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Catholic Church Standing Essay

… ¶ … Catholic Church standing as one of the most influential institutions in Europe during the first half of the twentieth century, it seems natural for its position toward Nazi anti-Semitism to have had a particular importance for affairs on the continent at the time. In spite of the Vatican's determination to put across its opposition toward the totalitarian regimes ruling over most of Europe during the period, its power was limited as a result of the growing influence that Hitler and Mussolini came to have. The Church's stance was related to imposing a Modus Vivendi approach, stressing the fact that it did not support Hitler and Mussolini and that it expected the two leaders to accept its perspective in regard to Nazi anti-Semitism.

Even…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Catholic Church in Spain Term Paper

… On the flip side however, rising attitudes of liberalism, republicanism, socialism, anarchism, and intellectual pluralism ensured a direct and stiff challenge to the once accepted view of the clergy that Spain was always a catholic nation and would be one always.

The author has divided the book into twenty-four chapters. There is an introduction that surveys the Church from 1808 to 1873, followed by which there is a critical examination of the Church and politics from the year 1874 which signals the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy until the year 1930 which brought about the fall of the Primo de Rivera dictatorship. There is also a brief description and analysis of a host of topics that comprise the religious organization, clerical demography, the size, positioning…. [read more]


Catholic Church and the Death Penalty Thesis

… Catholic Church and the Death Penalty

The objective of this work is to provide a historical account of the Catholic Church in regards to its position on the death penalty and how that position has changed over time. The work of Norko (2008) entitled: "The Death Penalty in Catholic Teaching and Medicine: Intersections and Places for Dialogue" that the Catholic Church has "...held tensions in its views of the death penalty for centuries. While there have been recent developments in position statements in the Church, they are also not without their disagreements and differences of interpretation, as well as underlying values. " (Norko, 2008, p.1)

Catholics and the Death Penalty

According to Norko the history of the Catholic Church and its teachings on the death…. [read more]


Direct Impact That Catholic Voices Literature Review

… Although initially Unda and OCIC were both founded separately and had no connection to one another what so ever, but after the 1960's both these organizations started coming together more and more as they started dividing the tasks, that before they were doing separately, among themselves. Unda started working with UNESCO in the activities regarding the media education[footnoteRef:9] whereas; OCIC became concerned with the internet and video productions. Since 1980's all the congresses and meetings were being held jointly and later on in 2001 due to the need for one large organization devoted to all the media of the world, these two organizations merged into one organization known as SIGNIS. [9: See the Unda publication Educommunication Nouvelles, which started in may 1987 as a trimestrial…. [read more]


How Were Catholics Treated Socially Economically and Politically in the Period Between 1865 and 1895? Term Paper

… Catholics in America:

During the period in American history just before the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, the United States was experiencing great change in its social, political and economic arenas, due mostly to the continuing expansion westward beyond the Mississippi River. This new territory was already inhabited by thousands of Catholics, mainly of Mexican descent, but much of the territory was completely unsettled and wild and was peopled by Native American Indian tribes. With new immigrants coming into the United States "at a rate of some two million every ten years from countries such as Ireland, France, Spain, Italy and Central Europe, the Catholic population exploded and was to serve as the basis for much social and political trouble in the future"…. [read more]


Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church Term Paper

… Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church

The whole of Latin America has been weighed down by dictatorial regimes. The age of Human rights and democracy had been met with brute force. Many of these military takeovers had been planned extremely methodically and the political forces could do nothing else but avoid any all-out confrontation with the military generals. However, a few groups who did resist the takeovers had been crushed in a short time. Also, due to lack of accountability and prevalent state of lawlessness, corruption became widespread (Edward, 1997).

It is important to note that during the cold war America directed many secret CIA operations throughout Latin America. These operations created a bad mind set amongst the people of Latin America for…. [read more]


Bartoleme De Las Casas Research Paper

… Advocate and Radical

Yet, not everyone agrees with his being given such a title. The situation as he described it was not always so utterly black and white. While there were certainly abuses on the part of the conquistadors, they were not always motivated by malice. Oftentimes they were the effect of indifference, ignorance, and lack of consideration. All the same, the abuses were inexcusable, and the missionaries constantly sought to balance the desire of the conquistadors to "erect" New Spain with the welfare of the natives, whose lives were put at risk in the process. In one way, De Las Casas represents the fight to secure for the natives the kind of life the Spaniards sought for themselves. In another way, De Las Casas…. [read more]


James Joyce, Portrait Essay

… ..mind and body," "aware of nothing that is in the world" give the reader a feeling of man's happenstance with the spiritual world. Joyce appears to be giving this situation as the first main sin that Stephen generates in a long sequence of perturbing carnal living that he goes through during the course of the novel (noticing the beauty of the woman who lies out on the beach) and therefore produces it as an epiphany to contribute the reader the feeling that Stephen is slowly starting to realize what the world has to compromise against what the church has to bring.

