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Birth of Christianity Institution Essay

… Accordingly, the early Christians who faced prosecution depending on era and the emperor were force to intermingle with pagans; they took this as an underground opportunity to spread Christianity. Similarly, the church also manipulated the traditions and pagan empire thus making Christian faith more adaptable. Considerably, some church leaders were motivated like power hungry politicians and used force to advance Christianity (McKay et al., 2011). Following unending efforts by the church, Christianity spread vastly and took hold of a massive part of the population. With regard to this, Pagans with dissimilar ideologies and traditions were unable to put up with the huge Christianity wave and hence they were forced by circumstances to Christianize. It is stated that by the fall of the Western Empire in…. [read more]

Early Christianity Thesis

… Christianity and the Roman Empire: Faith Superiority or Modern Construct

The history of the Roman Empire is forever intertwined with the history of Christianity. This is in part due to the fact that the historians (and their readership) most interested in the Roman Empire also had a bi-fold interest in the history of Christianity. It is for this reason that many of the most fundamental of texts written about the Roman Empire are fundamentally peppered with Christian events and trends. The difficulty for the modern historian or reader is to glean from these prominent texts, often considered primary sources, how much the Roman Empire was actually influenced by Early Christianity. This work will attempt to analyze how early Christianity affected and influenced the Roman Empire.…. [read more]

Christianity Beyond the Nicene Creed Essay

… ¶ … Christianity;

Beyond the Nicene Creed: How to define Christianity

For some individuals, Christianity merely entails a belief in Christ: the Unitarian Universalist Church, for example, rejects the doctrine of the Trinity and the divinity of Jesus. Instead, members of this Christian, Protestant denomination try to live as Jesus lived, rather than focus on doctrine and dogma. For Unitarians, living in the footsteps of Christ means dedicating their lives to social justice and promoting tolerance of all peoples, including those individuals from different religious traditions -- even and perhaps especially Judaism, a religion often persecuted by Christians in the past. In contrast, for other Christians, such as Catholics, being a Christian means holding fast to a tradition founded long ago by Jesus and his…. [read more]

Birth of Venus by Botticelli Term Paper

… Birth of Venus by Boticelli

The Birth of Venus -- Sandro Botticelli

The Italian Renaissance gave birth to a great number of debated concerning art and philosophy. It was during this movement that artists came to triumph over traditional convictions as they employed revolutionary convictions. Painters were typically employed by influential individuals in the state with the purpose of completing various artworks.

The House of de' Medici was most probably (there is no actual data to prove this) the institution that hired Sandro Botticelli at a certain time around 1485, assigning him the task of painting the Birth of Venus. In spite of the fact that there is little information regarding its origins, the painting is responsible for triggering a wave of popularity, with numerous…. [read more]

Buddhism and Christianity Term Paper

… Buddhism and Christianity

It is a fact that in the past twenty years or so, women historians have been entering the field of research and have found out the truth that women in Christianity have been placed in a role that is not really completely true. In other words, more and more women have been delving into the past to come up with new theories on the important role that women in ancient times have played in Christianity, and certain ancient chronicles and texts have been dug up to substantiate the fact uncovered by them. In essence, women historians have rediscovered certain facts like, for example, the truth that only a few women were recognized, women like Mary, the Mother of Jesus, and Mary Magdalene,…. [read more]

Christian the Miraculous Birth Essay

… They in turn have blessed our family with Logan and Leah. Without you, Evelyn, I would not have learned the responsibilities and joy that come from being a father and a grandfather. You have done the lion's share of the hard work raising our children, and I hope you know that I recognize and appreciate you as a mother and as a grandmother. I know that your family appreciates you as much as I do, too.

The bible tells husbands clearly: "Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her," (Ephesians 5:25). This analogy alludes to the great sacrifices we both make for one another, Evelyn. The marriage is an institution that is greater than myself. Marriage is…. [read more]

Analzying Christianity and the Torah Dissertation

… Christianity and the Torah

History of Christianity

Basic concepts in Christian theology

History of the Torah

Christianity and the Torah

Torah observance at the Table 130

The Significance of the Torah to Christian in modern day 134

It is the Powerful Word of God 134

It Leads Christians to Jesus the Messiah 136

It Deals with the Questions of Life 139

What we Understand about The Law 141

Interpreting and Applying the Law 143

Suggested Christian approach towards the Torah 144

Identifying what the specific law…. [read more]

Christianity Beliefs System Research Proposal

… Beliefs

Everyone has certain beliefs that they consider to be true. This, of course, does not guarantee that these beliefs actually are true, but the person is convinced they are. Beliefs normally come in groups, one building on another over time. They reinforce each other and create complex structures. The beliefs are not acquired arbitrarily, but fit into a consistent pattern. These groups of beliefs are called a belief system. These belief systems help people grapple with some very difficult concerns, such as "How did life evolve?," or "Why are we here?" Or "What takes place when we die?" This belief system is a way that individuals can better understand the many unknowns in their life.

