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Crucible and Guilty by Suspicion Essay

… Like Rebecca Nurse, Dorothy Nolan is blindsided by the authorities, in her case, the House Un-American Activities. Unable to find any work and bereft of visitation rights to her own son, Dorothy spirals toward death. David Merrill remarks that Dorothy "was a good wife, a good mother," and that the House Un-American Activities was "responsible for her death." She was "falsely accused, she couldn't get work, her son was taken away from her -- all because of" the blacklisting community. By contrast, the hysteria in Miller's Salem brought the noose around the necks of the accused, while Winkler's committee imprisoned and blacklisted those who were deemed guilty. In any case, both occasion set forth ways to ruin the lives of otherwise innocent folk, who chose…. [read more]

American Crucibles the Crucible Contemporary Book Report

… Unwilling to have his confession displayed publicly, John Proctor chooses death.

Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible, may have been based on early colonial events, but it was intended to frame the communist witch hunts by HUAC in the same light (Hinman et al., 1994). As happened in Salem of 1692, so-called witnesses took the stand before HUAC and named the names of communists, socialists, and communist sympathizers. Years later, it was discovered that many of the witnesses for the state had in fact lied and were coached by HUAC and the FBI. As had happened in Salem, peoples' lives were destroyed by the legal weight irresponsibly given to the so-called testimony.

Miller describes the events taking place during the late 40s and early 50s as…. [read more]

Crucible Is a Play Essay

… All the women in Salem conform to rigid roles for women: wife and mother is all there is. Women have a lowly social status, as they are perceived as witches and evil seductresses subverting the ideal religious purity.

Miller makes fun of the very notion of religious purity in The Crucible; religious rigidity becomes an example of the inflexibility inherent in conservative American society. Religion provides a blanket framework for Puritanical worldview. References to Jesus and the Bible are juxtaposed with those of witchcraft in a way that draws attention to the meaninglessness of all religion. For example, Abigail throws Sarah Good under the bus by crying out: "I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the…. [read more]

Crucible Movie vs. Maryse Conde's I, Tituba Book Term Paper

… ¶ … Tituba

Comparing and Contrasting: Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" with Maryse Conde's I, Tituba

The past is never rendered 'perfectly' to a contemporary viewer or reader, particularly an era as far removed from our own as the Puritan era of America. Arthur Miller's tale of "The Crucible" is ostensibly set in Salem, Massachusetts during the 1600s but it is a thinly disguised allegory of the McCarthy anti-communist witch-hunt that had taken hold in America when Miller wrote his play, which was later made into a 1996 film. Miller uses the trials to discuss important concerns of the present day in his play, not to recount history. The play immediately illustrates its lack of concern with the facts of the actual events by converting the…. [read more]

Crucible vs. Mccarthyism Essay

… Crucible vs. McCarthyism

Fear over reason: Modern witch hunts depicted in Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" and in the House Un-American Activities Committee

No work of art can be subsumed under a single interpretation. However, Arthur Miller himself has stated that his play "The Crucible," set during the Puritan era in colonial New England was intended to be an explicit historical allegory, highlighting the parallels between the Salem witch trials and the era during which Miller wrote the play. Miller was a victim of the anti-communist hysteria of the early Cold War era. He was called by Senator Joseph McCarthy before the House Un-American Activities Committee. As a result of seeing himself, and other great writers and artists of the era being tainted with the public's…. [read more]

Miller John Proctor, as Arthur Miller's Tragic Term Paper

… Miller

John Proctor, as Arthur Miller's tragic hero in The Crucible, is essentially an honest and upright and honest man with just one weakness, a secret affair with Abigail Williams, which he at first hides in order to protect his public reputation as an honorable man and husband to Elizabeth (Miller 1953, Wikipedia 2006). The witchcraft hysteria occurs at this time when the spurned Abigail expresses her jealousy and vengeance by implicating Elizabeth as a witch to the court. John presents Mary Warren to the judge as a witness in an attempt at saving his wife but without exposing his adultery, but the attempt fails and John finds himself trapped in the turmoil when Mary accuses him of being a wizard himself. His huge pride…. [read more]

Crucible by Arthur Miller Term Paper

… Crucible

Arthur Miller's play The Crucible describes the witch hunts and hysteria of Salem, Massachusetts. At the onset of the play a group of young women dance in the forest, including Tituba, a black slave, Betty, who is the Reverend Parris's daughter, and Abigail Williams. Abigail Williams turns out to be the play's antagonist, a manipulative woman who helps bring about the downfall of the play's protagonist, John Proctor. Proctor and Abigail had an affair the previous year, and Abigail again tries to seduce Proctor who refuses her advances. Out of spite, Abigail participates in a massive deception, causing the entire town to suspect a group of people of witchcraft.

