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Depression, Diabetes and Obesity Research Paper

… ECT is of particular benefit in patients who have significant functional impairment or have not responded to various trials of combination treatments. This mode of therapy may also be used for individuals who have major depressive disorder with associated psychotic or catatonic features or in those who require an urgent response, for example, in patients with suicidal tendencies. (Gelenburg et al., 2010) The mode of active of ECT is unknown. In this somatic therapy, seizures are electrically induced in anesthetized patients for a therapeutic effect.

Psychodynamic therapy and problem solving therapies are less common models of help in depressive disorder. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on a person's subconscious mind and its processes. These processes affect a person's behavior. The aim of this mode of therapy is…. [read more]

Great Depression Issues Essay

… Great Depression Issues

The Great Depression officially began in October of 1929 with the failure of the American banking system based on the Stock Market Crash and other economic abnormalities. The depression was caused by a variety of events; lack of oversight into American Banking, lagging European economies, issuing stocks being without collateral back up, agriciulture issues (poor harvests and bad weather in the corn belt), and a complete loss of confidence in the Western financial structures (The Great Depression: A Brief Overview). As unemployment rose to 25% most Americans suffered. If not from lack of work it was lack of customers, lack of means and education, and lack of hope. Women tended to lose their jobs faster than men or were paid far less…. [read more]

Depression Disorder Term Paper

… Depression Disorder


This paper is about depression. It will cover the DSM diagnostic criteria, and discuss the development of depression from two viewpoints, CBT (cognitive-behavioral therapy) and the biochemical and environmental components which are linked causative factors. This paper will then cover the four key indicators of depression, including physical, cognitive, social and emotional symptoms.

Description of depression

DSM-IV criteria

Depression is typified by a number of key diagnostic factors. One can differentiate between generalized depression and major depressive episodes. In order to be diagnosed as a depressive episode, five of the following elements must be present, according to DSM-IV criteria:

Depressed mood most of the day, and every day.

Reduced sensory interest, including taste, visual, smell.

Significant change in body weight (up or…. [read more]

Clinical Depression Major Depressions Term Paper

… Moreover people do not know the entire truth as to how clinical depression actually works and also to realize as to the kind of treatment required. Like lots of other diseases if the treatment for this is also given at an earlier stage then the illness is easier to get rid of and also early treatment can prevent serious recurrences.

The main causes for depression are chemical imbalances, stress, drugs, reactions to medication, and mental disorders. Most Psychiatrists felt that the reason behind mental illnesses usually is because of early-childhood encounters. But lately, psychiatrics have come to the conclusion that it is not the parents who are responsible but the brain of the individual. The concept that mental illness was caused by a disparity of…. [read more]

Depression in the Elderly Mental Disorders Case Study

… Depression in the Elderly

Mental disorders are becoming more prevalent in today's society as people add stress and pressure to their daily lives. The elderly population is not eliminated as a candidate for a disorder just because they may be retired. In fact, mental disorders affect 1 in 5 elderly people. One would think that with disorders being rather prevalent in this age group that there would be an abundance of treatment programs, but this is not the case. Because the diagnosis of an individual's mental state is subjective in nature, many troubled seniors remain untreated. Depression in the elderly population is a common occurrence, yet the diagnosis and treatment seem to slip through the cracks (Ellison and Verma, 2003).

Depression is often difficult to…. [read more]

Depression and Addictive Behavior Thesis

… Depression and Addictive Behavior

Double Cruel Hand

Comobid Conditions

Contemporary, Challenging Concerns Worldwide

Derangement of the Volition 7 Contemporary Addictions



Role of Cocaine Use in Depression

Clinical Techniques of Helping



Tried and True" Techniques


Points for Treatment Consideration

Clients' Reported Med Use When Admitted to Substance Abuse Clinics

Personal Growth and Maintenance (adapted from Daley, 2007)

"To Do" Recommendations

Physical and Lifestyle Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery

Emotional Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery from Addiction and Depression



Addiction and depression are common comorbid conditions." (Daley, 2007)

Double Cruel Hand

Comorbid," the term Daley (2007) purports in this study's introductory quote, denotes addiction and depression. According to Webster's New Millennium ™ Dictionary of English, comorbid, an…. [read more]

Depression and Teen Violence Few Term Paper

… WISQARS (Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System). Retrieved at On December 4, 2002.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance -- United States, 1999. Retrieved at On December 4, 2002.

