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Animal Rights Essay

… Animal Rights

Over the past several decades, the media and pro-animal groups have paid increasing attention to what Singer called in his 1983 book the "animal liberation movement."

The issue of animal rights has been argued from both sides for some time. Singer and similar activists advocate for the continued well being of all sentient beings that are conscious and feel pain. Otherwise, they consider it speciesism. Similarly, MacIntyre adds that animals are arbitrarily divided into "human" and "nonhuman" without any further consideration given to the fact that intelligent mammals have a lot more in common with humans than they do with reptiles and worms. He states that the simplicity of this human and animal dualism tends to obscure the extent and importance of the…. [read more]


Animals in Captivity Term Paper

… Animals in Captivity

Zoological parks and aquariums continue to exist because they have respect for dignity of the animals in their care. Zoos found in different locations of the world have their own code of animal welfare. The World Association of Zoos and Aquarium in a bid to develop an ethical tradition has come up with a standard of conduct for zoo keepers the world over. The zoo keepers are therefore compelled to adhere to the highest code of ethical conduct. Zoo keepers are therefore compelled to assist in achieving the conservation and survival of species. Any action they take must factor in the welfare of individual animal. Zoo keepers must promote the interests of wildlife conservation, biodiversity and animal welfare (WAZA, 2003). They have…. [read more]


Animals and Society Essay

… Animal Rights

The roles of animals in the society are explored by highlighting the facts highlighted by a number of authors. The interaction of human beings with the animals is an important part of the society. These roles are highlighted by the articles highlighted in the paper.

'Animal liberation' is an important book written by Peter Singer. The main fact highlighted by the author in the book is the importance of launching the animal rights movement. It was published in 1975 when animal rights movement gained toll in an industrialized world. The organization named as People for Ethical Treatment of Animals, PETA, has heavily criticized the book by Peter Singer, but the realities that have been highlighted by Peter are more important. The rights that…. [read more]


Animals Research Paper

… Animals generally are an example of how nature works instinct work because of their unique features of developing and adapting in a world full of unknown and adversities. The evolution of humanity had also brought negative effects for the animal reign because of the fast growing urban areas and the intensive agricultural activities.

The Amur Leopard is one of nature's priceless creations and it is an impressing member of the animal reign as a big cat. The species is even more priceless compared to others due to the fact that it is one of the most endangered species with an estimate of only 30 individuals still living in the wild. It is also known as the Far Eastern Leopard, the Manchurian Leopard, or the Korean…. [read more]


Animal Testing: Pros and Cons Essay

… Because animals used for testing and research are in a lab and not their natural habitat they are under a great deal of stress which can thus affect the accuracy of tests (Aldhous, Coghlan and Copley). Many drugs being tested on animals react differently when a body is under stress.

The major pro-for animal testing is that it aids researchers in finding drugs and treatments to improve health and medicine. Many medical treatments have been made possible by animal testing, including cancer and HIV drugs, insulin, antibiotics, vaccines and many more (Dixon). It is for this reason that animal testing is considered vital for improving human health and it is also why the scientific community and many members of the public support its use. In…. [read more]


Animal Experimentations Thesis

… Animal Rights - Animal Experimentation

THE ETHICS of ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION

Since the dawn of medical science animals have been used for the purposes of testing hypotheses before risking human health and human lives on untried new technologies. It makes perfect logical sense to do so, but the process is susceptible to moral criticism for subjecting captive animals to disease, discomfort, and often death, exclusively for our benefit. Certain types of scientific uses of animal subjects are justified, even at the animal's expense. Still, the most equitable balance of all the interests and ethical issues involved requires a multidimensional perspective instead of characterizing all animal experimentation right or wrong absolutely. Discussion of the Issues:

Human beings have hunted and raised domesticated animals for food and raw…. [read more]


Animal Imagery in King Lear Term Paper

… 4.93-95).