The play's protagonist is John Proctor, who struggles with the dark secret of his adulterous…. [read more]

Crucible Dramatic Tension Term Paper

… The town of Salem is immediately seen as one concerned about witchcraft. This is made clear by the way that Reverend Parris believes that his daughter might have been engaging in witchcraft in the forest. The fact that she is the reverend's daughters makes his concerns especially significant and suggests that this may be a town that is out of control. This creates dramatic tension because it makes the reader wonder about what is going on in Salem. This is then enhanced when Abigail refers to the rumors of witchcraft that are sweeping through the town. This is seen again when Mrs. Putman says that some people in the town have reported that they have seen Betty flying. In saying this, it seems to the…. [read more]

Crucible Questions 1. Perhaps the Most Shocking Thesis

… Crucible Questions
1. Perhaps the most shocking element of the play which is revealed in
the introduction is that which is revealed to the play's reader here for
the first time as the extraordinary young age of the girls. Acknowledging
them as being barely out of their puberty, this introduction helps to pave
the way for the cruel behavior perpetrated by such young aggressors.
A second shocking detail noted in the introduction relates to the fact
in the years after the witch trials, when the state of Massachusetts had
come to full acknowledge and provide reparations for what had occurred, it
did so with precious little remorse. Though it provided a small financial
sum to the compensation of the Proctors-with John Proctor already deceased
by…. [read more]

Crucible Is the Story of the House Research Proposal

… Crucible is the story of the House Un-American Activities Committee, as headed by Senator Joseph McCarthy, but filtered through the prism of Salem, Massachusetts. Playwright Arthur Miller uses the witchcraft trials held in Salem as a historical analogy to condemn the anti-communist hysteria that afflicted America during the 1950s. Over the course of the play, for various reasons, different characters use the opportunity provided by the trials and people's fears, to suit their own personal and political purposes. However, the system created by the mass hysteria eventually becomes so out-of-control that even the individuals who advanced the original accusations cannot contain the system's power. Abigail wanted to use her power as an accuser to secure her reputation in the community, marry John Proctor, and destroy…. [read more]

Arthur Miller's the Crucible Term Paper

… ¶ … Crucible by Arthur Miller [...] whether justice was denied to those accused during the Salem Witch trials. The characters in "The Crucible" who go to court expect fair justice against the false accusations by some vindictive members of the community. However, what they find is not justice at all, but rather superstition, fear, and "spectral evidence" that only clouds the judicial system and creates injustice and unfairness. The court in "The Crucible" does not give justice to the accused, and they suffer the ultimate fate because the court cannot see past superstition and false accusation.

At the heart of this story is the 17th century justice system and how belief systems, superstition, and religion blended to corrupt the system and condemn innocent victims.…. [read more]

Arthur Miller's the Crucible Essay

… ¶ … Crucible by Arthur Miller

"The Crucible," a play written by American playwright Arthur Miller in the early 1950's, centers on the events which allegedly occurred in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, often referred to as the Salem witchcraft trials. Basically, these trials concerned a group of young girls from the village of Salem who were accused by Puritan elders of practicing witchcraft and of being in communion with the devil. Part of this belief was based on the observations of the Puritan elders who believed that the girls were possessed by spirits and demons, due to the girls exhibiting strange hallucinations and physical seizures. By August of 1692, nineteen individuals had been found guilty of practicing witchcraft and were subsequently hanged or burned at…. [read more]

Crucible the Witch Hunt Term Paper

… Indeed, under McCarthy anyone coming close to the Communist Party line, or anyone appearing remotely "different" ideologically from the administration was subject to Congressional Hearings on "Un-American" behavior, loyalty programs, and blacklists. In short, whereas the unfortunate "witches" in The Crucible were executed literally, the "witches" of the McCarthy era were executed socially, economically, and ideologically.

Interestingly, in hindsight audiences can view both the events in the fictional Crucible with contempt, as well as the excesses of the McCarthy era, seeing the same dynamics in current circumstances seems to be a bit more difficult for most Americans. After all, the powers that were in 17th century Salem were hardly different from those in the 1950's -- at least in their methods. But, what of today?…. [read more]

Crucible by Arthur Miller How People Behave Term Paper

… ¶ … Crucible by Arthur Miller [...] how people behave in times of crisis as evidenced by the character Reverend John Hale in "The Crucible." Crisis can bring out the best and the worst in people, and it can be the impetus for hysteria and paranoia, as this play clearly illustrates. Reverend John Hale is human, and becomes caught up in the hysteria, believing witches populate Salem and threaten Christianity. Reverend Hale is an "expert" in witchcraft, and because of his authority, he adds to the hysteria in the community, and is responsible for the fraudulent confessions and hangings that take place in the community.

