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Cochlear Implants Thesis

… ¶ … deaf population's stand on cochlear implants. Cochlear implants can help profoundly deaf people hear, and they can help them acquire language skills, as well. However, many people in the deaf community oppose cochlear implants because they do not see deafness as something that needs curing, and they often do not support deaf individuals who choose cochlear implants. They also believe sign language will disappear if cochlear implants become widespread, and sign language is a major element of the deaf community, which is another reason many people in the deaf community adamantly oppose cochlear implants.

Cochlear implants are electronic instruments imbedded in the cochlear of the inner ear that allow sounds to reach the ear. They do not restore hearing, but they can make…. [read more]

Cochlear Implants Thesis

… Technology

Cochlear Implants

A cochlear implant can help to provide a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of-hearing. It is a small, complex electronic device that consists of an external portion that sits behind the ear and a second portion that is surgically implanted under the skin. An implant does not restore normal hearing to a person; instead it gives a deaf person a useful depiction of sounds that are in the environment and helps them to understand speech (Cochlear Implants, 2007). The first commercial devices were approved by the FDA during the 1980's, although research on this device began in the 1950's (Cochlear Implants, 2009). The FDA regulates the manufacture and distribution of cochlear implants. In order for…. [read more]

Cochlear Implants Can Help Children With Hearing Term Paper

… cochlear implants can help children with hearing impairments acquire spoken language skills much more efficiently than with the use of hearing aids alone. Especially in families without any other deaf members, children with hearing impairments start school at a significant disadvantage vs. their peers. The current study examined the effects of early implantation with measured results at 3.5 to 4.5 years of age.

Early implantation may assist neuron development in the auditory system, which proceeds through a period of relative plasticity during the toddler years. Cochlear implants may even offer the possibility of restoring stunted auditory system development. Prior research shows that children under the age of five who receive cochlear implants develop at almost the same rate as their typically developing counterparts and faster…. [read more]

Physical Anthropology Culture Term Paper

… Cochlear Implants

To many hearing people, the controversy surrounding cochlear implants seems odd. After all, the implants can enable an otherwise deaf person to function in the hearing world. The implants might not be a cure and they do not help all deaf persons, but they do restore a considerable amount of the lost sense. Nevertheless, many deaf persons "deem the implants unnecessary, oppressive, and emotionally risky," (Nevala). In fact, for many deaf people, cochlear implants a "death knell for deaf culture," and even view them as "genocide," (Nevala). These strong sentiments stem from the fact that deaf culture thrives because it provides a strong, vibrant community from which a deaf person derives considerable social support and psychological strength. The implants, according to some deaf…. [read more]

Deaf the 2008 Television Movie Essay

… Undoubtedly there will be some who believe that the acceptance of the implant disintegrates Deaf identity and fosters prejudices and stereotypes. The Deaf community will claim that Adam can do everything and be everything he could be whether he was Deaf or not. Yet unfortunately, they would be wrong. The Deaf voices are valid and need to be heard; their motives for retaining Deaf culture are strong. In this case, though, Adam could grow up to be a bridge between the hearing and the Deaf if he decides to take the implant. Few people will have the opportunity to be a liaison between these two communities, but Adam will have that choice more if he can communicate both verbally and nonverbally.

Adam's father also understands…. [read more]

Educating the Deaf. It Deals Essay

… Per Luckner, it is now known that deafness is not an all or nothing state of being. Most deaf people have some residual hearing which may be enhanced by modern day technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants. Which technology used depends upon the individual. Each individual must be tested to determine if their hearing loss is moderate, profound, or severe. Only then can the appropriate devices be utilized to technologically enhance that person's ability to orally communicate and "learn" to hear (date unknown).

