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Assessing the Performance of Disabled Students Capstone Project

… With the appropriate information regarding the student, the online teacher would be able to formulate a learning environment that is suited to the student and is accommodating to the needs of the student. Disabled students can perform better in an environment that is encouraging and accommodating to their needs and this environment can be offered by distant learning.
Accessibility issues are the most prevalently reported reasons for students with a disability not being able to perform better. However, assessment of the courses should also be analyzed because the lecturers or assessors do not consider that disabled students might express themselves differently than nondisabled students (Burgstahler, Corrigan, & McCarter, 2005). This means that the students might have understood the course or topic, but they only have…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Learning Disabled During the Course Term Paper

… Alternate Hypothesis 2: There are positive effects that result when teachers label students as learning disabled, including academic achievement and performance-based consequences.

The formation of the primary hypothesis is grounded in a large body of research which suggests that labeling does impact students in a potentially negative manner.

Significance of Study

Because early child is a time when most children are forming their sense of self-perception, cognition, self-concept and self-esteem, it is critical that educators do everything possible to maximize a student's ability to achieve their highest potential. The intent of this research is to examine whether or not labeling students as "learning disabled" will negatively impact their ability to achieve to their highest potential.

Presently there is a growing body of evidence that suggests…. [read more]

Inclusion of a Child Essay

… M., Reynolds, A.J., & Ou, S.-R. (2003). The Effect of Early Childhood Intervention and Subsequent Special Education Services: Findings from the Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25(1), 75-95.

Cook, B.G. (2004). Inclusive Teachers' Attitudes toward Their Students with Disabilities: A Replication and Extension. The Elementary School Journal, 104(4), 307-320.

Hauser-Cram, P., Marji Erickson, W., Shonkoff, J.P., Krauss, M.W., Sayer, A., Upshur, C.C., & Hodapp, R.M. (2001). Children with Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study of Child Development and Parent Well-Being. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 66(3), i-126.

Hursh, D. (2007). Assessing 'No Child Left Behind' and the Rise of Neoliberal Education Policies. American Educational Research Journal, 44(3), 493-518.

Lyon, G.R. (1996). Learning Disabilities. The Future of Children, 6(1), 54-76.

Norwich,…. [read more]

Relationship Between Metacognition and Academic Achievement in College Students Multiple Chapters

… Also, test performance was likewise connected with metacognitive regulation in that he was able to discover correlations among performance and global and local judgments.

Duffy and Meloth (2009) looked into metacognitive adjustment by calculating monitoring correctness at the local and global level on a sequence of exams that were multiple choice given as a part of a course that was a semester long. They were able to discover that monitoring correctness stayed stable throughout the semester in regards to the exam. They were able to find out that students were more right in their worldwide predictions than their local forecasts. They discovered that student performance on the tests was connected to local monitoring correctness.

Metacognitive Awareness Inventory

Schraw and Hartley (2006) were the ones that…. [read more]

Special Needs Assessment: A Review Term Paper

… She states that despite the dangers of tracking, test-taking strategies for special needs students, such as using an approach that engages all five senses, rather than stressing the purely verbal or visual when studying course material can be helpful with special needs students. Also over-learning material, and predicting test questions may be necessary and required for special needs learners, thus stressing early testing to allow for the alternative learning strategies to be integrated into the child's scholastic approach early on.

However, Dudek also stresses that in early grades, some mainstreaming of special needs students may be required, arguing ultimately that rather than excuse students with special needs from testing, educators should allow them to participate, provided appropriate interventions are granted such as extended test time.…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Special Education Referral Processes for Haitian Students Literature Review

… ¶ … R-Questions to build the literature review.

What were the perceptions of teachers regarding the existing identification and referral process for ELLs and learning-disabled students?

What were the perceptions of the existing identification and referral process for ELLs as reported by parents of these students?

What gaps existed between the existing identification and referral process for ELLs and the ideal process?

What were the best practices of ELL identification and referral that prevent misidentification of ELLs as learning-disabled?

What recommendations can be offered to the school to improve assessment and referral processes for the evaluation of language-instruction needs among Haitian students at the schools?