King Lear responds to Edgar's story and plight with the clearest comparison to men and animals:

Why, thou wert better in thy grave than to answer, with thy uncovered body this extremity of the skies,

Is man no more than this? Consider him well.

Thou / owest the worm no silk, the beast no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume. Ha! here's three on/'s are sophisticate! Thou art thing itself, unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor bare, forked animal as thou art. Off, off, you lendings / come unbutton here" (3.4.104-111).

One of the more charming analogies used in the play is when Edgar asks King Lear, "Let us deal justly / Sleepest or wakest thou, jolly shepherd?…. [read more]


Zoo Animals Human Beings Research Paper

… Therefore, it cannot be assumed that successful breeding programs necessarily mean an increase in animal welfare, but rather that there are more animals of any given species, who may or may not be treated well depending on the specific zoo.

The idea that successful breeding programs necessarily mean an increase in animal welfare is so pervasive precisely because it feels so intuitive; the assumption is that if animals are reproducing, then they must have at least some minimal level of comfort. In a similar way, the idea that long-lived animals necessarily connote high standards of animal welfare is extremely popular, because it is easy to assume that long-lived animals must have led a comfortable life, or else they would not survive for so long. This…. [read more]


Animal Species Studied Term Paper

… The omega wolf would keep his head hung low, while the Alpha kept his head held very high. Although the wolves in captivity obviously did not hunt prey, they did play with large beach balls provided to them in a manner similar to what I would expect from a pack hunting, with the different wolves running around to keep the "prey" herded in while others lunged in for the attack.

The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

The black bear, also known as the cinnamon bear, is the most common bear in North America. In fact, 39 of the 50 United States have black bear terrain within them. Today the number of black bears sits below 200,000, though once there were as many as two million…. [read more]


Animal Behavior Term Paper

… NRA Uses Propaganda to Promote Lies about Condors & Lead Poisoning

Those who want to help the recovery program for the endangered California Condor are up against the powerful National Rifle Association (NRA, 2011), and the fight to preserve and restore the species is not going to be won easily because of the propaganda put out by the NRA. The main issue is lead poisoning. Condors "are highly susceptible to lead toxicity," according to the Ventana Wildlife Society. Many other respected wildlife and conservation organizations concur that even small fragments of lead bullets, or shotgun pellets, can kill a condor, depending on how long the lead is in the bird's digestive system. Condors are relatives of the vulture and unlike raptors, the California Condor feeds…. [read more]


Marine Mammals the Film Blackfish Essay

… Marine Mammals

The film Blackfish is a documentary from CNN that focuses on the case of the orca Tilikum who is captured and held at SeaWorld. The idea is that it is inadvisable to keep certain species in captivity since large and intelligent animals do not do well in small spaces. The documentary begins with the capture of Tilikum off the coast of Iceland, left in small dark tanks, and trained to do tricks that may also contribute to the animal's psychotic nature (Blackfish, 2013).

First, it is clearly obvious that orcas and other species have no business being kept in captivity. Research shows that orcas are extremely social and have stable groups that exist for decades. They are sophisticated pack hunters and some research…. [read more]


Mastery Over Nature Term Paper

… " (1995 citing Zuckerman, 1979) By the late seventeenth century 'menageries' became popular.

Menageries were quite simply caged animals kept in private collections as a status symbol for the owners. Louis XIV is known to have had such a collection know as the Versailles menageries in which a botanical garden was arrange with an enclosure for elephants and lions around his house. The collection of Louis XIV was moved in 1804 to Paris and kept in a zoological garden called Jardin des Plantes in what was a public exhibit of the animals. The animals were kept in Paris and were adherent to "scientific formulations about non-human nature that supported practices of animal confinement." (Anderson, 1995)

It is reported that legitimacy to the concept of the…. [read more]


Haldane "Some Enemies of Science Essay

… We are, after all, animals.

