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American Ethnic Literature Essay

… In this argument, Anzaldua uses the concept of how language help define the experience of minority individuals, which is very often a theme that is not explicitly expressed in American ethnic literature. Here, she writes, "Chicanas who grew up speaking Chicano Spanish have internalized the belief that we speak poor Spanish. It is illegitimate, a bastard language. And because we internalized how our language has been used against us at the dominant culture, we use our language differences against each other," (Anzaldua 2950). There is a need for the individual and society at large to except these hybrid forms of identity in contemporary American culture. Language is crucial to the formation of both culture and identity. By being denied this by both Americans and Mexicans,…. [read more]

American Ethnic Literature the Nature Essay

… Ethnic writing comes from a place that is not typically American, so the literature of people who do not necessarily fit the majority mold would necessarily be different. According to Krys Lee (2012), herself an ethnic writer, people from a certain heritage talk about the experiences of the culture. Often, like Ellison, they talk about that experience as it relates to their time in the United States. A country that has such a great amount of diversity that seems to push it into the shadows at times. Ethnic writers would differ from traditional American writers in their use of voice.

Many people who have tried to expand the American literary tradition see the world through a different lens than traditional American writers. This is because…. [read more]

American Ethnic Literature Analyzing Essay

… Iranian American writers, for example, "grapple with exile [and] 'depict cultural identity as caught between abstract theories of boundary-free identity, the politics and problematics of representation, and the painful realities of exile, authoritarianism, and social marginalization" (Karim, Rahimieh, 2008, p. 10). In the modern American landscape, in other words, melting pot standards are resisted -- but definite and clear ethnic identity is difficult to manifest (especially when the landscape is hostile to what it perceives as a foreign threat). Liberty, opportunity, and equality are therefore not truly experienced by the Ethnic American writer unless he adapts to what the WASP lays out as conditions for joining the club.

In conclusion, the Ethnic American writer is in a way an outsider to the American tradition but…. [read more]

American Psycho Essay

… In this way, Ellis is playing off of the "1980s financial narratives in fiction, autobiography, and economic journalism" that sought to portray the new generation of financial brokers as representatives of a new kind of masculine power, a white-collar predator to counter the perceived emasculation which occurred as a result of the gradual transition from a manufacturing to information and service economy (La Berge 273). Bateman exists not as the result of the interpersonal relationships of one family, but is rather the child of an entire culture, a culture that he reflects in every aspect of his being, including his appearance, his job, and his masculinity, which is "anachronistic, intolerably volatile, and in crisis" (Schoene 379).

Thus, the reader is forced to consider Bateman's character,…. [read more]

American Literature Discussion Topics Essay

… Friends make pretence of following to the grave / But before one is in it, their mind is turned" (Frost). Frost used the husband with the purpose of showing the world that modernism reduces people's ability to mourn others. The poet apparently believed that modern people are too consumed with their problems to care for individuals who are sick or dead. Most readers are likely to agree that they have problems caring about people who have recently died because they have their own lives and thus need to focus on their future rather on their past. While this might be perceived as being perfectly normal in the contemporary society, it is actually essential for people to understand that they need to refrain from being selfish,…. [read more]

Great Depression Thesis

… Many came to see capitalism as a concept that was extremely flawed and that favored certain communities. As a consequence, some saw communism as a viable way out and considered that it would be perfectly normal for them to start to appreciate this ideology because it directly contradicted capitalism. The fact that they felt betrayed by their country's leaders also contributed to this feeling, as they believed that they would virtually pay them back by adopting thinking that was in disagreement with general thinking in the country. As they were already accustomed to being discriminated, a great deal of African-American writers put across little to no hesitation in regard to openly stating their interest in communism as the answer to the U.S.' problems (Andrews, Smith…. [read more]

American Literature and the Great Essay

… The first of these authors, Zora Neale Hurston, published her first major anthropological work Mules and Men in 1935, just as the Federal Writer's Project was getting underway. Mules and Men is a piece of literary anthropology, and in it Hurston attempts to record the folk tales of the South, and particularly of rural blacks, "before it's too late" (Hurston 8). Hurston's desire to record these folk tales in the wake of the Great Depression demonstrates quite a different response to the Depression than Steinbeck, because where Steinbeck's work seems to mourn the loss of an almost idealized pre-Depression world, Hurston recognizes that the world before the Depression was not especially positive (at least for blacks), and thus it is her duty so salvage whatever…. [read more]

Great Gatsby -- a Theoretical Term Paper

… In order to understand The Great Gatsby in the light of Marxist criticism, we need to evaluate various element of this novel:

Starting with the title of the book, it can notice that Fitzgerald has successfully managed to mock the American society. He has added an adjective "Great" to the name of the lead character. In the novel, Gatsby became rich because he was committed to the power of money from a very early age. However, why he would be called Great would be rather controversial. It wasn't his riches and fortune which made him great although that is the criteria set by the society as a benchmark of greatness (Bettina, 1963). Rather, it was his love for Daisy which raised him above all greatness.…. [read more]

American Literature: From Colonialism to Realism Term Paper

… American Literature: From Colonialism to Realism

Some of the first American literature was authored in the Colonial period. Both European visitors and Colonists authored pamphlets and brochures explaining life in the colonies during this period. Captain John Smith is thus considered to be the first American author. Other major writers from this period include George Percy, William Penn, and John Lawson.

