Viewing papers 1-20 of 20 for american AND indian AND culture AND before AND 1763

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American Revolution in the Mid Term Paper

… American Revolution

In the mid- to the late eighteenth century, there was growing discontent among the thirteen colonies in the Americas. The seeds of protest were laid, as the colonies questioned the wisdom of remaining under British rule. The fledgling country soon came together in a rebellion, one that would culminate in the American Revolutionary War and the creation of a new country.

The American Revolutionary movement, however, was far from a spontaneous uprising that culminated in the 1776 revolution. Rather, the revolution was paved by a variety of events and conditions. This paper looks at three of the biggest contributory factors, namely, the Seven-Year's War, the thriving economy of colonies, and the injustices of British rule, as manifested in policies such as the tax…. [read more]

French Indian War Altar Political Essay

… They decided on a 'plan of union' drafted by Benjamin Franklin. Under this plan each colonial legislature would elect delegates to an American continental assembly presided over by a royal governor," establishing more autonomy for the colonies (Power Point slide 22). However, British officials realized that, if adopted, the plan could create a very powerful government that His Majesty's Government might not be able to control. The plan was rejected by the Crown and by the legislatures in several of the colonies" (Power Point slide 22-23). Still, the Albany Plan planted the seed in many colonists' mind that they were justified in seeking greater control over their

The colonial conflicts that spawned French-Indian War spread into Europe, Africa, and Asia. In 1763, the French and…. [read more]

American Indian Culture Before 1763 Essay

… American Indian Culture Before 1763

Native American society prior to 1763

The Native American society was thriving before its interaction with the Europeans, especially given that natives had a thorough understanding of how they could exploit land without risking remaining without resources. By the eighteenth century many native tribes had relocated in order to avoid clashing with European settlers. The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the Six Nations) had taken opportunity of the fact that invading nations needed resources and organized diverse trading businesses meant to assist both their own people and settlers in their struggle to sustain themselves. From a cultural point-of-view, the Indians managed to preserve most of their cultural values, this most probably being a result of the fact that their society…. [read more]

French and Indian War Cultural Term Paper

… [11: Anderson, Fred (2000). Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. New York: Knopf]

The war is frequently seen as war that existed between France and Britain. However, Indian nations were also active participants of the War and hence, they had either sided with France or Britain. These tribes had played a dominant role in starting the war as well as the consequences of the war[footnoteRef:12]. To control the land, the fight was between the three nations and in late eighteenth century, it was not evident who would emerge as the dominant player. Iroquois, the five Indian tribes, had been successful at ensuring that French and British sides fight with one another in order to…. [read more]

Natisve Americans Native Essay

… al, 142). Native Americans, who were former allies of the French, were treated by British in a hostile and controlling manner. To this, they reacted in such a way that they launched Pontiac War.

The rebellion had been initiated in order to challenge Britain and the Native Americans, had been successful in displacing the British from their forts and forcing them to remove their policies, which had initiated the Pontiac War. However, by 1764, Native Americans concentrated on making peace with the British. This act had been initiated in as Native Americans did not have the stamina and the weapons and guns to fight the war as they did not have allies to supply them with weapons.

The decade of war in the Seven Years…. [read more]

History of Native Americans Essay

… 3. What is the Indian Reorganization Act or "Indian New Deal"?

The Indian New Deal or the Indian Reorganization Act could be recognized as the only dazzling mark by which the United States' administration treated the minorities elegantly (Roberts).

The Indian New Deal terminated the Allotment Act and reconsolidate the reservation lands for Native Americans so that they could be restored to the communal society. The next step that was taken was the organization of the Native American tribes as a corporation. This New Deal also reformed the education for the minorities. The federal government was asked to allocate more funds to schools for the accommodation of a higher number of native children. The encouragement of Native Americans' traditional art and craft was also a…. [read more]

Algonquin Indian Tribes of Michigan and the Influence the Early French Term Paper

… Agonquin Indian Tribes of Michigan and the Influence the Early French Had on These Tribes

The history of the American people is the result of numerous influences that have put their mark on what is today the American culture and heritage. The entire array of factors that have determined the unique yet troubled history of the United States belong to numerous cultures and civilization that have remained to this day important landmarks for the definition of the cultural framework of this country. In this sense, the Indians have had a considerable contribution to the establishment of the cultural background as well as of the environment in which later settlers, such as the Europeans would place their mark and in which they would develop a distinctive…. [read more]

Shaping of the Colonies Essay

… " Once again Franklin misjudged the devoted defense of one's homeland engrained in the identity of a cornered culture, expressed thusly with typical eloquence by Pontiac's final summation: "And as for these English, - these dogs dressed in red, who have come to rob you of your hunting grounds, and drive away the game, - you must lift the hatchet against them."

