Viewing papers 1-28 of 28 for autism spectrum disorder: the keys to diagnosing

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Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Keys to Diagnosing Thesis

… Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Keys to Diagnosing Early

Autism is a spectrum disorder, characterized as such for the broad array of symptoms and developmental possibilities reflected in those who suffer there from. At its core definition, autism is qualified as such by a "qualitative impairment in social interaction" which may result in an individual with severe impairment in any combination of conditions including notable impairments in nonverbal communicational ability and posturing, an incapacity to development meaningful personal relationships, an apparent disinterest in formulating relationships or engaging others collaboratively and a distinct absence in the expression of emotional attachment. (ANI, 1) To a more specific definition, we may refer to the notation that "autism is diagnosed on the basis of abnormalities in the areas of social…. [read more]


Complementary and Alternative Medical Methods Research Proposal

… The Opioid-Excess Theory alleges ASD can result from disruptions to this process. According to the theory, some individuals suffer from inadequate production of gluten- and casein-related digestive enzymes, and increased gut permeability. Without adequate levels of digestive enzymes, peptides derived from gluten and casein fails to become amino acids in large numbers. Increased gut permeability then allows the peptides to leak into the blood stream, where they circulate and eventually cross the brain -- blood barrier. Symptoms of ASD are theorized to result from peptides' attaching to opioid neuro-receptors." (p.2)

Stated to be another variable implicated in ASD is "urinary peptide levels (UPLs)." (Mulloy, et al., 2011, p.2) Specifically it is stated that if children with ASD "are not turning peptides into amino acids, then…. [read more]


Autism the Neural Development Research Paper

… Autism

The neural development of someone with autism is not the same as the neural development of those who do not have the disorder (Caronna, Milunsky, & Tager-Flusberg, 2008; Piggot, et al., 2009; Shattuck, et al., 2009). Those who have autism struggle with communication, and they may also show significant (or relatively minor) social impairment. Behaviors are restricted and repetitive in many cases, as well, and people with autism have trouble controlling those behaviors (Shattuck, et al., 2009).

Generally, the symptoms of autism are seen in children that are younger than three, and newer diagnostic options are catching autism and related disorders more quickly than in the past (Caronna, Milunsky, & Tager-Flusberg, 2008). This is very good news for parents, and for their children who…. [read more]


Autism Is a Developmental Disorder Literature Review

… In this way, they can play an influential role when it comes to the implementation of an education plan as per the child's requirements. However, the role and participation of parents may vary on the basis of their own expertise, educational background, the time they take out and other various factors. At many occasions, parents often lack the knowledge about their child because of which they might be unable to communicate or help even in the case of their dissatisfaction with the learning approach being adopted. For this reason, in order to deal with the legal difficulties which arise between parents and the school, IDEA has included the provision of providing procedural safeguards which was made a part of the act at the time when…. [read more]


Autistic Children and the Effects on the Family Thesis

… Autistic Children and the Effect on the Family

AUTISTIC CHILDREN and the EFFECTS on the FAMILY

Autism is a disease that has a major impact upon the family of the child with this disorder, which include emotional, functional, social, financial, as well as others, which will be related in this study. The precise cause of Autism is not known however, researchers are examining the genetic and environmental causes and some state a belief that autism is likely a disorder that is biologically based. However, recently there have been reports, which address the potential of vaccines to cause this disorder as the number of children diagnosed as being Autistic has increased over recent years. Behavioral modification is the most prominent form of treatment being utilized presently…. [read more]


Autism: Diagnosis, Intervention, and Social Adjustment Literature Review

… Autism: Diagnosis, Intervention, And Social Adjustment

This literature review is a comprehensive introduction of autism to people with little or no specialized knowledge. The review, including a clear summary of existing knowledge on the condition, addresses the complexity of autism, assessing practical issues such as diagnosis, intervention, and social adjustment. In addition, it will examine how all research into autism should have the eventual goal of increasing the well-being and career development of those persons affected by the disorder. The results can provide parents, teachers, and clinical trainees with a heightened awareness, and prompt them to a possible reevaluation of the subject, since it neatly synthesizes historic and current findings on autism.

