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Aristotelian Approach to Drama Research Proposal

… Aristotelian Drama

The Aristotelian Approach to Drama: From a Rejection of Plato to the Establishment of Plot in Poetics

Aristotle's Poetics, while not regarded as the most philosophically important or even logically sound of Aristotle's works by many modern scholars, has nonetheless been hugely instrumental in the development of Western literature, and particularly Western drama. It is in this text that the basic concepts of plot, character, and even the relationship of performers to the audience were all established and codified, and truly little has changed in regards to these concepts in the two millennia or so that have passed since Poetics was first produced. Most drama, and indeed most literature, has continued to define itself and its standards through the lens provided by Aristotle's…. [read more]


Contrasting Views of Classical Athens Pericles and Plato Term Paper

… Greek History

The Pericles is associated with the family which participated actively in the Athenian politics, and is the descendant of the family which 'held high command in the Greek squadron which annihilated the remnants of Xerxes' fleet at Mycale' (Debra, 2002). The Pericles was enriched with knowledge and wisdom, and 'his early training was committed to the ablest and most advanced teachers of that era' (John, 2002), and was able to achieve expertise in music, and powers of dialectic. The personality of the Pericles was the reflection of the 'calm and undaunted attitude of mind' which he actively practiced in the midst of the trails and tribulation. The Pericles adopted tough stand against prejudice and corruption, and tried to ensure that every authority underwent…. [read more]


Approaches to Opera 1590-1650 Term Paper

… Music

Battle of Styles: The Story of Opera 1590-1650

The Renaissance represented a flowering of Western European Civilization in all its aspects. As the name suggests, it was a "renascence," or "rebirth" of high culture that took hold of much of Western Europe at the close of the Middle Ages. Philosophers, painters, sculptors, architects - and yes composers and musicians, too - set themselves to the task of reviving the lost glories of Ancient Greece and Rome. Taking their cues from the still-standing and recently unearthed relics of the Classical world, they attempted to reconstruct their own modern-day surroundings along Antique lines. What they could not learn about the past through direct observation i.e. from statues and buildings and the like, they attempted to piece…. [read more]


Shakespeare's Othello Essay

… The story of Othello may have happened as history, i.e. As direct retelling of tale and event. Dramatized, however, in a visual way where we see the events unfolding, the story -- as Aristotle pointed out -- has a greater impact on us, since it moves us, makes us relive the tale, and the fear and pity that we feel for the man evokes in us a catharsis of escaped emotion.

Sometimes, explains Aristotle, the hero is unaware for the calamity until the very end. This is what happened to Oedipus, and this is what occurs in Othello too. Only with Emilia's revelation of the handkerchief is Othello aware of his grotesque error and then he injures his enemy and kills himself. The tragedy is…. [read more]


Othello as Tragic Hero Research Paper

… Othello is rife with oppositions that the titular character must deal with every day. While Othello attempts to overcome obstacles of racial discrimination, he remains a target due to his Moorish background. Additionally, despite his many heroic feats, it is unlikely that Othello will ever be considered to be equal to others that have achieved the same triumph feats. There are many things working against Othello throughout the play that it is difficult to see how he could ever pull ahead, especially with Iago poisoning his mind. As such, the tragic traits of the play infiltrate every aspect of it and are not limited to the characters, but also to society and social constructs.

Works Cited

"Aristotle." Virginia Community College System. Web. 4 July 2012.…. [read more]


Middle Ages, Scholastic Thinking Term Paper

… Other cities that valued scientific inquiry, such as Paris, realized that if they stifled such inquiry that they would face a 'brain drain,' and so instead they embraced new scientific ideas. The Jesuits, often associated with horrible purges of Protestants in areas such as modern-day Slovakia, became some of the strongest advocates of scientific research.

During the Scientific Revolution, the mechanics of logic became more intuitive and Aristotelian methodologies of analysis were modified or abandoned.

Aristotle saw causation in reverse from the way we see it today; for instance, the 'final cause' was the aim or goal of something. Thus, it was common to see the purpose of grain as being human nourishment. Nature was seen as a system of 'goals' rather than being derived…. [read more]


Green). The Science - Literature Review Essay

… ¶ … Green).

