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Native American Consumers in Counseling and Rehabilitation Research Paper

… Native Americans

Health and Alcohol Counseling for Native Americans

Native American populations are among the more notoriously disadvantaged demographics in the United States today. Following generations of genocide, Native Americans have largely persisted in the sad state of affairs created by relegation to reservation life. Here, Native Americans often live in isolation from broader society and the socioeconomic, educational and professional opportunities present there within. A byproduct of these conditions is the intersection of negative health indicators, negative mental health indicators and high risk susceptibility to drug and alcohol abuse. As the discussion hereafter reveals, the intersection of conditions such as diabetes, alcoholism, drug dependency and depression demands outreach through both counseling and rehabilitation channels.

Before exploring these channels, it is appropriate to acknowledge some…. [read more]

Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]

American Indian Studies Native Essay

… It was traditionally used to transmit religious beliefs because it conveys cultural tradition" (Oral Tradition And Origin Myth, n.d).

One of the most widespread forms of oral tradition is the story. Storytelling is a skill passed down from one generation to another. Just as with any arrangement of art, practice is the key. The storyteller must be able to gain the complete attention of the listeners; otherwise part of the lesson will be lost. The transmission of lessons by word of mouth leaves them susceptible to dissimilar understandings and fading forever. The story can cease to survive if it is forgotten; because there are no backup copies, the people's memories are the keepers of the scripts (Oral Tradition and Origin Myth, n.d).

One manner in…. [read more]

Native Americans Dakota and Lakota Essay

… The Native Indians also further declined with the arrival of the Europeans. Diseases took the best of every village including pneumonia, cholera, smallpox, and measles. The Indians had no built-in immunity to help them fight these diseases and so they either severely suffered from malnutrition or even died. This also forced them to leave their native villages, farming lands and their traditional hunting (Sutton, 2009).

Early historians, explorers, and colonialists considered the Native Americans as godless heathens and barbarians. Evidently, many the missionaries tried their best to convert the religion of the Natives, which they considered it as their divine obligation to save the savaged souls. In many cases, the Native Americans had involved themselves in trade with the English in terms of food supply…. [read more]

American Indian History 1895-1995 Reaction Paper

… Native Americans, New Voices: American Indian History, 1895-1995," David Edmunds discusses the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored in scholastic approaches to American history throughout the late 19th and early 20th century, but that this focus changed in the 1960s when the Civil Rights movement encouraged awareness of Native American history. He focuses on several different aspects of the historical portrayal of Native Americans to come to this conclusion. First, he highlights how Native Americans were portrayed in popular media as a group that had been defeated and gives examples of these portrayals. Second, he discusses the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored in historical scholarship, focusing on the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored or marginalized in the American Historical Review…. [read more]

American Indian Movement the Poorest Research Paper

… One example is the effort of the tribes to bring back the Northern Bison in the buffalo nation, and the Native Americans are taking steps to bring back the bison. Thus there is a great enthusiasm in the Indian country for bison restoration, and historically this was an effort seen during the 1870s or 1880s when the tribes saved the bison to 1970s, to 1990s when steps were taken to restore them on reservations.

Another example of recognition that the Indian community received is seen in the episodes of recognition that have been reported. In the Choctaw Nation Tribal Council in 1992, tribal councilman Charley Jones who went to France to represent the Choctaw Nation says that the French government "wished to renew their friendship."…. [read more]

Native Americans: Separate and Unequal Term Paper

… 3). In a manner that mirrors the attitude of the Quechans, the Cherokee also sought federal protection, but wanted to maintain their sovereignty. In other words, Native Americans were trying to negotiate a place within the expanding European society in North America, but without sacrificing their values, beliefs, and sovereignty. The colonial powers, whether British, Spanish, French, or U.S., responded sometimes brutally by segregating them physically and culturally.

