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God Look on My Works Essay

… Sallie McFague stakes out a very different position than either of the other two thinkers discussed here. While Freud saw religion as an artifact of human history that individuals might be able to evolve beyond, and St. Augustine saw the worship and acceptance of divine love as something that individuals might be able to evolve into, McFague sees the way that the idea of God operates within human society and psyche as essentially metaphorical.

McFague, a feminist Christian thinker, is little concerned about whether God exists or not, and if there is indeed the existence of a divine entity what form that existence might take. Rather, she asks people to consider not the nature of God but the function of the idea of God. In…. [read more]


Augustine City of God Research Proposal

… City of God Augustine

Though the context of the "church father" Augustus is historically associated with his life and times, 354-430, his influence was not significant until later. This observation is true of all his works, as one by one they were adopted as secondary doctrine to scripture but mores specifically the City of God, where Augustine, among other things, demonstrates further proofs of his many discourses on sin and having a personal relationship with God. The ideas that are developed through the City of God are continuations of ideas that had challenged Augustine as a very human member of the world, having taken many false paths and lived a life altogether unholy. The work applies his own experiences and those of others as sinners…. [read more]


St. Augustine's Concept of Grace and Salvation Term Paper

… Augustine is considered as the founder of the Western Christianity. Augustine was professional Christian thoelogist. His services had little impact on the Western civilization; however his contributions towards Christian Church are prominent and manifold. Augustine is also viewed as psychologist. Augustine is also viewed as among the last patristic. He worked on all main motifs of Latin Christianity from Ambrose to Tertulliam, and conserved them. He also researched on the heritage of Nicene Orthodoxy. Augustine has association with Roman Empire, and during this period he synthesized all his teachings and research which is still widely practiced all over. He transformed the religious philosophy of the Greco Roman World, and introduced modified Christian proclamation. His philosophy was not considerably eclectic, and little did his research focused…. [read more]


Augustine's City of God Against the Pagans: Comparisons Essay

… Augustine the City of God Against the Pagans Comparisions of the Two Cities

Saint Augustine's book "The City of God Against the Pagans" deals with the controversy involving Rome and how its fall was associated with the fact that Christianity concomitantly experienced a rise in influence. He wanted to inform people concerning the difference between the concept of Christianity and the concept of man-made society present in Rome. The book came as a response to the persecutions encountered by Christians in Rome and to the fact that many people were blaming Christianity for the fall of Rome. Saint Augustine wants the masses to understand that the city of God does not concern politics and that its connection with people is actually spiritual. The city of…. [read more]


Augustine of Hippo Term Paper

… Augustine of Hippo

Brown, Peter. Augustine of Hippo. Revised Edition. Berkeley: University of California

Press, 2000.

Make me good God, but not yet.' According to Augustine, in his most famous work the Confessions, this was his cry before he experienced a direct revelation from God about God's truth and man's inherent sinfulness. No ancient philosopher was as open and honest about his own life, perhaps, as Augustine. Rather than receiving a picture of the chronology of his lives through the words and images of other, later authors, Augustine penned his own spiritual autobiography. He depicted himself, warts and all, and created the narrative of spiritual progress, from hell to heaven, that still characterizes conversion narrative 'plots' today.

The problem for an aspiring biographer like Peter…. [read more]


Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome Rev Research Paper

… As the growing structures of the church replaced the collapsing structures of the empire, the Church Fathers largely provided an intellectual structure and rationale for the new religion that would replace the collapsing political system. Jerome translated the Old and New Testaments into the official language of the Roman Empire, which was Latin: this made the text available to anyone who was within the geographical and political reach of Rome, and thus radically democratized scripture -- in Babcock's words, "to bring the Bible into the language…of the street, the language spoken in the fish market" (141). Augustine provided the intellectual framework for understanding scripture, by offering an interpretation of history in his work City of God, which justified the fall of the empire as being…. [read more]


God and Government Christians Essay

… God and Government

Christians and Government

The separation of church and state that many in the Western world take for granted is far from a standard feature of government. This concept is not even clear-cut today, with such issues as the placement 0f the Ten Commandments in or immediately outside many court buildings, and even the portrayal of several religious figures on the Supreme Court building. But the issue goes much deeper than this, from political, theological, and philosophical perspectives. Regardless of whether or not a given government practices or even establishes a certain religion, early Christian texts have been used as arguments that obedience to an earthly government must be absolute, as this serves the basic interest of creating peace and harmony in the…. [read more]


City of God Term Paper

… City of God, Augustine defends the Christians against critics who blame them for the fall of Rome. Critics believed that it was due to the abandonment of the Roman gods in favor of Christianity that resulted in the empire's demise, because they reasoned that the gods were angry and thus had cursed them. However, Augustine claimed that the calamities of Rome happened long before Christ and had nothing to do with the popularity of Christianity, relying on historical philosophy to mount his defense. He believed that the city of God consisted of the holy angels and the elect among humanity, while the city of men was the earthly city and was comprised of the humans and angels who were in rebellion against God. He also…. [read more]


