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Ethics and Professional Behavior Essay

… These tools provided in the seminar will enable them to effectively identify and handle all the possible ethical issues that may arise in the course of their work (Joycelyn M. Polock, 2010 ).

The five areas of ethical conduct that will be looked at are value statements that they should always remember, the codes of conduct that they should always strive to abide by, the Mechanisms to discuss difficult cases still within the ethical dimension, ethical modeling process and ethical communication channels and standards. These shall have embodied the vast concept of ethics within the criminal justice system and will have modeled the law enforcers into behaving in an ethical manner as well as passing down the ethical behaviors to other officers within the system.…. [read more]

Code of Ethics Critically Analyse Essay

… Social work "promotes justice and social fairness, by acting to reduce barriers and to expand choice and potential for all persons, with special regard for those who are disadvantaged, vulnerable, oppressed or have exceptional needs" (13). The Code stresses that it is the social worker's, not the client's responsibility to set boundaries regarding what constitutes professional behavior, including ones that relate to physical contact (22).

However, while the statements are affirmative of culturally diverse attitudes in words, how precisely the social worker should put these ideas into practice is vague. There are certain practical statements which seem sensible, like having a translator on hand when dealing with members of tribes who do not speak English and to only make referrals to competent persons (21). There…. [read more]

Ethics in Psychology Academic Fraud Term Paper

… Academic Fraud - Psychology

Ethics in Psychology: Academic Fraud

A Notorious Case of Academic Fraud

This paper discusses the "notorious" case of academic fraud by Sir Cyril Lodowic Burt as presented by Beloff (1980). The research will focus on the ethical problem presented, the ethical principles breached according to the Australian codes of ethics, the motives and justifications of a commitment of this breach, justification for such actions and solutions for dealing with instances of academic fraud such as this one. While a brief discourse on the case of Sir Cyril will be provided, the primary purpose of the case is to address motives and justifications for academic breach, and actions or solutions to such cases that academic institutions can implement to prevent fraud from…. [read more]

Defend the Ethics of Your Values Essay

… Defend the Ethics of Your Values by Using One or More of the Four Kinds of Ethical Theories

Personal values development

Although it may sound strange, given that religious values have not formed the core of my moral development, the ethical theory with which I most identify is that of Kantian deontological or duty-based ethical theory. I believe that certain moral values are absolute, and cannot be distilled with situational variables. These moral values include tolerance, respect for other human beings, and the need to make meaning out of one's existence beyond merely serving one's material desires and needs. While some aspects of various ethical systems may vary between cultures, for a human being or a society to be ethically functional, there must be some…. [read more]

Ethical Behaviors of Mattel Essay

… Justice to workers throughout the global supply chain isn't just good for compliance (Sethi, Veral, Shapiro, Emelianova, 2011) it is good for business as well. As is the case with many aspects of Mattel the economic benefits of being virtuous are lost on them from an insight standpoint as their management team continually churns, striving to stay aligned between vision and operation.

Normative Ethics

In evaluating the Mattel case from a normative ethics perspective, utilitarian ethics are the most useful as the company is dependent on a very broad supply chain that operates in an industry driven by rapid product introductions, severe price drops and the need for continual innovation (Sethi, Veral, Shapiro, Emelianova, 2011). Utilitarian ethics are particularly well-suited for a supply chain that…. [read more]

Ethical and Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Relationships Essay

… Ethical and Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Relationships


Daniel was a 19-year-old male suffering from mild depression. His family was well aware of the situation, and had obtained various opinions about what is needed to help him. Daniel did not react very well to medical anti-depressants. On the physical level, they made him nervous and restless. On the emotional level, he resisted the meds for fear of becoming dependent upon them. Despite his depression, Daniel had never felt the need to succumb to substance abuse, and indeed feared this, as he had considerable experience with a friend who nearly died as a result of substance abuse. The medical herbalist, Mr. Mudra, seemed to have the solution. After about a month of his treatments, Daniel's…. [read more]

Code of Ethics on Health Information Term Paper

… ¶ … code of ethics breakdowns which occurred in the Tenet Hospital Group, and how they have addressed these ethical lapses with their current ethics statements. It then addresses questions of ethics formulation and enforcement in healthcare, and how it impacts my practice as a healthcare professional.

