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Accounting Careers Term Paper

… Public Accounting, Corporate Accounting and Governmental Accounting Careers

Career options that are available to entry-level accounting graduates include those of public accounting, corporate accounting and governmental accounting. Each of these vocational options are divided into more specialized areas of practice.

The purpose of this study is to examine and in-depth research study into the areas of accounting represented by the specialized areas of practice within the public, corporate and governmental accounting vocations.

Accounting seniors and recent graduates are in possession of theoretical knowledge of accounting theory, but often know little to nothing regarding the careers available to them upon graduation.

Objective of the Study

In order to make a competent decision about which career to pursue the available options should be scrutinized. That is the…. [read more]

Accounting International Accounting and Auditing Research Paper

… Global financial reporting is quickly becoming an actuality. As home to the biggest capital market in the world, the U.S. has a vital role to play in international economic reporting. Due to the U.S.'s position in global capital markets, U.S. firms and academics can no longer worry about the expansion, application, and implications of U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The point has come to center on the expansion, appliance, and propositions of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) (Barth, 20085). There is no arguing that global standards are the wave of the future. It is very imperative that the U.S. play a considerable role in the expansion and achievement of international accounting and auditing standards so that these are developed with their best interests in…. [read more]

Marketing Audit on a Local Navy Recruiting District Term Paper

… Marketing Audit on a Local Navy Recruiting District

Marketing Audit of a local Navy Recruiting District

NAME and ADDRESS of (the division of) the organization or company you have chosen to examine.

US Navy Recruiting District, Los Angeles

5051 Rodeo Road

The organization's MISSION

The mission of Navy Recruiting District Los Angeles is to recruit high quality men and women for enlisted and officer programs to meet the Navy's quantitative and program needs as specified by the Navy Personnel Command. Recruiting goals must be achieved with integrity. All personnel must be trained to accomplish these goals.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES or GOALS of the organization

Navy Recruiting District Los Angeles is tasked with recruiting between 2500 and 3000 men and women each year. Each must meet specific…. [read more]

Duration Supply Chain Audit Methodology Essay

… ¶ … Duration Supply Chain Audit Methodology

Even though every supply chain is unique, it is also relatively straightforward in concept; however, in most cases, supply chains are complex in their real-world settings and such complexity can easily result in inefficiencies and duplicative practices that represent diminished profitability for the organizations involved. Therefore, auditing the supply chain from time to time represents a potentially valuable enterprise because substantive improvements in supply chain management can provide substantial reductions in total supply chain costs as well as inventory levels and resulting warehousing costs. In addition, auditing the supply chain can identify opportunities to improve the accuracy of forecasts and the organization's order fulfillment cycle time can be significantly improved (Auditing the supply chain, 2009). To this end,…. [read more]

Conservatism in Accounting Valuation Research Paper

… Conservatism in Accounting Valuation

Accounting is used to determine the financial health of a business or individual. As such, it is carefully regulated and those who practice it for compensation are required to have education and certification. There are various rules, laws, and principles that govern the business of accounting and that are commonly used in order to ensure that those who work as accountants are handling others' money and financial information correctly. Because there are only a few accepted methods of accounting, it is possible to learn them all and determine which one of them would be best for a client. That way, an accountant can help his or her client save the most money on taxes and create an accounting system that can…. [read more]

Auditing Roman Holiday Case Study

… ¶ … Roman Holiday. For part one, do not only explain the general auditing concept and rules but also use the methodology to analyze the CASE FACT.

For part 2, please use the data provided by the case to calculate acceptable Accounting risk. And also follow the 3 requirements written in the assignment instructions, in addition, make a conclusion based on your result.

Accounting risk -AccR is accounting risk reflecting accounting uncertainties with respect to an accounting number (this is the risk associated with the lottery ticket illustration). AccR refers to uncertainties associated with the need to use estimates in accrual accounting. These uncertainties arise from the need to make predictions of the future in developing accounting estimates

Probability of Material Mistatement=PMM = AccR +…. [read more]

Audit Implications of Going Public Essay

… SOX & PCAOB #5

The author of this report has been given a hypothetical situation where a CEO by the name of Terry Puckett is asking the impacts of two major regulations or laws pertaining to public companies and the auditing standards that they must adhere to. The first of those two is the Auditing Standard No. 5 as offered by PCAOB and the other is Sarbanes-Oxley, or SOX. The latter was the massive accounting law overhaul passed in the wake of the Enron/Arthur Andersen scandal in 2001. Puckett wishes to know the effects, in terms of cost and otherwise, that will come to pass when it comes to complying with these two sets of rules and regulations. While it is not insurmountable to comply…. [read more]

