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Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Peace Process Term Paper

… ¶ … Arab-Israeli Conflict. Specifically it will discuss diplomacy regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict during the period December 1968 - September 1973. The Arab-Israeli Conflict has been an ongoing dispute regarding the creation of the Israeli state after World War II in 1948, but it really began much before that occurrence. In reality, the Arab-Israeli Conflict began with an upsurge of Jewish immigrants to Palestine in the early 20th century, and there have been tensions betweens Arabs and Israelis in the region since then. There were many attempts at diplomacy in the years between the Six-Day War and the Yom Kippur War, but both sides had their own very strict agendas, and ultimately, even participation by the world's superpowers, Russia and the United States, could not…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict Tensions Between Israel and Palestinians Term Paper

… Arab-Israeli Conflict

Tensions between Israel and Palestinians have been of great concern to the rest of the world ever since they began, in 1947. In that year, Great Britain, who governed the area as a protectorate and with the approval of the United Nations (Bennis, 1997), partitioned the land so that both Palestinians and Israelis could live in what was then called Palestine. This action was taken as a response to the Holocaust of World War II. World powers felt that Jewish people needed a homeland, and some Jews had been quietly moving to Palestine for some years. These "Zionists" believed they had an historical claim to the land, but the Palestinians currently living there viewed it as theirs, and they had been there for…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict Research Proposal

… ¶ … establishment of the Israeli State and the long subsequent series Arab-Israeli wars over it has been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflict over six decades. The fundamental conflict between Israel and the Palestines displaced by the first offensive Arab attacks on the nascent Israeli state continues to fuel tensions throughout the entire region. Unlike many other conflicts that eventually reach a peaceful settlement, the intractable conflict over the Palestinian refugee issue has developed into a continuous cycle of violence that is not leading towards any agreement or peace. Complex issues of identities, fulfillment of basic needs, nationalism, religious zeal, and cultural differences have compounded the problem.

The various influences demand an objective analysis and a philosophical approach to laying groundwork for stability…. [read more]

Conflict Resolution in the Middle Term Paper

… The pro-Israel camp has its own lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. that strives hard to establish that the Arabs are wrong and they are right. The Israelis pose to be more outstanding in morality than the Arabs. Similarly the lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. existing in the side of pro-Arab camps strives hard to establish that the Israelis are wrong and they are right. They also announce in similar fashion that they are morally more upstanding in comparison to the Israelis. Both of the groups are accusing each other labeling allegation that the other is morally deficient, the other is not acting nicely and because of the other that they are not arriving…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict Research Paper

… Israeli & Palestinian

The Perpetual Battle between the Israeli's & Palestinians

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict has been ongoing for half a century. More recently in the news, the Palestinians are proposing that the United Nations recognize them as a state. Israeli's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu mentioned that if their request passed, it would not affect anything on the ground as far as the checkpoints and separation settlements. However, Israel is greatly concerned that if the Palestinians statehood bid is recognized, the probability of them joining international institutions such as the International Criminal Court could raise the threat war act charges against Israel. Furthermore, on September 23, 2011, Prime Minister Netanyahu spoke before the United Nations, stressing that negotiations are the only way possible to reach peace…. [read more]

Effects of Zionism on the Peace Process Between Israel and the Palestinians Term Paper

… ¶ … Zionism on the peace process between Israel and Palestinians brief history and forms of Zionism

Brief history of Jewish way to the own state

Creating an own state - Israel

The history of Israeli territory

Arab anti-Semitism and conflicts

When talking about such complicated and very uneasy question as Zionism is, we have to research the process during which it was formed and developed. Zionism is rather spread among Jews and has many followers among both Israelites and Jewish Diaspora because many "religious Jews today possess the sole remaining form of Jewish nationalism with any of the basic building blocks of a living idea:(Yoram Hazony, the Zionist Idea and Its Enemies).

Unfortunately practically all countries blame Jews for being Zionists as they find…. [read more]

Role of Religion in the Arab-Israeli Conflict Term Paper

… Religion/Israel

L. Jones

Role of Religion in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

After the end of the Second World War, one of the most important and pivotal events that would go on to affect the nature of the political world occurred with the creation of the Modern State of Israel. Beginning with the withdrawal of the British from what was officially "Palestine" in 1948, and paved upon the legacy of the 1917 Balfour Declaration promising "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people (Avalon, 2003)," the territory was thrown into a massive conflict between religious, ethnic, and national groups that has yet to end.

