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American Government and Politics Today Essay

… Government

Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature? Was part of the reason for a two-house legislature the idea that it would be more difficult to pass legislation, therefore serving as a check on a runaway legislature? What impact does this have today? Is it easy for Congress to agree on legislation?

There are three main reasons.

The primary reason was an issue of chronological precedent. At the same time as the American colonists had revolted against British regulation in the Revolutionary War, they silently drew a lot of their ideas about government from their colonial understanding as British citizens. In addition, the British Parliament had two houses -- an upper chamber, the House of Lords, packed with representatives of the…. [read more]


Government Contracting Term Paper

… ¶ … Government Contracts

Federal contractors are faced with a number of alternatives concerning the type of contract they use for a given project. Different types of contracts, of course, have their respective benefits and weaknesses for any given project, though. To determine optimal contractual approaches, this paper explores the pros and cons of different types of contracts from both the contractor's perspective as well as that of the federal government. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Benefits and drawbacks of fixed-price contracts from the perspective of a contractor

There are as many as 20 different types of defense contracts currently in use, and identifying the respective risks that are associated with cost overruns allows them to be…. [read more]


Government and Elections Should Foreign Essay

… Campaigning also requires attendance at charity functions and other public events so that candidates can mix, mingle, meet, and greet the public. The monetary expenses of political campaigning are such that require great amounts of funding. In fact, the idea that a candidate can run for political office effectively without great amounts of funding would not even be considered as feasible in today's society. Funding for political campaign is a big business. There was a ban on corporate spending on campaigns however, this ban was blocked by the Supreme Court in 2010 when it ruled that the "government may not ban political spending by corporations in candidate elections." (Liptak, 2010) The report states that the move by the Supreme Court served to overrule "two important…. [read more]


Big Government Essay

… ¶ … Right to Downsize Big Government

They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. -- Benjamin Franklin

Proponents argue that some people are not able to take care of their problems themselves and need the type of assistance that only Big Government can provide. Proponents of Big Government also argue that some companies are "too big to fail" and tens of billions of American taxpayer dollars have been used to bail out corporations while millions of Americans lost their homes to the Great Recession of 2008. Critics of Big Government counter that the United States is mortgaging the fortunes of future generations by profligate spending habits today. In order to determine the facts in…. [read more]


Big Data Essay

… The authors step back from the technical discussions of big data and evaluate it from the perspective of interplay between culture, technology, sociology and other phenomena. They question whether big data is better data, noting that the role of context is important; data without context is just numbers. They especially consider that much of the use for big data, including its gathering, might simply not be ethical.

This article is important because it highlights many of the important macro-level considerations. More technical articles either assume things about big data that Boyd and Crawford question, or simply ignore that these questions exist. Yet, these question cut at the heart of some of the fears about big data as well -- for example public fears about big…. [read more]


American Mistrust of Centralized Government Term Paper

… Further, the Federalists pointed out that the Constitution did not allow the federal government to do anything that was not specifically mentioned in the Constitution; since the Constitution did not state that the government could take away the rights of the people, the Federalists reasoned, then it could not.

The Anti-Federalists, however, did not believe that this guarantee was enough. They felt that if the rights and freedoms of the people were not specifically protected in the Constitution, then the federal government could easily come in and say it had the ability to take those rights away. The fact that the freedoms the people were used to were upheld in the hearts and minds of the people was not enough. The Anti-Federalists believed that absolute…. [read more]


Majority and Minority Governments Research Paper

… Francois and Hoyland stated, "Minority governments usually rely on the support of at least one other party to sustain the confidence of the legislature" (Francois and Hoyland 2009, 01).

One main reason behind this responsive attitude of minority governments is that they do not have any other option. As stated above, they also need approval of other parties for passing legislation. Therefore, whether they like it or not they have to take the views of MPS. Their case is very different from that of a majority government in which the elected members follow the rules of the party. Opposite to this case, minority governments are dependent on other parties and their votes.

Accountable

The Mandate of the Auditor General of Canada defined accountability in the…. [read more]


Citizen Trust in Local Government Essay

… Piotrowski & Van Ryzin (2007) underscored that issues pertaining to governmental secrecy and open government have been subject of public debate. Citizen's interest in and demand for government vary in degree. They developed several indices to measure citizens' demand for transparency at the local level and explore its correlates. The study suggests that there are several dimensions to the public's demand for transparency including fiscal, safety, government concerns, and principled openness. They adduced that age, political ideology, confidence in government leaders, frequency of contacting government and the perception that that there is not enough access to government drives the publics demand for transparency. However, determinants differ for each dimension. The above named factors predict citizen's actual requests for government information.

