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Art Movement Dada the Phenomenon Research Paper

… 99).

The second, notable tenet of Dadaism is its unmistakable, albeit utopian politicization of art, which, under any conditions, must not be ignored. There are, of course, many interpretations relating to this aspect. Benjamin's theories of "distraction" and "emancipation" offered a good starting point for the discussion of Dada's political momentum. We have analyzed art's promotion of political ideas in its special historical context, interpreting this tenet as a result not only of a special political situation, but also mainly as a result of Dada's anti-modernistic nature. Ultimately, we have also emphasized the apparent contradictions that emerge from this surprising association between anti-modernistic nihilism and utopian politics.

Works cited

Benjamin, Walter. The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproductibility and Other Writings…. [read more]

Art One-Point Linear Perspective Research Paper

… Conclusion

The conventions of single point perspective are often presumed to be essential to a 'good' work of art. However, this is only relatively true for a brief period in Western history. The reason for the acceptance of this convention is linked to the rise of science, the secular spirit of the Renaissance and ideals of a detailed representation of reality, among many other factors and variables in Western history. However, this convention has been deeply questioned by modern artists, especially if we take into account the rise of abstract art in the Twentieth Century.

The history of art is however not simple or linear. While perspective has been critiqued by modern artists who wish to extend the boundaries of perceived reality and its representation,…. [read more]

History of Western Art Since the 15th Century Term Paper

… History Of Western Art Since the 15th Century

History of Western Art since the 13th Century

Throughout the centuries the history of Western art has been continually evolving. Part of the reason for this, is because the different influences would cause a shift in the various impressions that were created. To fully understand how Western art was influenced since the 13th century requires: comparing the stylistic qualities of Lacoon and His Sons to the Weighting of Souls, contrasting the stylistic qualities of the 13th century Bible with Christ Entering Jerusalem, determining the significance of Renaissance confidence and analyzing the canvases of the Bruegel's paintings. Together, these different elements will provide the greatest insights as to how Western art has evolved since the 13th century.

Compare…. [read more]

Art the Renaissance Heralded in an Entirely Term Paper

… Art

The Renaissance heralded in an entirely new tradition of art form during the 14th and 15th centuries, with a wide variety of painters, poets, writers and architects that literally and figuratively saw the world in a different light from the dark and dismal Middle Ages. Humanism developed in Italy in the field of literature, once again honoring the Greek and Latin classics for their scholarship and moral ethics. The humanists emphasized an enormous confidence in the power of reason as a source to understand human nature and its place in the world's order (Art: A World History, 215). The Reformation, a religious revolution with an emphasis on individual faith, was promoted by individuals or "protestors" such as Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin and…. [read more]

Basic History of Western Art Term Paper

… ¶ … History of Western Art

Donatello's David is a clear influence of the classical style over the Renaissance art. The sculpture features a nude representation of carefully studied anatomy that depicts a certain level of feminity. It reminds of the Greek pursuit for beauty and realistic representation of the human figure, as well as the illustration of a major biblical event. It is an important work of art of the Renaissance period that shows a clear vision of the ideology of an era, where the religious crisis of the Christian church was bringing new solutions for society. On one hand, because of the many conflicts the church had over the middle ages period that resulted in a loss of spiritual faith from the people,…. [read more]

Ancient Egyptian Art Term Paper

… Visual Arts of Africa and the African Diaspora From Ancient Egyptian Art to Contemporary Times

Thutmosis III wearing the Atef crown.

From the Temple of Amun at Deir el-Bahri (mid-15th c. B.C.)

Toussaint l'Overture Series 1937 by Jacob Lawrence

From Rhapsodies in Black)

First, in response to the questions concerning the rules of creating a Works Cited list and its function in academic writing, as well as what an Annotated Bibliography and its value is:

What is an Annotated Bibliography and what is its value in academic writing?