Haldane views granting animals any type of intelligence and subjectivity sentiment, versus rationality. He condemns a system which requires him to justify a 'novel' means of killing a mouse but which allows animals to be slaughtered for food and allows his wife to kill rats with poison. He condemns peers who fox hunt yet who would prohibit vivisection (Haldane 7). To some extent, Haldane's point that compassion for animals is not logically consistent is valid. It could also be argued that a perfectly ethical life in regards to animals is virtually impossible. Outlawing all uses of animals for food would condemn certain types of animals (house cats) to ill health or even an early death, since cats are carnivores. Is…. [read more]


Religion and Animal Rights Term Paper

… Religion.Animal.Rights

Rogerian Argument Animal Testing: Collaboration and Compromise

**please note, writer does not have a copy of the full text used so cited per the information available by text. Bibliography may require modification based on client's knowledge and material used. Thank you!

The purpose of this paper is to help people understand how important it is to recognize animal rights, and what can be done to minimize the impact of testing on animals so their safety is always a top priority among researchers. Many people with religious ideals often use animals in ways animal rights activists may consider cruel. This paper will help those with different opinions on this subject understand the other's side to reduce conflict.

Arguments

Many opponents of animal testing proclaim testing…. [read more]


Panther, by Reiner Maria Rilke Essay

… The one behind the wheel thinks like the deserving member of the community: he or she leaves the shelter of his or her car, transgressing, to enter the darkness, guided by his taillights. His first action is thus apparently motivated by his or her concern for the other members of his own community: "the road is narrow; to swerve might make more dead."

To describe the reason that made him or her descend into the darkness, the first word the narrator uses is noncommittal: "a heap." The second word that follows immediately is: "a doe." This is another word for the female deer, but it will also bring one to the idea of a John / Jane Doe: an unidentified corpse, that is, a dead…. [read more]


Scientific Report of Tufted Capuchin Essay

… The habitat receives both sun and shade and the group does have access to an indoor facility. The entire site is visible from multiple viewing locations and the animals are desensitized to observers through near-continuous observation by zoo attendees.

The tufted capuchin typically lives in a social group between two and twenty animals. The groups contain one dominant male and can have multiple subordinate males and a group of females (Groves 2005). The capuchin diet is omnivorous and feeding is often dictated by a social hierarchy presented by the dominant male and the closeness of a select group of preferred females (di Bitetti 2001).

The group was observed for 2 hours and 15 minutes in a single observation period. Animals were counted and the following…. [read more]


De Waal and Kummer Term Paper

… De Waal and Kummer

What do Kummer and de Waal describe as the major ecological (environmental and social) conditions altered by captivity?

Observing primates in zoos proved to have significant limitations. Kummer notes that zoos' practices of keeping only one mature adult male helped avoid serious fights, but that the lone male paid a price - boredom. Artificially restricting the make-up of groups meant that zoo-based groups did not have the same populations that wild troupes would have. DeWaal also noted that the amount of space allotted to a group affected how they interacted. He found that the artificial nature of zoos could have unexpected consequences. Chimpanzees in the wild feed by foraging, which separates groups and prevents fights over food. The artificial way zoos…. [read more]


Zoos the History of Zoos Is Entwined Essay

… Zoos

The history of zoos is entwined with the history of human civilizations. Zoos represent the relationship between human beings and their natural environment, and especially between human beings and other animals. The very existence of zoos, and their predecessors such as menageries and personal collections of wild animals, suggests that human beings have attempted control wild animals in some form. Zoos enable human beings to watch, domesticate, and use wild animals for any number of purposes including entertainment. Wild animal collections have been overt status symbols throughout human history and in many different cultures (Kisling). Core purposes for zoos and related institutions such as aquariums include "recreation, education, research, and conservation," (Kisling). However, the philosophy and ethics of zoos are questionable. Before the existence…. [read more]


Wildlife Attractions Animal Term Paper

… Indeed many people visit zoos and other wildlife attractions and there is great potential to teach the public about wildlife welfare in conservations (Animal Ethics Clarifier). This can be done through information plaques near animal exhibits and through explanations given by tour guides (Animal Ethics Clarifier).