At first, Reverend John Hale seems like a minor character in this play, but he is the catalyst that brings…. [read more]

Refusing to Comply Authur Miller Term Paper

… Arthur Miller's Refusal To Testify

Being John Proctor in the Real World: Arthur Miller's Refusal to Testify for or against Communism

Everyday, significant events in people's lives have ways of projecting and morphing itself into art. Individuals express their thoughts and feelings about an issue or event in their lives through works of art, be these works in visual, oral, or written form. Literature has always been considered as the most descriptive and detailed medium of human expression. Whether in prose or poetry forms, the individual provides one or more facets of an issue, his/her interpretation of life personified through words and narratives.

Indeed, this had been Arthur Miller's motive when he created the play, "The Crucible" in the mid-20th century. "The Crucible" was Miller's…. [read more]

Crucible Arthur Miller's Play Term Paper

… The protagonist of the story, John Proctor, finds himself caught up in the very human decision to do what is right or do what is easier. He has committed adultery with Reverend Parris' niece Abigail Williams, and he is overcome with guilt by this. Throughout most of the play he wrestles with the good vs. evil that is inherent in every human being.

Eventually, in Act IV, Proctor decides that he cannot give a written confession that will cause harm to others. He has written a confession, but he tears it up, because he realizes that it will also affect the lives of others in the town in a negative way (Classic, 1999). By doing this he feels a sense of duty and his conscience…. [read more]

Crucible Movie Review Movie Review

… ¶ … Crucible Movie Review

The Crucible

b) the evils of jealousy, greed, and ambition can be more powerfully destructive than any supernatural evils. Arthur Miller's original play has been altered in this film version; but still, the bottom line is that hysteria stirred up by religious passions can be very destructive. Those in the church congregation called together by Reverend Parris at the opening of the film heard him say that witches are "hateful enemies of God...and he may well find signs of Lucifer" when Mr. Hale (who is supposedly an expert on witches) comes to town. It was like, the die is cast; whether or not real devil spirits are here, we'll need to identify some in order to justify all this rampant…. [read more]

Crucible: Questions Thesis

… ¶ … Crucible: Questions

According to the introduction, how did the state of Massachusetts attempt to apologize to the victims of the Salem witch hunts, how was one of those apologies somewhat ironic, and why, according to Bigsby, did the state take so long to atone for the situation in Salem, 1692?

"Perversely" as reparations were paid to the living relatives of the victims, individuals such as William Good received money, even though he was his wife's own accuser, as did a confessed witch Abigail Hobbs, who became a witness for the state and condemned others to death (Bigsby viii). Hobbes blamed "Evil Sprits" for her mendacity and compliance with the murderous social order when she apologized for her compliance (Bigsby viii). Bigsby suggests that…. [read more]

Crucible the Film Version Term Paper

… The other glaring difference between the historical events at the Salem village in 1692 and the film is its theme of sexual relationship between Abigail Williams, the niece of Reverend Parris, and John Proctor a Salem farmer. At the center of the movie's story is Abigail's accusation of witchcraft against John Proctor, who having committed adultery with his one-time servant in a moment of weakness, repents his mistake and rejects her. Such a liaison almost certainly did not occur as Proctor was over 60 years old and Abigail was only 11 at the time of the trial. Proctor's involvement in the witch trials and his eventual hanging occurred because of his indiscretion in openly denouncing the trials and the girls' accusations as a scam, rather…. [read more]

Crucible Dearest John Creative Writing

… They do not really matter. Only Elizabeth does. Right? If I had not accused Elizabeth what would then have happened? You came to me before because she was domineering and nagging and simply not the right kind of wife for you. You, the greatest of men, came to me and asked to lay with me. I gave you my virginity and soiled my body with lust. Then you went and told the court about us! How could you do that? Very well for you, trying to get your wife out of trouble but now all the men in this village think of me in terms of what you and I did. They think I'm a harlot, a strumpet. Your admission in court has forever sullied…. [read more]

Movie Review on the Crucible Movie Review

… ¶ … Crucible" directed by Nicholas Hytner. Specifically it will review the film, including a discussion of the film as art. The Crucible is the retelling of the classic Arthur Miller play of the same name, first debuting on Broadway in 1953. This version is skillfully filmed and acted, and could be considered an art film because of the film techniques and storyline. It is an artistic success, but falls short on entertainment for many viewers.

The film concerns Abigail Williams, a young girl living in Salem Massachusetts who becomes embroiled in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Abigail and some of her friends dance in the woods with Tituba, a black slave, and are accused of being witches. They confess they are "possessed," and…. [read more]

Character Analysis of John Proctor From the Crucible by Arthur Miller Term Paper

… ¶ … John Proctor from the Crucible by Arthur Miller

The Crucible is a dramatic play written by Arthur Miller. The action takes place in a small Puritan town, at the end of the 17th century. The setting of the play is real, being based on the events surrounding the 1692 witch trails that took place in Salem, Massachusetts.