The Tenet Case

The fundamental case for Tenet was a clear lapse in the basic patient care guidelines that form part of the Hippocratic Oath: first, do no harm. Tenet employed a Korean-American cardiologist in its Redding, California hospital who was amongst the most prolific interventional cardiologists in the United States, despite being in a town with 80,000 inhabitants in a relatively remote area of California (City Data, 2007). This cardiologist performed thousands more angioplasties than would be…. [read more]

Ethics Analysis of Genetic Engineering Essay

… In another, polar bears were submerged in a tank of crude oil and salt water to see if they would live. And, for those experiments that do have merit, there are many non-animal alternatives. The ASPCA states that "It is only out of sheer habit or ease that scientists continue to inflict pain on animals when, in fact, alternatives exist" ( The moral task of science is to discover the alternatives where they do not exist.

Some experts would say that no key human health issues have come about in connection with genetically modified organisms, which have been expended by important numbers of U.S. buyers. As with environmental effects, only intense effects that are easily linked to engineered foods would probably have been perceived. For…. [read more]

Solving Ethical Dilemmas in the Accounting Profession Essay

… ¶ … Accountant

Daniel Potter, an accounting auditing manager, must make an ethical choice. Should he dismiss the ethical codes and obligations of his profession and continue to follow the instructions given to him by his supervisor, or should he hold fast to the ethical principles he believes are part of his professional standing and licensure? Potter worked for one of the Big Eight accounting firms, was aware of the various shades of gray often imposed by management in a firm, but never realized the magnitude or the seriousness of the issue until Senator Metcalf (D-Montana), released a report on the public account industry that was quite negative towards accountants. This issue came to a head when Dan submitted his files to a supervisor regarding…. [read more]

Darwin and Determinism All Theory Essay

… " This argument was used by Clarence Darrow in the famous criminal case of Leopold and Loeb. Leopold and Loeb, the teenage sons of two wealthy Chicago families, were accused of kidnapping and killing a 14-year-old boy for their own amusement in 1924. Darrow based his argument on the claim that his clients were not morally responsible for their actions, but was ultimately the product of casual variables beyond their control. In the end, Darrow was able to successfully commute the sentences of Leopold and Loeb from the death penalty to life in prison. In demonstrating that the experience of conscious will is an evolutionary adaptation that allows for the modification of particular behavioral algorithms similar arguments for behavioral determinism become difficult to defend. A…. [read more]

Ethics and Regulatory Essay

… Since many states of the U.S. require different reporting units to be adopted, it is the legal obligation of firms to comply with this condition. Auditor has a central role in making the firm adopt such multiple metric of reporting financial results (Public Oversight Board, 2000).

The auditor has to ensure that the firm of accounting meets all the stipulated responsibilities as require in GAAP. Further, the firm is obliged to protect public interest by accurately reporting financial results and reflecting actual financial position of the company (International Federation of Accountants, 2009).

Integrity of the process along with objectivity and independence should also be ensured.

Due care of the audit process is also part to of external auditor's responsibility while conducting an external audit (Ramos,…. [read more]

Ethics in Sonography the Ethical Term Paper

… A national survey conducted by the American Medical Association (AMA) found that physicians favor confidentiality for adolescents. A regional survey of pediatricians showed strong backing of confidential health services for adolescents. Of the physicians surveyed, 75% favored confidential treatment for adolescents. Pediatricians describe confidentiality as "essential" in ensuring that patients share necessary and factual information with their health care provider. This is especially important if we are to reduce the incidence of adolescent suicide, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancies (

The sonographer must respect the confidentiality of the patient (except in those circumstances cited above such as an immediate life-threatening condition or the suspicion of a crime. Above all, the sonographer must consider the well-being of the patient and not seek to…. [read more]

