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Nissan UK Case Study

… This would have also created a greater sense of confidence, allowing both parties to feel like they were well-versed in overcoming all difficulties or potential challenges to their working relationship.

Moreover, with this particular case, there doesn't appear to be any attention paid to translation issues. There are words and phrases that exist in English that simply don't exist in any other language and vice-versa when it comes to Japanese. Translation issues are not impossible to overcome, but they're also not a walk in the park either. Translation issues can cause problems like misunderstandings or unnecessary friction between parties, making both sides feel increasingly frustrated. The details of this case point to the fact that this was an issue that was not addressed even partly.…. [read more]


Management Principles Explain the Terms Organic Essay

… Management Principles

Explain the terms organic and mechanistic in relation to organisations.

Organizations require both organic and mechanistic elements in their structures to survive by being able to successfully respond to threats and opportunities while stabilizing their core functions. The concept of the value chain as originally defined by Dr. Michael Porter illustrates how the core functions of how a business generates profits must be organic enough to respond quickly to market opportunities and threats yet stable enough in line-of-business functions to consistently deliver strategies (Porter, 1990). The value chain is one of the more flexible frameworks for illustrating how organic and mechanistic organizations can co-exist and complement each other over the long-term.

The ability of organizations to attain their most challenging objectives are often…. [read more]


Knowledge Management: AToyota Research Paper

… Knowledge Management: A Case Study of Toyota

Knowledge management is a system capable of making comparisons, analyzing trends, and presenting historical and current knowledge. But more importantly, such a system enables decision makers to analyze and understand the patterns quickly and identify the most significant trends. It is needed in an enterprise because it provides an accurate predictive method for decision makers. In addition, a knowledge management system can track and evaluate key critical success factors for decision makers, which is valuable in assessing whether or not the organization is meeting its corporate objectives and goals. Overall, a knowledge management system can assist decision makers in making better informed decisions that affect all aspects of a company's operations (Dalkir, 2005).

Toyota allegedly had just such…. [read more]


Business - Management Theory: Toyota Term Paper

… Business - Management Theory: Toyota Case Study

Toyota Case Study

In an increasingly globalized marketplace, many companies have been forced to reduce costs and staff, improve supply chain management techniques and generally become leaner competitors just to survive. Some companies, though, have managed to prosper in the face of these challenges to assume leadership roles in their respective industries and one such company today is Toyota Motor Corporation. According to Warner, "Toyota Motor Corporation is the largest of eleven car manufacturers in Japan, being responsible for about 40 per cent of car sales in the Japanese market. It is also now undoubtedly one of the biggest automobile manufacturers in the world." To help identify how Toyota achieved this success where others have failed, this study…. [read more]


Business Logistics and the Supply Chain Term Paper

… Business Logistics and the Supply Chain

In order for manufacturing companies to be successful in the emerging e-business environment, it is necessary for companies to establish strong relationships within their supply chain. A significant part of this process is improved information sharing on all levels of the chain, and the Internet allows for this integration of communication and information technologies, from the factory floor to the top office, and including the company's vendors and suppliers.

Online purchasing has provided the impetus for many manufacturing firms to move from a build-to-stock to build-to-order business model. In addition to upgrading technology, companies must work with their vendors to create win-win relationships with a special emphasis on information sharing. This requires a drastic change in manufacturer/vendor relations, which…. [read more]


Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Term Paper

… Environmental management includes recycling and remanufacturing of parts and products (Anthony, 2002). Disassembly and recycling of reusable parts help the cause of environment protection, reduces the cost of usage of a fresh component, and avoids disposal costs. Material Resource Planning (MRP), an assembly-oriented scheduling system, does not support the process of disassembly. Uncertainty of quality, quantity and timing of recovery of reusable parts makes production planning difficult. To incorporate product recovery planning in MRP, use of reverse bill of material for every retrieved component or product is recommended. Concepts used in planning probabilistic demands for end items are used in structuring the bill of material.

Closed loop system is a widely used environment practice by many companies. This system requires new material only on non-receipt…. [read more]


Master Project Business Proposal

… Business Problem Proposal

Proposed Company: The Ford Motor Company

Business Related Problem

The automobile industry and in particular, the Ford must devise methods to remain competitive and increase market share. Current market analyses indicate competition is not just other automobile industry companies, but the global market for automobiles experienced an unhealthy growth over the past five years. Looking forward, while the pace of market expansion is anticipated to slow, annual growth will become more stable.