This sounds very familiar with the prodigal son in the bible who also turned away from God for a season very much like Stephen.…. [read more]


"Family to Family" by Pipes and Lee Book Report

… The model created by Pipes and Lee is depicted by an image of concentric circles which spread outward, with the "self" remaining at the center and each circle expanding to eventually cover "person X," or a stranger you have yet to meet.6

5. Ibid, p. 71-73.

6. Ibid, p. 58.

I hope to open myself up to these daily opportunities for evangelical teaching, searching for people in my academic, professional or personal lives who may benefit from exposure to biblical teachings. Remaining mindful of the views held by others must be paramount, however, because in my mind many chances for genuine conversion are lost due to the overzealous overtures made by overeager Christians bursting with enthusiasm as they try to spread the Good Word.

The…. [read more]


Self-Evaluation of Church Organisations and Individuals Research Proposal

… ¶ … SELF-EVALUATION OF CHURCH ORGANISATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH THE EUROPEAN EFQM MODEL FOR EXCELLENCE: A THEOLOGICAL AND BIBLICAL EVALUATION.

In this thesis, the researcher defines "excellence" as the outstanding practice in guiding and practicing Church life and achieving results. While truly excellent organizations consist of those individuals who strive to satisfy their stakeholders, excellent churches strive to satisfy the One Who said: "I will build My Church…" Those who strive to satisfy Christ will achieve results through what they achieve, how they achieve it, and what they will likely achieve, along with the confidence they have that the results will be sustained in the future.

Purpose of Study

Church administration and individuals (every Christian believer) can glean from quality criteria that are developed in…. [read more]


Religion and Society Research Proposal

… ¶ … Catholic Religion Over the Last 100 Years

Allsopp, M. And O'Keefe, J.J. (1995). Veritas splendor: American responses.

Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward.

Authors Allsopp and O'Keefe explore Pope John Paul II's encyclical Veritas Splendor, an extensive analysis of Catholic morality which has come under extreme criticism over the last fifty years. In this book, the authors offer a series of essays that deal with the various responses of American Catholics to this highly-controversial document.

Bokenkotter, T. (2000). A concise history of the catholic church. New York: Image Books.

As an updated edition, this expansive history on the Roman Catholic Church examines in great detail the various events and doctrines that have helped to determine the Catholic Church's present status in the world.…. [read more]


Martin Luther: Biographical Sketch Essay

… The writings of Luther faced strong condemnation by pope in 1518 who declared that his writings conflicted with the Church's teachings. Luther's teachings were also examined by a series of commissions. A public verdict known as the papal bull was issued by Pope Leo X in July 1520 concluding that the proposals of Luther were unorthodox and contradicted with accepted beliefs of the Christian community. He was asked to take back and disavow his propositions in 120 days in Rome. However, after Luther's refusal to repudiate, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1521 by Pope Leo (Atchley, 2010).

Split with the Church

Luther realized that he had to break with Rome. Therefore, he decided to make his position wider and thus aimed to…. [read more]


Life of Martin Luther Essay

… A number of years before his death, Luther began to suffer from ill health. Problems included a cataract in one eye, vertigo, fainting, tinnitus, and Meniere's disease (Bainton, 2011). By 1536 he also struggled with stones in the kidney and bladder, a ruptured ear drum from an ear infection, and arthritis (Bainton, 2011). In 1544, angina also started to plague him, and there was speculation that all the stress he had dealt with in his life may have played a role in the troubles he was experiencing as he aged (Bainton, 2011). He had married at 41 years old, and his wife cared for him as he became increasingly sick and short-tempered (Bainton, 2011). This affected his writings, as he became harsher in his criticism…. [read more]


Development of Christology in Catholic Theology Essay

… Christology and Catholicism

The Development of Christology

From the beginning, the Church has been Christocentric. This means that Christ has the central place in the relationship between the world and God. Christ is viewed as the mediator between God and humankind, standing in the middle of Christian faith. Catholic spirituality works through Christ to the Father in the Holy Spirit. Thus, Christ is not separate from the Trinity, but one of its persons. Christ's saving work founds the Church, which is his "body" and which works out Christ's mediating action in the world. None of this has changed over the years. Out of the early scriptural formulations, Christology developed in ecclesial tradition.

The Catholic Church holds the position that Jesus is simultaneously truly human and…. [read more]


Shape and to Create Essay

… William the Conquerer was a rule who made it clear that he was to be treated as one more powerful and more popular than the pope, and that even the pope's envoys needed to enter England with the permission of William and that same permission was needed in order for members of the papal group to publish.