An essential component of the colonial response was to establish boarding schools through the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (Oliver, 1996, p. 10-13). The goal was to indoctrinate Native American children in Christian values, the English language, property ownership, and the American work ethic, while stripping them of their native culture and language. Twenty-five boarding schools were…. [read more]

Native Art of North Term Paper

… She and Laurens Hammack describe in detail the ritual and cosmological role of caves, solstice marking, the two-headed snake, lakes, shrines, and kickball games intended to make rain. The parallels also include the deities known in Mexico as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca." (Sorenson, 1987)

II. Similarities of Ceramics

Ceramics is another area of art form that can be found as similar in North American and Mesoamerican Indian cultures. For example, Ceramics from the middle Savannah River in Georgia and South Carolina (known as Stallings, Stallings Island, or St. Simons) are similar to those of the earlier Puerto Homiga ceramics of Colombia. The following pictures show first, a piece of Stallings Ceramic followed by two pictures of Puerto Homiga ceramics of Colombia.

Figure 1 -- Stallings…. [read more]

Native American History Term Paper

… The purpose of Tracks was to tell its audience about the history, which lay behind the American Natives. Albert Hurtado and Peter Inverson in their novel Major Problems in American Indian History focus this similar theme. The book intends to relate the Indian history by revealing extensive, dissension and pedagogic diversity. The novel once again points out the many problems faced by the Indians, which is told in a form of a story in Tracks by Nanapush.

Erdrich Louise's work Tracks have been critically analyzed for the tensions between Christianity and Chippewa religion. Many say that the tension between the two is probably due to the multi-cultural heritage of the writer herself. Like any other people, the Chippewa Indians are highly spiritual and turn to…. [read more]

Native American Responses to Anglo Essay

… Native Americans and Westward Expansion

Although the period in American history known as Westward Expansion brings to mind covered wagons of settlers moving to develop open land in the West, the West had been settled, and explored, far before this era. In fact, during the colonial times, the French, Spanish, and even Russians, joined the British in exploring and colonizing the new world ("American Westward Movement" 2008). For the Americans, Westward expansion meant the furthering of a nation, new business opportunities, and exotic lands. For the Native Americans, it meant tears.

The Native American reaction to Westward expansion and nation building was filled with sorrow. This is to be expected, based on what the Americans forced the Native Americans to give up so that they…. [read more]

Native American's With Alcoholism Term Paper

… For instance, the rate of diabetic end stage renal disease is as much as six times higher in the Native American population. The number of Native Americans who have had limb amputations due to diabetes is as much as four times higher than in the general population. Among the many possible causes of this situation are poverty, the lack of access to medical resources and comparatively low membership of medical plans among Native Americans.

4. Strategies and Rehabilitation

Both alcohol abuse and diabetes are symptomatic of underlying and extensive problems affecting Native Americans. Therefore, as many health care workers suggest, the strategy and readies to alleviate and deal with these problems requires a deeper understanding of the fundamental roots of the problems. " ... any…. [read more]

Native Americans Gregory E. Dowd- the Indians Term Paper

… Native Americans

Gregory E. Dowd- The Indians Great Awakening

In his The Indians Great Awakening, Gregory Evans Dowd recounts the struggle for resistance of a few American Indian tribes against the British- American expansion. Dowd gives an unique and very interesting interpretation of the events taking place during the mid- eighteenth during the colonization of the Native Americans. The particularity of his view lies in the fact that he sees the Indians' spiritual and political resistance to the Anglo-American expansion in terms of an "awakening" of their sense of unity as a people, in spite of the tribal division and the geographical or linguistic differences deriving from this.

Gregory Dowd's book, A Spirited Resistance. The North American Indian Struggle for Unity 1745-1815, was published in…. [read more]

American Civil War/Sioux Indians Cowboys Term Paper

… They, wisely, feared the worst. Yet, despite their refusal to sign the treaty, Red Cloud went to Washington "wearing a big top hat" and shook hands with Grant, ratifying the treaty into law.

