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Childhood Hunger and Structional Functionalism Essay

… The Structural-Functionalism Theory and Childhood Hunger

According to the structural-functionalism theory, society is consisted of institutions that are organized in order to meet the needs of the society. This theory puts emphasis on the notion that all sections of the society are harmonized with characteristics of solidity, compromise, mutual aid and steadiness. The social system of a society that has various parts is there to complement each other by cooperating and assisting each other. The proponents of the structural-functionalism theory explain stratification by proposing that "the roles filled by the upper classes -- governance, economic innovation, investment and management -- are essential for a cohesive and smoothly running society; hence, the upper class is rewarded in proportion to their value to the social order" (Andersen…. [read more]

Childhood Any Less Safe Term Paper

… People who engage in sexual playfulness, cybersex, sodomy and sexual fetishes also present other queer features of sexuality in the society. Sexuality initially was a sacred factor of society. However, these practices and developments in the society make the current society a den of queer sexual practices.

Question four

what does the five dimensions of sexual markets, commercialization and consumption highlighted by Macionis and Plummer (2008, p. 395) have in common?

Sexuality and sex today are open commercial practices in the society. In the past, commercialization of sex was an act of immorality. However, as technologies evolved, the aspect of sexual commercialization changed the perspective of sexual markets. The five categories of sexual markets include the following. These are the trade of bodies, which entails…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… As is widely known, in the state of California the largest ethnic minority is Hispanic, and mostly Mexican-American. It is for this reason that the particular population of Hispanic-American youth in the San Francisco School District will be the focus of this work. "Hispanics now account for one in three of the state's population, due largely to an increase in Hispanic births that is exceeding the Hispanic death rate.' (Primedia, 2004, "Shifting Sands" website (

The population of the greater San Francisco Unified School District, though it includes many other racial minorities, has an overall representation of 21.4% latino students with an even higher concentration found in grades one through six. (SFUSD web site: ( This demographic demonstrates both an obstacle and an opportunity for…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity One of the Greatest Health Term Paper

… Childhood Obesity

One of the greatest health risks affecting American youth today is childhood obesity. An individual who is considered obese has a disproportionately large amount of fat stored in the body, beyond the point of simply being overweight. While the definition of exactly how much fat constitutes obesity is still in flux, obesity is having excess weight enough that serious health risks are incurred by the individual. Many health professionals consider the vast amount of overweight people in our country to be of such epic proportions that it is actually known as an epidemic of fat. This condition is especially dangerous to children, and the number of obese children is growing at an alarming rate. Far from just being an issue of aesthetics or…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity No Child's Play Term Paper

… Childhood Obesity


Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity Re-defined and Explained - the World Health Organization defines obesity as the condition when the body mass index of 25 kg/m^sup 2^ to 30 kg/m^sup 2^ (Risser and Murphy 2000). Gathered data suggested that 22% of children aged 12 to 17 were more than 120% heavier than their ideal body weight and, therefore, obese. This was not the same as being chubby, cute or a healthy eater. New growth charts were being revised according to these new standards. Children from age 2 should be tested for cardiovascular disease. The test should include a body mass index, blood pressure, an evaluation of physical and sedentary activities and typical daily diet (Risser and Murphy).

Childhood Obesity Incidence Alarming…. [read more]

Health Advocacy Campaign - Childhood Research Paper

… It seems that people in the community grew weary of planning and not doing. The actual coalition-building effort required substantial energy and time, and a larger commitment than all of the 15 coalition members were willing to provide. The coalition now agrees that planning processes should be maintained at the advisory level and that community volunteers should only be recruited once projects are ready to be implemented.

A side-by-side comparison of these two approaches to addressing the problem of childhood obesity is not practical. However, certain elements are salient in both initiatives. The White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity did, in fact, conduct planning quite separately from implementation. This was an important learning in the efforts to establish the Rev It Up! program. The…. [read more]

Childhood Intimacy Problems Is it the Catalyst That Creates a Sexual Perpetrator Term Paper

… ¶ … Childhood Intimacy Problems Serve as a Catalyst to Create a Sexual Perpetrator?