Annotated Bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform…. [read more]

History of the Tattoo Term Paper

… ¶ … origins of this art form and how tattoos have endured through time. The art of tattoo has been practiced around the world for thousands of years, especially in the Polynesian islands, where tattoo has been a way of life for at least 2000 years. Today, tattoos are hip again, after remaining under the radar for decades. They are more intricate and detailed than ever, but they are still one of the most personal forms of art that a person can engage in, and they are permanent, so they create an enduring history of the art when tattoo artists create them.

While there were some ancient tribes in Europe who practiced tattooing, the practice really died out there, but it was always strong in…. [read more]

Abstract Expressionist Painting Artistic Research Paper

… [8: Ibid. ]

The following piece is an excellent example of Rothko's reductionist forms. The piece is entitied "White, Red on Yellow" and is an excellent example of reductivism and the use of color to create a dramatic impact. It is a simplistic looking painting upon first glance. However, these paintings were not meant to be viewed in passing. One is supposed to sit and contemplate them, to see if an emotion arose As the viewer continues to gaze at the painting, they begin to notice the fabulous subtelties of the painting that are not apparent at first glance or if the painting is viewed from far away. One begins to notice tha the top square is not white, but is instead muted tones of…. [read more]

Figurine of the Goddess Wadjet Term Paper

… Her mouth is closed but her eyes are open and facing forward. In sculpting her body, the artist placed the figure in a position where it looks like she has been frozen mid-stride, as if she was taken in the middle of a swift motion. The figure, although stationary, still gives off a sense of motion and movement. Her legs are positioned one in front of the other, but her feet are oddly placed. The back foot is directly behind the front, even though the leg seems to be farther apart. One arm is down at the figure's side while the other is raised. Based on the position of her hand, it is possible that the figure once held a staff or something which has…. [read more]

Fine Art Iconography and Form Research Proposal

… Iconography in Art: The Halo

The halo is a much older religious icon than many people realize, dating back at least as far as the Ancient Egyptians (Lope, 2002). Halos are also readily apparent in many Buddhist and Hindu works of art, and has also been a staple of Christian iconography since the religion itself began (Lope, 2002). This widespread and remarkably disparate yet similar use is strong evidence that the halo -- also known as a nimbus or areole -- is one of the most ancient and universal object of iconography in the world. A halo can be nothing more than a circle around an object or person, often around the head, but the simplicity of the symbol contains its profoundness.

Halos are typically…. [read more]

Why Does Mcclound Subtitle His Book "This Invisible Art Creative Writing

… Invisible Art

Originally published in 1993, Scott McCloud's Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art, has become one of the more fundamental primary sources surrounding the history, development and theoretical analysis of the art of comics. The basic idea surrounding the book is that comics are a serious communications medium and art form, not simply relying only on humor to tell a story, but as a commentary on society, culture, politics, and human foibles. Certainly not everyone agrees with McCloud's assumptions, but the idea that comics are iconic in the way they present stories and rhetoric, unique because the reader interjects their own viewpoints and "settings" in between panels (Horrocks).

The reason behind the subtitle, "The Invisible Art," which is sometimes used in film jargon as well,…. [read more]

History of Native Americans Essay

… 3. What is the Indian Reorganization Act or "Indian New Deal"?

The Indian New Deal or the Indian Reorganization Act could be recognized as the only dazzling mark by which the United States' administration treated the minorities elegantly (Roberts).

The Indian New Deal terminated the Allotment Act and reconsolidate the reservation lands for Native Americans so that they could be restored to the communal society. The next step that was taken was the organization of the Native American tribes as a corporation. This New Deal also reformed the education for the minorities. The federal government was asked to allocate more funds to schools for the accommodation of a higher number of native children. The encouragement of Native Americans' traditional art and craft was also a…. [read more]

Art Historian W.J.T. Mitchell Asserted Term Paper

… Combined with his attachment to the Catalan heritage, Miro sought a certain universality in expression. In 1918, he found this thread of commonality in landscape, to which he devoted himself. He was particularly thrilled by the areas of Montroig, where he reproduced a "calligraphy" with his brush, a lyrical stroke "blade of grass by blade of grass, tile by tile."