As this was happening, and important ties between tribes were being circumvented for relationship and power transfers with the insurgent governance from Washington, Michael Blake ignored the growing tension in his screenplay, whose struggle to present an accurate picture in three hours meant a necessary temporal departure from correctness.

"There were some very poetic and nature-loving Indians all over the place," Seals postured, "and the beautiful white babe who had been captured as a pioneer child, her whole family butchered by them sneaky Pawnees, but nowhere were there ay of the complex…. [read more]

American Studies Environment and Native Americans Term Paper

… American Studies

Environment And Native Americans

American Indians historically have been the pioneers of environmental protection even though the true authentic image of Native American environmental ethic has been distorted in wake of romantic environmentalism, by the Hollywood. Sierra Club book on forestry says, "For many thousands of years, most of the indigenous nations on this continent practiced a philosophy of protection first and use second of the forest."(Anderson, 1997). While the History of Native American resource does not necessarily meld environmental issues with ethics. Modern environmentalists are patronizing American Indians and thereby, neglecting the lesson of their rich heritage fathering Resource Conservation. Interior Secretary Stewart Udall said, "The Indians were, in truth, the pioneer ecologists of this country."

True that American Indians have transformed…. [read more]

Native American Cultures of North Term Paper

… Native American Culture

Intolerance of native religion is a theme that pervades Native American studies, as the conditions that many Indian nations suffered were guised with a highly religiously motivated idea of manifest destiny. The Cherokee nation was no exception, as many members sought to live a life that was chosen for them, rather than made by choice. One hundred and fifty years of Cherokee history is peppered first with the ideal manifest destiny of taming the uncultured "barbarian" spirit by faith. Early in the Cherokee history there was struggles with conversion, indoctrination and intolerance of traditional ways. The modern Cherokee movement has been to meld Christianity (forced upon them by white society, with the spirit of the old knowledge and religion, which like many…. [read more]

Native Americans the Aleutian Islands Term Paper

… ' who owned titles and resources, while the commoners, although free, did not. The 'ruling class' did not, however, rule by divine right. Instead:

Inherited chiefly or elite status had to be validated by performance -- leadership of raids to acquire slaves and booty, management of trade and political alliances, and success in organizing food and wealth production by the corporate kin group. Successful 'rich men' organized feasts (potlatches) and ceremonies which served to redistribute goods and enhance personal and group... household size was thereby linked to potential political influence. (Crowell, unpaged)

There were also occupational and ritual classes, which included artists, shamans, whalers and the Alutiiq kas'at, or 'wise men.' The communities supported these specialists, especially the shamans. (Crowell, unpaged)

While the political arrangements…. [read more]

Native American Culture Term Paper

… In 1968 the first tribal college opened on the Navajo reservation and by 1995, there were twenty-nine such college (Natives Pp). There are numerous radio stations, as well a newspapers and periodicals (Natives Pp).

A common concept among the majority of Native tribes is that of a dual divinity: "a Creator who is responsible for the creation of the world and is recognized in religious ritual and prayers, and a mythical individual, a hero or trickster, who teaches culture, proper behavior and provides sustenance to the tribe" (Native pp). Totems are a part of the spiritual path and represent the understanding cultural heritage as well as personality types (Meeks pp). Animal totems embody not only spiritual beings, messengers and guides, but also "embody some very…. [read more]

Native American Literature Annotated Bibliography

… Native American Lit

Wise, Bill and Bill Farnsworth (ill.). Louis Sockalexis: Native American Baseball Pioneer. New York: Lee & Low, 2007.

ISBN: 1584302690 9781584302698, 31 pages, color illustrations, IRA Children's Book Award, Carter G. Woodson Book Award. Juvenile audience.

A biography of professional baseball player Louis Sockalexis. Growing up in the late nineteenth century, Louis' dreams of becoming a baseball player were ridiculed because he was Native American. His success did not end the racism that plague him. Despite this, he managed to achieve his personal dreams and erode the racial barriers in this country to some degree.