Nadia's current chapter outline:

Review of the Literature

ELLs: Demographic and Academic Trends

Assessment Concerns


The Prevention of Misidentification…. [read more]

Special Education Term Paper

… McConnell (2000) confirms that early childhood special education and early intervention can greatly improve the academic careers of students with learning disabilities. McConnell asserts that early childhood intervention is designed to improve competencies, skills and to aid children and their families in making the proper educational adjustments. (McConnell 2000)

McConnell writes that many early childhood education assessment practices have been historically connected to intervention approaches. The article goes on to state that many of the initial intervention practices begin in the 60's and 70's. During theses decades professionals utilized developmental and task analytic checklist to assess the students' ability level. They also used close point evaluation to develop a curriculum of intervention. (McConnell 2000)

McConnell goes on to explain that many teachers during this era…. [read more]

Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities Theoretical Implications and Instructional Challenge Term Paper

… Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities

Vidya's "Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities":

An in Interpretive Review

In her article, "Gifted children with learning disabilities: Theoretical implications and instructional challenge," Shelia R. Vaidya discusses the challenging subject of teaching special education students on both sides of the dichotomy. She states that students with learning disabilities, who are often unable to perform or remain alert during class, are often gifted as well, able to talk about subjects with a sufficient degree of critical thinking skills. According to Vidya, these students often exhibit their giftedness in one-on-one teaching and tutoring sessions. Furthermore, she states that teaching these learners is often challenging, but can be done when considering a variety of methods and factors, including portfolios, psychological tests, teacher-parent conferencing…. [read more]

Country's Public Schools Are Experiencing Term Paper

… 60).

Some if not many of these special needs students will still require specialized care following graduation, but if they are provided with the training and tools they need to live as independently as possible during their high school years, it is reasonable to suggest these young people will have a better chance of caring for themselves to the maximum extent following graduation from high school. Based on his experiences with such a high school-based initiative, Liipfert (2010 argues that, "The [special needs] children will perhaps never be capable of living without any support system, but can hold jobs and can live with less supervision than many of their parents could ever have imagined. States benefit as well because programs help graduates live more independently…. [read more]

Presidential Fitness Testing National Significance Research Paper

… Once again citing the current obesity epidemic and generally poor health of America's population, states like Illinois continue to face significant obstacles in their journey to healthily prepare their students for adulthood. With ghastly increases in fast food consumption and video gaming throughout the youth population, physical fitness education remains extremely arduous in the modern environment . Additionally, the current financial situation in many central states has caused educational budgets to be cut and much financing to be lost. As this situation is compounded by the already unhealthy environment in which many Illinoisan children live, fitness education and testing has become an increasingly uphill battle for educators.

The unfortunately aforementioned circumstances in Illinois and across the country have caused there to be an extreme shortage…. [read more]

Incidence, Diagnoses, Characteristics and Safety Term Paper

… Diagnosis and Incidence of Mental Retardation with Autism. The incidence of mental retardation has been estimated at 3% for the general population (MacMillan et al. 1996); however, as noted above, because definitions of mental retardation with or without autism vary and the syndrome can be easily confused with similar conditions, depending on what criteria are used, slightly more or slightly fewer children will be considered mentally retarded with autism, or be diagnosed with another form of learning disability. For example, the AAMR criteria are based strictly on an IQ range for those students who are classified as having mental retardation. "By definition," MacMillan et al. note, "students with IQs in the range 55-70 who are not identified as having mental retardation cannot be mildly mentally…. [read more]

Instructional Practices for High Level Essay

… The benefits for students with disabilities in a standards-based, inclusive curriculum include: a) increased social interaction; b) new friendships; and c) "social competence" (Copeland, 214). The benefits for students that do not have disabilities include: a) "improved self-esteem"; b) development of personal principles such as "morals and ethics"; c) "decreased fear of differences and disabilities"; and d) a lessening of bias towards others who are disabled in a learning milieu (Copeland, 215).

Copeland explains that students with "extensive support needs" have problems when they try to use skills that they learned in one classroom or environment in another totally different environment (216). That attempt to transfer knowledge is problematic for many students, the authors report, and as a result the challenge of specific areas of…. [read more]

Learning Styles and Comprehension of Secondary Special Education Students Term Paper

… ¶ … Multiple Instructional Strategies Used to Teach students to Each of Their Learning Styles Improve Their Reading Comprehension Levels Significantly More Than Students Who are Taught Using the Traditional Instructional Strategies?

It was proposed recently by Keer (2004) in the work: "Fostering Reading Comprehension in Fifth Grade by Explicit Instruction in Reading Strategies and Peer Tutoring" British Journal of Educational Psychology (2004) 74-37-70) proposes assessment and use in an approach as to teachers and learning styles differentiation in a down to earth manner while addressing the needs of teachers in their practice of incorporation through "informed decisions" as to areas/units possible for incorporation of learning styles.

A study in Belgium, "Fostering Reading Comprehension in Fifth grade by Explicit Instruction in Reading Strategies and Peer…. [read more]

Canada Public Policy: ADHD Term Paper

… Mostly the public policy does not depend on evidence but on legal notion of "what is or is not in the public interest" (Dukelow, 2004).

Canada was the first country in western countries which introduced the Charter of Rights and Freedoms for individuals with disability in 1982. For this purpose the section (15)(1)(2) was included in the charter. Section (15) states that:

(1) "Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability."

