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Civil Rights Movement in America the Struggle Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement in America

The struggle for the Civil Rights of the African-Americans have their roots in the slave trade era and the resulting pressure to let go the slaves in the southern states increasing every passing year during the emancipation of slaves period. The movement can be traced to as early as 1800 when Absalom Jones and several other blacks living in Philadelphia petitioned Congress against the notion of enslavement and slave trade and challenging the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.

The heat for recognition of civil rights took centre stage with the Court ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which sought to give "all full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on…. [read more]

American History Final Exam Stages Term Paper

… Turner lived at a time before a large middle class existed or the U.S. had become a consumer society, so he naturally thought of pioneers as farmers and ranchers who moved the agricultural frontier to the West. In his era, even though the country was rapidly industrializing, the majority of people still lived on farms and in small towns. For this reason and was always the main goal of Manifest Destiny, while industrial capitalism required a different type of imperialism that acquired markets and raw materials overseas rather than colonies. Eastern capitalists since the time of Alexander Hamilton and the early Federalists and Whigs had always had a very limited interest in expanding the agrarian frontier, and even less in the expansion of slavery. They…. [read more]

American Revolution -1783): The Birth Term Paper

… This new set of laws concerns limitations and imposition of taxes that closed the Boston sea trade and placed limited freedom (the right to exercise a colony's political, social, and economic freedom) on specific British colonies (Dolan, 1995:18-27).

Due to this unfair and corrupt nature of these sets of laws, Americans decided to protest, and when met with violence by the British militia, eventually led to the declaration of the American Revolution. In this conflict, Americans sought to free themselves to British rule, and to develop America as a new nation with a new society, the American people. The success of the Americans in the American Revolution had led to various effects, which are beneficial and at the same time, detrimental to the growth of…. [read more]

Native Americans Before Christopher Columbus Essay

… As a result of the movement, the Native Americans under the leaders of the revolutionary movement along with other Indian leaders, united to make their stance clear to the U.S. government occupied and seized Mount Rushmore, the town of Wounded Knee in South Dakota and Alcatraz (Miller, 2012). There were also working towards promoting educational independence for the American Indian Community. This was achieved by setting up K-12 Heart of the Earth Survival School in 1971. In 1972, the AIM used forceful tactics, such as marching to the Bureau of Indian Affairs to demand changes between Native Americans and the government. This march was known as the Trail of Broken Treaties (Aygen, 2001). Until their demands were met in a manner or two, the members…. [read more]

Civil War American Indian Term Paper

… ¶ … conflict between Native Americans and colonists was inevitable from the beginning. The insurgence of colonialism from the 17th to the 18th century led to the complete transformation of the Eastern American frontier from wilderness to colonial settlements. As a result, the "Indian Civil Wars" between the colonists and the various Indian nations represented some of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. This conflict, which occurred concurrently with the American revolutionary war eventually led to the destruction of the Indian Nations west of the Mississippi. Although often discussed within history books as massacres and genocide, a real examination of the Indian wars upon standards of a "just war" has been lacking. The following analysis will look to understand the conflicts between Native Americans and…. [read more]

Civil War the Proclamation of George III Essay

… Civil War

The Proclamation of George III, issued in October, 1763, is according David Brion Davis and Steven Mintz among the original most disturbing reasons for the English subjects living on the American continent to start feeling less Englishmen and more American. A particular reference to the rights to expand over Indian territory awoke the very spirit that led these people on their way as settlers in a new world. Although the Proclamation could be considered good in its spirit of finally making justice with the aboriginals, it hit the most sensible cord of the colonists: And whereas great Frauds and abuses have been committed in the purchasing Lands of the Indians, to the great Prejudice of Our Interests, and to the great Dissatisfaction of…. [read more]

American History the Book Term Paper

… "

And in the 1820s and 1830s, to continue the examples of how uncivil the society was at that time, the book notes that "... convicted criminals were whipped, held for limited periods in local jails ... Or executed." In prisons, asylums, and poorhouses inadequately trained staff resulted in (330) "overcrowding and the use of brutality to keep order."

Meanwhile, the reasons for the buildup to the Civil War included the fact (374) that "Southerners would not have reacted so strongly to real or imagined threats to its survival -- if an influential class of whites had not had a vital and growing economic interest ... " in slavery. On page 378, the authors write that "Some Southerners were obviously making money, and a great…. [read more]

American West United States Research Paper

… Competition and Regulation

During the time when railroads were being developed in the West and some of the railroad companies had experience bankruptcy, some of them were in debt and some started the wars regarding the rate. For this purpose, there was need to limit competition and therefore, lines that worked in the same territory had to either share the area or there was call of distributing the profit equally. This agreement among railroad companies led to the process of pooling, in which the rates were high (Bianculli, 56). The companies lacked cooperation and therefore, ensure that they would get maximum number of customers and therefore, they would pay bribes or rewards to large customers in order to ensure that they would use their lines…. [read more]

Indian Diplomacy the History of European Settlement Essay

… Indian Diplomacy

The history of European settlement of the American continents is unfortunately one of subjugation. The Indian nations that had occupied and cultivated various areas of the land since prehistoric times found themselves negotiating with white invaders for terms on which they could keep -- and eventually would lose -- their land. This is often seen as a problem only between the early United States government and the Indian tribes, but in fact the problem goes back even farther, to the time when many European nations were competing for "New World" resources.