Augustine, the City of God Essay

… The idea is that everything is planned beforehand and all things happen exactly as God wishes it to be, for good and for ill. However, this perspective does not take into account the concept of free will. Although God has a plan, he also grants human beings the ability to make choices for themselves. Human beings may choose to follow the word of God and do right by their fellow men or they may choose to perform acts of evil. If they choose the latter course, then their actions will invariably harm others either directly or indirectly. When a person makes a choice, they are not only affecting themselves but perhaps their friends and loved ones. Since they are the catalyst of potential negativity, then…. [read more]


City of God by E.L. Doctorow Individual and Society Thesis

… City of God by E.L.Doctorow - Individual and Society

City of God is a very interesting novel written by the American author E. L Dotorow. What makes the book interesting is not just the unusual manner in which it is written (the technique), but also the approached themes. The reader can enjoy a various range of literary pieces such as poetry, first person presentations which refer to events from the lives of other people, movie scripts, plots that have nothing to do with the other stories or accurate descriptions.

The themes which the author approaches include aesthetic considerations, historic and religious ones as well as scientific. The present paper will analyze some of the ideas from the book that are considered to be extremely relevant…. [read more]


Augustine and Science Research Paper

… God was timeless, and in fact created time itself, but also acted constantly within a physical-temporal world and sent Jesus Christ to be incarnated within that world in order to redeem it from sin. Because of the fall in the Garden of Eden, humans were now "disarticulated into time" (ego in tempora disilui) but because of God's saving grace now had the chance for eternal life where they would "melt into the fire's" of divine love (11.39). Human beings were still crude, carnal and limited creatures, who concentrated on the "visible works of God" rather than their Creator (12.24), but Augustine's duty as a Christian bishop was to direct their thoughts, emotions and desires away from physicality to the "divine mysteries that are cloaked in…. [read more]


Augustine the Most Important Figure of His Age Essay

… Augustine of Hippo was one of the most important men of his era, and is still one of the most influential men in ours. The body of thought that he established both in the realm of philosophy and Western Christianity is second to none in his era, and his thoughts and conclusions are still read, discussed, and debated today. Perhaps his most famous single quote is the prayer of his that he recalls in his Confessions, "Give me chastity and continence, but do not give it yet," which establishes him as something of a wit in the popular imagination, but this does not begin to plumb the depth and intensity of his thinking.

One of Augustine's major contributions to Christian doctrine was his condemnation of…. [read more]


Saint Augustine the Confessions Term Paper

… Confessions

Augustine's attitude to storytelling and classical literature in his "Confessions"

Augustine was the son of a pagan father and a devout Christian mother. He struggled between embracing both of their contradictory attitudes in his own life. His attitude to reading the mythology of the past, such as the "Aeneid" of Virgil was initially a perceived conflict between the pagan and Christian, between what he saw as sophisticated and attractive storytelling and the initially less attractive, simple morality of the heart. Eventually, through reading, and telling his own spiritual story, Augustine was able to find Christianity the more sustaining moral philosophy of the two worlds offered to him.

Augustine came to regards pagan writings as inferior versions of Christian beliefs. "For what can be more…. [read more]


Greek/Hellenistic Tradition Augustine View Essay

… So, finding happiness is not in having a social life, but rather finding happiness can only be sought through society if all of the citizens of that society submit to that type of rule. "The peace of body and soul is the duly ordered life and health of a living creature; peace between mortal man and God is an ordered obedience, in faith, in subjection to an everlasting law" (Augustine 870). The only way that society could help someone on the path toward Supreme Good is if everyone were on the same page, essentially, but Augustine knew that this was not the case.

Augustine also took up issues with the mind-body dilemma. In Phaedo, we are given an account of Socrates' death that shows us…. [read more]


Machiavelli's the Prince Plato's Republic St. Augustine's City of God Term Paper

… ¶ … Machiavelli's, 'The Prince' and St. Augustine's 'City of God'

The objective of this study is to examine the similarities and differences in Machiavelli's 'The Prince' and St. Augustine's 'City of God' in terms of their similarities and differences in their ideal way to rule and how their works were a product of the world around them. This study begins with a brief review of each of these books and then compares and contrasts the two works.

Machiavelli -- the Prince

Machiavelli's work 'The Prince' begins by stating the various types of principalities in the world and how they have acquired the means by which to be considered a principality stating that principalities are of two types: (1) being hereditary; or (2) being new.…. [read more]


Religion Augustine: Divine Grace and Free Will Term Paper

… Religion

Augustine: Divine Grace and Free Will

One of the Doctors of the Church, St. Augustine's teachings have been profoundly influential since earliest times. In particular, St. Augustine expounded upon the relationship between Divine Grace and human Free Will and the roles that the two did, or did not play, in the achievement of individual human salvation.