(2) Subsection (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged individuals…. [read more]

Bio-Psychosocial Model to Assess Term Paper

… People like Mr. X, suffering from "Mental Retardation," also need relationships that allow him to grow and develop emotionally and mentally.

Treatment recommendations

The family of Mr. X needs to emotionally readjust to the altered reality, practical capabilities of, and change their relationship, behavior and attitude towards Mr. X. The difficulty of the care giver's emotional requirement to make the best of and grieve the failure of "the individual that was," at the same time as, offering the required attention, treatment and encouragement to "the individual that is," should be considered an extremely crucial feature powering the features and stability of "care giving (Merna J. Alpert, 1994)."

The social support system needs to take into account the following five facts: (1) the requirement for education…. [read more]

Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Term Paper

… However, to date there is limited documented research supporting such a statement. In 2000, Holm and his colleagues conducted a seminal study that used everyday activities- (or occupation-) based interventions with two dually diagnosed students who attended school and lived in a CLA. The everyday activities-based intervention focused on enabling the students' participation in everyday AM and PM activities such as bed making, selecting clothes for school, helping prepare the food for dinner, setting the table, and selecting the games and crafts for after-dinner activities. Overall, the disruptive and challenging behaviors of the two students were significantly reduced when they participated in the everyday activities-based tasks, even though the focus of the intervention was NOT on their behavior as in the school environment, but rather…. [read more]

Direct Instruction: The Effect Term Paper

… In her journal article "Effective instruction begins with purposeful assessments" Cobb (2003) points out that building administrators and reading specialists have to take a leadership role and help teachers differentiate between assessment and evaluation. Further Cobb suggests that teaching will be more meaningful when instruction is directed and when administrators and teachers collaborate to develop a curriculum that is integrated and reciprocal.

Though her article doesn't specifically support direct instruction, it does suggest that methods involving direct instruction techniques may result in more effective instruction in the classroom. Cobb (2003) also points out the importance of developing meaningful and guided instruction, and suggests that teachers must take the time to meet and discuss student work as well as share ideas and instructional methods including direct…. [read more]

Person Centered Planning in People With Developmental Disabilities Research Proposal

… The evidence provided by numerous studies on its effectiveness relies on desirability and commentaries of the method used. As such, activities such as active involvement of the necessary stakeholders are important in facilitating the realization of planning desirability and commentaries that lead to the efficiencies reported by studies (Mansell, 2006).

Evaluation of different studies on the effectiveness of person centered planning shows that activities such as providing individual planning, arranging for care management and collaborative approaches in care provision improves the lives of the disabled. From the evaluation done by Arscott, Dagnan, and Kroese, (1999), twenty-five percent of the participants who used individual centered plans reported a high level of improvement in their social lives (seventy-six percent). This was in terms of maintenance of social…. [read more]

Successful Steps to Transition Through Self-Advocacy and Self-Determination Thesis

… Self-Advocacy

Steps to Successful Transition Through Self-Advocacy Towards Self-Determination

The inclusion of disabled individuals in the general social, educational and occupational contexts which are welcoming to mainstream populations is a goal which appears to parallel the progressive orientation of our culture. Modern education shows evidence of the trend toward change, facilitating the increasing integration of individuals who are physically, emotionally or learning disabled into public and private schools. This trend has been a decidedly positive one, with legal, economic and educational strategies coming together to present an effective and productive change in the way that we contend with disabilities. Inclusive practice, which submits that educational institutions should be considered responsible for helping to assimilate disabled students into mainstream population classroom settings and for providing them…. [read more]

Adults With Learning Disabilities Term Paper

… 58). Many people with LD have succeeded in the workplace, often as entrepreneurs, and recent legislation is intended to ease the process of disclosing a disability and obtaining on-the-job accommodations (Brown and Gerber 1994). Adults with LD are employed at the same rate as those with out disabilities, but many are underemployed in part-time, entry-level, minimum-wage jobs (Blackorby and Wagner

1997). Like other workers, people with LD must cope with workplace changes such as teamwork, productivity and skill demands, and technological advances (Brown and Gerber 1994).

In some of the literature (Kerka, 2002)3, on-the-job problems are framed in terms of individual deficits: persons with LD are said to encounter difficulties in establishing routines and processing information correctly (Ohler, Levinson, and Barker 1996); often exhibit low…. [read more]

Special Education From the Standpoint Term Paper

… It is the hopes of the research team that sending out this many surveys in a variety of areas will be able to reach many racial groups. In addition there will be a section on the survey asking about racial background. This will allow the study to further conclude by race how satisfied the parents are with the accessibility and quality of the special education services their children receive. In addition this may provide some questions as to the type of services that different races receive which may pave the way for further research in the future regarding special education for minorities.