As shown in the video, many teaching techniques are employed to teach the deaf to orally communicate. These strategies include but are not limited to repetition and communication clues. Regardless of the strategy, patience seems to be the key. There…. [read more]

Ableism, as Every Author We Have Read Essay

… Ableism, as every author we have read who explicitly addresses the issue has defined it, is just like sexism or racism in that it is an underlying social and cultural system of prejudice that limits or prevents access to various parts of society-based to a select subset of the population. Specifically, ableism refers to the notion that no-disabled life is the "normal" mode of living, with disabled persons being substandard. This results in the design of society in ways that are physically, cognitively, and behaviorally prohibitive to disabled individuals. This is a hugely important matter of consideration for educators due to the ethical -- and legal -- mandate for everyone to receive a free and appropriate education. Minority inclusion, whatever the basis of an individual's…. [read more]

Aging Psychology and Hearing and Smell Term Paper

… Sensory Loss in the Aged


Take Home Exam

Hearing loss that interferes with the ability to understand spoken language is a disability that creates difficulty in a variety of circumstances. A hearing deficit is especially serious for children as it may interfere with their ability to learn necessary life skills. For the adult hearing loss may interfere with their social life or with their ability to work and remain a contributing member of society. The extent of the hearing loss and the degree to which it interferes with a person's ability to work determine which measures may be appropriate and in which circumstances.

The ultimate goal of hearing loss treatment is to improve the person's ability to function in life. The improvement in their…. [read more]

Language Development Term Paper

… Language Development

Svirsky, Mario a., Robbins, Amy M., Kirk, Iller Kirk, Karen, Pisoni, David B., & Miyamoto, Richard T. (2000). Language Development in profoundly deaf children with cochlear implants. American Psychological Society. 11(2), 153-159.

For years researchers have found that when deafness occurs before the age of three in a child, language proves more difficult to acquire than "normal-hearing" children, (Svirsky, 2000). Many individuals who suffered in their language abilites were left to deal with the issue by themselves. However, around the 1980's the cochlear implant made a huge impact in dealing with hearing impairment. Studies focusing on the implant's in children also noticed that the implant actually helped promote language development, both oral and written.

Information for Literature Review:

Several previous studies show how…. [read more]

Heather Whitestone Research Paper

… Heather Whitestone:

The first Miss America with a disability proclaimed herself a Miss America for all America, not just the deaf

When Heather Whitestone became Miss America, it might be assumed that all of her fellow deaf Americans felt a swell of pride in their collective hearts. But Whitestone's ascent to the title proved to be one of the most controversial selections of a Miss America since the debate over Vanessa Williams' decision to pose for nude photographs before assuming the crown. Initially, the decision that was so controversial in Whitestone's life was not a decision Heather had made. Rather, it was a decision her parents had made for her, namely how to educate this young, deaf girl. Heather Whitehead's support for orally-based deaf education…. [read more]

Sign Language and Deaf Culture Research Paper

… Sign Language and Deaf Culture

Deaf Children Born to Hearing Parents and the Impact on Language Development and Culture

Learning is hard enough for any child, but deaf children are unfortunately faced with an entirely different set of challenges that threatens their ability to find success in academia and in whatever professional endeavors they embark on. With many deaf children being born to hearing parents, there is a disconnect between the caregiver and the infant at a time where language acquisition and learning is at its highest point. This, unfortunately, can result in limited linguistic structures that can haunt children for the rest of their lives, and impact how they perform in school and in the professional world. With the population of deaf children being…. [read more]

Speech Understanding Ototoxicity Characteristics Research Paper

… The sound stimulus is presented in the ear contralateral to the probe tip. A continuous pure tone stimulus is presented 10 dB above acoustic reflex threshold for 10 seconds. The test is positive if the magnitude of the reflex decreases by more than 50% in ten seconds. In a normal ear, the reflex should stay contracted for the full 10 seconds. Note, the ear being tested is the one receiving the stimulus not the probe (Dille 2010).

