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Foreign Aid and Economic Development Thesis

… They discovered concrete evidence that foreign aid would boost economic development. The three authors asserted that, developed countries should provide the most favorable aid to developing nations to boost their economic development (Barro; 1990, Barro; 1991 Barro; 1996).

Conclusion

Foreign aid plays a significant role in supporting growth processes within developing countries. The empirical evidence it produces is intricate and mixed. Most of the developing countries rely on the help they obtain from donors in order to carry out most of the projects they have within their countries. On the other hand, interested donors dispense their financial assistance but with conditions. This is to ensure that accountability level is the key thing while accounting for the finances dispensed. In addition, there are other measures that…. [read more]


American History the Book Term Paper

… "

And in the 1820s and 1830s, to continue the examples of how uncivil the society was at that time, the book notes that "... convicted criminals were whipped, held for limited periods in local jails ... Or executed." In prisons, asylums, and poorhouses inadequately trained staff resulted in (330) "overcrowding and the use of brutality to keep order."

Meanwhile, the reasons for the buildup to the Civil War included the fact (374) that "Southerners would not have reacted so strongly to real or imagined threats to its survival -- if an influential class of whites had not had a vital and growing economic interest ... " in slavery. On page 378, the authors write that "Some Southerners were obviously making money, and a great…. [read more]


How Radical Was the American Revolution Term Paper

… ¶ … Radical was the American Revolution

The American Revolution, as seen from the perspective of a historian began mildly enough with colonists attempting to affirm their rights, via the existing Parliament of England, (Middlekauff 160-162) and ended with the radical notion that as outsiders they would never be truly represented and therefore must reject the motherland and create a new nation. There was no place in the world, of colonial rule at the time where this was repeated and therefore the American Revolution was clearly one of the most radical of its kind.

Despite the traditional English celebration of independence and liberty, no one in this hierarchical society could be truly independent, truly free. No relationship could be exclusive or absolute; each was relative,…. [read more]


American Studies Environment and Native Americans Term Paper

… American Studies

Environment And Native Americans

American Indians historically have been the pioneers of environmental protection even though the true authentic image of Native American environmental ethic has been distorted in wake of romantic environmentalism, by the Hollywood. Sierra Club book on forestry says, "For many thousands of years, most of the indigenous nations on this continent practiced a philosophy of protection first and use second of the forest."(Anderson, 1997). While the History of Native American resource does not necessarily meld environmental issues with ethics. Modern environmentalists are patronizing American Indians and thereby, neglecting the lesson of their rich heritage fathering Resource Conservation. Interior Secretary Stewart Udall said, "The Indians were, in truth, the pioneer ecologists of this country."

True that American Indians have transformed…. [read more]


American Loyalists Term Paper

… American Loyalists

The American Revolution is considered to be one of the most important events in the history of the American people. In most cases it is considered to be an essential stage in the formation of the American nationality and culture. It was a desire for independence from the British Empire. However, although the ideal was the creation of a new state, not all the forces in the colonies militated for such a breakup with the British Empire. These were the Loyalists which fought against the creation of the United States and against the Revolution.

The American Loyalists, also called Tories, were considered to be representatives of all the walks of life. In most situations, "the majority were small farmers, artisans and shopkeepers. Not…. [read more]


Theodore Roosevelt Research Proposal

… Theodore Roosevelt: An American for a New Age

Few Americans have so profoundly influenced the modern era as Theodore Roosevelt. Statesman and cultural crusader, the twenty-sixth president of the United States brought issues of race, conservation, and American power to the forefront of public discussion. Roosevelt was both a product of his times and a sign of things to come. Raised in New York City, he developed an affinity for the American West and all that it symbolized. Product of the era of the Civil War, he advanced upon the issues that came out of the conflict and tried to lead the country forward. Roosevelt's views on race and social relations would reflect reformist attitudes. He believed strongly in the idea of projecting American power…. [read more]


Soviet Afghan War Conflict Analysis Thesis

… Soviet-Afgan War Conflict Analysis

FOCUS & OBJECTIVE of the STUDY

The objective of this work is to analyze the Soviet-Afghan War that lasted from 1978 to 1989. At focus in this study is that in this particular conflict the capable Soviet military invaded a powerless Afghanistan in support of the Marxist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan in their battle against the Mujahedeen, a grassroots militia resistance force.