Although there are significant political, cultural, historical and geographical aspects of the dispute over the "Holy Land," there is…. [read more]

Post WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … conflicts between Arabs and the Israelis in the Middle East. Specifically, it will discuss the conflicts in the Middle East, and answer some questions about my vision of forging a lasting peace in the area. The Arab-Israeli conflicts began almost as soon as the Israelis settled in the new nation of Israel after World War II, and they have continued throughout modern-day history. These conflicts are harmful, debilitating, and do nothing to promote a lasting understanding and peace between nations and people. It is a difficult situation, and even some of the strongest world leaders have not been able to find a lasting solution. Perhaps there are so many differences between these two groups that a lasting and viable peace is simply not…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli War 1948 Thesis

… ¶ … Arab-Israeli War 1948

The war of 1948 is also called The War of Independence Arabs. The war began about December 1, 1947. This war is divided into the pre-independence period and the post-independence period. The pre-Independence period began shortly after the passage of UN General Assembly Resolution 181 which was supposed to partition Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab State, and an international area including Jerusalem and a large area around it. The Jews were to get about 55% of the country. The plan was fragile, but it could perhaps have worked had the sides wanted it to work (Israel War of Independence, 2008).

But the Arabs rejected partition and called for a war to rid Palestine of the Jews. The…. [read more]

Arab League and the War Research Paper

… The United States' promotion of democracy in the Arab region did not have much credibility with these governments. They were aware of American support of Arab autocrats, like Saddam Hussein up to 1991, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and the royal Saudi family. One inconsistency had to do with the Palestinian Authority's proposal for new elections for its parliament and president for which American assistance was sought. The United States was unusually reluctant in supporting the proposal, considering its urge for elected governments and the need for Palestinian reform as necessary for the peace process (Gwertzman).

National Reconciliation Conference

After a five-day visit to Iraq, Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa claimed that he had succeeded in convincing the Kurds and Shi'ite and Sunni Arabs to convene…. [read more]

Rubber Bullets: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Term Paper

… Specifically, he asserts that the switch from traditional ammunition to rubber bullets represented a kind of self-regulation or policing, perhaps -- a self-imposed limitation in response to Israel's moral obligations as a democracy.

Of course, many in the Middle East in general, and the Palestinian Territories, in specific might take issue with the assessment of the humane nature of the switch to rubber bullets (after all, as many Palestinians can attest, rubber bullets were simply used in conjunction with live ammunition, and were still capable of serious permanent injury, or even death), and assert that his view of the, perhaps, moderating Israeli Army and national consciousness is extremely simplistic. Further, even Israeli's themselves might take issue with his entire Israeli consciousness argument (after all, Israeli…. [read more]

Political Boundaries and Conflicts Research Paper

… Political Boundaries and Conflicts

Boundaries refer to physical or psychologically established separations, which mark the ends of agreeable operations and internalities within two or more nations. Every country in the world has its own boundary in the partition, which marks the geological exemplification from one country to another. For instance, the United States of America has boundaries, which separate it from its neighboring countries like Mexico. Germany is a nation with boundaries and shows the end of its geographical dominance with its neighboring countries. Any nation has boundaries and possible most of which are politically instilled. For instance, rivaling political parties exhibit political boundaries, which denote the depth of their political dominance in the region. Still between two or more countries, political boundaries are bound…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]

Israeli Settlement Policies Research Paper

… Israeli Settlement Policies

There are Israeli settlements in the West Bank, Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. These highly contested Jewish communities range in size from small villages to now recognized cities. To better understand this situation, this paper will overview the background on Israelis settlements. The legality of settlements, in regards to International Law, will also be discussed. UN resolutions regarding the settlements will be reviewed. This will be followed by a discussion of the impact of settlements on Palestinians in the West Bank. The preferential treatment the settlements receive, compared to the original cities, will be presented. Lastly, how settlemenst should be addressed in the future will be overviewed.

Israeli Settlements Background:

Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank have existed for…. [read more]

Peace Agreements and International Term Paper

… Such resources not only provide armies with a means for continued fighting, they also become the reward against which they weigh the benefits of peace.

A key difference between Mozambique and Angola is that, in the latter country, UNITA's access to diamonds emboldened their spoiler behavior, whereas RENAMO's lack of access to such resources effectively limited the benefits of returning to war.

Civil wars rarely take place in otherwise stable regions. As Peter Wallensteen and Margareta Sollenberg observe, many civil wars today intersect with regional conflicts and interstate competition.

