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Body, Identity, and Gender From Birth Term Paper

… Language can be the vehicle that brings people together. It can also be the vehicle that separates people through barriers of communication. In a multicultural world, language can be a help as well as a hindrance and a means to keep others out of the mainstream and without an identity.

In her book Woman Native Other, Trinh Minh-ha shows how language can infiltrate and change the perspective and reality. In one of the chapters, "Difference: A Third-World Women Issue," she writes about "words manipulated at will." The word "difference" can actually be used as "division," when understood that way by the majority. Such distinctions act as a tool of self-defense and conquest (82). Third-World Women writers are made to feel like zoo animals, even by…. [read more]

Gender Identity Thesis

… Gender Identity Defined

The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze several essays from the book "Signs of Life in the U.S.A." edited by Sonia Maasik and Jack Solomon. Specifically it will consider the debate over the origins of gender identity: Is it primarily biological or largely socially constructed? Gender identity is something just about everyone struggles with at one point or another. There are girls who want to excel at athletics and science, and boys who want to excel at fashion design and color coordination, and these desires directly oppose the gender roles society places on men and women. Gender identity then, is largely socially constructed, but for many people who struggle with their identities from a young age, gender identity…. [read more]

Nationalism, Gender, Thesis

… ¶ … Nationalism, Gender, And the Nation

The objective of this paper is to answer the question of whether policies of nationalist government modernize gender relations or do they represent a traditionalist aim to preserve or reestablish unequal and pre-modern gender relations, in effect archaizing gender relations? Another important goal is to connect this to a more specific question of "How does the notion of women as biological reproducers of the nation influence reproductive choices of women and nationalist agendas behind reproductive policy in socialist and postsocialist Poland?"

It does not really matter what country or region of the world in which the women lives there are always inherently, biologically, and perhaps even genetically related reasons why the woman does not realize the same autonomy…. [read more]

Gender and Identity Formation Term Paper

… Gender and Identity Formation in Robinson's Housekeeping and Baldwin's "Blues for Mister Charlie"

Both the novel Housekeeping by Marilynn Robinson and the play "Blues for Mister Charlie" by James Baldwin deal with coming of age identity conflicts amongst marginalized peoples and long-simmering community conflicts that come to a boil after the homecoming of one of the protagonists. Robinson's text is framed around the coming of age of young women growing up in rural Idaho in the mid-1900s. The girls experience a crisis of feminine identity after they are deprived of their mother, who commits suicide at the beginning of the book. One of the girls in Robinson's text, Ruth, is unwilling to submit herself to the conventional norms and constructions of gender formulation common to…. [read more]

Gender Roles in Contemporary Culture Essay

… And role-switching has generated tremendous cultural anxiety. Men said they had "difficulties in assuming primary responsibility for children, with nearly one in five (17%) admitting it makes them feel 'less of a man', 13% claiming they found looking after the children harder than going out to work, and 13% saying they wished they earned more than their partner so they could go back to work" (King 2011).

The ideals of Fight Club tap into the frustrations of men who feel that they have less economic power than ever before and that the traditional physical tools bestowed upon men that give them power are no longer effective. Tyler's anti-capitalism reflects a sense that even the male-dominated market has now failed men, as many women are earning…. [read more]

Psychology of Gender in Psychological Research Paper

… Today, the theory that is heavily touted as correct is the Interactional Model, which says that it is neither nature (biological control) nor nurture (social models and the environment) which are solely responsible for anything having to do with our inherent identity, but each of them working together to develop a person (Crooks, & Baur, 2008). It is next to impossible to say that biology is solely responsible for a person's gender because so many aspects of our development in the womb are still unknown, and those effects are virtually impossible to test, or unethical to test. We also cannot say that environment and child rearing techniques are the root cause, because, as evidenced by David Reimer and other intersexed children, those outcomes have been…. [read more]