The Ford Company will maintain or improve its current industry dominance with research. By applying linear regression, the company can correlate market and financial statements, utilize multiple regression to interpret the output, and leverage the use of time series analysis and forecasting to make business decisions. Will annual revenue continue…. [read more]


Project Management Assessing the Role Thesis

… Project Management

Assessing the Role of the Project Plan

The intent of this analysis is to assess the role of the project plan and why its location in the project planning phase is optimal for attaining inter- and intra-group collaboration and minimizing shared risk through a project's duration. This analysis will also discuss the challenges a project manager faces in creating a project plan, best practices in developing project plans, and a template for a project management deliverable are also provided. Evaluating tools and techniques, both from a theoretical and empirical standpoint, are also evaluated. This analysis concludes with recommendations for project managers who will be using the proposed project management deliverable for their project. The deliverable is a pro-forma product launch activity plan for…. [read more]


Knowledge Management Best Practices Essay

… Marriott Hotels and others are actively using SERVQUAL to measure the gap between customer expectations and experiences, generating ongoing benchmarks showing the variations in each dimension (Enz, Siguaw, 2000). This data is generating valuable insights and intelligence that guides tactical and strategic changes in their overall approach to service quality, including the addition of new services and options for guests. One of the most significant findings from this analysis is that business travelers greatly value predictability of their surroundings in Marriott properties so they can navigate the rooms at night if they have to get up (Yesawich, 2006). Marriott also found that through the use of the SERVQUAL methodology that their most frequent travelers value a more rapid check-in over the formalities of being treated…. [read more]


Open Systems Theory the Model Term Paper

… A few of previously discussed models, lacked in explicit consideration of the mentioned assumed inherited characteristics, though there was implicit adherence.

The outputs generated from components of organizational behavior are in the form of tangible products, intangible services, employees' effectives and organizational performance. These outputs are generated through organizational systems which are based on certain organizational arrangements (both formal and informal), task structures and efforts of employees.

McKinsey 7S Framework

McKinsey 7S Framework was developed by the consultants working in a firm known as McKinsey and Company. The firm dealt in applied research of industrial practices and business related matters (Pascale & Athos, 1981; Peters & Waterman, 1982). The model was named after the model of the consulting firm. It had worked out seven variables…. [read more]


Supply Chain Management Hypothesis Thesis

… It requires the total dedication from organization within which it SCM implementation is being planned. SCM "expands the scope of the organization being managed beyond the enterprise level to include interorganizational relationships." (Strader et al., 1999)

Supply chain depends heavily on the relationships that organizations can develop and sustain through personal interactions and using the latest technology. Earlier studies in SCM focused on identifying the supply chain network (SCN) developed by organizations. Later, studies focused on supply chain demands, supply chain operation and information sharing. In the present organizational environment, competitive advantages are not just single company or organization-based. Rather, they are supply chain based. (Muralidharan et al., 2002)

There are many independent models within the SCM methodology. Each of these deserve discussion. Some of…. [read more]


Participative Management: Analysis and Literature Term Paper

… (Taylor 1986)

In the 21st century, is no one perfect style of management, participatory of otherwise. For "consider how people differ. Some like meat and potatoes while others are vegetarians. Some like to take control and lead while others like to follow." James E. Mittler (2002) has the opinion "that in a free market society employees will migrate over time to companies and organizations where they are managed in a style and manner that is consistent with their internal core values-to a place where they are consistently managed the way they like to be managed." In other words, employees are free actors in a diverse capitalist market place.

What are some examples of how this theory has been applied?

Robert Lear notes that in Japan,…. [read more]


General Motors Company Case Study

… The departments in the headquarters and regional offices of General Motors have an effective reporting and communication system through which all types of information flows through a defined chain of command. It makes the whole organizational structure of the company fully functional and centralized.

