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Criminal Justice System Normally Essay

… The neighborhood police departments are through far from common law enforcement agencies. The underlying state sheriff's departments are normally specialized police department.

Police system within the criminal justice system is normally charged with maintenance of order accompanied by the preventive approach that pertains to policing (Cole & Smith, 2009). They also ensure enforcement of the prevailing departmental vice laws accompanied by the emphasizing on the rest of the offenders. They also ensure society policing that stresses addressing communal problems accompanied by the existing vicinity concerns. Conversely, court is mainly charged with the prosecution and defending of the prevailing populace interest (David, 2008). Moreover, it also acts as custodians of the existing constitution and ought to be mindful of the right of the prevailing accused beneath…. [read more]


Changes Within Criminal Justice Organization Essay

… Changes Within Criminal Justice Organization

Changes within a criminal justice organization:

Increased police profiling of Arab-Americans after September 11, 2001

Changes within a criminal justice organization:

Increased police profiling of Arab-Americans after September 11, 2001

Accusations of racial profiling have dogged law enforcement in America since the birth of the nation. However, after the attacks upon the World Trade Center of September 11, 2001, profiling Arab-Americans by local law enforcement has become of increased concern, according to a Vera Institute of Justice study. The study "explored the changed relationship between Arab-Americans and law enforcement in the years since the 2001 terrorist attacks" (Elliott 2006, p.1). Since the attacks, Arab-Americans have viewed the police in a more adversarial fashion and are more inclined to see the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Trends Essay

… It is also because of the technological advancement in the last decade that public is increasingly getting awareness about the important societal issues. The easy access to Internet has made it really easy for the citizens to be informed regarding the different kinds of criminal justice services provided to them. The facts and figures related to crime and arrest on the national and communal level has made it an easy thing for the people to get information regarding court trials, illegitimate offenders and governmental efforts for the safety of public. However, it is essential to mention here that without the participation of citizens, governmental efforts for public safety cannot be successful. For instance, law enforcement agencies cannot prevent crime if people do not help in…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System Today Essay

… It is true that prison overcrowding is one of the most urgent criminal justice issues not only in America, but all over the world. More often than not the responsible institutions have cited lack of jail space as the cause for this problem. This has led to the proposal of building more prison facilities to accommodate the soaring numbers. However, I hold a different opinion, I believe that the major cause is the lack of alternatives to incarceration which leads all offenders to prison and this is worsened by introduction of certain policies. For instance there is the mandatory minimum sentence for drug crimes in America; this has highly increased the rate of incarceration (Green, 2011). It implies that when alternatives to incarceration are adopted…. [read more]


Criminal Law System the Recurring Essay

… A proposed solution would be to go ahead and hire the people necessary to make this system function at its full potential. It may sound like too simple of an idea, but if one thinks about the future and not necessarily completely about the now, then one can see how this plan will work. By hiring more people, such as defense attorneys, judges, administrative staff, etc., so much more can be done at a faster and more efficient pace. The time that will be saved, and the less time that people who are awaiting trial will wait, will counteract the costs that hiring more people will impose. By investing some funding, which could be attained by taking the funding that would have been available to…. [read more]


Ethics in Criminal Justice Maintaining a High Term Paper

… Ethics in Criminal Justice

Maintaining a high degree of ethical behavior within the criminal justice system is essential in promoting trust within the community. Police misconduct such as raping detainees does irreparable harm to that trust. In order to eliminate instances of police misconduct, it is imperative to institute strict procedures to address the issue. Only by addressing the issue will the protection of civilians be assured and trust be maintained.

