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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnosis Research Paper

… Pre-drug treatment assessment

It has been noted that many doctors make wrong diagnosis when it comes to ADHD. As an aid to the diagnosis stage, doctors and other certified mental physicians should have a pre-drug treatment assessment in order to confirm that they have this disorder. These tests should include a full mental healthiness and social assessment in order to see the kind of relationships that the children have created with other children of their ages. It is common to order for a full physical and history examination that includes an assessment of the history of undue breathlessness, exercise syncope, and other cardiovascular symptoms that may be present. Electrocardiograms become necessary when there is a history of severe heart disease, sudden death in family members…. [read more]


ADHD and How it Relates to Psychology Research Paper

… ADHD and How it Relates to Psychology

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD was known as hyper-kinesis or minimal brain dysfunction in the earlier times. It can be described as "a chronic, neurologically-based syndrome characterized by any or all of three types of behavior: hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsivity" ("attention deficit hyperactivity disorder"). An individual is considered to act in a hyperactive manner when he demonstrates feelings of agitation, uneasiness or improper movement especially when it is expected of him/her to remain calm. On the other hand, distractibility refers to the sharp disruption by inappropriate and extraneous sights and noise. Distractibility is also the lack of care and lack of ability to perform simple tasks to the finishing point. Lastly, impulsivity can be described as the…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder: Yes Term Paper

… I misplace stuff, can't concentrate. I also get really sensitive to noises, like the television, music I don't want to listen to, stuff like that. Things that don't bother my roommates at all will drive me out of my mind, and I won't be able to study or do anything.

Janet said she took Ritalin from age 10 to age 16, then quit. When she got to college, she was having a lot of problems with concentration again, though, so she started taking a sustained release version of Ritalin, called Concerta. She takes 54 milligrams of Concerta once in the morning, and it lasts her all day. She also said "I just feel more focused, more attentive, less irritable and distracted when I take it.…. [read more]


ADHD and Reading Difficulty Learning Article Critique

… Using the cross-legged model, a child was more likely to develop reading problems after expressing ADHD symptoms (X2 = 58.80, p < 0.001). Even though the heritability scores for each trait was strong in middle childhood, the heritability of both traits together was modest. This result indicates that shared genetics only accounted for 1/3 of each trait individually; however, when both traits occurred in the same child, 85% of the co-occurrence can be attributed to genetics. A similar result was found for the early adolescence age group.

An important question addressed in this study was whether the genetic and environmental influences on individual traits were stable across time. The authors found that between 51-84% of these influences were different between middle childhood and early adolescence…. [read more]


ADHD Medications Term Paper

… ADHD Medications

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder -ADHD is a widespread and often undetected psychiatric disorder. (Wender, 1996) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- ADHD is a slackly described collection of neuro-psychiatric collection of symptoms which come up during childhood and many times carry on into adulthood. (Kidd, 2000) Presently, 2 million children in the United States have been detected as having ADHD reported by the National Institute of Mental Health. (Gardner, 2005) in view of the fact that ADHD starts during childhood days, the foremost duty is to establish the psychiatric condition of the patient as a child and formulate a retroactive analysis. But few of the patients are assessed or treated as children. Counting upon the procedure and the cutoffs used, the incidence of ADHD in…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit HyperactivITY Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit HyperactivITY Disorder

Theories of child development and guidelines for parents are not cast in stone.

They are constantly changing and adapting to new information and new pressures.

There is no "right" way, just as there are no magic incantations that will always painlessly resolve a child's problems."

Lawrence Kutner (20th century) (Columbia, 1996)

Students Like C.J.

