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Classical Symphony Music Essay

… Most musical scholars believe that the Italian Overture, popular because of the new rage for opera, used a structure of three contrasting movements -- fast, slow, fast, and was the forerunner of the symphony. Instead of being part of an opera or other piece, the classical symphony was meant to stand alone as a concert performance, with themes and variations that were not necessarily tied to a specific story. The first symphonies were sometimes used as an entr'acte and followed the three movement style. Haydn and Mozart, in fact, composed their earlier symphonies in this style, but allowed them to evolve to a four movement work: 1) opening sonata or allegro; 2) slow movement or adagio; 3) minuet or trio, the scherzo; and 4) an…. [read more]

Music Appreciation Stravinsky, the Rite of Spring Questionnaire

… Music Appreciation

Stravinsky, the Rite of Spring

) the Rite of Spring was written and composed in year 1913. The musical period and the artistic movement that this piece of music belonged to was the modernist period. The artistic movement was a part of the 20th century music which persisted from 1900-1950.

) the purpose for the composure of this music stemmed from the idea behind the rite of spring as being a pagan rite. During this ritual the elders watch a young girl sacrifice herself to the spring god by dancing herself to death.

) the Ballet Russe was the Russian ballet which performed between the years of 1909 and 1929. This Russian ballet originally performed the Rite of Spring with Vaslav Nijinsky's choreography.…. [read more]

Music Appreciation Essay

… Music Appreciation

Describe the characteristics of the twentieth-century concept of melody. Refer to at least one listening example in your response. (Textbook p.301-302, 309-310)

Melody only seems to have taken a back seat in contemporary music when compared to old times. Melodies of innovative new composers are often hard to read as they turn to scales which are not the minor and major, seeking to find inspiration from the medieval, whole-tone, pentatonic and other diverse fold scales. In addition the angular contour of the contemporary melodies renders it difficult for both the listener and performer. Melodies with distant notes have been referred to as, "Instrumentals" because they are easier to play than to sing. Octave displacement is a new technique used by the composers when…. [read more]

Classical Music Theme and Variations Term Paper

… Classical Music: Theme and Variations

Themes and variation in music is a technique in which repetition of tunes is being done but with the inclusion of several changes in tune or beat during the repetition. The purpose of which is to create shape to a musical piece despite of the fact that sets of tunes are being repeated. An online source has the following concept of a theme and variation.

Theme and variations form is the simplest. At the beginning of a movement, the theme is clearly stated. Each section thereafter in the movement is a variation on the theme. The variations may be as simple as a change in key or accompaniment, or a complicated restatement of the theme which may not be recognizable…. [read more]

Music and History Thesis

… Music

Michael Tilson Thomas, the musical director of the San Francisco Symphony, describes Igor Stravinsky's 1913 "Rite of Spring" as a "burst of creative power that shook music to its foundations," (2006). Alsop (2007) similarly notes that "Rite of Spring" was a composition that "changed the course of music forever." Yet when Stravinsky's work is placed soberly within its historical context, "Rite of Spring" does not seem completely detached from the social, cultural, and political revolutions taking place throughout the Western world at the time of its composition. For example, the most notably new and notorious feature of "Rite of Spring" is its primal, possibly pagan nature but weaving tribal and pagan themes into Western art was not new in 1913. Painters like Paul Gauguin…. [read more]

Classical and Popular Music Term Paper

… We hardly pay attention to the role of electronic media in music and thus fail to detach the real from the unreal. We accept things as they are presented to us without ever questioning their authenticity.

In short, the reality and unreality of music is just one way Pynchon chooses to comment on the invalidity of many theories, values, customs, beliefs and the reality that they all give birth to. In the case of music, he has chosen technology as the metaphor for everything that blurs the reality and replaces it with things insubstantial and less original. (Slade 1974)

Works Cited

Hans, James S., Emptiness and plenitude in "Bartleby the Scrivener" and 'The Crying of Lot 49.'. Vol. 22, Essays in Literature, 09-22-1995, pp 285(15).…. [read more]

Classical Music Is the Final Period Research Paper

… ¶ … classical music is the final period of western classical music and it originates from the 1940s to the present. "Like modern art, modern music has focused on variety and radical experimentation. Also like modern art, modern classical music witnessed a continuation of prewar developments (Spielvogel, 942). Modern classical music was a direct reflection of the multitude of changes that were sweeping through society that forced individuals to re-evaluate their roles as individuals, men, women and consumers.

