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Fire Science Thesis

… Fire Science: Building Design, Construction Methods, And Collapse

In the construction industry, there are a lot of variables that can affect how fast something is built, the quality of it, and the cost -- and also how well it holds up and what happens to it in a fire. It is important to look at construction methods from the perspective of the past, present, and future to more clearly see this, because the way that a building reacts to fire has much to do with whether building codes are changed and updated. One of the most common types of construction all over the world is prefab construction. This has changed when it comes to how the prefab construction is addressed, but the basic idea of…. [read more]


Fire Department Reviewing and Changing Research Proposal

… Another factor that need to be taken into consideration here and that has also been agreed by a lot of authors such as: Dunn, 2000; Carter, 1992; Chapman, 1995, is that the stairwells in the high rise buildings can be used for the purpose of evacuations as well as ventilation. The thing that needs to be done here is, making sure that one stair well is used for the purpose of ventilation and the other for evacuation (Routley, report 022). Although this concept was used in the case of First Interstate Bank fire and it was unsuccessful but it was agreed upon that in the case of a fire of less intensity this procedure can be very helpful. One thing that is very evident in…. [read more]


Construction Industry in Iran Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions Case Study

… Construction Industry in Iran - Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions

The Construction Industry in Iran: Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions

Case Studies

The construction industry in Iran has many problems, but there are also chances to see solutions presented. Some of the areas where difficulties are currently being seen include economic issues and financing, building materials, education, international sanctions, design, how construction operates, & civil rights. However, when it comes to these problems, there are people in the construction industry in countries other than Iran who have successfully corrected these kinds of problems, and/or avoided them. Examined here will be case studies that relate to these issues, and the ways in which some of them were (and could be) solved both now and in the…. [read more]


Building Construction Fire Service Thesis

… Building Construction-Fire Service

Building Design and Construction in Emergency Situations

Smart construction can mean life or death in a disaster situation. Buildings today face a multitude of dangers which can cause fire and structural damage as well as collapse. There a wide variety of standard design practices out there which can affect the building during an emergency event, such as a fire. These designs are based typically on the actual function of the building itself. Learning from previous cases of disaster situations can help improve construction and design.

Community Services structures have their own unique designs which can present their own benefits and problem areas. Unfortunately, Community Services buildings are not so standard in comparison to Healthcare and Educational buildings, which prove to have much…. [read more]


Fire Safety Management Term Paper

… BUILDING CONSTRUCTION - FIRE PROOFING

Modern day buildings are generally constructed to be more heat and fire resistant. In times of old buildings would generally go up in flames at a moments notice so to speak. Many buildings were poorly constructed to retard fire. Among the problems with early systems, other than the lack of adequate fire suppression systems, include poor ventilations and the presence of easily flammable building materials.

Fire fighting mechanisms of old also were not equipped with advanced enough technology to combat serious fires at high altitudes. That has changed. Fire codes and regulations now dictate that buildings be constructed to better resist fire and enhance life protection.

Buildings generally break down into five types. Type one and two are generally the…. [read more]


Codes and Regulations Building Rules Essay

… This building construction type help contain fire internally up to one floor due to the concrete and steel structure used. However, the construction type cannot contain spread of fire during emergencies; the air conditioning ducts may make the fire spread to other rooms. The air conditioning vents though supply fresh air, thy allow fire and smoke to spread through them in the fire resistive type I established building. Fire and smoke from a burning room might filter into the air conditioning system spreading the fire and smoke to the whole building.

Design Features

The fire and smoke in the building was fast spreading at the back of the compared to the other sides. This side of the building could have been made of weak materials…. [read more]


Construction for the Fire Service Thesis

… Building Construction and Building Collapses Due to Fire

This paper reviews building design issues and construction issues in terms of whether or not certain codes and standards will prevent building collapses during a fire. This is a worthwhile topic because according to an article in the journal Professional Safety (www.asse.org), many firefighters are killed due to "unanticipated structural collapse." In fact about 20% of firefighter deaths in structural fires over the past 10 years were the result of "structural collapse" (www.asse.org).