After decades spent dispatching natives from the confines of constantly expanding British and French empires, both through the deployment of merciless military campaigns and the slow erosion of their cultural heritage, the stewards of burgeoning new civilizations were charged with the arduous task of locating a cheap and expendable labor force. While the imprisonment and import of African slaves formed the foundation of…. [read more]

Illegal Immigrants in the U.S Term Paper

… ¶ … illegal immigrants in the U.S. And the possibility of legalizing their status. The article shows: how illegal immigration is currently being dealt with, the views of people on the issue and the flexibility being exhibited by the government. The author makes it clear that while illegal immigration has always been a problem for the country and most people feel country must be protected against such immigration, still illegal entrance into the U.S. should not be criminalized. Very few, if any, percentage of people interviewed supported felony status, the rest felt that while it was not correct to let illegal immigration prosper, there was also no particular need for categorized it as a crime or serious offence.

Illegal immigration is a problem, which the…. [read more]

European Epidemics on Native American Term Paper

… They thought the goods given to them by the Europeans were gifts for the use of the resources, a custom of their society. This was not the case. They had actually bought the land with these "gifts."

Restriction of The Native Americans' food supplies, the following malnutrition, worsened by alcohol they were plied with by the settlers, as well as the recurring epidemics of European diseases, further depleted the Native Americans and destroyed their lifestyles.


In conclusion, it was not war that wiped out the Native Americans, but diseases such as smallpox, measles, malaria, and influenza. Native Americans had no resistance to these diseases and entire tribes were soon decimated by fast-spreading epidemics.

Before the Europeans came to America, the Native Americans had a…. [read more]

Conflicts and Amity of the Algonquian Indians and Settlers Thesis

… ¶ … conflict and amity of the Algonquian Indians and the incoming settlers. The Algonquian Indians were one of the most numerous tribes of Indians living in North America before English settlers began arriving. They lived from Virginia northward into Canada and westward to the Rocky Mountains. A history Web site notes, "The term 'Algonquian' refers to 'A place for spearing fishes and eels.' Because Northern weather patterns made growing food difficult, the Algonquian moved their families from place to fish, hunt, trap, and gather roots, seeds, wild rice, and berries" (Editors). The Algonquians were the Native Americans the first English settlers at Jamestown, Virginia encountered, and this encounter would begin to change the Indians' lives forever.

The chief of the Virginia Algonquians was Powhatan,…. [read more]

Women's History the Passing Term Paper

… Although they were spaced a century apart, the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War shared similar implications, as both helped a new nation define itself in theory and geographically. The first forged a new nation, independent of Great Britain; the other preserved the political and geographic integrity of that new nation. Both had wide-reaching social, political, and economic implications for all Americans. However, women were classified as second-class citizens during and after both wars. The Civil War freed the slaves but did not offer women the right to vote. Although women served their cause in many ways: from assuming the business duties of their husbands in combat to dressing like men and taking up arms, "few people seemed to appreciate women's efforts," (201).…. [read more]

British Agricultural Revolution and English Research Proposal

… 4 An example of such claims included those of the colonies of Massachusetts that stretched across present day Michigan and Wisconsin.5 This battle beyond the Appalachian Mountains between Whites and Native Americans had international repercussions, namely, with the British government. After 1763, the Crown was interested in maintaining peace in her newly won territories, a peace that was necessary to pay down a huge war debt. The last thing the British government wanted at this time was to reopen war with the natives, especially after Pontiac's War and their conclusion of a peace treaty. Indeed, the Crown moved to check westward settler advancement, opening a rift between the British government and the colonists that would help bring about revolution later on.6 This did not stop…. [read more]

Politics Makes Strange Bedfellows Term Paper

… This remains true in widely diverse cultures despite the fact that race is not - by the accounts of both biologists and physical anthropologists - a scientifically useful category for the simple reason that people cannot be clearly and unambiguously divided into discrete sets based on physical characteristics.

