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Bush Justified to Invade Iraq Term Paper

… All such agents would have deteriorated to the point of uselessness years ago (Glen and Raymond, 2004)."

As mentioned above, the Bush Administration had emphasized that Saddam had launch capabilities and that he also possessed approximately 20 missiles which may transmit chemical and biological warheads and threaten major parts of Europe, including Britain and Cyprus. Glen and Raymond (2004) assert, "Apart from the fact that there has been no sign of these missiles since the invasion, Britain downplayed the risk of there being any such weapons in Iraq once the fighting began. It was also revealed that chemical protection equipment was removed from British bases in Cyprus last year, indicating that the Government did not take its own claims seriously (Glen and Raymond, 2004)."

The…. [read more]

Iraq War Criminal Justice and Counter-Terrorism Term Paper

… Iraq War


The objective of this work is to review the Iraq War in relation to Criminal Justice and Counter-Terrorism.

The war on terrorism or counter-terrorism has placed many questions in the mind of those who are focused on criminal justice and this in light of the war crimes that the United States is presently under accusation of having committed. This work will review the practices of the United States with a focus on the Iraq War and accompanying counter-terrorism initiatives.


In the year 2003 the Department of Justice counter-terrorism projects lists the following in their "integrated prevention strategy to fight the war on terrorism" which are those of: (1) Gathering and cultivating detailed…. [read more]

Bush and Iraq Term Paper

… They were so crazed and so far out and so difficult to reason with -- to the point of being bizarre. Dogmatic, as if they were on a mission from God." He added, "If it doesn't fit their theory, they don't want to accept it." (Hersh) So it seems that all this should have been known to Bush and his administration had they been willing to recognize it. An unwillingness to see the truth seems to imply ulterior motives, particularly if the thing about which one is in "denial," as it were, is something good! The best answer appears to be that there is a reason other than weapons of mass destruction which led to the war on Iraq.

Yet it does not seem possible…. [read more]

Iraq War-Justification Term Paper

… But they must be reminded of the facts to help them understand that containment without military action was no longer possible since Saddam had repeatedly thwarted all attempts of non-military containment. Once he threw out the U.S. inspectors in 1998, United States made numerous attempts to restore them but failed.

Inspection is at the heart of containment, and as Mr. Blix so often emphasizes in his book, "Disarming Iraq," only a credible military threat could restore the inspectors, and only maintaining that threat could keep them there. Mr. Bush did succeed in restoring the inspectors in the fall of 2002, but it was not possible to maintain a military threat for more than a few months. A serious force could not be retained in the…. [read more]

U.S. Invaded Iraq in 2003 Essay

… These are some of the basic reasons that Bush advocated for and intended the U.S. To take stern action against the state of Iraq under the leadership of Saddam Hussein.

Moreover, the occurrence of the incursion was aimed at changing regime to fit the U.S. neocons, and promoting American interests in a rich country, but wars are fought for balance of power and not for idealistic reasons. In addition to that, the U.S. being the sole superpower thought that by invading Iraq, Iran and other unfriendly countries seeking nuclear weapons would stop their attempts. Other motives of the invasion were to secure the Israeli position in the Middle East.

The 2003 incursion in Iraq occurred between mid March and late April. This started a reign…. [read more]

George W. Bush Administration Policy on Syria Essay

… Syria

An Analysis of the U.S.-Syrian Conflict

This paper will analyze the G.W. Bush Administration's justification for conflict with Syria and show how the disparate reasons of internal organs within the White House and those offered to the public by way of the national press suggest that an ulterior motive much broader in scope and ideological in nature was (and is) actually the basis for justification. In doing so, this paper will utilize Conflict Theory to help bring into perspective the opposing rationales that are presented throughout the analysis.

The Bush Administration had very clear reasons for initiating conflict with Syria, outlined by such neo-conservative think tanks as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) (members of which were highly placed in the Administration…. [read more]

Invading Iraq. The Writer Argues Term Paper

… "


While it is important to control the amount of power Iraq ultimately builds, because of its previous threats to the U.S., at this time the United States has more important problems to deal with. The real threat is not from Iraq, but from Bin Ladin and his followers. To divide the troops and the military funds at this time to invade Iraq, would be pointless. It would also provide Iraq with something to build allies with. As long as the U.S. does not have the support of others to invade Iraq, and as long as the U.S. is still under serious and immediate threat by Bin Ladin and his cause it must give up the anger at Iraq and stop devoting time to…. [read more]

Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]

War in Iraq and the Media Thesis

… Iraq War

The war in Iraq was undertaken on the basis of questionable intelligence, and the degree to which it should have been accepted remains controversial. Another issue that has been raised is how complicit the news media was in the lead-up to the war, with some charging that the news media did not do their job and that journalists did not raise enough questions or challenge the Bush Administration on the claims it was making. Elements in the media indeed became cheerleaders for the war in its early phase, and many to this day may not have done enough to set the record straight or to make up for failing to show more doubt about the rationale for the war.