Ethnology: Balinese vs. The Lahu Essay

… 3. Qhawqhat Lahu of Lancang, Southwest China

The Lahu populate a mountainous area of China along a border region adjacent to Burma, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam (Du 523). Subsistence depends on farming hill rice, wheat, and buckwheat, domesticated animals, and foraging for food in the forests and streams. Of the 63 households constituting the Qhawqhat village, 51 did indeed share labor equally between the male and female heads of household inside and outside the home (531). The other 12 households experienced unequal divisions of labor due to sickness, government obligations, and laziness. Even though males dominated the later group, these are primarily due to the imposition of government obligations by China's government.

Despite the apparent lack of gender roles when it comes to subsistence labor,…. [read more]

Gender in the 19Th Century Novel Essay

… Similarly too Emily Bronte's Heathcliff "forgets" or is made to forget who and what he was; Mary Shelley's monster is "born" without either a memory or a family history…what all these characters and their authors really fear they have forgotten is precisely that aspect of their lives which has been kept from them by patriarchal poetics: their matrilineal heritage of literary strength, their "female power" which…is important to them because of (not in spite of) their mothers. (Gilbert and Gubar 59)

Gilbert and Gubar are certainly right here, that to a certain extent what is central in a feminist conception of the "matrilineal heritage" of literary genealogies is the prospect of identifying with one's precursor. (It might be worth noting that Mary Shelley conducted her…. [read more]

Sexual Relationships Figure Term Paper

… 3.2. Sexuality and creative freedom

Foucault also explores the possibilities of sexual freedom and what it means as an expression of individuality and identity. Sexual freedom, which is aligned to freedom from determination and control, lies within a general freedom that the individual should enjoy, but which is perverted or prevented by the dominant power and thought structures in society. For Foucault sexuality is

... part of our world freedom ... something we ourselves create and much more than the discovery of a secret side of our desire. We have to understand that with our desires, through our desires, go new forms of relationships, new forms of love, and new forms of creation. Sex is not a fatality: it's a possibility for creative life, a…. [read more]

Social Issue of Body Image Term Paper

… ¶ … Social Issue of Body Image from a Feminist Perspective

Women experience the world in ways that are inextricably connected with the perceptions of body image. Not only do American women experience a number of physiological phenomenon that are uniquely female, they are also subjected to a wide range of powerful cultural forces that affect their perceptions of their body and how they relate to their own sense of self-worth. Feminist authors such as Dr. Nancy Chodorow and Rosemary Tong have suggested these forces continue to be played out in the social sphere because there is a lot of money at stake, and it is just good business sense to keep women insecure about their bodies. This paper provides an overview of the social…. [read more]

Human Nature That People Essay

… Far from being biological in origin, identities are constructed by the society that a person lives in.

Gender and biological differences of gender are not so clear. Gender differences are a social construction created by humans who like to have clarity in their lives. In reality, although biological differences do exist they do not necessarily indicate differences of roles or demarcation of capacities. More so, there are a large number of individuals who are intesexed and it is difficult to tell whether they are male or female. Given these facts the popular the view that there are only two genders in a dichotomous relationship need not necessarily be so.


Fine, C. " sex and premature speculation" in Delusions of gender: the real science behind…. [read more]

Women's Biology Review and Critique Essay

… Uterine fibroids are tumors that develop on the smooth muscles on the uterus. The tumors have a prevalence ranging between 20 to 50% of women based on the age, ethnicity and the intervention used in detecting the problem (Donnette & Horace, 2012).