Thesis

As is the case for all serious illnesses and detrimental conditions, early…. [read more]


Autism in Children and Adults of AUSTRALIA1 Essay

… Autism

Description/definition of condition (onset and course)

Onset

Epidemiology of Autism

Incidence/Prevalence

Operationalization/Classifications

Neuroanatomical changes

Management, intervention and rehabilitation of condition

Neurological syndromes are illnesses of the peripheral and central nervous system. Autism is considered to be a part of this neurological syndrome that involves developmental disability. This disability shows up in children as part of their first three years of life. Research shows that Autism has been recognized as affecting the development of social and communication capabilities. Furthermore, the statistics show that about one in every five hundred children will more than likely be diagnosed with the Autism disorder. With that said, this essay will talk about the diagnosis, treatment incidence/prevalence, operationalization/classifications and neuropathology of autism.

Description/definition of condition (onset and course)

Autism spectrum…. [read more]


Autism's Psychometric Assessment Essay

… It is a consensus-based suggestion ((Pandolfi et al., 2010).

Within the field of autism assessment, two documents have revolutionized the criteria for best practices. These 2 documents belong to New York department of health and American Neurology Academy. The New York Health Department (1999) drafted a board to create a guideline for clinical practice related to diagnosis as well as therapy programs aimed at autistic individuals. Similarly, Filipek et al. (1999) belonging to the American Neurology Academy headed a board of experts from different fields of medicine. They passed on their suggestions for not only premature screening but also assessment standards along with extensive therapeutic programs.

Standard Psychometric Assessments for Autism

Pandolfi et al. (2010) in his study point out that DSM-IV criteria are called…. [read more]


Characteristics of Asperger Syndrome and Coping Strategies Research Paper

… Asperger Syndrome

Asperger's Disorder -- also referred to as Asperger syndrome (AS) -- is essentially a "…chronic neurodevelopmental disorder" that limits the afflicted person's ability to have normal social interaction and communication, according to an article in the journal, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (Woodbury-Smith, et al., 2009, p. 2). While AS is not associated with the problems resulting from intellectual disability, Woodbury-Smith emphasizes that AS is viewed as a "severe social disability" and in some cases there are "associated mental health and other medical problems" that can (and do) persist throughout life (p. 2).

The authors of this article point to some of the difficulties that result from AS, including the fact that diagnosis of AS is frequently delayed and that causes additional problems…. [read more]


Evolution of Autism Research Paper

… ¶ … pathways that research about autism is currently taking. A brief summary of each article will be given and an evaluation of the historical evolution of the diagnosis and treatment of autism will be discussed.

A 2006 treatise on autism discussed that dating back to the 1970's, the primary cause given for autism has deemed to be genes. However, there has been a notable shift since that time that indicates that environmental factors may also play a role. Regardless, no clear cause has been identified and this would include any particular genes. Indeed, Szpir (2006) noted that "the identity of the genes involved, much less how they produce ASD's, has not been established." However, something that strongly indicates a genetic link is that identical…. [read more]


IEP Development Lesson Research Paper

… As such, there needs to be adjustments to both his environment at school, but also in the home in order to facilitate the highest rate of development towards greater progress. Still, since the classroom is more of a controllable environment, it will be key to make certain adjustments to his daily activities and immediate surroundings.

Cody must open up to more social interaction and less dependence on routine and ritual. Thus, he must have very different daily activities that will help him work on his temper tantrums during transitions from one activity to another. This may include giving Cody more time to prepare for a transition to another activity. Additionally, the special needs assistant will work with Cody on cleaning up his activity and preparing…. [read more]


Dance Therapy to Help an Autistic Child Term Paper

… Dance Therapy to Help an Autistic Child Communicate

Twenty years ago, 14 in 10,000 children suffered from autism and related disorders. Currently, the number totals four times as many children, six in 1,000. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, four times as many boys as girls are likely to be suffer with autism, generally diagnosed by age 3.

Although no cure currently exists for autism, with therapy (and, in some instances medication), some individuals with this disorder obtain independence; attend college; get married and have families. "Others remain trapped by their symptoms, which can often include self-destructive behaviors like head-banging or hand-flapping." (Lamas)

Personal Accounts Donna Rosinski's son Alex, was diagnosed with autism when he was 8-year-old. Rosinski wrote in 2001: "His…. [read more]


Autism Spectrum in Canada Essay

… While changes have taken place, and made it easier for autistic children to receive help in Canada, there is still problems in getting enough services. "Parents vividly described the stresses of caring for their children . . . policymakers in turn struggled to balance the needs of all children. Yet participants agreed on the need for more comprehensive services across the spectrum" (Shepherd & Waddell, 2015, p. 3550).