Once these beliefs are formed, they are very difficult…. [read more]

Roman View of Christianity Early Term Paper

… It is not surprising, Celsus continues, that Christian beliefs are so nonsensical when those who believe them are drawn from the least intelligent and rational members of society. The Christian message, he argues is given to no-one 'who has been instructed, or who is wise or prudent (for such qualifications are deemed evil by us); but if there be any ignorant, or unintelligent, or uninstructed, or foolish persons, let them come with confidence.'

He condemns Christians for not giving rational justifications for their beliefs but instead saying '"Do not examine, but believe!" and, "Your faith will save you!" And ... such also say, "The wisdom of this life is bad, but that foolishness is a good thing!"

He urges people to reject such teachings and…. [read more]

High Degree of Misinformation Essay

… Discuss the changes.

Prior to taking this course, in many ways I considered Christianity to be a static religion. I had not given thought to the notion that Christianity changed rapidly in the first few centuries of its practice. I noticed several critical changes in the practice of Christianity in the first century AD and its later practice. The first change was the idea of a Christ centered church with Jesus as the only leader. The second change was the idea of a church with multiple elders to focusing power on a single leader. The third change was the idea that church leadership should remain local to the shifting of power to leaders located away from the church's physical area. The fourth change was a…. [read more]

Belief Systems of Christians Term Paper

… It is interesting to note that many of the angels have similar names in both of the religions, even though the Arabic names appear different. In both religions, there are angels with the names of Gabriel, Michael, and Raphael, and they are mentioned in the English translation of the Qur'an. It says, "Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - for he brings down the (revelation) to your heart by God's will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings to those who believe - Whoever is an enemy to God, and His angels and prophets, to Gabriel and Michael - Lo! God is an enemy to those who reject Faith" (2:97-98, Ali, 2000, p. 21). The Bible mentions many of the same…. [read more]

John Shelby Spong Term Paper

… John Shelby Spong

New Christianity: The Ministry of John Shelby Spong"

In a recent bible debate/commentary specifically associated with the issue of sexuality and literal bible translation John Shelby Spong a much revered member of what some call the New Christianity, Spong notes: "I don't see the bible as the word of God, I see the word of God as that which I hear through the words of the bible." ("Spong on Paul" NP) to explain this statement Spong tries to stress that the literal translation of the bible and many issues and acts within it are a reflection of the tribal upbringing or the adolescence of humanity and that learning from this document is imperative as both a lesson of what to do and…. [read more]

Slavery the Ethically Repugnant Institution Term Paper

… " Christianity was insidiously promoted as a tool of further oppression and social control; it was a method of preventing African solidarity and encouraging total submission to the "master race." The underlying teachings of the Christian gospel, such as love and morality, were twisted into a disgusting misinterpretation. Fortunately, slaves coalesced around their spiritual practices, which offered emotional solace as well as an increased sense of community among their fellow sufferers.

Another significant means to create community solidarity among slaves was through music and singing. These were carry-overs from indigenous African culture, too. Frederick Douglass notes in his autobiography, "They would sometimes sing the most pathetic sentiment in the most rapturous tone, and the most rapturous sentiment in the most pathetic tone," (1845). Music provided…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast the End of the Roman Empire to Today Term Paper

… ¶ … Roman empire to today

The issue of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire is a source of fascination for both the broad public and the scholarly world. From a European perspective, the fall of the Empire can be regarded as the end of the Classical world as it brought about a decline in literacy, urbanism, and generally all the indicators of civilization. Roman civilization is seen as the golden age of art, literature and law, a period of flourishing culture and development. In fact, both European and non-European societies have adopted Roman architectural, sculptural and legal traditions. The founding fathers hoped that America would revive the virtues of ancient Rome, and would reinvent the Roman Empire under a new formula whose…. [read more]

Abortion and Critically Examine Various Essay

… "The modern American debate on abortion reflected the convergence of two trends -- the development of medicine and the rise of the feminist movement" (Melton 2).

Protestants largely followed the general public by dividing themselves in two camps: prolife and prochoice. Prolife Protestants employed attitudes that were very similar to the ones expressed by the Catholic Church and basically started to concentrate on criticizing abortion as a result of the fact that it was a corrupt practice that needed to be addressed from a moral point-of-view. Liberal Protestants wanted people to understand that they did not necessarily favor abortion as the answer to unwanted pregnancies, but that they considered that it was a solution that the masses needed to consider.