In 1920, Paris became his temporary home, and as he traveled there annually, he sought to integrate the urbane conversation he culled into his bucolic landscapes and home in Barcelona. He developed dual identities, the Parisian and the Catalan, and it was in his landscapes that he found the unity for which he, like so many other binational Europeans, struggled. In The Tilled Field, he…. [read more]

Basic History of Western Art Term Paper

… Art History

What conclusions can you draw about the social, political, economic and aesthetic values of the 3 cultures (Prehistoric, Ancient, Egyptian) if all you had was their art on which to base your interpretation?

With prehistoric art, circa 30,000 years ago, by looking at the cave paintings found in southern France and northern Spain, particularly at Altamira and Lascaux, it is clear that the art had special meaning. Socially, artifacts found in these caves suggest they were gathering places where the social bond was reaffirmed and strengthened. Aesthetically, the paintings found in these caves suggest that the artists celebrated some type of religious or pagan rites, probably most closely linked to hunting and food gathering. With ancient art, circa 6000 B.C.E., the best example…. [read more]

Gender and Art Term Paper

… (Campbell, 2013)


Clearly, understanding gender and modern art requires instilling a deeper connection with the individual. This is taking place by focusing on them and teaching them the importance of key concepts. These elements will offer a better understanding of key shifts and the influence they are having on stakeholders. Moreover, modern art helps everyone to forge opinions about themselves and who they are. These insights are important, as they are showing how modern art is a way of assisting the person to grow. This means that there are changes in the way gender is represented in a host of works.


Adams, E. (2007). After the Rain. Ann Arbor, MI: Proquest.

Barnes, R. (2002). Teaching Art to Young Children. New York, NY: Springer.…. [read more]

History of Rosicrucian Order Thesis

… History Of the Rosicrucian Order

Despite being one of the oldest esoteric societies, the Rosicrucian Order remains one of the most mysterious and least well-known of the various groups that arose in Europe over the course of the second millennium. Although Rosicrucianism was one of the key influences on the development of Freemasonry, and, as will be discussed in the findings chapter of this study, has played an important role in the development of Western culture and society, its history, symbols, and legacy have frequently been overshadowed by more popular alchemical and metaphysical movements. For example, while most Americans know that many of the founding fathers were Freemasons, fewer likely know that the first governor of Connecticut was deeply interested in Rosicrucianism from an early…. [read more]

Art of War by Sun Research Paper

… g. 60:40, 70:30, or 80:20), then mastering the terrain and exploiting the advantages conferred by the weather can become very important in tilting the odds. In other words, if the general of a smaller army is able to use the terrain and weather to his advantage, he can definitely increase his odds of winning against a larger army.

Clearly, the United States cleverly exploited the weather, terrain and people factors (tian shi di li ren he? ) to their maximum advantage. Similarly, in business, it is extremely difficult for a small firm to take on a large corporation if they are both selling the same product. In general, a large company enjoys many advantages, including economies of scale. It is therefore not surprising to find…. [read more]

East History and Culture A2 Coursework

… East, Culture, History

Beijing, previously known as Peking after Romanization, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and also one of the most populated cities on the entire globe. It is an important city not only because of its position as capital of China but also because of its historical significance to the region and to the country as a whole. The Great Wall of China, which is not physically within the borders of Beijing but very nearby, is -- arguably -- the most important historical landmark in all of China due to the very fact that it was built over the course of two thousand years and it was a project that took the lives of thousands of men (Morton 49). The…. [read more]

Bauhaus After World War I Term Paper

… Poet and critic Vincent Katz, who wrote about the school, stressed that Rice envisioned an educational collective run by its teachers with input from the students instead of directives from a governing board. Students at the deliberately nonaccredited school took the courses they wanted and, when they felt ready to graduate, requested an examination to be administered by someone outside the college.