In terms of perspective, Canadians with autistic children have had to endure several obstacles in getting help for services but also dealing with the stigma of ignorance. That same article details attitudes from policymakers that autism was not the kind of illness that required early intervention. It was because of the efforts of the parents with autistic…. [read more]


Bipolar I Disorder Research Paper

… 125). This would be especially true for a patient with cyclothymia or bipolar 2 disorders, rather than bipolar 1 disorder, given that the latter's manic episodes are particularly severe and warranting attention. Still, a patient experiencing a manic episode might not seek treatment as readily as a patient with a depressive episode, leading the psychiatrist to conclude that depression is the prevailing problem. Underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis might also be related to "clinicians' inadequate understanding of manic symptoms, from patients' impaired insight into mania, and especially from failure to involve family members or third parties in the diagnostic process," (Ghaemi & Goodwin, 2002, p. 125). The concept of bipolar spectrum of illnesses, as opposed to a monolithic bipolar classification, has been helpful in increasing awareness of…. [read more]


Observations: ASD Term Paper

… Clinical Journal Observation Entries: Autism and Related Disorders

Today, I spent time with a boy named A.L.A.L has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although A.L. is verbal, he has many difficulties with social interactions. He never initiates play-related activities with other students. Most of his play is focused on repetitive actions, such as lining up a series of Hot Wheels cars according to color and shape. He will speak if questioned, but only monosyllabically. Also, his responses frequently do not make sense or reflect any real listening skills. For example, when I saw him playing with the cars, I asked him what was his favorite car and he merely replied "yes." A.L. was not aggressive or hostile; when other children walked over to…. [read more]


Learning Disability Students Research Proposal

… Inclusion for Children With Autism: Both Sides of the Story

For the past several decades, full classroom inclusion has been the standard for the education of children with learning disabilities. This practice is based on the belief that inclusion in the regular classroom setting will automatically result in positive outcomes for the learning disabled student, as they will seek to mimic the behaviors of the general school population. This may be true for some learning disabilities. However, for children with autism, evidence is mounting that inclusion may have a destructive effect on their ability to socialize and learn. The proposed research will explore the effects of inclusion for the child with autism and its impact on the student.

Problem Rationale and Statement

The Individuals with…. [read more]


Ethnicity in Stafford, Virginia Living Research Paper

… In many ways, this form of everyday racism is the most dangerous and the hardest to combat.

I was very touched by this story and appalled that it could occur in my own backyard. I have known people with autism. Many commentators have stated that the police could not have known that Latson was Autistic when they approached him and would not have understood that his behavior was characteristic of someone with the disorder. Rather, they would have seen him as a young man refusing to give information and then resisting arrest. I can accept that statement, but the racial comments and slurs cannot be attributed to misunderstanding. The officers have denied making any such comments and have stated that Latson is lying. This too…. [read more]


Asperger Syndrome) Essay

… In order for Mark's parents to be able to effectively care for the child, they have to accept the special circumstances they are in and to try to focus on providing Mark with the chance to enjoy life. What is especially problematic in a case of a child with Asperger is the fact that parents can often feel like they need to consider their child to be no different from any other person. Simply ignoring the obvious can have a devastating effect on the child, as he or she can risk not being able to actually enjoy his or her life.

Summary of the selected disability

The number of cases involving individuals diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome has experienced a significant increase in recent years. This…. [read more]


Asperger's Syndrome About Sixty-Five Years Ago Hans Thesis

… Asperger's Syndrome

About sixty-five years ago Hans Asperger put forward a description of a distinct profile of abilities and behaviors in young children that he called "autistic psychopathy" - which means autism ("self") and psychopathy ("personality disease"). Asperger termed children who had the syndrome "little professors" because they had the skill to discuss topics in deep detail. The Web site www.Spiritus-Temporis.comexplains that both Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger worked on defining what is now known as Asperger's Syndrome, but that Asperger was more "positive" in his assessment of the malady "due to the political climate at the time." That political climate was the Nazi regime, a fascist government that was known to be intolerant of weakness and disabilities.

Asperger is believed to have suffered from…. [read more]


Educational Psychology Essay

… 210)

One of the problems that Wolf cites in both the theory and praxis of applied behavioral analysis (and its close cousin cognitive behavioral therapy) that has remained an issue in the intervening decades is that because this technique is focused on the observable, there is no way for either a clinician or a researcher to make an accurate assessment of the internal state of a subject.

