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Art Therapy and PTSD Research Proposal

… Art Therapy and PTSD

Art Therapy Utilized in Cases of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Art has always played a major role in human life and development. Some of our knowledge of our earliest ancestors comes from the drawings and sculptures they left behind. Art is an essential part of what it is to be human, and can be utilized for a variety of purposes including communication, expression, and even therapy. Art therapy is known to have beneficial results for individuals suffering with a variety of cognitive disorders, such as that of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an anxiety disorder which plagues patients after the event or multiple events of trauma which instill painful memories and later manifests itself as a wide variety…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD in Children Research Proposal

… Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children

In contemporary United States (U.S.) culture, according to C. Cook-Cottone (2004), in "Childhood Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment, and School Reintegration," memories of childhood frequently include exposure to trauma. As a result of "sexual abuse, physical abuse, natural disaster, urban violence, school violence, and terrorism," (Cook-Cottone Abstract section, ¶ 1), significant numbers of children in the U.S. suffer posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology.

The Challenges PTSD Presents

The first challenge for helping children cope with PTSD, according to Cook-Cottone (2004), is to identify children who may be experiencing PTSD symptomatology. For this initial stage in beginning to help these children, school psychologists prove vital. "The school psychologist can facilitate therapeutic and supportive conditions in the school setting through use…. [read more]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments

PTSD - Dynamics & Treatments

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is often looked upon as a problem that exclusively effects soldiers returning from combat zones. This is most certainly a mischaracterization of the issue, because PTSD is not at all limited to the trauma experienced in battles. Indeed, PTSD can occur due to spousal emotional abuse, due to the witnessing a horrific incident like the terrorists attacks in New York City, among many other traumatic events. But moreover, what is of concern in this research is the correct identification of PTSD (which often goes misdiagnosed) and also the treatment of PTSD.

An article in Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal (Hoffman, 2002) points out that it is "...incredibly important" for…. [read more]

Use of Music Therapy Seminar Paper

… ¶ … Blues through History of Slavery and the Clinical Applications of Blues Form in today's therapy

History of American Slavery -- Brief Overview

In the year 1619, first African slaves were transferred to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia. They were brought here to help in the production of crops like tobacco, which were considered to be lucrative. This even marked the beginning of slavery in America, which turned out to be the biggest curse for the country. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, slavery was a common practiced all over the American colonies. Slaves, who were of African-American origin, played a great role in the development of the economic foundations of the new country. In the year 1793, the cotton gin was…. [read more]

Psychological Trauma Essay

… The world seems surprised at such unexpected behavior when in actuality; it was an individual who was ill-suited to repress a traumatic event from his past. As such, I partially agree with Slater's argument. In many respects the individual must first identify is they are able to repress their emotions while doing no harm to themselves of society. Otherwise, it would be best to simply vent through conversation to avoid harm to all stakeholder groups.

Is Slater's view of repression consistent with that of Freud's? If not, how does it differ?

Slater's view is somewhat different then that of Freud's. For instance, Freud believed that the mind automatically banishes traumatic events from memory to prevent the accompanying anxiety. Slater however believes individuals make a conscious…. [read more]

Person-Centered Therapy I Would Imagine Research Paper

… This is why I describe W.M.'s humor as a trap for the therapist: How should the therapist, or co-therapist, respond?

I actually think a co-therapist would be useful in a case like W.M., if one therapist is willing to have a better sense of humor -- and present empathy in part by gratifying the client with the reaction that he wants to a dark joke about his past (which is laughter) -- and the other therapist is willing to present a more gentle, but non-judgmental, empathetic response. But it seems like W.M.'s humor may be a tactic for keeping therapy at bay -- it is interesting to note that, in Karen's account, it seems like his acting-out behavior has declined at the same time that…. [read more]

Employment Letter Creative Arts Therapist Essay

… When working with patients who are physically capable, I will also utilize dance, as the unrestricted physical movement is incredibly stimulating for the patient. I am not judgmental and view myself as a guide rather than an instructor; I understand the importance of being a sensitive therapist when dealing with veterans, and will work with them rather than in a more prescriptive role.

