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Bullying and Strategies for Prevention Nearly 30 Research Paper

… Bullying and Strategies for Prevention

Nearly 30% or approximately 5.7 million, of United States teenagers are estimated to have been involved in an incident of school related bullying either as the target, the bully or both. A recent national survey of students in grades 6 through ten reveal that nearly 13% of students reported bullying other children, 11% reported being victimized by bullies and an additional 6% indicated that they have been both the perpetrator and victim of bullying (Nansel, Overpeck, Pilla, Ruan, Simons-Morton, & Scheidt, 2001). Estimates indicate that once every seven seconds, a child is the victim of bullying in a United States school. 9% of all males and 7% of all females' ages 12-18, according to a study completed in 2001

reported…. [read more]


Bullying -- and Victims Summary Research Paper

… THREE: Propose appropriate interventions for stopping bullying behavior in schools and homes.

Susan Carter writes in the peer-reviewed Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing that first of all, the research she has reviewed indicates that children who bully may require "…more intense intervention than schools are currently staffed to support" (Carter, 2011, 97). In fact most schools that attempt interventions are not successful at stopping bullying, notwithstanding the "…gradual and continuing trend" in the school aged population (Carter, 98). Schools need to come up with protocols to deal with bullies, and certain strategies that have not worked in the past should be avoided, Carter continues (100). The strategies tend to fail include "conflict intervention and peer mediation," Carter explains, because those strategies give bullies "opportunities to…. [read more]


School Uniforms Essay

… Classroom discipline creates an environment that is dedicated to learning and nothing else. Parents also prefer uniforms because they do not have to worry about buying new outfits for their children, who just want to compete with friends regarding their designer clothing. School uniforms cannot solve all problems but they are a good idea, they have worked in other countries, and they should be implemented immediately in American public schools.

Works Cited

Gentile, Elisabetta and Imberman, Scott A. "Dressed for Success: Do School Uniforms Improve Student Behavior, Attendance, and Achievement?" Retrieved online: http://www.uh.edu/class/economics/news-research/working-papers/docs/2009-03.pdf

Murray, Richard K. "The Impact of School Uniforms on School Climate." NASSP Bulletin, v81 n593 p106-12 Dec 1997.

Park, Judy. "Do School Uniforms Lead to Uniform Minds?: School Uniforms and Appearance Restrictions…. [read more]


School Uniforms Research Proposal

… School Uniforms

The debate about the effectiveness of a school uniform policy to address school performance and other issues has not been settled. Uniforms have been more common in private schools, particularly Catholic schools and the debate has been more about the use of uniforms in public schools. Some strongly agree that school uniforms positively change the school culture and the students' attitudes and behavior and there are those who deny this claim. The general debate focuses on two major issues -- the effect that uniforms can have on gang activity and whether or not having a school uniform policy infringes on students human rights. Mitchell and Knechtle (2003) examine the issue of constitutional rights and school uniform policies. Opponents to the school uniform policy…. [read more]


Are School-Based Anti-Bullying Programs Decreasing the Rate of Victimization? Thesis

… School-Based Bullying

Prevention Programs

The problem regarding how schools may best make their environments physically and emotionally safe leads to the question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization? This leading question guiding the literature review addresses a critical concern challenging school officials and others interested in helping to ensure the safety and emotional well-being of youth. Determining what works best to confront violence and students being victimized, are interventions that help the child become stronger within himself. The program Olweus developed, which a number of school officials base their school-wide anti-bullying programs, on depicts an excellent example of one effective approach to counter bullying, victimization and violence.

During the study's literature review which examines the primary research question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization?, the…. [read more]


Who Gets Bullied and Its Effect on School Gender and Ethnic Group? Research Paper

… Bullying: Race, Gender, Age, And Effects

Bullies, school, gender, ethnic groups

The destructive ramifications of bullying behavior in schools has become an issue of national (and even worldwide) concern for the safety of students. The fact that there has been an increase in school shootings has also increased awareness, especially due to the belief that bullying may be a precursor to some of the more violent school crimes. Furthermore, bullying has been linked with negative consequences in adulthood as well (Olweus 1991; Perry, Kusel, & Perry, 1988; Tritt & Duncan, 1997). Duncan (1999) and Hoover, Oliver and Hazler (1992) have found that the bullying is more pervasive in schools in the United States than in any other nation. Bullying is, undoubtedly, a problem, but what…. [read more]


Bullying Essay

… This leads to high rates of skipping school, as they feel unsafe. Besides, adults who are former victims of HIB in school have high chances of attempting suicide and expressing suicidal ideations.

