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Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Christabel Term Paper

… Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Christabel"

Gothic Elements of Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Christabel"

In the early 19th century, the Romantic writers introduced fantastic elements into their writing, which soon become its own important literary style. This style was a natural answer to the unease that was felt from the rather oppressive Age of Reason, and, as a consequence, struck a death toll for the Enlightenment. The economic and societal collages of England at this time inspired writers to turn to the supernatural and fantastic as a means of escape from their dark world. One part of this literary genre is Gothic literature. Though often difficult to pin down as a definition, The Norton Anthology states that the "Gothic came to designate... The terrifying, especially the pleasurably terrifying"…. [read more]

Coleridge and 18 Thcent.Tradition Samuel Taylor Term Paper

… Coleridge & 18 thCent.Tradition

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Rebellion against 18th Century Neo-Classical Tradition in Poetry

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), along with his contemporary and artistic peer William Wordsworth, is credited with ushering in, during the final years of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th, the Romantic tradition in English poetry, a departure from18th century Neo-classicism as embodied within works by Pope; Dryden; Swift; Johnson, and others.

As Moore observes, for example:

Coleridge and Wordsworth inspired each other to new heights of achievement.

In 1798 they jointly published Lyrical Ballads, considered one of the most revolutionary volumes in English verse. During their years of close friendship,

Coleridge wrote his greatest poetry, including "The Rime of the Ancient

Mariner," "Kubla [sic] Khan," and…. [read more]

Samuel Taylor Coleridge the Cliched Term Paper

… .. I see them all so excellently fair, / I see, not feel, how beautiful they are!' (Coleridge, 1912, 364). Coleridge sees, but does not feel; he has lost the imaginative capacity which Wordsworth had taught him was the fundamental sense of a poet. In a letter to Robert Southey written at this time he remarks that 'all my poetic Genius, if ever I really possessed any Genius, & it was not rather a mere general aptitude of Talent, & quickness in Imitation, is gone' (Hill, 177).

Coleridge's poem 'The Eolian Harp' was developed over a long period - as long as twenty-three years, beginning in 1795 (Hill, 22-3). In its changing nature can be seen, among other things, the influence of Wordsworth on Coleridge's…. [read more]

Samuel Taylor Coleridge Term Paper

… ¶ … Samuel Taylor Coleridge

During Samuel Taylor Coleridge's lifetime, the critics were at best dismissive and at worst harsh and cruel. However, as reviewed by scholars in the 20th and 21st centuries, as Suther (1) states, "there seems to be very nearly universal agreement as to Coleridge's intellectual stature: he possessed one of the most agile and comprehensive minds we know of in nineteenth-century England." One reason for this literary acclaim is that 150 years ago, "he was already grappling brilliantly and unsuccessfully with what are still crucial problems of artistic, philosophical, and religious adjustment, problems which few if any of his contemporaries grasped as directly as he did" (Suther 4). Yet, despite his acknowledged writings on nature and religion, his impact on general…. [read more]

Wordsworth and Coleridge's Response Research Proposal

… 1)

Coleridge played an important role in perfecting Wordsworth's understanding of nature. While it would be too much to consider that the former actually enabled the latter to see nature through different eyes, it is only safe to say that he provided Wordsworth with the ability to see nature from a different perspective. "He had become afraid of the analytical use of the intellect, but after he had come to know Coleridge, he saw that he might use the intellect not destructively but creatively, to build up his earlier knowledge of Nature into a philosophy." (Lacey 1948, p. 48)

Wordsworth's "The Prelude" actually makes it possible for readers to understand that the poet had problems finding his personal identity. Coleridge's "To William Wordsworth" stands as…. [read more]

Rime of Ancient Mariner Samuel Term Paper

… This transformation results into his urge to tell his story to everyone and he repents throughout the rest of his life. Hence, the Mariner comes to the conclusion that the better world can be achieved if one sees the values of the petty things in life.

