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Aristophanes Acharnians, Knights, and Clouds Research Paper

… [footnoteRef:13] The reason why Aristophanes chose this sort of metamorphosis presents some clear political and social nuances. As it relates to politics this morphing reflects the common man (the farmer) coming to the realization that he does have political power that ought to be exercised. The Athenians may have believed at the time that the enemies of the state were all they had to be concerned about, however, the framer demonstrates that the polis must also be concerned with the interest of their citizens. Failure to do so may force citizens to make agreements with enemies of the state. The plot simply brings to fruition the adage the enemy of my enemy is my friend. In this case the farmer and Sparta shared a common…. [read more]

Pedophiles and Methods of Rehabilitating Term Paper

… Human sexuality manifests itself in many ways, such as intimacy between two people that might lead to forming life-long bonds of partnership or marriage. As an expression of the sharing and intimacy that arises out of the bonds of partnership and marriage, children are born. They are socially the most treasured members of society, and their vulnerability, innocence, and clean slate of human experience leading to a curiosity and constant discovery of the world around them and of their selves as feeling, emotional, thinking and participating beings in that world often brings them to the attention of people who would exploit for those same traits. The pedophile, whom often moves amongst us upstanding and even outstanding members of society, lives a life secret urges and…. [read more]

Birth Control Term Paper

… Research is on-going to refine and invent more types and safer birth control methods. It would be fair to say that without the pioneering spirits of our great-great grandmothers, this may not have been the case.

Personal Stand on Birth Control believe that birth control is a private matter between partners. I believe that any type of birth control which prevents conception is moral and acceptable. I do not, however, believe that abortion or the "morning after" pill is morally acceptable forms of birth control.

Abstract of Birth Control - Then and Now This paper traces the history of birth control from ancient to modern times. Several types of birth control devices and concoctions are described and the attitudes of different groups of people concerning…. [read more]

Man Who Fell in Love With the Moon Research Proposal

… Man Who Fell in Love With Moon

If there is anything true about history, it is the saying, "what comes around, goes around." In fashion, for example, the same styles weave in and out of different eras. To the younger people, the fashion is new and exciting; to the older ones, it's nothing new. Modern fiction mimics the values and events of the time. Thus, those same styles would be in mentioned in books of one time period and then not again until another era begins to wear that fashion. It is often the same with what is or is not accepted by society. Homosexuality provides an example. since the beginning of Western civilization, when homosexuality was accepted as a part of society, it became…. [read more]

Relationship Between Culture and Mental Health Essay

… Global Mental Health

One striking characteristic about the state of global mental health today -- aside from the fact that "four out of the ten diseases with the highest burden are psychiatric" -- is that in the developing world there is greater likelihood of quicker remission than in the developed, Industrial world (Kastrup, Ramos, 2007, p. 42). Schizophrenia, for instance, weighs more heavily and persistently in first-world countries than it does in the third-world. While some researchers attribute this lop-sided relationship to the belief that the developing world has a lower rater of reporting and treatment (thus skewing the statistics) (Gilbert, Patel, Farmer, Lu, 2015), others assert that the higher rate in the Industrialized world is due to a host of reasons related to modernization,…. [read more]

Gay Marriage (Pro) Term Paper

… Gay Marriage (Pro)

Gay marriage is a very controversial subject today. Canada and many European nations have already legalized gay marriages. Massachusetts has also legalized gay marriages, though there the weddings do not have the full force of law as they are not recognized on a Federal level. Our society is in an on-going debate as to whether the unions of same-gendered couples will be recognized as equal to the unions of heterosexual couples. It is the stance of this author that marriage, or marriage like unions, must be allowed for same-gendered couples because it is necessary for the protection of both the individuals involved and their children, because it is both natural and with some historical precedence, and because there are no logical reasons…. [read more]

