (

Marshall also had the task of planning military tasks and operations that would impact the world on a global level.

While Marshall handled these duties with intelligence and professionalism the most important contribution he made to…. [read more]

Unsuccessful Presidents Identified- 1865-1940 Andrew Term Paper

… Between 12 to 14 million Americans were unemployed before the end of Hoover's term.

John Maynard Keynes, the British economist, proposed that high unemployment, being a result of insufficient consumer spending, could be relieved by government-sponsored programs. He also advocated deficit spending by governments to stimulate economic activity. His methodology has been referred to as Keynesian economics. All four of these unsuccessful Presidents did not participate in a deficit spending program to relieve the depression.

It was Roosevelt who achieved the actual implantation of what had been in many instances little more than abstract concepts formulated by earlier progressives, added to them - however unwittingly - Keynesian economics, and encased the whole package within a framework of "pluralist" or interest-group liberalism. And it was Roosevelt…. [read more]

U.S. Immigrant and Ethnic History Term Paper

… Immigrant and Ethnic History

Compare the Land-Allotment Strategy used with the Choctaw's with the Treaty Strategy that was applied to the Cherokee. What are the key differences between both approaches to Indian lands? Do they share any similarities? What were the outcomes of each strategy

Land allotment was significant when it came to the Indians and what the settlers would offer to them. The Choctaws were given a land allotment strategy, while the Cherokee Indians were offered a treaty strategy. Both of these strategies had both pros and cons, and therefore both must be addressed here, to see where their similarities and differences lie, and to examine the outcomes of both of the strategies. It is also important to understand some of the interaction that…. [read more]

Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global Research Paper

… Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global War on Terror

Many times in the history of the world, war or its aftermath has threatened catastrophe. Following the end of the First World War, the leaders of the victorious allied nations imposed punishing reparations on defeated Germany. The resultant economic depression and deep resentment has been blamed by many for the rise of Hitler and militant fascism. Hitler's ascent to power led directly to the even greater horrors of World War II. The carnage and destruction that was Europe in 1945 left impressions that were not easily dispelled. The Globe's leaders sought ways to prevent a repeat of the circumstances that had caused the two world wars. The United Nations represented an attempt to bring the…. [read more]

Negro League Baseball in Virginia Term Paper

… ¶ … Silhouette of America's Dream: Negro League Baseball in Tidewater, Virginia

Introduction report in the Norfolk Journal and Guide in 1917 paints a picture of racial harmony in Tidewater, Virginia, that would almost make one wonder why there needed to be Negro League Baseball. The banner headlines almost said it all: "Big Labor Day Celebration," "Thousands of White and Colored Laborers Paraded Streets of City." "Harmony Between Races"

As that report told it, the celebration was a landmark of many sorts. In a relatively lengthy preface to the description of the baseball game that was the culmination of the day, it noted that "If carrying the stars and stripes is a demonstrative evidence of patriotism and loyalty to the United States, the Norfolk colored…. [read more]

African-American History Thesis

… ¶ … workings of the sharecropping system, and explain why many African-Americans preferred it to wage labor; explain why so many sharecroppers ended up destitute and tied to a plantation.

The sharecropping system was set up for former African-American slaves to be able to lay economic claim to their own work through the sharing of harvest of a plot of land or property. It would eventually become its own version of slavery, and since so many people were draw into this form of land lease, it would have a profoundly negative effect on the plight of African-Americans in the post Civil War era (Billingsley, 1992). The blacks were most often not owners of land on their own, and often worked portions of the land in…. [read more]

U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898 Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Why did the United States go to war in 1898 and what were the consequences of the war?

Following the advice of its founding fathers the United States had, in the first century of its existence, kept well away from foreign entanglements. After the American Civil War (1861-1865) the country experienced rapid industrial growth and felt the need for markets beyond its frontiers. There was also a desire to show its political and military muscle at the international scene. The Munroe Doctrine and manifest destiny became popular slogans in the country as more and more Americans began to believe that territorial expansion by the U.S. was both inevitable and "divinely ordained."

It was in this background that certain events unfolded…. [read more]

Angola, as Many of the African Countries Term Paper

… Angola, as many of the African countries was the result of colonial pressures up to its declaration of independence from Portugal in 1975. The United Nations recognized this event a year later; however, to this day, Angola can hardly be considered a success story in terms of colonial positive results such as India for instance. The tumultuous history and background are still a presence in the Angolan society and government. The lack of efficiency from the government determined civil wars, periods of social and political unrest. These in turn affected the society at large and the gap that exists to this day between the government and the society.

In order to determine the way in which the two polls of the Angolan structure differ in…. [read more]

Importance of Affirmative Action Term Paper

… Validity of Data

America considers herself the land of the free, home of the brave, and while the second component to this maxim is rarely challenged, the first has come under fire throughout all of the nation's history, particularly in the last 40 years.