In a recent research study conducted, these tumors were present in over 77% of post-mortem specimens examined. In that research, more than 50% of women tested asymptomatic. Hormone estrogen influences the development of uterine fibroids, is present after the menarche, and disappears after menopause. Usually, the patient feels inferior and the most affected women are from African ancestry. Some of the common problems of uterine fibroids include menorrhagia with symptoms of anemia, dysmenorrhoea, pressure signs, abdominal swelling, and infertility. Infertility is a severe…. [read more]

Human Development in the Environment Term Paper

… ¶ … Asher Lev

Just as one can develop a sociological analysis of the development of a person in the environment in which he or she was raised and make certain judgments about what influenced that development and how, so can one do the same thing with a fictional character, assuming the author has provide sufficient data that can be used for this purpose. A novel that is detailed enough to make such an analysis and that also involves an interesting milieu in which the central character is raised is My Name Is Asher Lev by Potok (2003).

Lev is a fully developed character living in a community that is largely unfamiliar to most Americans, the Ladover Hassidic community in Brooklyn. This is a highly…. [read more]

Room of Her Own," Feminist Term Paper

… While the word is simple enough, there is enough conflict in its interpretation, which many have averred to be a good reason to castigate it in any form. No work on female gender identity would be complete without mentioning the different ways in which feminists identify themselves. Affirmative Action Feminism is about equal representation. Amazon feminism is related to the female hero in fact or fiction. Anarcho-feminism is synonymous with radical feminism. Christian feminists are Christian and pro-life. Constructionist feminists grudgingly conform to traditional societal norms. Cultural feminists subscribe to the women are more kinder and gentler than men theory. Difference feminists believe that they are subservient to a society created for men by men. And so on. Different women based on their personalities tweak…. [read more]

Fashion and Appearance Central to the Construction Essay


The objective of this work is to answer the question of how is fashion and appearance central to the construction of social identities and to present a discussion that includes reference to specific examples.

The literature examined in this study clearly indicates that fashion and appearance are central to the construction of social identities. For example, the work of Christopher Breward (1999) entitled; "The Hidden Consumer: Masculinities, Fashion and City Life in 1860-1914" states that the study of "...masculinities, fashion and urban culture is rarely addressed in the same work since the dominant wisdom has long held that consumption was a feminine enterprise and that pre-War British and American men were reluctant consumers…. [read more]

Helping Kids and Teachers Not to Hate Research Proposal

… ¶ … Kids (and teachers) not to hate

Gender Identity/Roles and Sexual Orientation and Teachers of Young Children

In this article, the author discusses how teachers of young children can answer and address questions regarding sexual orientation and identity. The article suggests that these topics may arise through student questions and/or behavior, as well as questions raised by parents. Despite the fact that these questions are very common, the article suggests that some teachers are afraid to deal with these topics; they are concerned with parents' opinions, the community, and confusing a student, in addition to the possibility of harming a student by making that student think that it is only OK to have one type of sexual orientation. The article suggests reading literature, asking…. [read more]

Anna Quindlen's "The Name Essay

… Moreover, Quindlen understands that marriage and parenting are not necessarily patriarchal structures. She understands that women can retain their identities within these structures. The name is a symbol of that personal identity, "a simple statement that I was somebody and not an adjunct of anybody, especially a husband," (section 2). The tone in Marge Piercy's "Barbie Doll" is more pessimistic because the poem finishes with imagery that is grim and morbid. "So she cut off her nose and legs / and offered them up. / In the casket displayed on satin she lay," (p. 387). The "happy ending" that Piercy refers to in the last line is sarcastic, and it also symbolizes the underground sex trade in which women give massages the have "happy endings"…. [read more]

Lesbian and Other Gay Issues and Research Research Paper

… ¶ … Lesbian and Other Gay Issues and Research

How and why do women "become" lesbians? When a woman grows up believing she is heterosexual, and then at 25 years of age begins having bisexual relationships, then why at the age of 38 years would she believe she is indeed gay? Are there links between childhood sexual abuse and later lesbianism in a woman's life? Is it a foreshadowing of homosexuality when at the age of eight years or so a girl begins to sense that she is attracted to other girls? These questions and others will be addressed in this research paper through the use of scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.

