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Racism in Football Term Paper

… Racism in Football

Football ('soccer') is the world's most popular sport. In every corner of the globe, matches are played with great fierceness and intensity among people of all ethnicity, race and social status. International matches have long been a sport identified with national pride and identity, likely because it is the one competition undertaken in all nations. Local matches have likewise developed a sense of passion among followers that is also quite intense.

There is a dark side to this notion of pride and passion, however. Whether in international competition or the league play, the fans, players and clubs have had a history of using racial epithets and slurs on opposing players. This has not only caused a great outrage in the football community,…. [read more]


American History and Culture Contributes Research Proposal

… American History And Culture

Culture contributes much to the establishment of a country's way of life. Unique customs and ideas shape the thought patterns and value systems of a society. In the United States, political and social discourse has largely been formed by the notion of what it means to be a middle class American. Politicians regularly play to the idea that the vast majority of this nation's citizens include themselves among the middle class. The American middle class is far-reaching and amorphous. Middle class individuals range from those earning hundreds of thousands of dollars a year to those barely making ends meet. Middle class values and aspirations are the key note of American character. Any politician that ignores the middle class does so at…. [read more]


Regulation of the NFL From Founding Case Study

… ¶ … Regulation of the NFL

From Founding To Present

The objective of this work is to examine the American National football League (NFL) and specifically to examine the history of the NFL from its founding and its evolution to the present. This work will include a study of the structure of the NFL and the regulations of the NFL and the manner in which NFL clubs are governed and managed. Finally this work will contrast this with the Premier (English) league.

The research questions in this study include those as follows:

(1) What is the financial situation of the NFL and it clubs?

(2) What sort of turnover are the clubs achieving?

(3) Do the NFL clubs have large debt?

(4) What are the…. [read more]


Historical Forces Term Paper

… Roaring Twenties

The 1920s was a decade marked by dynamic change and upheaval in nearly every facet of American life. The catalyst for many of these changes was the effects of World War I and sharp and steady rise in technological mastery. A particularly fascinating aspect of the decade is the fact that just as nearly facet of life was significantly impacted, the impact of the change on American society ran the spectrum from extremely negative for many to extremely positive for some. As a result, the decade really did roar for all, just in drastically different ways.

The moniker "The Roaring Twenties" is commonly misunderstood. Most conjure images of men and women drinking alcohol at speakeasies, dancing the Charleston while wearing fancy new clothes…. [read more]


African-Americans Are Second Term Paper

… These blacks were displaced by highways constructed under the National Highway Act of 1956. Other municipal improvements included the Pittsburgh Civic Arena, which displaced hundreds of poor black families living in the area in an attempt to improve the neighborhood. When the highways were built and families were displaced, white people received home loans to live in the suburbs, while blacks were sent to projects where they had no hope of gentrification improving their neighborhoods.

Although housing projects were ostensibly designed to help black people, the effect of their construction was usually the opposite. An article published in The Economist in 1998, Chicago's problems were born when Mayor Daley and other prominent politicians began to use public housing to segregate the city's rapidly growing black…. [read more]


American Football in Europe Essay

… NLF Europa

By the end of June 1997, NFL Europa announced that it would cease all operations, effectively ending the NFL's hope of selling American Football to the world as a viable commodity. This essay will explore the cause of the failure of football in Europe. The NFL always markets itself as a saleable commodity. Unfortunately, there were no buyers in Europe. Of the many reasons for this NFL failure, some reasons stand out. There is already a sport that has captured the imagination worldwide and especially in Europe, soccer. These and other sports have already been well established in Europe and American football had significant difficulties taking root. American football is a sport that is played in isolation. No other nations in the world…. [read more]


Freud's Concept of Sublimation and Football Thesis

… Freud Sublimation Football secretly believe that if one had the means of studying the sublimation of instincts as thoroughly as their repression, one might find quite natural psychological explanations which would render your humanitarian assumption unnecessary."

