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Analyzing the Transportation Modes Research Paper

… Transportation Modes

Water Transportation


Low Cost Operation











Pipeline Transport



This research paper lays emphasis on the merits and demerits of the different modes of transport (motor, water, rail, air, pipeline) with the impact they have on the economic development of the society. Geographers look at different modes that could be grouped into 3 different transport categories based on their medium of exploit such as air, water, and land. Each of the transport modes has its unique features and requirements, and gets adapted for the service of the particular demands of passenger and freight traffic. (Rodrigue, 2016) It is essential to put an adequately structured transport system they carry goods…. [read more]

Transportation Strategic Intermodal Essay

… Transportation (general)

Strategic Intermodal Transportation

The Last Mile

Port and Terminal Operations

How has the railroad industry changed from its monopoly position in the 19th century due to the Staggers Act?

The construction of an intercontinental railroad is one of the industrial projects that is responsible, to a large extent, for America's greatness today. It allowed goods to be transported quickly and relatively inexpensively which, in turn, allowed for an economic explosion and further development of the American land holdings. It did come at a cost however. The federal government, under Abraham Lincoln, had to basically subsidize the industry by offering entrepreneurs land grants and bond guarantees to ensure that the railroad would be developed (Tuttle & Wykle, 2003). It is almost counterintuitive to think…. [read more]

Transportation Systems Essay

… ¶ … Transportation Systems

These two questions are a written paper 2 pages each or combine them together and 4 pages.

After reading the ?Transit projects a guide for practitioners? chapters 1 -2 provide and explain some general steps that the state of New Jersey, in our discussion post, must have taken in order to obtain an idea of benefits they would acquire by investing in their infrastructure.

How would one go about calculating utility of a traveler-s choice in utils? Provide an explanation of all the variables in the formulae. (Hint Read Chapters 4-9)

Transportation Considerations: New Jersey

The state of New Jersey had to understand quite a bit about their transportation needs as well as the existing infrastructure before they could make any…. [read more]

Airline Transportations on Economy Impacts Essay

… A part of this income will be saved and the rest will be spent, depending on propensity to consume (c) and propensity to save (s). The change in consumption ?C=c. Y creates new income for other market entities who consume a part of it and save the rest. The total multiplier effect in its simple version can be computed as ?. Y = ?Y / s, where ? is a multiplier. As a result of this induced impacts equal the sum of direct and indirect impacts multiplied by the multiplier: N = ?. (D + I), that is N = ?. (D + a.D).

Catalytic impacts (C) are a very wide and diverse group. They are defined as "net economic effects (e.g. On employment, incomes,…. [read more]

New Technologies in the Transport Sector Research Paper

… Innovations in the cargo handling technology have resulted in the introduction of advanced folk lifters with a higher level of precision and automatic control. Most airports have also incorporated the use of cranes in the loading and offloading process. These innovations help to improve reliability and efficiency of intermodal air transportation (GlobeCon Freight 1).
Significant innovations have also been done in the airport security sector. Airport security is highly critical due to the value of products exchanged at the airport. Modern airport security systems have incorporated integrated security technologies. Most airports use a combination of the alarm systems and the gate technology for their security. This helps to improve the efficiency and hence improve the level of security (GlobeCon Freight 1).

Committee'F., & National,'R.'C.…. [read more]

Union Pacific Railroad Logistics Term Paper

… UP has a large communications facility that could not have existed when the company first began, and it has changed the way railroads manage their trains, haul their freight, and manage their logistics.

Railroads are more efficient than trucks, and UP and engine manufacturers like GE are working to create even more energy-efficient models. Author Greenburg continues, "Manufacturers have taken note that, based on gross ton miles, trains can carry a ton of freight 830 miles on a single gallon of fuel; trucks stretch a gallon only 200 miles" (Greenburg, 2009). Many people are asking for changes in America's intermodal system today, which is largely based on long haul and short-haul trucking rather than railroad logistics in many areas. Trucks clog many busy highways and…. [read more]

Urban Its Services Literature Review

… However, these systems need to be technically accurate and strong though they do not have to be complex. Intelligent service assistance is a by-product of significant improvement in speed management and compliance with speed limits. It incorporates a series of technological devices that help drivers in selecting suitable speeds and adhering to speed limits. The use of these devices has been characterized with concerns that they are problematic and unreliable. These issues need to be addressed in order to improve the efficiency of the devices in ITS services.

Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Parameters:

Required Navigation Performance (RNP) is a term that refers to the necessary steering performance for functioning in road transport. The term consist performance requirements and functional requirements for effective operations in road…. [read more]

U.S. Statistics Indicate That 80 Capstone Project

… The key thrust for performance excellence is to establish a culture of continuous improvement and innovation that builds upon a strong foundation of quality, professionalism and team excellence always.

Researcher's Work Setting and Role

The researcher has been an officer of the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF)

for 10 years. The researcher has held the equivalent rank of Major since 2001. The

researcher has held positions as a deputy Officer Commanding Quality Assurance and a Flight Commander at an F-16 Air Force Base in Singapore. Currently the researcher is the Senior National Representative of the Republic of Singapore Air Force at the Ogden

Air Logistics Centre (OO-ALC), Hill AFB, Utah. The researcher received his Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Advanced…. [read more]

Analyzing Statistic Word Problems Data Analysis Chapter

… Statistic Word Problems

Null Hypothesis: H0 = Online gambling is more prevalent among individuals who are under the age of 30.

Alternative Hypothesis: Online gambling is not more prevalent among individuals who are under the age of 30.

Alpha is set at

Collect Data

Online Gambling

Public Gambling

Calculate Test Statistic

F-Test Two-Sample for Variances

Online Gambling

Public Gambling






P (F<=f) one-tail

F Critical one-tail

Acceptance Zones



Do not reject null hypothesis (Lehmann and Romano, 1986).








Alpha is

To begin with, convert to frequencies observed and this is done by multiplying by N (150), and thereafter calculating the expected frequencies.

The formula used is fe = (fc x fr) / N…. [read more]

Trucking vs. Railways in Supply Chain Context Term Paper

… Main findings of this study are:

• A premium money back guarantee may be offered for the domestic intermodal shipments to diversify clientele. Although it is merely on the lanes but it is felt by BNSF that it can perform quite well, a signal is sent by it to the customers that the firm is very thoughtful about being punctual. The intermodal companies have been able to get new customers as well with the help of the guarantees.

• When it comes to the working together of the railroads the reliability gets very difficult. It has been noticed quite often that reliability is not always very high in case of the single line shipments with the interline shipment.

• Load centering which is a place…. [read more]

Understanding Travel Behavior Essay

… ¶ … Travel Behaviour

"The concept of 'mobilities' encompasses both the large-scale movements of people, objects, capital, and information across the world, as well as the more local processes of daily transportation, movement through public space, and the travel of material things within everyday life"

Howard Rheingold (2004, ¶ 5).


For a person to work; to socialize; to live, he must continually move; engage in mobility. Even though mobilities may not be entirely new, nevertheless they now reportedly depict a new code word for one to grasp the global, as well as the new, extensive ways one lives. In the book, Mobility, Peter Adey (2010), lecturer in cultural geography at Keele University, contends that mobilities occur from the time one awakens and arises out…. [read more]

Denver Climate Action Planning Project Carbon Dioxide Research Paper

… Denver Climate Action Planning Project

Carbon dioxide emissions, the most common greenhouse gas, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports, increased by 20% from 1990 to 2005. One recent climate action report projects the projected 19% increase in emissions between 2000 and 2020 will contribute to an array of environmental crises not only in the U.S., but also in countries throughout the world. If business-as-usual continues, increases in greenhouse gas emissions could skyrocket in places like Denver, Colorado, the city for the focus in this Capstone.