The matter of code changes and structural safety is hotly debated among experts and engineers, and there is no apparent consensus as to what measures should be taken to make structures less apt to collapse during a fire. For example, at a workshop of…. [read more]


Adopted Fire Prevention and Life Safety Codes for Buildings Structures Research Paper

… Fire Prevention Code for the City of Dallas

The adoption of the International Fire Code and International Building Code by the city of Dallas marks a huge step for the city in the area of public safety. There have been numerous public safety incidents related to building fires in particular. Building fires are especially dangerous in the context of multi-level buildings. Multi-level buildings present heightened public safety risks for the city of Dallas because of the difficulty of exiting the building. Furthermore, the bright long-term outlook for Dallas' economy indicates a building boom, especially in the Downtown area.

The risks created by building fires extend into more than one section of the Dallas municipal code. Thus, a serious solution to this problem required revisions to…. [read more]


Fire Alarm Systems Every Year Research Paper

… Table 1

Elements of Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Fire Alarm Notification Requirements

Element

Description

Manual Fire Alarm Stations

Where provided, these must be accessible. This requires the pull station to be installed so the operating mechanism is no more than 54 inches above the floor when approach is available from the side by a wheelchair, or no more than 48 inches above the floor when the approach is straight on. Also, the pull station's design must be accessible, which requires that the activation mechanism be easily graspable.

Audible Warning Devices

Fire alarm horns and speakers are required to provide the minimum audibility levels. The ADAAG requires a horn or speaker to provide an alarm sound level that is 15 dbA (decibels) above the prevailing…. [read more]


History of Building Construction Research Paper

… Finally, due to numerous firefighters' deaths in the towers' collapse, we are looking into systems that can predict the possibilities of a structure's collapse (Pennwell Corporation, 2003) before firefighters enter the structure.

Works Cited

Command Safety. (2010). 1980 MGM Grand Hotel Fire - Thirty Years Ago. Retrieved from commandsafety.com: http://commandsafety.com/2010/11/1980-mgm-grand-hotel-fire-thirty-years-ago/

Firmage, J.P. (2006, August 8). Intersecting Facts and Theories on 09/11. Retrieved from Journal of 911 Studies: http://www.journalof911studies.com/articles/Intersecting_Facts_and_Theories_on_911.pdf

Flannery Associates. (2008, January). Section 1: Fire and People: Unit 4 - Occupancy Types and Means of Egress. Retrieved from cuny.edu: http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~tflan/documents/101docs/FIS101OccupancyTypesandExits.pdf

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. (2004). Commission Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Office of the Vice President for University…. [read more]


Strategic Analysis -- Fire Research Paper

… Funding sources. The Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergence Response Grants (SAFER) was created to provide funding directly to fire departments and volunteer firefighter interest organizations in order to help them increase the number of trained, "front line" firefighters available in their communities. The goal of SAFER is to enhance the local fire departments' abilities to comply with staffing, response and operational standards established by the NFPA and OSHA (NFPA 1710 and/or NFPA 1720 and OSHA 1910.134).

Strategy Development

The recommendations emerging from the study are as follows:

1. Build a new fire and emergency services substation on the donated parcel.

2. Apply for grant funding to fill the staffing gap until alternate funding is obtained.

3. Establish a program of total quality improvement in…. [read more]


Atlanta High Rise Office Fire Essay

… Atlanta High Rise Office Fire

The case of Atlanta High Rise Office Fire that broke on June 30, 1989 in Atlanta, Georgia because of an electric fault is significant because it was the first reported case of multiple deaths in U.S. due to a fire accident at a high-rise office building. Five people were killed, and 23 civilians and six fire fighters were injured severely. The building was located at 1720 Peachtree Street and was commonly known as Peachtree 25th Building. (Jennings, 1989)