The Indian people as a whole were doing quite well when first "discovered"; many tribes had complex cities and social structures, while also loving in greater harmony with nature.

The Spanish had…. [read more]

American History Assessment the United States Assessment

… American History Assessment

The United States was reluctant to enter World War II. What term have historians used to describe the American position?





In his War Message of April 1917, President Woodrow Wilson said, "The world must be made safe for democracy...." To what was he referring?

The right for countries to engage in battle

The fight for international peace and justice

The privilege of people to choose their government

The liberation of prisoners of war

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was significant for which reasons?

had to fight the war on two fronts

The attack caused the U.S. To enter the war

The Pacific fleet was seriously damaged

All of the above

e. A and b

f. b and…. [read more]

American Expansion American Territorial Essay

… Being America's first explorers to reach the far Western shore of the continent, Lewis and Clark set the path for American expansion all the way west, with colonists searching for California gold within thirty years of the historic expedition.

Great Britain and France were waging an ongoing conflict for European supremacy which first allowed the United States to break away from the British in the 1770s, and it was again British and French struggles which secured American expansion in the Louisiana Purchase, as well as the War of 1812. Mercantilism and piracy flourished in the Atlantic Ocean, and the British were the financiers of many merchant vessel takeovers in their opposition to the American colonies. With the Spanish empire to the south, the British to…. [read more]

American Revolution Impact on Colonial Society Research Paper

… American Revolution had far ranging effects not only in Colonial America but also throughout the rest of 18th Century society. These effects started slowly but eventually transcended nearly every aspect of life in America and spread to Europe.

The changes that occurred subsequent to the American Revolution began long before the actual conflict. Great Britain had established a fairly loose approach in regard to the day-to-day management of the American colonies and, as a result, the American colonists enjoyed far more liberties than most people throughout the world and their taxes were the lowest of any of Great Britain's other colonial holdings. Against, this background, however, protest and, eventually, revolution was fostered.

In the process that gradually progressed into…. [read more]

Civil War and Grant Term Paper

… They are a responsibility giving much more pleasure than anxiety."

As a man, Grant was remarkably free of personal animosity. He was never vindictive In his entire life, he spoke disparagingly of very few, and they usually had done something to deserve it. He was certainly not fond of General Hooker or General McClernand, and in his political life, Sumner and President Andrew Johnson were two men he despised. On a personal level, Grant disliked rare meat, eating poultry (though he ate turkey constantly in the White House), liars, cheats, dancing, "immorality" and he generally avoided off-color stories. His Secretary of State said that the General had a great aversion for adulterers, though he certainly surrounded himself with plenty while in the army.

As a…. [read more]

American Studies One Theme Thesis

… None of the dramatic events of the 1960s really ended the segregation and poverty of minorities in America, and violent opposition to this exploded in the Los Angeles riots of 1992. Contemporary art, poetry and music like hip-hop also expressed rage and alienation and the unequal nature of American society, just as their predecessors did over the centuries.


Perhaps nothing sums up the paradoxes and complexities of the Equality vs. Hierarchy dichotomy in American than the election of Barack Obama in 2008. In the past, his election would have been impossible, even unthinkable, since no blacks or members of other minority groups could have aspired to the presidency. Apart from John F. Kennedy in 1961-63, all the other presidents from 1789 to 2008 were…. [read more]

American Political Thought Slavery Term Paper

… American Political Thought-Slavery

This report is a combination book review, autobiographical evaluation and political and social review. That is because the work will compare and contrast two very great men in American history: W.E.B. DuBois and Abraham Lincoln. Each of these historical figures left their mark on our society questioning dogma and by speaking against what they felt was wrong. Their views were highly critical of the accepted norms of their days and therefore they each suffered public criticisms and hatred related turmoil. DuBois personal philosophies got him labeled as a socialist (a nice way of calling someone a communist in the past) and of course, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated because of his views. This report tries to first get a feel for the Dubois…. [read more]

