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Bombing of Hiroshima Raises Essay

… In addition, the horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki served as a warning to the world's nuclear powers about the devastation of those bombs. A case could be made that these bombings prevented other nuclear attacks during the Cold War, such was the fear of the outcomes.

There is a counterargument to the utilitarian case, however, in that the choice to bomb or to invade may not have been a binary one. While the Japanese were unwilling to surrender under the conditions of the Potsdam Declaration, the Allies treated the Declaration, as though there were no other choices. Rather, they could have simply pushed Japan back to its principle islands, and left the war at a stalemate. This approach was utilized later in Korea, for example.…. [read more]


Hiroshima Bombing the Manhattan Project Term Paper

… This would reinforce the idea of the United States as a humanitarian nation, according to Bard. However, it is my feeling that the greater humanitarian purpose is served if the bomb is not used at all.

After witnessing the effects of the bomb at the Trinity test site, I cannot in good conscience allow our work to be used for mass destruction. The destructive effects - both foreseen and unforeseen - of the bomb are simply too extensive.

Bard goes on to suggest alternatives for using atomic power to force surrender from Japan. The country should be given the opportunity to surrender without using unnecessary and destructive force. It is suggested that representatives from Japan be contacted with negotiations regarding the surrender of this country.…. [read more]


Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Term Paper

… Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The events that took place in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 represented one of the largest tragedies humanity had experienced throughout its history. The impact is considered to be immense not so much in the light of the power of the bombs used in the nuclear attacks, but rather from the perspective of the human damage it caused among the Japanese population. There have been numerous discussions over the real necessity of a nuclear strike against the war time enemy, Japan, and there are arguments for and against this claim. However, taking into account the war conditions and the deterioration of the relations between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R., it can be said that, without regard to the…. [read more]


Atomic Bomb in Japan President Term Paper

… This legacy of death has continued to linger over the two cities that were bombed. Today, Japan and America are allies, but the memories of the bombs will never fade, and there are memorials to the victims of the bombings in both cities (Osborn). In addition, the atomic bomb created a nuclear arms race between Russia and the U.S. that led to the Cold War after the bomb was dropped. After the bomb was dropped, many groups assessed the physical and emotional damage it caused. The Franck Report was almost uncanny in its evaluation of what would happen to the world after the bomb was dropped. The report said, "If the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, it would lose world support, precipitate…. [read more]


Japanese Attitudes Toward the Atomic Bombs Term Paper

… Japanese Attitude Towards the Atomic Bombings

Japanese Attitude Towards the Atomic Bomb Attacks on Hiroshima & Nagasaki

The atomic bomb has only been used twice against human beings. The first nuclear device was dropped by the United States on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on the morning of August 6, 1945 and the second was detonated over the city of Nagasaki three days later. In both Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 50% of all those located within 1.2 kilometers of the hypocenter died instantly, while 80 to 100% of those exposed at this distance eventually died from wounds or radiation released by the bomb. (Selden and Seldon xxi) It was the single most devastating attack on human beings by a man-made device in the history of mankind.…. [read more]


Dropping the Atom Bomb Term Paper

… The orders were approved by Secretary of War Henry Stimson and Army Chief of Staff George Marshall, as well as by President Truman. The instructions listed the targets to be attacked. Hiroshima was an industrial area with many military installations. Nagasaki was a major port with shipbuilding and marine repair facilities. In general, the participants in the decision to use multiple bombs largely based their decision on the expected psychological effect on the Japanese government and the desire to end WWII. As expected, just after the bombs were dropped, Japan's Emperor Hirohito was convinced that further resistance would be useless and took an unprecedented step in Japanese history by surrendering to save the lives of his people from additional attacks.

As a result of the…. [read more]


United States' Decision to Drop Term Paper

… The United States' real motivation for bombing Nagasaki and Hiroshima is often regarded as motivated by the United States' desire to have decisive victory. By using the atomic bomb, the U.S. conveyed a clear message to the rest of the world about U.S. military power and the consequences of military action against the United States.

Critics have also argued that the United States' decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki heralded an era in which fear and terror about the use of nuclear weapons dominated the world stage. Certainly, images of the human costs of the bombing of Hiroshima were disturbing and haunting. Both Americans and citizens of other countries around the world understandably reacted to these images with fear and horror. The…. [read more]


Grave of the Fireflies the Atomic Bombings Movie Review

… Grave of the Fireflies

The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are an absent presence in this film. How is this absent trauma reproduced through other absences in the film: the absent parents/relatives, the absent house, the absent buildings, the absent American soldiers hidden inside planes that are often heard but not seen, etc. Does this film suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder or is it cathartic? Provide examples and textual support to argue in the negative or the affirmative.