Behavioral researchers have reported many examples of a lack of correspondence between client-reported data and observer-obtained data. Patterson (personal communication, 1974) for example, described discrepancies between parental reports of improvements in the child's behavior, while objective data obtained by observers did not support these claims. Conrad and Wincze (1976) reported that clients undergoing orgasmic reconditioning verbally reported favorable…. [read more]


Attachment Theory & Self-Psychology Dissertation

… The "Growing" Process



Overview of the Study



Clinical Case Study Dissertation Structure



The Rationale for Clinical Case Study Dissertation



Diverse Contentions



Emotional Abuse/Maltreatment



Winnicott's Relational Model Theory



Bowlby's Attachment Theory



Kohut's Self-Psychology



CASE PRESENTATION



Theoretical Basis for Case



Conceptualization



Winnicott's Relational Model Theory



Bowlby's Attachment Theory



Kohut's Self-Psychology



CHAPTER IV:



Shania's Presenting Problems



Early Stage: Development of Therapeutic Relationship and the Holding



Environment



Middle Stage: Transference and Counter-transferenceread more--> [read more]


Mindful vs. Traditional Martial Arts Thesis

… , 2001). As the existing research is largely limited to teenagers who are beyond the prime window of opportunity for prevention or early intervention efforts, this study will focus on children age 8-12, where early connections may inoculate at-risk students and set them on a more favorable trajectory. Terrence Webster-Doyle (personal communication, July 1, 2011) illuminates that by effectively challenging the self-imposed limits of each child, students will quickly realize that they can accomplish much more than they ever thought possible. Essentially, this parallels the old adage that we are each our own worst enemy -- the biggest fight for each of us, regardless of age, is within.

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

Mindfulness psychotherapies are considered the third wave of behavior therapy, preceded by cognitive…. [read more]


Life Skills Students in Special Education Term Paper

… Life Skills Classes and Special Education

Do life skills classes in the special education classroom produce more functional adults after graduation?

Daily living skills such as how to prepare meals, manage a checking account, dress oneself, housekeeping tasks and skills such as these are something that most take for granted. However, for the special needs student, these skills might not come naturally. They need to be taught many of these daily skills in order to become a functional adult. Special needs students need formal training and special instruction to learn these essential living skills. Some states require life skills to be taught as a part of the student's formal educational curriculum. However, the success of these programs is controversial and there are those that claim…. [read more]


Kinesthetics Movement in the Classroom Research Proposal

… Kinesthetic Intelligence -- and Kinesthetic Learning for Every Child

Most educators are aware that there are different styles of learning. However, this does not mean that they are equally aware of each different style or are equally good at honoring each style of learning. Teachers seem to be able to integrate visual and auditory styles of learning with relative ease. This should not be surprising given that both visual and auditory elements have been a part of traditional pedagogical techniques for decades. However, teachers are probably less likely to include a full range of kinesthetic learning tools. Again, this should not be surprising given that learning-through-movement is something that is in many ways alien to traditional teaching and classroom-management techniques. Indeed, a glimpse into most…. [read more]


Reading Education Special Needs Case Study

… The word list and story were read back a minimum of three times to force familiarity with all of the words and thoughts.

Step 2 was a focus on the sound of unfamiliar and letter sounds. The famous 'hooked On Phonics' approach was used in order to apply a tried and true methodology to this process. The key was to establish which sounds were familiar and which sounds were new. The approach was to focus on the sounds not known. If the letter 'b' was not known, then a list of one syllable 'b' words was reviewed until the connection of the sound and letter was established. This was then stepped up to distinguishing consonants and vowels. Simple words like 'tap' for the vowel practice…. [read more]


RTI Response to Intervention Term Paper

… In short, early childhood educators as a group may be more focused on basic skill development and more accustomed to flexible and responsive service delivery than their elementary school counterparts. Therefore, it seems possible that RTI would be more readily accepted in early childhood, as it likely represents less of a philosophical or pedagogical shift at the preschool level.

Principles of RTI

Four key principles that consistently appear in models of RTI include the procedure of (1) entire screening of students in the school to detect the ones who are at risk of low academic performance, (2) a school wide, multi-tiered approach to prevent such school failure, (3) continuous monitoring of progress (hereafter progress monitoring) to document a student's progress (or lack thereof) and to…. [read more]


Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)



One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]


Manifestations of Dyslexia Term Paper

… Manifestations of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is considered to be an hereditary and genetic neurobiological disorder (Dyslexia, fluency, and the brain, 1999) whose symptoms frequently include, but are not limited to, difficulties with learning to read, write, spell, and to master various other tasks associated with auditory processing and the learning and usage of (particularly written) language (What is Dyslexia (2005); Dyslexia symptoms and Dyslexia signs (2005); The nature of Dyslexia (2005).

According to the International Dyslexia Association (2002):

Dyslexia... is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities. These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result of generalized…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.