History of Economic of 4 Periods in the Ancient Civilization Essay

… Mesopotamia -- as the first settled, agrarian-based society, Mesopotamia was the birthplace of modern civilization. The likely scenario, according to archaeologists, is that groups of hunter gatherers noticed that the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers was conducive to the growth of grain, and over generations began to develop agriculture and animal husbandry. This transition from a nomadic mountain- and forest-based hunter-gatherer existence to stable plains-based and urban arrangements with surrounding farms was of inestimable importance for the development and viability of new kinds of culture, social techniques, technologies, and the need for permanent structures. In turn, this stability must have encouraged changes in thinking and innovation. Many of the other important aspects of modern civilisation had their origins during the Sumerian period in…. [read more]

Perceived Superiority of Modern Western Term Paper

… So, too, did architecture reach monumental heights. Since ancient times, people have erected massive stone structures with incredibly intricate floor plans and engineering design principles, such as the Egyptian pyramids and Babylonian ziggurats. The ancient Greeks and Romans perfected architecture with their marble temples and coliseums. These buildings not only pleased the eye; they served specific functions and were designed using math and science. Concrete, an invaluable construction tool, was invented in ancient Rome.

Writing and literature developed with the Mesopotamian cuneiform characters and the production of the first epics, like the epic of Gilgamesh. Language soon became a major source of recorded history, and eventually scribes wrote on paper instead of stone tablets. Still, recorded systems of alphabets like the Egyptian hieroglyphs form one…. [read more]

Athens and Sparta Essay

… ), but the educational system was designed to produce good soldiers. Training began for boys at age 7 and lasted 11 years. These youths underwent harsh treatment, very few clothes, no shoes, and to learn and take pride in enduring pain and hardship. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements (cold and heat) and all learning focused on weapons, boxing, wrestling, and fighting. At age of 20, Spartan men had to pass a series of daunting tests in order to become members of the military, at which time they were relegated to the barracks, regardless of their marital status. Provided these mean served a decade honorably, they could retire and become citizens by age 30, but were still attached peripherally to the military…. [read more]

Education Has Evolved Substantially Term Paper

… ¶ … Education has evolved substantially over the years, from an almost strictly oral tradition in the Greek era, from the beginning of what is recognized as the Greek classical period to the end of the Hellenistic period. (500-30 BCE) the next educational period to be discussed is the Renaissance from roughly 1400 to 1550 CE, with an education based almost entirely on a revival of such rhetorical thought and an emphasis on speaking and listening once again but with careful assimilation of the newly codified written works of both the Greek and Roman great thinkers. Lastly to modern 1970's educational tradition with many of the traditional oral lessons being emphasized while a myriad of new ideas came to be a part of the system.…. [read more]

Italian Renaissance Term Paper

… Italian Renaissance was the beginning of the Renaissance, a period of achievements and cultural changes that extended from the late XIV century until about 1600, constituting the transition between the Middle Ages and modern Europe.

The word Renaissance has a very explicit meaning that represents the renewed interest for the period in the culture of classic antiquity, after what would then be called "The Dark Age." Those changes, although significant, were concentrated in the upper classes, and for most of the common people the life style had little change compared to the middle ages.

Italian Renaissance began in Toscana, having its epicenter in Florence and Siena. This was followed by a powerful impact in Rome. The peak of the movement appeared at the end of…. [read more]

Art in Cultural Context Cybele Thesis

… Instead, the two very large and oversized lions in this iteration are pulling the cart which carries Cybele. Their large size of the animals imparts the importance of the figures and also shows that despite the fact that Cybele is smaller in perspective to the lions of the figure, she is completely the master over these beasts, making her mastery all the more powerful because of the false impression of being dwarfed. This particular piece is also interesting in that this was not designed as a statue to stand alone, but as part of a larger fountain where water would pour out of the lions' open mouths. Each lion is intricately detailed to exhibit both strength and subservience to the goddess who is master over…. [read more]

Western Humanities the Prevalence Term Paper

… According to sociologist Barry Adam, "In recent years... there has been a growing realization that the contemporary social organization of homosexuality into lesbian and gay worlds is a socially and historically unique development and that the traditional academic construction of 'the homosexual' has participated in this reifying process." (Halpern, 54) Once upon a time there were not definitions of "gay" or "straight" placed on members of society, but rather an accepted openness of sexuality that could be expressed in any number of ways. The homosexual love story was not a forbidden tale in the days of Ancient Greece, but rather the idealization of romance and art.

