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NAFTA Historical Beginning Term Paper

… 3. A panel of experts was utilized to handle disputes.

The creation of CUSTA sparked interest from Mexico. The free trading area or FTA spanned greater than 360 million people, and $6 trillion in annual output. NAFTA may also be considered a link to two of the largest trading partners to the U.S.: namely Mexico and Canada.

History Bibliography:

Mariama W. Williams, A Brief History of GATT and NAFTA; Women's Alternative Economic Network

Gary C. Hufbauer, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow and Diana Orejas, NAFTA AND THE ENVIRONMENT: LESSONS FOR TRADE POLICY, Institute for International Economics (2001)

Daryll E. Ray, Director, Agricultural Policy Analysis Center Melissa B. Cooney, NAFTA and the Small Mexican Farmer, Graduate Research Assistant University of Tennessee

US-Mexico Chamber of Commerce.

NAFTA Objectives…. [read more]

History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]

Historiography of the Cold War Term Paper

… The United States, argues Williams, was so ideologically committed to the ideal of an open global capitalist system that it could not comprehend any other settlement; cohabitation with the Soviet bloc on the basis of mutual acceptance was thus ruled out. This is thus fundamentally an economic explanation rather than an ideological one, but one that sees economics in essentially political terms. As the counter-culture movements of the 1960s and the effects of the Vietnam War exerted their influence on U.S. perceptions of the world and America's role within it, many scholars developed similar arguments to Williams. Walter LaFeber's America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945-1966 of 1967 offered a subtle and very influential model of the revisionist argument, while Joyce and Gabriel Kolko's The…. [read more]

Barack Obama and the Deracialization Theory Thesis

… Barack Obama and the Deracialization Theory

The history of the United States has marked some of the most interesting and at the same time challenging events of the democratic process. It saw the breakup from an empire, a war of independence from what would eventually be considered a colonial system and a world order. It faced civil war which took the lives of thousands, ending in an attempt to reconstruct an entire country on the precepts of the Reconstruction Era in the 19th century. Most importantly however, the United States has been the scene of the emergence of civil rights as a doctrine and as a practice. The right of the individual to be a free man, in search of a good and happy life…. [read more]

Vietnam Conflict ) To Viet Nam Enumerated Term Paper

… ¶ … Vietnam Conflict ) to Viet Nam enumerated in Loren Baritz' BACKFIRE. Or, using those reasons why we did what we did and Baritz' tripartite scheme that says the U.S. goes to war because of its (1) mythology, (2) its reliance on technology, and (3) its bureaucracy, attempt to answer a question already raised by a student in this course: "When should the U.S. go to War?" Or starting with Baritz' notions about technology, examine the function of the helicopter in DISPATCHES-make connections between and among. QUAGMIRE may well be a source in ANY paper for this course, or KIEU, or H&E or C&M or PA.

Analysis on The Truman Doctrine -- 1947

In the aftermath of the Second World War, tensions still loomed…. [read more]

Bretton Woods Research Paper

… Bretton Woods: Still Relevant Fifty-One Years Later?

Are the Bretton Woods institutions still relevant and viable fifty-one years after they went into effect? There are scholars and internationally respected political leaders who believe that in fact some of the institutions created at Bretton Woods are in need of adjustment or abandonment.

This paper will examine research available in the literature that touches on the relevance -- or lack of relevance -- of today's Bretton Woods institutions.

The International Monetary Fund: Issues, Criticisms

Walden Bello and Shalmali Guttal make the point in the peer-reviewed journal Multinational Monitor (Bello, et al., 2005, p. 19) that while the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) stood "at the pinnacle of their power" in 1985, twenty years…. [read more]

Defining Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

Encyclopedias and dictionaries define terrorism in the easy to understand language but in reality it is a concept that is hard to grasp. In the last two decades terrorism caused more damage to the world then anything else. Especially after 9/11 the word terrorism was being redefined. Despite differing definitions terrorism, is considered a crime in most of the countries. Statutes of different countries have different version of the definition of terrorism.

