Viewing papers 31-60 of 88 for animals captivity

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Parrots Are at the Top Term Paper

… Parrots Are at the Top of the Species Chain

We parrots are sometimes underestimated by our ignorant caretakers, humans. Many times we are overlooked as simple pets; that our very existence depends on the resourcefulness of the human race. However, this view is entirely wrong. We, as parrots, are intelligent, resourceful, dangerous, and most importantly, at the top of the species chain.

All bird species predate humans, and all mammals for that matter, by millions of years. Sometimes humans forget that our ancestors walked the earth with the dinosaurs. Most humans, who like to think they own us as pets, forget that our origins trace back around seventy million years. In fact, many human scientists don't even know for sure when or how our first…. [read more]

Rapid Population Growth... Though I Am Impressed Essay

… ¶ … Rapid Population Growth...

Though I am impressed and elated at the black-footed ferret's proven ability to come back from the brink of extinction and repopulate its natural habitat after captive breeding, something in the first paragraph of this article caught my eye and deserves, I believe some measure of reaction. What attracted my attention and caused me to bristle slightly is the fact that many endangered species bred in captivity and then re-released to their natural habitats "fail to produce self-sustaining populations" due in part to the "persistence of the environmental factors that caused the species to become endangered." Now, it does not particularly raise my wrath that the authors include this seemingly obvious statement in the first two sentences of their article,…. [read more]

Endangered Tuna for Centuries Term Paper

… The most modern of these trawlers have their own freezers and facilities. Because the catch can be processed on board, these fishing boats can remain at sea for months at a time.

Corollary to commercial overfishing, the tuna stocks are also being depleted by tuna farming. Australian fishers, for example, use purse seine nets to enclose shools of Southern bluefins and tow them to fishpens located near the Australian mainland. The tuna are then fattened for a few months before being slaughtered and sold to the Japanese markets ("What are Southern Bluefin Tuna").

Tuna farms have also exploded along the Mediterranean coast. As of 2002, 30 farms along the Spanish, Croatian and Maltese coasts produced an estimated 12,000 metric tons of tuna annually. More tuna…. [read more]

Horse Slaughter in the United States Thesis

… Horse Slaughter


Introduction to the Range of Moral Perspective:

Human beings have hunted animals for food since the dawn of earliest civilization and have been raising them in captivity for work and for slaughter since the first evidence of recorded human history, such as that preserved in prehistoric cave art that has survived to this today. On one hand, humans have evolved as hunters in exactly the same manner as other animal predators, in which case, it is difficult to make the argument that the slaughter of certain animal species for human consumption is morally permissible while human consumption of other animal species is morally reprehensible.

Likewise, moral beliefs about specific animal species are substantially dependent on social culture, which…. [read more]

Dolphin in Japan Research Paper

… ¶ … Environmental Ethics

The Japanese Dolphin Harvest

In Japan, dolphin and whale meat have been traditional food for many centuries. In Western culture, dolphin and whale have come to be regarded with much greater respect and consideration, largely because of the complexity of their family structure, their sophisticated communications, and their capacity for interspecies social relationships and bonding with human beings. In that light, it is a horrible moral atrocity that the Japanese brutally trap and slaughter terrorized intelligent and sentient creatures such as dolphin with absolutely no regard for their suffering. According to one account:

"In a typical hunt the fishermen pursue pods of dolphins across open seas, banging metal poles together beneath the water to confuse their hypersensitive sonar. The exhausted animals…. [read more]

Vervet Monkey, or Chlorocebus Essay

… There are seasonal changes in behavior and activity based on day range and travel for food. In areas where there are fewer resources, vervets need to travel further and thus encounter other tribes more and typically are friendly and social; the exception being times of drought and privation. In certain environments, however, vervets can be extremely territorial. The live in multiple male/female groupings, sometimes as large as 80 individuals. They exhibit a strong group hierarchy -- with dominant males and females given priority in food gathering and consumption. The vervet exhibit a social system in which the females remain in the same home range from birth, but males leave once they are sexually mature. Grouping typically occupy an area of .06 to 1.78 square kilometers;…. [read more]