How self-esteem affects bullying

Children who are bullied frequently will eventually develop low self-esteem. Usually, self-esteem can be defined as a person's perception of himself. It is measured by how much individuals love or appreciate themselves. The early year of a child is intensely critical as it is the time that shapes the formation of a child's self-esteem. If a child is constantly being harassed in school, the children will gradually lose confidence in themselves. Such a child ends up disliking himself for his flaws: for example, when bullied due to overweight. This…. [read more]


Bullying School Term Paper

… Bullying

School bullying has been the focus of numerous studies over the last thirty years, not only within the United States, but internationally. While bullying in some form, whether teasing or pestering, has always existed within the school environment, it has only been during the last few decades that it has grabbed school and community attention. In 1982, when three teenaged boys in Norway committed suicide as a result of extreme harassment from classmates, the Ministry of Education launched a national campaign against bullying in which a prevention program was implemented in every primary and secondary school (Swearer). Other countries, including the United States, England, Italy, Canada, Japan, and Australia now recognize bullying as a serious concern (Swearer). Because definitions and measures used in studies…. [read more]


Bullying Violence and Aggression Term Paper

… Bullying

Violence and aggression are a common problem among youth in society today, not only in America, but also around the world. One of the most common ways that this frustration is expressed among youth is bullying. Bullying may have more media coverage today than in eras past, but it is nonetheless an age-old occurrence with which school children have been forced to deal. The problem is acute in America, where violence in schools ranges from the traditional extortion of lunch money typical of decades of bullying, to the more modern appearance of guns and other weapons being brought to school to terrorize other students. Aggressive bully-like behavior in schools is most often caused by an "identifiable group of bullies who systematically victimize specific groups…. [read more]


Bullying Research Paper

… " (Salmvilli, 2011) Group bullying occurs at the peer group level and stated to be motivated "by a pursuit of high status and a powerful position in the peer group" (Salmvilli, 2011) Status is only that which can occur within a group and this may be the classroom therefore, the bully chooses submissive, insecure, physically weak and low-power individuals and through dominating these individuals the bully is able to demonstrated on a repeated basis, their power to the group. It has been shown in research that bystanders witnessing bullying "seldom intervene.' (Salmvilli, 2011) In addition, it is reported that the role of children in bullying situations and that bystanders very seldom intervene. Furthermore, the bullying behavior is often reinforced by bystanders cheering and laughing. Research…. [read more]


School Violence in Schools Term Paper

… "

Updating Policies

Schools across the country, such as those in Bergen County, New Jersey, are currently revising and implementing policies to deal with school violence. Their "policies on vandalism and violence in the schools are being modified to refer to bullying and harassment, and to make them conform to other school policies on bullying and intimidation (Austin, 2003)."

Conclusion

School violence is a crucial problem facing children today. It is imperative to not only find ways to reduce the violence, but to implement them as well. It is up to the adults to protect future generations and provide them with a safe learning environment.

References

Austin, Charles. (20 November, 2003). Fair Lawn plans to update school policies.

The Record (Bergen County, NJ).

Erickson, Doug.…. [read more]


School College Shootings Term Paper

… High School/College Shootings in U.S.

In response to the shocking series of highly publicized multiple victim shootings at high schools and colleges across the country in recent years the nation's schools have begun to resemble armed fortresses trying to keep the bad guys out. Alas, it is a sad commentary of the times when high school and college students must pass through metal detectors and be searched by security officers before being allowed to enter their schools and attend class, but this is the state of affairs for many American high school and college students today. Moreover, despite this increased vigilance, shootings continue to take place in high schools and colleges around the country, and in some cases, even elementary school students are being forced…. [read more]


School Uniforms: Unproven and Unnecessary When Long Term Paper

… School Uniforms: Unproven and Unnecessary

When Long Beach, California public schools began mandating uniforms in 1994, other schools and districts took notice (Schachter 46). Could uniforms improve academic achievement and reduce behavioral problems, as the Long Beach schools purported? By 2002 more than 23% of America's public elementary schools had followed suit, hoping to see the amazing results that were suggested (Schachter 46). Yet, the evidence is still unclear. Supporters continue to claim that violence and behavioral problems are reduced while discipline and concentration are higher in uniformed schools (Wilkins 20). What's missing is any credible research to back the claims of individual schools and educators. Some critics find that other changes instituted at the same time as uniforms should get the credit for improvements…. [read more]


School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]


School Psychology Behavioral Interventions Thesis

… School Psychology: Behavioral Interventions

As children often learn the majority of their prosocial behaviors from school it is important that there is an awareness of the processes of teaching and assessing these skills. It is also important to recognize that antisocial behavior in school may be an indicator of a need for prosocial skill teaching and development (Elksnin & Elksnin, 1998).