This poem has also been considered an allegory of the man's relation with the spiritual and the metaphysical world. The killing of the albatross results in the punishment of the Mariner by the spiritual world with the help of the natural world. The sun, water, wind, crew members and the ghosts all carry some sort of supernatural element. They all become a cause of suffering for the Mariner. The spiritual world as weaved by the Coleridge has also been…. [read more]

Love According to Coleridge Term Paper

… Without love and care, the monster rejects the doctor. In the end, the monster says, "my heart was fashioned to be susceptible of love and sympathy; and, when wrenched by misery to vice and hatred, it did not endure the violence of the change without torture, such as you cannot even imagine" (1032).

Shelley makes a strong statement about love hers, as she shows how the monster was regarded as a "thing" that is undeserving of love or affection, when it was actually more human in nature than its creator.

In the end, the doctor realizes the truth of the consequences of his actions, as he is dying. He states, as he dies, "Seek happiness in tranquility, and avoid ambition, even if it be only…. [read more]

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Poem Term Paper

… " This poem celebrates love and leads us to believe that there is nothing more beautiful than love except, perhaps, the starlit night. (791)

Another famous Romantic poet is John Keats who also wrote many poems admiring the beautiful elements of nature. He also wrote Poem of love. In his poem, "Bright Star," we see Keats speaking to a star as he imagines that star shining upon "his fair love's ripening breast" and listening to her "tender-taken" breath. Keats is experimenting with something beautiful gazing upon something beautiful. (1205)

An example of a modern-day Romantic could be James Wright's poem entitled "Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy's Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota." In this poem Wright is employing the traditional Romantic technique of examining…. [read more]

Worlds of Phaedo and the Occult Term Paper

… Worlds of Phaedo and the Occult we are imprisoned in the body, like an oyster in his shell. The Socrates of Plato, Phaedrus what is purification but... The release of the soul from the chains of the body?" The Socrates of Plato, Phaedo (Free Dictionary)

The central thesis of this paper is the meaning of the Platonic concepts of the forms and particulars as they relate to an understanding of the occult. The difference between the Forms and Particulars, it will be argued, is equivalent to the difference between the unknown and the known or the strange and the familiar. The occult will be viewed as the knowledge of the unknown. This view of the forms and particulars will be applied using Freudian and Jungian…. [read more]

Christabel and Gothic Motifs Term Paper

… Gothic Motifs in Christabel

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem "Christabel" contains a wealth of gothic imagery that entices the reader with vivid images of vampires, moldy castles, dark moonlit nights, and tragic heroines.

The opening lines of Part I of the poem set the stage for what is to come.

Tis the middle of night by the castle clock,

And the owls have awakened the crowing cock;

whit!-- -- Tu -- whoo!

And hark, again! The crowing cock,

How drowsily it crew" (Coleridge).

Gothic imagery is unmistakable, from the owls to the middle of the night, signifying darkness and mystery.

Setting in the poem is a key ingredient in the gothic motifs Coleridge uses to convey images and ideas.

The moon is behind, and at the…. [read more]

William Blake, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Term Paper

… He attributes our experiences with the world (Nature) that we live in as 'support' or helpful to helping humans create their own constructs of what is good and bad, right or wrong: "... no testimony can be admitted which is contrary to reason, reason is founded on the evidence of our senses." Thus, reason determines an individual's judgment on the goodness of an act, and ultimately shapes the concept of what is good within him/her.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge offers a different view of the concept of melancholy compared to John Keats, despite their being both Romanticist poets of the 19th century. Coleridge offers a positive outlook at melancholic contemplation in "The Nightingale," where he centers his attention on how people get relief and brief happiness…. [read more]

By Samuel Taylor Coleridge Essay

… Again, the poem is repeating the fact that the crewmembers are going through pain and loss only because of the sin that the mariner committed.

Part 3

In the third part of the poem, the author uses another simile for the Ghost Ship. As mentioned before, the mood of the poem changes into a very fearsome and fretful one. He talks about the ship making the sun look like a prisoner through bars of the dungeon. This can again be considered personification as well because a ship can't necessarily make someone or something appear like a prisoner.