Unusual Ecological Challenges of Our Slippery Friend, the Eel Essay

… Eels / Conservation

The chief difficulty in evaluating the possible endangered species listing of the American Eel (Anguilla rostrata) is the somewhat bizarre life-cycle of the organism. Although the eel is chiefly a freshwater fish, in order to reproduce it travels from the freshwater waterways where it makes its home, and every eel in America makes its way in the ocean to the Sargasso Sea, a region of the Atlantic Ocean in what is popularly known as the "Bermuda Triangle" (south of the Bahamas and east of Bermuda). From this centralized oceanic spawning-ground, the eggs are fertilized and hatch into miniscule larval eels which then travel back to the freshwater ecosystems where the eels spend most of their adult life apart from this mating ritual.…. [read more]

Fire Dynamics Research Paper

… ¶ … Basin Complex Fire in California

Introduction and Fire Facts

California is a big, beautiful state, featuring mountains, deserts, beaches, and vast forested areas. Much of California is rural and wilderness. But California it is known for some serious problems due to natural hazards, such as frequent earthquake activity; it is also known for wildfires and for flooding in the season after the wildfires. The fires that scorch California in the summer and fall leave the earth barren and subject to flooding and mudslides when the winter rains arrive. This paper reviews and analyzes the great fire of the summer of 2008, the Basin Complex fire, and the dynamics of that fire vis-a-vis the natural world that it had an affect on. Also, the…. [read more]

World Without Cetaceans Term Paper

… ¶ … Cetaceans

The feeling that this movie (the Cove) brings to peoples heart is obvious unless your heart is made of stone that you are unlikely not to be unaffected by it, when it displays how malevolence man has proved to be. In deed the mind get boggles when you think through if truly the picture comes to the perpetrators and if they know exactly that what they're doing in indulging in such atrocities, this extermination activity of species is found among those who are unsympathetic, brutal, and besmirched by the smell of proceeds that highlights Man's susceptibility for obliteration. It is total bullshit and it just portrays how deliberately ignorant we can at times get due to either lack of indulgent, or just…. [read more]

Ecology / Biology Term Paper

… In fact, they engaged in fewer staggered dashes, engaged in more slow swims, and re-emerged from cover more frequently than the non-infected fish (Barber, et. al., 1431-1438). Because their findings were so similar to those found by Foster and Ness in the wild fish population, it comes as no surprise that Barber et. al. believed that these changes were the result of the threespine sticklebacks' adaptation to the Schistocephulus solidus .

Returning to Arnott's work, Barber studied the relationship between threespine stickleback size and Schistocephulus solidus size. What Barber believed was that the larger the fish, the larger the parasite invading the fish could grow. However, Barber also believed that larger fish might be more successful as predators, and therefore stronger and more able to…. [read more]

River Runs Term Paper

… Because Jacobs emphasizes that degredation is the worst aspect of slavery by printing this on the cover of her narrative, the river offers the only means to escape this psychological torture. The river is also a means to escape physical torture, as the woman in Chapter XXIII was ordered to be "stripped and whipped," (184). Therefore, the woman escaped both physical and mental degredation and torture by ending her life in the river. The river, which is impartial and passionless, provides this safe means to passage, even if it means the ending of a life. Jacobs implies that suicide through drowning in the river is often preferable -- and more honorable -- than continued bondage. The river passes no judgment on the souls of those…. [read more]

Noam Chomsky's Language Term Paper

… By giving the dolphins a waterproof keyboard with a set of symbols, Herman also found that the dolphins could produce language as well as understand it. The dolphins learned that pushing certain key symbols with their snouts generated specific whistling sounds. In effect, they were "writing" sentences while they were speaking. Through this technique, the researchers further concluded that dolphins were capable of understanding language, could use abstract concepts and can think in terms of the past and future (Hume).