American Revolution -- Causes Term Paper

… The colonial reaction to these new taxes was more restrained than that associated with the Stamp Act but was just as adamant. The Americans were perfectly serious in their belief that taxation by the English government without their consent was a violation of their fundamental rights and was thus "unconstitutional." Beginning with a resolution by the Boston Town Meeting, colony after colony joined in the pact to boycott the purchase or consumption of English goods. In 1768, the Royal Customs commissioners filed criminal charges against John Hancock after the officials were denied from inspecting the cargo of a ship owned by Hancock. This affair signaled a renewed struggle between the royal administrators and the local business and political entities which furthered the decline in relations…. [read more]

Mexican American War and Civil Term Paper

… Mexican-American War and Civil War

The Mexican-American war between the two neighboring countries can be considered to have played an important role in the shaping of the history of the two nations. The 1846-48 conflict represented a defining moment for the two especially due to the essential issues they posed for both countries. In this sense, the issue of race and class distinction was an important aspect of the war which pointed out the differences between the two as well as the essential nature of such aspect at the time of the war.

The war pointed out the wide differences between two totally opposing societies. The American nation represented a new emerging society in which the norms and the rules were inspired by an old…. [read more]

United States in World War II Term Paper

… Minorities in World War II

World War II and Its Impact on Minorities in America

World War II was the most destructive war in human history, claiming the lives of at least fifty million people around the world. It crippled many more millions and cost nations astronomical amounts of property damage. World War II also has left a huge legacy as its impact on the domestic affairs of the countries involved was enormous. Though most history books focus on the war itself, this paper is an attempt to look at the war's impact on American society. Particularly, the focus of this paper is on the impact of World War II on minorities in America: Native Americans, Japanese-Americans, African-Americans, women, and other groups. It is hard…. [read more]

Natisve Americans Native Essay

… al, 142). Native Americans, who were former allies of the French, were treated by British in a hostile and controlling manner. To this, they reacted in such a way that they launched Pontiac War.

The rebellion had been initiated in order to challenge Britain and the Native Americans, had been successful in displacing the British from their forts and forcing them to remove their policies, which had initiated the Pontiac War. However, by 1764, Native Americans concentrated on making peace with the British. This act had been initiated in as Native Americans did not have the stamina and the weapons and guns to fight the war as they did not have allies to supply them with weapons.

The decade of war in the Seven Years…. [read more]

Comanche Choose ) Native American Essay

… The tribe was initially not confined in its entirety and continued to spar with whites. In 1874, Isa-tai (later known as White Eagle) "called his people together for a Sun Dance in the spring of 1874 and promised victory over the whites (Lipscomb 2012). In response, the U.S. Army "began a relentless campaign that became known as the Red River War," with the intent of driving all Comanche Indians to reservations (Lipscomb 2012). "Very few Indians were killed in the engagements, but their mounts and supplies were so depleted that they could not survive the winter on the plains and were forced to enter the reservation" (Lipscomb 2012). Losing their horses, the staple of Comanche life, proved to be the tribe's downfall. The Comanche were…. [read more]

African and Native Americans Essay

… Furthermore, while both groups would go on to suffer further discrimination and brutality well into the contemporary era, the legacy of the maroons and "Seminole freedmen" lives on in Florida and Oklahoma, where they were eventually forced to move as a result of the United States' forced relocations over the course of the nineteenth century.

Though the history and experiences of African-Americans and Native Americans are different in obvious ways, such as their relative geographical origins and the degree of respect or humanity they were afforded by European colonists, they also shared some interesting similarities that allowed for unique kinship and communities to form. While Native Americans were occasionally treated with just enough respect to get them to fight or trade in the name of…. [read more]

American History Your Highnesses Term Paper

… " (Turner 114). Jefferson's brand of Democracy was in many ways a revolt against the former ways imposed by the British.

As Americans gradually expanded west they routinely came into conflict with native tribes. "In 1824 President James Monroe wrote congress concerning the notion that all Indians should be 'removed' to the areas west of the Mississippi River." (Brinkley 154). By 1838 the evacuation order was given and federal soldiers were sent in to forcibly remove twenty-thousand Cherokee Indians, among others, from Georgian lands all the way to Oklahoma. The path came to be known as "the trail of tears," for almost a quarter of the Cherokee that set-out died along the way from disease, exhaustion, or even starvation. The former Cherokee lands of Northwest…. [read more]

American Colonies the Puritans Who Arrived Essay

… ¶ … American Colonies

The Puritans who arrived in America in 1630 were on a mission to build a -city upon a hill- as an example of what could be done in a society committed to Gods laws. In the first century of settlement, however, the challenges that they encountered compromised aspects of their mission. Discuss these challenges and the Puritans' response to them.

Some of the first settlers who arrived in America in 1630 were Puritans, determined to make their new settlement "a city on a hill" as a symbol of how successful a society could be if it were committed to God's laws. However, the challenges they faced upon their arrival in the New World compromised aspects of this mission, and the Puritans…. [read more]

Civil Rights Movement Essay

… , 2007).