The role of movement is integral in creative arts therapy. Accordingly, I have experience as a physical trainer and a physical therapist, and my role as a creative arts therapist takes a creative approach to implementing scientific physical therapy procedures. Often with veterans, physical wounds can lead to mental anguish or feelings of depression, as the physical restriction that the wounded veteran…. [read more]

Electromagnetic Therapy a Review Research Paper

… However, despite the alleged benefits for patients suffering many of the illnesses of old age, the FDA policy has been cautious. "In concert with this policy, the Center for Medicare Services (CMS) for a period of time refused to allow reimbursement even for modalities cleared by the FDA. It took several years of court fighting until CMS reversed its position" (Marko 2007: 466). Another, countervailing opinion regarding the safety of the procedure relates to the fact that the population is already over-exposed to electrical stimulus. "Increased use and human exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) from electrical appliances, power lines, wireless communications, cell phones, radio and microwave technologies continue to concern the public about potential health risks…. Some epidemiological studies suggested increased risk of initiation of…. [read more]

Pharmacological Treatment Multiple Personality Essay

… Group therapy helps them to validate their feelings. As a consequence, there is an increase and improvement in their interpersonal and communal competency. Group therapy is especially helpful for patients who were being sexually abused so that they may heal themselves through learning and cognitive training. Cognitive restructuring helps patients to lessen their propensity to dissociation. Moreover, Psychodynamic psychotherapy is another treatment approach that is used for gaining insight into the gist of the symptoms associated with dissociation. It is useful for helping patients to feel less conscientious and guilty for the suffering (Kreidler, Zupancic, Bell, & Longo, 2000).

People with dissociative disorders are traumatized by the past incidents. This is the reason why they come to therapy hurt and terrified. They are sure of…. [read more]

Cave Paintings Complementary and Alternative Thesis

… Treatment of PTSD is similar to that of acute stress. CAM techniques can help reduce the level of anxiety and its accompanying symptoms, regardless of whether it is PTSD or acute. CAM therapies are more effective on long-term stress than on rapid onset, short-term stressful conditions. CAM techniques are more effective on milder forms of stress, but in a reduction in the level of stress, regardless of the place in the CISM planned, CAM techniques will help to improve outcomes for patients. In a reduction in stress is helpful.

Who Will Receive CAM Interventions?

As mentioned earlier, CAM techniques are were accepted in culturally diverse groups of people. However, integrated therapies using CAM as edge and therapies are quickly becoming more acceptable to a wider…. [read more]

Therapy the Written Record Term Paper

… Because they are in written form, messages in letter form are communicated at the time of the writer's readiness to send them. There is so much meaning, so much joy one can bring by writing healthy words to others. There are 1,440 minutes each day to use for the purpose. It takes only a few pointers to make that difference.

One can prepare for the task of spreading joy by writing encouraging letters or notes (Martin 1995). Sending stamped pre-addressed postcards or stationery in one's notebook, pocket or purse, writing and transmitting hearty messages to a spouse or friend while caught and waiting in a traffic, lining up in the bank, driving through a restaurant, while waiting for one's turn in a doctor's or dentist…. [read more]

Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse Research Proposal

… Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse

The fact of childhood sexual abuse has become a central area of concern in countries throughout the world and has been described by experts as a "...major public health problem affecting thousands of children and adolescents in the United States each year" (Johnson, 2008). The trauma of childhood abuse of this nature is in itself horrific and innately damaging to the individual. However, the consequence of this abuse, especially if protracted over a long period of time, can have very serious and long-term psychological ramifications. What has become a focus of research on this issue is the question of the sequelae of childhood sexual abuse. This refers especially to the mental and psychological results and consequences of the trauma…. [read more]

Autonomy and Abuse and How it Affects the Hippocampus Term Paper

… Autonomy, Abuse and the Hippocampus

The formation of emotion, motivation and long-term memory happens in the limbic system and performed primarily by the hippocampus. At age 6 or 7, memories consolidate and beyond this time, new memories are usually not processed. If a person was abused or neglected as a child, painful or unbearable memory is preserved for a life time. During periods of severe stress, neurochemicals rise to high levels to deflect the impact of painful experience. Damage to the hippocampus can be so great as to inhibit recall, making a healthy, normal life of open communication extremely difficult or impossible. Studies consistently showed that a damaged or severely stressed hippocampus is smaller in people severely abused as children than in those who did…. [read more]

Immigrant Experience and Its Psychological Term Paper

… This trend in immigration has and will continue to have a significant impact on all U.S. institutions, from schools to the labor force, to media and politics, to health care.

Dissertation 1

Feldman, E. (2007). Implementation of the Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools with Spanish-Speaking, Immigrant Middle-School Students. (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database.

