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Biotechnology the Origins Essay

… " (Torrey, 1922, p.72) For instance, Mendel cross-bred two pea plants, each with two sets of traits: yellow or green color and a smooth or wrinkled surface.

From these humble beginnings, a distinct discipline of biotechnology has developed which specifically deals with the mechanisms of heredity: genetics. This development has come about primarily through the use of fermentation as an industrial mechanism. The need for a better and more efficient fermentation process led to experimentation and the introduction of industrialized biotechnology. And the use of biological agents in industry then "let to formulations of an ideal for biotechnology that has lasted to the present day, having been co-opted as the new possibilities for recombinant DNA technology came to be voiced in the late 1970's." (Hessenbruch,…. [read more]


Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories Term Paper

… Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories

The biotechnology industry is relatively new, but is has been responsible for some of the most important scientific discoveries that have benefited humanity to date. A concomitant to these contributions by the biotechnology community, though, has been the increased use of animals that are bred specifically for this purpose, a practice that has been roundly criticized by animal rights activists and the general public alike in recent years. Despite these criticisms, though, the use of animals in scientific experimentation is a highly regulated practice, but even these safeguards fall far short of providing any ultimate protections for laboratory animals and calls for an end to the practice continue today. Nevertheless, laboratory animals are big business and the industry…. [read more]


Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]


Living Things Are Characterized Term Paper

… 37) Biotechnology has provided scientists with new means to understand the complexity of protein functions. Molecular cloning, an important tool in biotechnology, has vastly improved the prospects of understanding individual proteins and their functions. Microarray technology is another tool, which allows the study of a group of genes in combination. Similarly, Antisense and RNA interference (gene blocking) and gene knockouts (induced mutations) are important biotech methods that aid our understanding of the complex genetic machinery.

38) Biotechnology is a diverse field and hence the application areas are ever extending. The most prominent application is in the field of medicine. Synthesis of human insulin for example is considered a remarkable breakthrough and a blessing in disguise for diabetic patients. Similarly Genetically modified food products are saving…. [read more]


Biotech in the Food Chain Thesis

… rBST in the Milk Supply

Position Statement: Is rBST Safe?

Dr. John Doe, American Medical Association

Biotechnology has gained momentum in the human food chain since the late 1990s. The use of biotechnology allows producers to increase their production and their profitability. We can be certain that these new food products have gone through rigorous testing according to FDA protocol before entering into the market, but one must ask if this is enough. This research will support the position that the decision to allow GMOs, and other biotechnologically altered foods into the marketplace is premature, as not enough studies have been conducted as to the long-term effects of them in the human food supply. It will particularly focus on the use of rBST in the…. [read more]


Characteristics and Potential Applications of Stem Cell Assessment

… Stem cells are non-specializing cells that can be defined by the two very specific properties which are the ability to differentiate into cells with other functions and the ability to self-regenerate. The zygote contains the most valuable of the stem cells and can reproduce as all cell types of a species as shown in Figure 1.

Differentiation of Human Tissues

http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/scireport/chapter1.asp

This paper will examine the stem cell in detail and discuss the potential uses of the stem cell in drug testing and in the treatment of diseases and injuries. The origin and the difference types of cells will be analyzed and explained with as much detail as possible.

The stem cell has been the topic of heated discussions as far as the ethical and…. [read more]


Agriculture and Genetically Modified Food in the Development of Third World Countries Pros and Cons Term Paper

… Agriculture and Genetically Modified Food in the Development of Third World Countries

The term genetically modified foods or GMOs (genetically-modified organisms) is used to describe agricultural crops and plants which are grown for both human and animal consumption, through the use of techniques from the science of molecular biology. The plants or crops are modified or 'genetically engineered' to enhance essential attributes which ostensibly improve their value and resistance to diseases. These improvements include increased resistance to pesticides and herbicides as well as improved nutritional content. (Genetically Modified Foods)

The traditional approach to improved crops and other agricultural products has been through the process of breeding. However this can be extremely time consuming and genetic modification is a technique that substantially improves this aspect. There…. [read more]


Admission Letter Research Proposal

… Admissions - Statement

Dear Sir or Madam:

Kindly consider the following statement in support of my candidacy for the University of South Florida for Cell Biology, Microbiology and Molecular Biology PhD program. My long-term professional goal is to teach medicine at the King Abdul Aziz University Medical School in Saudi Arabia. Toward that end, I have been fortunate enough to receive a full scholarship from King Abdul Aziz University that includes tuition and living expenses in the pursuit of my doctorate degree in the United States.

Currently, I hold a master degree in Biotechnology from the Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne, Florida.