From this it would follow that the attitude of the surrounding states towards a peace agreement in a neighbor's civil war plays a key role in supporting or undermining the prospects of peace. Spoilers to a…. [read more]

Israel 1948 A2 Coursework

… ¶ … Israel 1948 was one of the key turning points in the political development of the contemporary Middle East. From 1948 on, Israel was an independent state ruled by their own government which brought Israeli organizations together under one rule, liberated from foreign influence. After the creation of the State of Israel, frequent wars in opposition to its existence broke out due to the tremendous antagonism felt towards a Zionist state (e.g. The Arab-Israeli war 1948, the 1956 Suez War, 1967 Six Day War, 1967-1970 War of Attrition and Yom Kippur 1973). It was wars such as these that forced Israel to bolster its own military defense, increase diplomatic ties with the West, and attempt to become a self-sufficient "island" surrounded by enemies. Israel,…. [read more]

Oslo Accords Jonathan Zaun Political A2 Coursework

… Extremists and radicals rallied their supporters to arms and the Second Intifada, otherwise known as the Al-Aqsa Intifada, was launched in earnest. This uprising of Palestinian youth and radical Islamists was fueled by a growing distrust of the Israeli government, a distrust which crystallized into violent rebellion following Sharon's controversial pilgrimage. Sharon is widely considered to be "the most reviled man in the Arab world," mainly because "his name is indelibly linked to the massacre of the Palestinian refugees in the camps of Sabra and Shatila following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982" (Shlaim 29), and his dubious decision to visit a Muslim holy shrine incited a wave of violence which continues to this day. To date, an estimated 6,500 Palestinians and 1,100 Israelis…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East Under Obama Research Proposal

… Israelis and Palestinians do not have to keep fighting and killing each other forever. But it sometimes seems that they do. While there are places in the world in which the possible of a functional polity are far more distant (such as Somalia), it is fundamentally difficult to imagine a world in which Palestinians, Arabs, and Israelis beat their swords into plowshares. And of all the places in the world where the soil is constantly drenched in blood, what is referred to -- for historical reasons, one assumes, rather than ironic ones, as the Holy Land -- is the place where the United States has the most at stake in both strategic terms and in terms of American standing in the world.

Except -- of…. [read more]

Conflict Resolution Theories Term Paper

… If we consider the view point of Israelis, they claim to have ownership of Jerusalem which is their prime religious hub and was acquired from them forcefully in 15th century. Now Israelis have believed Jerusalem to be rightfully theirs because of historical background, and the frustration caused by this deprivation act as the source of motivation for them for their current course of actions which involves military activities ranging from normal military operations to guerilla wars and attacks on civilians. Under the action of the relative deprivation perspective, Israel further attacked the then Palestine in 1965 and acquired the area provided to Palestinians by UN.

On the other hand, if we consider the ideology followed by Palestinians and other Arab groups supporting them, they believe…. [read more]

Are Indian-Israeli Relations Useful for India's National Interests? Thesis

… ¶ … Indian-Israeli Relations Valuable to India's National Interests?

Today, India stands at an important juncture in its historical development. Following its independence from Britain in 1948, the years that followed have been turbulent ones for India, with a relentless series of political, military and economic challenges confronting the country time and again. Despite these challenges, India has emerged in the 21st center as an increasingly important actor within the international community and has enjoyed steady economic growth for the past two decades. Notwithstanding its enormous geographic size and population, though, India continues to perceive a number of external threats, most especially with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue and relations with much of the Arab world that have often been ambivalent or even hostile. In…. [read more]

Israel Defense Tech Israeli Defense Technology: Success Thesis

… Israel Defense Tech

Israeli Defense Technology: Success Against All Odds

When the full extent of the horrors of the Holocaust had become apparent to the global public, the movement for Israeli independence took center-stage. Upon the world's revelation that more than 6 million Jews had been sent to the gas chambers, the campaign to make Israel the Jewish national homeland earned the full sympathy and support of the United Nations, the United States and Great Britain. In 1948, Israel declared itself independent with the backing of the world community and, conversely, the outright condemnation of the Arab nations which surrounded it. Upon its independence, Israel was promptly invaded by its neighbors. Led by its first prime minister, David Ben Gurion, Israel emerged victorious against its…. [read more]

1973 Yom Kippur War Thesis

… Yom Kippur war can be said to have rooted in the death of Nasser in September 1970 which had taken the Middle East by surprise. Equally surprising was the war itself which had come as a complete shock to Israelic intelligence agencies who had succumbed to a general concept that although there "was a possibility that Egypt and Syria would start a war against us [they would] not start a war as long as counterweight to our military advantage" did not exist. Israel's military and political leaders "accepted the concept that the chance of war in October 1973 was low." Anwar Sadat who succeeded Nasser as Egyptian leader was at first not as strong a figure as his predecessor. But his strong personality emerged later…. [read more]

Palestine How Would You Feel Term Paper

… However, when they felt that Palestine was not taking this seriously, they reversed their steps which paved way for yet another failed effort (Erin, 143)

The Road Map for Peace was an agreement designed by America, EU, UN and Russia. All the countries agreed for the formation of an independent state of Palestine. It was the first one in which the country would get the status of being a separate state. The planned objectives were for both countries to end violence and live in harmony with each other. Failure of the plan was due to in cooperation from both sides. Out of all the peace accords ever proposed, the road map to peace b [picked up some pace after the death of Yasser Arafat. The…. [read more]