A current primary goal of the City and County of Denver, noted in the Denver Climate Action plan, purports to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Denver. Through city support of alternative transportation, the plan involves either incentivizing and/or searching…. [read more]

Strategy Business Information and Analysis Term Paper

… Airline Industry Analysis

The past decade has been a challenging one for the global airline industry. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 sent the industry into a downturn in the first half of the decade, while the second half of the decade saw skyrocketing jet fuel costs and economic downturn send passenger numbers down and costs upward. In addition, the nature of competition within the industry has seen tremendous change. Discount carriers like Ryanair and Air Asia have reshaped the low end of the market while at the upper end several Gulf-based carriers have established themselves as global players at the expense of Europe and Asia's legacy carriers. As a result of these changes to the competitive and macroenvironments, the airline industry is in…. [read more]

Economic Analysis of the Operating Term Paper

… Newer station therefore incur far less costs in regard to the maintenance.

The number of lifts and escalators -- the operating cost of a metro station is influenced to certain extent by the number of lifts and escalators. This is because of the cost incurred in the daily operation and the maintenance of the equipment.

The total number of ticket offices/ticket machines/entrance and exits-

In the process of establishing the absolute cost associated with the running of a railway system. It becomes mandatory to consider the total number of ticket machines which by this definition includes only the machines that are utilized by the public to buy or to validate their tickets. The number of ticketing offices is this context means the total area in…. [read more]

Human Factor Leading to Aviation Incidents Research Paper

… Human Factor in Aviation

Within the last few decades, global commercial aircraft has suffered series of causalities leading to loss of life and significant damages to aircrafts. Globally, there are aircraft fatal causalities of ratio one to one million flights. Between 1990 and 2006, total of 1441 air taxi and commuter crashed where 26% (373) were fatal accidents leading to 1,063 deaths. Human errors have been identified as the major factors causing the aircraft mishaps in the commercial aviation industry. The most common errors include failure to coordinate air traffic control systems, high workload, and boredom. Human factors have been the major contributing factors causing commercial aircraft causalities globally. Within civilian aviation, human factors cause damage to aircraft with ratio of one to 5000 flights.…. [read more]

Aviation and Human Factor Essay

… Aviation Mishap Analysis

The previous section described some of the theoretical perspectives of human error and human error modeling. This section describes the application of these systems to accident investigation -- specifically aviation mishaps. Several examples of initiatives to apply human error theory to accident investigation and mitigation are described in the literature. A few are presented below;

A combined government and industry effort undertaken in the U.K. developed the Human Factors Investigation Tool (HFIT). Gordon and Means (2005, 147) describe the intent of this tool was to, "improve investigation of the human factors causes of accidents in the offshore oil and gas industry." HFIT incorporated four types of human factors information to include "(a) the action errors occurring immediately prior to the incident, (b)…. [read more]

American Automotive Industry and Porter's Five Forces Model Research Paper

… American Automotive Industry and Porter's Theory

American Automotive Industry in the light of Porter's Five Forces Model

automotive industry contributes a great deal in global economy. It is huge and a truly global industry; has gone through major wave of recession and is now in recent years showing gradual improvement. It has severely faced challenges of globalization, decreasing oil reserves resulting in high fuel costs, changes in buyer's demand and diminishing buying potential along with threats from direct competitions especially from Asian manufacturers who are enjoying low production cost.

The research paper is an overview of the automotive industry in America which is further followed by an analysis of the industry's structural characteristics, its profile and its impact on U.S. economy with the behavior it…. [read more]

History of Aviation Safety Term Paper

… History Of Aviation Safety

Aviation Safety

Aviation Safety History

According to Boeing (2010), approximately six million individuals get on airplanes and arrive safety at their destinations -- every single day. Today, safety is one of the safest ways to travel domestically and internationally. During the 1950s and 1960s, fatal accidents happened approximately once in every 200,000 flights (2010). However, today, "the worldwide safety record is ten times better, with fatal accidents occurring less than once in every 2 million flights" (2010).

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a U.S. government agency with the chief responsibility being for the safety of civil aviation. The FAA was founded by the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 and was originally called the Federal Aviation Agency. The name officially changed…. [read more]

Congestion Scheme Charged in London Term Paper

… This is one of the major weaknesses of the system.