Information Technology's Impact on Quality of Life Research Paper

… Information Technology's Impact On Quality Of Life

The ethical standards of organizational cultures are often directly related to the ethics of the leaders and managers who in large part shape norms, values, expectations and the boundaries of organizations (Cary, Wen, Mahatanankoon, 2003). Add in the component of information systems and related technologies, and the attitudes, beliefs and values surrounding ethics a leader has get immediately amplified across the organization, even if it is global in scope. The ethics of leaders, especially those managing and leading IT efforts, have a very immediate and lasting impact on the ethics of their entire organizations as a result. Setting standards for ethical conduct of information technology professional is therefore critical. Examining the importance of ethical behaviors that the IT…. [read more]

Ethics of Headhunting Structure Business Ethics Corporate Term Paper

… Ethics of Headhunting


Business Ethics

Corporate Social Responsibility

Social responsibility frameworks

Personal recruitment

External recruitment

Executive search

What are the choices facing organizations? What are the consequences?

Inductive and deductive approach

Conduct of research

Pilot test

Findings of the primary research

Further research suggestions

Is Headhunting Ethical? An Evaluation of Ethical Recruitment of Top Executives

Today, executive recruiting is a healthy profession - profit margins are high, the industry is growing, salaries are climbing and the hours aren't too tough (Fitzwilliam, 1998). The phenomenal growth in the executive search service worldwide (Jenn, 1994; Jones, 1995) has generated strong interests regarding the ethical conduct of search consultants (Nash, 1989). On the one hand, Nash (1989) has argued that executive search service may be an unethical…. [read more]

Scientist Finds the Beginnings of Morality Research Proposal

… ¶ … Scientist Finds the Beginnings of Morality in Primate Behavior," Nicholas Wade notes that primates demonstrate remarkably moral behavior, including risking their own lives to save another monkey, consoling losers of fights, or by refusing to take food if doing so meant administering a shock to a tribe mate. Referring to the primates' instinctual ethics as "the precursors of human morality," Wade could have just as easily argued that many primates have a keener moral sense than some humans do. Regardless, scientists have been searching for biological cues to morality: brain structures that govern morality. Basic morality on the level of chimpanzees is most likely rooted in emotional processing. Social constraints and the need for smooth-running societies are other reasons why primates demonstrate moral…. [read more]

Capital Punishment Analyzed by Utilitarian Ethics and Kantian Research Paper

… Death Penalty Philosophy

Capital Punishment Analyzed by Utilitarian Ethics & Kantian Ethics

The death penalty is the most extreme of punitive consequences, with its application representing the greatest of finalities in law enforcement and criminal sentencing. An issue which has garnered intense debate for decades and which has divided individuals along party lines and philosophical dispositions, the use of capital punishment is defended by its advocates as an effective way to deter violent crime and as a critically potent way to punish the worst of offenders. Its critics regard it as barbaric, unconstitutional or generally a violation of human rights. The United States is the only Western democracy in the world which still employs the death penalty in its criminal justice system. A careful analysis…. [read more]

Expanding the Boundary of Ethics and Politics Essay

… Expanding the Boundary of Ethics and Politics

Since 1990, the United Nations has been attempting to secure the universal ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and as of now, every member country of the United Nations has signed and ratified the treaty except Somalia and the United States. As the leader of an NGO attempting to work towards the rights of the child as outlined in the Convention, there are a number of things which can be done both the encourage the universal adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child specifically and work towards the maintenance and protection of those rights more generally. Doing so, however, requires a reinterpretation of some commonly held assumptions regarding the nature of…. [read more]

Censoring Science and Ethics Here Essay


That our government blocks the wrong information.

Confidence: Censoring does not give me any confidence at all.

Why Important: My biggest fear is that what we are being told already in the censorship stories is not correct or at least that it is only partially correct.


The right of freedom of press and the expectation that our government is being fair and objective.

Confidence: If the information from science is provided, I am very confident that many people will make sure the knowledge is most accurate.

Why Important: We must be able to count on our government to be fair and objective. When it uses public dollars to support science and to protect us we have to be confident that what is being…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas in Criminal Justice Term Paper

… For example, they receive little remuneration that does not gather for their daily needs alongside he poor working conditions. This affects their job morale and their psychological well-being. Therefore, William should consider providing his team members with better working environment alongside motivating agents such as remuneration to ensure their mental well-being (Hudson, 2003).