These are all cognitive abilities that were previously solely as human abilities. In addition, the use of a specific set of whistles and the ability to understand and express the differences between "bring the ball to the basket" and "bring the basket to the ball"…. [read more]

Religion the Cuban Community Term Paper

… He also said that there is not much of a boundary between the religions for most people. People burn candles, they go to church, they pray to the Orishas, and they pray to Jesus. There is no conflict of identity or fear that Santeria clashes with Catholicism. The priest might think differently, perhaps, but it could be that Catholicism has remained relatively tolerant of syncretic traditions under its umbrella such as Santeria and also Haitian voudou. Santeria and voudou still encourage people to worship and go to Church, as their community supports these rituals as well as the rituals of the African religions. Because the community supports a syncretic faith, there is a community cohesion that the Church dare not interfere with and has also…. [read more]

Reptiles and Amphibians as Sources of Food Term Paper

… ¶ … Reptiles and amphibians as sources of food: The solution to sustainability?

Concerns about the sustainability of the Western diet, which heavily emphasizes methane-producing beef, chicken, pork, and endangered seafood, have motivated both ordinary consumers and chefs alike to seek out other sources of protein, including bison, wild game such as venison, insects -- and even reptiles and amphibians. While many may curl their nose at the prospect of eating herptiles for food, these creatures are routinely consumed in many areas of the world. Frogs and turtles are already farmed for food. However, from the point-of-view of an investor who is responsive to current concerns about sustainability in the market place, the animal that is most amenable to the current palate, is the most…. [read more]

Slavery Term Paper

… As Civil war began, the population of slave trade had increased by 4 million. Even though the basis of the slavery was racism, white owners and black women were widely engaged in sexual relations, basing their argument from the simple words in the Declaration of Independence "all men are created equal" the undid Aristotle's ancient formula of Thomas Jefferson, used in governing human affairs until 1776: "From the hour of their birth, some men are marked out for subjection, others for rule." Jefferson's original draft of the declaration, soaring, damning fiery prose, Jefferson describes slave trade to be execrable commerce and assemblage of horrors, he continue to describe it as a cruel war against human nature itself that violates its most sacred rights of life…. [read more]

Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories Term Paper

… Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories

The biotechnology industry is relatively new, but is has been responsible for some of the most important scientific discoveries that have benefited humanity to date. A concomitant to these contributions by the biotechnology community, though, has been the increased use of animals that are bred specifically for this purpose, a practice that has been roundly criticized by animal rights activists and the general public alike in recent years. Despite these criticisms, though, the use of animals in scientific experimentation is a highly regulated practice, but even these safeguards fall far short of providing any ultimate protections for laboratory animals and calls for an end to the practice continue today. Nevertheless, laboratory animals are big business and the industry…. [read more]

Hunting Native American Hunting Rights Essay

… Hunting

Native American hunting rights are a contentious issue in American politics. Often Native American hunting practices conflict directly with the practice of preserving wilderness areas in federal lands. Hunting is the most innate and natural method of acquiring meat. Yet American agricultural practices have transformed the model of eating animal products. Instead of hunting for animals in small-scale meat production for community subsistence, agro-business has taken over the land. Agro-business meats are far less ethically produced than meat that has been hunted, given that the latter refers to wild animals or animals raised in controlled environments, whereas the former refers to animals in captivity, confined inhumanely, and injected with hormones. In The Omnivore's Dilemma, Michael Pollan exposes many of the nefarious practices of the…. [read more]

Zoo: National Zoo Date Research Paper

… ¶ … Zoo: National Zoo

Date of observation: November 30, 2012

Time observation began: 10:17a.m. Time observation ended: 12:35 P.M.