Black Mountain was not planned as an art school -- courses were always offered in science and mathematics -- but Rice believed the arts held a central place in a liberal arts education. The courses included painting, writing, drawing, constructions and assemblages, weaving, music, drama, architecture, photography, typography dance and design. Like the Bauhaus, Black Mountain College was a center for cultural production.…. [read more]

Science and Western Civilization Essay

… During this process, there was less of emphasis on using hunter-gathering techniques. Instead, everyone became involved in farming and established permanent settlements. (McClellan, 2006, pp. 5 -- 16) (Hodges, 2004) (Hodges, 2012)

Technology had a major impact on history by creating tools and weapons which allowed everyone to change their lifestyle. For example, the timeframe from: 10,000 BC to 2,300 BC invited shifts in the way people were able to hunt and farm. This occurred based on technological innovations with: the development of bronze and sharp knives. Moreover, the tremendous advancements in engineering improved the ability of planners to design and create a variety of structures. These different elements lead to innovations such as: fortified cities (which were protected by armies using copper and other…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast Two Art Periods Essay

… Art History/Impressionism

Paintings of the French Impressionists have long enjoyed tremendous popularity among museum-goers in the United States. "The Impressionist galleries at the Metropolitan Museum, the National Gallery of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Museum of Fine Arts Boston serve as the crowning spaces in their larger installations of European easel painting, and most of these Impressionist galleries have the highest attendance of any permanent collection spaces in the museums" (Brettell, 1995). The purpose of this paper is to compare impressionism and post impressionism in terms of their characteristics of style and historical origins and significance. Impressionism was all about the changing light in natural settings. Post impressionist artists took these notions about light and the natural…. [read more]

Western Civ. V The Philosophes Believed Research Paper

… Western Civ. V

The philosophes believed that moral values and the value of life itself are enshrined in natural law and that therefore the best way to discover them is to use the scientific method.

How did the romantics' view of nature differ from that of the philosophes? In what ways does William Wordsworth's poem, "The Tables Turned," express this romantic outlook? (Although we emailed the poem to you, we have also put it on the third page of this assignment.) According to romantics like Wordsworth, how was the meaning of life to be found?

Romanticism began as a reaction -- not so much against anything tangible, more as a result of prevailing tendencies and moods. In music it was a way to expand Classical…. [read more]

Classical Art Research Paper

… Middle Ages Art Comparison

During the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance, many scholars and artists turned back to Greece and Rome to develop new views of the State, of individuals, and themes for art and literature. Traditionally, the term "Middle Ages" means the stretch of European history that lasted roughly from the 5th to the 15th centuries -- from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire through the Age of Discovery. There is still scholarly debate on whether the Middle Ages includes the Renaissance of the 13th-15th centuries, but most modern scholars find it more useful to divide the period into Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. In art and literature we also often come across the term "Dark Ages," which implies that there…. [read more]

Baroque Period Annotated Bibliography Chaffee Term Paper

… The naturalism and dramatic impact of Caravaggio's work, coupled with his insistent realism, are what made his artwork so famous.

Martin, John Rupert. Baroque. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

This is an introductory book for understanding Baroque artists and their tremendous variety. Martin defines the Baroque characteristics and how powerful naturalism and the acceptance of sensual experience dominated the art of the era. Martin also emphasizes the modern balance between the secular and the religious in the Baroque era and addresses the spiritual or mystical qualities that were characterized in most paintings of the Baroque period.

Norberg-Schulz, Christian. "The art of persuasion. (Baroque art in Central

Europe)."UNESCO Courier 21 n1 (1987):4.

In "The art of persuasion," Norberg-Schulz addresses the art of the early eighteenth…. [read more]

History of the Eastern Half Term Paper

… ¶ … history of the eastern half of the Roman Empire is so different from the western half. It also discusses the factors that contributed to a distinctive Western European culture.