It is in fact most accurate to look at the idea of races within a (as purely as possible) biological framework. As such it is the identification within a species of subpopulations whose members share with one another a greater degree of common inheritance than they share with individuals from other such subpopulations. This is a neutral definition so far (except for the fact that it doe tend to assume that such identifications are meaningful and useful…. [read more]

French Fur Trade Term Paper

… ¶ … discovery of the "New World" came an increased need for European nations be competitive for resources. The concept of mercantilism that drove European political and economic understanding argued that there were limited resources and that power is granted to the class of individuals who can first recover this source of wealth. When French and English governments saw that the Spanish returned from America filled with reservoirs of precious metals and gold, they also wanted to be included in the wealth of discovery. Even as Columbus continued to comb the West Indies, both France and England sent explorative teams to the northern reaches of the American continent. Through their discoveries one of the most important early products from America was commoditized. By the time…. [read more]

Southwest History Susan Shelby Magoffin Term Paper

… Santa Fe was quiet at the time, with only the sound of marching heard at the time. The new Mexicans could have welcomed the American forces for promise of protection they offered against the Texans. But only few of them quietly received the arriving American troops and the suspicion was that resistance was silenced by Governor Manuel Armijo who was said to have been paid by an American agent to turn New Mexico over peacefully. In any case, a military government under General Kearny was set up in Santa Fe and promised to honor the civil and religious rights of the New Mexicans. He kept his word but peace did not last long. Susan Shelby Magoffin recorded her observation of the leadership and behavior of…. [read more]

Isuues Pertaining to Colonization Issues Essay

… Each of these nations had a system and theory of colonial rule.

Spain focused on converting people to Christianity. Queen Isabella was committed to the Catholic Church and was concerned with saving native souls. As a result missions were established in all of Spain's territories. The church brought culture to the new world including music, literature and academics in the form of Universities such as the University of Cordoba, established more than a century before Harvard. However, the Spanish system of rule was inflexible and all major decisions were made in Spain, half a world away, this limited their ability to rule effectively ("English, French, and Spanish Colonies," NDI).

The French wishes to assimilate the native peoples, exporting their culture, food and language. They perceived…. [read more]

Economy of Colonial America Term Paper

… " Using this formula, and plugging the math into 1980 dollars, per capita income for "free" colonists in 1650 was $572; for 1720 it was $826; and for 1774 it rose to $1,043, according to McCusker's research. There was a dramatic disparity between wealth in the "Upper and Lower South" and the New England and Middle Colonies (Table 3.3, 61). To wit, the "Net Worth per Free White Person" (NWPFWP) in New England (using Pounds Sterling) in 1774 was 33.00; in the Middle Colonies in the same year it was 51.00; but in the Upper and Lower South, it was 132.00 Pounds Sterling. One reason New England lagged behind in NWPFWP (92) was that those settlers "...lacked a major staple commodity to export" to the…. [read more]

Canadian Political History Term Paper

… World War I, known at the time as the Great War, was a major challenge to countries caught up in the conflict. The war involved a massive mobilization of manpower on a scale not seen before, and getting enough men into the military was a difficult proposition for many countries. Canada entered the war early with more than 30,000 volunteers in the army, forming the First Canadian Division of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. In time, tensions developed between the English-speaking Canadians and the French-speaking Quebecois. The latter wer seen as not doing their part, and this belief was bound with a broader effort to ban French and destroy the French-speaking community in Canada. The issue would soon also be bound with a debate over conscription…. [read more]

Leadership Oforganizational Change Term Paper

… The colonists were ultimately looking to restructure the organization of the political system that governed them, going from one of dependents on the British government to an independently formed nation. This sort of transformation would address the underlying social issues, which revolved around the lack of governmental representation under the British system of authority, and the disliked taxes which emphasized the former problem. As such, the colonists believed that they were protecting and empowering their own community, by allowing its member to form the government of the fledgling U.S.

The interaction of these various contexts, of course, was integrated via a form of leadership that actually grew in authority, organization, and formality, as the new nation emerged. Members of the collective that is known as…. [read more]

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