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Childhood Is a Fascinating Time Essay

… What they excel at begins to take shape as how they define themselves. This results in a more complicated and unique self understanding and conception. Children of this age range spend their efforts "organizing their observations of behaviors and internal states into general dispositions"( Karpowitz 2012 p 1). Descriptions of themselves are in terms of psychological states rather than isolated behaviors that do not reflect what they are feeling underneath those behaviors. This essentially lays a foundational structure for more stable cognitive development. A lot of this stage is spent comparing their own identity to that of the social world around them. They begin to judge their outside appearance, actions, and abilities based on what they see their peers doing around them (Karpowitz 2012). They…. [read more]

Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Developmental Theories Term Paper

… Anna can also be assisted by joining group therapy sessions with people suffering from the same ailment. This will aid her open up and share her issues with people suffering from the same. She will also learn how these people deal with their issues and embrace those practices. Increasing her self-esteem will also go a long way in making her a responsible parent and adult. Anna needs to know how to value, love and accept herself thus making her feel good about herself (Shaffer, 2009).

Anna also needs to undergo parental training. Parents play a crucial part in the overall development of their children. Once Anna has learnt how to accept and love herself, she must train herself how to raise her child appropriately. Spiritual…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… As is widely known, in the state of California the largest ethnic minority is Hispanic, and mostly Mexican-American. It is for this reason that the particular population of Hispanic-American youth in the San Francisco School District will be the focus of this work. "Hispanics now account for one in three of the state's population, due largely to an increase in Hispanic births that is exceeding the Hispanic death rate.' (Primedia, 2004, "Shifting Sands" website (

The population of the greater San Francisco Unified School District, though it includes many other racial minorities, has an overall representation of 21.4% latino students with an even higher concentration found in grades one through six. (SFUSD web site: ( This demographic demonstrates both an obstacle and an opportunity for…. [read more]

Development of Adolescents Essay

… ¶ … Adolesents

Development of Adolescents

It is important for teachers and adults to be familiar with adolescent cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development in order to create an environment conducive to their learning and well-being. This is a time during which a child is moving through a series of significant changes from childhood to adulthood. This period offers many challenges for both parents and teachers. Understanding the different aspects of adolescents can help adults facilitate the process and provide the needed support.

Cognitive Development

According to Tim Wendel (2003) until recently the teenage brain was thought to be finished developing given that its structure does not change much after childhood. The prevailing belief was that it only required fine tuning. However, as scientists began…. [read more]

Growth of a Child Essay

… In conjunction with their intellectual growth, the teenager's sarcasm capabilities soar (Zembar & Blume, 2009). When the teenager is speaking in front of or writing to others, they are more able to adapt their style of communication to their specific audience. In demonstration of their new knowledge of words, teenagers may grow to use foul language or provide better arguments to their parents (Bauer, 2010). Disagreeing with others is healthy and natural, and parents should encourage their teenager to speak their mind. However, the teenager needs to learn how to disagree with respect for others, and the parents will need to teach them through example in their arguments and conversations.

5.0 Emotional Development

An infant has limited capabilities. In order to communicate, its natural reflex…. [read more]

Life Term Paper

… Life Span Development

Life-Span Development: From Birth to Death

One's personal, physical and emotional development is cumulative. The nature of experiences and development during each state of the life-span will have an impact on how subsequent stages are experienced for better or for worse. The following is a concise overview of the changes and normative patterns relating to the life-span. Thus, the discussion will provide a brief examination of each phase, including the prenatal, infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood stages. This will contribute to a general understanding of the way that experiences, exposures and environments will impact one throughout one's life.


The process of human development is assessed according to multiple phases, each of which carries…. [read more]

Psychology Development Early Childhood Medelein Essay

… There was also child abuse rating from the interviews as well as those reported by the participants.