The main fire protection features of the building were limited. There were manual fire alarm stations located at each exit of the building along with a system of Class III standpipe with 6-inch standpipe risers located in each stairwell, and at each…. [read more]


Panelized and Modular Building Systems Is Less Dissertation

… ¶ … panelized and modular building systems is less common in the UK than abroad and the potential for this to provide a solution for future needs

Housing shortage after the Second World War, rising of housing demand and increase in the defective traditional houses prompt the UK government to adopt sustainable housing development. The major government aim is to improve the method the housing are being built in the UK to address the housing shortage and enhance cost effectiveness within the housing production. Additionally, the changing in the market forces for housing coupled with the planning policy is forcing the house-building industry to reconsider the approach they employ to build houses in the UK. More importantly, population increase in the UK within the last…. [read more]


Fire Hazards of Trusses: Sample Term Paper

… The remaining crews helped to release them from under the debris. It took them a while to realize that somebody had been trapped. Both were excavated at third degree burning. It took more than 20 minutes to finally rescue them both that the victims were suffering heavy burns and seemed to lost protection from their fire costumes.

Another church fire happened in Arkansas on December 28, 2001, injured four firefighters in the similar entrapment case, according to the report of The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). At 7.28 in early morning, the team arrived at the scene. The Chief followed the incident command, as he began calling the hydrant position and requesting the center for backup.

Two minutes afterwards, a firefighter started…. [read more]


Service Level Networks Literature Review

… Service Level Networks

When it comes to urban planning, there are many issues to address. One of them involves problems with facility location. This is something that is easily overlooked, but that can cause serious issues as development of the project moves along. In order to avoid location difficulties, any person or company planning a facility of any kind in an urban area needs to take the time to carefully look over where the facility will be placed and all of the factors that can surround it (Chan & Kumaraswamy, 1996). How valuable a location is also depends on the facility that is being constructed there (Larson & Odoni, 1997-1999). For example, downtown would not be a good place for a landfill, but it would…. [read more]


Firefighters Structural Analysis and Design of High Rise Buildings Term Paper

… Firefighters Structural Analysis and Design of High Rise Buildings

Twin Towers of New York

Building Construction Trends

Truss Construction

Fire Fighters Structural Analysis

Firefighters Structural Analysis and Design of High Rise Buildings

This report attempts to examine why fire fighters have voiced concerns regarding the ever increasing size of skyscrapers. When the World Trade Centre Twin Towers, which were at the time two of the world's tallest buildings, were completely destroyed by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, the event should have raised enough doubt and questions about the future of high-rise safety to put an end to the construction of skyscrapers. Yet, after September 11th, the world's demand for newer and taller structures continued to dramatically increase.

It is apparent that the global…. [read more]


Steel Frame Construction Term Paper

… Steel Frame Construction

Bibliography and Further Information

Appendix a An Analysis of the Selection, Application or Installation of Materials and Building Components Used in Steel Frame Construction Today

An increasing number of commercial and residential structures are using steel frame construction techniques today. The increased popularity of this building technique has grown from its early beginnings in Chicago a century and a half ago to become the building method of choice for many urban settings today. This increased use is directly attributable to a number of key advantages that steel frame construction has been shown to have over other construction techniques. For example, according to Fanjoy (2006), "While a versatile building material, lumber can pose a number of challenges to builders and remodelers: sudden and…. [read more]


Forces on Buildings When Constructing Essay

… The third potential problem is the roof-renovation. Again, depending on the status of the renovation, the building's structure could be weakened do the lack of a roof providing structural support. The construction materials used for the renovation could also pose potential hazards to fire fighters and rescuers. Heavy materials on the roof or stored on the upper floors could foster floor or structural collapse; the materials could block pathways rescuers could need to save lives and property; and lastly, the materials could clutter areas around the building in such a manner as to impede firefighting or rescue efforts. The placement of construction materials should be such that they do not interfere with any type of emergency service. The roof may also have "open areas" that…. [read more]