Something has to be done. C.J. cannot sit still.... His constant roaming around in the classroom disrupts the other students." Parents of ADHD students like C.J. frequently hear teachers' accounts similar to the one introducing this study. Student's like C.J. traditionally experience problems in school as rules, regulations and routines regularly require they remain seated at their desk, pay attention and focus…. [read more]


ADHD Students Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that has been brought to the public attention in recent years; especially with regard to child and student development. A hyperactive student is one who is over-active and displays significant inattention and impulsiveness. The result is chaotic and disorganized behavior, which if severe enough may adversely affect normal development as well as impact on the process of learning. Furthermore, as the child grows up, anti-social conduct can lead to behavioral problems that may affect school performance and the learning process.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), "ADHD affects 3-5% of children in the United States." (Waldman, I.D. et al. 1998) There is also statistical evidence to support the theory that the incidence of ADHD…. [read more]


Economic Burden Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Essay

… In this order of ideas, the cost effectiveness of the ADHD treatments is increased throughout the first six months of the treatment, but it then decreases gradually. Additionally, this effectiveness is uncertain in the future life of the treated patient (Matza, Paramore and Prasad, 2005). Nevertheless, this is only the strict economic figure, and the need for ADHD treatment is also supported by ethics.

7. Counterclaim

The society is paying an increased economic cost for the treatment of the patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, when it could use those financial resources to invest in other directions, such as finding a cure for cancer.

8. Rebuttal

There are two important rebuttals to the counterclaim previously stated. On the one hand, there is the moral rebuttal.…. [read more]


ADHD the Growing Incidence of ADHD Attention Term Paper

… ADHD

The Growing Incidence of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a neurological condition characterized by inattention, restlessness and impulsivity, is commonly diagnosed in early childhood and affects between 3 and 5% of American children, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. "In a classroom of 25 to 30 children, it is likely that at least one of them will have ADHD" (Ramer, p. 4). Studies that have been done in the area of ADHD, and many school teachers, say these numbers are conservative estimates. There is a growing belief that ADHD is growing in incidence. The thesis of this paper is that Attention deficit disorder and Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased in incidence during a ten-year span for school-aged children.

Public perception often…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Essay

… Prior to the study, the patients were treated with homeopathic remedies. Sixty-two participants who had a 50% or more improvement on their CGI were selected for the trial. These were split into two groups, one was given verum for six weeks, the other a placebo. It was found that parents rated their children's symptoms significantly better under the homeopathic treatment, with long-term treatment averaging a 63% improvement.

Conclusion:

ADD and ADHD affects millions of children and adults. This symptoms of this neurological disorder can negatively affect both a patient's social and professional life. Although recent research has found the likelihood of genetic links to the disorder, there are also a variety of environmental factors that are believed to contribute to the development of this disorder.…. [read more]


ADHD Psychology FAQ About Thesis

… ADHD

Psychology

FAQ about ADHD: Some common concerns of parents

Why is hyperactivity such a debilitating diagnosis for my child?

Children who are diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have trouble realizing their full potential in school, because they cannot concentrate. Because of poor performance, they may perceive themselves as 'stupid' and not achieve basic developmental milestones in their studies, although they are capable of doing so intellectually. They may become alienated from their peers as well as their teachers because of their defiant and attention-seeking behaviors, over which they have little control. Poor organizational skills and being easily distracted can also impair their success in sports and other extracurricular activities. Children who are impulsive may blurt out inappropriate things, behave rudely, or even…. [read more]


ADHD Children and How Behavior Therapy Is Necessary With the Use of Medication Term Paper

… ¶ … Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and how it affects children. The symptoms of the disorder are also being discussed. Thereafter the paper shall deal with the different aspects of the treatment for this disorder. In terms of the treatment, the paper shall emphasize on medications and behavior therapy and shall understand the important role played by both these approaches separately and in terms of a combined approach as well and finally end with a concluding note.