The argument represented a major doctrinal dispute of Augustine's day, most notably between his own teachings and those of Pelagius. The ideas of Pelagius, which taught that Divine Grace was not the sole necessity for achieving salvation, were ultimately condemned as heretical at the Council of Carthage in 418. Augustine himself believed that Divine Grace, above all, was essential for the salvation of human beings; that men and…. [read more]


Reason, God and Religion Term Paper

… It is indivisible and it is everything in power. It is immutable and never departs from its own nature through multiplication (1 x 1 = 1). All that is intelligible and cannot be engendered exists in it: the nature of ideas, God himself, the soul, the beautiful and the good, and every intelligible essence, such as beauty itself, justice itself, equality itself, for we conceive of each of these things as being one and as existing in itself." (Page IX)

This helps us understand how Plato used some Pythagorean views to develop his understanding of the existence of God. He also maintained that God can only be truly discerned by philosophers beause they were in a better postion to understand what he called 'forms'. These…. [read more]


Plotinus, Augustine, Aquinas the School Essay

… In Augustine's writings, he bounded the idea of wisdom and provided the link between God's inner essence and the essence of human life.

St. Thomas Aquinas takes to the Neoplatonist ideas as well, further expanding and clarifying the works provided by both Plotinus and St. Augustine. Aquinas believed in the "Divina Potentia," the "power of God" (Schall, 1997). He believed that God's existence was "neither obvious nor unprovable," though he gave five reasons for his existence: God is simple, God is perfect, God is infinite, God is immutable, and God is one. "God has an internal life that seems itself social or containing within it an otherness" (Schall, 1997). As far as the creation of nature and humankind went, Aquinas believed -- just like Augustine…. [read more]


Saint Augustine Confessions Term Paper

… Augustine's Confessions

Augustine's Confessed Friendships

Augustine, who eventually became the bishop of Hippo, was far from being a solitary individual. Throughout his life he had numerous and unusually intense friendships, and it has been said that Augustine almost never spent even a moment alone. (Sellner) So it would be inaccurate to suggest that Augustine thought poorly of the institution of friendship, or that he tended to replace earthly affections with heavenly one. All accounts suggest that Augustine was both a very sociable individual and a deeply committed friend. Yet despite valuing friendship very highly, Augustine seems to see friendship as a potential source of evil and as (in some circumstances) an expression of evil. At points Augustine seems to suggest that the very power that…. [read more]


Sons of God in Genesis Term Paper

… As the translations of the word son have shown, there are many meanings attributed to the word, but nowhere in the Bible is there any reference to a consort for God, and so, these "sons" must be human, placed on Earth by God to do his work, but not "of" God in the physical sense. However, in several references, the Catholics uphold the belief that the "Sons of God" are the angels - his messengers on Earth with their home in the heavens. These are not the views of all, however, and most modern translators and experts believe that the "Sons of God" enjoy a special relationship with the Creator, but are human in all form and action.

In addition, Chapter 112 of Psalms seems…. [read more]


Augustine Relates the Common Human Term Paper

… My form wasted away, and I became corrupt in thy eyes, yet I was still pleasing to my own eyes -- and eager to please the eyes of men." (Book 2, Ch I)

Learning from this is the lesson that Augustine also wants to impart to his readers. He has learned and repented from his adolescent sinfulness. Indeed, it is with a sense of gratefulness and finally found peace that Augustine fully converts to Christianity:

"O good God, what happens in a man to make him rejoice more at the salvation of a soul that has been despaired of and then delivered from greater danger than over one who has never lost hope, or never been in such imminent danger? (Book 8, Ch. III).

The…. [read more]


Does God Exist? Essay

… Existence of God

The debate about the existence of God is probably one of the most ancient ones. However, the supporters of either side have not been able to convince each other since the ones who believe that God exists have a lot of faith in this claim and those who believe that God does not exist are very firm about it. It will not be wrong to say that the belief that whether or not God exists is a matter of religion and also a matter of personal choice. In every religion including Islam, Christianity and Hinduism, to name a few, the followers believe that there is a God who they worship and who takes care of them. They always ask their God for…. [read more]


Augustine's Main Problem Term Paper

… But if nothing could harm you, that removes any ground for combat [between good and evil], and indeed combat under such conditions that some portion of you, one of your members, or an offspring of your very substance, is mingled with hostile powers and with natures not created by you, and is corrupted by them and so changed for the worse that it is altered from beatitude to misery and needs help to deliver or purify it (VII.ii.3).

3. What made Augustine give up on astrology? Compare what he says about astrology in book VII with what he says about it in book IV, Chapter 3.