On the other hand those that oppose these attractions assert that even when these educational tools are present most people do not absorb the information. The author points out that "Even where relatively good educational material is available, little of it can be absorbed at any one visit and most zoo-goers disregard it; children especially rush from one exhibit to another, staying a while only if animals are being fed (Animal Ethics Clarifier)."

Those that oppose wildlife attractions also…. [read more]


Farmed' and Naturally Bred Salmon Term Paper

… For example, bears and many birds feed on the salmon. If the salmon disappear, these animals could also disappear, and their lives are intermingled with the forests and lands where they live. If they die off, other plants and animals may eventually die off, and then others, who no longer face their natural predators, might grow and overtake the area, changing the entire natural environment, just like the rabbits changed Australia.

Many people argue that the hatchery raised fish are the very same as the wild fish, but it seems clear this is not the case. They may be similar, but they are not exactly the same. That is like saying that because we are all human, we are all the same. We know this…. [read more]


Jellyfish Are Marine Invertebrates Term Paper

… Jellyfish are marine invertebrates which are part of the Scyphozoan class, and in turn the phylum Cnidaria; "members of this structurally simple marine group possess one of two body forms. Sea anemones, sea whips, corals and hydroids are polyps growing attached to rocks or other hard surfaces of the sea. Jellyfish and the Portuguese man-of- war are free-swimming medusa. Both body forms display radial symmetry with body parts radiating from a central axis. This symmetry allows jellyfish to respond to food or danger from any direction." Moreover, they have strange shapes and colors: they might look like a bell or an inverted bowl from 3 millimeters to 2 meters in diameter. Their bells contain small sense organs that respond to light and gravity.

Their jelly…. [read more]


Snakes Have Been Interesting Term Paper

… However, snakes need special care, partly because they are so unique and partly because their life in captivity is very different than the life they would have had in the wild. Although many pet snakes are bred in captivity, they are still wild animals with the needs of wild animals. In addition, they are predators, and owners should think about how large a predator they are willing to have in their home in, say, ten years. Potential snake owners need to know that if their cute, squirmy reptile turns into a giant predator, few people will want the snake, and zoos typically do not take snakes that have lived as pets.

Snakes in the wild move about from environment to control their body temperature. During…. [read more]


Primate Characteristics Anthropoids: In Allen's Swamp Monkey Essay

… Primate Characteristics

Anthropoids:

In Allen's swamp monkey the genitalia is unpronounced and estrus and menses is unknown as well as the breeding season. The male appears to be larger and is sexually dimorphic. There does not appear to be differences in coat color. The species is a quadruped. The arms appear to be longer. The thumbs and big toes are opposable and no tail. It appears to have nails. They probably spend more time on the ground in their natural habitat. It has a small tail and appears to use the tail the same in captivity as in the wild. The Lincoln Park Zoo exhibit differs from its natural environment.

Francois' langur does not appear to be sexually dimorphic and genitalia unpronounced without much difference…. [read more]


Zoos Are Categorically Utilitarian in Their Purpose Term Paper

… Zoos are categorically utilitarian in their purpose and function. Even when zoos participate in the preservation of species, education, consciousness raising, and fundraising, they are still performing a utilitarian function that precludes the individual rights of the animals therein. The zookeeper works on the principle of utility -- that it is useful to maintain an institution that promotes education and research, as well as promotes ecological integrity via the preservation of species. Most zookeepers would also claim that their facilities and their working procedures ensure the humane treatment and welfare of the animals; that animals are being treated well by being regularly fed, offered time to play and interact with others in their species, and not being harmed. Any restrictions to the animal's freedom is…. [read more]


Masson, Jeffrey Moussaieff, and Mccarthy, Susan Term Paper

… Masson, Jeffrey Moussaieff, and McCarthy, Susan. When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals. 1995: Delacorte Press.