Transitions from Heterosexuality to Lesbianism. In the journal Developmental Psychology the authors research the…. [read more]

Social Psychology of Boys Don't Cry Thesis

… ¶ … Social Psychology of Boys Don't Cry

The movie Boys Don't Cry is a premium example of how movies demonstrate social psychological phenomena. This should come as no surprise because the movie takes its material from the real life story of Brandon Teena, a young pre-operative trans-gendered individual, seeking to have his female sexual organs transformed through a sex-change operation, so that his outside appearance can match his gender identity, which is male. As a movie that deals with a transsexuality, Boys Don't Cry touches on some of the major issues in social psychology, including prejudice, gender, discrimination, attitudes, attitude change, person perception, self, social influence, interpersonal attraction, personal relationships, helping behavior, and aggression. Even more interesting is how the movie demonstrates the interplay…. [read more]

Psychological Concepts. In Some Questions Essay

… Hence it can be concluded that it is up to Beth use operant conditioning to not make any friends or to increase her number of friends.

Answer 5:

Retroactive Interference is when new information learned makes it difficult to recall information stored earlier. The public park picture was shown first to the participants and they stored whatever they could from the picture. Immediately after that, they were shown several other pictures thus, they had to store new information. This bombarding of new information into the storing system of the brain makes it difficult for the participants to recall what they saw first in the public park picture. The result was that most of them mistook the man to be the oppressor and not the woman.…. [read more]

Counseling People From Other Cultures Term Paper

… 2). Consequently, Latinas tend to drop out of high school at alarming rates, and even when they do remain in school, they do not perform up to their potential. Given the powerful messages they receive at home and the marginalized conditions they endure in school, it is little wonder these young people are placed at a disadvantage. As Vives (2008) emphasizes, "As a result of this harassment, [Latina] students often stay home, cut class, or don't contribute. They can't concentrate on school work and suffer lowered self-esteem and self-confidence" (p. 2). Furthermore, bilingual services are non-existent or poor at many schools and this leads to disillusionment. There is a pervasive negative attitude of school personnel toward non-English languages and the people who speak them. A…. [read more]

Passing of the Civil Rights Term Paper

… Their protest against the homosexuals not only demonstrates how biased they are but also that they have tunnel vision views. Protestors can not comprehend that their protest will extend the sufferings of homosexuals who indeed represent the oppressed and suppressed class of our society. Of course, the passing of homosexual's civil rights protection may augment this class but one should realize the great danger our society will be in if it is not passed. Hate crimes and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation would increase. Hence, it would be preferable for protestors not to oppose the passing of the civil rights protection of the homosexuals. There is no way that homosexuals can be eliminated from our society and since they do exist, then laws…. [read more]

Sexual Development Essay

… ¶ … sexual development and maturity begins with the fertilization of the ova by the sperm. In a unique process, the DNA chain of the ova and sperm separates and connects with one another, creating an entirely new chromosome mixture. Determining the sex of the child happens in the last pair of the chromosome chain, with two Xs resulting in a girl and an XY resulting in a boy. Sexual maturation begins at puberty, when gonadotropin-releasing hormones secreted by the hypothalmus. These hormones are the primary controller of sexual dimorphism. However, what actually affects sexual orientation is an often hotly contested topic for debate. Although some believe it is nurture rather than nature, previous research has found that sexual orientation, such as homosexuality, instead may…. [read more]

Woman? The Book, 'Aren Book Review

… The thing that did not work for me was the space in the book that discussed on the status of the women after the reconstruction of the south. Little space in the book was set aside to discuss about the positive experiences that women enjoyed after the reconstruction of the south. In my opinion, the author should have given equal space in this section just the one used in explaining the bad experience that black women faced in the Antebellum America (White 33).