Of course, whatever the…. [read more]

Iraq Pre- and Post-Saddam Research Paper

… Iraq

In 2003, the U.S. War on Terror expanded its footprint to incorporate an invasion of Iraq. From the moment that the first Rangers parachuted into the Kurdish-held territory in the north to the moment when President Bush declared victory on the aircraft carrier, the Iraq war was controversial. The expressed motives for the conflict where, well, conflicting, and if there was confusion about the mandate of the invasion, there was even more confusion about what the desired post-conflict Iraq would look like. If viewed through the lens of a business transaction, the high cost of the conflict in Iraq can only be justified if there was a subsequent benefit that exceeds that cost. This paper will look at the conditions in Iraq before and…. [read more]

Iraq War as the End Term Paper

… Did the United States have proof of a program in the making? Governmental reports sited Saddam's efforts to search out specialists. "Iraq retains its cadre of nuclear scientists and technicians, its program documentation, and sufficient dual-use manufacturing capabilities to support a reconstituted nuclear weapons program. Iraqi media have reported numerous meetings between Saddam and nuclear scientists over the past two years, signaling Baghdad's continued interest in reviving a nuclear program." (Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs) But those same reports never mention a successful implementation of Iraq's nuclear program.

If the recent war was not about weapons of mass destruction, then what other motivation could there have been for the United States to bring down the Iraqi dictator? "Is the coming war with Iraq about…. [read more]

Iraq War Term Paper

… C., that every major move Bush makes in terms of publicity or PR or policy, is orchestrated or at least partially tweaked by Rove.

According to Time Magazine (Elliott, 2003), on May 1, 2003, Bush landed "in flying gear on the deck of the aircraft carrier the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln" - which had a huge banner reading "MISSION ACCOMPLISHED." Bush strolled across the deck of the carrier and made a speech in front of proud sailors. "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended," he declared to the troops assembled. The war, he continued, had been carried out "with a combination of precision and speed and boldness" which the Iraqi forces did not expect; "the world had not seen" such precision, speed, and boldness, he boasted.…. [read more]

Iraq and Afghanistan Essay

… Just War

Order ID: Iraq & Afghanistan

Just war theory: Iraq and Afghanistan

Because of the inevitable difficulties of waging war in the Middle East, many Americans have called the wars waged in Afghanistan and Iraq 'unjust wars.' But unjust wars and wars that are hard to win are not the same thing. Those who would take issue with the justice of waging war in Iraq and Afghanistan must first consider the "Principles of Just War Theory" (2009).

The core contentions of Just War Theory are as follows:

"A just war can be started only in defense against violent aggression.

The only just intention is to restore a just peace -- just, that is, to friend and foe alike.

Military force must be the last…. [read more]

Iraq Should We Leave or Should We Stay Term Paper

… U.S. In Iraq


The United States launched Operation Iraqi Freedom in early 2003, primarily because reliable intelligence information announced by Secretary of Defense Collin Powell established beyond any reasonable doubt that Saddam Hussein was actively pursuing weapons of mass destruction (WMD), nuclear weapons, in particular.

According to Secretary Powell, our intelligence efforts had identified some of the tell-tale signs of assembling the uranium enrichment facilities; specifically, high-grade industrial tubes needed to construct the series of centrifuges used to extract fissionable uranium (U235) from natural uranium ore (U238) and to enrich low-grade 4-10% pure uranium 235 used in civilian nuclear reactor cores to 90+ percent purity highly enriched uranium used only in fission weapons (Allison 2004).

Secretary Powell…. [read more]

Iraq War on the U.S Term Paper

… The political left and the traditional conservatives believe that the economic cost of the conflict would be disastrous for the U.S. Supporters of the Iraq War, led by the neoconservatives, on the other hand believe that the long-term benefits of the U.S. involvement far outweigh its costs.


Bennis, P., Leaver, E. et al. (2005). "The Iraq Quagmire." A Study by the Institute for Policy Studies and Foreign Policy In Focus. August 31, 2005. Retrieved on September 26, 2005 from

Bilmes, Linda. (2005). "The Trillion-Dollar War." The New York Times. August 20, 2005. Retrieved on September 26, 2005 from en=fab629af9daf9eb5& ei=5070& ex=1125288000& en=53b1099708a36c0e& ei=5070& emc=eta1& oref=login

Buchanan, P.J. (2005). "Riding the Free Trade Raft Over the Falls." The American Cause.

April 18, 2005.…. [read more]

U.S. Invasion of Iraq- Reasons Essay

… 1. Economic Reason

The economic factors played a pivotal role in compelling United States to invade Iraq. It is believed by many intellectuals that the motives of war announced by the U.S. government had nothing to do with the invasion of Iraq. The only factor that compelled Iraq's invasion by America was to get hold on its oil reserves. Many people believe that the invasion of Iraq has benefitted only those rich people involved in oil industry sector who supported President Bush (The Debate 2002).