Homicide Statistics Calculated From Data Provided in: Fox, J.A. & Zawitz, M.W. (2001). Homicide Trends in the United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved at On December 4, 2002.

National Institute of Mental Health. Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Fact Sheet for Physicians." Retrieved at December 4, 2002.

National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center- Teens- Hot Topics- Depression." Retrieved at On December 4, 2002.

National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center- Teens- Hot Topics- Youth Violence." Retrieved at On December 4, 2002.

Office of Juvenile…. [read more]

Depression in Adolescents Term Paper

… Depression Caused by Steroid Use as a Factor in School Discipline Problems

Anabolic steroid use represents the newest trend substance abuse by adolescents. Teens take steroids to enhance their performance in sports and other activities. However, the affects of anabolic steroids go beyond the immediate performance enhancing affects. Anabolic steroids are connected with increased aggression, depression, as well as major health problems later in life. This research will examine the use of anabolic steroids and the propensity towards discipline problems in the school system, particularly those involving violent acts towards other students and staff members.

Anabolic steroids have become the substance of choice for a growing number of teens. It is estimated that nearly 500,000 of all eighth -tenth grade students use anabolic steroids on…. [read more]

Depression in African-American Adolescents Etiology Term Paper

… Minority adolescents thus are more stressed by social and cultural factors than are (in general) whites but tend to have fewer resources available to meet these challenges. This results both from culturally derived biases against counseling that exist in minority communities and partly from the fact that minority families are likely to have fewer resources to pay for counseling or to have the kinds of jobs that include family counseling as a benefit (Goldston, 2003).

Sexual-orientation also plays a role in social reactive depression, although not necessarily in the direction that one might think. Common sense might suggest that gay and lesbian youths might be at greater risk for suicide than heterosexual adolescents are because their sexual orientation places them into yet another social minority…. [read more]

Depression: Not Just a Bad Term Paper

… Finally, I would validate Taylor's challenge in coping with depressive symptoms while being expected to function normally in her parents' house and in this unsupportive environment. I would explain that therapy is a safe place for us to explore her interpersonal challenges and all related feelings, and that I will do my best to be a positive support figure for her. It would be critical to empathize with the client's perception of her experience and synthesize strengths and supports in order to boost her emotional functioning. The core of empathic attunement, that is, seeing the world from the client's perspective, can have a powerful effect on the therapeutic process and outcomes (Mahrer.)

The treatment planning phase must include the beginning, middle and end stage goals…. [read more]

Era Through the Great Depression Essay

… Eastern states were also diverse in terms of population as compared to West and this also had an influence on laws regarding women's suffrage (Rodgers, 2000). However, in 1913, women in the eastern states were given the right of vote. Nineteenth Amendment was put forward, which made the right to vote as a universal right of any human being.

The Progressive Era for Business

According to Theodore Roosevelt, the industrial sector would be at risk because of the immoral actions and activities of big businesses and corporates. For this purpose, he had concentrated on penalizing and punishing those companies, who had failed to abide by the Sherman Antitrust Act. This act concentrated on tackling unethical business practices such as price fixing, interlocking directorates and price…. [read more]

Vovkun Depression This Midterm Essay

… A suggestion might be for him to include case studies and articles that cover what he really wanted to discuss, which was dental problems of patients with bulimia-nervosa. The interviews with the former ballerina and 19-year-old, although helpful in recognizing the damage it causes in people, do not go into detail and are fairly short. The bibliography was lengthy and carried numerous sources, some recent. I would have liked to see more effort in making the outline and the paper match. Overall it was a good paper.