Leaps and bounds have been made in the past decades in bringing to light the occurrences of homosexuality among…. [read more]

Art of Love by Ovid Term Paper

… Ovid's "The Art of Love -- the Art of subtly critiquing an empire?

The Art of Love" may sound like the title of an American self-help book that topped the bestseller charts during the 1970's, rather than one of the great works of Roman satiric poetry. But is Ovid merely a raunchier, Classical Roman version of Dr. Ruth -- or does he offer more profound insights about the nature of men and women, sexuality, and the Roman Empire? Despite the spoofing tone of the text, ultimately Ovid's work emerges as a valorization of the ethics of the personal, and of feelings, in contrast to Caesar's stress upon public spiritedness and the austerity of emerging Roman Empirical values.

The epic scope of Ovid's philosophy is evident…. [read more]

Hygieia Research Paper

… Even then, the Catholic Church had cults of the saints and the Virgin Mary, who would also be venerated and prayed to for divine intervention in times of illness. For most of history, though, such statues of serene, virginal young women would have been regarded as representing divinity rather than simply as beautiful art objects. This is also what it makes me think about today, that the statue was considered a religious object, even though most people in the modern world would not know who this goddess was. To be sure, they would understand the concept of public health and hygiene, and even recognize that the snake is still used as a symbol of medicine, although they would not be aware of its meaning in…. [read more]

Greek Mythology Is a Collection of Stories Term Paper

… Greek Mythology is a collection of stories by ancient Greeks about their gods and heroes (World News 2007). These stories include myths of the origin of the world, an attempt to understand and interpret the universe and the origin of the world in human terms. Many of these stories have passed down from ancient times and in more than one version (Wickersham, ed 2000). The origin of mythology itself dates back to two civilizations before 1100 BC. These were the Mycenean in the Greek mainland and the Minoan in the proximate island of Crete. Ancient beliefs eventually mixed with legends from Greek kingdoms and city-states and myths from other tribes. Together, they evolved into this body of stories accepted by most Greeks. Ancient Greece was…. [read more]

Role of Islam Term Paper

… Even if different in appearance, the resemblance between the decorations used in a mosque in Afghanistan for example and a mosque in Spain are obvious. Why is that? One of the obvious reasons could be that, as is the case with law, art is in itself an expression of religion and the principles by which religion governs, among them unity and unicity (of God), can find their place in artistic manifestation as well. Islam art can indeed reveal the inherent religiousness of art.

The unity of Islamic art directly relates to the unity God in Islam. Otherwise, we cannot possibly explain the common cement that links artistic expressions in places that are geographically so far away from each other. But we must consider the fact…. [read more]

Earl of Rochester / Aphra Essay

… Within this rhetorical inversion, I think it possible that "cunt" is a term of great praise. It follows from the rhetorical inversion that Rochester's presentation of Corinna will be a whore who can speak in the lofty terms of abstract concepts when speaking about the poet's inability to achieve erection a second time after premature ejaculation:

When, with a thousand kisses wandering o'er

My panting bosom, "Is there then no more?"

She cries. "All this to love and rapture's due;

Must we not pay a debt to pleasure, too?"