While these moves might appear incredibly controlling, William was one of the people who was able to push England into being an ideal European nation, a nation that was simply better organized and more powerful. And part of these achievements were connected to the fact that he took power away from the papacy and some of their more archaic tendencies for ruling and controlling -- old fashioned regimes…. [read more]


Godfather III Term Paper

… Godfather III - the Relationships Between Organized Crime & Catholicism

The Godfather Part III is a film about all the things that the two previous Godfather movies have been about: organized crime, political corruption, physical intimidation and violence, shootings and bloody death scenes, Italian mob culture, power, greed, arrogance, and yes, millions of dollars obtained illegally.

But in addition to those unseemly elements, the Godfather Part III is also about godfather Michael Corleone attempting but failing to go into legitimate businesses, about Corleone feeling guilt over a number of evil things he has done, about Corelone asking for forgiveness. Godfather III is also about major corruption within the Roman Catholic Church and about the shady dealings the Roman Catholic Church enters into with a known…. [read more]


Father of Modern Missions: William Carey Research Paper

… [footnoteRef:21] By 1722, the brethren of the Moravian Church had come to Saxony to settle on the estate of Count Nicholas Lundwig von Zinzendorf. This settlement was known as Herrnhut, and it became the first Moravian Church in England. In Zinzendorf, the Moravian brethren found a champion and protector; Zinzendorf declared that the Moravians were "truly unprejudiced against their Fellow Sisters (other churches) never taking part in their quarrels, never judging any Body, or its members." [21: Ibid.]

As the Moravian influence in England continued to grow, it reached esteemed religious pioneers like John Wesley.[footnoteRef:22] In fact, as the Moravian societies settled in England, many of them remained with the Church of England, attending the local parish churches.[footnoteRef:23] The separation of the Moravian brethren into…. [read more]


Man for All Seasons 1966 Film Review

… Sir Thomas More is remembered throughout history as a man who went through great efforts with the purpose of emphasizing his point-of-view and who stood by his principles even if they brought him death. Fred Zinnemann's 1966 motion picture "A Man for All Seasons" discusses More's tumultuous relationship with King Henry VIII of England. In spite of his appreciation of the King and of moral values, More cannot accept breaking away from the Catholic Church and follows his principles even with the fact that it gradually becomes obvious that Henry employs harsh attitudes toward individuals who stand in his way.

Even with the fact that many viewers are probable to consider that Zinnemann presents More from only one perspective, this character is particularly impressive when…. [read more]


Enlightened Jews When One Thinks Essay

… Enlightened Jews

When one thinks about the influences that have affected modern Jewry, the most obvious ones are Zionism and the Old Testament and other liturgical texts. But, as if often the case, what is most obvious is not only simply part of the story, it is also misleading. Jews have certainly been influenced by Zionism -- and this is true regardless of their own views on the subject because Zionism remains in many ways the loudest voice in the debate over the meaning of Jewish identity. But Jews at least as much as any other religious group (and arguably more) have also been influenced by the larger intellectual movements of their times. Even as the lives of Jews have often been circumscribed by the…. [read more]


Sharing Catholic Social Teaching Challenges Essay

… Dignity and Difficulty in Catholic Social Teaching

"Sharing Catholic Social Teaching: Challenges and Directions" is an urgent plea to "pastors, educators, and catechists" (2)

It has the hallmarks of a classic call to action: after a grim diagnosis of the present state of Catholic social teaching (see p. 4), it offers an inspiring treatment in terms of a "renewed commitment to integrate Catholic social teaching into the mainstream of all Catholic educational institutions and programs." (3) but the document does not settle for inspiration; once it has our attention, it highlights the key themes of the Catholic social tradition, and then proposes concrete steps toward a "fuller integration of the Church's social tradition" (8) into all aspects of our lives together as Catholics. In this…. [read more]


People and Many Churches Term Paper

… ¶ … people and many churches that want to dictate how a Christian thinks and that try to state that only people who share a very narrowly conscripted view of Jesus can be Christians. I find that view to be very arrogant, because it presumes knowledge of God's intentions that no human can ever really have. This view of Christianity has led me to seriously consider three different issues, within the context of Christianity. The first of those issues is the idea that Jesus had to be born to a virgin mother, as most branches of Christianity emphasize. The second issue is that Christians, by virtue of being saved, do not need to try to live moral lives. The third, and perhaps most important issue,…. [read more]


Separation Church State Study Essay

… Up until the decades after Second World War in which Hitler just not only killed Jews but also homosexuals, there is no effective and influential gay right movement. This ineffectiveness was due to the fact that the homosexual community tends to represent minority and this is invisible minority because gay people do not represent themselves openly due to the fear of rejection or public humiliation (Mohr, 1994.) Similar to freedom demand from slaves formerly resulted in further discrimination by slaves owners, homosexuals have to face vicious circle (Nguyen, 1991.)