Many intellectuals have even concluded that invasion of Iraq was just for the benefit of American oil companies (Zunes 2004). At the start of the 20th century, America was experiencing a rise in its import reliance in an ever-tense oil…. [read more]

Logical Fallacy's on the Iraq War Research Paper

… Fallacies of the Iraq War: A Critical Examination

The Iraq War is an excellent example of a conflict involving a combination of assumptions, fallacies, and downright lies. Before the invasion, the plans were being laid to take over one of the world's richest oil fields and secure these and other resources for the U.S. And its interests abroad. The invasion of Iraq itself was conducted on shaky footing, and the reasons for invading the country and the justification for deposing its leader were changed multiple times from the beginning of the Bush Administration up until the end. The Iraq was can be viewed through many different sets of lenses, but Just War Theory as well as the UN charter shed light on many of the…. [read more]

Gay and Lesbian Torture in Iraq and the International Human Rights Violations Term Paper

… Torture and Abuse of Gays and Lesbians in U.S. Occupied Iraq

The United States has always presented itself as a model of fairness and equality. A champion of human rights around the world, the American government is a signatory to wide range of treaties that guarantee equal protection and treatment for persons of diverse races, religions, creeds, and ethnic groups. The American government condemns gender bias, age discrimination, and prejudice against the physically and mentally disabled. So, when George W. Bush's original justification for the invasion of Iraq i.e. "anticipatory self-defense" collapsed, the President quickly substituted the idea of human rights. Yet, the new Iraq that is emerging after five years of often bloody U.S. occupation can hardly be described as a humanitarian paradise. Numerous…. [read more]

Why Did the US Invade Iraq in 2003? Essay

… U.S. In Iraq

Bush Administration Claims about the Iraqi War

When the United States initiated war with Iraq in 2003, the Bush administration claimed it was in an effort to quash terrorism groups organized in Iraq, and in response to Iraq's use and holdings of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). A writer notes about these claims, "These claims will move us into careful considerations of the Iraq war as a form of self-defense, law enforcement, and rescue, which will thereby take us into moral and practical implications of U.S. foreign policy" (Miller, 2008). Today, we know that the American military and UN advisers never found any WMD on Iraqi soil, and that the war rages on, even though there have been pull outs of military…. [read more]

Invasion of Iraq Term Paper

… Invasion on Iraq

It is clear that Iraq had been attacked and presently occupied neither for growth and development of the Iraqi economy nor for the advancement of American values, such as freedom and liberty. Instead, the actual motive behind the invasion and occupation had been to gain control over the vast untapped oil resources of oil within Iraq. Furthermore, the desire to acquire complete control over Iraqi oil has a historical significance because evidence has shown that imperial powers have on occasions cooperated with each other and at times confronted each other, depending on the situation, so that they can have complete power over the vast unused oil resources of Iraq. Abbas Alnasrawi (2001) reveals this inclination of the imperial powers, "It is a…. [read more]

Post-Conflict, Peace / Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan Term Paper

… Post-Conflict, Peace/Nation Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

Somehow, within a forty year span of time, the United States has found itself ensnared in multiple wars in Asia at the same time. Again, unless we can influence the postwar nation building process, powers that are inimical to United States interests (in the present Iran) will fill the vacuum upon the American withdrawal. In this short essay, this author will list two lessons learned from our wars apply it to the defacto American raj in Afghanistan and Iraq. First is not to become too closely associated with present unpopular regimes as it is doing with the present administrations in the countries in which we are "nation-building." Also, staying engaged in a never ending guerrilla war that has…. [read more]

Iraq Exit Strategy Term Paper

… ¶ … Exit Strategy of American Troops From Iraq

Proposal for an Orderly, Organized Withdrawal of Forces

non-partisan consensus has been reached amongst the American leadership, including President George H.W. Bush, wherein declarations have been publicly made declaring the present direction of American military troops in the country of Iraq is a direction which would better serve Americans and Iraqis through a change in that present course of direction. As such, with the interests of both countries in mind, and with recognition of, and in continued support for the presently seated and democratically elected government in the country of Iraq; the following "New Direction for American Troops In Iraq," is created and offered to the non-partisan American leadership (consisting of all democratically elected and currently…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and Idealists Should Fall in Love Term Paper

… ¶ … Foreign Policy Idea to Fall in Love With

Robert Wright's 2006 article -- in summary -- does a thorough job of taking the George W. Bush foreign policies to task. By invading Iraq, Bush squandered the chance for the U.S. To gain respect in the world, Wright asserts, and Wright goes into great detail to justify his theory. But meantime, "realism" means basically what can be done in the world, and "idealism" is what is dreamed of and hoped for in the best of all possible worlds.