ADHD children and how behavior therapy is necessary with the use of medication

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, occasionally named as ADHD, is a continual state and the most usually detected behavioral disorder in children and adults. 3 to 5% of the school going children suffers from this disorder…. [read more]


ADD ADHD and Use of Stimulant Drugs to Treat Children Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children - Outline

Confusion over definition

Many different terms to mean same thing

Argument

Drugs first reaction by Pediatricians

Not enough research completed

Causes

Not conclusively known

Genetically transmitted

Imbalance or deficiency in brain chemicals

Use of glucose in brain

NIMH studies

Other Causes

Prenatal development

Birth complications

Later neurological damage

Environmental

Poor diet

Incomplete digestion of the whey protein

Drug use by mother

Right treatment important

Multimodal approach

Child and parent education

Medication

Behavior management techniques

National Institute of Mental Health study

Controversy

Medication

Charges medication used to control behavior

Self-medication

Stimulants

Kratom

Methylphenidates

Amphetamines

Atomoxetines

Second-line medications

Schedule II of the U.S. DEA schedule system

Ritalin over-use

Side affects

Conclusion

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children

Attention deficit…. [read more]


ADHD Case Essay

… Additionally, in this case, the clinical psychologist can use the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale (WFIRS) in the case that the WURS does not provide enough or sufficient glimpse into the boy's behavior (Haavik et al. 2010 p 1572). This could be used either as a secondary measure or in correlation with the WURS assessment test. Similar to the WURS assessment test, the WFIRS deals with a number of variables, including behavioral, social, academic, and familial history. This test is for the boy himself to take, as is the self-assessment. As such, it has been designed with a certain degree of flexibility in order to detect any possible understatements that the individual might have about themselves or their condition. With this multifaceted approach to the…. [read more]


Diagnosing Children With ADHD Term Paper

… ADHD: how many are affected and how reliable are the tools used in its diagnosis?

Today a growing number of children are being diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), an affliction that often stands in the way of children enjoying academic success and full personal lives. Certain identifiable behavioral symptoms, such as hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity characterize this disorder. Meanwhile, ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that usually has an early onset (Spencer, Biederman, Mick, 2007), and other serious psychiatric conditions may accompany ADHD. Often, many people misunderstand ADHD and treat it as a disability (Spencer, Biederman, Mick, 2007). A growing body of mental health specialists theorize that ADHD might be linked to environmental, genetic or biological etiologies (Spencer, Biederman, Mick, 2007). This paper will…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD is considered to be a general psychiatric problem occurring in childhood and frequently continue into the adulthood. (Szymanski; Zolotor, 114) the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD if left untreated has the prospective devastations for the child and their relationship with parents, peers, teachers and just about everyone else. (Jenson, 40) the magnitude of occurrence of ADHD is estimated to differ from 2 to 20% however; the incidence of this problem in clinical practice is estimated to differ from 6 to 8%. (Johnson, 75) the ADHD is regarded as a neurophysiologic disorder expressed in terms of behavioral features and related to considerable morbidity in the sphere of social and academic achievement and self-respect. The ADHD is actually associated…. [read more]


ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Term Paper

… Students not only showed improved ability to complete tasks on time, they also exhibited reduced negative behavior. When students recognize that they can succeed at school-related tasks, they develop a better sense of self-

Overview of ADHD worth, feel reassured and are motivated to do better. Such a technique of positive reinforcement could be used to develop positive outcomes.

Bridging from previously taught concepts to new concepts. Students with ADHD, burdened with learning disabilities, need help with processing the material that is being taught. "By providing opportunities for students to look for connections between what they have learned and what they are now studying, students are better able to expand on the ideas that they are learning (Howell, Fox, & Morehead, 1993)."

Providing opportunities for…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Term Paper

… Because teachers are often the first ones to recognize the symptoms of ADHD, it is essential for them to draw upon a current and accurate knowledge base as they interact with parents, physicians, and other professionals (Busch, 2003)."