("Imperfect Enjoyment" ll. 21-4)

In other words, Corinna acknowledges the poet's "love and rapture" as an excuse for the premature ejaculation, but hopes that her "kisses wandering" may stimulate him again so that she, too, may…. [read more]

Men in Nursing the History Term Paper

… In the present, discrimination against men in nursing exists in more subtle forms. Biased language is one type of discrimination, as the use of the female pronoun in nursing texts and the distinction of "male nurse" assumes that men in nursing is not normal (Wolfenden, 2011). Gender assumptions and stereotypes suggest that only females have the ability to empathize and be nurturing enough to serve patients (Meadus, 2000). The combination of gender assumptions, role strain, and gender bias language has culminated in recruitment barriers for men into the nursing field. The failure to recruit men into nursing only perpetuates the cycle and sustains nursing as a single-sex occupation. Recruiting high school males into baccalaureate programs has the potential to adjust stereotypes and address a forthcoming…. [read more]

Intermediary Archetypes Thesis

… Intermediary Archetypes

Superheroes as Reflections of Society's Ideals

When comparing the heroes of classical society with today's heroes, the differences are easy to see. Classical society had heroes like Odysseus, Achilles, and Aeneus -- strong men whose heroic actions are not achieved through good works, but through actions that benefited their nations in battle. In fact, many of the classical heroes' actions are not that heroic. They are often rather selfish, view women as objects, and seem rather helpless outside of the battlefield. In today's society, however, heroes have turned to into superheroes. Instead of earning their glory through battle, they are generally considered heroic for a good dead, such as stopping some war-minded evildoer who wants to take over the world. Instead of being…. [read more]

Tonight We Are Meeting Term Paper

… Tonight we are meeting to discuss why your child or children in this community in general are studying the humanities, or what can be distinguished as art, literature, philosophy, classical studies, history, religious studies, and history of science. In fact, you are here because you are an intellectual being who gives thought to education and to the needs of children. That makes you human and differentiates you from all other animals. At risk of sounding obvious, humans distinguish themselves because they produce, participate in or encourage the humanities.

Appreciation of the humanities stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried…. [read more]

Culture Hero Prometheus and Beowulf Thesis

… Cultural Heroes: Prometheus and Beowulf

The cultural hero is an individual who embodies the values of his culture in an idealized fashion. He is tested by fire, figuratively and often literally. His mettle must be proved again and again, and every test is greater than the last -- Prometheus creates man only to realize he must find a way to give his creation fire; Beowulf slays the monster Grendel, only to be confronted by Grendel's mother. Often the cultural hero stands apart from ordinary men and women because of his towering greatness. The unique strength and courage he possesses is a curse as well as a blessing.

This is perhaps most notably seen in the example of the cultural hero Prometheus, from ancient Greek mythology.…. [read more]

Presumption, Often Promulgated by Scholars and Politicians Essay

… ¶ … presumption, often promulgated by scholars and politicians in the developed world, that social, political and cultural development are synonymous with a move towards modernization. In fact, modernization theory is also sometimes referred to as the developmental doctrine, a paradigm spurred on particularly after World War II when the United States formed its Cold War policy and understood that it had obligations to the developing world (e.g. unindustrialized or newly independent post-colonial nations). Modernization can thus be an evolutionary movement of technological progress or a reaction to the past and a new template for the future. However, we must understand that it is both a continuous, and open-ended, process. It is not the type of social change in which there is a clear beginning,…. [read more]

Real America? Interestingly Enough Book Review

… Sexual laxness is not simply relaxing one's morality, but it is replacing the idea of oneself with the "selling of the sexuality of the person," as opposed to the myriad of other factors that make up that person's ability to actualize. This gap, then, causes a sense of cognitive dissonance that, like a cancer from within, eats away at American society.