-Somewhat overly simplistic in language given the subject matter; could be made more challenging

-Brevity of presentation allows for a quick yet highly informative read

-Illustrations well-matched…. [read more]

American West and Brazil, the People Term Paper

… American West and Brazil, The People Who Lived There First

The American West and Brazil: The People Who Lived There First

This paper addresses the Native American population in the West and compares it with the indigenous people of Brazil. While many people may feel as though there are no commonalities between these two groups, there actually are many similarities that can be addressed. The main similarity, however, and the issue dealt with in the following pages, is the fact that both of these groups of people have been displaced from what was rightfully theirs by others for reasons beyond their control and reasons that they most likely did not understand and would not agree with.

The Native Americans were displaced over colonization and Manifest…. [read more]

Native American Writers the Feminine Earth Mother Term Paper

… Native American Writers

The Feminine Earth Mother Through Two Different Styles

Comparison and Contrast of Cusick and Topahonso's Native American Literature

Though their work has echoed off the hills and valleys of the United States since before the first European even began to conceive of the New World, Native Americans have only recently been included in the survey of American Literature. In fact, David Cusick's early literary work concerning the Iraqouis Native Americans succeeded not only in establishing the Native American literary genre, but also in encouraging scholars to reevaluate Native American History Combining the melodious sounds of a sophisticated oral tradition with the beautiful imagery of an untainted United States' wilderness, Native American authors have given American Literature a unique selection of poetry and…. [read more]

Native Americans Earned Respect From the British Term Paper

… Native Americans Earned Respect From the British

Were early Native Americans truly as one people with the British? Idealistically, that might be pleasant to believe. However, there is at least some truth to the notion that the British admired the Native Americans in many ways, and indeed, shared "one heart" with the settlers, at least early in the relationship.

When the British first came to America, they found much to admire in the Native Americans. One historian notes, "The noble savage image was born in the first encounter with the white man and dwindled proportionately as the colonists' desire and ability to dominate the land escalated."

One of the main goals of many British colonials was to befriend the Native and Christianize them, as Eliot…. [read more]

American Studies One Theme Thesis

… None of the dramatic events of the 1960s really ended the segregation and poverty of minorities in America, and violent opposition to this exploded in the Los Angeles riots of 1992. Contemporary art, poetry and music like hip-hop also expressed rage and alienation and the unequal nature of American society, just as their predecessors did over the centuries.


Perhaps nothing sums up the paradoxes and complexities of the Equality vs. Hierarchy dichotomy in American than the election of Barack Obama in 2008. In the past, his election would have been impossible, even unthinkable, since no blacks or members of other minority groups could have aspired to the presidency. Apart from John F. Kennedy in 1961-63, all the other presidents from 1789 to 2008 were…. [read more]

American Political Thought Slavery Term Paper

… American Political Thought-Slavery

This report is a combination book review, autobiographical evaluation and political and social review. That is because the work will compare and contrast two very great men in American history: W.E.B. DuBois and Abraham Lincoln. Each of these historical figures left their mark on our society questioning dogma and by speaking against what they felt was wrong. Their views were highly critical of the accepted norms of their days and therefore they each suffered public criticisms and hatred related turmoil. DuBois personal philosophies got him labeled as a socialist (a nice way of calling someone a communist in the past) and of course, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated because of his views. This report tries to first get a feel for the Dubois…. [read more]

Career Developmental Needs of Native Americans Thesis

… Career Developmental Needs of Native Americans

The objective of this work is to examine the career developmental needs of Native Americans and primarily those residing in urban areas and reservations and specifically those in the Southwestern portion of the United States.

Historically, and as noted in the work of Delcruz (1978) social reality and historical relationships are much slower to change than "congressional wisdom," or in other words that which is legislated is often slow in application and implementation in changing the method that has been used throughout history in deal with relationships and the everyday real-life experiences of certain minorities and in this study specifically that of the Native American Indian.