Looking up a dictionary we would find the definition in the simplest form. For example, the American Heritage Dictionary defines terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or…. [read more]

Globalization Been a Force Essay

… Economic globalization makes the acquisition of "communication media, arms, capital, skills, and information" [Lizardo 2006] to non-state actors that much easier. This availability of material and coordination resources helps to equalize the international playing field between non-state actors and nation states. The relationship between terrorist organizations and transnational criminal groups is one good example of this concept. Makarenko (2002) writes, "the state as the central focus of international affairs has given way to a host of non-state actors; and, it has become increasingly evident that the greatest threat to security emanates from the rapidly evolving phenomena of terrorism and transnational organized crime (TOC)" [Makarenko 2002]. Globalization after the cold war has played a key role in bringing both sides of the spectrum together. After the…. [read more]

Korean War Korea Won Independence Term Paper

… Korean War

Korea won independence after the Second World War but was partitioned between Russia in the north and the United Sates in the south. Russia had entered into the war against Japan just before the Japanese surrender in 1945 and therefore their army occupied much of Manchuria and the Korean Peninsula north of the 38th Parallel; while the American forces were in residence south of the 38th Parallel. This situation was stabilized by the Yalta Agreement which was only intended as a temporary resolution until a Korean government could be elected.

The basis of the conflict that was to come lay not only in the distrust between the U.S.S.R. And U.S. But was also fostered by underling political contention between North and South Korea.…. [read more]

Relocating and Existing Business Relocation Term Paper

… (Everly, 1998, p.OKRB983560D4) The Environmental Protection Agency established a set of guidelines for the reduction or elimination of fuel leakage in underground fuel storage facilities. The requirements included a testing requirement which was followed by replacement of any existing leaking tanks and an EPA approved ground treatment to contain any fuel that had already saturated the earth surrounding underground tanks.

Financially, spillage of fuel from one underground tank could cost $250,000 or more in the product and cleanup costs if leakage was restricted to the tank owner's property. What is feared most are liability costs that could skyrocket into the millions of dollars if there was contamination of ground water and surrounding soil." (Transportation & Distribution, 1988, p.45)

Many smaller retailers, without the capital to…. [read more]

Neo-Conservatism Project Research Proposal

… Neo-Conservatism

Project Title: To what extent did the neo-conservative influence both within and outside of the Bush administration precipitate the Iraq war?

Today, many different parties are widespread in the political region. These include the Liberals and the Conservatives as two of the leading parties. However, a new term "Neo-conservatism" has emerged long since the 1950s. Now many debaters are raising the question of to what extent the neo-conservative influence both within and outside of the Bush administration particularly relating to the Iraq war?

First the term "neo-conservatism" should be defined to gain a better understanding of its influence. Adam (2004) describes neo-conservatives as the modern conservatives. In other words, he explains that neoconservatives have a persuasive attitude such that they recognize principles in modernism…. [read more]

History of the League Term Paper

… A third important aspect that characterized the formation and the League for Women Voters was its nonpartisan policy. This was to be a controversial and complex issue within the organization. The League adopted a strong nonpartisanship view.

It was then, and is now, a nonpartisan organization. League founders believed that maintaining a nonpartisan status would protect the fledgling organization from becoming mired in the party politics of the day. However, League members were encouraged to be political themselves, by educating citizens about, and lobbying for, government and social reform legislation. (Past & Future. LWV Org.)