After all, America is a nation of stark contrasts: On one hand, it is truly the only nation in the world in which a minority can literally immigrate one day, and be well on the way to a successful career and job the next, without the shackles of prejudice and discrimination.

However, this experience is not shared by all immigrants, and it is certainly not shared by the largest indigenous minority in the United States: African-Americans. Together with Hispanic-Americans, African-Americans represent…. [read more]

History as Art the Past Thesis

… Forner (2010) revealed many such incidents during this time which demonstrate this point. Forner explains America's adoption of an imperialistic state after the reconstruction era of the country. Forner explains that roots of today's American empire were born in this time, and hence makes it ok and acceptable. American's imperial stance in today's world cannot be underestimated. Hence, we, as a collective have a myth to look to in order to help us understand.

Zinn (2003) also used these tricks with words as he promoted his own brand of populous history. Zinn dared to collectivize the American memory in his book when he wrote " my viewpoint, in telling the history is different: that we must not accept the memory of states as our own.…. [read more]

Phoenix Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Phoenix Program Lessons to Iraq

Scope and Significance


The Phoenix Program in Vietnam

Lessons Learned from Phoenix

Applications for Iraq

Selected Bibliography


It is not at all unusual to hear popular comparisons made between the Vietnam War and the current war in Iraq and though most experts see only a casual relationship still others see a comparison that is not only valid but is applicable to the utilization of historical Vietnam tactics and lessons learned from them to formulate reasonable resolutions to the Iraq War. In a collection of essays analyzing the similarities and differences of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars, ed. David Ryan demonstrates that the two wars are very similar in public sentiment…. [read more]

Lizzie Borden and the 1892 Borden Murders Essay

… 1892 Borden Murders

Lizzie Borden took an axe

And gave her mother forty whacks.

When she saw what she had done,

She gave her Father forty- one

At one point or another, every schoolchild typically hears this small rhyme scheme, whether to accompany a hot-scotch match or as a joke towards the macabre. The Lizzie Borden case, however, was one of America's most famous trials -- like the Salem Witch Trials, the Scopes 'Monkey' Trial, and even O.J. Simpson. All of these become iconic, yet reflect somewhat of a mirror of society and American culture of the time. Looking at these trials, we can dissect some of the social mores and cultural trends of the time, learning much about society and the very real assumptions…. [read more]

Great Recession Term Paper

… ¶ … Policy Choices of the Future Path of the Economy

I left school in 2006 to begin service in South Korea's military. In 2007, many South Koreans were taken by surprise by the news that the U.S. economy was in recession. Moreover, we were taken aback by the collapse of financial institutions like the Lehman Brothers in September 2008, which led to serious financial instability and unemployment. This is because the U.S. is the World's super power with the leading economy that directly influences the global economy. Therefore, this implies that the recession not only caused negative effects to the American economy but also to South Korea's economy. This ripple effect translated to negative consequences like high unemployment rates, stunted economic growth, and volatile…. [read more]

Post War Policies Term Paper

… The Middle East:

Israel Problem: American foreign policy has always supportive to Israel. Middle East is perhaps the most consistent area of conflict since the Second World War. It has experience wars and devastation during the past and one of the major factors is the foundation of Israel in 1948. There are has been relentless hostility and several wars were fought between the Arab states and Israel. This conflict continues till today and although the wars were won by Israel because of its major ally United States, there are deepening hostilities towards both Israel and United States. The United States as the world superpower not only has failed to solve this problem one of the major source of conflict in the world today but has…. [read more]

Origins, History of the IMF Term Paper

… SRF: Supplemental Reserve Facility loans are to be repaid within a year and a half, and there is a substantial surcharge of 3-5 percentage points.

CCL: This is under the same repayment criteria as SRF, but the surcharge is less (1.5 to 3.5 percentage points).

CFF: This type of loan was designed to help a country experiencing a very sudden "shortfall" in export earnings (caused by world commodity fluctuations), and the financial terms match those of the SBA (except CCF loans have no surcharge).

In the event of a nation suffering a natural disaster like an earthquake, flood, typhoon, or other calamities, or for a country just emerging from war, the IMF provides "Emergency Assistance" loans. They are subject to the basic rate of charge,…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]

Legal Pluralism Is Among the Greatest Challenged Term Paper

… Legal pluralism is among the greatest challenged confronting democratic societies today (Van Cott 2000). It is that of incorporating populations of distinct group identities and cultural norms into a single polity under a constitution, which reflects and affirms the different identities and norms of the citizens. The most important factors affecting the practical realization of legal pluralism have been identified as the capacity of the political system; the legal tradition and society, which will incorporate and tolerate the diversity; the geographic isolation and alienation of the indigenous communities; the degree of division among these communities and movements in general; and effective legal mechanisms available to indigenous communities seeking to protect this right in particular. In the last decade, ethnic communities have demanded this right and…. [read more]

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