Caroline Lattari

Group Exercise: The Safest Antidepressant

This is another great midterm. Right away I knew that she was talking about SSRI's and her attempt to follow the effects of exercise as an all natural remedy to Major…. [read more]

Great Depression Dorothea Lange's Iconic Essay

… The use of the image to promote New Deal programs is understandable, although it would have been more ethical to have credited Thompson and pay her royalties. Perhaps Thompson could have become more involved in political activism that prevents poverty; but perhaps like many Americans, Thompson is not politically inclined to do so.

The poor are deserving of help for ethical reasons but also for reasons related to improving the quality of life of all Americans. It is in the best interest of all Americans to reduce poverty. However, there are no one-size-fits-all solutions. For some, a low-income but steady job is sufficient for economic and personal well-being. For others, an entrepreneurial program would be the best option. For others still, enrollment in post-graduate education…. [read more]

Anti-Trust Law Analyze and Criticize Essay

… This law was passed to deal with issues such as: mergers and acquisitions. At the time, regulators were not aware of a merger, until it was announced. The problem is that no one was checking to see if the combined company would be in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and the Clayton Act. To deal with these issues, Congress passed the Hart-Scott-Rodino Pre-Notification Act of 1976. This required all firms to submit any documentation surrounding any merger to regulators (prior to the announcement). This addressed the changes that occurred in the way businesses were operating. (Gerber, 2010, pp. 31 -- 44)

These elements are showing, how the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and the Clayton Act need to be updated on a global scale. If this…. [read more]

Depression in Young and Older Term Paper

… However, approximately 10 to 20% of older women still experience "clinically significant depressive symptoms (Simonds, 2001, p. 121)."

The most important risk factor for depression in older women, according to studies, is physical health problems, such as pain, functional problems, and side effects of medications and treatments (Simonds, 2001, p. 122).

Structural brain changes, vascular risk factors, and cognitive impairment in older women are often to as vascular depression, which can render patients less affected by antidepressant treatment and may have a more chronic course than other forms of depression. Late onset depression can also be a symptom of dementia in older women.

In the past, many researchers have suggested that the "empty nest syndrome" is the major cause of depression in older women (NIMH,…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Associated With Depression Research Paper

… Substance Abuse Associated With Depression

How is Substance Abuse associated with Depression?

The dissertation is a research-based paper to evaluate the association between substance abuse with depression. Depression is considered to be one of the common mental illnesses present in a significant percentage of the United States population. A wide range of studies have clearly exposed the fact that substance abuse is closely related to depression and comorbidity with depression amongst the general population. Depressed people usually turn out for substance abuse to alleviate their pain. A number of theories have been identified to determine the causes that lead to substance abuse addiction and depression. However, the outcomes of comorbid depression and substance abuse treatment have clearly exhibited positive results (that is decreased depressive symptoms…. [read more]

Postpartum Depression or Postnatal Research Paper

… 2000). One third of the treatment group left and one fourth of the control group terminanated prematurely. Data from these groups should be analyised and if possible reasons for dropout should have been collected from the subjects. Such information may have led to viewing the results in a different light.

There is also an issue with using a WLC in psychotherpay studies. Hill and Lambert (2004) report that often the use of a WLC does not tell us if the intervention is really better than a placebo. In this case the IPT group faired better than those getting nothing (WLC) but so would a placebo group. So the question of IPT being effective as a therpautic intervention has not really been answerd. Placebo groups in…. [read more]

Great Depression of the Early 1930's in Canada Term Paper

… Great Depression of the Early 1930's In Canada

The central concern of this paper was to provide an overview of the main causes of the Great depression as they specifically relate to the Canadian situation. The main question of the paper - could the impact of the economic upheaval in Canada been lessened by a different use of policy? - was also a central of focus. Research was conducted in order to firstly understand and clearly represent the major underlying causes of the Depression; and secondly to ascertain, through research, the extent that internal and external factors played in the Canadian economic depression.