It was observed that the mother withdrawal from the child was seen as a major contributor to the possible formation of the BPD and the suicidal tendencies. There was also observation of the disorganized controlling of the behavior of the child at the age of 8 as an independent contributor to BPD. Childhood abuse was also observed to be a central factor to suicidal tendencies in the mid childhood .

Nancy M. George, (2013). Assessing Sleep in Adolescents Through a Better Understanding of Sleep Physiology. Vol. 113, No. 6

The research is preoccupied with the concept of progression in age and the change in sleep pattern. As the…. [read more]

How Genetics Affect Child Development Term Paper

… Genetics and Child Development

Child Genetics

Genetic research shows that genetic content of a child account for their characteristics and behavior. The environment also plays a vital role in child development. It is increasingly evident that no single fact can explain the intricacies of change and growth from childhood to old age. Environmental and biological factors are almost similar and related, and it is sometimes difficult to separate behaviors environmentally influenced and biologically influenced. Different genetic contents elicit different reactions from their parents, and different environments result to differences among individuals. Different researches have been carried out to determine the extent to which genes affect behavior in children; conclusions made show behavior in children has some genetic input.

Effect of genes on development

Biological factors…. [read more]

How Genetics Affect Child Development Research Paper

… ¶ … Genetics affects child development

Genetic research shows that genetic content of a child account for their characteristics and behavior. The environment also plays a vital role in child development. It is increasingly evident that no single fact can explain the intricacies of change and growth from childhood to old age. Environmental and biological factors are almost similar and related, and it is sometimes difficult to separate behaviors environmentally influenced and biologically influenced. Different genetic contents elicit different reactions from their parents, and different environments result to differences among individuals. Different researches carried out to determine the extent to which genes affect behavior in children; conclusions made show behavior in children has some genetic input.

Effect of genes on development

Biological factors are chromosomes,…. [read more]

Adolescent Sex Offenders: Early Development Article Review

… " (Rowe, 1991)

The work of Groth and Loredo (1981) hold that the clinical assessment process must necessarily differentiated among three types of sexual behavior stated as follows:

(1) normative sexual activity that is situationally determined;

(2) inappropriate solitary sexual activity that is non-aggressive in nature; and (3) sexually assaultive or coercive behavior that poses some risk of harm to another person. (Growth and Loredo, 1981)

In regards to treatment, Rowe (1991) states "Treatment can be provided in either a residential (institutional) or out-patient (community) setting. While there may be many common denominators of treatment in each of these settings, there are also major differences. Treatment in a residential or institutional setting is often more intensive. Treatment sessions occur frequently or over a longer period…. [read more]

Growth Hormone and Memory Endocrinology the Effect Research Paper

… Growth Hormone and Memory


The Effect of Human Growth Hormone on Memory

The Effects of Growth Hormone on Memory

There is increasing evidence of a connection between levels of growth hormone in the body and cognitive functioning (Maruff & Faletti, 2005). Research studies on the topic have explored the role of growth hormone therapies on cognitive functioning. It has been indicated that growth hormone treatments are associated with cognitive improvements as well as a normalization of brain functioning and a return to appropriate growth hormone levels in the body (Maruff & Faletti, 2005). Growth hormone deficiencies can be congenital or acquired and most times will require treatment in order to normalize. In fact, 50% of children who have been diagnosed with idiopathic growth hormone…. [read more]

Young Adults Term Paper

… They will begin to understand sexual preferences and sexual orientation and seek out people who can fulfill their emotional and physical needs. This will also be when sexual awareness develops as will empathy and a focus on the dual nature of relationships rather than the selfish pairings of capricious youth. Focus changes from the desire to fulfill one's own needs to the desire to satisfy the needs and desires of others.


Young adulthood is a very important time in a person's life. This is the time when a person moves away from childhood and starts to become the person who they will be for the rest of their lives. Regular schooling is over and people decide if they want to begin working or to…. [read more]

Child Development the Middle Childhood Term Paper

… Child Development

The middle childhood is generally considered to be six to twelve years of age. I observed an eight-year-old boy playing at a playground. The boy's name is Chris.