The present status of the correctional facility is undesirable as it is characterized with overpopulation, scarcity of the basic resources, and demotivated staff. As such, William, should focus on lobbying for strategies that aim at preventing further increase in the number of inmates. Such strategies include presenting the actual statistics to the involved stakeholders to ensure the reduction of the number of the inmates sent to a correctional facility. Alternatively, William should…. [read more]

Ethical Perspectives for a Counselor Essay

… ¶ … Personal Ethical Values

How will my personal ethical values shape and impact on my professional ethical positions when I enter my profession as a counselor?

Impact of personal ethical values on professional ethical positions

Value of being non-judgmental and respect

Being non-judgmental is critical to counselors. This is because counselors need to encourage their clients to open up to them. If they are judgmental, the clients will feel judged, and they will not open up to the counselor (Johnston, 1999). The nun-judgmental stance only applies in regards to judging the client in what they have done, or they are suffering from. There are judgments that the counselor should make in the course of their treatment and interaction with the client or patient. The…. [read more]

Leadership in Organizations Organizational Leadership Thoughts Capstone Project

… Leadership in Organizations

Organizational Leadership

Thoughts on Leadership (Opening statement)

Management verses Leadership

What is management?



The overlap ion management and leadership

What do leaders do?

Comparing personal thoughts and leadership models

Leaders see what others do not Leaders seize opportunities surrounding them

Personal statements/concluding the chapter

Leadership Theories

The trait theory -- what people have chances to be good leaders?

Behavioral Theories -- What Do Good Leaders Do?

The contingency theory - how situations determine good leadership

Leadership styles

The servant leadership style

Transformational leadership

Situational leadership

Effective leadership styles for today's organizations


Self as Leader

Core values in leadership practice

The leadership ethical framework

Decision making linked to core values

Organizational change framework

Organizational change strategy

Goal-setting change model…. [read more]

Branding and Communication Essay

… The example stated in the work of Cocoran is that of the company 'NIKE'. (2012 ) In 1996, NIKE was accused by CBS staff of "mistreating workers in Vietnam. The report claimed that contracted staff were subjected to a regime of both mental and physical brutality and made to work in appalling conditions in order to fulfill their daily quotas. Although the company tried to play down the story, their attempts were thwarted in when the New York Times ran a front-page narrative concerning a leaked internal inspection document by the global accountancy firm, Ernst and Young, which found that some workers in Vietnam were working in "unsafe conditions." The document declared that tests at a factory near Ho Chi Minh City showed employees were…. [read more]

Ethical Problem(s) Relevant Values Stakeholders Research Paper

… He had excellent analytical skills, he focused more on the reformation of justice system e.g. penal system of Britain and English legal code, and he termed it, "Demon of Chicane," rather than facilitating the status quo system. This leads us to the conclusion that Jeremy Bentham was more of a philosopher of his time. He was continuously busy in finding new ways and theories to define the laws he had created. Secularism was popular in Jeremy Bentham's time. Therefore, his ideas and beliefs were highly influenced by it. He looked for conclusions dependant on the material explanation of good and bad, right and wrong. Furthermore, he criticized Christianity and said that it was too much based on institutions. David Hume (1711-1776) and French philosopher Claude-Adrien…. [read more]

Bureaucracy as an Ethical Way to Lead Essay

… Bureaucracy as an Ethical Way to Lead

Kant and the Categorical Imperative

Immanuel Kant believed that the categorical imperative was the basis for ethical action in business. The categorical imperative is the central philosophical concept in the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant, which he defined as any proposition that declares a certain action or inaction to be necessary and denotes an absolute, unconditional requirement that "asserts its authority in all circumstances, both required and justified as and end it itself" (Kant 30). In essence, Kant believed that the moral character of an action depends solely on the principle behind it and not upon the consequences it produces, and therefore, ethical obligations are "higher truths" which we must obey regardless of the results (Josephson Institute 1).…. [read more]

Ethical Issues in Health Care Information Technology Thesis

… Ethical Issues in Health Care Information Technology

The purpose of this work in writing is to increase the understanding of Knowledge Management ethics and to identify, examine and analyze concepts, principles and practices related to KM ethics and health care information technology. This work will additionally examine appropriate methods in responsibly addressing ethical dilemmas and promoting ethical standards and practices in the use of health care information technology.