Williams Case Settlement Mr. Governor Term Paper

… We are all aware that the state's budget crisis is a very real problem so educational budget cuts may in deed be required. The budget deficit's impact on our schools, with a focus on our poorest schools in the state should be a priority for all of our states citizens. Although no money has been appropriated to the budget as of yet due to state's fiscal situation, your legislation team must be prepared to set an example in order to equalize district funding. Your team must establish incentives that help create and pass educational funding initiatives. Of course these are ambitious proposals and it will take a concerted effort from us all to create such drastic change but in the long run it will benefit…. [read more]

Accounting for Income Taxes Term Paper

… Accounting for Income Taxes

The role of the tax professional has changed substantially in the past decade. Previously, the focus was on tax planning and the marketing of tax products. The focus today is more on the corporation's tax provision and compliance work. This shift has occurred as the result of changes in the regulatory environment. In particular, the enactment of Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) has shifted emphasis towards the compliance side of the business. This paper will analyze the changes in the tax accounting profession over the past decade with particular attention to the increase in emphasis on compliance. Not only did SOX change the operating environment for tax professionals, but another concern arose concerning the use of abusive tax shelters. In the mid-1990s the use…. [read more]

Quality Control Requirements and Peer Term Paper

… 2A. What are the ethical implications of Rossi and Montgomery's accepting the engagement?

The ethical implications of the Mobile Home Manufacturing Company, as audited by Rossi and Montgomery, CPAs are that while Mobile Home ahs decided to issue stock to the public and wants Rossi and Montgomery to perform all the audit work necessary to satisfy the requirements for filing with the SEC, the CPA firm has never had a client go public before and thus may have an interest in buying stock in the company before it does. It must make sure that individuals in the company do not unfairly use such insider stock tips, or make use of confidential financial information to their own benefit or the auditing firm's benefit.

B. List the…. [read more]

Texas Uniform CPA Exam Term Paper

… ¶ … Texas Uniform CPA Exam

While many people might know what a CPA is and what it stands for (Certified Public Accountant), this paper looks closely at the nuances of becoming a CPA and how those nuances pertain to this profession within the state of Texas. What the average person doesn't understand is that being given a CPA license is the accounting profession's highest standard of competence and a sign of accomplishment, along with an assurance of quality and experience. Aside from being a Certified Public Accountant, the average CPA is also licensed by their state board of accountancy, a move which signifies a certain level of prestige which has been gained through a thorough demonstration of knowledge and competency through meeting and fulfilling…. [read more]

SOX Case This Set of Facts Essay

… SOX Case

This set of facts definitely presents significant problems for both XYZ and Big 4 when it comes to violations of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Though sections 302 and 402 of the legislation are often focused on by companies and individuals in terms of compliance (with the latter being especially bemoaned by many), this case actually involves more diverse and less-familiar parts of the legislation dealing with auditor independence, conflicts of interest, and corporate responsibility while at the same time touching (to a lesser degree) on issues of disclosure to investors and even potential fraud or other criminal behavior (H.R.3763.ENR 2002; Kuschnik 2008). Titles Two, Three, and Eight all have some bearing on the facts at hand, and specific provisions make it clear…. [read more]

Career Orientation of Bank Managers in Pakistan a Private Public Sector Comparison Term Paper

… ¶ … benchmark regarding bank manager careers in Pakistan. Islamic banking is a growing feature of banking in the region, and Pakistan as a nation has expressed interest in being the banker of that region. That being so, it is instructive to note that the managers who worked under the old regime are significantly less optimistic than the newer, younger managers working in the growth industry of Islamic banking. They also seem, if not satisfied with their career paths, at least resigned to their fate and accepting that maintaining their jobs and what vestiges of ethical behaviour they could was sufficient. On the other hand, bank managers who had experience banking in nations in which banking had less tumultuous history, as well as those who…. [read more]

Sport Event Audit Assessment

… Sports Audit

Sports Event Audit: A Baseball Game at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, PA

Attendance of a sporting event carries with it certain expectations. The attendees recognize that they cannot be guaranteed the victory for the team which they support, but a host of compensatory guarantees are expected with regard to the experience. As the discussion here proceeds, it will do so from the perspective of one managing this experience. Therefore, emphasis will be placed on finding a balance between the need for the organization itself to remain profitable both in the long and short-term and the need for the organization to ensure that the attendee feels he or she has 'gotten their money's worth.' These are the considerations that will enter into my…. [read more]

Letter of Intent to Graduate Program in Accounting Term Paper

… ¶ … graduating with a degree in marketing from Concordia University, I was privileged to obtain a wide range of experiences in the field of business. Gradually, it became clear to me that my interests and aptitudes lay in the field of accounting. The detail and rigor of the field compelled me to pursue it further. [My interest in the field of study and the reasons for applying to the program]