Freud 308-309)

The development of modern pastimes if often thought divorced of history, and yet Freud and other historical thinkers would likely disagree. Freud's concept of sublimation is in fact one example of an sincere and lasting explanation for how and why modern peoples seek and become enamored with certain pastimes. One of the most popular U.S. sports is probably the best example. American Football is often seen as an outlet by many for the appropriate expression of sublimated drives and urges, such as the suppression of sexual aggression…. [read more]


Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Dissertation

… ¶ … Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Reference to Germany

The issue of multiculturalism has been the focus to the political concerns of European nations since nineteen forty five. The problem of multiculturalism covers numerous issues, which predominates differ with different political situations. Multiculturalism mirrors concerns regarding immigration and the manner in which immigrants settled in Western Europe between 1950s and 1960s. Following the break-up of communism in nineteen eight nine, and the rebellion of ethnic nationalism in the Eastern Europe, the problem of multiculturalism centered around devolution of power from central national governments to regionally sub-national groups and the probabilities of power-sharing at the centre. Multiculturalism was also linked to the developing numbers of political refugees, and in the wake of terrorists attacks in…. [read more]


Armenian Culture Term Paper

… American culture and IDENTITY

Who is an American? What is American identity or what is American culture for that matter? These questions as important as they may be are elusive in nature since a definite answer would involve various complex concepts. An average American is not a white person, he is not black, he is not even yellow or brown-in fact he is a little of all these and more because he represents a unique amalgamation of various cultures and ethnic backgrounds.

Naylor (1997) explains this complex nature of American culture and identity very effectively in his book 'Cultural Diversity in the United States':

Culture lies at the heart of almost everything humans think and do. A cultural group exists whenever a human grouping learns…. [read more]


Graduation Speech Essay

… Graduation Speech

Why should I or anyone else care about the education of African-American women? Are we of African-American heritage actually any different from anyone else? Well my answer is yes. I have spent many years contemplating the issue of what my personal role is in society. Having grown up aware of the impact that gender, race, and class on a person's psyche, I know that self-awareness is the key towards overcoming all obstacles.

As I stand here before you today, I am proud to tell you about who I am and where I come from, in the hopes that you will recognize that my dreams, hopes, and ambitions actually transcend race, class, and gender. When I was five years old, my grandmother told me…. [read more]


Outstanding Black Americans Change Racial Term Paper

… This was a group of black writers who read and critiqued their writing. (Angelou 67) "At the same time, Maya was becoming famous in her own right. In 1969 she published the first and best known of the books about her life, I know Why the Caged Bird Sings." (King 36)

It is not unusual to see people of all ethnicity cheering on their favorite men and women of color, whether it be at the Olympics, a sports game, a movie, a talk show, a news program, or concert. It isn't that prejudice no longer exists, but the achievements of Black Americans are so numerous, so common, that no one can deny their well earned fame. Golf, for instance, gained millions of new viewers thanks…. [read more]


Frost's Poetry and Landscape Term Paper

… After the ceremony, Frost proposed to Elinor. Because they were going to distant colleges, Elinor wanted the engagement to be kept a secret. Frost wanted to be married right away, but she argued that there would be plenty of time for marriage when circumstances were different (Parini 31).

College life did not agree with RF, and after a year, he returned home to a series of odd jobs while he waited for his beloved Elinor. During this time his live of reading poems turned to writing them. When work was slow he wrote poetry. It was then that he started "My Butterfly," a poem he had thought up when he found butterfly wings among leaves while he was at Dartmouth College. Frost later called this…. [read more]


Octagon Sports Organizational Structure Research Paper

… This is where the Octagon falls, alongside IMG and others. Third, is the sports services, which involves organizations offering sports as their end products. This segment is again further divided into three facets including the Event that involves organizations generating their revenues, either indirectly or directly from spectators (Staffa, Lewis, Braham & Griffins 2011). Here, the athletes are professional, and examples of such entities encompass teams and leagues. Second, are participants involving entities that provide opportunities for individuals to engage or involve in sporting activities. Finally, Job, Woods and Howard (2008) affirms that the hybrid aspect ensures the provision of a mixed organization of events and participants including government agencies. Here is a schematic showing the structure of the football industry. (See Figure 2)

An…. [read more]


Hilfiger to Sell Essay

… On the other hand, the European consumers prefer to spend more on purchasing of any product or service, but the quality is the main concern on which they never compromise (Goldberg & Verboven, 2005). European consumers are very inflexible in nature. They show no flexibility towards the quality of the product therefore, they tend to be more brand loyal. The reason for this is the quality, availability, durability, attractiveness, differentiation and price (Schmitz, 2004).