Alas! (thought I, and my heart beat loud)

How fast she nears and nears!

Are those her sails that glance in the Sun,

Like restless gossameres?

In this…. [read more]

Portfolio Studying Literature Is an Eye Opening Experience Term Paper

… ¶ … Eye Opening Experience

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge

The Depiction of Satan

Thomas Pynchon's Concept of Hyper-Reality Novel: The Crying of Lot 49

Diotima's Speech in Plato's Symposium

Duchess of Malfi by John Webster

The range of options and prospects that literature presents to scholars makes it one of the most attractive forms of art. It prepares scholars adequately to face the challenges of life. In particular, the copious possibilities have opened my mind to fresh ideas alongside techniques for evaluating and reviewing works of literature. I also realized that the modern techniques have a bearing on scholars' discernment and perception of modern literature in comparison to the ancient or traditional literary works. However, my three-year study in…. [read more]

Rime of the Ancient Mariner Term Paper

… Coleridge's Rime Of The Ancient Mariner

Considered by many literary scholars as the greatest example of English Romantic poetry, Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" relates the tale of a mariner and his wanderings aboard a mysterious ship that is doomed because of the mariner's killing of an albatross, a large white bird which sailors have always viewed as a symbol of death if it is killed through a malicious act. For the most part, the poem is full of psychological themes linked to the mariner's wanderings which play a very crucial role in the poem's overall effect. But most importantly, the mariner is trapped in a watery and dangerous world filled with the unknown which Coleridge manipulates through the use of human…. [read more]

Kubla Khan Research Proposal

… ¶ … imagery does Coleridge use in his poem "Kubla Khan"? Do his images influence your interpretation of the poem?

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's images in his poem "Kubla Khan" are exotic, and paint a vivid fictional picture of a far-off, mythical world in the ancient Near East. His language strives to create a kind of Never-Never land in the reader's mind, and succeeds in making the reader more accepting of some of the more extravagant images of the poem, like the "woman wailing for her demon-lover." The language of the poet is full of hyperbole: "caverns measureless to man" and "from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething, / as if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing." The dream-like quality of the poem is…. [read more]

Romantic Period Writers Shared a Common Appreciation Essay

… Romantic Period writers shared a common appreciation for nature in their writing. In addition, writers of this era were also attentive to personal emotion and imagination. These aspects can be seen in the works of John Keats, in his poem "Ode to a Nightingale" and Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Percy Shelley's poem, "Ode to the West Wind." These poems express the Romantic era in that they focus on elements of nature with aspects of the imagination. These thoughts led them to consider things that are beyond this earthly experience. It is life experience coupled with nature that led these poets to explore human existence on a higher plane.

In "Ode to a Nightingale," the poet is working primarily from his imagination, prompted by the nightingale's…. [read more]

Ben Franklin's Writing Expresses Term Paper

… "

Formal & Thematic similarities within the two poems & their ideological tenets

In the case of Coleridge's poem, This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison, one of the things that are perhaps the most apparent in regard to the poetic form implemented by the poet is that he effectually blends sensory modalities of sight, sound, and touch, subsequently leading to a gradually climactic disclosure of the ostensibly intrinsic divinity of nature. This is particularly apparent in context to the manner in which the poet decrees there to be an actual "hunger after nature" within the character of Charles:

My gentle-hearted Charles! For thou hast pined

And hunger'd after Nature, many a year,

In the great City pent, winning thy way

The poet clearly feels sympathy for…. [read more]

Rime of the Ancient Mariner Essay

… He had, as a result, what pop-psychology would call a nervous breakdown. The stress was too great, and his brain disengaged; he fell victim to PTSD, but he saw it as visions (Ribkoff & Inglis). Because he survived the trauma, he has self-imposed the therapy of needing to "absolve" himself through the continual telling of the tale. Interestingly, this is the opposite of one of the results of PTSD. Normally the sufferer will become very stoic and unable to tell what happened (Ribkoff & Inglis).