There is perhaps nothing more damaging to the standing of the police within a community than when an atmosphere of mistrust arises due to police misconduct. When this mistrust arises as a result of an officer committing a crime against a citizen while on duty, it is even worse, particularly when that crime is…. [read more]


Justice and Security Free Balance Essay

… Changes in technology and mass communication with the effects these have on the justice and security areas

Issues involving individual's rights and the needs of the justice system when maintaining order and public safety have been a controversial topic for many years. The Constitution has many who think it should be written to today's requirements in the world. The First Amendment is one of the hardest hit when it comes to public safety and individual's rights. When a person is out protesting, they could cause a riot due to the words they say. The two topics that this happens with are religion and abortion. Many street preachers who will say the God's words to any who will listen and many do not want to listen…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Leadership Strategies Essay

… In short, it is observed that that the role of maintaining strong community relations in criminal justice is lead through leadership and training of subordinates to provide effective service. Any single point of contact between community including traffic, rescue services, and community policing provides an opportunity for improvement in the system (Hess et al., 2014).

Conclusion:

The role of criminal justice organizations in relation to leadership, strategy, and formulation of the normal practices adopted during functioning is elaborated in the sections above. The specific examples for organizational behavior, behavioral theories, planning, and community relations is also discussed in the above sections. It is observed that the leadership of criminal justice organizations also requires formulation of a strategy for achievement of their objectives. The working can…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Field Research Paper

… Criminal Justice Field

Define what an experiment is and how it is useful in the field of criminal justice research.

Since the beginning of the discipline, quantitative methods have supplied the primary research methods for studying the division and causes of crime. Quantitative methods provide many ways to attain data that is useful to many facets of society. The use of quantitative methods such as survey research, field research, and evaluation research can help criminologists to assemble dependable and valid data. The data can be used by criminologists and other social scientists in order to make causal statements about variables that are being researched (Weisburd, 2000).

Some scholars think that experimental research is the best kind of research to use to evaluate cause and effect.…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Process Essay

… Criminal Justice Process

Considerable attention has been devoted to law, both substantive and procedural on the justice process. The criminal justice system is a legal system. How does the law influence the day-to-day activities of the justice process? Be sure to cover criminal justice decisions in all major sub-components of the process.

The law influences the day-to-day activities of the justice process in a number of ways, because the law determines the parameters of permissible activity at every point in the criminal justice system. First, it is important to realize that the law influences what is considered criminal activity. This may seem like an obvious point, but it can have a tremendous impact on the day-to-day activities of the criminal justice system. For example, the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice: Challenges and Developments Term Paper

… Furthermore family and friends not connected professionally with the department should also be enlisted in monitoring police officers for any signs of excessive stress or possible substance abuse.

Whether the problem belongs to criminals or officers of the law, it is important for the criminal justice system to employ policies of zero tolerance with alcohol and drug abuse problems. As seen above, studies have shown that tax dollars are saved when rehabilitative programs are implemented and used sufficiently. When the cyclic pattern of substance abuse is therefore halted or at least reduced, the final effect is that the crime rate is reduced.

The Role of Information Technology

Information technology has affected nearly all areas of life, and all professions. Using this technology can significantly reduce…. [read more]


Justice, Crime and Ethics Prepping Research Paper

… Many prisons in the United States have adopted this Panopticon model and have begun functioning under the fact that all humans, even prisoners, have the right to be treated with human dignity. Using the model set forth by Bentham, criminal justice and psychological experts have seen that the condition of a prison certainly adds to a prisoner's pain and suffering during confinement. Bentham suggested that even those who had been undoubtedly scarred by a criminal and injured in any capacity would have suffering that -- no matter how great -- would never measure the pain and suffering of a prisoner who would spend the rest of his life or an extended time in the confines of a cell. Bentham's views and visions of utilitarianism in…. [read more]