Children Learn


Children Learn What They Live

Factors of Intimacy

Childhood Sexual Abuse

Sexual Abuse "Signs"

The Sensible Thing

Common, Yet Uncommon, Concerns

Sexual Perpetrators' Profiles

Sexual Offender or Predator?

Society's Dilemma

Identifying a Sexual Predator 19 Online Sexual Predators

Life Long Treatment 23 Real Reasons

Ageless Truths

Facts 26 V: From Facts to Conclusions

Facts Reviewed


Can childhood intimacy problems serve as a catalyst to create a sexual perpetrator? As this research paper posits to answer this question, factors of intimacy, along with profiles of sexual perpetrators, are reviewed and related. The expectation for this project's findings is that it will answer this…. [read more]

Childhood Asthma Research Paper

… This is problematic as the longer asthma allows to subsist being under-diagnosed, the more lasting damage it is able to do to the lungs of the child (CHP, 21).


Children who have asthma live with an inflammation of the bronchial tubes. Generally they can breathe normally, except when something triggers their asthma, at which point their bronchial tubes narrow, making it difficult for air to get in their lungs (Martin & Fabes, 262). Kids who are undergoing an asthma attack will commonly feel a tightness in their chest as well as a sensation that they're breathing through a straw and start wheezing (Martin & Fabes, 262).

Triggers for Asthma

A variety of things can serve as a trigger for asthma; in fact, there are…. [read more]

Unequal Childhood by Annette Lareau Term Paper

… Unequal Childhoods

Lareau, Annette. (2003) Unequal Childhoods. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The theoretical under-pinning of the author's study

America may be the land of opportunity, but it is also a land of inequality," writes Annette Lareau at the beginning of her text entitled Unequal Childhoods. As perhaps is indicated by the title of the text, the theoretical underpinnings of her study is somewhat along the lines of the notion of 'two nations, Black and White,' in one America. In other words, the author has the hypothesis being a child in America is invariably affected by one's culture and background. This is true regardless of the initial, hopeful legal intents of the 1950's and 1960's civil rights movement of a supposedly equal society. Lareau suggests…. [read more]

Effect of Childhood Neglect on Adult Romantic Relationships Marriage Term Paper

… ¶ … Childhood Neglect on Adult Relationships

"Our children are our future." This phrase was used by U.S. Senator Blanche Lincoln addressing the importance of child care and welfare. And yet while we may value our future, we see many cases in which this phrase is overlooked and children are put in harm's way. In some cases they are even abused by family members or caretakers. How is child abuse defined? What laws are in place to mitigate the situation? U.S. law defines child abuse and neglect as:

Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents…. [read more]

School-Based Intervention Trials for the Prevention of Childhood Obesity Research Proposal

… School-Based Intervention Trials for the Prevention of Childhood Obesity

When it comes to the issue of childhood obesity, there are many factors that have to be considered. Proper parenting is important, the media is blamed for a lot of the obesity that is seen today, and, increasingly, the schools are also being blamed for not working hard enough at ensuring that the children in their care eat properly and get enough exercise. This study looks at interventions in schools as a way to curb the rising epidemic of childhood obesity.

This is very important, because these overweight children turn into overweight adults, and as this takes place their risks for serious disease not only rise, but they start much earlier than they would have if…. [read more]

Parental Authority Choice on Childhood Vaccinations Research Paper

… Parental Authority Choice on Childhood Vaccinations

Should parents be permitted to opt out of required vaccinations for their children?