5. Leadership and Motivation

The managers at General Motors use both transformational and transactional leadership styles to lead, motivate, and encourage their subordinates effectively. Using transactional leadership styles, the managers ensure that every employee at General Motors works with full commitment and dedication towards the achievement of his assigned targets or fulfillment of normal job responsibilities. They use both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational techniques to keep the morale and satisfaction of these employees at the highest level (Rowley & Jackson, 2010).…. [read more]


Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]


Applied Logistics and Supply Chain Management Dissertation

… ¶ … oil and gas industry in Libya is also directly reliant on global prices that are based on supply and demand; and any revenues generated at a given point in time depend in large part on how effective the supply chain is in mitigating the high costs of production and transporting the final product to customers. The purpose of this study was to provide a comparison between an American oil industry firm, Mobil, the world's largest publicly traded international oil and gas company in the field of supply chain management in the United States from the perspective of the Toyota supply chain approach. This analysis will then be applied to a Libyan oil industry firm, Alwaha, to identify best practices for Alwaha in developing…. [read more]


Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry Term Paper

… Knowledge Management in the Automotive Industry

The Current and Potential Use of Knowledge Management within the Automotive Industry

Automotive Industry Analysis

Current Use of Knowledge Management in Automotive

Potential Future

The automotive industry's use of knowledge management is progressing from creating and sustaining knowledge systems designed to support the major phases of product development, supplier management, production and service to a more strategic approach of supporting interorganizational learning strategies and knowledge transfer. The resulting impact on it-based strategies is the development of Enterprise Content Management (ECM) platforms that are specifically developed to enable greater interorganizational learning and foster the growth of learning ecosystems between auto manufacturers, their suppliers, customers, and services organizations. Global leaders in automotive manufacturing have progressed beyond the life cycle approach of…. [read more]


Occupational Health and Safety Policies Case Study

… Health check is maintained as a record in Toyota. In 2002, health check was conducted by Toyota and it was seen that the total percentage of the healthy employees in Toyota is 55%, which was short of the actual aim of 75%.

In the case of health levels of employees, there are some factors that were included while conducting the health survey. One of the most important factors was the participation in lifestyle guidance meetings, which in 2002 was 75%, which was lower than the actual 100%. Thereby from here, it can be seen that in accordance to the occupational health and safety policies of Toyota, all of the employees, clients, and workers are required to attend the occupational health awareness workshop. In the case…. [read more]


Ing Organizational Structure Case Study

… A modern organization chart can look like a spider web with many connections to individual units and from the top to all units. Unlike the hierarchal systems the modern systems are flat. The organization design is affected by the strategy. But it is the contingencies that actually decide the organization structure. In stable environments the system begins to take the traditional method while in a fluctuation market the systems created are dynamic and flexible. (Daft, 2009)

Theoretical considerations must also be taken into account -- these being prevailing laws and the fundamental economic and psychological theories. For example there are many theories on inclinations, for example one theory states that people like to work and seek more and more responsibility, autonomy and freedom at work…. [read more]


Identifying a Problem in an Organization and Coming Up With the Solutions Thesis

… Business Management Critical Reflection

Critical Reflection of Leadership and Change Management on an it System Implementation

The Information Systems (IS) Department of Toyota Motor Sales USA (TMS) had become overwhelmed with the many committed projects to the sales force, service, and dealer organizations, yet had not been able to define accountability for results. This situation was made even more challenging due to the fact that a new Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system was being implemented throughout TMS, requiring significant change to IS, Marketing, Services, Operations and Sales roles throughout the company. Despite these many projects and the impending ERP project that was one of the largest in the company's history, the IS Department failed to deliver any of them on deadline, earning a reputation as…. [read more]


International Operations Management Strategy of Boeing Company Term Paper

… International Operations Management Strategy of Boeing Company

As the largest manufacturer of aircraft in the world, Boeing provides some valuable examples of best industry practices with respect to their supply chain management and lean manufacturing principles. By forging strategic partnerships with suppliers around the world, Boeing has developed a sophisticated but complex supply chain that requires fine-tuned management techniques to ensure that inventory levels are maintained at their lowest possible levels while ensuring that parts are available when and where they are needed. Certainly, the company has experienced its fair share of missteps over the years, but the research will show that they have learned from these mistakes and become even more efficient as a result. To determine how Boeing has achieved its remarkable track…. [read more]


Supply Chain Management Research Paper

… Supply Chain Management

What does it mean when we say that a process is capable?

In the context of supply chain management and lean manufacturing, when a process is said to be capable, it is within the boundaries of performance as defined through statistical process control (SPC) or Six Sigma methodologies. Process capability is the characteristic of a given workflow to produce a similar level of product quality over duration of production run or process (Parry, Mills, Turner, 2010). Process capability is very important in reverse logistics strategies manufacturers use for recycling packaging and components, ensuring these items meet minimum criterion for use in production again (Cheng, Lee, 2010). In industries where the inventory turns are many times more often than once a week on…. [read more]


Business Studies Reflection on Logistics Essay

… Another comfortable subject within the logistics management subject area is the use of the internet and the way technology is able to improve logistics management. The internet has been empowering for all areas of businesses and consumers, not only bringing together the different players, but increasing transparency through tracing and monitoring (Wheelen & Hunger, 2008).