Oslo Peace Accords Thesis

… Oslo Peace Accords Impact on Middle East Negotiations

Today, the State of Israel continues to be faced with some fundamental challenges and obstacles to its goals of resolving the longstanding conflict between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and neighboring Middle Eastern countries in the region. In spite of the Oslo Peace Accords of 1993, these constraints to progress continue to characterize the negotiation process between Israel and their Middle East neighbors in general and the Palestinians in particular, and it would seem neither side is willing to comprise to the extent that is needed to achieve a lasting peace. To determine what these obstacles and challenges to peace are today, this paper provides a description and analysis of the Oslo Peace Accords of 1993 and the…. [read more]

David Ben-Gurion's Changing Views Towards Arab Nationalism Between 1918 and 1948 Essay

… ¶ … Nuanced Face of Zionism

It is hard to think of the words "Middle East" and "nuance" as having anything to do with each other -- much less to conceive of a nuanced position between Zionism and Arab nationalism. But there have been times in the decades since the founding of the state of Israel that political leaders have tried to craft positions that acknowledged the complexity of the competing claims of Jews and Palestinians. David Ben-Gurion was one of these leaders whose views on Arab nationalism reflect a sophisticated understanding of the ways in which different narratives about geography must each be heard, if not given perfectly equal weight.

Ben-Gurion's ideas about Arab nationalism and the appropriate relationship between Jews and Arabs developed…. [read more]

Lebanon How it Originated Conflicts Civil War Term Paper

… Lebanon, How it Originated, Conflicts, Civil War

The conflict between the Arabian world and Israel began after World War II.

Grand Britain had domination over the Middle East zone. Together with the Jews the British government conceived, under economical and political interests, the creation of a Jewish state. In 1948 the Jews were granted a territory inside an Arabian region, dividing Palestine to build Israel. To this decision many Arabian countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan protested keenly.

The state of Israel was born without clearly stated borders, with all the privileges and a very determined military expansion. A year later 700,000 Palestinians had ran away from the country or had been exiled. They took refuge in provisory camps, established by the…. [read more]

Anti-Arab Racism Research Proposal

… Anti-Arab Racism

The objective of this work is to conduct a review of literature addressing the question of whether post-9/11 has been a significant factor in promoting popular consent for the erosion of civil liberties for all Americans? Has islamophoibia provoked people to give up their civil liberties through the reinvigoration of Anti-Arab racism?

The work of Rami El-Amine (2006) entitled: "Anti-Arab Racism, Islamophobia, and the Anti-War Movement" states that racism against Muslims and Arabs was around long before the terrorist attacks of 9-11 and that much of this racism has its basis in "Western Imperialism in the Middle East, especially Israel's colonization of Palestine." El-amine reports that the ABC-Washington Post poll of March 2006 states findings that it is the belief of people in…. [read more]

Israeli Occupation of the Gaza Term Paper

… It is therefore evident that U.S. financial aid actually becomes a source for other countries to commit violence, injustice, and atrocities against other countries or societies.

It is also worth noting that Petter's article was a personal narration of her condition and the political debacle she had to go through in order to justify the protest she had joined at Israel. Speaking for other people's protests against Israel's commitment of injustice against Palestine, she asserted, "[f]or daring to witness and report the brutal effects the wall is taking on the Palestinian population, I have been deemed a "security threat" by the State of Israel ... " Her narrative remained an open-ended report on the continuing conflict between Israel and Palestine supporters.

The personal tone that…. [read more]

Future Wars of the Middle East Will Result Over Water Shortages Term Paper

… Water in the Middle East

Governments around the world have a primary concern over water availability and the Middle East and North Africa are no exception. The thesis evaluates the possibility of future wars throughout the Middle East and North Africa due to water scarcity and limited water resources presently being experienced in that region.

The paper starts by revealing the gravity of the situation by showing the present statistics surrounding the problem of water scarcity throughout the world. Thereafter, the paper highlights the importance of water in the national economy. From then on, the paper briefly discusses the present situation of water scarcity in the Middle East by noting down the present available resources of water in the Middle East. Lastly, the paper briefly…. [read more]

Egypt's Foreign Relations With the United States and the Arab Term Paper

… ¶ … Egypt/U.S. Relationship in a new Arab World

The world has historically had many hotspots. One, for instance, was the area surrounding Austria Hungary, which later morphed into the area surrounding Germany. Countless wars were fought in those regions, with tens of millions dead, and families constantly uprooted and moved to different locations from "homes" that were no longer friendly to them.

One hotspot that has stayed violent for much of recorded history is the middle east. Today, of course, is no exception. That is why it is ever so important to understand the role of every key player in the current crisis. One such key player has been a traditional Arab world leader, Egypt. Beginning with the peace treaty in 1979, let us…. [read more]

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