Childhood immunization has over the years grown to attract numerous attentions both as a necessary measure and an appalling means to safeguard spread of diseases. With the growing need to make the world a disease free zone, the number of immunization shots to children has increased in double figures since 1980 (Madlon-Kay and Harper 611). Today by the time a child goes to kindergarten they will take in between 20 to 28 immunization shots that protect between 10 to 15 possible ailments. The safety and effectiveness attributable to the majority of these immunization shots is questioned and criticized by parents, physicians, and religious leaders. The queries…. [read more]

Free-Range Kids Skenazy Book Report

… If a parent refuses to buy into the media hype, and allows their child to stay home alone for a few hours, or walk to school, or go to the park with friends, or even just play in their front yard unsupervised; these parents are seen by modern day American Parenthood as "Bad Parents." Indeed, even the author of this book was called "America's Worst Mom" because she allowed her nine, almost ten-year-old son, to take the subway home alone in the middle of the day. Something he had done countless times with his parents, only now he wanted to accomplish the task alone. And he did, proudly.

Skenazy does a wonderful job of bringing the reader into her narrative with witty and humorous prose…. [read more]

Child Abuse and Domestic Violence Research Proposal

… ¶ … Child Abuse and Domestic Violence

The failure of the family to serve its nurturing function is demonstrated in cases of domestic violence and child abuse. Literature review shows that domestic violence can take on many forms and has both long-term and short-term effects. The broadness of the concept of domestic violence prodded the author to focus on one of its many dimensions, i.e. child abuse. The prevalence of child abuse is on an increasingly alarming trend. Effects of the abuse vary according to its severity. A number of coping mechanisms have also been detailed by previous studies. The author has observed that most of the studies conducted on this area followed the long-held tradition of employing quantitative techniques of research. Hence, this work…. [read more]

Improving the Academic Performance of Males in Early Childhood Education Term Paper

… Improving Boys' Academics

Improving the Academic Performance of Males in Early Childhood Education to Foster Greater Success in the Future.

The foundation of early childhood education has been historically limited, as the standard idea that a child under the age of 6 should not be separated from his or her parents, as the watchful eye was needed to keep them safe, that a single instructor, of many children could not provide, the more we learn about children the more aware we are that they need educated instruction far earlier. (Morgan, 1999, p. 94) Early quality education is clearly the tool that determines later success (Abboud & Kim 2005 p. 5) and yet, boys are failing at alarming rates in the developmentally challenged system that has…. [read more]

Public Awareness Campaign: Child Exploitation on the Internet Essay

… Better still, state educational officers could make impromptu visits to schools to assess their levels of compliance and report any deviations to the state governments for corrective action (Byron, 2008).

ii) To Parents

Parents understand the individual differences between their children better than anybody else. In order to effectively minimize risks to children, a reform plan should incorporate an element of support for "measures that raise parents' e-skills and confidence to enable them to protect their children effectively themselves" (Byron, 2008, p. 10). To this end, state governments could, through the various parent associations, create modules for parent training on e-safety matters, including child behavioral management (Byron, 2008). Moreover, the governments could deploy trained parenting experts, tasked with the role of equipping parents with the…. [read more]

Genie in the Course Article Review

… This is based upon the notoriety of her case and a desire to study her by numerous researchers. (Rymer, 1992) The combination of these factors created a situation where Genie was constantly being tested. Yet, no one stopped to carefully determine the impact that this was having on her development. (Rymer, 1992) In the future, these objectives hurt her ability to live independently and interact with the world around her. (Rymer, 1992)

Evidence of this can be seen with Rymer saying, "A child need more than approval. She needs a sense of security, safety and the absolute conviction that she is worthwhile. In this six-year-old body is a thirteen-year-old girl. Talk about a weird kid: Genie was a weird kid. And that's how she was…. [read more]

Child Is Safe, Edelman Term Paper

… Clearly, then, our country would be better off if we could help families out of poverty, but closing the door on welfare to needy families may not be an effective approach. The woman mentioned in Missouri has to get by on food stamps and child support, and the child support payments are sporadic and unpredictable (Friedlin, PAGE). Her children are at risk.