One of my most formative and memorable experiences included working for TD Bank where I was able to work with numbers every day, and which used my detail-orientation to its maximum extent. I also worked as a marketing and sales associate for Microsoft which further honed my analytical qualities. Microsoft honed my ability to…. [read more]

Branding and Communication Essay

… The example stated in the work of Cocoran is that of the company 'NIKE'. (2012 ) In 1996, NIKE was accused by CBS staff of "mistreating workers in Vietnam. The report claimed that contracted staff were subjected to a regime of both mental and physical brutality and made to work in appalling conditions in order to fulfill their daily quotas. Although the company tried to play down the story, their attempts were thwarted in when the New York Times ran a front-page narrative concerning a leaked internal inspection document by the global accountancy firm, Ernst and Young, which found that some workers in Vietnam were working in "unsafe conditions." The document declared that tests at a factory near Ho Chi Minh City showed employees were…. [read more]

School Breakfast Clubs on Children Essay

… Recent research has looked into how the standard of breakfast, (i.e. which specific meals consumed at breakfast, where breakfast is consumed -- in your own home, abroad) mediates the observed advantages of breakfast. It's not obvious what role regular breakfast consumption may play in blood insulin or bloodstream glucose response, an essential problem considering the elevated prevalence of diabetes type 2 in youngsters and adolescents. Studies with grown-ups are convinced that greater frequency of foods might help regulate short-term blood insulin response (Farshchi et al., 2005; Farshchi et al., 2004), and particularly, the omission from the breakfast meal impairs postprandial blood insulin sensitivity (Farshchi et al., 2004). However, there have been no alterations in bloodstream glucose in schoolchildren who did or did not skip a…. [read more]

International Harmonization of Accounting Standards Real Benefits and Drawbacks Research Proposal

… International Harmonization of Accounting Standards: Real Benefits and Drawbacks

Over the last several years, globalization has been having a profound impact upon daily life. As the advancements in technology and communications have meant that the distances have become much smaller. At the same time, the reduction in trade barriers and the focus on free market principals have meant that it is becoming increasingly competitive. As the way businesses operate are facing increasing amounts of scrutiny from: the various activities that they are involved in. (Cultural Revolution 20007) in some cases, this could mean that shareholders are questioning the effectiveness of management's ability to achieve different financial objectives. While at other times, this could mean that companies are facing a careful examination of: their business models…. [read more]

Deontology and Utilitarianism in Accounting Article Review

… Deontology and Utilitarianism in Accounting

Accounting ethics are important to ensure that the accountant performs their task in the highest ethical standard according to the code set by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). As mentioned in the article, it is possible to have different arguments as a result of looking at the code of professional conduct from either a deontological or utilitarian point-of-view. In order to prevent these different schools of thought which could have dire ethical implications, it is important for the accounting principles to be made more stringent to eliminate any doubt or shortcoming in the interpretation of the rules. This is what is envisioned in the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was passed in the year 2002 to protect…. [read more]

Mindful Management in Government Organization Term Paper

… As Karl Weick and Kathleen Sutcliffe point out in Managing the Unexpected (2007), how mindful managers in HROs see things other managers miss; they ask questions that other managers never think of; and they make small interventions that other managers would deem a waste of time." (Gary, 2011)

Mindful managers are set apart from other managers by the following characteristics:

(1) Mindful managers track failures and especially the small ones. HROs continually ask four questions: What needs to go right? What could go wrong? How could things go wrong? What things have gone wrong? They also frame organizational goals in terms of mistakes that must not occur, and ensure that employees are keenly aware of organizational vulnerabilities. In so doing, mindful managers help create a…. [read more]

Organizational Culture and Sustained Competitive Dissertation

… This study will survey a number of organizations in a variety of industries in an attempt to find consensus in the strategic application of organizational cultural concepts.

This study will not result in a unified definition of culture, competition, or competitive advantage that will apply uniformly to all organizations in every situation. However, it will serve in the development of criteria that organizations can utilize to help determine the characteristics of their own organization and how they can be used to an improve the sustainability of their organization. This research will play an important role in the development of processes for analyzing and developing an organizational culture that maximizes the organization strengths and minimizes its weaknesses. It will examine the state of knowledge in organizations…. [read more]

Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Term Paper

… Environmental management includes recycling and remanufacturing of parts and products (Anthony, 2002). Disassembly and recycling of reusable parts help the cause of environment protection, reduces the cost of usage of a fresh component, and avoids disposal costs. Material Resource Planning (MRP), an assembly-oriented scheduling system, does not support the process of disassembly. Uncertainty of quality, quantity and timing of recovery of reusable parts makes production planning difficult. To incorporate product recovery planning in MRP, use of reverse bill of material for every retrieved component or product is recommended. Concepts used in planning probabilistic demands for end items are used in structuring the bill of material.