The tale of the ancient mariner is difficult to fully understand because it is so disjointed and chaotic. The mariner jumps from one reality to another and his rime is so fantastical that it cannot be believed. But it…. [read more]

Role and Importance of the Poets Essay

… ¶ … role and importance of the poets has changed throughout the history of mankind. Back in the period, the Romantics believed that the poet represented the spiritual guide of the people, who helped the reader identify their most internal emotions, intuitions and imaginations.

Today, the role of the poet is less certain than during those days and this is the result of numerous changes obvious within the society. During the Romantic period, reading was a primary activity of the population, but today, other distractions exist and make reading less popular. Television for instance, alongside with the internet, computer games and other such distractions make it less tempting for the public to engage in reading poetry. Nowadays then, reading poetry is an activity carefully selected…. [read more]

Travel Narrative Term Paper

… Travelogues of the Natural World and the Picturesque Fantastic:

Coleridge's "The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner"

Two journeys frame the text of Coleridge's "the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner." The first journey is the external travail of the main protagonist, the ancient mariner of the title. This man is condemned to wander the earth, after cruelly killing the fair bird of prey, the albatross, while he was sailing as a young man. The second journey of the framed poem is the internal, psychological progression of the wedding guest. This unnamed individual is also changed, and goes through a moving journey by listening to the travelogue of the ancient sailor. The journey of the wedding guest is not a physical one, as he never moves from…. [read more]

Wordsworth Returning to Nature Essay

… The Speaker in this poem declares "Little we see in Nature that is ours; / We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!" What he means is that people do not see much utility in nature (utility as in a place for emotional and spiritual catharsis). Instead, we have given our hearts away to materialistic pursuits. As a result we have grown vapid and vain, "we are out of tune," the speaker says. This implies that people are off balance for not sharing the speaker's zealotry for nature.

This becomes clear when the speaker cusses in the poem, "Great God!" he yells. Here is frustration boils over and he claims he rather be a "Pagan" (which could be considered to be the equivalent of…. [read more]

Mary Wollstonecraft "Freedom, Even Uncertain Essay

… 1978). With this equal treatment women can enter any profession and have careers just the same as men.

The most radical of all theories by Mary Wollstonecraft was proposing that boys and girls should be educated together; such an idea was never brought forward before. The idea of co-educational schooling was simply regarded as nonsense by many educational thinkers of the time (Taylor, et al. 1983). It was a fashionable belief that if women were educated and not docile, husbands would lose any power they had over their wives. Mary Wollstonecraft was furious about this and maintained that 'This is the very point I aim at. I do not wish them to have power over men but over themselves'.

Mary Wollstonecraft preferred co-educational day schools,…. [read more]

Symbolic Themes of Mystery Term Paper

… As the albatross "perch'd for vespers nine" (line 76), a reference to prayers spoken by the crew or nine ship's bells tolling in the mist, while "all the night, through fog-smoke white/Glimmer'd the white moonshine" (lines 77-78), the ancient Mariner suddenly kills the bird with his crossbow ("I shot the Albatross," line 82) which shows that the narrative of the poem is set in Medieval times when, according to Celtic myth, birds represented prophetic knowledge or bloodshed in the form of an omen or a messenger of bad tidings (Nooden, Internet).

In Part Two of the "Rime of the Ancient Mariner," the albatross commences his revenge upon the Mariner and his crewman by initiating two distinct "plague" motifs -- first, as bereavement and guilt overcome…. [read more]

Depression and Addictive Behavior Thesis

… Depression and Addictive Behavior

Double Cruel Hand

Comobid Conditions

Contemporary, Challenging Concerns Worldwide

Derangement of the Volition 7 Contemporary Addictions



Role of Cocaine Use in Depression

Clinical Techniques of Helping



Tried and True" Techniques


Points for Treatment Consideration

Clients' Reported Med Use When Admitted to Substance Abuse Clinics

Personal Growth and Maintenance (adapted from Daley, 2007)