Christensen and Laegreid (2005) focused…. [read more]


National Economic Effects of Government Essay

… The skills necessities, additional, frequently discriminate against women, whereas women's contribution in the labour force might also be incomplete in their nation of source. Some propose that one of the more clear procedures of discrimination can be originated in the depositor or business immigrant group, which permits wealthy persons to efficiently buy admission to Canada by bringing important monetary capital into the national economy. Such chances are merely obtainable to advantaged economic classes, and deprived of to those of incomplete income and wealth.

It is significant to communicate that the Points System simply goes along with one class of immigrants. Persons may settle to Canada under the family and refugee groups and, as such, are not obligatory to meet inceptions of education, employment skill, or…. [read more]


Federal Government Expansion Throughout American Research Paper

… ("The Sherman Anti-Trust Act," 2004)

The New Deal

The New Deal was passed in 1993. It dramatically increased the size of the federal government by focusing on a number of areas including: the regulation of the public securities markets, banks, it established Social Security, provided universal labor standards, set minimum wages, increased spending on infrastructure and offered direct support to agriculture. Politically, this allowed Washington to dictate to the states and local governments the types of protections as well as programs that are offered to everyone. Socially, this changed the country by providing ordinary citizens with some kind of safety net. Economically, these programs involved the federal government in areas that were once reserved exclusively for the private sector or states. This is important, as…. [read more]


Government Preferable in a Presidential Essay

… The federal government originally was far weaker than it now is, states held far more responsibility in concerns such as currency, trade, and even the states military.

One problem of a divided government is the presence of considerable deadlock and conflict between issues among the divided parties. This problem does not happen in parliamentary systems, since the ruling party controls all functions of government, and the minority party can merely voice its opinion. The slowness of the presidential system is frustrating for many observers, as controversial legislation is often not even presented in divided congresses, so that one party can seek to pass that legislation during a time of one party rule. This means legislation that is passed during divided government is usually weaker, less…. [read more]


Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]


Government Do We Dare Term Paper

… She was a burden to him, nothing more, and he was able to convince the state to have her killed by starvation. A Harvard student, who suffers from cerebral palsy, writes that he fears for his own life: "This disrespect is the devaluation of lives of people like Terri Schiavo. In the Schiavo case and others like it, non-disabled decision makers assert that the disabled person should die ... we have arrived at the point where we starve people to death because he or she cannot communicate their experiences to us. What is this but sheer egotism" (Ford) The government's willingness to let people die is evidenced as well by the fact that evidence strongly suggests Bush knew about the September 11th attacks before they…. [read more]


Governments Should Limit Their Interference Essay

… When the state allows bad banks to fail, the entire system receives that market feedback and responds according, managing assets more efficiently.

A counterargument is that government intervention in markets can guide those markets towards superior results. Joseph Stiglitz (1996) cites East Asia's so-called tiger economies as an example of state intervention that guides economic growth rather than hinders it. However, Krueger (1990) notes that government intervention in development often has the opposite effect. Highly distortive policies are common, examples being neglect of key infrastructure, credit rationing and restrictive trade policies. Government intervention, then, can only spur economic growth when it is intervention of the right type. That brings us back to the points about corruption and centralization. Most government intervention is unfortunately driven by…. [read more]


Causes for the Public to Trust and Not to Trust Government Research Paper

… ¶ … Government and trust [...] recent headlines and five causes for the public not to trust government, and five causes for the public to trust government. In today's volatile political world, it is hard to know who to trust and who not to trust. However, the media often reports items with their own "spin," making it even harder to know who to trust and who not to trust. With recent headlines in mind, here are the five reasons for the public not to trust government, and five reasons they should trust government.

Do Not Trust the Government

Lobbyists - While several administrations have decried the great influence lobbyists have on Washington, none of them have come up with any ways to curb this influence.…. [read more]


Government: An Unviable Solution Essay

… e., America's Civil War) and would be foolhardy to suggest that a "one-size-fits-all" governance solution is available to satisfy the needs in this increasingly globalized setting.