Since modern classical music debuted in the 1940s, it's worth examining this decade first and foremost to determine which societal forces were flagrant at the time and impacting the way in which music was composed (Kennedy, 199). Notably in the 1940s, America was a nation at war;…. [read more]

Classical Sonata: Mozart's Sonata for Piano in C Major, K 545 Essay

… Part II: Differences between Group 1 and Group 2

Group 1 has a more classical and elegant tone to it. It begins the sonata sequence clearly and distinctly and the notes are relatively easy to distinguish. There are clear breaks between the different sections. Group 2 has a more contemplative, darker, and fluid quality. It makes use of the same themes as Group 1 but gives them a distinct 'twist.' The use of notes between the different sections of music in Group 2 tend to be more punctuated, elaborate and complex. However, the differences in tone between the groups are still relatively subtle. No one could miss the fact that both groups are still part of the same work of music.

Part IV: How the…. [read more]

Music on Grocery Store Shopper Term Paper

… Times will be recorded in the total number minutes per visit. It is expected that findings will indicate longer stays for the group that shops with music. Data will be cross-tabulated according to male vs. female. In addition it will be cross-tabulated according to the type of music being played. Sampling will be conducted over a period of two weeks. Data from different days of the week will also be cross-tabulated. These cross tabulations will serve the purpose of identifying confounding variables that may be present. Data regarding the total volume of sales during the collection period will be obtained from management to determine if the amount of total sales volume reflects an increase during music periods as opposed to non-music periods. This data will…. [read more]

Tchaikovsky and Romantic Period Term Paper

… Tchaikovsky and Romantic Period


The artifacts which reveal the most about our society give us information not only about the culture in which it was created and the place the creator held within that society, but also show us a reflection of that culture through the eyes of the creator. Some of the greatest pieces of music are also the most valuable artifacts. Although Western music from a wide range of time is grouped together as "Classical" by the general public, the Classical era was actually quite short in comparison to other musical eras, and very few Classical composers remain known today. A good deal of the composers associated with Classical music, such as Beethoven, Paganini, Schubert, and Verdi among many others, are actually…. [read more]

Humanism and 16th Century Music Essay

… Humanism and 16th century music 'Humanism' is the term used to describe the philosophy that came to dominate Western culture in the 16th century. Humanism was a reaction to the single-minded focus on faith that characterized most of the intellectual life of the medieval era. Before, classical learning was feared and disdained as pagan: in the 16th century there was a revival of interest in Greek and Roman science, history, literature, and art. Classical and sacred allusions and metaphors were now both used freely, often interchangeably. A new faith in the ability of physical, earthly beauty to provide a glimpse of transcendence in the mortal world began to emerge in the art of this period (Kries 2009). Symmetry and classical proportions grew in importance in…. [read more]

Rhythm, Dynamics, Melody, Harmony and Texture Essay

… ¶ … rhythm, dynamics, melody, harmony and texture, and timbre into a composition to add interest and character. Remember to discuss what each of these elements does.

There are many elements to music, and composers of music must necessarily familiarize themselves with those elements in order to craft rich works full of interest and character. The driving force behind any composition is, of course, its pulse -- or rhythm. Rhythm is "the earliest and most basic of the building materials or elements of music," according to Jean Ferris (p. 11) and is the arrangement of time in music. Just like poets will use beats, or rhythmic patterns of speech, to write poetry, musicians use musical beats, rests, meter and tempo to infuse their works with…. [read more]

Social Analysis of the Blues Term Paper

… These blues songs have discussed the social issues of lynching and family ties broken and illiteracy in the black American society because of slavery. As Frederick Douglass had stated in his novel, singing and blues music for the African-American people is "a tale of woe... they were tones loud, long, and deep; they breathed the prayer and complaint of souls boiling over with the bitterest anguish. Every tone was a testimony against slavery, and a prayer to God fro deliverance from chains." True enough, blues music is a form of individual and social expression of the African-Americans against the historical and social effects and pains of black American slavery in the history of America.