Research for this paper was sourced from a wide range of databases and libraries. Some of the most succinct were from Internet…. [read more]

Spirituality and Depression What Is Spirituality? Thesis

… Spirituality and Depression

What is Spirituality?

The absence of an adequate definition of spirituality is perhaps one reason why researchers have difficulty identifying the role of spirituality in the treatment of depression. What is spirituality? Every culture, every school of thought, even every individual can differ on this point. For the purposes of this paper, we will work with a variety of perspectives concerning "spirituality" -- but at the same time we may assert a kind of working definition that will help guide our review of the literature which follows. According to Bernard Fellay (2011), a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, spirituality may be defined as "a sense of God."

However, as the modern age is distinctly more secular with regard to science than…. [read more]

Mental Disorder Major Depressive Disorder in Children Essay

… Mental Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Research on childhood and adolescent mood disorders has advanced significantly in recent years. It is now no longer common to find those who say that depression is an adult mental disorder alone. While there is not much debate about the definition and diagnosis of childhood depression, there are questions still to be answered regarding the best treatment outcome for children and adolescents who display symptoms of depression. This paper will outline a view of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) as it relates to children, starting with a discussion of the diagnostic criteria for defining its symptoms. Then it will limit itself to synthesizing the research on childhood depression and treatment intervention styles from a cognitive standpoint. The…. [read more]

Children's Inventory Children's Depression Essay

… These items that were not salient were subsequently eliminated by the researchers. Findings revealed that alternative scoring strategies needed to be developed to eliminate duplication and overlapping items in test results.

Chartier & Lassen (2005), "Adolescent Depression: Children's Depression Inventory Norms, Suicidal Ideation, and (Weak) Gender Effects" took normative data for the Children's Depression Inventory on 792 non-referred students in grades 7 through 12. Researchers administered the CDI in group format via the participant's homeroom teachers during regular homeroom period. Complete anonymity was assured with the participants. According to the data retrieved by way of the Children's Depression Inventory the 480 females participating in the study endorsed increased depression symptomology more significantly than the male participants. In the sample population for this particular study, approximately…. [read more]

Great Depression New Deal Voices Case Study

… Coughlin turned desperately to fascism Nazism and overt anti-semitism only after his popularity began to wane after his open split with Roosevelt. Previously, he sounded like a socialist, proposing to replace the federal reserve with a real central bank and the nationalization of the energy industry. Brinkley feels that Long, Father Coughlin and the California radical, Dr. Townsend, pushed FDR and Congress into enacting a much more comprehensive Social Security law than they would have otherwise happened. He does not try to gloss over the dark side of Long's totalitarian rule in Louisiana or Father Coughlin's bloated ego and slide into ugly racism either. However, he does present an economic reformist aspect to their movements that is not longer known, even to professional historians. It…. [read more]

Postpartum Depression Is a Serious Term Paper

… Yet the keys are often in the language and actions of the depressed person, and as has been said often the woman most certainly will not look as bad as they feel.

Certain actions are characteristic of the depressed person. The depressed person will draw a negative conclusion without the aid of supporting data. The depressed person will focus on a particular detail and will often overlook more important information. This type of person will also overgeneralize. A fourth characteristic of the depressed person is dichotomous thinking. He or she will view someone or something in black-and-white, all-good or all-bad terms. He or she will, furthermore, frequently relate negative events to themselves, even though there is no real justification to do so. (Miletich1995, p. 50)…. [read more]

Young Man, Steven. We Analyze His Behavior Case Study

… ¶ … young man, Steven. We analyze his behavior and habits and draw possible conclusions on what are the key factors that led him to suffer from depression as well as decision making problems. His peers are also evaluated in order to come up with a definitive conclusion on the actual issues that might be affecting his behavior. We present our findings by means of a thorough literature review of the possible causes of depression as well as indecisiveness. The paper then proceeds to present my personal thoughts of the causes of depression and indecisiveness in our contemporary society. The legal and ethical implication dilemmas of the case scenario are also considered. This case scenario also presents a case of a correlation between depression and…. [read more]

Outpatients With Depression and Cocaine Article Review

… This group was given Motivational therapy, which integrates dual disorders recovery counseling with motivational therapy. This is an integrated treatment approach addressing substance use and psychiatric issues and aims to help patients anticipate and cope with external situations or internal problems that contribute to poor adherence. All patients were eligible to attend five individual and four group sessions during month 1. The control group included the previous 12 patients consecutively admitted to outpatient care and received treatment-as-usual. Treatment-as-usual combined pharmacotherapy with supportive therapy, provided psycho-education on dual disorders, and focused on encouraging patients to attend Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous meetings in the community.