"Teachers play their most crucial role before any diagnosis is actually made by the family physician, psychiatrist, or pediatrician (Busch, 2003). According to Weber et al. (1992), children who are suspected of having ADHD are initially identified because of their behavioral and academic performance in the classroom. Studies conducted in schools repeatedly report the same sequence of events for many children referred for suspected ADHD. Teachers become aware of the students' difficulty in meeting the behavioral, attentional, and academic norms for the class and suggest the possibility…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Research Paper

… Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent condition that affects millions of kids and frequently continues into adulthood. ADHD comprises some mixture of troubles, such as trouble maintaining attention, hyperactivity and spontaneous behavior. Children with ADHD also may fight with low self-esteem, distressed relations and poor presentation in school. While treatment won't alleviate ADHD, it can help a great deal with indications. Treatment characteristically entails medications and behavioral interventions. A diagnosis of ADHD can be terrifying, and indications can be a test for parents and children equally. Nevertheless, treatment can make a huge difference, and most children with ADHD grow up to be average adults (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, 2011).

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the main indications of ADHD. It…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Term Paper

… But while it is too early to pin point one particle variant, we can move on with some certainty towards further research in genetics with the evidence that scientists already possess. Time (1993) published the results of one study conducted by NIMH, "According to research conducted at the National Institutes of Health, at least some cases of the behavioral disorder, thought to affect 3% to 5% of school-age children, are triggered by the same hereditary error that causes an uncommon endocrine disorder called generalized resistance to thyroid hormone .... By treating the underlying biochemical abnormality in these cases, doctors may eventually be able to correct the behavioral problems."

Apart from abnormal brain development and genes, some scientists are also exploring the role played by environment.…. [read more]


ADHD Essay

… Children with ADHD scored significantly lower than other referred children without ADHD on three measures of academic performance: teacher ratings of their grade level performance in academic subjects (TRF Academic Performance); teacher ratings of their academic skills, effort, and motivation (SSRS Academic Competence); and the WIAT-II mathematics composite score.' (McConaughy et al., 2011)

The study found that in 'children with ADHD, 15 -- 55% showed clinically significant impairment in academic performance and 85% showed clinically significant impairment in social behavior.' (McConaughy et al., 2011)

The research emphasized on the 'importance of assessing academic and social functioning and developing multifaceted interventions that target these key peripheral features of ADHD along with efforts to reduce core symptoms.' (McConaughy et al., 2011)

Maria Re and Colleagues conducted a…. [read more]


ADHD Generation Research Paper

… ADHD Generation

ADHD

The Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized through the fact that it involves both an insufficiency in attention and in hyperactivity. The first symptoms of ADHD can normally be observed before the individual reaches the age of seven. The disorder has had several names in the past, as it was known as "minimal brain dysfunction" or hyperactivity. There is presently much controversy regarding the malady, since it is difficult to diagnose and because most clinicians have little experience with it.

There are presently numerous individuals suffering from ADHD, thus making it perfectly natural for researchers to pay special attention to the matter. Even though the disorder has been around for many years, physicians have not recognized it as being a common…. [read more]


ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

… Many adolescents use drugs, and many of those drugs are pharmaceuticals rather than, for example, marijuana or cocaine. I have been reading about the fact that prescription drug abuse is a major problem among all age groups. It is highly likely that the hasty diagnosis of ADHD in childhood and adolescence will lead to serious drug abuse problems later in life, as those children learn that drugs are the answer to all their problems. The medical establishment is acting like a drug pusher.

Moreover, some parents may be pressuring doctors for the diagnosis and drugs because they cannot come up with ways to discipline their children properly. The drug becomes a substitute for good parenting, as many parents are using their child's ADHD as an…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorders Thesis

… ADHD causes significant psychosocial dysfunction and severely affects academic performance of the child. The condition requires continuous monitoring and treatment, as the symptoms tend to persist well into adulthood. As several research studies indicate, a combined treatment model involving medications and behavioral therapy is the most effective method for improving symptoms and effective management of the disorder. The new developments in brain research and in particular studies of the functional MRI images have shed new light into our understanding of the pathology of ADHD. The development in genetic science has also furthered our understanding of the genetic susceptibility of ADHD.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Introduction

Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder is a common neurobehavioral disorder identified among 3 to 7% of children. Though, primarily a childhood…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Article Review

… ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a mental health condition characterized by a short attention span, impulsivity, and an excess of energy. Individuals with ADHD Students with ADHD often have difficulty getting started on their tasks, regulating attention to task or to people, and organizing or following through on instructions, school work, chores and/or classroom duties. They are easily distracted and forgetful, constantly on the go, and into everything. They are talkative and impulsive and can be disruptive in the classroom.