In this regard, Weiss also notes that, "Applying the notion of 'governance' to the planet' is fundamentally misleading. It captures the gamut of interdependent relations in the absence of any overarching political authority and with institutions that exert little or no effective control. Quite a distinction exists, then, between the national and international species of governance" (3). This paucity of a universal solution to humankind's needs is not new, of course, but it does reflect the changing views concerning what paradigms are best suited to the dynamic environment in which countries around the world are seeking to advance their…. [read more]


Comparative Politics and Government Term Paper

… Political Science

Government in Canada and the United States

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and analyze the topic of political science in America. Specifically, it will compare and contrast three major branches of government and politics in the United States with Canada's government and politics. Both democracies, Canada and the United States have many governmental branches and policies in common. However, there are key differences, including Canada's legislative branch, their prime minister, and their social services. The United States government could learn some important lessons from Canadian practices, including their health insurance and role in world politics. Government has grown from the three main branches, executive, judicial, and legislative in this country, to become a complex and convoluted morass of agencies, public…. [read more]


Defending Government Term Paper

… ¶ … Defending Government: Why Big Government Works" by Max Neiman

Defending Government" by Max Neiman offers a critical view of the Big Government's (of America) critics -- that is, the book discusses in detail how, in spite of the growing sentiment against the government, the author considers it as essential and beneficial for society, particularly in the context of American society.

In discussing this important point in the book, Neiman presents historical evidence of the development of anti-government sentiment of the public for its government. However, at the center of his discussion and analysis, he makes it clear that these anti-government sentiments are simply propaganda geared at discrediting the government for the benefits that it has given to American civil society.

Neiman discusses anti-government…. [read more]


Benchmarks in Government 1901-1981 Order Term Paper

… II. Common Law gets the Axe:

The Supreme Court did the unthinkable in 1938 when 150 years of 'common-law' was overturned. The common-law is that which expresses our 'human rights' and 'civil liberties" As written by one author:

The Common Law is the fountain source of Substantive and Remedial Rights, if not our very Liberties. The members and associates of the Bar thereafter formed committees, granted themselves special privileges, immunities and franchises, and held meetings concerning the Judicial procedures, and further, to amend laws "to conform to a trend of judicial decisions or to accomplish similar objectives."(Hardison 1999)

III. The Federal Register Act:

President Roosevelt by Executive Order created The Federal Register Act in the year of 1935 (Title 3 sec. 301 et seq) Within…. [read more]


PC's, Central-System Computing, and Government Term Paper

… For example, the authors defined the scope of the study as using two sets of cities, but later in the study they refer to responses given from 10 different cities. "When central-system cities rated their experiences with minicomputers and/or mainframes, more than 8 in 10 (83.4%) indicated that these systems had met or exceeded their expectations" (page 9, paragraph 2, line 1). Due to these inaccuracies it is impossible to determine if the same methodology is used throughout the survey. In the final two pages of the study the authors address the significance of their study in comparison to other studies. Each point of the problem is addressed in these pages followed by the authors deductions of their study and backed by polls or studies…. [read more]


Warrantless Use of GPS Research Paper

… Katzin was then arrested, charged, and convicted. In the appeals, the government argued the GPS device did not require a warrant because it represented "only a minimal intrusion on a vehicle…no part of the vehicle is penetrated…Installation takes a matter of moments, and is much less intrusive than the typical stop and frisk of a person" (Gosztola, 2013). In this case, yet to be decided, the main issue of warrantless GPS surveillance can be seen -- and so can the fact that the government attempts to justify its usage in any way possible. From arguing for the "innocence" of GPS tracking (it's less invasive than "frisking") to arguing that it is not unreasonable to use it in cases such as that involving Katzin (who was…. [read more]


Political Arguments Term Paper

… Government Intervention and Public Policy

The Origin of Government Paternalism

Throughout recorded human history, government authorities have exerted control over the affairs of citizens (Hill, 2009). Until the relatively recent past, the vast majority of all national government authorities wielded their power independent of popular opinion and preference. In fact, the Colonists who embarked from Britain to explore the New World that eventually became the United States left Britain precisely because the Royal Crown required allegiance to the Anglican Church of England.

More generally, national governments were almost always autocracies or oligarchies in which government policies were primarily intended to further the interests of royal families or small segments of the population and imposed on the rest of the population by the threat of punishment…. [read more]


Lobbyists in American Government Lobbying Essay

… With the money (or at least a large part of it) out of the equation, only those who are committed to their causes will continue to be lobbyists. Does that mean that Congress and other governing bodies might not get as much information about various causes? Yes. However, it also means that the information they do receive will be honest information coming from people who are knowledgeable about the cause and who care enough to represent it. That is a very important way to get a message to those who have the power to make changes to society. It will still be imperfect, but it will be improved without the focus on money.