In the prologue of this book, Massan explains that scientists have been carefully trained to believe that animals do not experience emotions. He dismantles that notion easily on the second page when he describes being charged by an enraged elephant. Unless anger is not an emotion, it's pretty clear that elephant experienced at least one emotion. Masson explains that scientists want to avoid "anthropomorphism," or attributing human feelings, attitudes or thoughts, to animals. With the story of the charging elephant, the author sets the reader up to have an open mind for what will follow.

One of the problems in attempting to observe emotions is in the nature…. [read more]


Cheetahs the Magnificent Term Paper

… Once a cheetah has decided to attack prey, a "typical chase lasts less than one minute" (Ebsco). In addition to this, other aspects of the animal's physique make it a prime candidate for running and they are an "oversized liver, enlarged heart, wide nostrils, increased lung capacity" (Cheetah.com). The Smithsonian states that cheetahs are "built more like greyhounds than typical cats" (Smithsonian). These hidden aspects of the cheetah demonstrate how it has evolved over the centuries to become what it is today. These facts make the animal seem even more majestic to me because I found them so fascinating to begin with.

Other odd and interesting facts about cheetah that I did not know made me appreciate the animal even more. For example, I did…. [read more]


Coastal Animals Sea Turtles (Seaworld Term Paper

… They often opportunistically feed. They follow trawlers. Fishermen often feed dolphins. Unlike bottlenoses, speckled dolphins are not as sociably disposed to man. They do not approach boats and it is difficult for humans to approach them.

There is evidence that speckled dolphins will typically become friendlier over time. There is anecdotal evidence that a dolphin Scar and her calf Junior became friendly with locals in a costal town. A local dog was often seen swimming with the two dolphins.

Speckled dolphins swim in small groups often not exceeding seven. But groups of more than twenty-five have also been observed. In terms of other aspects such as mating, calving and sexual dimorphism, they are much

Elephant Seals

Seals are pinipeds, where the limps have evolved into…. [read more]


Primates Are More Cognitively Advanced Term Paper

… Vocalizations of apes contain semantic detail about social relations as well as external threats. Chimpanzees give food-calls in the wild that attract others; in captivity they can lead others to hidden food, and convey its quality. Apes deliberately deceive others, concealing both food and sex and even fake facial expressions or erections. The capacities to give or withhold information and to be aware of others' intentions may be pre-requisites for the capacity to form ideas (ibid).

The most primitive hominids had a brain size of 400 to 600, much less than was previously expected. Hominids from two million years ago shared food between the sexes and ages, had a sexual division of labor, and a family main unit. Men hunted and scavenged meat.

In 2001,…. [read more]


Wild Life Conservation Term Paper

… Controversy Over Zoos

Most people have fond memories of going to the zoo as children to see the animals. Younger people probably remember clean places with no barred cages and some attempt at a natural setting for the animals. Older people will remember row on row of small cages with metal bars where animals had little to do except to pace back and forth all day. Most would agree that the newer zoos, using moats rather than bars, and providing naturalized enclosures, are preferable. However, some animal activists believe that even these zoos are inherently cruel and inhumane. Zoos are caught in the middle, believing that their facilities help educate people about the dangers of letting animals go extinct, about the encroachment of civilizations on…. [read more]


Lonesome George, Martha, and the Black Rhinoceros Research Paper

… Black Rhinoceros / Extinction

Imagining Extinction:

The Black Rhinoceros and the Last of the Race

This paper intends to discuss the idea of extinction. Such discussion necessarily entails a certain amount of scientific discourse, but in particular I would like to ramify the scientific discussion with some literary and cultural insights as well. The reason for this should be obvious. Extinction as a scientific concept is the end of a species: as species are scientifically defined by the ability to breed and create fertile offspring, the very concept of a species depends upon the notion of reproduction, perpetuation, posterity. Extinction, therefore, entails the cessation of this reproduction, followed by the death of all representatives of the given species. In discussing the idea of extinction, however,…. [read more]

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