The good thing about this system is that the payment can be made by credit or debit cards, by text message and at petrol stations, retail outlets and post offices. So this makes it convenient for those who have very schedules during its operating timings.

The Mayor, Livingstone was nearly 99% sure that the system would work, but he was concerned about how the drivers willingly the drivers would accept the new system. He even told the BBC that if he felt the system would fail even slightly he would not have taken the initiative to go ahead with the system. He was never worried about the technology itself but was fearing the public opinion.…. [read more]

Toyota's Prius With the Increased Term Paper

… The typical Prius consumer is thought to have more concern for the environment then transportation yet wants to maintain their lifestyle. These would be high levels of professionals who work at managerial level who can afford the price Prius offers. These includes executives, sponsors, corporations and institutions etc. [PR Newswire. July 20, 2000].

Positioning the product: In order to position their products, Prius was designed to positioned itself using its technology and design. The selling point is based on the range of 560 miles coverage from a 11-gallon tank. Furthermore it also has the efficiency of a German diesel engine of 65 mpg, 115 bhp. With two motors and electronic gadget the car is designed to secure the luxury market as well as efficiency market…. [read more]

Cathay Pacific Airlines Vision Essay

… , 2007). This decreased level of competition ensures that the market of less traveled routes will be accepting towards Cathay Pacific and the quality it brings to the table as it will allow Cathay Pacific to expand its customer base and quickly develop its reign in the market niche where the overall quality of services is below par. Hence, the possibility of a merger that emerges here will be with the regional offices inclusive of the airline industries in the untraveled routes, the government offices and the local authorities.

7. Employee Compensation

Pay-for-performance Defined:

The word pay-for-performance is also its simplest definition i.e. The phenomenon basically revolves around the employees being paid compensation in direct proportion to the level of performance that they record. The…. [read more]

Construction of New High Speed Railway Called HS2 Between London and Birmingham in UK Research Paper

… ¶ … construction of new high speed railway between London and Birmingham in the United Kingdom was initiated in attempts to transform the rail network in Great Britain. This project was adopted following an examination of the demand for long distance travel that predicted an increase in the use of rail travel in the future. In addition to economic, social, and environmental benefits that the project will bring, the construction of HS2 is an effective way of tackling rail crowding issues and meeting the increased demand for rail travel.

Some of the main issues behind the construction of the new high speed railway include potential economic incentives that it will bring to the country. As presented in the national business case, this project will boost…. [read more]

Foreign Market Entry Strategies Thesis

… Foreign market entry strategies: GM

Foreign Market Entry Strategies

General Motor's foreign market entry strategies: China and Germany

General Motors (GM) is perhaps one of the most criticized companies in America today. Yet, for much of the company's history, it was said 'as GM goes, so goes the nation,' because GM was the biggest automotive company in the world and an American economic powerhouse. However, in the 1980s, GM began to lose its once-deft touch. It began to expand its brands too quickly and did not support its existing fleet of brands with effective marketing. It was also burdened with heavy administrative costs: "GM gave in to union demands in 1990 and created a program that paid workers even when plants were not running, forcing…. [read more]

Global Position System (GPS) Term Paper

… This creates a lot impact in the business travel buyers and their travelers (Sheridan & Corker, 2006). According to Next Generation Air Transport System (NGATS) blue print, which ask funding to the aviation security system and to the entire sector so it can be re-established to meet the surging demands.

The market is expected to develop quickly therefore most travel buyers believe that North America domestic fares will increase by 5% for an average round trip fare if the issue is left without handling it proper. This will definitely affect the rate of doing business across the nation and minimize tourist visit to other parts of the country.

Therefore, the funding proposal is part of wider scheme by FAA to ensure better services are rendered…. [read more]

TSA Is TSA Crossing Research Proposal

… Another major policy that TSA implemented is TSA VIPR's Program (Visual Intermodel Prevention and Response). This program involved teams of Federal Air Marshals, Surface Transportation Security Inspectors, Transportation Security Officers, Behavior Detection Officers and Explosive Detection Canine teams screening every individual on train stations, airports and bus stations. The measure was a complete violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution that states that the government cannot carry out any sort of search without any probable/solid reason (Stanley, 2011). The policy crosses the boundaries of ACLU terms laid down.