The 1988 film Grave of the Fireflies depicts many atrocities associated with war and in this sense several that really occurred in Japan near the close of WWII. Some people question the absence of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, yet this absent trauma is reflective of…. [read more]


Feared Terrorist Acts Research Paper

… According to reports, not only were 86 cars destroyed but also the blast contributed in making hundreds of people homeless after the attack. Not less to mention those injured by the bombings, the survivors also suffered a huge loss in terms of losing their loved ones and their properties. In addition, the psychological affects that they bore soon after the attack and years after the incident accounted for much destruction in both tangible and intangible forms. The blast was reported to have a weight of 5000 pounds as aimed by McVeigh and was heard up to 89 kilometers from the spot of occurrence (Rappoport, Pg.178).

Reported casualties after the blast:

Sources gathered sufficient and reliable information of the blast and reported that at the time…. [read more]


Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay

… War Morality

The author of this report has been asked to offer an essay based on some questions that center on the work of Jonathan Glover. The first question that will be answered will be what the principal psychological processes through which moral identity is neutralized or negated when it comes to "war at a distance." Further, it will be exampled how these psychological processes could or should be looked at when it comes to the actions of the United States during World War II, most notably the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Based on Glover's principles, it is asked whether the use of the atomic bomb was consistent or inconsistent with the ideas of a just war. It will also be identified why…. [read more]


Bombing of Hiroshima Studies Term Paper

… This leads to the conclusion that the exposure of the parents before conception and birth may have been a contributing factor to genetic defects resulting in infant death as well.

Studies concentrating on the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl have also indicated that exposure to radiation, even years after the fact, have negative implications when it comes to birth defects (Stone, 2001).

CONCLUSION

The research is in and there is no denying the impact radiation has on genetic birth defects. Exposure before conception carries a risk of specific birth defects including mental retardation and childhood cancers. For these risks to be avoided in the future it is important to re-evaluate the location of nuclear reactor sites as well as the frequency of x-rays.

REFERENCES

The Basics…. [read more]


Air Pollution Term Paper

… The natural protective layer of ozone in the upper atmosphere protects us from the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays, on the contrary man-made ground -level ozone is harmful to us and all living things inhibiting our planet.

Nitrogen Dioxide

Oxides of nitrogen include NO and NO2. These have lower reactivity than Ozone. Nitrogen dioxide dissolves in water in the airways to form nitric and nitrous acids, which damage the airway epithelial lining. Children and patients with asthma have increased susceptibility to nitrogen dioxide; there is a wide variation in individual responses to this pollutant.

Nature and Sources OF Nitrogen Dioxide

Nitrogen dioxide is a light brown gas that is an essential constituent of fog in cities. High-temperature burning processes; such as discharge by vehicles and power…. [read more]


Atomic Bombs Essay

… Atomic Bombs

Even to this day there is great debate that goes on among historians about whether dropping the atomic bomb was the right thing to do or not. Japan had a unique view about fighting dying for there country in battle, they would have literally fought to the last man. Japan also cruelly mistreated prisoners in the Philippines. And lastly Japanese civilians would have died anyway. Japan had a guiding principle during the battle that the most honorable death was to die in battle for your country. When the United States began to fight the Japanese on Islands in the pacific they experienced some of the most intense battles of the war. The Japanese refused to withdraw, and would fight to the last man…. [read more]


War Is Always a Collective Essay

… Shigematsu also received the same dose of radiation that she did, perhaps more, but is never shown with any visible signs of the sickness, while he seems to both remember and forget the events of the bombing, with denial and memory "continually recycling and replenishing the other" (Cavanaugh 257). Yuichi acts out his battle memories in public, however, and others join in to play parts in the drama, and later his stone Jizo statues, with faces "anguish, terror, pain" serve as his silent audience (Cavanaugh 265). Many survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also used art, sculpture and writing to preserve memories of the bombing that were denied and covered up by official sources.

Yasuko also has flashbacks to Hiroshima immediately before the bombing, such as…. [read more]


World War II Ww Essay

… Slowly the Americans invaded and liberated a number of islands until the were in a position to begin an air campaign against the Japanese homeland. With the capture of the Marianas, Iwo Jima, and finally Okinawa, the Americans came to hold the position of being able to strike at Japan with their heavy bombers and begin inflicting massive damage to their industrial base. But two years of air attacks and the destruction of several Japanese cities through firebombing still was not enough for the Japanese military to surrender.