In pursuit of my master degree, I worked as a research assistant on a project designed to better understand cell growth regulation…. [read more]


Meghani, Z. And Kuzma, J Assessment

… " A former government representative noted that the scientific community is wholly mistrusted and that the "science community should not decide how much regulation it should be subject to. Sooner or later you are going to have stakeholders involved, so it might as well be sooner. An academic interviewed noted that the "development of system should be more inclusive. Coordinated Framework [for GEOs oversight] was a closed door process. Need to involve public, not just industry." In short, they conducted valuable research and synthesis that will help me in writing my own paper.

Comment on what you find useful about how the literature is reviewed in this article.

I found it useful how they cite literature within the text of their own writing but with…. [read more]


Food and Drug Law in Biotechnology Research Paper

… Food and Drug Law in Biotechnology: Questions

Would the enactment of the DSHEA have changed the outcome in Nutrilab Inc. v. Schweiker, 713 F.2d 335 (1983)? Assume the manufacturer promoted the product as helping to maintain a healthy weight.

In the 1983 case of Nutrilab Inc. v. Schweiker, 713 F.2d 335 (1983), the case involved so-called 'starch blockers' that were supposed to inhibit the body's digestion of starch and thus facilitate weigh loss. The manufactures of the product called the item a foodstuff, given that its ingredients, some of which were natural (such as fibrous beans) were consumed as food in some contexts. Nutrilab's case failed upon appeal. The "FDA had received seventy-five reports of adverse effects on people who had taken starch blockers, including…. [read more]


Boston: Paving the Way for the Future Term Paper

… Boston: Paving the Way for the Future

Boston is a city with deeps ties to its historical roots, but one that constantly evolves with the times as it sees fit. It was one of the leading cities to begin the fight for the freedom of the colonies and the abolition of slavery. It is a city that has survived economic decline by transitioning from manufacturing to high technology and defense and, most recently, to healthcare and biotechnology. and, Boston has the educational and cultural foundations to inspire continued evolution for success. For all these reasons, Boston is a great place to live.

Boston was first named Shawmet by the local Algonquin tribes. William Blackstone, an English immigrant, settled in the area in 1629 and invited…. [read more]


Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY -- ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY AND THE INTERVIEWS

Understanding the main…. [read more]


Organic Evolution Essay

… Organic Evolution

Please discuss the pre-biotic conditions on planet earth. Why did it take approximately one half billion years before the earliest bacteria-like life evolved? Why did the formation of oxygen by photosynthesizers make such a difference on the planet? Specifically, why does it appear that the aerobic metabolic pathway is a mirror image of the photosynthetic pathway? What would have happened to this system if oxygen had been present on earth 4 billion years ago?

Scientists believe that about 5 million years ago, the Solar System was filled with a plethora of hot gases and dust, swirling around a hot core. They think that once the core approached about 1 million degrees, the physics and chemical properties caused the gases to coalesce, forming the…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism America Is Home Essay

… They once destroyed a laboratory in Michigan University because the laboratory was used to create genetically modified organisms funded by Monsanto (Grubbs, 2010). In reality, Monsanto only donated a paltry 2000 USD to send 5 African students to a conference on biotechnology. In their wisdom they have maintained that whatever they did was justified.

The Army of God revels on religious pretexts to harm others. They use violence to discourage abortion and homosexual activities as exemplified in their attacks on gay night clubs and abortion clinics. One of its members, Eric Rudolph, planted a bomb at the 1996 Olympics venue in Atlanta, Georgia. Two people succumbed and whopping 150 others injured. He explained without remorse in 2005 his action was an indictment to the government…. [read more]


Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) Origin Term Paper

… A natural form of defense for the plant is the presence of cyanide in the roots. Quantity of cyanide present in the roots is determined by the soil and climatic conditions. A bitter cultivar in one place may be sweet in another place. (Hillocks; Thresh, 26)

Morphology

Cassava is a persistent woody shrub botanically; but farmers harvest the tuberous roots and leaves during the first of second year. Cassava is mainly breed through stem cutting. Certain agronomic and genetic factors are responsible for the number of shoots that develop from a stem cutting. Male and female flowers are present in the same plant thus making Cassava monoecious. Fibrous root systems are formed b the adventitious root systems at the base of the stem. The tuberous…. [read more]


Southeast Asia SARS Outbreak of 2003 Term Paper

… Southeast Asia SARS outbreak of 2003: The anatomy of an epidemic.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS is a viral respiratory illness that emerged as a serious global threat to health in March 2003. It first appeared in Southern China in November 2002. The illness was to spread to over a dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before it was contained. (Basic Information About SARS)