Otoacoustic Emission -- The purpose of this test is to determine cochlear status, specifically hair cell function. This information can be used to: 1) screen hearing, particularly in neonates or individuals with developmental disabilities, 2) estimate hearing sensitivity, 3) differentiate between the sensory and neural components of sensorineural…. [read more]

Technology for the Deaf Essay

… Technology for the Deaf

There are a number of technologies that are used to aid the hearing impaired in their communication with the hearing world. Some of the technology is external, some internal. The external types are less controversial to the community than the internal types; there is a schism within the deaf community, in fact, about implants and other implanted devices that allow hearing impaired individuals to "hear" (the Cochlear Implant Controversy, 2009).

External Technological Devices -- External devices for the deaf have improved greatly over the past several decades. With the advent of smaller processor chips, greater Internet speed, and a deeper penetration of users, communication is far easier. For instance:

Teletype (TTY) -- the TTY is an electronic device that is used…. [read more]

Miniature Antennas for Biomedical Applications Term Paper

… The MEMS technology has developed several devices for biomedical applications. The Microfluidics makes it easier the design of networks of channels, chambers and valves to regulate the flow of liquids in amounts as minute as one picoliter. Such systems have few moving parts and necessitate little assembly. They entail the potentiality to miniaturize analytical equipment that applies expensive chemicals and DNA samples. They take the benefit of the physical phenomena like electro-osmosis, dielectro-phoresis and surface interaction effects. It involves generation of a Electrokinetic flow when the electrodes attached to computer driven power supplies are placed in the reservoirs at each end of a channel and activated to produce electrical current via the channel.

Under such circumstances fluids of the suitable kind will move by a…. [read more]

United States Deaf Olympics Essay

… The sport skills of Deaf athletes span the range found in the hearing population, from unskilled to highly skilled. With the unbiased rules of the American Deaf Olympics, the participants at the American Deaf Olympic games held in Louisville, Kentucky, capable of competing as equals with hearing athletes, and some do so with significant success. As far back as 1883, the athletes with hearing impairment were competing in professional sport in the United States. In that year, Ed Dundon became the first recorded Deaf professional baseball player and is reported to be the reason for the development of umpire hand signals. Curtis Pride is Deaf and competes in Major League Baseball, and Jeff Pollock from Salt Lake City who are on the U.S. snowboarding team,…. [read more]

Bacterial Meningitis in Children Term Paper

… Bacterial Meningitis in Children: An Overview

Bacterial meningitis represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Meningitis is defined as inflammation of the protective membranes, known as meninges, that surround the brain and spinal cord (Chavez-Bueno et al., 2005). The most common types of bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis in children aged 3 months and older are S. pneumoniae and N. meningitdis, and are responsible for 80% of cases in the United States (Brouwer et al., 2010). Symptoms of bacterial meningitis in children vary between infants and older children: infants typically present with fever, poor feeding, irritability, lethargy, and vomiting, while older children generally present with more clinically characteristic meningeal irritability, vomiting, photophobia, headache, and neck stiffness (Brouwer et al., 2010). Risk…. [read more]

Deaf Marlee Matlin Research Proposal

… Deaf

Marlee Matlin is one of the most recognizable faces in the deaf community. An Oscar-winning actress, Matlin has also appeared on numerous television shows including the West Wing and Dancing with the Stars. Matlin has become a remarkable emblem for the deaf community: living proof that deaf stars can shine every bit as brightly as their hearing counterparts. However, Matlin's childhood was relatively uneventful. Her supportive parents enabled Matlin to feel comfortable in the mainstream world and in a variety of social situations. Matlin went to a mainstream summer camp and did not attend a deaf-only school. Her education was integrated and so was her social world, illustrating the importance of inclusion. Acording to Putz (2005), "Marlee's childhood world was unlimited." Marlee Matlin's family…. [read more]

Rehabilitation Counseling Term Paper

… ¶ … Head Injuries and Resultant Deafness

John Q. is a twenty-five-year-old male who suffered head injuries as the result of a roadside bomb in Iraq. Until this injury, John was a healthy young man with a wife, a child, and on a career path in the United States Army. The incident not only altered John's life plan for himself and his family, but left him physically disabled and, now, facing the post surgical prospect of neurological rehabilitation. Worsening the situation, the proximity of the explosion to John was such that he sustained injuries to both ears, and is now hearing impaired with a complete loss of hearing in either ear. His hearing impairment is not such that it can be repaired with cochlear implants,…. [read more]