Central to the Colonists' concern were the religious disputes that had prompted them to re-locate to America. John Winthrop describes the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in great detail in a journal. Chief among the early American poets were Michael Wigglesworth and Anne Bradstreet.

After the Revolution, the Federalist papers - essays penned by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay - would…. [read more]

American Life Term Paper

… This quote also presents another key difference in regards to style and content with the two works. Where Ellen layers and complicates, Douglass tries to simplify and explain. His whole narrative is a means of analysis of slave life and white's treatment of slaves. They in essence, are the opposite in terms of writing style and prove that through their aims and themes.

Both Ellen Foster and Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave deal with racial inequality and racial tension. In chapter 4 of Ellen Foster, aunt Nadine describes her disdain for the colored town as she passes it in the train: "My aunt is so glad to be out of a colored town. She unlocks her door now because she…. [read more]

American Revolution New American History Research Paper

… 3 Wood, The American Revolution, 126

Equality and the fact that 'all men are created equal' were stressed a lot in the Declaration of Independence.

The founders of the nation itself did not go on to act on the words that they had written. In the end, the ultimate result was that people realized that they were not slaves and they were also citizens of the country. Therefore, another reason why American Revolution was important is that it provided the basis on which racial segregation was removed.

The American Revolution also gave rise to a cultural and social awareness for the people. It is clear that the people did not want to belong to the British empire. America originally had always been considered a free…. [read more]

American History Final Exam Stages Term Paper

… Turner lived at a time before a large middle class existed or the U.S. had become a consumer society, so he naturally thought of pioneers as farmers and ranchers who moved the agricultural frontier to the West. In his era, even though the country was rapidly industrializing, the majority of people still lived on farms and in small towns. For this reason and was always the main goal of Manifest Destiny, while industrial capitalism required a different type of imperialism that acquired markets and raw materials overseas rather than colonies. Eastern capitalists since the time of Alexander Hamilton and the early Federalists and Whigs had always had a very limited interest in expanding the agrarian frontier, and even less in the expansion of slavery. They…. [read more]

African-American Women's Literature Term Paper

… African-American Women's Literature

Unlike any other marker of civilization literature demonstrates a vision of the social and psychological world in which we live. During the post civil rights era there have been a number of seminal authors who give meaning and message to their times and the times, which came before them. Literature during this period is a marker of change and also an exploration of modern concepts of the past. Through the works of African-American women writers can be seen a message of change that has overcome our society. We have reached a point at which it is now considered acceptable to explore the changes to our society that have come from the civil rights movement and discuss issues that before now were seen…. [read more]

American Romantic Temperament: A Blend Essay

… ¶ … American Romantic temperament:

A blend of Transcendentalist optimism and anti-Transcendentalist despair

The American Romantic movement arose as an outgrowth of European Romanticism. However, it began to take on a character of its own over the course of the 19th century. European and American Romanticism were characterized by an idealism of nature and pastoral life; the celebration of the irrational over the rational; faith in individualism and a belief in a dimension of reality that could be understand only on emotional rather than logical terms. There were many subsets of the American Romantic Movement, however -- some emphasized the veneration of nature to a greater degree in a very positive and optimistic fashion like many of the Transcendentalists, while others took a far darker…. [read more]

Compare Shahnameh and Turkish Literature Effects of the Shahnameh in the Turkish and Ottoman Research Paper

… Turkish Literature

Compare Shahnameh with Turkish Literature and Classical Ottoman Poetry

The Shahnmeh, which was written by Ferdowsi in the late tenth century and early eleventh century, is probably the most famous literary work ever written in that region. This is perhaps surprising since the poem was completed over one millenium ago. The fact that the poem took so long to write reflects just how enormous the book is, and gives some idea of why the book is still so well-known to this day. The Shahnameh was actually written before the invention of the novel as a literary form, and so even though it is quite long, it is an epic poem. Its epic poem form makes it similar to the Iliad or the Odyssey…. [read more]

American Literature, Like All Other Nationalistic Term Paper

… American Literature, like all other nationalistic literature has had an evolution that marks frequently changing opinions with regard to what are to be included in the voice of literature. What do we consider the "classic" works of American literature and how do such representations display what is American literature? What it means to be American literature has expanded, as the political and social climate has changed to include previously disenfranchised voices, such as Native Americans as well as disenfranchised immigrants from many nations of origin. One example of this expansion can be found in analogies, as they have grown. Harper Single Volume American Literature is no exception as it has grown with others to more fully express the "American experience" now including works from authors…. [read more]

American Literature Despite Their Different Backgrounds Essay

… American Literature

Despite their different backgrounds and experiences, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau shared a number of ideas. Compare their views on nature, the individual, and conformity.