This dissertation is significant as it explores one possible treatment option for immigrant children dealing with the impact of violence in their communities. The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) is a community and individual program intended to lower the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and behavioral problems; strengthen peer and parental support and improve student coping skills when confronted with traumatic…. [read more]

Catch-22 by Joseph Heller Term Paper

… The historical parallels of these circular themes distinctly remind the viewer of what is happening to our current troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. While troops are beginning to depart Iraq, they are building up in Afghanistan. News reports continually state that soldiers face repeated tours of duty in Iraq, at least two or more, and now, many of those soldiers may face terms of duty in Afghanistan, as well. The situation is as insane as the situation in World War II, and it only points out the insanity of war, even if it is a "war on terror" that is supposed to keep us safe. The situations facing our servicemen and women today do not seem to have changed much, and that is quite frightening…. [read more]

Sex Therapy the Efforts Term Paper

… (Mangan, 1992) These problems are rectified by sex therapy. Sex therapy involves administration of some of the structured sexual tasks to the couple at the therapist's office. The couples practice the methods so prescribed successfully at home after understanding it fully, thereby rectifying the inhibitions that affects sexual response. Techniques developed by the Americans William Masters and Virginia Johnson during 1960s are most frequently used by the therapists. (Leiblum; Raymond, 1989)

The sex therapist mainly brings remedies with the non-organic problems affecting the sexual lives including premature ejaculation, impotence and other forms of sexual dysfunction. Therapists resort on exercises emphasizing inflicting and attaining sensual pleasures in order to overcome the anxieties about sex. Sex therapy may also involve specialized treatments against the specific sex-related problems.…. [read more]

Amphetamines for the Treatment Term Paper

… Out of the 35 study participants ten of them were also diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and six had a learning disorder.

The children were located at local schools and excluded if they had an IQ less than 80 or if they had a chronic tic disorder such as Tourette's syndrome (Sharp et al., 2001).

Children participated in a research school 5 days per week consisting of formal academic instruction from 9 A.M. To 12:30 P.M. And therapeutic recreation (sports, art therapy, structured social skills sessions) from 1 P.M. To 3 P.M. Behavior management techniques were used extensively within the program, although parent training was not provided (Sharp et al., 2001)."

There was a three-week observation period in which the students were medication free and…. [read more]

Benefits of the Creative Process for Dementia Thesis

… Art Interventions for Dementia Patients

[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]

Creative Aging

Art Intervention Processes for Dementia Patients

Art Interventions for Dementia Patients


There are few phrases that I dislike more than 'It is what it is'. I believe people that make use of this phrase are stating that whatever the concern, it is not worthy of thought; it is their under-mannered way of naturalizing the consequences of misguided choices. However, the fact that every choice, good or bad, has consequences is a truth that cannot be ignored. I know the frustration and anguish of rectifying the consequences of the horrific choices of others. I know because on October 24, 1998, I survived two violent crimes. In 2002, I was formally diagnosed with…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Child and Adolescent Counseling Golden Case Study

… She also drew a secret tunnel that had a hidden picture. While playing through the secret tunnel, he asked St. Thomas to ask her various questions. She made the list of questions her self and all were related to loneliness and fear. Most of the time Kathy used to answer in a babyish voice that St. Thomas concluded as the voice of Kim. During her drawing sessions, she used to make critical statements. The boy and the blue birds she drew were only because she did not want to feel alone. Her use of colors (specifically pink and yellow) allowed her to express her conflicts and feelings. Her paintings and drawings portrayed Kathy as an adult.

Throughout the therapy process, the art materials helped her…. [read more]

Psychology Treatment Thesis

… 29).

A crisis in mental health care funding is approaching rapidly given that the Baby Boomer generation will retire over the next twenty years and expenditures for older Americans with major psychiatric disorders will double. There will also be a serious lack of mental health services, providers and funding. About 20% of all adults over age 55 have major mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, although these are often under-reported and under-diagnosed (Bartels et al., 2010, p. 261). Medicare and Medicaid expenditures for nursing homes, outpatient and inpatient services, pharmacy and emergency room visits always "increase with advancing age" especially for those age 85 and over requiring "acute and long-term care." These expenses increase further for patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although elderly…. [read more]

Children, Grief, and Attachment Theory Term Paper

… Children, Grief, And Attachment Theory

When a child, age 7 to 11, experiences the death of a nuclear or extended family member, the experi-ence generates subsequent grief reaction/s. During the mixed methods study, the researcher investigates ways attachment theory may positively compliment grief reaction/s and concerns challenging the grieving child that may include feelings which include, but not limited to anger, confusion, fear, and self-blame. When not addressed, these reactions may link to the child experiencing ensuing health and/or mental health problems in his/her later life. The study also relates a number of ways to help to confront bereavement issues that children experience.

Relating to Death

Addressing "Something Else"

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of Study

Significance of Study

Scope of Study

Rationale of Study…. [read more]

Setting the Stage Essay

… Hence, CBT thinks that habits can have a sturdy influence on idea and feeling, and, in specific, that altering exactly what you do is frequently an effective method of altering ideas and feelings (Fulton, 20005).