Despite the well-armed troops and superior technology employed by the Russians, in the form of tanks and helicopters, the Mujahedeen was victorious in a long and bloody war of attrition. This was in no small part to intelligence and arms provided to the Mujahedeen by the U.S. After the defeat of the Russians was achieved, the U.S. turned…. [read more]


Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]


Ideology and U.S. Foreign Relations Essay

… Ideology and U.S. foreign relations

Foreign Relations

Howard Zinn (1991), author of Declarations of independence: cross-examining American ideology, begins his book by saying that when the idea that black people were "less than human" entered Western consciousness several centuries ago, it made the Atlantic slave trade able to happen, during which time approximately 40 million people died; the beliefs concerning racial inadequacy, related to blacks or Jews, Arabs or Orientals, have led to more instances of genocide; the idea that communism in Vietnam was a threat to our "national security" presented by political leaders in 1964 (and one that Americans accepted) led to certain policies that cost a million lives -- including 55,000 young Americans; other ideas like "laissez-faire" (leave the poor to their own…. [read more]


American Revolution, Production of Staple Products Grew Term Paper

… ¶ … American Revolution, production of staple products grew, economic risks decreased, transportation improved and individual merchants and small companies experienced reduced costs through improvement of economies of scale (McCusker & Menard, 22). Contrary to the Colonial Period, with the increasing demand for U.S. agricultural products, American farmers and merchants were no longer in debt to the British traders. Further, growing demand, in part due to Anglo-French wars, led in increased production of American products. As a result, across the country, there was an impetus by the settlers and recent arrivals to take advantage of the economic opportunities in this newly established nation. Depending on the geographical location, this economic push had a different historical impact. The books the Whiskey Rebellion, the Long, Bitter Trail…. [read more]


Assassination of President Mckinley Term Paper

… Rugged and confident in his schemes, Roosevelt was tiles in his fight for the underdog pushing the nation to become one of the forefront empires of its day and righting its wrongs. Averse to corruption and invincible to enemies, Roosevelt waged a mighty war against enemies of the people on both a domestic and foreign field.

He was also the nations' first modern president. He advocated for women's rights. His undergraduate thesis at Harvard, for instance, was on this topic.

Said Roosevelt:

"Much can be done by law towards putting women on a footing of complete and entire equal rights with man - including the right to vote, the right to hold and use property, and the right to enter any profession she desires on…. [read more]


Reconstruction 1863-1877 Term Paper

… American History

The Defeated South

The confederacy was confronted by the defeat set upon them. This was a time to come to grips with the idea of a democracy and what it meant. Now was a time of uncertainty, no one was quite sure of how the now defeated states of the Confederacy would blend cohesively into the union preserving and maintaining the unity and power of America. Significant numbers of lives were lost, two-thirds of the region's wealth had been destroyed, and the slaves who counted for one third of the population were now free.

Inquires began to build regarding how could the North feel confident that it could reestablish a working independence dealing with citizens that could end up being defiant due to…. [read more]


Foreign Aid in Haiti Capstone Project

… Foreign Aid in Haiti

The natural disaster that struck Haiti at the beginning of 2010 can be considered as an important international crisis from several points-of-view. Natural disasters are phenomena which can hardly be controlled, regardless of the nation it hits or the technology invented in the last decades. Notwithstanding the advancement of technology and informational systems, it is very difficult to predict events as those which took place in Haiti in January 2010. Despite of these aspects, the response given to this crisis is in fact the result of the thirty years of failure in foreign aid from the international community.

According to news media, the death toll of the Haiti disaster hit 212,000 deaths, as of February 2010 (CNN, 2010). However, the total…. [read more]


Japanese American Internment During World War II an Ethnographic Survey Term Paper

… Anthropology

Japanese-American Internment during the Second World War:

An Ethnographic Survey

The interning of Japanese-Americans during the Second World War ranks among the most infamous episodes of American history. Cores of thousands of men, women, and children - many of them native born citizens of the United States - were forcibly removed from their homes on the West Coast and held under detention in camps in the interior portions of the country. The reason given for these extraordinary measures was one of wartime necessity, the need to eliminate potentially subversive elements from the general population. Japanese-Americans, being of different race, ethnicity, and cultural background than the vast majority of Americans were viewed as an alien population living in the midst of the nation's cities, towns,…. [read more]


Sociology: Anti-Immigration Policies -California Proposition Term Paper

… " Inclusive are the categories of:

"Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens"

"Refugee and asylee adjustments"

"Certain parolees from the Soviet Union and Indochina"

"Cancellation of removal; and"

"Aliens who applied for adjustment of status after having unlawfully resided in the United States since January 1, 1982 and certain special agricultural workers. (The application period ended on November 39, 1988; most recipient of this status gained permanent resident status in fiscal years 1878-92)"

V. Comparison of the Policies:

Proposition 187 was quiet rigid toward immigrants and seems to change the face of Lady Liberty. It is a long held belief that the United States is a nation that does not turn away the poor and wretched feeling from oppression or poverty in their country, but is…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Affairs Term Paper