Justice Process for Illegal Immigrants Who Commit Crimes Term Paper

… Justice Process for Illegal Immigrants Who Commit Crimes

The most aggressive criminals presently are illegal aliens. However, in cities where such aliens perpetrate highest crimes, the police are not capable of applying the most common tool-their immigration status-to detain them. The ban of LAPD on immigration enforcement entails bans on immigrant-saturated cities all over the nation from New York and Chicago to San Diego, Austin and Houston. Such 'sanctuary policies' normally deter city personnel along with the cops from reporting immigration violations to the federal authorities. Irrespective of their harmfulness the sanctuary rules are symbol of a much extensive epidemic: lack of the control of the nation over immigration policy. Prior to about half a century the immigration policy was determining the number of immigrants…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Management Reading Articles the Boys Essay

… CRIMINAL JUSTICE Management Reading articles

The Boys in Blue

After reading Erica Goode's article in the New York Times, "Police Chiefs Focus on Disparities in Gun Violence, With an Eye Towards Solutions," there appears to be a couple of different ways in which police management can successfully influence changes in gun laws that are necessary to reduce crime that is committed through the usage of fire arms. One of the most effective ways would be to exert as much pressure as possible on the politicians, and their supporting lobbyists, that are widely responsible for the passing of legislature that could assist to change current laws. Although police are municipal, state and federally funded, these fraternal organizations have lobbyists as well that could do a better…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Program Essay

… That said, the criminal justice program still sees the old building on Amsterdam Avenue as a beacon or headquarters: this is the building with the antiquated architecture and small classrooms which acts as a living symbol of the integrity and history and values of the institution.

The communal spaces that the new building provides cannot be underestimated. "The Office of Student Life creates an environment where students can explore their interests, leadership, civic engagement, cultural diversity and spirituality. It offers a wealth of opportunities to become engaged on campus" (jjay.cuny.edu). Alliances between students help to build strong student organizations which can help students to launch their careers, work well together and to make new discoveries in the field, essentially helping them to help each other…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Essay

… The court system, defenders, prosecutors and correctional units also make valuable use of information technology. The introduction of digital technology, for example, provides evidence presentation systems that include laptop computers, DVD players, VCRs, printers and cameras for instant exhibit displays. While answering questions on specific topics, an expert can use visual technology to provide more information and a better understanding. Another area of interest for the correctional institutions is called technocorrections, which includes electronic tracking, pharmaceutical care and genetic and neurobiological risk analyses. In addition, electronic monitoring is used for locating people on probation and parole, as well for the application of wrist bracelets that keep track of an offender's location. However, according to Pattavina (2005), above all these technological advances "Arguably the most valuable…. [read more]


How Does the Australian Criminal Justice System Respond to White Collar and Corporate Crime? Essay

… ¶ … Australian Criminal Justice System respond to white collar and corporate crime?

Crimes are breach of the law. Criminal law as in the common law differentiates between crimes that mala per se' that is crimes that are repugnant to humankind for example, murder, robbery and so on which forms the basis of the penal code. There are crimes that are caused by activities that the state prohibits or by social customs called 'mala prohibitia'. While the activity may not be repugnant to human kind, it becomes a crime on account of statute. Some examples include the bar on persons below a stipulated age to drive motor vehicles. Although a teenager at the wheel of a car is dangerous, it is not a crime that…. [read more]


Values Driven Organizations Term Paper

… Values in Justice System Organizations

To create a balanced and violence free society it is essential to give importance to values in organizations that deal in justice. A good justice system ensures security and peace in society. A good justice system can help in preventing crimes and violations and without proper values they cannot perform their core functions. A number of organizations play their part to prevent injustice in the society. These departments or organization may include:

Police

Court

Correctional Facilities

Non-government Organizations

Core Values

Some of the important core values that can be part of the justice system are:

Aim of Justice and Peace: This core value lends a hand in the maintenance of a just, peaceful and safe society. Justice and peace are…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Policy Practice Essay

… The dichotomy with which this situation may be viewed, of course, is an intrinsic component of utilitarian thought and which may be evinced by one of its champions, Jeremy Bentham. One may posit just as convincingly that those condemned to lengthy prison sentences via the crack law would simply return to being detriments to society if released, by engaging in illicit behavior (the selling of street narcotics) and leading subversive, counterproductive lifestyles. All people have this duality of choice, which Bentham referred to as pleasure and its antithesis, pain, which he believed "govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think" (Bentham 1).