Teaching Social Skills to Young Children and Adolescents

The initial stage in teaching social skills to any child or adolescent is to assess their learning needs. This is a basic assessment of the skills which are required weighed up against the skills which are already being learnt, and those which have been mastered. Hazel et al. (1995) suggest that once the skill has been…. [read more]


Increase in High School Female Bullying and Relational Aggression Multiple Chapters

… Relational Bullying

Contextual Information

The study will take place at a public high school in Florida. The proposed site has a faculty of 184 teachers and six administrators. The faculty is highly qualified and over 90% of the faculty have attained a Master's Degree or higher. Students are from a variety of ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds.

Bullying in schools has become a significant concern of students, parents, teachers, and government officials and has been said to be responsible for a number of suicides and other tragedies involving high school students who were the victims of bullying (U.S. Department of Education, 1999). Bullying is defined as repeated verbal, physical, or psychological actions directed against a person(s) who cannot or will not defend themselves against them (U.S.…. [read more]


Bullying the Incidents of April Term Paper

… Girls are more likely to be victimized in this situation, though strict definitions of sexual harassment and bullying make no specific distinctions. Girls are far more likely than boys to feel "self-conscious" (44% to 19%), "embarrassed" (53% to 32%), and "less confident" (32% to 16%) because of an incident of harassment. Girls are also more likely than boys to change behaviors in school and at home because of the experience, including not talking as much in class (30% to 18%) and avoiding the person who harassed them (56% to 24%). (Fried and Fried, 1996). It is important to recognize that these curricula become standard fare in North American schools, educators and staff will have concrete strategies for creating a climate of respect where every person's…. [read more]


Violence in Public Schools Essay

… A child's normal development can be hindered when the child is bullied -- and that hindrance can carry into adulthood, Horne explains; in fact early childhood bullying can become a "risk factor for adolescents' suicidal behavior" (68). And teachers in elementary school can usually identify a student who will later "…exhibit delinquency and criminal behavior" that is true because elementary school bullies often grow into offenders during their adolescent and young adult years (Horne, 68).

School Violence -- Forms of Bullying

Dorothy Espelage and Susan Swearer edited a book titled Bullying in North American Schools (Second Edition); they define bullying as a "complex phenomenon," deserving of being linked with school violence (Espelage, et al., 2004, 3). Research on bullying indicates that it is a "discriminatory…. [read more]


Effects of PBS Against Bullying Students With Disabilities in a Second Grade Classroom Research Proposal

… ¶ … PBS against Bullying Students with Disabilities in a second grade classroom setting

Managing children's behavior is a common problem for educators (Anderson & Kincaid, 2005) particularly if there are some aggressive students in the class who intimidate or victimize others. The problem is aggravated when victims are individuals who are mentally or physically handicapped. The impact of bullying on the individual is never good in any situation, but when applied to targets with special challenges, ramifications can occur where reinforcing messages can impact the target's self-esteem and worsen the challenge, aside from reducing the individual's psychological ability to deal with his or her challenge (Weiten, 2010). Most general and special education teachers report difficulty in restraining and managing aggressive behavior of young children…. [read more]


Private Public School Similarities Research Paper

… The public school teachers need to be certified by the state to hold the position in the school but this is not the case in private school system. Each private school working independently of state follows its own hiring procedure. A few private schools do not demand teacher certification from the state as their governing body has not imposed such restrictions.

The pay structure is also a difference between private and public schools. The state laws mostly define the pay structure and all schools have to follow them. The public schools funding comes from taxes and they often have to go through major cuts in the pay structure. This demotivates the staff working in the public schools. On the contrary the source of funding in…. [read more]


Public School System in America Term Paper

… ¶ … public school system in America has been ridiculed for lack of consistency and unequal educational opportunities. In addition, private school education can be a rather expensive prospect for the average American family.

For this reason, many parents have turned to homeschooling as an alternative. For many this alternative has proven effective in educating their children but there are also some concerns. These concerns include socialization, college preparation and adequate oversights to ensure that children are learning at the correct level. The aforementioned concerns have been researched for many years, since interests in homeschooling first began. However a concept that has not been thoroughly studied is the reasons behind parental choice as it relates to homeschooling. Providing insight for this issue will be the…. [read more]


High School Shootings Term Paper

… High School Shootings

While schools are seen in terms of statistics as being the safest place for children (Poland, 2003, p. 4), yet the upsurge in school violence and shootings at schools in the country is a grave cause for concern. The increased incidence of school shooting and random acts of violence has resulted in a timely and essential evaluation from educationists and other professionals of the underlying reasons for these shootings and an examination of their common characteristics. It has been realized that in order to combat this increase in shootings, greater understanding is necessary of the origins of these criminal actions among the youth.

On of the earliest reported incidents of this form of violence was a shooting incident in Missouri involving a…. [read more]


Case Analysis Cornwall County School District Research Paper

… Cornwall County School System

Narrative Summary of the Case

Cornwall County School District is in trouble. Their schools are in desperate need of proper maintenance. The following case analysis presents an overview of the problems associated with the school system. The section will be divided into three succinct sections. Part a will provide a basic summary of the elements that are important to the case, Part B. will provide a discussion of the key persons involved in the case,. Part C will identify the central problem in the case..