Jill Duerr Berrick, in her book Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare, points out that the stereotypes many hold about who is on welfare don't hold up to scrutiny. She points out that women on welfare include women like the one in Missouri, needing emergency help for a difficult time, mothers with disabilities that preclude them from gainful employment,…. [read more]

Safe Community-Building for Indigenous People Essay

… These women now can apply the new skills they have learned and address the issues of importance in their regions. Since the launch of the policy it is surprising to discover that it has only reached a small number of women. Women are the backbone of the community and the policy should have focused on the women since they are the ones who experience violence the most. Looking for ways to incorporate women should have been the first step to enable the policy to be effective. Most studies that have been looking at the causes of violence in the indigenous communities have found that women who smoke and drink are more likely to be violent on their children. The policy should look for ways to…. [read more]

Childhood Nutrition and Obesity Reduction Business Proposal

… ¶ … Child Advocacy Group

Children's Defense Fund

Fictional children's advocacy group

Fictional children's advocacy group

Organizations such as the Children's Defense Fund have acted as advocates to expand children's access to high-quality education and healthcare. However, no broad-based advocacy organization exists on a national level to focus on a specific, critical aspect of childhood development: childhood nutrition and obesity reduction. Obesity in children has tripled in the past thirty years (Childhood obesity, 2010, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion). Improving the nutritional quality of school lunches; banning fast food establishments within walking distance of schools; increasing access to safe places to exercise; expanding nutritional education and physical education in schools are all goals of our organization.

According to the National Center…. [read more]

Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia Term Paper

… Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia

This proposal for a clinical case study of the treatment of a woman diagnosed with dysthymia employs a cognitive behavioral approach to identifying effective treatment modalities for patients with depressive disorders. In cognitive behavioral sessions, psychotherapists seek to help a patient identify his or her harmful thinking patterns in order to develop better coping strategies and social skills. The focus of the research in this study is on how people in general think, behave, and communicate in the present rather than on their early childhood experiences.

Proposal for a Clinical Case Study Dissertation - Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology

Chapter One. Introduction

Statement of the Problem



Chapter Two: Review of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview…. [read more]

Obesity in Children Thesis

… Obesity in Children

Childhood obesity has become epidemic in America, and has become a mental health problem in addition to a physical problem. It is a problem that has drawn the attention of concerned parents, but also experts, educators, and even legislators (Anderson and Butcher, 2006, p. 19). There are many reasons for childhood obesity, not the least of which the many in which the world has changed, and the reasons that children are not getting the same kind of exercise today as they did when children were growing up fifty years ago. Fifty years ago, however, experts predicted that life style choices would see world with less healthy male adults who suffered obesity (Gard and Wright, 2004, p. 86). That prediction, appearing in Playboy…. [read more]

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Term Paper

… Further, NOFAS and the NCBDDD argue emphatically that pregnant women should never drink, and women who do not use birth control should not drink. Perhaps this is understandable given NOFAS and the NCBDDD's mandates to reduce FAS in the general population.

In conclusion, FAS is a devastating, but preventable, disorder. While the Streissguth, Jacobson & Jacobson, the NCBDDD, and NOFAS provide valuable technical information on FAS, Berk's textbook gives a human side to the disease. This distinction is important, as understanding the human impact of FAS is likely to motivate women to avoid alcohol during pregnancy much more than a simple recounting of facts about FAS.


Berk, Laura E. 2001. Infants and Children Prenatal Through Middle Childhood, 4th ed. Pearson Allyn & Bacon.

Jacobson,…. [read more]

Discipline With Dignity Cardsmax Essay

… This classification includes students that do not follow teacher's directions; they are disruptive, and antisocial. These traits are significant in students that have been documented to have poor long-term negative behavior patterns. The researchers discussed the utilization of Functional Behavioral Assessments (FBA), which are used to aid in the creation of Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIP) these tools are used to impede negative behavior. Research continues to provide documentation of the importance and durability of function-based intervention. Studies have been conducted with students and adults of all ages, with individuals with various disabilities and with no disabilities, in various settings, and with a variety of problematic behaviors.