Health care services have been transformed over the past two decades by the increasing use of information technology however, ethical issues have arisen in regards to health care IT generating many studies as well as animated and serious debates relating to ethical issues and which have resulted in the proposal of practical solutions and guidelines for health…. [read more]

Shareholder Protection Companies Act 2006 Essay

… Shareholder Protection

Companies Act 2006 and shareholder protection

What constitutes unfair prejudice?

The tests of unfairness

Creditor protection

Ashfords (2010). Guide to Unfair Prejudice Against Shareholders

Minority Shareholder Solutions (2012).Test of Unfairness.

The corporate constitution in the UK has seen several changes as a result of the adoption of the Companies Act 2006 (Manfield, 2006).The changes affects all forms of corporate engagements within the UK corporate sector. In this paper, we critically evaluate the changes introduced to the corporate constitution by the Companies Act 2006 with particular reference to the balance between shareholder and creditor protection.

The corporate constitution in the UK has seen several changes as a result of the adoption of the Companies Act 2006 (Manfield, 2006).The changes affects all forms of…. [read more]

Corporate Conduct Global Corporations Essay

… The experience that the UN has in this area makes it a practical alternative to establishing some type of international guidelines for global corporate conduct.

The major disadvantage of this type of mechanism is the type and extent of the control that the UN might attempt to exert over multinational corporations. If the UN tries to have too much control over these corporations the end result might be the stifling of the corporations and their ability to be profitable. The UN has also had its fair a share of scandal as it relates to some of the leaders receiving kickbacks. As such the UN might not be the most qualified party to handle the responsibility of monitoring the conduct of multinational corporations.

State and National…. [read more]

Prison System. This Discussion Essay

… References

Agnew, R. & Cullen, F.T. (2003). Criminological Theory, Past to Present. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing Company.

Aziz, D., Levine, A.J., Sieber, K., Schulte, P., & Steenland, K. (1997). Incidence of Tuberculosis infection among New York State prisons employees. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 2012-2014

Briggs, C.S., Sundt, J.L., & Castellano, T.C. (2003). The effect of supermaximum security prisons on aggregate levels of institutional violence. Criminology, 41, 1341 -- 1376

Cheek, F. (1984). Stress management for correctional officers and their families. College Park, MD: American Correctional Association. 38

Cheek, F.E., & Miller, M. (1982). Prisoners of life: A study of occupational stress among state corrections officers. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees. Washington D.C.

del Carmen, A. (2004). Corrections, 2e. Cincinnati:…. [read more]

Soul by Soul: Life Inside Book Review

… One obvious objection to Johnson's approach is that his data disproportionately draws from specific states, more so than others. The Louisiana legal system was very different from the systems present even in most other areas of the South, and the complex racial dynamics of the Creole community within New Orleans give the city a distinct character. Johnson also does not merely present the documents he used, such as the legal cases, for the reader to scan as primary sources. He reads them much as one might a work of literature, looking for hidden meanings not immediately obvious to the observer. Johnson, perhaps most controversially, believes that slaves often took part in what he calls 'shaping' the sales themselves, by pretending to be ill if they…. [read more]

Knowledge Concerning Ethical Issues Involved in Counseling Research Paper

… ¶ … knowledge concerning ethical issues involved in counseling teenagers with alcoholism, including informed consent contents in psychotherapeutic settings, dual relationships and psychological testing considerations in personnel selection in organizational settings. In addition, the paper examines the rules governing sexual intimacy with clients and former clients as well as the value of personal psychotherapy as a requirement of a graduate training program. A discussion concerning deception in research is followed by an analysis of special concerns and particular benefits of an outpatient setting. Finally, a description of the relevant minimum HIPAA requirements is followed by a discussion concerning how psychologists become involved with fraudulent practices and an evaluation of professional responsibilities. A summary of the research and important findings are provided in the conclusion.

Ethical…. [read more]

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