However, while such a debate may be largely settled by the particular opinion of the voice that…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses Essay

… Despite the existence of these assorted challenges, most judicial institutions have managed to forge cordial relations and cooperation towards realization of justice to all criminals in a state or country (Gaines & Miller 2013).

My decision to choose the manager for the interview came about owing to his vast knowledge in matters of enforcement of criminal justice. Administration of justice to criminals must follow due process of the law (Neubauer 2011). Hence, the manager notwithstanding his experience and expertise in this unit is more candid to provide information without apprehension. Under the administration of criminal justice, only personnel with vast knowledge and experience in matters of law and criminal justice have direct consent or permission to comment and even proceed to give sensitive information (Neubauer…. [read more]


Organizational and Administrative Strategies Discussion Chapter

… Non-lethal weapons like clubs purpose entails maintain order and stop fights in the correctional centers. The less than lethal weapons incapacitate temporary, confuse or cause delay when a situation arises. Developments in the use of less than lethal weapons have been on the increase with many institutions using this form of weapons. The use has expanded to airplanes where the use of lethal force can affect innocent passengers. The area has also benefited from an increase in investment by the government to ensure criminals apprehension. The program has also benefited from additional research into safer non-lethal weapons. The side effects of the use of non-lethal weapons have been reduced though the use of research that has reduced lawsuits (Davies, Croall & Tyrer, 2005).

WEB FIELD…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Process Term Paper

… Criminal Justice Process

A felony is a group of crimes that are commonly known as the most serious types of offenses. The major element of a felony is that being found guilty of a felony will consequence in incarceration for at least a one year period of time. In addition, the detention will be served in a prison facility rather than a county or local jail. Criminal fines may also be imposed for felony charges that range in amounts that are in the thousands. Felonies normally included serious offenses liken those of homicide, rape, arson, burglary, robbery, larceny, escaping from a prison, and assisting in a felony. A person who is found guilty in any court for committing a felony crime will then be known…. [read more]


Organizational Issues and Criminology Essay

… It does, however, take advantage of economies of scale and teams to work issues on a national basis that is constantly "learning" (McNamara, 2008).

REFERENCES

National Strategy for Homeland Security. (2002, November). Retrieved from ncs.gov: http://www.ncs.gov/library/policy_docs/nat_strat_hls.pdf

Aman, T. (2008). Decentralization: Pros and Cons. Fdle.state.fl.us. Retrieved from: http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/Content/getdoc/9da64f08-58b2-4d8c-96ac-e3b2a9ef8265/Aman-Tommy-paper-pdf.aspx

Autry, R.H., (1996). What is Organization Design? Innovus.com. Retrieved from: http://www.inovus.com/organiza.htm

Clark, D. (2008). Leadership and Organizational Behavior. Nwlink.com. Retrieved from: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadob.html

Corlett, J.A. (2009). Responsibility and Punishment. Dordrect, Netherlands: Springer.

Longley, R. (2004) Miranda: Rights of Silence, Cited in: http://usgovinfo about.com

Marsh, I., ed. (2006). Theories of Crime. New York: Routledge.

McNamara, C., (2008). Emerging Nature and New Organizational Structures. Managementhelp.org. Retrieved from: http://www.managementhelp.org/org_thry/new_forms.htm

Packer, H. (1964). Two Models of the Criminal Process. Law.gmu.edu. Retrieved from: http://www.law.gmu.edu/assets/files/academics/schedule/2012/fall/TREYGER_CriminalProc-IA.pdf…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Theory and Policy Discussion Chapter