David, Angela. "Blues Legacies and Black Feminism." 1998. George Washington…. [read more]

Life and Music of One Composer Term Paper

… ¶ … Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote many forms of music in his lifetime. Mozart composed most of his work with great ease and this is shown in the extensive amount of compositions he has written. He composed over 150 musical works between 1782 and 1785. The compositions Mozart composed was a wide range of varieties including: operas, church music, vocal and choral music, orchestral music, chamber music, piano music, and organ music. Hayden told Leopold Mozart, Mozart's father that his son was, "the greatest composer known to me in person or by name; he has taste and, what is more, the greatest knowledge of composition" (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 2010). Influenced by his father, who was a writer on violin-playing influential treatise, Mozart showed expertise…. [read more]

Authorship and Attribution in Early Music Research Thesis

… Authorship and Attribution in Early Music Research

Scholars of early music face a problem that is one of an important nature and one that endures and that is the question of who is actually the composer of music surviving today and in the form of various written manifestations from early period of music. The work of Bruce Haynes entitled: "The End of Early Music: A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century" states that the "true Canonic musical experience requires knowing who wrote the piece one is hearing, knowing when they lived and knowing where they fit in the hierarchy of the Pantheon." (Haynes, 2007)

Haynes writes that John Spitzer "…for his dissertation…traced the histories of works attributed to great composers that were…. [read more]

Endanger Culture Term Paper

… Ethiopian Music

Ethiopia is one of the world's most ancient nations, located in Africa. It is a culture that is rich in traditions, customs and music. Between the years 1969 and 1978, Ethiopian music was unknown to the world because the nation was run by the communist dictatorship of Mengitsu. During this time, Mengitsu officially banned all vinyl recordings of music. So, Ethiopian music was lost and unknown to the world. However, during the 1990s, the world discovered Ethiopian music once again. Since then, Ethiopian music is a unique style that can be compared and contrasted to American music. This paper will outline these comparisons and contrasts between the two countries and their styles of music.

Ethiopia is a country located in Eastern Africa. It…. [read more]

Negro Spirituals and the Development Term Paper

… The theories about the origin of jazz are many. The most commonly accepted theory is that it originated in New Orleans. This was a result of many influences including African polyrhythms, European classical and American Negro spirituals. This then spread rapidly in the turn of the century culture, and within two decades it had become the most popular form of music in the biggest cities of that time in the country - New York and Chicago. It is felt to be a wonderful form of music and some even ascribe the origin of the music to the same non-people who built the pyramids. They returned after quite a few thousand years because they were unable to stand the types of folk music that were being…. [read more]

Formal and Tonal Analysis of Beethoven's Piano Sonata OP 110 Dissertation

… Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 31 Op. 110: A critical analysis

The Prolific German composer and pianist, whose some thirty-two piano sonatas span a lifetime of achievement and professional success, managed to produce an impressive number of works which boast of a variety of classical styles. On the heels of compositional greats such as Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven is placed in the Classical Period of classical music, with its focus on order and structure with particular attention to magnificent arpeggiated runs, a robust counterpoint and larger-than-life almost anthematic themes. With this in mind, any exploration of his work must keep in mind the era in which it is produced apart from technical features of musical theory. However, innovations in style and musical taste and perspective helped…. [read more]

University of Michigan Life Sciences Orchestra Term Paper

… ¶ … University of Michigan Life Sciences Orchestra

The Life Science Orchestra is extremely popular because classical music offers a therapeutic effect for both players and audiences, this affect has created an new American culture of classical music appreciation.

Weiss, Michael J. "Death of the Arts Snob? - American attitudes of the theater."

American Demographics (June 2001).