While the epidemic has been contained yet it raises a number of important issues that will be discussed in the paper. These include the question of the genesis and origins of the virus and the consequences, in both the short and long terms, of SARS as one of a number of previously unknown viral infections affecting…. [read more]


IR Econ Todaro Notes That Borders Term Paper

… IR Econ

Todaro notes that borders have become more porous, while "national politics (have become) inexorably more restrictive" (2002, p. 575). Despite this internal disjuncture, the fact is that globalization has become more prevalent in recent years, and it has done so across a wide array of global endeavors, from agriculture to business to education and even unionism. The following glimpses of developments in those areas of world events and more will bring into focus the extent to which globalization has arguably gone beyond a measurable phenomenon and into the status of 'fact of life.' The question is, however: does globalization imply interdependence, or some other structure for the world economy?

A measurable increase: Biotechnology

Bartholomew doesn't attempt to convince anyone that globalization is on…. [read more]


Unethical Experimentation Term Paper

… Unethical Experimentation

Issues and Concerns

Unethical Controversies

Researchers' Good Samaritan Obligations

Monitoring Guidelines

Do No Harm

The Dearth of Ethical Guidelines

International Positions

As Openly As Possible

UNETHICAL EXPERIMENTATION

Issues and Concerns

Unethical Controversies man is ethical only when life, as such, is sacred to him, that of plants and animals as that of his fellow men, and when he devotes himself helpfully to all life that is in need of help. (Schweitzer, 2006)

Unethical... morally repugnant and scientifically wrong," are terms to describe "killing human embryos for scientific research," in the article published in The Times Leader on October 27, 2006. ("Embryonic stem...,")

In this article which posits: "The facts and dangers of House Bill 864," the writer argues that not one single disease…. [read more]


Scientific and Political Term Paper

… The companies that produce them, such as the United States, want to make a profit on them because they have put a lot of resources into making them. It is these poorer countries, who might benefit most from the technology, which most likely would not be able to afford to buy the seeds. In 2003, countries that grew 99% of the global GM crops were the United States (63%), Argentina (21%), Canada (6%), Brazil (4%), and China (4%), and South Africa (1%). Although growth is expected to plateau in industrialized countries, it is increasing in developing countries. Unfortunately, the new advances in genetically modified foods are most likely skewed to the interests of rich countries, instead of the poorer ones advocates of genetically modified foods…. [read more]


Information Technology and Its Uses in the Nano Thesis

… Information Technology and Its Uses in Nano Technology

(http://www.nano.ecs.soton.ac.uk/images/research/nanoelectronics/motheye_large.jpg)

Information Technology and Nanotechnology

The future of modem society is often referred to in terms of technology and particularly new and innovative technological discoveries. While from one perspective science and technology has been blamed for many of the ills of modern society, such as the threat of climate change, on the other hand discoveries associated with new technologies have also increased optimism with regard to a better future for humanity. (Murphy & Pardeck, xv) One need only think of the controversy about the discoveries in genetics and cloning, which is seen as positive from a medical point-of-view and condemned from various ideological and mortal perspectives.

Thinkers and scientists have also explored the ways in which technology…. [read more]


Corporate Universities Investigation of Their Development Internationally in the Field Sector of Tourism Term Paper

… Corporate universities"-investigation of their development internationally in the field/sector of tourism.

In this paper, it will be discussed how corporate universities function internationally and otherwise. From there, their development process of tourism will be discussed and how it is affecting its organized culture. Going public will be addressed as an option in order to improve the development of tour. Finally, this paper will concluded the development has had many successes despite their slow start but will continue to defeat them.

Corporate universities fall under the direction of motivation by the following example, which helps them with the plans with the sector of tourism. "Corporate universities are created for different purposes. Some are developed to bring fresh life to the old training and development department. Others…. [read more]


Offshoring Has Been Discussed and Debated Term Paper

… Offshoring has been discussed and debated more and more widely in the United States since 2003, when the cartoon appeared on the cover of Business Week showing a man in a business suit holding onto cargo being shipped overseas with the headline "Is Your Job Next?" Today the situation looks even direr. Many more companies, from Burger King to Cingular now outsource their back-office jobs. Even though Hira and Hira claim that hiring people in other lands, primarily India, to do jobs that once were American workers' jobs, is a terrible idea for America, others believe that the benefits of hiring labor in foreign countries will more than outweigh any negative effects it may have on American jobs now (Hira, 2005).

