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Aquinas Augustine Aquinas vs Term Paper

… Aquinas Augustine

Aquinas vs. Augustine on the Responsibilities of the State and the Responsibilities of the Ruler

The Hebrew Scriptures were produced from the traditions of the ancient Israeli people. These scriptures fused moral, along with political injunctions as to how the state should create a just as well as a holy society, and defined the responsibilities of the leaders in relation to the people, as well as defined the citizen's relationship to the state. Christianity, which derived from Judaism, was spawned during a different political and historical point in Israeli history. The relationship of the state to the citizens proved more evasive to the authors of these scriptures. The Christian scriptures focus on the duties of the individual, and less upon the relationship of…. [read more]

Augustine and Aquinas: The Influence of Platonic Essay

… ¶ … Augustine and Aquinas: The Influence of Platonic and Aristotelian Thought

According to St. Augustine, one of the greatest sins of his early life was his love of classical, pagan philosophy. Augustine traces his early sinfulness not simply to his crimes of fornication and stealing pears as a young boy, but also to his belief in the superiority of Latin classical rhetorical works over the Christian words of the Bible. However, he did acknowledge the pagan neo-Platonists who had influenced his thought. In fact, in his Confessions, Augustine writes that it was studying the neo-Platonists that enabled him to break away from the erroneous, heretical teachings of the erroneous, heretical teachings of the Manicheans. It was the neo-Platonists "that first made it possible for…. [read more]

Science vs. Philosophy: Return to Unity Term Paper

… Relationship/Science-Philosophy

The Relationship Between Science and Philosophy: Return to Unity is predicated on the concept that the dichotomy between the two disciplines was artificially created in order to achieve various desirable ends, and that this dichotomy now no longer serves mankind and is being replaced by a 'discipline' that not only brings science and philosophy into relationship, but virtually unifies them.

In order to support this assertion, an extensive literature review will be conducted, tracing both the separation and reunification of science and philosophy. In addition, new material will be sought from current thinkers in both nominal fields, science and philosophy. Perhaps the foremost thinker nominally from science working n the field is Britain's Stephen Hawking; while it will probably not be possible to obtain…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas Group an Office Essay

… -- Rhonda enjoys socializing with fellow employees at work, but their discussion usually consists of gossiping about other people, including several of her friends. At first Rhonda feels uncomfortable talking in this way about people she is close to, but then she decided it does no real harm and she feels no remorse for joining in.

In this case Rhonda's instinctual moral integrity initially sounds an internal alarm, signaling that this seemingly casual gossip is actually an insidious act of moral failing, but the pressure to conform and act along with the group drown out these warnings. Aquinas would likely deem Rhonda's idle gossip to be a sin of commission, because despite her impulse to avoid speaking ill of her friends and colleagues, she eventually…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas a Newspaper Columnist Signs Essay

… Ethical Dilemmas

A newspaper columnist signs a contract with a newspaper chain. Several months later she is offered a position with another newspaper chain at a higher salary. Because she would prefer making more money, she notifies the first chain that she is breaking her contract. The courts will decide the legality of her action. But what of the morality? Did the columnist behave ethically?

The columnist behaved in an ethical manner. She had the desire to make more money which her current position was not offering. The decision she made was based on what she wanted to achieve and this was a moral decision to her. Had she continued working for the first newspaper chain, she would not be happy and this would have…. [read more]

Philosophy Plato's Works on Euthyphro, Apology Essay

… Philosophy

Plato's Works on Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo

These four dialogues describe the discussion of Socrates during times of trial, imprisonment, and execution of Socrates. In the dialogues Euthyphro, approaches the court trying him of atheism, and corruption charges. Similar to how people question the relation of religion and social ethics. From this, Socrates challenges Euthyphro's argument that ethics be because of religion. Socrates presents his defense in the second dialogue the Apology. His defense outlines the reasons for devoting his life to challenge, and examine the influential and powerful people a process, which has result immense resentment, and his indictment. His argument in this dialogue is that instead of a trial he should receive a reward for serving his fellow citizens.

This makes…. [read more]

Philosophy in His Discourse Term Paper

… Aristotle, on the other hand, resorts to both reason and empiricism as his tools in explaining and describing God's existence. He agues that like St. Augustine's argument that God resides with humanity through free will and divine grace, God in Aristotle's view exists in Nature itself, which includes not only humans, but all living and non-living entities here on earth. The three religious philosophers, although they differ in explaining God's existence, had provided strong arguments in convincing people that indeed, God exists, whether it be through us, Nature, or simply because God exists in this world.