The Science - Literature Review is right after the uncompleted essay

Ironically, it was during the early Middle Ages -- when scientific knowledge was in retreat -- that science initiated a break with philosophy and became its own master (Saliba 32). The Byzantine Empire kept alive the discoveries of Greece and Rome, especially in the areas of science, mathematics, and medicine. They preserved the writings of Galen, Ptolemy, and Aristotle, and religious scholars like Aquinas and Buridan added extensive commentaries. While these were religious men, they were also dedicated to the spirit of early scientific inquiry. Byzantine scholars pursued advances in mathematical knowledge by interacting with Greek and Arabic sources. There was a similar cross-pollination between Europe and the Near East in…. [read more]


Antigone: A Kaleidoscopic Woman of Different Hues Term Paper

… Antigone: A Kaleidoscopic Woman of Different Hues

Classical Greek literature succeeds in capturing the imagination primarily because the works contain universally valid and insightful interpretations of the human personality. This characteristic of Greek literature has even led psychoanalysts such as George Devereux to relate the structure of Greek tragedy to the structure of the human mind and personality (Hook, 2001). Interestingly, Devereux's view finds a correlation in Aristotle's definition of a tragedy as requiring, among other things, hamartia or a flaw in an otherwise admirable character (Lines, 1999). The correlation between Devereux and Aristotle's viewpoint can be made because both appear to be tacitly acknowledging that the construct of the human persona allows for both strength and weakness, vice and virtue to coexist simultaneously. Indeed,…. [read more]


Othello as Tragic Hero Research Paper

… Because of Othello's insistence on siding with Iago and by giving in to his accusations, Desdemona is left without marital or moral support from her husband and ultimately contributes to her own death, finally admitting that she was the only person that was to blame for her untimely death (Shakespeare, 1603, 5.3.3453).

Unlike classical Greek tragedies in which supernatural forces have a hand in the destiny of the tragic hero, Othello and those around him "bring about their own destruction, though aided and abetted by external circumstances -- if a wife and friend can be called external" (Boas, 1955, p. 17). The external circumstances in Othello, the Moor of Venice include Iago's maniacal manipulations, which cause Othello to distrust and eventually murder Desdemona. Othello recognizes…. [read more]


Aristotle's View on Tragedy Thesis

… ¶ … Tragedy, with an Emphasis on Oedipus Rex

Tragedy, by definition, indicates suffering of some kind. On the surface, we will regard tragedy as negative, citing that someone, somewhere suffers because of it. In the field of drama, tragedy imitates life and, consequently, suffering. Sometimes there are no "happy endings" because life rarely ends that way. In short, suffering happens because life happens. However, this suffering does not render tragedy meaningless or without purpose in the grand scheme of things. In fact, when approached with the proper attitude, tragedy is a valuable commodity because it helps people learn to cope with tragedy in their own lives. In the best of worlds, it helps people avoid tragedy. We need only look to Sophocles' play, Oedipus…. [read more]


Delicious Evil in Titus Andronicus Essay

… Titus

Delicious Evil in Titus Andronicus

Titus Andronicus is without question the bloodiest and most horror-filled play in the Shakespearean canon. The viciousness of the events and characters in the play is matched by a baseness and relative lack of poetry in the language that is noticeable even to a novice reader of Shakespeare; there is simply less flowery detail and Elizabethan rhetorical structure (read: long, convoluted sentences that come to a point brilliantly but only at length) in the text of this play than in his other works that are typically encountered -- and according to some, less than in any of his other plays, period (Riverside). For these reasons, as well as some other basic issues of character motivation and the rudimentary nature…. [read more]


Oedipus Exemplifies or Refutes Aristotle Research Paper

… Oedipus's downfall has been instigated by his own ambition, presumption and pride, and he was a person who via his innocent was put into his present status that changed his life and that of his relations forever. His fate influences the emotions' of the audience. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero is an individual who is not superior in justice and virtue, experiences transition to misfortune not because of wickedness and vice, but because of some mistakes (Bloom 19). Just like a tragic hero, Oedipus had good fortune and great reputation, and he acted in a manner that was suitable for the circumstances and situation. However, a general misconception of the personality of a tragic hero depicted through Aristotle's definition focus on the misunderstanding of…. [read more]


Barstow, Marjorie. "Oedipus Rex Term Paper

… The human need for poetry, (set forth by Aristotle in the Poetics) as Halliwell states, appears to be regarded by many Aristotelian scholars "as marginal or digressive" -- but Halliwell suggests that it is an important part of the overall explanation for the importance of drama: "In Poetics 4…Aristotle identifies two features of human nature which explain the existence of poetry" (Halliwell "Pleasure, Understanding, and Emotion" 241). First, there is a natural instinct in human nature towards mimesis; second, there is a definite pleasure derived from mimetic objects.