Tech for the Deaf Research Proposal

… Technology for the Deaf

His Enduring Passion

But a passion for science, his father's inspiration to help the less fortunate and his own desire to improve the quality of life of the hearing impaired drove him to nothing less than work a miracle. The failed attempts of Alessandro Volta in 1790, Duchess of Boulogne in 1855, the French-Algerian partners Andre Djourno and Charles Eyries in the 1950s and the success of an American surgeon in enabling a profoundly deaf to hear through electrical stimulation in 1966 provided the direction of his research, which began in 1967. His objective was to enable the deaf to hear through an implanted receiver-stimulator, which would receive signals from and through intact skin. The receiver-stimulator would transmit stimuli to the…. [read more]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Science and Technology Essay

… Science and Technology

"the Knowledge Paradox:" the Advantages and Disadvantages

of Science and Technology

It is hard to imagine humanity without science and technology. Some would say that discovery and invention are our defining characteristics as human beings. As central as they may be to our identity, however, science and technology often come into conflict with other fundamental aspects of our nature: our religious beliefs, our ethical codes, and our social relationships. Depending on how scientific and technological advancements impact our lives as individuals or our society as a whole, the human drive to know and create can be either our greatest asset or our greatest liability.

There is no doubt that scientific progress and technological advancement have provided many benefits to mankind. It is…. [read more]

Nanotechnology Is the Predictable Capability to Form Term Paper

… Nanotechnology is the predictable capability to form things from the base level by the application of the tools and methods that are being devised presently to set each of the atoms and molecules in its desire place. When such type of development is accomplished in the sphere of molecular engineering, that seems likely, it gives rise to manufacturing revolution. (Introduction to Nanotechnology) We are required to concentrate on this meticulously and on the potential scopes and risks involved in it.

Intro to Nanotechnology-past, present, future, benefits, drawbacks


Richard Feynman, an imminent Nobel Prize winning physicist gave a renowned speech in the year 1959 disagreeing that the laws of physics do not control man's capacity to control single atoms and molecules. He explained an apparition…. [read more]

Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis Direct Muscle Neurotization Term Paper

… Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis, Direct Muscle Neurotization

Plastic Surgery- facial paralysis: Considerations

Paralysis of the face is uncommon and is estimated to occur one in four thousand persons. It is noted by various practitioners ranging from "neurologists and neurosurgeons, trauma surgeons, ENT surgeons, head and neck surgeons, plastic surgeons, internists, and psychiatrists." (1) the face being the most important part of the human existence, paralysis causes physical and psychological problems. For example the inability to animate one side of the face causes trauma and restricts normal communication. (1) People adopt various methods to disguise their paralysis and often avoid disclosure and sometimes express anger. The case of facial paralysis and the response by the patient vary with age. In children often tend to be…. [read more]

CIC and RIC a Hearing Aid Term Paper

… CIC and RIC

A hearing aid is a device that helps amplify sound for those who have limited hearing capabilities. Earlier historical devices were passive amplification cones or ways to gather sound and direct it to the ear canal, but in the modern era there are a number of types including electroacoustic devices, invisible canal aids, extended wear devices, open fit devices, bone anchored aids, eyeglass aids, and cochlear implants. All have different purposes in wear, function and price; and all help individuals in varying degrees depending on the individual auditory issue (Bentler,, 2000). Two major types of hearing aids are CIC (Completely in the Canal) and RIC (Receivers in the Canal).

CIC hearing aids are the smallest model hearing aid device. They are…. [read more]

Fallibility of Reliance Upon Sensory Essay

… The sensory information from the eyes tells the person that it is morning and it is time to commence the day's activities. The sensory information from the nose tells the person it is time to turn off heat on the stove under the food so as not to burn it and consume the food for energy. The sensory data from the ears tells the person the phone is ringing presently. Reliance upon such data is necessary for the person to get through the day.