Acceptance and Commitment Theory as a Relational Frame Therapy aspect

CBT thinks we must assess concepts and therapies as carefully as possible, making use of clinical proof instead of simply medical anecdote (Bagshaw et al., 2000). This is necessary for a number of reasons:.

-Scientifically, so that our therapies can be based on noise, reputable concepts. Among the characteristic attributes of CBT is that, in contrast to some schools of treatment that have actually stayed bit altered because they were first designed, it has actually established and made stable advances…. [read more]

Rime of the Ancient Mariner Essay

… He had, as a result, what pop-psychology would call a nervous breakdown. The stress was too great, and his brain disengaged; he fell victim to PTSD, but he saw it as visions (Ribkoff & Inglis). Because he survived the trauma, he has self-imposed the therapy of needing to "absolve" himself through the continual telling of the tale. Interestingly, this is the opposite of one of the results of PTSD. Normally the sufferer will become very stoic and unable to tell what happened (Ribkoff & Inglis).


The tale of the ancient mariner is difficult to fully understand because it is so disjointed and chaotic. The mariner jumps from one reality to another and his rime is so fantastical that it cannot be believed. But it…. [read more]

Child Sexual Abuse Research Paper

… When an esteemed and trusted adult carries the sexual abuse, the child would find it challenging when reporting such incident. As a result, this leaves the victim incapable of viewing what occurred as not their fault. Victims have a tendency of blaming themselves and internalizing negative messages regarding themselves. They display more suicidal ideation and self-destructive behavior than their peers who have not been abused. Eating disorders and body issues have been widely cited as long-term impacts of child sexual abuse (Emmelin, Hogan & Nystrom, 2011).

The symptoms of child sexual abuse have been described as body image problems related to feeling unattractive, dirty, dissatisfaction with appearance, obesity, and eating disorders. Victim's distress might as well result in somatic concerns. Related studies discovered that women…. [read more]

Breast Cancer Treatments Research Paper

… These funds are used to support ongoing research work and clinical trials, as well as for treatment of those who cannot afford it. (Artist Supports Breast Cancer)

It is important for women to know about breast cancer since it's a woman's awareness and concern of the disease that will take her to the doctor for early diagnosis. Furthermore, due to the different options available for the treatment of breast cancer, its knowledge amongst the population, especially those suffering from breast cancer or at a higher risk for it, holds great importance. According to Susan Bates, M.D, "It has been said that a woman must know more about her disease in breast cancer than a physician. With the array of choices currently facing a woman diagnosed…. [read more]

Personal Case Study

… Integrated Counseling

There are many ways to skin a cat; the old saying goes. But when it comes to one's own theoretical approach to counseling he/she better have a routine, a system grounded in sound theory and vetted by practical experience, that leads to positive, empirical results. That is to say, skinning a cat isn't what it once was in the old fragmented world of psychology. Those good old days of supposition and speculation are gone. No longer can therapists and counselors solely rely on their own fabrications and interpretations to administer treatment. Thanks to social media and the Internet, cutting edge research, and evidence-based treatment models, therapists and counselors have to learn to hew personal, theoretical predilections to pragmatic, results-driven tools, techniques and technologies.…. [read more]

Family Therapy Research Proposal

… Generational Boundary Dissolution Among Adoptive Families

Contribution of This Research

Attachment, Relationships, and Adoption

Characteristics of Weak Family Boundaries

The Generational Gap

Learning to Set Boundaries

Role of the Therapist

Generational boundary dissolution among adoptive families

Generational boundary dissolution presents as a crisis in many families. Generational boundaries are important for the development of the individual, within the framework of the family system. The area of generational boundaries is a relatively new concept in the field of family therapy. At this point, many of the techniques used are based on theory, rather than empirically tested ideals. Research into this area is young, presenting many avenues for exploration and research.

Much of the research into generational boundaries is based on the two-parent family model (Madden-Derdich, Estrada,…. [read more]

Hypnotherapy as a Treatment for Substance Abuse Term Paper

… Positive thoughts, higher self-esteem, these two things play a vital role in any recovery. So why shouldn't it work in hypnosis? All this combined may give hypnotherapy enough success to become part of standard treatment for substance abuse and mental disorders.

Hypnosis is and will always be seen as a means to open a door into the subconscious. "Hypnosis often overcomes the boundary between conscious awareness and what has been kept unconscious or sidetracked from someone's awareness" (Krippner, 2005, pp. 99). It offers people a way to gain insight into themselves and their subconscious thought patterns. It also offers hope to some who have no hope. Although it is not a definitively proven method, it has shown some positive results. With continued research and new…. [read more]

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