Tribally governed advanced schooling started during 1971 from Tsaili around the Navajo reservation, when Dine College (first set up as the Navajo Community College during 1968) had become the very first tribally governed college within the U.S. Deganawida-Quetzelcoatl University had been set up in Davis, California, at approximately the same time frame. Over the following decade an additional 24 such organizations had been founded in the Indian region (Cobb et al., 2007).

The Black Panthers Malcolm X's concepts affected a brand new age group of militant Black leaders who additionally preached black strength, Black Nationalism, as well as financial self-sufficiency. During 1966 within Oakland, California, Bobby Seale, Huey Newton, along with Eldridge Cleaver structured the Black Panther Party for Self-Defence, or perhaps the…. [read more]

American Civil War/Sioux Indians Cowboys Term Paper

… They, wisely, feared the worst. Yet, despite their refusal to sign the treaty, Red Cloud went to Washington "wearing a big top hat" and shook hands with Grant, ratifying the treaty into law.

As this was happening, and important ties between tribes were being circumvented for relationship and power transfers with the insurgent governance from Washington, Michael Blake ignored the growing tension in his screenplay, whose struggle to present an accurate picture in three hours meant a necessary temporal departure from correctness.

"There were some very poetic and nature-loving Indians all over the place," Seals postured, "and the beautiful white babe who had been captured as a pioneer child, her whole family butchered by them sneaky Pawnees, but nowhere were there ay of the complex…. [read more]

Civil War Summary of Part III Essay

… Civil War

Summary of Part III "A Land of Contrasts:" the Boisterous Sea of Liberty:

Even in the colonial era, the distinguishing characteristic of America was the diversity of its population" (Davis & Mintz 87). Although America's diversity is often conceptualized as a recent development, the relatively decentralized control of the Americas early in colonial history made the land, in its own way, perhaps even more pluralistic than our own extant union. Settlements emerged in different areas, all of which possessed very different demographics and manifested very ways of life. There was no centralized government or national authority to speak of, paving the way for the creation of a loose confederation of states of America rather than a single union. America at its conception was…. [read more]

Indian Education/Boarding Schools Term Paper

… ..but they got caught. They tied their legs up, tied their hands behind their backs, put them in the middle of the hallway so that if they fell, fell asleep or something, the matron would hear them and she'd get out there and whip them and make them stand up again." Joyce Burr, a Turtle Mountain Chippewa/Oglala Sioux who lived at Wahpeton Indian school from 1952 to 1959 also reports beatings for offences ranging from climbing trees, to not making her bed quickly (Kelley).

In addition to harsh punishments, children at the schools had to deal with the threat of illness. Contributing factors to this were crowded conditions and insufficient medical care. As a result diseases like tuberculosis, influenza and measles were rampant. Deaths at…. [read more]

American Indians Struggled Against Book Report

… As the United States entered the era preceding the Civil War the separation theory began to lose momentum. The Lewis and Clark expedition had created new interest in the area beyond the Mississippi River and the Manifest Destiny movement began to gather momentum. Americans began to push into the areas where the Indians had been placed as a result of the separation policy and, as a result, a new policy had to be developed. Weeks commenting on the era wrote that, "The relentless westward push of humanity and enterprise…rolled across the remaining Indian land like a tidal wave, with Americans clamoring for more and more of the republic's heartland (Weeks: p. 123)." Merely placing the Indians in an area that was uninhabited by the White…. [read more]

Native Americans Transition From Freedom Essay

… Imperialism and Global Expansion:

The struggle to overcome isolation by Native Americans began with the economic prosperity that the country experienced. Native Americans struggled to overcome isolation because their perspective on the world was different from the views of European societies. Their struggle from isolation was also coupled with other people's belief that the United States could promote the cause of freedom and democracy only by war. With such perspectives, overcoming isolation was difficult for Native Americans though they overcame isolation through imperialism and global expansion through economic forces.

Changes to the Native American Themes:

The themes that the Native Americans used in their struggle to overcome isolation later changed mainly as a result of development of railroads in the western part of the United…. [read more]

History of Native Americans Essay

… 3. What is the Indian Reorganization Act or "Indian New Deal"?

The Indian New Deal or the Indian Reorganization Act could be recognized as the only dazzling mark by which the United States' administration treated the minorities elegantly (Roberts).

The Indian New Deal terminated the Allotment Act and reconsolidate the reservation lands for Native Americans so that they could be restored to the communal society. The next step that was taken was the organization of the Native American tribes as a corporation. This New Deal also reformed the education for the minorities. The federal government was asked to allocate more funds to schools for the accommodation of a higher number of native children. The encouragement of Native Americans' traditional art and craft was also a…. [read more]

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