4.0 Conclusion

In conclusion, this book would interest many people interested in the gender studies and women's rights. The book will provide guidance and key information on the historical abuses of women have faced in history. In addition, this book will interest…. [read more]

Marry a Mexican, Highlighting Underlining Essay

… "I'll never marry…Mexican men, forget it…For a long time the men clearing off the tables or chopping meat behind the butcher counter or driving the bus I road to school today, those weren't men. Not men I considered potential lovers. ..I never saw them…my mother did this to me" (Cisneros 69). The narrator longs for a different life than her mother.

The reason for her mother's unhappiness lay in the class differences between herself and her husband. This is starkly apparent when the narrator compares her father and mother: "a Mexican girl who didn't know enough to set a place for each course at dinner, nor how to fold cloth napkins… [at my mother's house] all the dishes cracked and chipped, nothing matched… [my father]…. [read more]

Sweet's Syndrome Diagnosis & Treatment Case Study

… In addition, more recent population surveys have included data concerning gender identity, and the findings that have emerged from this research confirm that growth in the LGBT community which has also contributed to growing public acceptance. This cycle has, in turn, encouraged even greater numbers of individuals to publicly reveal their gender identities and it is reasonable to suggest that additional scholarship in this area will show that clinicians can expect to encounter increasing numbers of the LGBT community in the future.

Based on their analysis of the most recent population survey data, Meerwijk and Sevelius estimate that the current population of transsexual individuals in the United States is 390 adults per 100,000 or approximately one million adults nationwide. Although Meerwijk and Sevelius concede…. [read more]

Dark Age and the Archaic Term Paper

… Spartan males were raised to be warriors and Spartan females were raised to be subservient and serve Spartan males. Examining the system, it is clear that Spartan women suffered from systemic political gender discrimination, but it is equally clear that the rigid gender roles deprived Spartan males of many of the aspects of life generally considered critical for happiness and good mental health. In fact, the Spartan ideal for manliness was one of physical perfection, so that imperfect male infants were left to die or placed into slavery. This is one way where Spartan males were placed to a much higher standard than Spartan females. Males were also deprived of significant maternal contact and comfort; they were raised by wet-nurses and they were not shown…. [read more]

Buchi Emecheta the Joys of Motherhood Thesis

… Female Ways of Identity Shaping -- the Joys of Motherhood

This ironic and even cryptic title of Buchi Emecheta's book is as far from the substance of her narrative as Africa is from Germany. What the book does convey with passion and realism is that motherhood in this African tale is a struggle -- and potentially a reward -- for those women who battle through adversity the way that Emecheta's character has done. The canvas that Emecheta paints with her talented brushstrokes takes the reader on a journey that, along the way, has serious roadblocks, pitfalls and challenges. It is a fascinating literary narrative, worthy on its own merits and world class in its adherence to descriptive excellence and quality of character development. And moreover,…. [read more]

Sexual Health Reaction Paper

… Teenagers who do not have parents who are honest and open with them will be prone to listening to misinformed peers, believing in superstitions, and open to receiving misinformation from churches and schools. Parents have the power to combat misinformation by educating themselves and using resources like Fulbright's.

Therefore, parents need to educate themselves first before educating their teens. Reading up-to-date materials on the Internet, including but not limited to Fulbright's website, is a first step. Second, parents need to have a sense of humor when addressing their children so that the conversation remains lighthearted rather than heavy and difficult. Finally, the parent needs to broach the subject regularly. It is a mistake to believe that one discussion will have a meaningful impact on the…. [read more]

Homosexuals Should Not Be Ordained Research Paper

… This is a key concept to understand because it is this continual and willful sinful nature that is problematic. It should be noted that anyone living in habitual and/or willful sins should not be ordained in the ministry. The study of John makes it clear that one cannot live in the light and live in sin at the same time. "Everyone who sins is breaking God's law, for all sin is contrary to the law of God." (1 Jn. 3:4 NLT). However, more importantly, "Those who have been born into God's family do not make a practice of sinning, because God's life is in them. So they can't keep on sinning, because they are children of God." (1 Jn. 3:9 NLT). No one is without…. [read more]

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