Despite the carnage, the Japanese military wanted to fight to the death and forced the Japanese people to stand alongside them. Facing the thought of an American invasion of the Japanese home islands, and the possibility of…. [read more]


Richard B. Frank's Downfall Term Paper

… Frank's Downfall And The American Bombing Of Japan

According to Richard Frank, there were three basic options that Americans could have employed with regard to ending the Pacific war during the spring and summer of 1945: "(1) Encirclement, meaning blockade and bombardment; (2) invasion; and (3) both, pursuing encirclement while preparing fully for invasion" (34). Nimitz was one of the experts among others who believed that encirclement was the best option until they could be sure that an invasion would be successful, as an invasion would cause enormous casualties. However, Marshall and MacArthur thought that a blockade and bombardment would indeed avoid the high casualties of an invasion; an invasion might be doable if the Russians entered the war (Frank, 34). MacArthur was the one…. [read more]


Japan 1941-1945 and the Acts of Belligerence Term Paper

… ¶ … Japan 1941-1945 and the acts of belligerence that the nation displayed including the attack on Pearl Harbor. The writer examines the strategy behind the bombing of Hiroshima. The writer examines the fact that had Japan remained more patient she would not have had to engage in a war or wake the American sleeping giant with an unprovoked attack.

PATIENCE WOULD HAVE BEEN a VIRTURE

When the attacks on the World Trade Towers occurred September 11, 2001, Americans immediately began comparing it to that fateful day in 1941 when Japan launched an attack on Pearl Harbor. While the attack on the Trade Towers was horrific in nature it was founded in a small faction group trying to display their anger at America. The Pearl…. [read more]


WW2 Momentum Shift 1942-1944 Essay

… It was evident that the bombings succeeded in vastly causing collateral damage to the Germany war factories, the aircraft plants, transport sector and the oil facilities, but noticeably it failed to kill the spirits and morale of the people (Rogole J.A., 2002:Pp27).

Conclusion

The WWII was not just a war of weapons as was the WWI but it involved much more than just that. It involved a lot of diplomacy playing out between countries hence formation of alliances which were basically means of showing allegiance to some countries. The main driving force behind the formation of the alliances was to get enough military muscle to outweigh the enemy and hence be able to either protect your own territory or even carry out expansion as Japan…. [read more]


Flight and Its Impact Research Paper

… Military -- Flight and its Impact on the U.S. Military

Though military use of flight was slow in the earliest days of 20th Century America, Post-World War IU.S. military involvements rapidly accelerated the development of flight, revolutionizing warfare. Initially a matter of curiosity during the Wright Brothers' historic flight, aviation gradually gained ground in the mindset of the U.S. Military. As a result, during the 20th Century and particularly in the course of each war in which the United States participated, aviation became a vital factor in America's supremacy over the globe and Space.

Though military use of flight was slow in the earliest days of 20th Century America, Post-World War IU.S. military involvements rapidly accelerated the development of flight, revolutionizing warfare. In the earliest…. [read more]


Post-War Japan the Depiction Essay

… And I don't want to talk about it" (Voice of Hibakusha). The documentary was made forty years after the attack and she is still impacted by the tragedy. She is unable to speak about it and does not want her children to know about the experience. The people who were interviewed for the documentary all suffered some sort of emotional trauma from the bombings and their victimization continues even after the events have become a part of the past.

These to depictions of victimization differ mainly by the cause of it. Voice of Hibakusha deals with real events and cannot be interpreted by an artistic lens; whereas, Gojira is an artistic representation of Japanese victimization. In Gojira the Japanese are the cause of their victimization…. [read more]


Euthanasia War and Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … non-moral or religious standpoint; while individual suicide is illigeal in many countries, the more legalistic issue is final exit, or assisted suicide that is advocated by many right-to-die organizations. There is not necessarily a completely clear legal distinction between "assisted suicide" and "final exit suicide." Advocates of final exit suicide will say that the decision to end one's life should remain with the individual, not the State. And if a group or another person lends information that can help someone end pain and suffering, that is not murder or manslaughter. If another individual assists in helping someone commit suicide, they are, in legal terms, abetting a felony. The predominant medical view in the United States holds that anyone who wants to willingly end…. [read more]


Soviet Union Participated Essay

… After considering some of the facts of the case however, it appears that this may in fact be the case that nuclear weapons do not really work and what the intelligence community has been conditioned to understand as true is really a falsity.

Firstly, the nuclear theory of the atom is just a theory and protons, electrons and neutrons are merely models of other energies. Scientists cannot produce electrons in any form, they can only create situations where electrons appear to exist. Induction being a key component of science leads the analyst to conclude that if electrons do not really exist, then the entire idea of fusion and fission are also based upon false premises as well.