He is smiling a lot so it can be seen that he has lost his baby teeth. Chris is rather tall for his age and he seems to be full of strength He is running, playing on a slide, ascending stairs, playing with a ball. His play is performed in the presence of his father. Chris is a very social individual who is making friends and exploring the world. He is interested in being out in the world with other people, going places, doing things.At eight, children evaluate themselves against the standards of others -parents,…. [read more]

Positive Influence of Peer and Parent Interaction on Social Cognition Development During Infancy to Adolescence Term Paper

… Positive Influence of Peer and Parent Interaction on Social-Cognition Development during Infancy to Adolescence


Early Childhood

Middle Childhood


The nature and characteristics evidently expresses the man as a social animal, which signifies that interaction with others is one of the primary elements during the entire cycle of the life. In other words, the process of interaction with parents, peers and others in the society initiating from infancy to adulthood is the most substantial aspect that usually leads to the development of the individual in either positive or negative manner (Galotti, 2010).

Social cognition particularly lays key emphasis on how people store, process and employ information concerning to other people and social situations, which leads to how one can think, feel, and interact with…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity and Its Affects Term Paper

… Among all teens, low levels of self-esteem were linked with feelings of loneliness, sadness, and nervousness. This often led the obese children to use tobacco and alcohol. Psychiatrists also said that parents who insist on strict diets might be contributing towards a poor self-image as the child may be feeling that he or she is incapable of running his or her life. (Obesity plus Low Self-Esteem May Lead to Risky Behavior in Teens)

There are also differences that are found in different studies of such children, but what we have to note are the common factors. There was a study of 1,000 mostly white children of the ages from nine to 16 living in a rural North Carolina region. This region has childhood obesity at…. [read more]

Erikson's Stage 4: Middle Childhood the Theorist Thesis

… Erikson's Stage 4: Middle Childhood

The theorist Erik Erikson suggested that all of human existence can be broken down into a series of conflicts. The latency period, or middle childhood, is characterized by a conflict between "Industry vs. Inferiority" (Cramer, Flynn, & LaFave 1997). During this age, a child tries to show his or her competence by refining skills and demonstrating mastery. Gaining the spotlight of family attention, being the best (or not the worst) at games at recess and after school, and succeeding at school are all helpful in giving the child a sense of competence and enabling him or her to overcome a feeling of low-self-worth.

The interviewee was small for his age, and during this period of childhood his older brothers were…. [read more]

Child Poverty and Its Effects Essay

… In contrast to teenagers whose parents or guardians finished some education and learning over and above school, these whose parents or guardians didn't finish school are 10.2% points much more likely to experience teenage premarital delivery, whilst those whose parents or guardians finished school however failed to have supplemental education and learning are 5.5% points much more likely to experience a teenage premarital delivery (Ratcliffe and McKernan 2012).


Focusing on susceptible children at birth is actually important, as children's surroundings within the initial years of their life continues to be identified to impact brain growth, as well as poverty at the start of life has been associated with reduced academic accomplishment. For this present age group, nearly all who have been given birth to…. [read more]

Opposite-Sex Friendships in the Earlier Years Essay

… ¶ … Opposite-Sex Friendships

In the earlier years, middle childhood period which begins between the ages 5-6 and ends at ages 10-12was regarded as a period in which children increasingly gain the ability to play a future role in improving and maintaining the economic status of the community and the family. This is marked by the different responsibilities that are entrusted to each of the sexes in different communities as that particular community deems fit. In some of the communities, the girls and boys are trained into varying roles with girls being assigned feminine roles and the boys the more muscular roles (Angier & Natalie, 2012)

It is at this age that the brain of the child is said to be at its peak in…. [read more]

Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland as a Story of Victorian Childhood Term Paper