The concept of centralization within logistics has provided a few more challenges in terms of the overall understanding (Wheelen & Hunger, 2008). Centralization has some benefits, and has been seen in other areas of strategy, but just as centralization has benefits, there may also be some dangers and false economies. Centralization may decrease some costs, but if all goods are sent to one location prior to sending out, this may…. [read more]


Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY -- ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY AND THE INTERVIEWS

Understanding the main…. [read more]


Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]


Corporate Strategies of Japanese Automaker Term Paper

… al, 1995, p. 2). Corporate strategies operate by maintaining ongoing relationships with suppliers and open communication throughout the design, development and production process; assembly line workers are also involved as part of corporate strategy, and learn to be responsible for delivering only superior quality products to the finish line (Chapman, et. al, 1995, p.2).

Japanese style alliances" and strategies have also been heralded as "a critical source of competitive advantage for large Japanese assemblers" (Dyer, et. al, 2002: p.717, Nishiguchi, 1994). Studies suggest that Japanese strategies which include cooperative supplier-assembler relationships outperform other automakers in other countries by "developing relation-specific knowledge, investing in relation-specific assets, and minimizing transaction costs" (Dyer, et. al, 2002: p. 717; Nishiguchi, 1994). Japanese corporate strategies include building exclusive ties with…. [read more]


Product Placement Case Study

… ¶ … Product Placement

The last couple of years or even decades saw the proliferation of product placements in American television programs. Whether it is reality TV, soap operas, dramas, variety shows or children's program, advertisers have come up with various strategies to ensure that their products are widely seen on television. Product placement is the purposeful incorporation of commercial content into noncommercial settings, that is, a product plug generated via the fusion of advertising and entertainment (Williams, Petrosky, Hernandez, & Page 2011). This mode of advertising is also known as plug or incorporating commercials into television shows and even films. The number of product placements in prime-time television programs rose 13% in 2007 (Kang 2008) [and] as the placement industry approaches an estimated $1…. [read more]


Creating Organizational Value Dissertation

… Considering the numerous parameters associated with a technochange atmosphere, there are certainly an immense array of company-specific considerations leaders must diligently manage. The term technochange itself, which was originally coined by Dr. M.L. Markus of the Claremont Graduate School in California, was created in an attempt to "capture the broad spectrum of aspects that are related to and have an impact on changes within an organization." Accordingly, the streamlining of the presumably intricate data fields of the relevant organization and its customer and/or investor pool, represents one such daunting but vital aspect for any manager under these circumstances (Dixon, 1999). One of the initial duties in achieving profitability through new systematic integration is leadership's extensive research and ultimate cumulative understanding of all pre-existing operational inputs…. [read more]


Manufacturing Seven Key Elements Term Paper

… Finally, the researcher possesses extensive experience in large-scale implementation through current and former work activities and training sessions, thereby possessing the ability to provide a personal reflection on the overall process and the essential requirements for a successful execution. Each of these elements will provide extensive support to the hypotheses addressed in the proposed research study.

Rationale of the Study

The importance of a research study and the analysis of existing resources related to World Class Manufacturing is critical in order to demonstrate that in successful endeavors, this strategy provides a number of outstanding benefits for its users, including increased productivity and profitability, employee team building, and leadership development. Manufacturing plants across the United States are in desperate need of dramatic reevaluations and overhauls of…. [read more]


Fiat's Fall From Grace Can Fiat Turn Thesis

… Fiat Case Study

Fiat, once a global leader in auto manufacturing, is more challenged than the majority of other global manufacturers by the ongoing recession due to several macro and micro environmental factors. Despite their many strategic challenges as discussed in the case, the company has prospects globally due to their expertise with small car manufacturing. The intent of this analysis is to examine the extent of how macro and micro environmental factors influence Fiat's current condition. A SWOT analysis and a summary of the best potential options available for the auto maker is presented at the end of this analysis based on the research completed. The company's many macro-environmental factors are exacerbated by the current status of the global auto industry and the bail-out…. [read more]

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