… 1962 Memo Recommending Presidential Action

To the Chair, Robert Kennedy

The United States is at present faced with the threat of nuclear attack by the Soviet Union, which has installed missiles on the nation-island of Cuba, a Communist country. Cuba, being on friendly terms with the Soviet Union following the Bay of Pigs incident, entered into agreements of partnership for certain economic exchanges in support in Cuba's declining economy (Powaski, Ronald, 1998, p. 132). The relationship between the two countries has advanced, and Cuba, which did not previously declare itself to be a Communist country, has, since establishing a relationship and economic partnership with the Soviet Union, now declares itself a Communist country (the Washington Times, 2005, p. A21). As such, Cuba acts in synergy…. [read more]


Inductive Argument Analysis Original Argument: Prompt: Abraham Essay

… Inductive Argument Analysis

Original Argument:

Prompt: Abraham Lincoln ( 1809-1865 ) was the sixteenth president of the United States. Self-educated, Lincoln had a knack for asking the right questions about important issues, such as slavery and war, and then examining all sides of the arguments before coming to a conclusion.

Lincoln's election as president in 1860 led to the secession in 1861 of southern slave-owning states and to a 4-year civil war that cost 600,000 American lives, North and South. Although Lincoln had long agreed that slavery should be permitted in states where it was already legal, in the course of the Civil War he concluded that if slavery is immoral, then it should not be legal at all in the United States. Lincoln also…. [read more]


Examine the Relationship or Issues Between Multiculturalism and American Identity Thesis

… Multicultural Perspective in America

The answer to why Americans are welcoming of other cultures in a way that is perhaps not observable in other countries, is that Americans are a people whom since the beginning of their brief history as a country, are always seeking to connect to their ancestral roots. When America broke from its European father, King James VI, the members of the thirteen colonies were rejecting the economic relationship between the U.S. And the colonies, not their European roots (Howard, Con, Doyle, David, and Dudley, Owen, 1980, 16). In the years following the Revolutionary War, Americans were focused on the hardships of surviving and expanding in a hostile land. There was little time or means by which to document the roots of…. [read more]


Causes of the Civil War From a Southern Perspective Term Paper

… Civil War

Although history is usually written by the victors, the Southern perspective of the Civil War never completely fell by the wayside. Issues related to states' rights and to the rights of African-Americans remain central to American politics and because President Johnson was a Southerner, his brand of Reconstruction enabled the partial preservation of Southern points-of-view. However, the very name of the Civil War reflects the Northern victory. Post-Civil War domestic policy also ensured the breakdown of the Southern plantation culture, at least officially. Alternately referred to as the War of Northern Aggression or the War of Southern Independence, the Civil War was fought over the following central issues from the Southern perspective. First, the Confederate states supported the rights of the states to…. [read more]


Does Immigration Hurt American Workers? Term Paper

… ¶ … Immigration hurt American Workers

The era of globalization can be seen as one of the most remarkable periods in the history of human kind. There is an endless and unlimited access to markets around the world, to resources, and to an endless variety of workforce. It is often considered to be a real revolution with similar impact as the industrial revolution or the bourgeoisie revolution. The information era we live in has made available to the production forces around the world the entire array of labor in the world, without any regard for national barriers or cultural differences.

The United States, as one of the most important countries in the world has attracted tens of millions of immigrants in search for a better…. [read more]


Effects of Ethnocentrism in American Society Term Paper

… ¶ … Ethnocentrism in American Society

On September 11, 2001, not only did a major tragic event occur on American soil that resulted in the loss of thousands of innocent civilians, but it was also an event that American President George W. Bush described as awakening a "sleeping giant (the Washington Times, 2004, p. A21)." The sleeping giant Mr. Bush referred to was perhaps different than the one which ultimately lay awake in the years following 9/11 contemplating America at war on not one, but two, foreign landscapes; the loss of young American lives as result of those engagements, the seemingly increasing hatefulness with which much of the rest of the world perceived America and the inexplicable blind-eye of ethnocentrism with which most Americans viewed…. [read more]


Civil War American Indian Term Paper

… ¶ … conflict between Native Americans and colonists was inevitable from the beginning. The insurgence of colonialism from the 17th to the 18th century led to the complete transformation of the Eastern American frontier from wilderness to colonial settlements. As a result, the "Indian Civil Wars" between the colonists and the various Indian nations represented some of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. This conflict, which occurred concurrently with the American revolutionary war eventually led to the destruction of the Indian Nations west of the Mississippi. Although often discussed within history books as massacres and genocide, a real examination of the Indian wars upon standards of a "just war" has been lacking. The following analysis will look to understand the conflicts between Native Americans and…. [read more]


Mexican-American War -1848) the Great Essay

… In this regard, Huston emphasizes that, "In their search for an understanding of what the future might bring under the Wilmot prohibition, southerners were misled by classical economic theory; and thus they read into the Wilmot Proviso a more grim outcome than was likely."