References

Balogh, Brian "Mirrors of desires': Interest groups, elections, and the targeted…. [read more]


Decentralized Government Essay

… Decentralized Government

The issue of decentralization represents a major aspect in the theory of government and organization of the state. From several points-of-view it can be considered to be a success story for the administrations throughout the world. This is largely due to the fact that it enables the top political aspects to be viewed from all the levels of the administration rather than the central one alone.

Throughout the world there are several important examples of states which have chosen a decentralized modus operandi for its administration. In this sense, Switzerland may be one of the most important, along with Germany, or Belgium. However, in order to properly acknowledge the importance of the decentralized system, it is crucial that several questions be raised. In…. [read more]


Government and Business Research Paper

… Despite many governmental and quasi-governmental levels of consumer protection, consumers still face a wide variety of risks. What are your recommendations, on a governmental and quasi-governmental level, for reducing these risks?

To reduce the underlying amounts of risk facing consumers, the government needs to introduce policies that will provide added protections. While at the same time, they must ensure that any kind of laws do not interfere with the ability of firms to deliver the final product or service to the markets. One possible approach that can be used to address these issues is to create a basic policy that will protect the interests of the general public. Then, you can have businesses figure out how they could cost effectively implement these kinds of provisions,…. [read more]


Government Should Be Added Extra Point System for Those Who Served the Military Service Research Paper

… Government in South Korea should add extra points system for those who served the military service'

There is a compulsion for men to work in the army in South Korea. The veterans have been provided an extra point system that would qualify them for civilian jobs after they are cashiered. This system provides a distinct advantage for the men who are applying for work in the civilian sector and is also beneficial for them. This model is followed for men in the same footing as in the U.S. While in the U.S. The issues addressed are not only employment but also other facilities like health and social security. As far as South Korea, is concerned it is a growing economy with competition in the civil…. [read more]


Power of Big Brother Term Paper

… ¶ … controversy over governmental power and the centralized government under the Bush Administration has provoked significant debate within congress and the world. Most specifically, the Bush administration has been criticized for taking a Big Brother approach to governance. In America 2014: An Orwellian Tale by unheralded author Dawn Blair, the author carefully portrays a world that sequels the acclaimed 1984 Orwell story. He shows us what it would be like to live in a world dominated by censorship and overbearing government control. The world is currently faced with the struggle for freedom, not only political freedom, but freedom and access to information. The Bush administration has repeated been humiliated within the press for their disparity between truth and fabrication. Blair's tale along with 1984…. [read more]


Stakeholders Is Any Company Essay

… A recent study showed that "value creation for stakeholders might feature…respective and shared business models" (Bolton, Nie, 2010, p. 701) which it could be argued was exactly why these stakeholders had invested in AIG in the first place. Though shareholders can be considered internal stakeholders with a strong voice on the direction of the company, in AIG's case, this did not seem so.

The two primary political parties in America were, and continue to be, stakeholders in this situation as well. Both parties could and did exert inordinate amounts of influence on how AIG was to be managed, who would benefit from the bailouts, and who would take the blame for the catastrophe. That each party, and individuals from each party, attempted to use the…. [read more]


Government Subsidized Student Loans Thesis

… Higher education is taken to be a safeguard against unemployment with statistics indicating that unemployment among university graduates was 4.4% whereas for people who had not completed secondary school, unemployment was near 11.5%. (The Economist, 2011)

Although the phenomenon, with the state supporting education may sound ideal, and other emerging countries too might try to emulate the model in an effort to bring their economies up to par, several contrary view points have been voiced by critics that question the economic and political feasibility of the subsidized student loans.

Foremost is the startling figure of $1 trillion worth of outstanding student loans. Secondly there are arguments that this loan is for students who have already completed their studies and hence subsidizing it further will not…. [read more]


American Government Question One (Interest Groups) Term Paper

… American Government

QUESTION ONE (Interest Groups): There are a number of political experts and observers who believe interest groups - or, according to Democracy Under Pressure (Cummings, 224-241), also called the "power elite" - in reality are the forces that make public policy at the federal level. And so, with this system entrenched, it will not be easy to change the way power is wielded in American government dynamics. Cummings writes (225) that "...lobbyists for interest groups are able to exert influence by means of campaign contributions and fund raising" (229), how healthy is that for the average consumer who just wants fairness and honesty in government? it's unhealthy, and difficult to change.

What changes could be made to reduce interest groups' influence? First of…. [read more]

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