… Criminal Justice Theory and Policy

The Prison Industrial Complex

The national correction-commercial complex is an institution governed by a number of participants who have the power to make certain decisions. The participants are not ordinary individual rather, they are other firms established by the government to work under and part of the criminal justice department. The participants include the federal agencies that work hand in hand with the for-profit corporations besides other professional organizations. These participants carry out their duties within an enclosed network and ensure that the kind of information they hold about the correction-commercial complex remains secured (Kraska & Brent, 2011). The key participants have certain principles that they need to follow in order to ensure that there is no bridging of information…. [read more]


Justice Term Paper

… 1). In recent years England and Wales have actually improved the plight of sexual violence victims through a number of reforms, includes "the introduction of special measures to assist victims to give evidence in court, improved practices and protocols for working with survivors and an expansion of services to support victims" (Gunby, Carline, Bellis, & Beynon 2012, p. 2). In particular, the 2003 Sexual Offences Act was meant to serve as a kind of substantive update to England and Wales' laws regarding the investigation and prosecution of sexual offenses, and it came in the face of evidence that the justice system was severely lacking both in terms of its own internal investigations into sexual crime and the conviction rate for offenders (Goldson 2006, p. 64).…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Research Proposal

… Criminal Justice Administration

Administration of Justice in Cases of Mentally Ill Offenders

Final Project Research Proposal

Administration of Justice in Cases of Mentally Ill Offenders

The objective of this study is to establish the administration of justice to mentality destabilized victims. The null hypothesis in the criminal justice administration states that mental destabilized people are innocent of accusations of any criminal activity. Their violent actions and irresponsible behaviors are triggered by certain circumstance that provokes their mental illnesses. In order to attain the goal in this study, the research has incorporated a quantitative study. The study involves the use of statistical data on various cases done in the past on mentally disturbed convicts. The quantitative study is meant to reveal patterns of judicial proceedings, which…. [read more]


Criminal Justice and Sentencing Issues Essay

… Criminal Justice - Corrections

CRIMINAL JUSTICE: CRIMINAL SENTENCING ISSUES

Criminal Sentencing:

Generally, the purpose of sentencing is to assign a type and length of punishment corresponding to particular types of penal violations. Much more specifically, sentencing incorporates five objectives: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration (Schmalleger, 2001). Retribution reflects the natural instincts of human beings and was featured predominantly throughout human history. In more modern times, criminology theory has deemphasized retribution in formal legislation and policy in favor of functional incapacitation, mainly through incarceration and deterrence.

Similarly, increased attention and effort in the areas of rehabilitation have been employed as a means of crime prevention, instead of focusing on punishing crime, after the fact. Restoration is a concept of compensating victims of crimes, which can…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Explain Community Corrections Term Paper

… Criminal Justice

Explain community corrections and what purpose it fulfills in the overall field of criminal justice. Identify and describe programs and services that are usually found in community corrections. Discuss what you feel are strengths and weaknesses of community corrections programs.

Community corrections programs are rehabilitative programs that attempt to slowly reintegrate offenders designated for release into the community, though a series of graduated steps, such as halfway houses or allowing inmates to find employment within the community. The Federal Bureau of Prisons makes community corrections an integral component of the Bureau's correctional programs and often acts as a liaison for state and local groups with similar programs. "The Bureau contracts with residential re-entry centers (RRCs), also known as halfway houses, to provide assistance…. [read more]


Criminal Justice/Forensics Undercover Thesis

… Criminal Justice/Forensics

Undercover" is a term that has made its way into the public vernacular, thanks in large part to movies and television programs. Undercover, at its fundamental level, means pretending to be someone else- the construction and portrayal of a false identity for an ulterior purpose. In the case of undercover police investigations, this ulterior purpose is to enforce the law. This is done by using a false identity to infiltrate a criminal group in order to gather evidence and build a case. This can be a long-term project- some cases have had an undercover operative on assignments that lasted for years. The purpose of this research paper is to show that undercover police officers are more likely to commit criminal acts than police…. [read more]

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