Ralph Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were both great writers that had very vivid ideas on nature, the individual, and conformity. They were both outstanding leaders in the transcendentalist movement and had an unforgettable impact on its development and sustainment. Emerson was an idol for Thoreau, as it was Emerson that inspired him to write in his own style. Emerson's view of the individual was to be able to have the freedom to express themselves, was to have everything that anyone ever needed. They should not be afraid of any restrictions placed by anyone, as freedom…. [read more]

American Literature Nineteenth Century Essay

… American Literature

Nineteenth century American literature is filled with both idealism and cynicism. The freedoms and liberties promised in the Constitution only applied to white males, which is why many authors during the nineteenth century used literature to critique social injustice. Slave narratives like Frederick Douglasses' are of the most notable genres of literature to address racial injustice. Nathaniel Hawthorne can be considered one of America's first feminist authors, as he embedded themes of gender relations in novels like the Blithedale Romance. The transcendentalists attempted to show how American values like freedom and independence had been grossly distorted by the nineteenth century. In Walden, Henry David Thoreau shows how simplicity, not wealth, can create happiness. Ralph Waldo Emerson advocates free thinking and nonconformity as keys…. [read more]

American Literature Myth in the Poetry of Allen Ginsberg a Jungian Analysis Term Paper

… American Literature

Allen Ginsberg's epic poem Howel, is not only a personal statement of society, but also a classic poem full of illusions to mythology and psychology. It is a history lesson of the 1950s and 1060s, an era of chaotic change and social unrest. It is considered to be one of the principal works of the Beat Generation, being held up alongside of Jack Kerouac's on the Road and William S. Burroughs' Naked Lunch. The poem was first performed, in the custom of the Beat Generation, in 1955 in San Francisco. It was published shortly afterwards by City Lights Bookstore. At its core, Howl is a collection of stories and experiences relating to the author's friends and contemporaries. It is told in a tumbling…. [read more]

American Lit Definition of Modernism Term Paper

… Antiheroes are thus often those whose heroic qualities are left unrealized by mainstream American society.

In Nathaniel Hawthorne's classic work, The Scarlet Letter, he depicts an antihero, or better, an antiheroine, in the form of the character of Hester Prynne. Indeed, Hester would most certainly fall into this latter class of antiheroes, who represents an individual who is downtrodden and oppressed because of her damaged and saddened societal position and as a result of this, Hawthorne has chosen her as a hero to make us aware of her plight. Thus, in choosing her, Hawthorne had a social and didactic purpose in choosing Hester as his model because she is an example of the sort of person who is made to be an outcast in society…. [read more]

American Literature Exercise 5.1B: Suspense Essay

… American Literature

Exercise 5.1B: Suspense

The author, John Hersey, manages to create suspense by simply revealing what the deadly, life-altering events that were going to occur were. By providing details about this catastrophic immediate future that waited everyone, the reader gets a sense of suspense just reading about what people were doing just moments before the event actually occurred. The author's style of writing, that is, his mention of everyone's typical daily events in the order that they were presented, one right after the other, makes the reader sympathize with the characters. Once one has in mind what they were doing, it is kind of like not wanting anything to occur to them, even though in the end, one knows the experience that they are…. [read more]

American Literature Comparing and Contrasting Ideas Ralph Essay

… American Literature

Comparing and Contrasting Ideas

Ralph Waldo Emerson and Fredrick Douglas both express their ideas and philosophies on a person's happiness and self-fulfillment. Both of these authors have very strong opinions on what they believe constitutes true self-satisfaction. In order to be truly satisfied with not only the way one is living one's life, but with how one carries oneself everyday, one must acquire internal knowledge to do so. Believing in oneself is what will allow a person to not only be self-reliant, but to also defend themselves in times of trouble. Both authors view this as being pertinent to an individual. Emerson writes, "Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind." Emerson expresses his belief in attaining knowledge to…. [read more]

American Lit in Self-Reliance, Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay

… American Lit

In Self-Reliance, Ralph Waldo Emerson states poetically, "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines." The passage reflects the underlying philosophy of transcendentalism, which values the organic processes of nature over the highly rigid, overly rational, mechanistic underpinning of the scientific world. Emerson, though, directly singles out "little statesmen, philosophers, and divines" to point out that a dogmatic adherence to ideology precludes critical thought. Emerson continues, "With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do."