The displays of nuclear weaponry are not convincing…. [read more]


Curtis Lemay: Using Hersey-Blanchard Leadership Research Paper

… Got any comments?"[footnoteRef:12] He was also a tireless advocate for providing better conditions for his men. However, "one story that circulated about him was that when a group of colonels invited him to dinner he replied with a scowl, 'a man should have dinner with his friends, and the commanding general has no friends.'"[footnoteRef:13] Yet he did demand to see all of his officers once a week, telling them they did not need an appointment, just to walk in the door. When he trusted men, allowed them to make decisions on their own, but only if he was sure that their views were consistent with his own. [12: Narvaez, 1990.] [13: Narvaez, 1990.]

Despite his hard exterior, LeMay's daughter recalled him often asking people to…. [read more]


Nuclear Weaponry Nuclear Weapons Research Paper

… In that respect, the most popular front of war -- particularly during the Cold War -- was drastically altered and came to include a political chess game in which countries would feint at one another and prepare to engage in battle (the likes of which could conceivably destroy the planet) and actually do nothing but disarm and mount similar latent "offensives" by seeking other such targets.

The effects of nuclear weapons, as demonstrated by the political objectives of varying nation states and by the particular enemies and opponents who face one another, are still being felt today. One of the principle reasons that the United States attempted to overthrow Saddam Hussein and his progenies power in Iraq was because the nation was believed to be…. [read more]


Energy and the 21st Century Term Paper

… ¶ … energy" is hard to define, because the concept of energy is embedded in the infrastructure of our daily lives. In the natural sciences, energy can be loosely defined as the capacity of a system to do work. In this case, work is the result of application of a force through distance. Since there exists many different types of forces that operate within this world, there are many different methods in which energy forms. The specific focus of this analysis will look at mechanical, chemical, atomic and nuclear energies. All of these energy types can be further grouped into two broad general categories, kinetic energy or the energy of motion, and potential energy or the energy of position.

To answer the question of the…. [read more]


Ethics and Morality One Example Essay

… " Those who are wealthy have greater access to government, financial and legal resources, etc., than those in the middle and lower socio-economic strata. That is, money buys access, better legal representation, and so on and thus enhances the "rights" of those with economic means while diminish the rights of those without. Also, a part of Rawls' second principle is violated in that economic inequalities are not arranged so that they benefit the least-advantaged in society; and also access to positions and offices are not open to everyone under conditions of fair equality of opportunity. Wealth seems to create structural inequality. It seems that in a modern, complex, industrial, and democratic state, there needs to be some sort of mechanism that at least fosters material…. [read more]


Iran's Nuclear Program Essay

… Iran and Nuclear Power

The understanding and use of nuclear power, of course, goes back to August, 1945, when the United States dropped weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. For a few years, the only member of the nuclear club was the United States; but soon through espionage and the capture of numerous German scientists, the Soviets had their version, and the domino effect occurred. The Cold War is generally termed the period of tension between the U.S.S.R. And its allies (the Warsaw Pact) and the United States and Allies (NATO) after World War II. Tensions heightened after the surrender of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy when Josef Stalin of the U.S.S.R. occupied Eastern Europe and created, as Winston Churchill called it, "An Iron Curtain."…. [read more]


World War II Term Paper

… World War II or the Second World War turned out to be a war that was proceeding by 1939 and then finished up 1945. It had a lot to do with a huge mainstream of the world's states -- will involves all of the big powers -- ultimately starting two contrasting military associations: the Axis and the Allies. It was the most extensive war in history, with more than 100 million individuals that had served in any of the military units. In locations of "all out war," the main members put their entire financial, business, and scientific competences at the delivery of the war effort, eliminating the difference among civilian and military capitals. Marked by important proceedings linking the mass death of civilians, counting the…. [read more]


Truman and the Atomic Bomb Thesis

… Truman and the Atomic Bomb

Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman became the 33rd president of the United States in 1945. He was born in Lamar, Missouri in 1884 but grew up in Independence. He was a prosperous farmer in Missouri until he became a captain in the field artillery in France during World War I. Back in the United States, he married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace. He became active in the Democratic Party. He was elected judge of the Jackson County Court in 1922. He became a senator in 1934. During World War II, he was head of the Senate war investigating committee. This committee looked into the waste and corruption situation. It also saved as much as $15 billion. He remained a senator until…. [read more]


Attacks on Pearl Harbor Term Paper

… Indications leading to the Attacks

Even though the attacks on Pearl Harbor and the World Trade Center have been portrayed as completely unexpected and unforeseen actions, both these events had been directed by apparent signs and signals that the United States had been confronting a looming danger (36). Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the relationship between the Americans and the Japanese had arrived at its lowest point (7). Not later than the summer of 1941, the government of the then American President, Franklin Roosevelt, had set economic sanctions on the Japanese government to compel them to stop their conflict with China. Historians have given reference to these sanctions as the contiguous reason of the Japanese attack on the Pearl Harbor. The Japanese government refused…. [read more]

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