Under the Augustan Principate, Rome eventually emerged as the Great Empire all over the world. Rome's success as an empire was mainly due to Emperor Augustus' rehabilitation of Rome,…. [read more]

Miracles: When Faith Contradicts Reason Term Paper

… He further argues that faith never contradicts the first form of truth and hence no doctrine of faith is self-conflicting. However, it may be impossible for human reason to exhaustively comprehend, and explain it. Leibniz acknowledges that reason has three fundamental functions: to prove, respond to objections, and comprehend (Swindal). He is of the opinion that, of the three functions, the second is the most prominent, in the reason vs. faith debate.

Blaise Pascal

Blaise concentrated on the manner in which rational agents should act, amidst the raging controversy between faith, and reason. In his opinion, "since the negative consequences of believing are few (diminution of the passions, some pious actions), but the gain of believing is infinite (eternal life)" (Swindal), rationality would call for…. [read more]

Jesus' Christian Life, Prayer, and Teachings Dissertation

… Prayer brings redemption. Solomon averred that as soon as he asked for Wisdom, it was bestowed upon him. David, similarly, was given fortitude through the Spirit of God (Psalms 118, 131). Every martyr obtained strength to resist tyrants, and overcame dangers and death through prayer. The above are all examples of this "communication" with God in the true spirit of how Prayer was intended.

St. John Chrysostom weighs in again: "He who uses this great weapon knows not death, leaves the earth, enters heaven, and lives with God. He falls not into sin; he loses affection for the earth; he makes his abode in heaven; and begins, even in this life, to enjoy the conversation of God. How then can you disquiet…. [read more]

Glossolalia, or Speaking in Tongues Research Paper

… Glossolalia, or speaking in tongues, is a vocalizing (sometimes writing) of speech-like syllables as part of religious fervor or practice. It is controversial, even among the religious; some consider it to be meaningless ramble brought on by a euphoric state, and others part of a holy language. The word itself is a compound of a Greek verb (lalein, to talk, ), and a noun (glossa, tongue or language, ). It appears as a phenomenon in the New Testament; specifically in Acts 2:4 ("they began to speak with other tongues," and in Corinthians 12:8-11 and 12:28-30 where the word appears in conjunction with the Greek word charisma, suggesting that these were gifts given by God to people who had transcended and were able to mentally touch…. [read more]

Spirituality and Depression What Is Spirituality? Thesis

… Spirituality and Depression

What is Spirituality?

The absence of an adequate definition of spirituality is perhaps one reason why researchers have difficulty identifying the role of spirituality in the treatment of depression. What is spirituality? Every culture, every school of thought, even every individual can differ on this point. For the purposes of this paper, we will work with a variety of perspectives concerning "spirituality" -- but at the same time we may assert a kind of working definition that will help guide our review of the literature which follows. According to Bernard Fellay (2011), a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, spirituality may be defined as "a sense of God."

However, as the modern age is distinctly more secular with regard to science than…. [read more]

Sanctification Term Paper

… He can then produce the fruit of life of the Christian. Faith is not only the source of justification, but also sanctification. (Sullivan, Five Views on Sanctification: An In-Depth Analysis)

How does the process of achieving sanctification help in the life of a Christian? According to Hoekema, there are two benefits: the immediate and the ultimate goals through sanctification. The final benefit of sanctification is the glory of God. This is clear from what Paul has said in Ephesians 1:12 in the phrase "to the praise of his glory." The immediate benefit of sanctification is the achievement of perfection, and God has desired that every Christian be similar to Christ. Thus once we conform to the image of Christ, then the Christian is taking part…. [read more]

Is it Ethical to Raise Animals for Human Consumption? Thesis

… ¶ … ethical to raise animals for human consumption? That question can have many different answers, depending first upon one's concept of ethics and morality. Moreover, answers will depend upon in what period of history one has lived, where one lives, what culture a person is part of, and what food is available for consumption. In the interest of a thorough examination, this paper will approach the question from a purely ethical standpoint, and from the perspective of ethics and morals employed through the process of raising animals for human consumption. The second question to be addressed: When animals are indeed raised for human consumption, what ethical considerations should come into play?

Any discussion of ethics and morals with reference to the relationship between animals…. [read more]

Assisted Suicide: Sin Against Faith & Hope Term Paper

… This is a disingenuous conclusion for a chapter that purportedly set out to examine the ideas on both sides of the argument. Instead, it is a superficial conclusion that falls in line with the superficial overview of the discussion at the heart of the euthanasia issue: “the moral rightness of killing or letting die for the good of the patient” (Vaughn, 2012, p. 625). Vaughn (2012) never gives an answer one way or another.

My View

My view on this matter is that the most appropriate ethical approach to physician-assisted suicide can be found in natural law as described in Roman Catholicism. In this view, as Vaughn (2012) points out, natural law would forbid “active and passive euthanasia, though the condemnation comes with qualifications” (p.…. [read more]

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