Halliwell contends that these two points show how fundamental it is for human nature to crave stories (which are representations of actions -- which is what the Poetics asserts is the most important element of poetry: plot).…. [read more]


Language and What it Does Words and Time Essay

… Language and What it Does

Where are all the humbling, memorable, well-crafted stories about believable characters fighting for hope and survival in our climate-changing, globalized and fragile world? What's happened to the screenwriters who once upon a time craftily juxtaposed compelling characters with down-to-earth and/or tragic Earthly events? Is it now considered passe to employ character-powered narrative that helps the underdog overcome conniving, selfish culprits and extraordinarily complex situations in lusty scenes from today's changing world? When it comes to embracing 2012-style pragmatism -- which could and should branch out to naturalism and realism -- has quality storytelling disappeared forever from the entertainment genre called film?

Tired Predictable Plots Cry Out for Quality Narrative

When shelling out good money to be informed and/or stimulated in…. [read more]


Aristotle's Ethics Essay

… Aristotle and Relationships at Work

Work in the 21st Century

For centuries, work defined what it meant to be human. We see this again and again, even in television and motion pictures. The hit cable show Mad Men, for instance, is set in a 1960s advertising agency in which the employees can never find enough work -- or relationship drama at work. However, work in the 21st century is quite different than ever before. Employees and employers all have different expectations, the global economy requires different skills, and technology has moved at such a rapid pace that just keeping up with basic communication is a challenge. Many of the changes in this new workplace revolve around the concept of relationship. Relationships with family, self, colleagues,…. [read more]


Shape of Things: Theatrical Convention Term Paper

… Unable to secure financial security on her own and living with a negative reputation, she finally determines to reach out to others because of her desperation. She has come to a point in her life where the chance to do right by her children means more to her than her own self-esteem or self-worth. Ultimately, this desperation is unrewarded and she winds up murdering her eldest child for calling her a slut. By identifying her as the negative stereotype of the outside world, the child clearly aligns himself as an enemy to Hester's self-esteem and therefore he must be destroyed. She winds up in prison and now the other four children are all alone and have no one to support them. Again, there is no…. [read more]


Niccolo Machiavelli Was a Sixteenth Century Political Essay

… Niccolo Machiavelli was a sixteenth century political philosopher based in Italy, best known for his work "The Prince" ("Il Principe"). Machiavelli is considered even today as one of the most remarkable as well as controversial political power analyzers of medieval times. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in an old and influential but impoverished Tuscan family in Florence, Italy, on 3rd May, 1469. His forefathers hailed from Montespertoli, a small community which was located some distance away from Florence between the Val di Pesa and the Val da Elsa. Machiavelli's father, Bernardo, was a lawyer, and most probably an illegitimate child. This disqualified Machiavelli from being selected as a candidate for electoral politics but did not prevent him from joining public service. Machiavelli's father possessed a personal…. [read more]


Aestheticism Artistic Appreciation and Taste in James Spoils of Poynton Term Paper

… James Spoils

People, Things, and Ethics: Perspectives on Collection and Control in Henry James' the Spoils of Poynton

Though not long in words or plot complexity, Henry James' novel the Spoils of Poynton addresses far-reaching and intricately interwoven issues of perception and the human drive to manipulate. The relationship between ethics and aesthetics becomes so pronounced and yet so muddied -- the line between these two vast bodies of human thought blurring all but entirely at times -- that something as straightforward if inexplicable as artistic appreciation and matters of taste becomes as fraught as any life-and-death problem. Mrs. Gereth, her son Owen, his fiancee and eventual wife Mona Brigstock, and the fetching yet distant Fleda Vetch are the primary figures of the novel's drama,…. [read more]


Jesus to Luther a Review Essay

… Jesus Christ tells us He is God in Scripture. In the Gospel of John alone there are several references to the divinity of Christ: "I am the light of the world" (John 8:12); "Truly I say to you, before Abraham was I am" (John 8:59); "The Father and I are one" (John 10:38); "My Lord and my God!" (John 20:28). Scripture does not hide the fact that Jesus has authority. But an interesting corollary to Christ's authority is here: what authority does Scripture have over us?

I can definitely see this course having an impact on my ministry. I can now visualize my ministry as being an extension of all the missions that came before me. I see the struggle I must take on to…. [read more]

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