… Victorian Childhood and Alice in Wonderland

The World of Victorian England

Childhood in the Victorian England of Lewis Carroll

Alice in Wonderland as Victorian Literature

Analysis of Alice in Wonderland

Works Cited and Consulted

The children's novel, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, written in 1865 by Charles Dodgson, under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, may well be the most popular, and imitated book in the history of the English language. It has inspired numerous screen adaptations, stage plays, and served as the basis for a number of fictional stories loosely based on Alice's adventures. Whether because of the 1951 Disney version, the 2010 Tim Burton film, or the sheer power of the novel itself, the characters have become archetypal in the modern world. Who has not heard…. [read more]

Human Growth and Development Essay

… Human Development Overview

One of the most intriguing and yet elusive areas of inquiry in the science of psychology is the cognitive and/or psychological development of the human being. There are many different theorists that have come to prominence in this field, and at least as many theories regarding how individuals develop, but there are enough similarities and commonalities between the most lasting theories that enable certain generalizations to be made about human development. In very broad strokes, for instance, there are three basic aspects or domains into which the various categories and stages of development can be divided: physical, cognitive, and psychosocial (Papalia et al. 2004). The three domains are, of course, highly interrelated, but basically the physical refers to the actual growth and…. [read more]

Parents Involvement in Early Childhood Education Research Proposal

… Parents Involvement in Early Childhood Education

Action Research Outline

Description of Community

Description of Work Settings

Problem Description

Problem Documentation

Causative Analysis

Outcomes and Evaluation

Expected Outcomes

Description of Selected Solutions

Improving the success rate of students with uninvolved parents in their education is important. This research is designed to improve the success rate of parents' involvement in their children's early childhood education. The researcher found that 50 of the 100 students in the preschool whose parents do not communicate school and do not support children's education at home. These children are identified as slow learners and not getting ready for the next step of their education. Analysis of the data and a review of student portfolios and progress reports indicate 50 of the 100…. [read more]

Human Development Capstone Project

… " In this manner, then, the social systems concept of feedback loop, is established. The individual recognizes his/her feelings of conflict as legitimate, internal feelings, and, simultaneously, receives messages from external sources, such as the larger social unit, as to what that social unit suggests the individual is.

Identity vs. Role Confusion

Anderson, Carter, and Lowe (2006) write that, during the industry vs. inferiority stage, the child learns the technology of the surrounding culture; the institutionalized ways to achieve an understanding of such technology is supported and supplied by the culture so that the culture can propagate. Interestingly, in our American society, the school is an institution charged with conveying such cultural technology to the child. So are churches, and peer groups. The school, though,…. [read more]

Family Violence and the Effects in the Childhood Stage Research Paper

… Society's Interactive Effect On Childhood

"No man is an island" begins a phrase from a poem from John Donne which encompasses the ecological theory proposed by Urie Bronfenbrenner (Crandell, Crandell, & Zanden, 2009). Another quote suggesting the same principle is "It takes a village to raise a child" (African proverb). The basic premise in these quotes is that there are many influences in a child's life that affect its development. Bronfenbrenner's theory dealt with concentric circles of influence such as microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem (Paquette & Ryan, 2001).

For a young child of preschool age of about three years old, the microsystem active in his life would be the family, church, and childcare environment (Paquette & Ryan, 2001). The child's influence includes himself with…. [read more]

Younger Brother's Development Term Paper

… Hereditary and environmental factors need to be taken into account as well. All children are born with traits that their parents have passed down to them. Everyone is born with hereditary potential, which is then shaped and molded by surroundings or the culture. A realistic definition of culture would be a social group.

In many cases, for example, a child who comes from an artistic or musical family will have this ability as well. Or, someone who has parents who were both overweight as they were growing up (due to genetics not diet) may also have a similar tendency.