Common name of primate: Western Lowland Gorilla

Scientific name of primate: Gorilla gorilla

Suborder: Haplorrhini

Infraorder: Simiiformes

Superfamily: Hominoids

Family: Hominidae

Subfamily: Homininae

Genus: Gorilla

Species: gorilla

Subspecies: gorilla

Description of enclosure, setting, and weather:

The enclosure for the gorillas is called the Great Ape House and it houses both gorillas and orangutans. They have an inside habitat as well as an outside habitat. The inside habitat is very stark in appearance. It has what appears to be a concrete floor, visible cages along the back wall of the exhibit, and what looks like very large tree limbs used to create a play structure. The…. [read more]

Human Nature Reading Comprehension Test Term Paper

… Human Nature

Reading comprehension test about the script "Human Nature" by Charlie Kaufman

sniffing red swollen female rump...(8) sniffing red swollen female rump makes it seem as if the female's physical body is weeping. In other words the woman's body is a stand-in for her entire self. However, the fact that this stand-in is an unattractive body part, namely a rump, makes this verbal stand-in ugly rather than attractive.

I would become a hairless lie (15) hairless being is considered to be young, especially if it is a male. A hairless being is also naked and defenseless, like a baby. The speaking liar is thus revealed for all of his mendacity, and his foolishness and youth. Also, he has 'become' his dishonesty; he has become…. [read more]

Nurse Discuss as Well as Compare Thesis

… Nurse

Discuss as well as compare and contrast the use of a seduction plot and the issue of American Identity in Susanna Rowson's early American novel, Charlotte Temple, and Royal Tyler's early American play, The Contrast.

Dominic Florian


The issue of the American female identity is related to a wide range of historical and cultural issues. This paper explores the thesis that a novel such as Rowson's Charlotte Temple was a pivotal element in the establishment of this female identity. The book is analyzed in conjunction with related texts such as Tyler's The Contrast, from the perspective of the role that these works play in the awakening of female consciousness and awareness in the country to the problems and challenges that faced their gender…. [read more]

Blue Whale Term Paper

… The whales suck in big gulps of ocean water, and the tiny shrimp and plankton (microscopic sea animals) are filtered out, and the whale swallows them. Blue whales can eat anywhere from 2,000 to 9,000 pounds of food a day! But they don't eat all the time. They only eat in the summertime after they have migrated to the cold waters of the Arctic or Antarctic.

Blue Whales are important and beautiful animals, who are endangered, but we can all help these whales to make sure they don't disappear.

The Blue Whale Needs Your Help!

How Can You Help?

You can help the Blue Whale survive. Because too many of the whales were being killed by whaling ships, in 1966 the International Whaling Commission (IWC)…. [read more]

Fenimore Cooper, Last Essay

… Ancient concepts of time as a great circle through which everything turned before regaining the original point for a fresh departure, [sic] offered little scope for absolute endings and last things. In such systems, any ending must also be a beginning, while the significance of individual events is qualified by thoughts of endless repetition -- just as each winter is followed by spring, each sunset redeemed by faith in the dawn. The same does not apply to linear concepts of time, where the model is not that of the natural cycles common to a community, but of an individual life moving in one direction from birth to death. Here, events are unrepeatable and endings carry no guarantee of regeneration, so "the last" has a much…. [read more]

Coetzee and Defoe Coetzee's Novels Essay

… 148). Living in London at the heart of the imperial metropolis, Friday is no longer exactly a slave, but he is far from being a truly free man with equal rights to whites. Susan makes him sleep in the cellar, and he is not allowed to eat with her and Foe, while whites on the streets are cruel to him. In short, Friday's situation in London is like that of poor and segregated minority groups in the U.S., South Africa and other Western nations in the 20th Century, in that 'freedom' generally proved illusory. Even Susan has a paternalistic attitude towards him, stating that "I do not love him, but he is mine," which puts her in the category of well-meaning, liberal whites who are…. [read more]

Jewish Monotheism Historians of Judaism Research Paper

… Of course the deification of Julius Caesar by the Roman Senate had earlier occurred before the Second Triumvirate had broken down -- both Augustus and Mark Antony would join to pay homage at the shrine of the newly deified Caesar before their relations devolved into Civil War. Yet Caligula's demand that a statue of himself be placed in the temple at Jerusalem represented a fundamental error in the Roman understanding of Jewish monotheism. This is perhaps chiefly derived from the fact that Greek and Roman polytheism maintained a tradition of religious syncretism, in which foreign cults were easily accepted. (The acceptance of Judaism as a cult, through Christianity, is testament to this, but Romans of the period also imported various other eastern cults, including Mithraism,…. [read more]