Wright explains that "progressive realism" has a "nice ring," and he begins with a coy remark, that if Democrats adopted his idea of "progressive realism" they might win a presidential election. Well, Mr. Wright, they did.…. [read more]

War Over Iraq Term Paper

… ¶ … radical and somewhat frightening ideas about the War in Iraq. It is important to note that the writing of the book began before the War actually broke out and so most of the ideas offered by the authors is done without the benefit of hindsight and involves a great deal of speculation on their part. However, their viewpoints which advocate that the United States must resign itself to engaging in a series of continued little wars throughout the world for an extended time places a pallor over all their subsequent comments.

The fact that the two authors, William Kristol and Lawrence Kaplan, possessed impressive credentials that included extensive experience working with a number of high level government officials in both the foreign relations…. [read more]

Was Operation Iraqi Freedom a Legitimate and Just War? Research Paper

… Iraqi War

Operation Iraqi Freedom: A legitimate and just war?

The United States of America invaded Iraq in 2003 under the direction of President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom (Gordon 2006). The foundational information that is said to have precipitated the action was the idea that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction which purportedly threatened the security of regions held by allies of the United States and the United Kingdom (Gordon 2006). The United Nations Security Council in 2002 passes Resolution 1441 which required Iraq to adhere to the rules of the United Nations and determine that they were not in possession of cruise missiles or other weapons of mass destruction. There was no evidence found that truly…. [read more]

International Law and the Invasion of Iraq Term Paper

… International Law and the Invasion of Iraq

The invasion of Iraq by the United States prompted a debate about the type of force that was used without having explicit approval from the United Nations. Whether this show of force was truly legal and legitimate became a question that was considered by many individuals. The argument was made by some that there was implied authorization because a resolution that was created during the Gulf War still continued to authorize any type of force necessary to ensure that Iraq complied with the cease-fire that was created during that Gulf War. The United States government also argued that there was an imminent threat posed to many countries by Iraq and also to the security and peace of the…. [read more]

911 as Justification to Invade Term Paper

… Meanwhile, American troops were so preoccupied with Iraq that Osama bin Laden slipped into Pakistan from Afghanistan, where America should have been concentrating, with America now in extremely cool pursuit. We let the real villain go while we chased a chimera in Iraq. Even now, bin Laden, the real perpetrator of 9/11, remains free. As the 911 Commission Report states: "This immeasurable pain was inflicted by 19 young Arabs acting at the behest of Islamist extremists headquartered in distant Afghanistan [emphasis added], ("Executive Summary," p. 10).

House and Senate members doubting the need for war feared voting or even speaking out, for fear of being labeled "unpatriotic." However, it was only in the aftermath of 9/11 that we embraced waging war on a nation that…. [read more]

International Politics Term Paper

… International Politics: Is Bush Planning an Assault on Iran?

Is the Bush Administration secretly planning to invade Iran with ground forces, or launch sudden preemptive air strikes, in a calculated attack on the Islamic nation that Bush has called "a rogue nation"? Will it be an attack similar to the one which the U.S. launched its assault on Iraq? Is attacking Iran a good idea, strategically or in terms of international diplomacy? And what evidence is there that would indicate an American plan as provocative as an attack on Iran, in particular given the disastrous, seemingly endless war the U.S. finds itself bogged down with in Iraq? These are questions that cry out for answers in an unstable world that looks to the U.S. For…. [read more]

Intelligence Pathologies Term Paper

… Intelligence Pathologies

The Church Committee Investigations which began in 1974 after the Watershed Scandal in President Nixon's administration found that intelligence agencies had unlimited executive power. The committee found that intelligence agencies abused this power and harassed and disrupted targeted groups and individuals, spied on citizens, assassination plots, manipulation and infiltration of businesses and media. Recommendations made by the Church Committee in the 1970s concerning intelligence agencies have been overlooked. As President Nixon's administration gave more executive power to intelligence agencies during his reign, so did President Bush. Intelligence agencies acquired executive authority after 9/11 are founded on the rhetoric of the war on terrorism, finding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and identifying the link between Iraq and Al-Qaida. The agencies have carried out…. [read more]

Euthanasia War and Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … non-moral or religious standpoint; while individual suicide is illigeal in many countries, the more legalistic issue is final exit, or assisted suicide that is advocated by many right-to-die organizations. There is not necessarily a completely clear legal distinction between "assisted suicide" and "final exit suicide." Advocates of final exit suicide will say that the decision to end one's life should remain with the individual, not the State. And if a group or another person lends information that can help someone end pain and suffering, that is not murder or manslaughter. If another individual assists in helping someone commit suicide, they are, in legal terms, abetting a felony. The predominant medical view in the United States holds that anyone who wants to willingly end…. [read more]

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