The issue of partisanship was a divisive issue in the early days of the League. There were many dissenting voices who stated that allowing women to join a particular party…. [read more]

South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea

Trade as Marketing and Communication

Area of Study

Study Components

The History of Trade

History of Trade Shows

Patterns of Trade Shows

Marketing Theories

Trade Shows and Market Entry

Development of the Trade Show Industry

Contributions of the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Data Analysis Plan


Failures and Successes of FEMA Term Paper

… In this regard, Schmidt and Mojica emphasize that, “Natural disasters are increasing in frequency and severity. Since 1980, the United States has been hit by 219 weather and climate disasters that exceeded $1 billion in damages.”[footnoteRef:15] Indeed, during 2017, three major hurricanes (i.e., Irma, Harvey and Maria) ravaged numerous states, including more than 3,000 deaths in Puerto Rico from Hurricane Maria. These natural disasters were combined with severe wildfire outbreaks in California and the total costs of responding to these events exceeded $306 billion, outdistancing the costs of natural disasters in 2005 of $215 billion, the previous high yearly total.[footnoteRef:16] Against this backdrop, it is apparent that any definition of failure in this context must be gradated to consider the agency’s corresponding successes. [15: Rowan…. [read more]

Military Employee Stress Thesis

… Military Employee Stress

The objective of this work is to compare, contrast and synthesize and evaluate the principles of societal development including an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress. In order to understand the effects of how societal development in the workplace has affected the family unit, an evaluation of the workplace and resulting family stress will be conducted. Additionally, this work will compare, contrast and evaluate the work of Weber, Durkheim, Spencer and Marx, the four social theorists upon whose work this study will be based and upon which the integration of current information meaning included in scholarly journals written by experts on family dynamics will be applied to the findings from actual application.


The objectives of the 'Breadth' portion…. [read more]

How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.

  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]

Modernism and Culture Studies Annotated Bibliography

… The subsequent articles expand how individual works are perceived in the context of modernist canon: Syndey Bufkin, in a bid to connect romantic traditions with a utopian novel, re-contextualizes Dark Princess by W.E.B. Du Buois – a work frequently deemed to be propagandist in nature. Lastly, Timothy C. Baker examines A Scots Quair by James Leslie Mitchell, historically regarded closely in Scot literary canon, revealing its applicability to modernist notions of romance and fiction.

Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. Print.

This work, which concentrates on the era between 1880 and 1905, explores the links between subjectivity’s modernization and the remarkable growth and development of auditory/visual culture. The crux of this work is contemporary…. [read more]

South Africa Throughout Its History Research Paper

… As a result, the United States maintains instances of structural racism even as it celebrates the election of its first black president. This is seen most obviously in the sentencing disparity between cocaine and the more cheaply accessible crack, the likelihood of dramatically harsher sentences for black perpetrators of crimes in which the victim was white, and the wildly disproportionate number of black men in prison, but even more recently, in a blatant return to previously repudiated tactics, a majority of states have enacted "voter-ID" laws ostensibly to counter the non-existent threat of voter fraud but which in reality will serve to make it more difficult for minorities and the poor to vote.

One of the major reasons for this dramatic difference between post-apartheid South…. [read more]

Asian Pacific Security the Asian Pacific Region Assessment

… Asian Pacific Security

The Asian Pacific region has been problematical in the world of International Affairs for at least the past two centuries. The emergence of a modernized Japan and China changed the paradigm of the area; and the idea of European-based cultures in Australia and New Zealand only complicating matters further. In addition, the manner in which cultures and civilizations interact with one another in the post-Cold War world, called by at least one academic the "clash of civilizations," has particular meaning in the geopolitical realm of the Asian-Pacific region.

Using the paradigm of the "clash of civilizations," we find that the primary source of conflict has specific reference to the Asian-Pacific region: cultural, rather than ideological or economic competition.. The theory itself was…. [read more]

Principal-Agent Model in Economics Dissertation

… The entire implementation procedure was accomplished in twelve sequential steps, staring mainly from the reduction and the removal of the customs and import quotas among the trading coalition. The Tunisia-EU free area trading agreement after affects and whereabouts are discussed in order to explore the findings about the research question that is the impact of the Tunisia-EU agreement on the trading patterns of Tunisia.