Douglass Garrison Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Research Proposal

… Douglass Garrison

Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison and Abolition

The economic, social and ideological underpinnings of the American southland during the nation's formative decades were provided by the myriad assumptions which enabled the 'peculiar institution' of slavery. A functionality and permissiveness to the system that predisposed the nation's transplanted African population to servitude and obsequiousness was based not simply on the brutal enforcement of labor and inferiority, but even more fundamentally on the fostering of a sophisticated psychological conditioning centered on a drastic deviation from natural conceptions of that which defines a man and his inherent humanity. To create a reality in which the ownership of one many by another many could serve to promote a relative harmony for white dominance, it was incumbent upon…. [read more]

Creation Myth Analysis Term Paper

… The Law was both cause and effect in the recreation of the race after the Babylonian exile."

Unless this fact is taken into account, Wellhausen cautioned, "one will above all fail to understand the great work accomplished by the prophets in destroying Old Israel, and preparing the way first for Judaism, and then for the Gospel"; however, Wellhausen did not merely employ literary arguments as his predecessors had done. In fact, he went so far as to track the development of religious forms and practices and provided an examination of the religious cult of the Hebrews, their ceremonials and holy places, and an analysis of the historical books of the Old Testament. Furthermore, this historian had larger plans for the future including an analysis of…. [read more]

English Rhetoric Prison Punishment or Rehabilitation Essay

… english rhetoric. Prison: punishment or rehabilitation?

[the inmate skills development program is focused on putting together abilities which are indispensable to a successful integration in society. There are a series of skills involved in the program, each meant to create individuals that will have no trouble in dealing with the outside world, and that will not consider crime an alternative in accomplishing their goals. All inmates, regardless of the crimes that they have committed, should be entitled to using this program, since it presents people with the chance of coming at peace with themselves. At the same time the programs assists society in its efforts to eliminate criminal behavior and criminal thoughts.]

The criminal justice system is basically meant to insure the well-being of the…. [read more]

High Degree of Misinformation Essay

… Discuss the changes.

Prior to taking this course, in many ways I considered Christianity to be a static religion. I had not given thought to the notion that Christianity changed rapidly in the first few centuries of its practice. I noticed several critical changes in the practice of Christianity in the first century AD and its later practice. The first change was the idea of a Christ centered church with Jesus as the only leader. The second change was the idea of a church with multiple elders to focusing power on a single leader. The third change was the idea that church leadership should remain local to the shifting of power to leaders located away from the church's physical area. The fourth change was a…. [read more]

Nature of the Atonement Term Paper

… ¶ … atonement of Jesus Christ, and how it was achieved, what happened during atonement and how it ended. The paper shall also look upon whether human beings were saved by the atonement of Jesus Christ, the Son of God?

According to Christian faith and the Scriptures, the Son of God, or the Second person in the Holy Trinity, became man and came to the Earth to live among man. What was the purpose of this, and what did He hope to achieve by coming to live among mankind? This is what First Timothy has to say, that Jesus Christ came to the Earth again in order to 'live among sinners, and save them'. The question is this, how did Christ manage to accomplish the…. [read more]

Paradaise Lost, Satan's Argument Term Paper

… Satan's absolute confidence would surely give Eve conviction in the rightness of the action. As far as she knows, he has no personal interest in seeing her eat the fruit. Only our privileged knowledge of Satan's true identity and intentions prevents us as readers from being taken in by his rhetoric.

Satan's only method that he used in order to convince Eve to actually eat the forbidden fruit is simply based upon the gifts that God bestowed on Eve and the rest of mankind: free will. Satan gives many reasons for Eve to eat the fruit, to become a god, to be beautiful, to rise above Adam. All of these points in Satan's argument again demonstrate that he is using fallacies to convince her. While…. [read more]

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