Closed loop system is a widely used environment practice by many companies. This system requires new material only on non-receipt…. [read more]

Effects of Sarbanes Oxley SOX Dissertation

… ¶ … Compliance of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act

Impacts and Compliance of the SOX

The study investigates the impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002. The literatures are reviewed to reveal the motive behind the passage of SOX Act. The Act is to protect the investors and improve the accuracy of the accounting practice. With the costs of compliance, many smaller firms migrate to private to escape the costs burden. However, larger firms enjoy abnormal returns at post-SOX. Both primary and secondary data are used to test the hypotheses and satisfy the research objectives. The analysis of data is implemented for the validity and reliability of data.

Research findings reveal that smaller firms leave public and go private because of the costs burden. However, some sophisticated investors…. [read more]

ERP and Information Security Term Paper

… Creating a new business department.

Entering new market or industry.

In other words, this ever going maintenance of the ERP systems results into resource drain.

One of the latest audit program conducted on various SAP systems identified that the SAP systems are instrumental in providing software management resources for financial management functions like (purchasing, accounts payable and receivable, general ledger) and human resource management processes which include project management and employee management - team management. However, it is claimed in a recent audit of Gartner that security risks in SAP systems are high mainly because of intervention causing vulnerability to these highly important and confidential assets of data. Following were the significant results of the audit:

Purchasing resource utility does not have proper filtering or…. [read more]

Policy Formulation in a World of Digital Information Term Paper

… Policy Formulation in a world of digital information

Some view involvement in information policy, particularly in the government or public sector, as a means of asserting control over information. Describe the subtle, but important differences between "control of information" and its "management" or "organization."

The dichotomy that exists in the control of information on the one hand and the pervasive availability of it on the other is at the center of the debate between the "control of information" on the one hand and its "management" or "organization" on the other. Nowhere is this dichotomy more visible than in the area of compliance, specifically the tensions that are mounting between the government's many initiatives at compliance being more focused on the control of information vs. being…. [read more]

Investigation of the Significant Factors in Creative Accounting in Hong Kong Companies Term Paper


The focus of this research is the IASB's International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the barriers and challenges that exist to adoption and implementation of these standards. This research works conducts an extensive review of relevant academic and professional literature in the intuitive to identify these challenges and barriers and as well identifies the steps that are necessary to overcome these challenges.


This research seeks to understand what the challenges are to simplifying global accounting. Presently, there are approximately 100 countries that require companies to use the IASB's International Financing Reporting Standards (IFRS). This work seeks…. [read more]

Information System Holds in Accounting Term Paper

… Digital technology has made it easier to collect the data and move it all over the world, but at the same time, this has led to the production of an enormous amount of data which is difficult to handle. The challenge is now in filtering, sorting out, analyzing and compiling this data in a manner that will ultimately add value to the organization whose data it is. In Microsoft there were 54 financial groups charged with the responsibility of organizing the financial data of 85 of their subsidiaries which provided the services of Microsoft all over the world. To solve the problem, they built up a system which they called the financial 'digital nervous system'. (Accounting -- The Digital Way)

This was responsible for sending…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Delphi Study: Influence of Environmental Literature Review

… Green IT and energy costs

Although IT devices consume energy, you can use them to control energy, particularly electricity consumption.

You can use IT systems to take care of building management. For example, using movement sensors, thermostats can be adjusted, lights switched on and off, and computers switched off out of hours and reawakened for software upgrades.

One of the biggest challenges in reducing electricity consumption is ensuring that electricity users can monitor their own consumption. What gets measured gets managed -- once people are aware of their consumption, they can go about reducing it. This isn't yet common practice, even in data centers. But, with new smart metering technologies, organizations could monitor the electricity usage of individual departments. Departments could be charged for usage,…. [read more]

Sarbanes-Oxley Act and PCAOB Essay

… Sarbanes-Oxley Act and PCAOB

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was implemented in 2002, as a regulating measure to prevent companies from engaging in unethical accounting practices. Specifically, the Act requires CEOs to be financially responsible for accounting restatements when these are required as a result of misconduct. The purpose of the initiative was therefore to ensure public protection by holding companies liable for all their finances and accounting practices. This I also done by means of documented evidence that CEOs are required to provide in evidence for the adequacy of their internal control systems. The Act requires jail time should a CEO fail to do this (Nusbaum, 2003). In addition the public company accounting oversight board was instituted as an insurance measure for the Act, ensuring…. [read more]

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