Literature Review

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

The growth of world trade has consistently outstripped rates of world output in post-war years, a trend that has continued to play a key role in the internationalization of economic activity and to deepen global inter-dependence of regions and nations. In 1994 world trade was valued at $5.14 trillion,…. [read more]

UN Peacekeeping Limitations After Five Decades Thesis

… UN Peacekeeping Limitations

After five decades of international conflict, waged between the imperial champion of the communist ideology and the frontrunner for western democracy, the latter prevailed in the peaceful revolution of 1989. With the reunification of Germany, and two years later, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Cold War had ended with little immediately apparent violence or resistance. And from the perspective that the invasive and draconian presence of Soviet supported regimes had fallen in Hungary, Romania, Czechloslovakia and Poland, the end of the Cold War certainly appeared to light the way toward the pervasion of civil liberty, capitalist evolution and democratic policy representation.

In the midst of this deservedly optimistic atmosphere, however, loomed a large range of challenges which would obstruct any…. [read more]

Allied Visions: The Success of the Atlantic Article

… Allied Visions: The Success of the Atlantic Charter, Breton Woods, The Keynesian Economy and How to Recapture It

Any fan of William Faulkner will remember a quote of his from Requiem for a Nun where observes "The past is never dead. it's not even past (Requiem for a Nun)." While frequently quoted out of context, it was spoken by character Gavin Stevens in defense of southern traditionalism. In this case, some are packaging old political economy in new packages. The author of this essay would humbly observe that this is exactly the situation that exists now with regard to the evaluation of "authoritarian capitalism." This essay will examine whether or not authoritarian capitalism is a viable alternative to its Western liberal version (Bretton Woods style,…. [read more]

Stock Leader Term Paper

… In fact, the research cited here finds relatively few women and minorities in the positions most likely to lead to the top -- the "pipeline." The critical career path for senior management positions requires taking on responsibilities most directly related to the corporate bottom line." ( Future promotions to the next job level through regular promotions are difficult to attain.

This issue has become a major concern that Human Resource professionals will have to address more and more often as globalization demands a more diverse labor force. The NAACP and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) each point out that blacks and other minorities who have been properly educated and are properly qualified are having less difficulty finding well paying white collar positions, but they…. [read more]

Women and Gender Bias Thesis

… Women and Gender Bias

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the implications of gender bias and the consequences of Affirmative Action. To be more specific, we will describe the effects which Affirmative action has on women and the principles for moving towards the equality of men.

Right from the beginning we could ask ourselves, taking into consideration the implications of Affirmative Action, the main principle under analysis, whether there is a clear understanding of it, as far as the roles and goals of women are concerned. Trying to answer this question will represent an important part of the paper.

Next, the Affirmative Action programs will be taken into consideration- with both their strengths and weaknesses, pros and cons. The third part of…. [read more]

How Did the Cold War Begin? Term Paper

… ¶ … Cold War Begin?

After the end of the World War II political and military domination of two the most powerful states (the U.S.A. And USSR) turned into an open resistance. It quickly obtained a form of a cold war, a form of global confrontation, which was subjected to crisis and conflicts. It was total as it spread on all spheres of life: social, economical, military, ideological and political. It was global as it covered all regions of the globe, putting a special stamp on all events of international life, which took place in the period from 1947 till 1989.

A number of scientists have an opinion that transition to the cold war took place already at the end of WWII in the affairs…. [read more]

Comprehensive Study of Offshore Financial Centers and Their Effects on Global Economy Dissertation

… ¶ … Offshore Financial Centres and Their Effects on Global Economy

The past 3 decades or so have witnessed the proliferation of offshore financial centres that have drawn both criticism and praise for their cumulative effect on the global economy. These offshore financial networks included 36 jurisdictions by the end of the 1970s that involved three main types of geographical locations, inland enclave states, coastal enclave states and island states. The enclave states have established a global pattern of so-called satellite clusters that are compatible with four main business time zones with linkages to the major global and regional capital markets. The Western Hemisphere is generally served through the New York epicenter by the Caribbean and the Central American Basin; European enclaves, coastal enclaves and…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.