Construction Thermal Insulation Materials Rockwool Research Paper

… Architecture

Construction Thermal Isolation Materials [Rockwool]

Isolation construction materials

Building insulation consist roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might not influence the amount of sound insulation. In a constricted way insulation can just mean the insulation substance used to reduce heat loss, such as: glass wool, cellulose, polystyrene, rock wool, urethane foam, vermiculite, and the earth, but it can also entail a variety of plans and…. [read more]


Residential Fire Sprinklers Fire Administration Term Paper

… Once the ordinance is passed, there will be careful site planning to do, to give the good protection for the whole community.

The U.S. Fire Administration has identified that "in 1996, the loss of home fire had claimed 5000 lives, injured over 25000 people and caused damage to over 9 billion dollars property." Then they announced that according to NFPA, about "57% fire deaths per 1000 fires was reduced in home with sprinklers from 1983 to 1992." Dewar (2001) predicts it will reduce about 87% fire deaths (and property loss) with the advancement in technology.

Cost is still a major issue in the effectiveness of the installation; but even now sprinklers can be installed for about 1% of the building cost (The Fire Officials Guide…. [read more]


Baroque Four Baroque -1750) Projects San Carlo Essay

… Baroque

Four Baroque (1600-1750) Projects

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1646)

The Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1646) or Saint Charles at the Four Fountains is a Roman Catholic church and monastery in Rome. It was built between 1634 and 1638 by Francesco Borromini. It was also the first church in Rome to be dedicated to St. Charles Borromeus, who had been canonized in 1610. (Churches of Roma: San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane) it was also Borromini's first independent architectural commission and is considered to be an iconic masterpiece of Baroque architecture. ( Vino Con Vista Italy Travel Guides and Events) the construction was designed and built as part of a complex of monastic buildings on the Quirinal Hill for the Spanish Trinitarians.…. [read more]


Impact of Nightclub Fires on the Fire Service Thesis

… ¶ … Nightclub Fires on the Fire Service

This is a guideline and template and should not be used as a final turn-in paper.

Natchez, Mississippi, April 24, 1940. The Rhythm Nightclub fire lasted just 15 minutes. In that quarter of an hour, 212 African-Americans had been burned alive, trampled or had suffocated from smoke inhalation. There was only one exit and it swung inward. All the windows were boarded up.

When firemen found them, most of the bodies were in a mangled, twisted "heap" against the rear wall where they had rushed when they couldn't get out the front exit. Scores of others were injured. The blaze had started in some dry overhanging Spanish moss near that front entrance, and had "flashed" along the…. [read more]


1931, the Empire State Building Research Paper

… It was after World War II that the Empire State Building became ?an economic force in New York City, one large enough to throw its weight around with both bankers and tax collectors. (Lemire and Flowers 60) It has received a lot of interest and it is regarded, as Smith anticipated, as the landmark of New York City. It is important to notice that renovation work that has been conducted throughout time revealed some of the features that created the building in 1931. A restoration of the lobby revealed an ornate ceiling mural that had been covered in 1960. Likewise, the marble in the lobby had deteriorated in time and was not always substituted to resemble the original.

The efficiency of the working model was…. [read more]


Sitework Construction Research Proposal

… Business Plan: Drew Construction Co., Inc.

Business Plan for Drew Construction Co., Inc.

Drew Construction Co., Inc. (hereinafter "Drew Construction" or alternatively, "the company") is a sitework construction company specializing in the installation of various materials, products, utilities and accessories required to satisfy various building codes and municipal regulations concerning residential, government and commercial structure safety and operations. The types of services to be provided by the company include roadway construction, underground utilities such as storm drainage, sanitary sewer, water mains, reuse mains, force mains, fire mains, etc.

Mission and Vision.