Another major factor is the use of sportswear especially in the segment of Europe than in the U.S. The consumers of U.S. do have interest in sports activities, but they spend their weekends usually by hanging out or by enjoying parties, whereas the consumers of Europe are much more interested in…. [read more]


Legalizing Prostitution in the U.S Essay

… Regulation rather than prohibition also makes the environment safer for both the sex worker and the customer. One of the biggest arguments against prostitution is the fear of spreading STDs. Opponents propagate that by banning prostitution these diseases can be controlled. As already established there is little evidence that illegalization reduces prostitution. In such a scenario a more effective policy would be to legalize and regulate the environment in which these sex workers operate. In Netherlands's for example regular medical checks are mandatory for renewal of licenses for an individual sex worker and brothels. Compare this situation with the U.S.A. where the sex workers shirk health visits afraid of being found out by a doctor. The harm of this is that sexually transmitted diseases are…. [read more]


21st Century American 'Democracy Term Paper

… What made these early Americans so different from 21st century ones was (1) the relatively tiny size and homogeneity of their group, and (2) their commitment to a single common cause (Tocqueville). Further, John Winthrop's "A Model of Christian Charity" (1630), originally delivered as a sermon onboard the Arbella bound for the New World, suggests how "every man might have need of the other, and from hence they might all be knit more nearly together in the bonds of brotherly affection" (p. 215). However, as America has expanded over time and space, individual citizens have become more distant from and indifferent toward one another; more spread out geographically, and perhaps too autonomous, to the point of near total self-interest.

Moreover, all of that was accurately…. [read more]


World Cup Unifying the Globe Research Paper

… Sports

World Cup: Unifying the Globe

In almost every country of the world, the way that the national pastime is played is seen as a guide to national character and identity. For nearly 100 years, soccer has united a divided world. Soccer was invented in England in the mid-19th century, and rapidly spread to Europe and South America. Soccer's world cup draws an audience larger than that for the Olympics. According to Franklin Foer's How Soccer Explains the World (2004), American hostility toward soccer is attributed to globalization, feared by many because it forces us to accept other people's cultures (Szymanski and Zimbalist, 2005

In every sport it is easy to find a player, a team or a nation that is on the edge of…. [read more]


Kamp's Claim Soccer: A Creepy Essay

… The entire sports industry had incentive to make soccer a different kind of good, not one that would compete with the preexisting sports. At the same time, American culture has become more litigious and thus, careful with players' bodies. It was a perfect storm of elements combining to create a new, calmer version of sport.

In conclusion, the point of sporting is to serve as a catharsis. Millions of years ago, humans rose from the primordial ooze. Within our brain is an older, more primal brain that reflects our violent past. To keep those impulses and emotions at an emotional level, rather than let them come out as behaviors, they are subjugated into sport that the whole nation watches. None of this is true of…. [read more]


Media Analysis Argument Television Essay

… People watch television on sofas or in beds, with a bowl of potato chips: they do not frequently try to engage in dialogue with the TV set, for the precise reason that the TV set will not respond. Yet morality is, arguably, always about action: if the basis for Christian morality is a faith in Christ, it is worth noting that one must actively embrace and participate in that faith. More to the point, moral issues matter more in judging actions: one can hold private thoughts about the morality or immortality of abortion, but nobody has ever claimed that having an opinion about abortion is somehow a matter of the same importance as having or performing an actual abortion. Opinions can be held passively, but…. [read more]


Race, Crime, and Punishment Has Been Highly Reaction Paper

… ¶ … race, crime, and punishment has been highly acrimonious and contentious since the establishment of the republic. Although there has never been any widely held consensus as to whether or not sanctions against certain races and minorities are more severe than against white members of society, there have been a number of studies conducted that attempt to measure the perceptions of different groups in society regarding the perception that blacks and other minorities are treated differently by the legal system than whites are and that this perception is that the system is both biased and unfair toward blacks and other minorities. The studies that have been conducted, however, have suffered from two major problems First, the studies largely fail to consider both criminal and…. [read more]


Twentieth Century, the Brazilian National Term Paper

… "

Neither hex nor war could stop his victory, and by the time he won three World Cups, he had even put a war on hiatus, where in Nigeria, the Biafran Civil War was officially paused with a three day truce to watch Pele play in two exhibition games.

Pele was a hero. Not only was he a stellar athlete, he was a good man whose intentions were honest and successes visible. He overcame poverty, racial discrimination, and physical stresses to succeed, providing a great role model for the millions of Brazilians for whom national identity was muddied. While race and poverty confused the social context of post-colonial Brazil, soccer became part of its ability to redefine itself on its own terms. Soccer, the national…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System After Heavy Research Paper

… I would like to see the Home Secretary implement some community service - he would learn there are some really good schemes helping people to change their attitude and help the community."

Moreover Juliet Lyon (Director of the Prison Reform Trust) says

"It makes no sense to expect overcrowded jails to cut crime when the solutions lay outside, in better parental supervision, constructive alternatives for the young, mental health care, treatment for those addicted to drugs and drink, and a reduction in homelessness, poverty and unemployment."