Primary outcome variables were 30-day treatment completion rates and mean number of sessions attended. Secondary outcome measures were 90-day treatment completion…. [read more]

Personality Theories Research Paper

… Religion also plays an important role in shaping the personality. It has been reported by a number of studies that, monotheist, atheist and polytheist have different and varying personality traits due to their religious mindsets. It can, therefore, be concluded that environmental factors also work in alignment with the genetic factors to shape the personality of an individual. ("Your environment, " 2006)

Impact of Unconscious Mind on Personality

The unconscious part of our brain consists of ideas, thoughts, beliefs and feelings that are not easily accessible by the conscious part of our mind. According to Freud, the unconscious part of our mind is related to our biological nature and in most of the situations it operates naturally without our consent. In most of the cases…. [read more]

Oil Standard Set Against the Dollar Research Paper

… Dollar, Oil, Economy

Analyzing the Dollar, Oil, and the Economy

The relationship of the U.S. dollar to oil and the economy is as tenuous as the dollar itself. With the Federal Reserve's power to print fiat currency comes inflation, and with inflation comes the devaluation of the dollar. This is, of course, dangerous to the world's economy -- but it does not altogether explain the incredibly rapid rise of gasoline in recent years. Matt Taibbi (2010) shows, rather, that the rise in the price of oil stems from another point -- the Commodities Futures Trading Commission. Meanwhile, politicians like Ron Paul have observed that the economy is in a poor state for a number of reasons: first, Wall Street has the government in its back…. [read more]

Analyzing the Major Depressions Research Paper

… ¶ … Depression

Diagnosis and Treatment -- Research Findings and Information


Major depression is diagnosed via clinical means. It is based on interviews and examination of the mental status of the patient. Evidence points to the fact that interviews compare well with other diagnostic procedures used in medical practice including radiologic examination and lab tests. The method of diagnosis applied in DSM-IV (Table 1) is the commonly accepted approach. Major depression is observed through syndromes. The final diagnosis is based on the patient's physical condition and medical history. In the process of diagnosis, it is critical to consider other possible problems including psychiatric problems such as obsessive compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, dementia and panic disorder. There should also be an observation of the general…. [read more]

Theories and Theorists Research Paper

… ¶ … Theorists

Health issues are critical to human life and quality of human life. Many theories have been presented over time to discuss behavior, cause, environment and propagation of the disease. Health related problems often start with little triggers but end up complex. A sick person, who is continuously diseased, gets psychologically disturbed too (Public Health Agencies, 2009). Two basic health related theories are discussed here namely health belief model and theory of reasoned action.

Health Belief Model

The health belief model is one of the oldest models designed in the mid of 1900. Scholars like Rosenstock, Hochbaum, and Kegels researched on U.S. Public Health Service. These scholars studied health screening program for tuberculosis (the Health Belief Model, n.d). On the basis of their…. [read more]

Group Process and Skill Selection Essay

… She was trying to block the negative feelings of the daughter. The daughter mentioned that it has been six years that she has not been going out and dating with anybody since her divorce. The wife believed that the daughter should not be talking about these challenges in a group.

The elder caretakers usually agreed with each other whereas they exhibited persistence to young caretakers' solutions and experiences. The young caretakers believe that it would help to the caretaker and the patient to have some sort of breaks. These temporary breaks would give relief to caretakers and help them to balance their emotions and feelings. One of them told that she goes to movies when the loved one goes to sleep and regardless of the…. [read more]

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