Chapter 6- In "Pundits, Social Scientists, and the Flaming Liberals," Gosine attacks those pundits who believe they have the answers to all of America's problems. Gosine does not discriminate as to conservative or liberal -- he is equally as critical of the far right of Rush Limbaugh as he is of the hyper-religious of Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson. Equally of concern are those…. [read more]

Criminalization of Gays in the United States Essay

… Criminalization of Gays in the United States

Introduction- Clinically, homosexuality is the romantic and/or sexual attraction or behavior characteristics towards members of the same gender. It is far more complicated than just sexual preference, but more a pattern or disposition of attraction along with a social identity towards a particular group. The complexities may be explained more by viewing sexual orientation as a continuum; the famous Kinsey scale of 1 to 10, for instance. Rarely is someone either a 1 or a 10, and individuals may find themselves sliding on the scale at different times of their lives, different social or cultural situations, different stages of experimentation, and/or different stages of opportunity or arousal. In fact, there has been a tremendous growth and liberalization of…. [read more]

Impact of the Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery Dissertation

… ¶ … Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery

This paper will be focused on the Impact of the Epistle of Paul to Philemon on Slavery. The paper will start off (chapter 1: introduction) with an overview of the historical context in which slavery has existed over the years in the world. The historical context will be taken from the Americas, the Roman Empire as well as the theological and religious content available. The purpose of the introduction being designed this way is to provide the reader with a general idea of how slavery was structured during the time Apostle Paul had written to Philemon. The second chapter will be the literature review where the first few pages will give more insight on slavery as…. [read more]

Western Civilization From Prehistory Term Paper

… The British, French, and other empires spread across the globe. And although neither country was in the strict sense "ruled by a monarch," the idea behind the concept remained the same. Territorial expansion was a means toward achieving glory and immortality.

Of course, things have changed in the more than two thousand years since Alexander's time. In recent centuries, the way of the warrior has lost something of its old luster, and would-be conquerors have found it increasingly essential to justify their ambitions by other means. So, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries we have the concept of the White Man's burden, and the idea of the Western Powers bringing enlightenment and civilization to the benighted races of the Earth. Still more recently, however, even…. [read more]

History of Construction Technology Literature Review

… History Of Construction Technology

Time Periods

Tools, materials, innovations

Add (April notes) two subheadings: Construction Techniques and Construction Machines under each one.




Ancient Egyptian


Ancient Greek

Idea of "Simple Machine"




Roman Empire

Works of Vitruvius

Roman Crane


Byzantine Empire

Master builders of Byzatine

Islamic Golden Age


See YC's notes on Crusader Castles -- looks like mostly books

Romanesque (1000-1200)

a. See YC's links

9. Gothic (1200-1400)

a. See YC's links on Gothic architecture

10. Renaissance Period (1400-1600)

11. Baroque Period (1600-1750)

12. Industrial Revolution (1750-1900)

1. Construction Technology of Mesopotamia

1.1. Construction Techniques

The Mesopotamian civilization dates back to c.6000 BC. As one of the first Bronze Age cultures, this civilization was also the…. [read more]

Classical Periods Greek and Roman Thesis

… ¶ … Classical periods, Greek and Roman

The classical period in ancient Greece starts with the fifth century BC and it lasts until 323, the year Alexander the Great died. The period is considered as the pick of the Greek civilization in every form of life. The most notable event at the beginning at the classical period in Greece was Persian War. The War was described in detail by Herodotus, the so called "father of history." Thucydides wrote extensively on the Peloponnesian War, Plutarch's historic account were mainly based on the lives of personalities in the public life. Most of the historic writings of those who lived during this period of extensive development of Greek culture and civilization are accounts on military events and leaders,…. [read more]

History of Management of 12 Periods in Western Civilization Essay

… ¶ … management and leadership strategies were utilized by civilizations. Oftentimes, civilizations-based what services to provide and how to provide them to their citizens upon the particular needs of that particular civilization at that time. In this case, the vast majority of these societies existed long before there were terms or coursework offered in the management or leadership arena. Herein, beginning with Ancient Mesopotamia, this paper shall trek around the world to varying civilizations noting how the societies managed the particular needs of their citizens given the particular resources at hand and then figuring out how best to manage the particular needs of each country

Ancient Mesopotamia

Through the organizational behavior of the Sumerian priests and the leadership of Hammurabi, the Ancient World of Mesopotamia's…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.