"To Do" Recommendations

Physical and Lifestyle Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery

Emotional Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery from Addiction and Depression



Addiction and depression are common comorbid conditions." (Daley, 2007)

Double Cruel Hand

Comorbid," the term Daley (2007) purports in this study's introductory quote, denotes addiction and depression. According to Webster's New Millennium ™ Dictionary of English, comorbid, an…. [read more]

Willlam Hazlitt Largely Comments Essay

… Boris Pasternak maintains that Shakespeare uses rhythm excellently and most clearly in Hamlet and in turn fulfills three purposes simultaneously: it functions as a method of characterization, it sustains the prevailing mood and makes it audible, and heightens the tone of the scene or soften its brutality. He invites the reader's or audience's attention to the variety of characters created by the very rhythm of their dialogues or speech. Polonius, Claudius, Horatio, Guildestern and Rosenchantz speak a certain way, while Laertes, Ophelia, and the others speak another way. Queen Gertrude's credulity is shown by her singing vowels and not only by her words.

Edgar Allan Poe feels that the very attempt to analyze and expound on the characters, such as to account for action or…. [read more]

William Wordsworth: A Wordsmith Research Paper

… 11) "Thy nature is not therefore less divine:" -- suggests the child ignorance of her innocence. 12) "Thou liest in Abraham's bosom all the year;" -- suggests her soul is blessed by God. 13) "And worshipp'st at the Temple's inner shrine," -- suggests the child's closeness to nature (the Temple). 14) "God being with thee when we know it not." -- indicates the protection God reserves for innocent children yet not for adults; suggests that because she is natural she is closer or more connected to nature.

The poem is an expression of Wordsworth's deep affection for his daughter. The first half of the octave gives the reader a picture of a tranquil sunset into a gentle sea; however the following lines six through eight…. [read more]

Dorothy Wordsworth --"We Journeyed Side Term Paper

… The sheepfold is falling away. It is built nearly in the form of a heart unequally divided. Look down the brook, and see the drops rise upwards and sparkle in the air at the little falls, the higher sparkles the tallest. (Wordworth 81).

That Wordsworth heavily relied upon his sister is evidenced in frequent mention in his poetry, such as the following from Poems on the Naming of Places, III:

And She who dwells with me, whom I have loved

With such communion, that no place on earth

Can ever be a solitude to me,

Hath to this lonely Summit given my Name' (Wordsworth 60).

Soon after settling at Grasmere, William began the long, never finished poem "The Recluse," in which he characterizes his intimate…. [read more]

Plato's Phaedo and Stc's "Christabel Essay

… But Coleridge would write a second part of the poem, in anticipation of the revised edition of Lyrical Ballads, whereupon Wordsworth suddenly rejected the poem for its Gothic and supernatural elements. As Gamer puts it "Wordsworth objected primarily to the 'extraordinary Incidents' of 'Christabel' -- a phrase that occurs both in the Preface's attack on gothic fiction and drama and in Coleridge's reviews of gothic fiction." (Gamer 125). In other words, something about the supernatural and occult element of "Christabel" seemed to Wordsworth out of harmony with his own rather placid pastoral depiction of the persistence of rural English life in the face of the industrial revolution. Yet it is also possible that Wordsworth was simply disinclined to face up to the queasy issues of…. [read more]

Austen, Eliot, Besant, Browning: 19Th Century Views of Marriage and Property Essay

… ¶ … Marriage in 19th c English lit

To a certain extent, England owes its national identity in the modern period to issues of marriage: it was over marriage policy that Henry VIII would break with Rome and establish his own church in the sixteenth century, and the Church of England's denial of sacramental status to marriage led to a large-scale literary attempt (whose results are evident in works as disparate as Spenser's "Epithalamion" to Shakespeare's "Much Ado About Nothing") to find a cultural meaning for marriage when the religious meaning had been radically redefined. By the nineteenth century, however, the religious debate over marriage had largely been subsumed by a legal one (with extensive parliamentary wrangling over the status of married women's property rights,…. [read more]

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