Hoffman, Janalea. "Therapeutic Use of Music." POST-POLIO HEALTH 22.1 (Winter

The event that I chose to attend was the Life Science Orchestra at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor campus. The LSO is extremely well-known through campus and nationally, unlike other orchestras, the majority of the musicians do not specialize in music, but rather are volunteers drawn from the medical staff and medical students within the university. The…. [read more]

Alberto Williams and Nationalism Term Paper

… Mr. Gonzalez-Ortega specified three types of nationalism in the lines of the poem. The one most relevant here is the section dealing with "nationalistic manifestation directed against foreigners and Argentinean immigration laws." (9). The gaucho in this poem is against these two items. And this was reflected in real life since "the government had passed favorable laws toward European settlers." (9). Williams knew of this - literally grew up while it was happening - and so incorporated some of this nationalistic feeling in his work. And up to the present day, the mix of nationalities and languages has not hurt the society. Up to 85% of the population is actually European in origin. "Despite the mix of ancestries and languages, Argentines are fiercely nationalistic." (Argentine…. [read more]

Production Techniques and Their Influence Essay

… Conclusion

Music has come a long way with the advent of newer technology and refinements in existing ones. The production techniques have undergone vast changes since the 1970s and this has helped to shape music as we know it today. Two major techniques that have transformed sound recording are equalization and mixing. These two techniques have helped to eliminate unwanted noise and makes it possible to present music in its pure and original form without any distortions. As technology advances further, it is expected that these techniques will become more refined and this will open up new avenues for music that have hitherto been unexplored.


Izhaki, Roey. (2009). Mixing Audio: Concepts, Practices and Tools. Oxford: Elsevier.

Sommers, Rob; Bob, Steiner. (2003). The Mixer. Retrieved…. [read more]

Philosophy of Humanism and Music of the Renaissance Era Thesis

… Humanism and the Renaissance: An Overview of the Revival

The word 'Renaissance' means 'rebirth.' The formal 'Renaissance' is defined as the European period spanning from the end of the 13th century to approximately 1600. The title given to this epoch reflects the fact that there was a rebirth of interest in classical antiquity and human individualism. Classical forms and an emphasis on symmetry and beauty reappeared in all of the arts. This is perhaps most strikingly manifest in the contrast between the Gothic churches of the high middle ages, with their grotesque gargoyles, and Michelangelo's David, a work which celebrates the human form in all of its glory.

The predominant intellectual philosophy of the Renaissance came to be called humanism, or the placing of the…. [read more]

Dispassionate Analysis on a Specified Piece of Work Research Paper

… Haydn's Symphony No. 94 in G Major (Surprise)

Haydn's Surprise Symphony

Franz Josef Haydn's Symphony No. 94 in G Major (1791) is often called "The Surprise Symphony." It is the work with which the listening public is probably the most familiar. Haydn composed the piece for the first of two extended visits to London. The first performance was held there on March 23, 1792 (Freed). The work, as performed, is twenty-three minutes long and features flutes, oboes, bassoons, horns and trumpets in pairs, with timpani and strings. This was the typical construct of a Classical-era orchestra. Contrary to popular legend, Haydn did not use the "surprise" element to wake up audiences that he feared would fall asleep during the softer, more tender moments of his…. [read more]

Guillaume De Machaut Term Paper

… Guillaume De Machaut

Historical Account of the Life and Works of Guillaume de Machaut

Medieval France was Guillaume de Machaut was one of the first composers who left substantial information behind about his life and music. This paper provides an account of Machaut's biography, followed by a discussion of his major musical achievements. A summary of the research and salient findings are presented in the conclusion.