The basic reason for striking difference between the history of the eastern and the western parts of the Roman Empire was the geographical distance between the two. When the Roman Republic expanded following the defeat of Carthage and annexation of Greece and Asia Minor by the Romans, it was not easy for the central government in Rome to effectively rule the distant corners of its territories due to the slow communication and transportation at the time. Hence, even before the advent of the Roman Empire in 27 BC, the territories of the Roman Republic…. [read more]

Samuel Adams the Rights of the Colonists Thesis

… Western Civilization

Samuel Adams' the Rights of the Colonists

The Rights of the Colonists was written by Samuel Adams at the age of 50, as a part of meetings in Massachusetts in 1772. This came after the Governor had dissolved the colony's Colonial Assembly. Three hundred townspeople met and voted to appoint a committee of correspondence, and to have this committee draft a statement of the rights of the colonists. The responsibility for preparing the first draft was assigned to Samuel Adams (Munday, 1984).

Samuel Adams was born in Boston, Massachusetts in September of 1722. He was a leader in the fight against British colonial rule, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Adams' father, who was a deacon of the church and successful…. [read more]

East/West an Analysis of Eastern Research Paper

… Chen goes on to lay out every single reference and cross-reference he can find in the film, linking the Guzheng assassins to The Six-Fingered Lord of the Lute; Landlady's "Lion's Roar" to Jin Yong's Heaven Sword and Dragon Sabre; and Sing's swollen lips to "Tony Leung Chiu-Wai's famous 'sausage lips' look from The Eagle Shooting Heroes."

Interestingly, Chow's influence is often romantic, affectionate and spiritual. CJ7, for example, allows for a resurrection, the likes of which haven't been seen since Shakespeare's Winter's Tale. Shaolin Soccer showed what perseverance and spiritual affiliation could do. But it is Kung Fu Hustle, a collaboration between Eastern and Western producers in a sort of East-meets-West ultra-homage to both Hong Kong and American cinema (in a cross-pollination of ideals), that…. [read more]

Western Civilization From Prehistory Term Paper

… The British, French, and other empires spread across the globe. And although neither country was in the strict sense "ruled by a monarch," the idea behind the concept remained the same. Territorial expansion was a means toward achieving glory and immortality.

Of course, things have changed in the more than two thousand years since Alexander's time. In recent centuries, the way of the warrior has lost something of its old luster, and would-be conquerors have found it increasingly essential to justify their ambitions by other means. So, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries we have the concept of the White Man's burden, and the idea of the Western Powers bringing enlightenment and civilization to the benighted races of the Earth. Still more recently, however, even…. [read more]

Kimono History and Contemporary Fashion Design Influence Term Paper

… Kimono History And Contempory Fashion Design Influence

The kimono has become one of the most notable and recognizable elements of Japanese culture. If we were to name characteristics of Japanese civilization, the kimono would most certainly be amongst them. Although nowadays Japanese dress almost uniformly in Western style, the kimono has remained not only a tradition, but a way of life in many parts of the country, a way to venerate aesthetics. Thus, although the kimono as such has almost disappeared from the daily wear of the people, it is recognizable in its pervading influence on the contemporary worldwide fashion.

The kimono appeared rather late in Japanese history, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, derived from the traditional, multilayered dress called "kosode." As this…. [read more]

Art in Non-Western Societies Ritual Object From the Iroquois Tribe Term Paper

… Art in Non-Western Society

The art object under review is an Iroquois ritual object; a turtle rattle, ca 1890,

Material used; turtle shell, wood, sinew, stone

Location; Northeast U.S., West of the Great Lakes, South of Virgina (today), Northeast coast of Canada and U.S.

Brief description:

The large turtle rattle, or 'snapping- turtle rattle' is composed of the complete shell and skin of a snapping- turtle, 12-14 inches long, with head and neck stretched and held by stick splints to form a handle. It is commonly used for ritual and ceremonial purposes in rituals such as the Great Feather Dance and in the performances of the Wooden False Face Society, "whose members also carry them attached by a string to their wrists. Smaller rattles are…. [read more]

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