The plot evolves around one character, John Proctor -- "a farmer in his middle thirties" -- who commits the sin of cheating on his wife once with Abigail, a girl of seventeen, "strikingly beautiful, an orphan, with an endless capacity for dissembling." (Arthur Miller, The Crucible, 8) Jealous and resentful of being rejected, Abigail accuses Proctor's wife of witchcraft, of murderous thoughts, manipulating others to take…. [read more]

Individual Power in "The Crucible Thesis

… Individual Power in "The Crucible"

The Crucible is a 1953 by Arthur Miller that was written as a response to the political fascism of Senator Joseph McCarthy and what became known as McCarthyism during the early 1950s. The play is a dramatization of fictional events that took place in Massachusetts during 1692-3 that became known as the Salem witchcraft trials. There are many interpretations and depths of symbolism in the Crucible, but one seminal theme is that temporal authority has no real power over individuals who are able to reserve self-actualization and personal power for themselves.

Essentially, the Crucible deals with assumed occultism in a puritan community. It is about community suspicion, about a presumed expert (the Reverend John Hale) who is able to excise…. [read more]

Power and Authority in the Crucible Essay

… Power and Authority in Arthur Miller's Play The Crucible: Abigail Williams Reigns Supreme

Although power and authority can exist within the persona of the same person, power and authority are not synonymous. Arthur Miller's play the Crucible demonstrates that mass hysteria offers the opportunity for powerless members of society to gain power from those who possess more typical forms of social authority. While the members of Salem accused of witchcraft were often powerless people, such as old women, some of them were not. Some were relatively prominent individuals who opposed the witch hunt, like the farmers John Proctor and Giles Corey.

Abigail Williams is perhaps the paradigmatic example of an individual with no institutional authority who gains power through the social mechanisms of the witch-hunt.…. [read more]

Intolerance to Difference: Social Realities Term Paper

… In the story, the young girl experiences internal conflict when she was exposed to two worlds within one country/territory: her place as a member of the dominant and powerful class of the whites, while co-existing (non-peacefully) with the Africans, original inhabitants yet displaced and oppressed from their native land. The story ends with an indefinite resolution, as the protagonist fails to reconcile within her the conflicting situations she is in. A contrasting portrayal of Camus' main character in The Guest, Daru, illustrates how he chose to let his 'guest,' his Arab brother, to decide on his own as to what fate he is going to take. Daru's decision to let him choose between life in prison or with the nomads and the Arab's decision to…. [read more]

Crucible 1692-1952 Term Paper

… Power and Control in the Crucible

The play The Crucible deals with complex themes of power, the abuse of power, and the situation for those people that are victims of a system where those ruling have an excess of power. It is the context of this environment based on power that the events of the play take place. To understand why people act as they do in the play, it is first necessary to understand the situation that people are in. This is made clear in the court scene where Proctor tries to argue the innocence of his wife. In this scene, it is made that the court has complete authority even regardless of the truth and that the people are completely powerless.

The situation…. [read more]

Play? We're Heading Down to the Lake Essay

… ¶ … play? We're heading down to the lake."


"Are you the new boy?"

"I guess so."

"Don't talk much, do you?" The dark-skinned young boy sitting on the step warily regarded the white and the black child on the other side of the fence. The day was warm, and he would have liked to have gone swimming. However, he felt that there was something suspicious about the relationship of the two, and he held back.

The black and the white boy were tempted to leave, but the laziness of the summer day and the lack of better things to do prompted them to ask: "where are you from? Are you going to go to school here?" The boy on the fence had a…. [read more]

Dylan Thomas Wrote Sixteen Poems Research Paper

… Dylan Thomas wrote sixteen poems that were considered as great. Thomas was born in a middle class family and his father was a schoolteacher. Hoewver, Thomas did not wear the "old school tie, his upper lip was far from stiff and everything about him seemed too much. In short, he was a slob." (Tindall, 1962) The work of Tindall states that Thomas "burst upon London with his marvels…in 1933" and dazzled his readers. (1962) Thomas proclaimed that he was a "Welshman" first and secondly a "drunkard." (Tindall, 1962) Thomas is described as "outrageous, irresponsible and charming." (Tindall, 1962)

Thomas is reported to have both acted and looked like a poet. Thomas' poems are about "the daisies in deep" and used phrase that were transcendental" and…. [read more]

Authors Brief Biography and Short Story of Theatre Research Paper

… ¶ … Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales in 1914. He was already publishing poems in his teens, including many for which he would become famous. After Swansea was bombed during World War Two, he relocated to London and worked as a screenwriter. He returned to Wales before the end of the war and then after the war worked for the BBC. He was established as a poet at this time, but needed these other jobs to earn a living. He died in New York while on a tour of America, as touring to read poems was one of his main sources of income. He was 39 when he died.

Arthur Miller was born in 1915 in Harlem. He worked producing plays and in…. [read more]

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