The current measure introduced by TSA is TSA Pre-check Program. Pre-check / Trusted Traveler Program is an expedited screening program where travelers eligible for this screening (Global Entry/GE, NEXUS, SENTRI members, Delta Skymiles and American Advantage…. [read more]

Delta Is a Legacy Carrier, the Largest Case Study

… Delta is a legacy carrier, the largest in the United States. It has faced difficult financial times in recent years, with two major writedowns that have crippled profitability and wiped out the company's equity. Delta has very little pricing power and the industry itself is not favorable. Firms compete on the basis of monopolistic competition, but most airlines find it difficult to foster sustainable competitive advantage through differentiation. They are also limited by regulator constraints from engaging in international expansion, although further domestic competition is entirely possible.

It is recommended that Delta seek further domestic consolidation as a means to build out sufficient size and scope to improve both market share and margins. It is also recommended that Delta focus on controlling fixed costs. The…. [read more]

Southwest Airlines Company 2004 Term Paper

… Southwest airline is one of the major airlines operating these days. Starting from the scratch Rollin King and Herb Kelleher joined hands to build an airline company which would be a totally different from then airlines. They started the company with one simple thing in mind which was to get the customers to their desired places on time and at the lowest possible fare. They had one vision in mind i.e. To provide customers with suitable and affordable ticket prices with satisfactory air travel. On February 20, 1968 King and Kelleher created the infamous Southwest Airlines. The Texas Aeronautical Commission gave them the permission to fly between three cities in 1968. From 1968 the company has never stopped expanding and is expected to grow further…. [read more]

Foreign Market Analysis Thesis

… Hybrid Cars

Foreign market analysis

Foreign market analysis: Hybrid cars in European Union (EU) nations

European cars are famously smaller than American cars, as well as often more fuel- efficient. Because of traditionally higher gas prices and higher taxes on gas consumption, Europeans have tended to eschew the American 'bigger is better' obsession with their personal modes of transport. Car ownership is far lower than it is in America, and fewer European families are two-vehicle homes. However, European consumer enthusiasm for environmentally-friendly hybrid vehicles had lagged behind American sales for such cars. One reason for this may be that because Americans prefer to drive bigger cars. Thus, Americans are also more desperate to drive hybrids -- although the small size of many, albeit not all…. [read more]

Air Tran Airways Is a High-Growth, High-Leverage Term Paper

… Air Tran Airways is a high-growth, high-leverage company operating in the discount airline industry. They offer an attractive investment proposition in terms of a growth stock portfolio, but their high level of fixed obligations exposes them to significant financial risk, which makes them unsuitable for a debt portfolio.

Company Background

AirTran Airways is a discount airline based in Orlando, Florida. The current incarnation of AirTran was created in 1997 when ValuJet bought what was then a much smaller AirTran and adopted the brand. The company operates its main hub from the former ValuJet hub of Atlanta-Hartfield. The company today also has sizeable operations in two other airports, Orlando and Baltimore-Washington. AirTran services 52 markets (all but one in the U.S.), and operates over 700 flights…. [read more]

Industrial and Post Term Paper

… Industrialization

Urban Industrialization

During the 19th Century, the application of science to invention started the Industrial Revolution -- the mass production of material goods by machines. Although population growth had reached new highs, the first step in this revolution happened in mid-eighteenth-century England, with the development of the steam engine and machines for spinning and weaving textiles. Increased production of coal, iron, and steel fueled expansion of industry and commerce meant production of goods shifting from homes and small shops to manufactured goods being produced "in factories, mills and mines. It demanded enormous investments of capital and the efforts of a large labor force; it stimulated growth." (Fiero 1)

Industrialism was the reason for the West's economic and military dominance over the rest of the…. [read more]

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