The United Church of Christ…. [read more]

Optical Revolutions How the Telescope Essay

… Optical Revolutions

How the Telescope was a More Significant Invention to the Microscope

Advances in optical technology made it possible for early modern scientists to explore both the vastness of the universe and the minute complexities of the microbial world. However, while the invention of the microscope has transformed medicine and, ultimately, the lives of virtually every living person on Earth, these advances took decades to play out and were initially considered trivial. In contrast, the telescope may have had a less profound impact on everyday life, but, through its influence on a seminal figure, sparked an explosive revolution in early modern European thought, challenged the intellectual hegemony of the Church, and, ultimately, shifted our sense of the universe and our place in it.

The…. [read more]

Shape and to Create Essay

… William the Conquerer was a rule who made it clear that he was to be treated as one more powerful and more popular than the pope, and that even the pope's envoys needed to enter England with the permission of William and that same permission was needed in order for members of the papal group to publish.

While these moves might appear incredibly controlling, William was one of the people who was able to push England into being an ideal European nation, a nation that was simply better organized and more powerful. And part of these achievements were connected to the fact that he took power away from the papacy and some of their more archaic tendencies for ruling and controlling -- old fashioned regimes…. [read more]

Literature and the Occult Essay

… Occult Representations in Film

The concept of the occult in literature and film shares similarities and parallels. The occult is often represented by activities and beliefs that, relative to the mainstream, are marginal and associated with magic and nefarious elements. The occult is often perceived by the average person, as represented in fictional literature and narrative cinema, as something to be avoided. Protagonists in occult films shown over the course of the semester demonstrate how they are often unwilling participants in occult plots, or that they have been duped or manipulated into a role in an occult plot. Some characters seem to have an unconscious desire and unexplained longing or attraction for the occult and as a result are drawn into an occult plot. The…. [read more]

Health Care Systems Management Dissertation

… Health Care Systems Management

As the society grew and evolved, its focus on healthcare increased and it has eventually come to a situation in which the life expectancy at birth doubled or even tripled. Macau is for instance the country with the highest life expectancy at birth with 84.36 years. It is followed by Andorra with 82.51 years, Japan with 82.12 years and Singapore with 81.98 years. At the other end sit Angola with 38.20 years, Zambia with 38.63 years, Lesotho with 40.38 years and Mozambique with 41.18 years (Central Intelligence Agency, 2010).

The past few decades have witnessed numerous processes of global change, one of the most important of them being the liberalization of markets and the globalization of not just economies, but cultures,…. [read more]

Same Sex Adoption Research Paper

… When a "rigorous and auditable" study is done, using a qualitative approach within the Determinants of Health model, behaviors can be influenced, Lobaugh continues. The long-range goal within the context of social change using the Determinants of Health model is that "…discriminatory practices" will diminish and even "disappear" in those communities where gay and lesbian same sex couples wish to adopt children.

The Determinants of Health model has several goals once the assessment has been completed and the greater community has had a chance to grasp the substance of its results, Lobaugh explains (186): a) "multicultural awareness"; b) equal access to health care; c) assistance in family planning; d) healthy communication within the community; e) education and community-based programs; and f) "responsible sexual health behavior."…. [read more]

Hannah More Like Many Abolitionists Term Paper

… Therefore, liberty and abolition represent the true Christian doctrine, one based on humility, kindness, and liberty. More further denounces the professed spirituality of slave owners in the following stanza: "Thy followers only have effac'd the shame / Inscrib'd by SLAVERY on the Christian name," (249-250). Slavery has marred the name of Christianity because plantation owners avidly profess their connections to God. More tries to address the effacing of true Christianity in her poetry by employing religious imagery in connection with her discussion of libery. She sums up her abolitionist argument in the final three stanzas of "The Slave Trade." As her diction and tone become more passionate and evangelical, Hannah More lauds the power of Liberty as a quality of spiritual truth and as an…. [read more]

Southwest History Susan Shelby Magoffin Term Paper

… Santa Fe was quiet at the time, with only the sound of marching heard at the time. The new Mexicans could have welcomed the American forces for promise of protection they offered against the Texans. But only few of them quietly received the arriving American troops and the suspicion was that resistance was silenced by Governor Manuel Armijo who was said to have been paid by an American agent to turn New Mexico over peacefully. In any case, a military government under General Kearny was set up in Santa Fe and promised to honor the civil and religious rights of the New Mexicans. He kept his word but peace did not last long. Susan Shelby Magoffin recorded her observation of the leadership and behavior of…. [read more]

Martin Luther: Biographical Sketch Essay

… The writings of Luther faced strong condemnation by pope in 1518 who declared that his writings conflicted with the Church's teachings. Luther's teachings were also examined by a series of commissions. A public verdict known as the papal bull was issued by Pope Leo X in July 1520 concluding that the proposals of Luther were unorthodox and contradicted with accepted beliefs of the Christian community. He was asked to take back and disavow his propositions in 120 days in Rome. However, after Luther's refusal to repudiate, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1521 by Pope Leo (Atchley, 2010).