Some problems of perception refer to illusions, hallucinations, and dreams. (TSEP, 2011) All of these occurrences can be a result of an imbalance or state of change within the human mind. To the mind, during such states, the sensory data provided…. [read more]

Beneficence the Field of Nursing Research Paper

… As Randall explains, one of the most daunting issues in palliative care is the dilemma between relieving suffering and the presumed duty to help a patient live as long as possible (1999). Certain painkillers can somewhat shorten the life of a terminally ill patient. Thus, the issue of beneficence is severely compacted. Nurses and other clinicians are faced with the conundrum of potentially shortening a life or the conundrum of allowing a patient to suffer from pain that they have the power to alleviate. Thus, in such a scenario, nurses and other clinicians need to discuss each issue on a case by case basis, discussing all issues with the patient and the patient's family.


Beneficence is truly a vital ethical principle that nurses and…. [read more]

Organizational Change and Development Essay

… Organizational Change and Development

The critical enterprise consists, ideally, of three aspects: (1) explanation and critique of current systems and the historical currents that have given rise to them, (2) an alternative vision of organizations and society that resolves the problems and oppressions in the current systems, and (3) an account of how one moves from the current system to the envisioned one, either naturally or through planned change. Critical research on organizations has generally been weakest in terms of this third aspect. No doubt this is due, in large part, to the Sisyphean tasks of explaining the subtle and often hidden means of control that pre- serve current systems and going beyond them to en- vision alternatives that are exceptionally difficult to distill and…. [read more]

Deaf Culture Research Paper

… Special Education

Deaf Culture

Deaf culture has many different meanings depending on who you are talking to. According to some it is a social, shared, and creative force of, by, and for Deaf people founded on American Sign Language (ASL). It includes communication, social process, art, entertainment, recreation like sports, travel, and Deaf clubs and worship. It's also an attitude which is sometimes seen as a weapon of unfairness. Overall Deaf culture is a positive term, indicative of pride and a communal identity (Defining Deaf Culture, 2011).

Then there are some who are adamant there is no such thing as Deaf culture. Some people will dispute that deafness is nothing more than a disability, a disability that must be fixed. Getting this disability fixed may…. [read more]

American Sign Language and Gallaudet Research Paper

… This would not be the last occasion for upheaval in the university's history. There would be additional protest when the University hired a hearing football coach in 2007 that had no knowledge of sign language (Foster). The difference is that Coach Hottle had already begun taking lessons to learn the language and had genuine respect for the deaf community, understanding that he was the outsider in this particular community. His efforts to learn and communicate with his players in American Sign Language and the fact that he would look, not at the interpreter, but directly at the student which whom he was having a conversation quickly ingratiated the new coach. He has now led the Gallaudet football team to heights of success that they had…. [read more]

Resistance in Group Therapy Term Paper

… Resistance Group Therapy

For decades researchers have attempted to discover whether resistance to group therapy is more harmful than beneficial, and uncover what methods they can adopt to overcome resistance. Much research supports resistance as a common occurrence in group therapy (Waller, 1993). Resistance can be both harmful and positive. It is most likely to be positive when counselors use resistance to help patients identify areas for improvement and strategies for overcoming their resistance in the future. In addition the research supports a new approach that incorporates pre-group training as a positive method for overcoming resistance in group therapy.

A successful model for pre-group training may include encouraging patients to create a list of successes and define ways they may help other members of the…. [read more]

Journey Into the Deaf-World Term Paper

… The reason seems to be that the use of sign language early in their life enriches not only their ability to process language but also their understanding and knowledge about the world around them from an early age, because their parents can communicate with them.

The people of the Deaf-World recognize that their own culture is rich and vibrant with meaning. They recognize sign language, specifically ASL, as the fabric binding them together. They also know, both from personal experience and from looking at the research, that sign language from an early age will give their children their best chance to learn well and to be successful educationally. Rather than having the educational system try to force their deaf children to function as if they…. [read more]

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