The mission of Drew Construction is to provide its customers with the best quality service possible on a consistent basis. It is the vision of the company's founders to become the leading site work…. [read more]


Fire Oxidation and Fire Science Thesis

… Some of the causes the fires incidents can be prevented through the public education program to limit the conducts of people towards certain kind of activities.



The benefit of fire prevention education is demonstrated by the Florida government. Between 2002 and 2007, the Florida state government approved $500,000 annually for the wildfire prevention education, and the goal of the program was to prevent campfire escapes, debris-burning escapes, children playing with fire and other wildfires smoking materials. The government used the homeowner visits, media efforts, presentations, flyers and information brochures for the wildfire prevention education program. The program also mandated the public organizations, private organizations, and a private individual to install the smoke detectors to reduce the chance of fire outbreak. Essentially, the…. [read more]


Fire Service Term Paper

… Fire Service

The Hackensack Fire Department was established in the year 1871, and its origins in fact date back to 1864, when a meeting was held in the city of Hackensack with all the citizens present, in order to find an effective way to deal with the constant fires ravaging the village and surrounding areas. However, when it was discovered that the village commission had no money for the cause, nor could it promise to raise any money, it was decided that the fire committee would raise the money necessary to purchase ladders and buckets needed to fight fires. It was in 1871 that the State legislature commissioned a real Fire Department, and thus was born the City of Hackensack Fire Department. Soon, voluntary fire…. [read more]


Thames Tunnel Was Originally Created Essay

… Thames Tunnel was originally created as a means of connecting Wapping and Rotherbridge beneath London's River Thames. Each of those areas was located on the southern and the northern portions of the river; locals desired a direct connection between these two locations to accommodate the burgeoning docks on each side. The earliest efforts to create a tunnel of this sort can be traced back to the close of the 18th century, when Ralph Dodd was unsuccessful in making a tunnel between Tilbury and Gravesend. The initial financial investors in the creation of the Thames Tunnel were known as the Thames Tunnel Company, which was formed in 1824 and included the likes of investors such as the Duke of Wellington -- who once helped free Thames…. [read more]


Mizpah Hotel Fire in Reno, Nevada Research Paper

… ¶ … Mizpah Hotel fire in Reno, Nevada on October 31, 2006. The Mizpah Hotel fire is notable because it took place in an historic building in downtown Reno, just steps away from some of the largest casino resorts in the city, and it resulted in total destruction of the building. It also resulted in 12 deaths, and it was a result of arson, for which the arsonist is serving 12 consecutive life terms in prison. The fire resulted in increased fire protection in the city, including reoccurring safety checks on business buildings and hotels throughout the city.

The Mizpah Hotel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984 and on the Reno City Register of Historic Places in 1999. The hotel,…. [read more]


Fire Department Manages Emergencies Like 911 Term Paper

… ¶ … Fire Department Manages Emergencies Like 911 and Katrina

The abstract provides a general overview of what the paper will be discussing.

The section will introduce the topic of the paper and dealing initially with the history of fire and the fire service.

The Evolution of the Fire Service

The section will provide more details on the history of the fir e service particularly in the United States. The challenges faced by the modern fire service will also be introduced and how these challenges are managed.

Extraordinary Challenges of the Modern Fire Service

The general challenges of the fire service have been discussed in the previous section but in this section, extraordinary challenges are the main focus particularly of the magnitude of the 9-11…. [read more]


History of Construction Technology of 12 Periods in Western Civilization Essay

… History Of Construction Technology of 12 Periods in Western Civilization

What makes humans different from other animals can be attributed to many things, but it usually begins with our conscious choice to explore the world and separate ourselves from nature through some mastery of it. With the advent of agriculture, humans were now congregating in population centers and living for both themselves and their gods. Religion has always taken a guiding hand through history and is intimately connected to the history of construction itself.

What pushes man to go beyond himself and create structures of immense stature and/or beauty? Only Gods can do that and have done that as evidenced in the still standing great pyramid of Giza and the Parthenon in Athens. Building these…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.