The way the research question will be answered through this survey question is through the use of multiple choice questions. The survey will…. [read more]

Special Education Teacher's Impressions of High Stakes Term Paper

… Special Education Teacher's Impressions Of High Stakes Testing And How That May Impact Preparing Their Students To Take Those Tests



This objective of this work is to understand how special education teachers' attitudes, preparation, background and so forth may be contributing to the low scores of special education students as mandated by the NCLB. The focus in on LD and BD students who have to take the regular exams not the small percentage of special education students who qualify for alternative assessments. The topic involves the conundrum of the current climate of data driven decision making (because of NCLB) and its impact on special education…. [read more]

Moore Kearsley Thesis

… ¶ … Technologies for Teaching at a Distance

Multiple technologies may aid the distance educator in creating optimal course material and engendering student participation. From simple online text-based readings to instant messaging during office hours, technological tools are enhancing the learning process. Yet technology is presenting tremendous challenges for distance educators. Instructors struggle to keep up with emerging technologies even before they have mastered those already in use. Exploring the range of different technologies for teaching at a distance requires many hours of work beyond that which is already required to design the course content, curriculum, and methods of assessment. Technology is increasing the demands placed on instructors at a time when funding and policy in education is floundering.

Technology can be capitalized on to…. [read more]

Interviews With School Teachers Term Paper

… Proposed legislation additionally required that appropriate accommodations be provided when necessary and guidelines developed for administering alternative assessments (Thurlow, Erickson, & Danielson, 1996) (Journal, 1998)."

All of these studies provide a foundational argument for using several types of assessments in the future education system of the nation.

The literature indicates support for the current assessment methods being used by the three teachers who were the subject of this study. They each incorporate alternative assessment methods with the use of standardized testing to provide a more accurate picture of student performance and ability. The teachers have individualized such assessments by providing portfolio and observation report measurements of student assessment when the student has a language barrier or is special education. The teachers might find that allowing…. [read more]

Business Ethics 9224 the Waiter Term Paper

… In case the professor had told them about these experiments, the results would not have been shocking like this. From an ethical stand point, the professor has not done anything wrong (Trevin-o & Nelson, 2011). It was just an experiment which was done to obtain a specific kind of results.

Current Article on Ethical Dilemma

"A Critical Analysis of the U.S. Causes of the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008"

By Morrow Rose (2011)

Summary of the Article:

In this article, Morrow has comprehensively explained the major causes of the most recent financial crisis which hit the U.S. And the world economy in the late 2000s. This financial crisis was also considered a big ethical dilemma on the part of the banking and financial sector of…. [read more]

RTI Response to Intervention Term Paper

… In short, early childhood educators as a group may be more focused on basic skill development and more accustomed to flexible and responsive service delivery than their elementary school counterparts. Therefore, it seems possible that RTI would be more readily accepted in early childhood, as it likely represents less of a philosophical or pedagogical shift at the preschool level.

Principles of RTI

Four key principles that consistently appear in models of RTI include the procedure of (1) entire screening of students in the school to detect the ones who are at risk of low academic performance, (2) a school wide, multi-tiered approach to prevent such school failure, (3) continuous monitoring of progress (hereafter progress monitoring) to document a student's progress (or lack thereof) and to…. [read more]

How Do Counseling Interventions Influence the Academic and Emotional Success of Students With Learning Disabilities? Research Proposal

… ¶ … Counseling Interventions on the Academic and Emotional Success of Students With Learning Disabilities

The academic success of the student with learning disabilities is influenced by both social and emotional aspects. Social skills are "the specific reactions, responses, techniques and strategies that a student uses in social situation." (Horowitz, 2007) Social competence "is the term used to describe how well a student performs in social situations." (Horowitz, 2007) Students with learning disabilities often demand attention in an inappropriate manner and are generally in need of assistance with establishing emotional intelligence. The objective of this work is to answer the question through a review of literature relating to counseling interventions and their influence on the academic and emotional success of students with learning disabilities.

LITERATURE…. [read more]

IEP Project Term Paper

… Individualized Education Program - Shawn


Individualized Education Program -- Shawn

Individualized Education Plan -- Shawn


Educational Assessment

Shawn Date of Birth: 5/22/2000 Age

Ellicott Mills Middle Assessment Date: 11/23/12 Evaluator: R

Grade/Program: Remedial & Special Education w/Resource Room Report Date: 4/11/13

Reason for Referral: Shawn receives a referral for an evaluation for multiple reasons. He experiences orthopedic impairments that limit the use of his hands and arms. Subsequently, Shawn additionally shows signs of persistent emotional frustration, social inadequacies relative to his peers, as well as issues of fine and gross motor control. His participation in physical, social, and intellectual activities is limited. Shawn is intellectually competent with cognitive skills comparable to his peers, yet his frustration with his physical impairment often hampers his…. [read more]

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