Hira and Hira admit…. [read more]


Emerging Diseases and Laboratory Biorisk Essay

… ¶ … Status of World-Level Laboratory Biorisk Management

Recent innovations in biotechnology have contributed to improved healthcare and agricultural productivity, among others, in ways that have substantively contributed to the well-being of humankind. A concomitant of these innovations, though, has been an increased potential for biorisk hazards that can have enormous adverse consequences. In this regard, Finley emphasizes that, "Unfortunately, even as these advanced technologies are helping to improve the human condition, their inherent 'dual-use' potential makes them equally attractive to those who seek to do harm. The same equipment used to produce a life-saving vaccine might also incubate a biological agent for terrorist use" (p. 53). Likewise, as vividly depicted in the recent motion picture, "Contagion," ongoing biotechnological research has the potential to introduce…. [read more]


Career Opportunities Research Proposal

… ¶ … Country

Given the state of the world economy, current college students along with recent graduates may feel that they have few options for success. But while certainly the potential field of opportunities is more circumscribed now than it was before this recession, there remains a range of possible careers for students with the right background, education, and training. Among those who should find themselves well prepared to enter the work place are Swiss college graduates. Opportunities for women are somewhat more limited for women than for men, not because women business students are less well trained but because there are still some reservations in certain firms about hiring women, especially for high-tech positions.

In particular Swiss college students who have pursued an undergraduate…. [read more]


Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]


Genetically Modified Foods Research Paper

… This resulted in the adoption of alternatives to respond to the emergence of new strains of organisms resistant to the chemicals (Finucane & Holup, 2005).

Today, genetically modification of food has advanced across the globe. Statistical analysis shows that about 8.25 million farmers grew genetic modified food in 2005. They are expected to triple by 2015. In terms of market share, the soybeans account for approximately 60% of the genetically modified food, maize 23%, cotton, 11%, and canola accounting for approximately 6% of the global crop production. Country wise, the U.S. is the leading proponents of the advancement of the genetic engineering of food and animals. This implies that the U.S. leads in the integration of the genetic engineering technology and supply of genetically engineered…. [read more]


Affordable Care Act a Current Essay

… Also, hospitals nationwide will be paid based on the quality of care they deliver, not just on the "quantity of care provided" (White House). It will be easier for healthcare organizations to coordinate the care needed by patients through the "Accountable Care Organizations" established by the Act (White House).

What are the Arguments for and against the Law?

It should be noted that this legislation passed through the House of Representatives with no Republican votes. It passed the U.S. Senate with no Republican votes. The arguments against the legislation were several; the opponents of Obama and of the legislation attacked the Act: a) the legislation is socialized medicine; b) the legislation is a government takeover of healthcare; c) Obamacare will increase the national deficit; d)…. [read more]


Globalization Trends Research Paper

… Globalization Trends

Globalization means a manner in which there is a connection and spread of products, technologies and communication to all parts of the world. Sometimes, economically it may refer to the global distribution of goods and services especially when there is a reduction of hindrances such as export fee, tariffs and import quotas on the international market. Hence, it helps to bring up a country's economy through the principle of comparative advantage and increase in specialization. In other broader view, globalization may refer transnational circulation of language, ideas and culture Council & Intelligence, 2008()

Global trends over the years

Globalization Trend Analysis 2010-2015

As pertaining to demographic change across the world, the world's population will rise from 6.1 billion people as per the statistics…. [read more]


Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry Term Paper

… Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry

The Current and Potential Use of Knowledge Management within the Automotive Industry

Automotive Industry Analysis

Current Use of Knowledge Management in Automotive

Potential Future

The automotive industry's use of knowledge management is progressing from creating and sustaining knowledge systems designed to support the major phases of product development, supplier management, production and service to a more strategic approach of supporting interorganizational learning strategies and knowledge transfer. The resulting impact on it-based strategies is the development of Enterprise Content Management (ECM) platforms that are specifically developed to enable greater interorganizational learning and foster the growth of learning ecosystems between auto manufacturers, their suppliers, customers, and services organizations. Global leaders in automotive manufacturing have progressed beyond the life cycle approach of…. [read more]


Japanese-American Biopharmaceutical Industry Term Paper

… The objective of such harmonization is a more economical use of human, animal and material resources and the elimination of any unnecessary delays in the global development and availability of new pharmaceuticals while maintaining safeguards on quality, safety and efficacy, and sustaining regulatory obligations to protect public health. This mission is embodied in the Terms of Reference of the ICH.

Limitations and Delimitations

This problem is limited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to continue to permit the extensive interval of time from which pharmaceuticals are available in the United States to when they are available in Japan.

This problem is delimited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to cooperate in reducing or eliminating the…. [read more]

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