The France of the mid-14th century represented an extension of the trends that had begun in the 13th century in virtually all aspects of social life, but as Hughes and Abraham (1960) emphasize, these trends also represented a decline,.".. If only in the sense of a descent from a peak, in the arts. For the thirteenth century was a…. [read more]

Beethoven Moonlight Sonata and Vivaldi Spring From the Four Seasons Thesis

… Beethoven, Moonlight Sonata and Vivaldi, Spring From the Four Seasons

The Moonlight of a Young Dancer's Life: A Short Story Inspired by Vivaldi's "Spring" and Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata"


Ludwig Van Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" and Antonio Vivaldi's "Spring" movement from "The Four Seasons"

Ludwig Van Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" is one of the most famous, and familiar pieces of music ever created. However, beyond the cliches that have been attached to this work of genius lies a great story. Beethoven is rumored to have written the sonata as a result of an unrequited love affair with a female pupil. As he did so often, Beethoven poured his passionate and stormy feelings about the world into his art, even when he could not express them in his…. [read more]

Effects of Music on Heart Rate Term Paper

… Music and Exercise

Today's busy life styles become hectic for many people. Tensions and anxieties haunt each one of us in our daily lives. This busy life style and its various problems put a lot of physical, psychological and even spiritual stress on all of us. Exercise is an activity considered good for human health while listening to music has its own positive effect on human mind and psyche but if both of these things are combined together then it can be considered a lethal combination. Different researches have been conducted to find the effect of music and exercises together.

Exercise & Music

Different training sessions involving cardio and resistance work, including a cool down and stretch sessions increasingly involve music in the whole process.…. [read more]

Art of Classical Antiquity Essay

… The story of the trial and death of Socrates as it is told in Plato's Republic, brought to life on canvas by David, had direct historical reference. Socrates was put on trial by those who would not listen to reason: the jury of Athenians was too beholden to the ancient social structure. David drew much from this historical reference and is making a political statement in the painting. In ancient Greece, the art was not making as much of a political statement as it was an expression of pride in the pinnacle of Hellenic culture. Other Neoclassical works, including those by David, do not address the themes of classical Greece. They are, such as "Napoleon Crossing the Alps," more squarely rooted in contemporary imagery. However,…. [read more]

Ludwig Van Beethoven String Quartet No 6 OP 18 Term Paper

… Ludwig Van Beethoven was born in 1740 in Bonn, Germany to father Johann van Beethoven and mother Magdalena Keverich Van Beethoven. His father was his first musical mentor but was an alcoholic who abused his son even as he tried to get the young Ludwig recognized as a child prodigy. In order to continue studying music, Ludwig van Beethoven moved tin 1792 to Vienna, where he would spend most of the remainder of his life. While in Vienna, Beethoven studied under the tutelage of Joseph Haydn, commonly referred to as the "father of the string quartet." It was Haydn who most probably taught Beethoven the art of composing string quartets and who may have especially inspired Beetoven's first six string quartets, including Opus 18/6. Beethoven…. [read more]

Concert Report and Summary - Paris Term Paper

… Concert Report & Summary - Paris

Concert Performer: The Grand Tour, Paris

Concert Location: Hollywood Bowl, Los Angeles, California

Type of Concert: Classical symphony

Concert Summary:

Rameau: Overture to Na s.

Rameau's Overture to Nais is perhaps one of the most innovative and interesting musical pieces from this concert. Its most enchanting characteristic is perhaps the very keen and close description of the actual epical action that the music describes.

The story presents the attack of Mount Olympus by the titans and giants during their war with the Greek gods. From this perspective, the music would have to have two important descriptive roles. First of all, it would need to describe the actual storming action, but, at same time, it would also need to describe…. [read more]

Programme Notes for Beethoven's Waldstein Sonata Thesis

… Program Notes for Beethoven's Waldstein Sonata

Beethoven's Waldstein Sonata: An Overview

Ludwig van Beethoven is widely considered one of the greatest composers who ever lived. His style connects the intense formalism of the Classical period with the fiery passions of the Romantic era. Despite a harsh upbringing by a father who attempted to beat the young Ludwig into submission so the boy would become a prodigy like Mozart (to whom he was often compared) and his deafness later in life, Beethoven is famed as a composer of symphonies, concerts, sonatas, and even an opera (Parekh 2005).

The Waldstein sonata exemplifies the composer's mastery of the sonata form, even though Beethoven introduced notable innovations to sonata conventions, such as the truncated second section. "The movements of…. [read more]

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