(Killu, 2008, p. 140) FBA is required prior to the development of a BIP for students with disabilities who…. [read more]

Consumption of Foods Treated With Pesticides Cause an Increase in Childhood Diseases Thesis

… Pesticides

The consumption of Foods treated with pesticides cause an increase in childhood diseases

Pesticides and food

The consumption of Foods treated with pesticides cause an increase in childhood diseases

The evidence that exposure to pesticides leads to increases in various diseases and conditions in children is extensive and incontrovertible. For example, one report notes that, "Children whose parents work with pesticides are more likely to suffer leukemia, brain cancer, and other afflictions" and "Nine studies reviewed by the National Cancer Institute showed a correlation between pesticide exposure and brain cancer" (Fuhrman, 2005). These reports can be added to by many other in-depth studies on this important issue. The literature on this issue from numerous sources therefore stresses the view that there is a cogent…. [read more]

Participation, Protection, and Provision Term Paper

… Participation, Protection, And Provision

We have all heard -- over and over again -- how children are the most precious resources that any society has, that we have no future if we do not care properly for our children. But -- while this is certainly true -- it is all too often also true that children are denied the kind of care that they need to be able to grow into whole, happy, and productive adults. There are a wide range of reasons why children do not get their needs met, from poverty to drug use in the family to simple lack of understanding on the part of parents or caregivers of how to be good parents. This paper explores the conditions that are needed…. [read more]

Teaching as a Profession Term Paper

… Teaching as a Profession

The teaching profession is a profession that many young boys and girls dream about when they are in school. They conjure up images of putting lessons on a blackboard, helping students learn to read and playing with their charges on the playground. Those that actually go to college to enter the profession are often excited, nervous and committed to becoming the best teachers they can be, however, until they get into the actual classroom, they can only imagine what their lives as teachers will be like.

One of the most important experiences a student teacher can have is to observe a classroom for a period of time. Classroom observation is probably the most effective tool a student teacher can use to…. [read more]

Impact of Paternal Abandonment on Female Adult Obesity Term Paper

… Paternal Abandonment and Female Adult Obesity

This work will explore the obesity epidemic, first through a comprehensive analysis of its development, as well as through a literature review pertaining to obesity and its controversial causes. The work will then go on to describe in detail the findings of independent research regarding the issue of paternal abandonment between the ages of 6-19 and its effects on adult obesity in women. The initial findings from this study indicate that there is a causal relationship between adult female obesity and paternal abandonment between the ages of 6 and 19. If this is the case further exploration of this correlation is needed to better understand the development of such results.

Table of Contents


Statement of Problem


Review…. [read more]

Freud Was Right, Peter Muris Research Paper

… In addition, through modeling, children may repeat their parents' behavior, specifically abnormal behavior. Learning experiences, particularly aversive life events, can play a role in psychopathology, including simply the acquisition of negative information. Societal-level influences can include things such as the impact of racism leading to higher levels of anxiety in black South African children than in white South African children, which is linked to the socioeconomic differences between the two groups.

Muris discusses the impact that early intervention during youth can decrease adult psychopathology in impacted youth. These interventions can include parental training and various forms of cognitive behavioral therapy. However, interventions have not necessarily been specifically tailored to those working with problem youths. Moreover, many children may lack access to help because of the…. [read more]

Brief Action Plan Applied to Obesity in Pregnancy Dissertation

… Obesity in Pregnancy

Brief ActionPlan applied to obesity in Pregnancy

Obesity and Pregnancy

The study used both qualitative and quantitative data. Qualitative data validated the findings of the quantitative analysis. The research was carried along a set of motivational interview questions. A structural framework known as the UB-PAP (Ultra-brief Personal Action Plan) was applied as the structural framework, and it helped in capturing the qualitative values of the population. The obese pregnant mothers responded to the interview questions and those who scored 7 and above were subjected to a personal action plan. The maternal and infant morbidity and mortality statistics were obtained from the EMR (electronic media records). Other data were sourced from journal articles, the department of Health and Human services, and the state…. [read more]

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