A child's development will be determined by physical factors such as the type and amount of foods he/she eats, the amount of sleep received on average…. [read more]

Personal Values Development Current Value Positions Religion Essay

… Personal Values Development

Current Value Positions


I believe that there is a kernel of social value at the center of most contemporary religions in my social culture. On the other hand, it seems that it would be much healthier to promote the kernels of social benefit and do away with the rest of religious values because the harm they do cannot be outweighed by any suggested benefits. It has also become obvious to me that people tend to believe whatever religion their families introduce them to early in life and that everybody uses the same mechanism (blind faith) to justify totally different belief systems.

Same-Sex Marriage

I believe that homosexuality is generally not a "preference" at all but a feature of genetics and environmental…. [read more]

Causes of American Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… ¶ … Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Terms Defined

Preliminary Causes of Obesity: Energy Imbalances

BMI and Other Body Weight Assessments

Behavior and Environment as Causes for Obesity

Psychosocial and Physical Effects of Obesity


Family Dynamics and Parenting

Nutrition and Dietary Intake

Participants Selected


This research study provides a qualitative examination of the physiological and psychological effects of obesity among American children. A comprehensive review of the literature available with regard to obesity research is combined with insight acquired through surveys with K-12 physical education instructors and personal observations. The study results sow that obesity and overweight conditions among adolescents are the results of multiple elements.

The results show that genetic influences may increase an individual's susceptibility to overweight or obese conditions, however do not…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity: Problem and Solutions Health Professionals Essay

… Childhood Obesity: Problem and Solutions

Health professionals have, for a long time, known the consequences of being overweight and obesity in adults. Over the course of the past three decades, there has been increased concern and attention regarding the issue of childhood obesity. There are varying opinions about what factors contribute to increased childhood obesity. Main contributors range from genetic predisposition to sedentary lifestyles. A number of disciplines have developed approaches to address these concerns. However, these approaches seem to only address one facet of a problem that is multifaceted. Applied separately, these approaches still leave us with the problem of a steady rise in childhood obesity. As such, perhaps a holistic approach to address childhood obesity would be more effective.

The marked increase in…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity No Child's Play Term Paper

… Childhood Obesity


Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity Re-defined and Explained - the World Health Organization defines obesity as the condition when the body mass index of 25 kg/m^sup 2^ to 30 kg/m^sup 2^ (Risser and Murphy 2000). Gathered data suggested that 22% of children aged 12 to 17 were more than 120% heavier than their ideal body weight and, therefore, obese. This was not the same as being chubby, cute or a healthy eater. New growth charts were being revised according to these new standards. Children from age 2 should be tested for cardiovascular disease. The test should include a body mass index, blood pressure, an evaluation of physical and sedentary activities and typical daily diet (Risser and Murphy).

Childhood Obesity Incidence Alarming…. [read more]

Emotional Development of Young Children Research Paper

… Emotional Development of Children in Middle Childhood

The emotional development and well-being of children in middle childhood depends on a number of factors that are related to biological as well as social aspects of the child's life. Freud contended that children in the middle childhood stage were in a latency phase of growth, in which sexuality was still a part of the unconscious and psychological development focused on the intellect, curiosity about oneself, others, and the world, and the improvement of social/cultural awareness. Erikson describes this stage as being characterized by a dichotomy of feelings, namely those expressed by industry vs. inferiority: the child in this stage is learning to master both thinking and acting skills, which gives them a sense of their own competency…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Relating to Texas Senate Bill 73 Term Paper

… Childhood Obesity: Texas Senate Bill

The state of Texas has passed a Bill to be enacted into Law, specifically Texas Senate Bill 73 that has as its' focus the reduction and prevention of childhood obesity in the state. Childhood obesity in the state of Texas is higher than the national average and the state has responded with the introduction of an initiative that is inclusive of schools, communities, parents, businesses, and insurance coverage providers. The program has been named CATCH or a "Coordinated Approach to Child Health" headed by the Texas Department of Health, the American Heart Association's Texas Chapter and the Center of Health Promotion and Prevention Research at the University Texas Health Science Center at Houston. The Department of State Health Services has…. [read more]

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