From a historian's perspective, Benjamin Franklin cannot be considered a "little statesman" if for no other reason than his name being a household term in the United States. Yet fame alone does not a great soul make. Based…. [read more]

American Poetry Michael Wigglesworth Essay

… In "Upon Wedlock, and Death of Children," Edward Taylor also offers all the glory to God. However, Taylor's poem is not constructed as a sermon as Wigglesworth's is. Taylor's poetry is in some ways more purely literary in form and function than Wigglesworth's, which comes across as being pedantic and brimming with the fervency of a Church minister. Although Taylor was a pastor, he did not exhibit the same type of animated tone in his poetry as Wigglesworth does. Taylor also came from the Puritanical perspective, though, and God is central to his writing. Taylor's poetry does have a rhyme scheme, although one that is not as regular and nursery-like as Wigglesworth's. In "Upon Wedlock, and Death of Children," the rhyme scheme is generally ABABCC.…. [read more]

American Literature What Elements of Free Verse Essay

… American Literature

What elements of free verse do you find in Aboard at a Ship's Helm? Identify three elements of free verse used by Whitman. Give an example of each from the poem.

Free verse gives a poet practically freedom to do whatever they would like with their writing, breaking conventional rules of how a poem is supposed to be structured. The elements of free verse however, can be seen as a structure within itself, and can be found in Walt Whitman's poem, Aboard at a Ship's Helm. Repetition and punctuation, are what stand out the most in this poem as being a precursor for free verse. The way that the poem is spaced out, also allows one to see this as being an element…. [read more]

Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald Was Born Research Paper

… Great Gatsby

F. Scott Fitzgerald was born in Minnesota in 1896, a descendent of the author of "The Star Spangled Banner," hence the name "Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald." Fitzgerald attended Princeton University and began his writing career by contributing to student newspapers and other publications at the university. The author left school and joined the U.S. Army in 1917; he was released two years later; he then got experience working for an advertising agency in New York City. After returning to his home state of Minnesota in 1920 he fine-tuned and published his first novel ("This Side of Paradise").

The money and fame that rolled in from his first novel was Fitzgerald's launch into the career he had coveted. He married Zelda and wrote a…. [read more]

American National Character (History) Term Paper

… Meanwhile, Tocqueville argues that "newspapers in America lack power," and he spells out the reasons why through a comparison between French newspapers and American papers. "In America (209), political life is active, varied, and even agitated, but it is rarely roiled by deep passions." And since passions are rarely stirred "unless material interests are compromised, and in the United States material interests prosper," he suggests that thinking alone passionate lines is not very deep nor very frequent.

Further, by glancing at a newspaper in France, Tocqueville sees that "commercial advertising occupies only a very limited space... [and] the vital part of a [French] newspaper is the section that features political debates." However, "three quarters" of "the bulky newspaper that is set before you in America…. [read more]

American Modernism and the Edenic Term Paper

… ..whether every poem in the book is true to life.... Bad enough to have white authors holding up our imperfections to public gaze." (Dickinson, 48)

The disillusionment of the New Adam with the myth that America would be an Edenic world spills over to the portrayal of American women in fiction as well. Take the example of Daisy Buchanan in The Great Gatsby, who gets as caught up in the acquisition of material wealth and social status as her counter parts in New York. Or, Langston Hughes's description of a New Orleans brothel: "...the men moved silently from doorway to doorway, looking, as one would move, from cage to cage in a zoo." (293) Characterizations and descriptions, such as these, imply that both the presence…. [read more]

Great Gatsby: A Novel Research Paper

… It's also the fact that he has lost her to Tom Buchannan, someone who originates from a vastly high social strata. "The main action [of the novel] is Gatsby's five-year quest for the Holy Grail, an adolescent ambition miserably immolated at the high noon of its achievement. That enterprise demands that he turn back the clock and recapture his dream of a woman, his pre-war lover Daisy Fay, and so prove her marriage to Tom Buchannan a fiction. Only by triumphing over old money in its own house -- by showing the dream of desire belongs to him and not Tom -- can he bring to an accomplishment his original project, conceived well before he encountered Daisy. That is the creation of Jay Gatsby out…. [read more]

Great Gatsby and the American Dream Essay

… Part of Gatsby's charm as far as Daisy was concerned was that he was different. On page 144 of the novel Gatsby -- showing his phoniness, which is part of Fitzgerald's presentation of the falseness of the American Dream -- tells narrator Carraway: "She thought I knew a lot because I knew different things from her." But in truth he didn't know much except how to accumulate wealth and material items. Indeed, throughout the novel it is apparent that Gatsby's accumulation of garish material items (and his obnoxiously gaudy mansion) was done to win Daisy back. Carraway, more objective than the other characters, views this social landscape as "a new world, material without being real" (Fitzgerald, 123).

On page 122 Gatsby arrives at Daisy's porch,…. [read more]

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