Homosexuals more often compare their community with other minorities like Jews or the African-Americans. They are also inspired by the African-American Civil Rights Movement by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The ideas, concepts and demands of…. [read more]


Maffei v. Roman Catholic Archbishop of Boston Research Paper

… Maffei v. Roman Catholic Archbishop of Boston

Case Heading:

Catherine R. Maffei, individually & as trustee, & others v. Roman Catholic Archbishop of Boston.

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Docket SCJ- 09807 (2007).

Facts:

Waldo Maffei and his siblings transferred some property to the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Boston (RCAB). Some of the siblings gifted the property, while others received money for the shares. Connected to the property transaction, Waldo's wife, Catherine, released her rights in the property. The deed transferring the property from the Maffeis to the RCAB was in fee simple absolute, made no reference to naming the church in honor of Waldo's father, and did not contain any reservations of rights or to retake the property. The RCAB built a church on the…. [read more]


Chicano Studies Influence of Education and Religion on Identity in Two Novels Research Proposal

… ¶ … Earth Did Not Part /

Bless Me, Ultima

Bless Me, Ultima / and the Earth Did Not Part

It is not possible to read Rudolfo Anaya's Bless Me, Ultima, and Tomas Rivera's and the Earth Did Not Part without coming to the realization that cultural identity - education, family, and spiritual acculturation - has greatly influenced in a very real sense in the lives of the Chicano peoples along the southern borders of the U.S. This paper will highlight the powerful narrative efforts of both authors, bringing special attention to the economic, historical, social and regional influences that play a dramatic role in these characters, their families and their communities.

Bless Me, Ultima

Anaya's novel actually grabs the alert reader and takes him…. [read more]


Southwest History Susan Shelby Magoffin Term Paper

… Santa Fe was quiet at the time, with only the sound of marching heard at the time. The new Mexicans could have welcomed the American forces for promise of protection they offered against the Texans. But only few of them quietly received the arriving American troops and the suspicion was that resistance was silenced by Governor Manuel Armijo who was said to have been paid by an American agent to turn New Mexico over peacefully. In any case, a military government under General Kearny was set up in Santa Fe and promised to honor the civil and religious rights of the New Mexicans. He kept his word but peace did not last long. Susan Shelby Magoffin recorded her observation of the leadership and behavior of…. [read more]


Vatican City in Rome Term Paper

… Vatican City is about 110 acres total, and they have their own police force, newspaper, television studio, and radio station that broadcasts in 29 languages. There is no capital punishment in the Vatican, and very little crime. While the Pope and his clergy live inside the Vatican, the entire population is not made up of clergy. There are about 3,000 lay workers who work at the Vatican every day, but live outside its walls.

The Vatican makes all of its operating funds from the sale of postage stamps, publications, admissions to museums, and donations. It also receives an annual tax from all the Catholic diocese all over the world. It also even issues its own coins, and it has an official department for postage stamps.…. [read more]


Romero Faith and Justice Term Paper

… Romero

Faith and Justice in Romero

It is inherently challenging to create a film that is at once driven by a specific religious orientation and by an interest in more universal themes of social justice. However, this is the very accomplishment at the core of the 1989 critically acclaimed film Romero. Produced by the declaredly Catholic company Paulist Pictures, the John Duigan directed film casts Raul Julia in the real-life role of El Salvadorian spiritual leader and martyr Archbishop Oscar Romero. Julia's portrayal channels the perfect balance between a man of unshakeable faith and a human being given over to the frailties of fear and apprehension.

Relationship Between Faith and Justice:

The movie is driven by the Archbishop's conscience, a product of his faith and…. [read more]


Plea to the Hearts Essay

… Baptism

The children are fully members of the church; this is because they were born within the Church through baptism. Afterward they will possess the whole rights. Therefore they turned to be members of the Church through baptism, via the sacrament of baptism. The Lord Jesus Christ created a Kingdom which was to bear over the earth. He also referred to it His Kingdom, which forms a diverse means of conveying that it was a genuine expression and certainly of Himself. It was no longer the device of man or the declaration of the council of the Church, but the same stipulation of Christ Himself. The baptism was created to be the way of entry in the Kingdom. Whoever is baptized turns to be a…. [read more]


Music and Religion Term Paper

… Sacred Music in Religion

In the words of one prominent scholar, sacred music "appeals to the inner self" and connects oneself "with a deeper source of existence. The repetitive chants and rhythms in sacred music creates a positive attraction" while also "unifying the body and soul" via the singing of sacred hymns which have been passed down through the centuries, especially within the Catholic Church ("Gregorian Sacred," Internet). Basically speaking, sacred music is part of a very large collection of music written over the last eight hundred years in Western culture by some of the greatest composers of all time, mainly for use "in the sung liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church" and related denominations, beginning with "the Gregorian melodies and continuing through the polyphonic…. [read more]

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