Split with the Church

Luther realized that he had to break with Rome. Therefore, he decided to make his position wider and thus aimed to…. [read more]

Purpose of Acts of the Apostles Term Paper

… ¶ … Book of Acts of the Apostles

The book of Acts has a great canonical importance evident from the fact that at no time did the early church dispute it. However, there are exceptions such as the Macionites, Ebionites, and Manichaeans, who were sects that were against the book based on assertions of principles that could not be proved. The apostolic fathers showed that they were acquainted to the book by a large extent. In addition, early Christians quoted from this book too. The book is part of the Muratorian canon, as well as the Syriac and the old Latin Version, which are adequate testimonies to prove the acceptance and usage of the book of the Acts of the Apostles

Given that it is…. [read more]

Ethnic Conflict II How Does Mertus Research Paper

… Ethnic Conflict II

How does Mertus explain ethnic conflict in Kosovo/a? Identify the bones of contention in ethnic conflict. What is the KLA? Discuss why its role was significant in Kosovo/a during the 1990s.

The conflict in Kosovo in the 1990s is still mired in mysteries, as scholars continue to debate the root causes of the conflict. Julie Mertus spent years covering the conflict in Kosovo and found out, as she says in an article she wrote for OpenDemocracy (2006), that the conflict was based on nationalism, more specifically myths. "To explain the ethnic animosities in Kosovo required exposure not of truth, but, rather, truth as myth," she says. "Serbs and Albanians based their behavior on what they believed to be true, not on what…. [read more]

Appealing to a White Christian Audience Research Paper

… Appealing to a white Christian audience, many early African-American writers used religious ideology to convince their audiences of the inhumanity and injustice of slavery. How does Frederick Douglass use Christian principles as a tool of persuasion in the "Appendix?"What clarification does Douglass provide in the "Appendix" of his views about the relation of religion and slavery?

Douglass's explanation of his own position on the institution of slavery within the United States that is contained within "Appendix" is quite profound. He uses the idea that slavery is a sort of religion within the U.S. that is to be opposed, as any good Christian would oppose the moral and religious slavery of another Christian. He points the finger at the hypocrisy that stems from the idea that…. [read more]

Women in Monasticism Famous Term Paper

… Among those who visited the monastery was Eudocia, the wife of Theodosius II and she referred to Melanie as 'my Mother'. (The beginning of Female Monasticism) Thus these institutions built up the reputation of the church.

Among the modern, and connected to the English speaking believers, was Christina. Christina suffered persecution from her family for the stand that she took. She had to escape and run away, to stay with a nearby anchoress, Alfwen, and hide there for two years. After that incident, she took refuge with a monk named Roger, at St. Albans. This was a continuation in hiding to escape her family and Burthred, the man she was betrothed to. Finally, the Archbishop of York gave her protection and then she took up…. [read more]

Children and Child Labor Term Paper

… For the majority of adolescents in these countries, access to education and employment opportunities are an absolute requirement for their continued status as "children"; if they fail to gain this access, males are targeted for conscription into either government or rebel militias, and females are vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

Rather than continuing to ignore the special needs of this category of refugees, authorities should draw on the experiences of other country programs that involve adolescents in youth leadership groups to take up campaigns on such issues as drug use, AIDS and early marriage.

Increasingly, there are circumstances where children, often adolescents, are required to take on domestic responsibility in households where parents are absent. Large-scale examples have occurred in Rwanda as a consequence of genocide…. [read more]

Autobiographical Term Paper

… As a Christian, I don't have a necessarily unique religious heritage although many aspects of the Christianity I was taught does differ significantly from the more secularized version taught to many Americans of European descent. I have particularly found that religion does not play as central a role in the dominant culture in America as it does within Puerto Rican society. Moreover, as a visible minority I do experience dissonance with American culture on certain occasions, a dissonance that has made me increasingly aware of the impact of my ethnicity on my personality and identity.

The dominant culture has different views toward family and marriage than my cultures of origin. Divorces are very common in the dominant culture for instance; families are small and many…. [read more]

Pursuit of Individualism and Objectivity in European Term Paper

… Pursuit of Individualism and Objectivity in European Renaissance

In the late Middle Ages, during the late 14th century, Europe, particularly Italy, had experienced "rebirth" after a series of chaos that is the Black Plague have wiped out the whole of European Civilization. Popularly called the Renaissance, this rebirth had spurred growth not only in the European population, but also in the emergence of "unprecedented ideological expansion" (Kagan, 1995:356).

In effect, with the development of ideologies that helped flourish European civilization during the Renaissance, this paper looks closely at two important ideologies that helped promote significant political, economic, and scientific revolutions in the continent for the next centuries. These two important ideologies are individualism and objectivity. The first ideology helped improve the state of natural philosophy…. [read more]

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