Although history provides 20-20 hindsight, it appears that few observers at the time could have predicted the unintentional impact that the Wilmot Proviso would have on America's historical course. As Huston concludes, "By this route, by leading southerners to miscalculate the effects of a prohibition against slavery's geographical expansion, Malthusian population theory, and classical political economy in general, helped push the South to secession and the nation to civil war."

The Popular Sovereignty proposal to allow voters to decide on slavery…. [read more]


Healthcare Policy Issue and Nursing Strategies Essay

… Nursing

Policy Issue Analysis: The National Nursing Shortage

The healthcare industry is afflicted by a wide array of internal problems, policy issues and systemic flaws. Included among them are the prohibitively high costs of medical treatment, the inaccessibility of healthcare coverage for many system users and the frequency of preventable occurrences like medical error or health system negligence. One of the root problems in the healthcare system, a mounting crisis which impacts all of these and other areas of the industry, is the shortage of registered nurses and of healthcare workers in general.

Problem Identification:

In the face of rising demands for healthcare providers, the industry is experiencing records gaps in its ability to treat patients in the system. And projection suggest that this condition…. [read more]


Jefferson's Revolutionary Prose: A Rhetorical Analysis Essay

… Thomas Jefferson authored the Declaration of Independence, a document presenting an argument for overthrowing British rule within the 13 colonies and creating an independent nation. The colonists had become tired of high taxes, official indifference to property and privacy rights, and having little say in how they were being governed by King George III. Although the entire world could conceivably have been the intended audience, this seems unlikely given the inflammatory statements and what may have been a calculated indifference towards oppressive rulers the world over. The Declaration of Independence is therefore as much a justification for overthrowing one of the most powerful governments of the time, as it is a set of revolutionary ideals upon which future governments should be based. The intended audience,…. [read more]


Mexican American War and Civil Term Paper

… Mexican-American War and Civil War

The Mexican-American war between the two neighboring countries can be considered to have played an important role in the shaping of the history of the two nations. The 1846-48 conflict represented a defining moment for the two especially due to the essential issues they posed for both countries. In this sense, the issue of race and class distinction was an important aspect of the war which pointed out the differences between the two as well as the essential nature of such aspect at the time of the war.

The war pointed out the wide differences between two totally opposing societies. The American nation represented a new emerging society in which the norms and the rules were inspired by an old…. [read more]


Glorious Cause: The American Revolution Book Review

… Middlekauff does an excellent job of showing how the war was less about legendary heroes and more about conflict between those who sought to profit from the colonies and those how wanted their freedom. As armed conflict develops, the author captures the quality of eighteenth century warfare and the reader feels truly present at some of the famous battles. The book also shows the human side of the American army, and how Washington wrestled with the fact that many were reluctant to fight.

After the excitement of the early phases of revolution, the middle part of the book is a little less engaging, and gets a bit bogged down in scholarly language, but the final detailed narrative of how the Constitution evolves and is ratified…. [read more]


Americans With Disabilities Act Essay

… Non-tariff barrier, tariff barrier and voluntary constraint are the few common barriers to international trade (Stoll & Schorkopf, 2006).

Taking into account the barrier of tariff in an international trade, it usually refers to the duties, taxes and quotas are imposed on the countries that are making an export to the other country. The home country (that is making an import) employs tariffs on the other countries so that they can discourage the exporter country and reduce the items that are imported. Due to the decreased import, the prices of the imported items are escalated to an accelerated level. Consequently, the imported items witness a fall in their demand, and hence the demand for the domestic products is boosted (Stoll & Schorkopf, 2006).

For example,…. [read more]


American History American Labor Essay

… The movement encouraged participation of women and set up marketing systems that would guarantee small farmers higher earnings from their crop yield. The movement was also successful in advocating for a low fee on the railroad and warehouse services Martello R., 2010()

Changes in Organized labor

The first labor unions in the history of United States were formed by skilled workers before the civil war. The skilled labor unions were formed in line with the specialization or line of work undertaken but, they amalgamated to form the "national Labor Union." The union advocated for better treatment of workers through advocacy for social reforms, establishment of worker cooperatives, moderation of working hours and equal right for women Brian J.G., 2004.

The union however, did not support…. [read more]


American's With Disabilities Act Essay

… " The ADA is balanced in providing for the employer or business person as well. Employers do not have to provide accommodations if it would create undue hardship and businesses can limit their accessibility expenses by citing undue burden. A transition plan can be created for facilities to address accessibility issues in the future.

Additionally many students with disabilities have benefited from the ADA. Public schools must now make jobs and educational opportunities available to people with disabilities. Schools must make classes available and remove architectural barriers that would prevent access by both students and educators with a disability. The federal government ensures compliance by withholding funding from schools that do not provide both separate and combined educational opportunities for students with disabilities.

Finally the…. [read more]

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