As the British jails have been overloaded so judiciary should carefully give imprisonment punishments and less serious offenders should be given community-based punishments rather than being awarded punishments and purpose of any punishments should carefully. As the John Denham…. [read more]


May Flower Research Proposal

… Mayflower

In human history many events change the course of nations, not intentionally, certainly not at the exact time of action, but later, as events domino from each other into what becomes a mythological event captured in writing, art, popular music, and even the heritage of a nation. One such event, the 1620 voyage of the Mayflower, depositing English Separatists from Southampton, England to Plymouth, Massachusetts, is but a 66-day ocean voyage in fact. But as a symbol, and as a source of national pride, the Mayflower and resulting events took on an aura of almost mythological proportions within the confines of American historical development.

That being said, despite the legend and lore surrounding the Pilgrims, what was to become Thanksgiving, and the "retelling" of…. [read more]


European Business Term Paper

… ¶ … reality of the concept "Euromanager." Do such people, as "Euromanagers" exist? Explain the characteristics of European managers in contrast to U.S. And Japanese managers.

The concept of the Euromanager highlights what many managerial professionals have known for a long time, namely that culture impacts managerial style. In other words, 'management' is not a singular country that exists in isolation from its national context. Rather, management staff members are affected by their country of origin, both as individuals and the national origins of their organization. "Unfortunately, the apparent similarities between countries of the European Union and North America" often mask significant cultural differences in managerial approaches. "Business people from either side may be lured into a false sense of familiarity when they cross the…. [read more]


World War II - Life and Times Research Proposal

… World War II - Life and Times of Bill Haak

Bill Haak was raised in a family that was very much involved in many ways (economically, socially, and morally) with the Great Depression and involved militarily with WWI. As time went on WWII would have a major effect on the family as well. Haak was born in 1923, the son of farmers, in the western part of Wisconsin. His parents told him often about how lucky their family was to have avoided the Dust Bowl miseries. And it was also true, they reminded Bill and his sisters, that living in western Wisconsin, on 160 acres of prime farmland, the Haak family was blessed to be quite self-sufficient. They never went hungry. The family even donated…. [read more]


Carbon Trading Term Paper

… ¶ … carbon trading. The writer examines whether corporate carbon trading can effectively save the rainforest. Within that context the author explores current environmental law and argues that they will lead to a demand on businesses to reduce or offset their co2 emissions. The writer discusses the difficulty that many businesses will have complying with the law and restrictions. In addition the environmental damage will increase which will in turn make for stricter laws. The final argument in this paper is that it will be more cost effective to save the rainforest as a co2 offset than for the rainforest to be taken down for their wood use.

Using Corporate Trading to Save the Rainforest

Why the rainforest is more valuable as a constant asset…. [read more]


Ethnographic Interview My Name Term Paper

… But that's only one thing.

7) I live with my wife. We are renting a home right now, because with our work we often move around a lot. Now that I am more settled here, my might stay. I still think I want to retire back in Como, but if we decide to stay I will buy a house here. I do not think that my wife and I live differently than other people.. You live more like an American when you live in America. I drive my car more -- in Europe I had a car but I never used it. I probably watch more television. Maybe there is a difference when I say I want to watch some football, I mean something different…. [read more]


Racism in Euro Soccer Essay

… Some big worries" (Baxter, p. 1). Part of the disappointment of the Euro matches is that this was designed to be "the East Bloc's coming-out party, one that burnished its image and welcomed it into the community of nations as a full partner," Baxter writes. Instead of a coming out party, it has turned out to be a "costly embarrassment" for the East Bloc (Baxter, p. 2).

The New York Times reported in May, 2012, that a "…complicated racial issue has arisen" because the families of two black players from England announced they do not plan to attend the tournament. Why are they staying away? They fear "…abuse or violence in Ukraine"; and the reason for their fear was played out recently in a BBC…. [read more]


Winning Is the Only Thing Book Review

… With this change came the realization of many GIs that segregation had no place in a modern nation and sports became one of the few places in which White and Black athletes could freely mix. Sports not only became a national obsession, then, as the decades unfurled, it became big business in advertising, clothing, franchises; and as the fervor for more and more teams became rampant, the kings of capitalism came forward to "manipulate" how, when, and why Americans could enjoy their favorite pastime.

Both authors show their classical trained historical expertise when presenting both insightful and extremely well-researched arguments that, rather than a journalistic polemic, present facts that explore the manner in which big-business, especially in the personification of people like Roone Arledge, both…. [read more]

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