Augustine gave up on astrology because of an argument that Firminus presented to him. Previous to this, he regularly…. [read more]


Philosophy of St. Augustine Term Paper

… This is Augustine's strategy. If evil is not a thing, then the case against Christianity stated in the original syllogism is unsound because one of its premises is false. The critical question is: What is evil?

There is no single cause of evil; rather, everyone who does evil is the cause of his own evildoing."

Central to Augustine's idea of goodness and, evil was the notion of being. To Augustine, anything that had being was good. God as the ground of being was perfectly good, along with everything he brought into being. This goodness was a property that came in varying degrees.

Doing evil is nothing but turning away from learning."

Augustine observed that evil always injures, and such injury is a deficiency of good.…. [read more]


God and Humanity Term Paper

… God and Humanity

Remembering God

Our heart is restless until it rests in you," (Augustine 3), many nations throughout history have believed that man had an innate connection with the divine. This belief is that we are born with the knowledge of God, but forget these essentially lessons in our experiences as men. Plato, the philosophers known as the Stoics, and later the Christian theologies of St. Augustine all portray a natural relationship between man and God, that must be remembered through religious devotion and knowledge of the natural world. Plato began a tradition of recording man's desire to learn about the immaterial and formless divine, therefore becoming one with it. Plato, however, believed that this knowledge was new to the human mind, which was…. [read more]


Augustine as Mentor Augustine's Influence Book Review

… Some of the demonstrations of Augustine's humility, such as his willingness to reconcile with a compatriot who had alternative views on theological issues, are fairly elucidating, and do well to further the author's analysis of Augustine's humility -- particularly when this tendency of his is measured against the eight characteristics of a mentor.

The most enduring way in which Augustine was able to propagate his efforts at mentorship, of course, was through his writing. Smither takes great pains to demonstrate that this fact was perhaps the most influential means in which Augustine's presence and his theological beliefs would be perpetuated for posterity. The author points out the prudence of Augustine's cataloging of his writings into a formal library (Smither 2009, 256) that have been preserved…. [read more]


Augustine Medical, Inc Research Proposal

… Augustine Medical must determine how to price their new Bear Hugger thermal system, used to treat hypothermic post-op patients. Several factors will play into the decision. In preliminary surveys, response to the system was positive but it was indicated that price will be a factor in purchase decisions. The most direct competitive product is marketed at $4,000 in England, but is not available in the U.S. market. Water-based competitors are priced between $2,999 and $4,735. The Bear Hugger represents superior technology to the water-based competitors. Competitors offering disposable blankets price them between $20 and $24.

Another factor of importance is the limit for independent purchasing decisions. Any capital purchases over an average of $1,500 are subject to approval from budget committees. Thus, if Augustine prices…. [read more]


Confessions of Saint Augustine Carefully Book Review

… An alert reader could surmise that this document was written not just as a letter to God but as a letter to humanity over the subsequent years.

It is easy to believe that St. Augustine knew his manuscript would survive for many centuries because he was aware that the quality of his writing surpassed most of what was being written during his era. He offers beautifully crafted prose in the process of explaining that when he first went to Carthage his main occupation was making love, interrupting professors' lectures, going to the theatre and generally wasting time with frivolity. Any writer can provide descriptive narrative embracing the times when he or she was evil and inconsiderate; but the way in which Augustine describes his life…. [read more]


Augustine and Aquinas: The Influence of Platonic Essay

… ¶ … Augustine and Aquinas: The Influence of Platonic and Aristotelian Thought

According to St. Augustine, one of the greatest sins of his early life was his love of classical, pagan philosophy. Augustine traces his early sinfulness not simply to his crimes of fornication and stealing pears as a young boy, but also to his belief in the superiority of Latin classical rhetorical works over the Christian words of the Bible. However, he did acknowledge the pagan neo-Platonists who had influenced his thought. In fact, in his Confessions, Augustine writes that it was studying the neo-Platonists that enabled him to break away from the erroneous, heretical teachings of the erroneous, heretical teachings of the Manicheans. It was the neo-Platonists "that first made it possible for…. [read more]


Faith and Reason Irreconcilable Term Paper

… Though this new system demonstrated again the ideation of an assumed reconciliation between faith and reason it also gave insight into the future, i.e. one where the natural sciences and empirical though dominated western philosophy.[footnoteRef:9] [9: Grant. p 36.]

John Scotus Eriugena (c 810-877) the Irish philosopher and theologian who went to France to serve the court of King Charles the Bald, is one of the most significant early European thinkers emphasizing reason. In his great work, On the Division of Nature, Eriugena declares: "For authority proceeds from true reason, but reason certainly does not proceed from authority. For every authority which is not upheld by true reason is seen to be weak, whereas true reason is kept firm and immutable by her own powers…. [read more]

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