Cox & Hoover (2002) state that inappropriate responses often stem from inappropriate input. This is the case with the Conrwall County School Board. When input into the system is destructive and selfish, it is likely that…. [read more]


Private vs. Public Schools Essay

… On the other hand apart from public schools having few teachers, their payment is always low as compared to private school teachers thus demoralizing the teachers and it is seen in the end result when the performance becomes generally low as compared to the private schools hence giving the private schools the moral authority to comment on the best education system fro the kids.

Some parents will look at private schools as having high tuition costs; however this has been countered by numerous available scholarships that the children who come from the low family background are given, (Parents for Better Education America, 2011). For example the public schools officials in Washington, DC sided with private education through offering a voucher system to private education. Even…. [read more]


What Are the Short and Long-Term Consequences of Bullying and Victimization? Thesis

… ¶ … Bullying and Victimization

Violence in the nation's schools is certainly not a new phenomenon, but the impact of bullying and its effects on the victims involved has received an increasing amount of attention in recent years following a number of high-profile incidents involving outright multiple murders. To determine the short- and long-term consequences of bullying and victimization in the nation's schools today, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

By any measure, bullying is a growing concern in America's schools. According to Peskin, Tortolero and Markham, "Bullying represents a form of aggression and can be classified as either direct or indirect. Direct or overt bullying…. [read more]


Bullying Proposal Term Paper

… ¶ … national phenomenon of bullying must be considered across individual, family, peer, school, and community contexts. Because bullying tends to perpetuate itself, formulating and implementing effective bullying prevention and intervention programs demands an understanding of the environment that establishes and maintains it. Based on reports of bullying at Arthur County Schools in Arthur, Nebraska, an ethnographic research of this problem will be conducted to identify causes and possible interventions. The participants in the study are 11 seventh grade students, five girls and six boys, who were involved with the bully/victim dyad during the previous year. The instruments used were a bullying questionnaire to compare victimization and emotional status of the participants and the Iowa Test of Basic Skills to assess academic performance. A synthesis…. [read more]


Bullying What Is the Effect Term Paper

… Bullying

What is the effect of bullying on academic achievement? There has been an increasing amount of research by school and developmental psychologists into peer victimization and its detrimental effects in recent years (Juvonen & Graham, 2001). According to Atlas & Pepler 1998), there are different degrees and types of bullying, but all of them can have an adverse effect on academic achievement. These authors report that, "Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior with an imbalance of power; the dominant person(s) intentionally and repeatedly causes distress by tormenting or harassing another less dominant person(s)" (p. 86).

Students can become the victim of direct bullying, a term that describes open attacks on the victim (i.e., kicking, pushing, hitting, teasing, taunting, mocking, and threatening and intimidating);…. [read more]


Bullying International Phonics Alphabet and the Article an Indian Father's Plea Robert Lake Term Paper

… ¶ … teach effectively, it is critical to develop a comprehensive teaching methodology. This course has not only revealed the importance of a teaching methodology but also how to develop a methodology and implement it in the classroom. With a focus on teaching English as a second language, I have learned about various techniques of instruction that I will use throughout my career. For example, I have learned how to tailor lessons for the learner. I make adaptations to suit the needs of individual students. Assessments are given to students both at the onset of the class and during the class, as well as at the end of the class because this is the only way to monitor student progress effectively.

One of the most…. [read more]


School Violence in South Africa Term Paper

… ¶ … violence at schools in South Africa has assumed grave proportions. While the issue of violence at schools is contemporary and endemic to many countries in the West, the situation in South Africa is problematized by the history of the country and the legacy of the Apartheid period. Consequently, there is a wide variety of interlinking and concomitant issues and causative factors that make this issue a complex but particularly relevant area of research.

Therefore, the topic under consideration in this study will be the various aspects surrounding the issue of violence at schools in South Africa. This will include not only a concern with underlying historical and social factors, such as pervasive inequality and the legacy of the Apartheid regime, but will also…. [read more]


Bullying - A True Story Term Paper

… A also emphasized that telling an adult about bullying is not the same as tattling. "Faith, for bullying to be stopped, you have to go to your teacher, principal, or an adult who is in charge. If someone doesn't know, then she can't help."

But the bullying did not stop. Each day I saw Faith's hurt and depression grow. I reached a point when I could not stand the pain in her eyes anymore. I was angry that my child was being bullied from her classmates. Who did they think they were to call her names!

A approached the principal. Actually, I stormed into the school demanding that the name-calling stop immediately. He promised the bullying would stop. He said, "Faith, if someone bullies you,…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.