Background of the Study

The work of Joseph B. Delzcruz entitled: "Educational Programs…. [read more]

American Indian Studies Native Term Paper

… "During the last decade, gaming has given Native people an avenue to enter higher education, develop tribal enterprises, tribal courts and health and mental health programs that meet the needs of their communities. Most importantly, Native people have reclaimed their independence" (Napoli, 2002).

Culturally, Native Americans have managed to educate the rest of the American population on their beliefs - and the atrocities committed to them in the past and present - through various means. From Pow-Pows held on Reservations, to PBS specials and Hollywood films, Native American history and beliefs have become widely known and revered. Sweat lodges and 'animal medicine' are commonly associated with the New Age movement, that has excelled their popularity through the decades, nevertheless, they are traditional aspects of Native…. [read more]

History of Native Americans Essay

… 3. What is the Indian Reorganization Act or "Indian New Deal"?

The Indian New Deal or the Indian Reorganization Act could be recognized as the only dazzling mark by which the United States' administration treated the minorities elegantly (Roberts).

The Indian New Deal terminated the Allotment Act and reconsolidate the reservation lands for Native Americans so that they could be restored to the communal society. The next step that was taken was the organization of the Native American tribes as a corporation. This New Deal also reformed the education for the minorities. The federal government was asked to allocate more funds to schools for the accommodation of a higher number of native children. The encouragement of Native Americans' traditional art and craft was also a…. [read more]

Social Change for American Indian Societies Term Paper

… NATIVE AMERICAN WORLDVIEW is grounded in historical and cultural changes and traditions. There may not only single way of looking at the world among surviving indigenous populations in the Americas but there are some common characteristics that shape the broader worldview. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Native Americans had had to experience political discrimination including an forceful assimilation policy that often used military power, forced relocation, repression, social and cultural regulation process and ban on use of some cultural ceremonies. Rick Hill (1988) writes about this prejudice:

There was also an assumption that Indians would be better off not being Indians, so that all 'pagan' trappings should be removed to liberate the Indian people from their inferior culture. The religion of the Indian people…. [read more]

African and Native Americans Essay

… Furthermore, while both groups would go on to suffer further discrimination and brutality well into the contemporary era, the legacy of the maroons and "Seminole freedmen" lives on in Florida and Oklahoma, where they were eventually forced to move as a result of the United States' forced relocations over the course of the nineteenth century.

Though the history and experiences of African-Americans and Native Americans are different in obvious ways, such as their relative geographical origins and the degree of respect or humanity they were afforded by European colonists, they also shared some interesting similarities that allowed for unique kinship and communities to form. While Native Americans were occasionally treated with just enough respect to get them to fight or trade in the name of…. [read more]

Indian Gaming in San Diego Essay

… In addition, the tribe has used its prosperity make some $30 million in donations to charitable organizations throughout the San Diego county. This is stated as continuing the Barona "tradition of sharing." Furthermore, one of the aims of the tribe is to preserve its cultural heritage for future generations (Barona Band of Mission Indians, 2013).

One potentially negative impact could be the rapid economic growth and market share of some Indian gaming casinos to the detriment of others. In a 2004 Newswire press release, for example, an economic study by Business Research and Economic Advisors (BREA) has found that ne Indian gaming compacts signed by some large Indian gaming casinos with the State of California could lead to the "massive destabilization of gaming in San…. [read more]

Indians'old World: Native Americans Essay

… Through the study of archaeological digs, it has been determined that Native American cultures did not isolate themselves from each other as broadly as once thought. Historians have largely depicted most Native American tribes as operating as individual units completely independent of other tribes but there is archaeological evidence that indicates that Native Americans actually engaged in a highly integrated system of trade and exchange of skills that allowed different Native American cultures to assist each other. Materials native to certain areas of the country such as the Great Lakes or the Rocky Mountains have been found in other areas of the country giving rise to the theory that the Native Americans traded with each other in order to supplement their own supply of goods…. [read more]

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