Classroom Strategies Described

Students with ADHD often require more supervision than age peers, particularly in unstructured settings; often display highly erratic production in terms of quality and quantity of work completed from day-to-day and at different times in the same day; and difficulty dealing…. [read more]


ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Term Paper

… ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disorder in behavior in which a child demonstrates excessive level of activeness, inability to sustain his attention to a particular subject, and impulsivity. Within school situations, it was found that children with ADHD are oftentimes distracted easily by different things around him. They find it hard to sustain their attention to what is being taught. As a consequence, children with ADHD have poor academic status in their class.

There are some research and studies that were conducted on the effects of ADHD on the learning process of students who have it. One study, conducted by DuPaul and Henningson, indicated the following findings of Pfiffner and Barkley on the effect of high-rate of hyperactivity to children's participation in…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder Term Paper

… (APA, 1994)"

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), following an accurate diagnosis, specific goals for treatment should be established (Seay, 2002). These goals, or target outcomes, may include improvements in relationships with parents, siblings, teachers, and peers; decreased disruptive behaviors and improved academic performance. The AAP recommends setting three to six goals and stresses that they should be "realistic, attainable, and measurable."

Goals should be reviewed and progress continually during treatment (Seay, 2002). Lack of improvement should result in a change in treatment plan, a reconsideration of goals, or in some instances, the possibility of a change in diagnosis.

The AAP stresses that "primary care clinicians cannot work alone in the treatment of school-aged children with ADHD (Seay, 2002)." Rather than relying solely…. [read more]


ADHD Inclusion / Mainstreaming in Vocational Schools Term Paper

… ADHD

How has inclusion/mainstreaming worked to date in vocational schools? Include definitions of inclusion and mainstreaming.

Inclusion and mainstreaming have been the catch phrases in education for the past almost 40 years as several court cases, beginning in the 1970s, dictated that children, ev en with disabilities deserved equal education, as their peers and eventually maintained that such children deserved an educational environment that was the "least restrictive" possible. Prior to this time most children with even mild disabilities were either segregated in special classrooms or were offered no education whatsoever. "Finally, P.L. 94-142 was passed (1975) which mandated that children with special education needs are to be educated in the least restrictive environment." (Wilcox & Wigle, 1997, p. 371)

Mainstreaming is the term that…. [read more]


ADHD Informative Speech Thesis

… " NIMH, 2006).

What causes ADHS? Attention disorders often run in families, so genes may partly be to blame. Some people blame the modern diet, but in a recent study involving ADHD children and sugar, where children were given sugar on some days and a sugar substitute on alternate days, without parents, staff, or children knowing which substance was being administered, no significant effects of the sugar on behavior or learning was found. Yes, children with ADHD, like all children can have food sensitivities or learning disabilities, but it's important to remember that ADHD is not the same thing, and it's possible for a child to be ADHD and not be sugar sensitive, and not have trouble reading or with math when they can sit…. [read more]


Misdiagnosis of ADD ADHD Term Paper

… ¶ … misdiagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The writer explores the question of medical vs. social cause and the legitimacy of diagnosis. In addition the writer discusses treatments and what harm they may pose to the misdiagnosed as well as what pressure parents often face to diagnose their children with a learning disability.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) have been the focus of media attention for more than five decades. One of the problems with the disorder is that there is no definitive medical test to prove or disprove its existence. With the inability to diagnose with concrete medical fact parents often find themselves pressured to accept a subjective diagnosis and place their child on medications that are as…. [read more]

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